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Gwang Hun Park, Ji Ho Sung, Hun Min Song, Jin Boo Jeong
BACKGROUND: Psoralea Fructus (PF), the dried and ripe fruit of Psoralea corylifolia exhibits an anti-cancer activity. However, the molecular mechanisms by which PF inhibits the proliferation of cancer cells have not been elucidated in detail. Cyclin D1 and CDK4 are important regulatory proteins in cell growth and are overexpressed in many cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism of PF on the downregulation of cyclin D1 and CDK4 level. METHODS: Cell growth was evaluated by MTT assay...
September 26, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Xiu-Mei Luo, Cheng-Jian Xie, De Wang, Yun-Min Wei, Jie Cai, Shan-Shan Cheng, Xing -Yong Yang, An -Ping Sui
Psc-AFP, isolated from the seeds of Psoralea corylifolia L., is an antimicrobial protein with trypsin inhibitor activity. Its encoding gene was cloned by 3'- rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) combined with Y-shaped adaptor-dependent extension (YADE) method. The gene Psc-AFP encodes a protein of 203 amino acids with a deduced signal peptide of 24 residues. The growth inhibition effect exerted by the heterologously expressed Psc-AFP in Pichia pastoris revealed that the recombinant Psc-AFP inhibited mycelium growth of Aspergillus niger, Rhizoctonia solani, and Alternaria brassicae and conidial germination of Alternaria alternata...
September 2, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Da-Zhen Wei, Xian-Yang Guo, Li-Na Lin, Meng-Xiang Lin, Yu-Qiang Gong, Bin-Yu Ying, Ming-Yuan Huang
Angelicin, a furocoumarin found in Psoralea corylifolia L. fruit, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory activity. The purpose of this study was to determine the protective effects of angelicin on allergic asthma induced by ovalbumin (OVA) in mice. Mice were sensitized to OVA (on days 0 and 14) and challenged with OVA three times (on days 21 to 23). Angelicin (2.5, 5, 10 mg/kg) was given intraperitoneally 1 h before OVA treatment after the initial OVA sensitization. The production of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 in BALF and IgE in the serum were measured by ELISA...
August 31, 2016: Inflammation
Yu Jin Kim, Hye-Sun Lim, Jun Lee, Soo-Jin Jeong
The seeds of Psoralea corylifolia L. (P. corylifolia), also known as "Bo-Gol-Zhee" in Korea, are used in a traditional herbal medicine for treating various skin diseases. In the present study, we performed quantitative analyses of the seven standard components of P. corylifolia: psoralen, angelicin, neobavaisoflavone, psoralidin, isobavachalcone, bavachinin, and bakuchiol, using high-performance liquid chromatography. We also investigated the neuroprotective and anti-neuroinflammation effects of P. corylifolia and its standard components in the hippocampal cell line HT22 and microglia cell line BV-2...
August 17, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Lin Zhong, Fei Huang, Hailian Shi, Hui Wu, Beibei Zhang, Xiaojun Wu, Xiaohui Wei, Zhengtao Wang
Qing'E formula (QEF) is a clinically used prescription with four ingredients, Eucommiae Cortex, Psoraleae Fructus, Juglandis Semen and Garlic Rhizoma, from the Song dynasty (10th century CE). The present study aimed to investigate the anti-aging effect and mechanisms of QEF on D-galactose-induced aging mice. A mouse subacute aging model was established by subcutaneous injection of D-galactose at the neck consecutively for 8 weeks. Motor activity and memory impairment of the mice were evaluated by the rotarod test and passive avoidance test, respectively...
July 2016: Biomedical Reports
Najla O Zarmouh, Samia S Messeha, Faisel M Elshami, Karam F A Soliman
AIMS: Monoamine oxidase-B inhibitors (MAO-BIs) are used for the initial therapy of Parkinson's disease. Also, MAO-BIs have shown to be effective neuroprotective agents in several neurodegenerative diseases. However, some concerns exist regarding the long-term use of these compounds. Meanwhile, natural compounds showed potential MAO-B selective inhibitions. To date, few selective natural MAO-BIs have been identified. Therefore, the current study is designed to identify plants with potent and specific MAO-B inhibition...
May 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Plants
MyPhuong T Le, Miguel A Lanaspa, Christina M Cicerchi, Jatinder Rana, Jeffrey D Scholten, Brandi L Hunter, Christopher J Rivard, R Keith Randolph, Richard J Johnson
OBJECTIVE: In developed countries with westernized diets, the excessive consumption of added sugar in beverages and highly refined and processed foods is associated with increased risk for obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. As a major constituent of added sugars, fructose has been shown to cause a variety of adverse metabolic effects, such as impaired insulin sensitivity, hypertriglyceridemia, and oxidative stress. Recent studies have shown that ketohexokinase isoform C is the key enzyme responsible in fructose metabolism that drive's fructose's adverse effects...
2016: PloS One
Feng Li, Shuai Wang, Danyi Lu, Yifei Wang, Dong Dong, Baojian Wu
1. Bakuchiol, one of the main active compounds of Psoralea corylifolia, possesses a variety of pharmacological activities such as anti-tumor and anti-aging effects. Here, we aimed to characterize the glucuronidation of bakuchiol using human liver microsomes (HLM) and expressed UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) enzymes. 2. The glucuronide of bakuchiol was confirmed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and β-glucuronidase hydrolysis assay. Glucuronidation rates and kinetic parameters were derived by enzymatic incubation and model fitting...
June 17, 2016: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
Wing-Sum Siu, Chun-Hay Ko, Hing-Lok Wong, Si Gao, Wai-Ting Shum, Clara Bik-San Lau, Lung-Kim Hung, Ping-Chung Leung
OBJECTIVE: To further investigate the {ptin vitro} effects of an osteoprotective herbal formula "ELP" (Herba Epimedii, Fructus Ligustri Lucidi and Fructus Psoraleae) using seropharmacological approach. METHODS: Rats were fed with ELP or its individual component herbs for 2 days. The serum containing the postabsorbed ingredients of the herbal items were collected for cell culture using UMR106 cell, RAW264.7 cell and mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) isolated from the bone marrow of the rats...
June 14, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Li Li, Xueping Chen, Chi C Liu, Lai S Lee, Cornelia Man, Shuk H Cheng
Phytoestrogen has been proposed as an alternative to hormone replacement therapy, which has been demonstrated to promote a high risk of breast cancer. However, the effect of phytoestrogen on breast cancer development has not been fully understood. Bakuchiol is an active ingredient of a traditional Chinese herbal medicine Fructus Psoraleae, the dried ripe fruit of Psoralea corylifolia L. (Fabaceae). The in vitro and in vivo estrogenic activities and anti-breast cancer effects of bakuchiol have not been well-studied...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Ajay M Sorty, Kamlesh K Meena, Khushboo Choudhary, Utkarsh M Bitla, P S Minhas, K K Krishnani
Halotolerant bacteria associated with Psoralea corylifolia L., a luxuriantly growing annual weed in salinity-affected semi-arid regions of western Maharashtra, India were evaluated for their plant growth-promoting activity in wheat. A total of 79 bacteria associated with different parts viz., root, shoot and nodule endophytes, rhizosphere, rhizoplane, and leaf epiphytes, were isolated and grouped based on their habitat. Twelve bacteria isolated for their potential in plant growth promotion were further selected for in vitro studies...
May 23, 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Alessandra Iannuzzi, Angela Perucatti, Viviana Genualdo, Alfredo Pauciullo, Rita Melis, Claudio Porqueddu, Mauro Marchetti, Marianna Usai, Leopoldo Iannuzzi
Furocoumarin extracts from Psoralea morisiana, the endemic Sardinian legume species, were tested for their mutagenic potential on river buffalo blood cells. The results obtained performing the sister chromatid exchange (SCE) test in blood cultures of five river buffalo calves (exposure to furocoumarins for 72h) and five cows (exposure to furocoumarins for 3h, in the absence and presence of S9 metabolic activator) are reported. Significant differences in mean values of SCEs were observed in cells of calves compared to control cells (unexposed), but no differences in SCE mean values were found between treated and untreated cells of cows in the presence or absence of S9...
September 2016: Mutagenesis
Hyejin Lee, Hua Li, Minsoo Noh, Jae-Ha Ryu
The fruit of Psoralea corylifolia L. (Fabaceae) (PC), known as "Bo-Gol-Zhee" in Korea has been used as traditional medicine. Ethanol and aqueous extracts of PC have an anti-hyperglycemic effect by increasing plasma insulin levels and decreasing blood glucose and total plasma cholesterol levels in type 2 diabetic rats. In this study, we purified six compounds from PC and investigated their anti-diabetic effect. Among the purified compounds, bavachin most potently accumulated lipids during adipocyte differentiation...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Chun Hay Ko, Kit Man Lau, Lily Chau, David Wing Shing Cheung, Wing Sum Siu, Hing Lok Wong, Wai Ting Shum, Si Gao, Kwok Pui Fung, Ping Chung Leung, Simon Kar-Sing Poon, Clara Bik San Lau
OBJECTIVES: An anti-osteoporotic herbal formula ELP containing Epimedii Herba (E), Ligustri Lucidi Fructus (L) and Psoraleae Fructus (P) was studied to investigate the herb-herb interaction (or the possible synergistic effect) among each component and to identify the principal herbs in different modes of action. METHODS: Rat osteoblast-like UMR-106 cells proliferation, rat MSCs-derived osteoblastogenesis and RANKL-induced RAW 264.7 osteoclastogenesis were adopted to investigate the bone-forming activity and bone-degrading activity of the herbal extracts...
June 2016: Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Sang Chul Jeong, Ratna Tulasi, Sundar Rao Koyyalamudi
Fruits are a rich source of antioxidants and traditional Chinese fruits have been studied for their chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic properties against cancers and other diseases. The total phenol and flavonoid contents of eleven Chinese fruits extracts were determined. Total phenolic and flavonoid contents were estimated by both the Folin-Ciocalteau and aluminium chloride methods. The antioxidant activities were evaluated by four assays: a biological assay using Saccharomyces cerevisiae, DPPH radical scavenging activity, chelating ability for ferrous ions and ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP)...
2016: Cancers
Jianyu Feng, Yang Yang, Yajun Zhou, Bodong Wang, Hongyan Xiong, Chongxi Fan, Shuai Jiang, Jun Liu, Zhiqiang Ma, Wei Hu, Tian Li, Xiao Feng, Jianjun Xu, Zhenxiao Jin
Ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury (IRI) is associated with poor prognoses in the settings of both cardiac surgery and ischemic heart disease and causes mitochondrial oxidative stress and cell death. Silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1), a member of the histone deacetylase family, exerts anti-IRI effects. Bakuchiol (BAK), an analog of resveratrol and a monoterpene phenol isolated from the seeds of Psoralea corylifolia (Leguminosae), protects tissues from injury. This study was designed to investigate the protective effects of BAK treatment in the setting of myocardial IRI and to elucidate the potential mechanism of those effects...
May 2016: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
F Z Yin, L Li, T L Lu, W D Li, B C Cai, W Yin
Psoralea Fructus, the dried and ripe fruit of Psoralea corylifolia L., have been used as traditional medicine. There is substantial evidence that multiple constituents are responsible for the beneficial effects of this medicine. To effectively control the quality of this herbal medicine, HPLC fingerprint analysis was performed on a SinoChrom ODS-BP column with mobile phase of a gradient prepared from H2O and CH3CN, which the conditions used for gradient elution were: 0-10 min, 5-45% CH3CN; 10-45 min, 45-70% CH3CN; 45-50 min, 70-100% CH3CN; 50-60 min, 100-100% CH3CN, and the flow rate was 1...
November 2015: Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Sun Joo Kim, Heung Chan Oh, Youn-Chul Kim, Gil-Saeng Jeong, Sangkyu Lee
Bakuchicin is a furanocoumarin isolated from Psoralea corylifolia and shows several biological activities. Although there have been studies on the biological effects of bakuchicin, its modulation potency of CYP activities has not been previously investigated. Here, we investigated the inhibitory effects of bakuchicin on the activities of CYP isoforms by using a cocktail of probe substrates in pooled human liver microsomes (HLMs) and human recombinant cDNA-expressed CYP. Bakuchicin strongly inhibited CYP1A-mediated phenacetin O-deethylation with an IC50 value of 0...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Yun Zhu, Yong-gang Li, Yao Wang, Li-ping Wang, Jia-bo Wang, Rui-lin Wang, Li-fu Wang, Ya-kun Meng, Zhong-xia Wang, He Xiao Xiao
OBJECTIVE: To observe clinical characteristics of herb-induced liver injury (HILI). METHODS: General conditions, medical history, clinical manifestations, biochemical indices, prognosis, and Roussed Uclaf Causality Assessment Method (RUCAM) scores were retrospectively analyzed in 595 inpatients at 302 Military Hospital between January 2009 and January 2014. RESULTS: There were 423 cases (accounting for 71.1%) were females with multiple onset age ranging 41 to 50 years old...
January 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
Jia-rong Gao, Xiao-xu Yang, Xi Wu, Liang-bing Wei, Yan-quan Han, Jun-mei Song
OBJECTIVE: To study the simultaneous determination method of daodi Psoraleae Fructus-Myristicae Semen Chinese drug pair for the seven ingredients, and Psoraleae Fructus-Myristicae Semen Chinese drug pair on the chemical composition of initial ownership and identification. METHODS: UPLC BEH C18 column (2.1 mm x 100 mm, 1.7 µm) was used in the determination. The flow rate was kept at 0.25 mL/min, and 2 µL of standard and sample solution were injected in each run...
September 2015: Zhong Yao Cai, Zhongyaocai, Journal of Chinese Medicinal Materials
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