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Irshad Hussain, Nisar Hussain, Abdul Manan, Abdur Rashid, Barkat Khan, Sattar Bakhsh
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is a repugnant and odious dermatological malady of the time. It has an detrimental impact on the pigmentation of the human skin as a result of the destruction of cutaneous melanocytes. It affects 1%-2% of the population worldwide. Different therapeutic regimens have been deployed to treat vitiligo, but none of them could stand alone to be stated as a perfect cure. Recently, a change has been observed through novel experimental-designed optimization leading to the development of an anti-vitiligo ointment containing Psoralea corylifolia (PC) seed powder...
2016: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Aifang Li, Nana Ma, Zijing Zhao, Mei Yuan, Hua Li, Qi Wang
BACKGROUND: Licorice, a popular traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), is widely used to moderate the effects (detoxification) of other herbs in TCM and often combined with Fructus Psoraleae. However, the classical TCM book states that Fructus Psoraleae is incompatible with licorice; the mechanism underlying this incompatibility has not been identified. Glycyrrhetinic acid (GA), the active metabolite of licorice, may increase the toxicity of bakuchiol (BAK), the main chemical ingredient in Psoralea corylifolia, by inhibiting its detoxification enzymes CYP450s...
2016: PeerJ
Tshepiso Jan Makhafola, Esameldin Elzein Elgorashi, Lyndy Joy McGaw, Luc Verschaeve, Jacobus Nicolaas Eloff
BACKGROUND: Antimutagenic activity of plant extracts is important in the discovery of new, effective cancer preventing agents. There is increasing evidence that cancer and other mutation-related diseases can be prevented by intake of DNA protective agents. The identification of antimutagenic agents present in plants presents an effective strategy to inhibit pathogenic processes resulting from exposure to mutagenic and/or carcinogenic substances present in the environment. There are no reports on the antimutagenic activities of the plant species investigated in this study...
November 29, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Zhiyong Chen, Yuanyuan Yang, Hongxun Tao, Liping Liao, Ye Li, Zijia Zhang
INTRODUCTION: The increasing popularity of traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) necessitates rapid and reliable methods for controlling their quality. Direct analysis in real-time mass spectrometry (DART-MS) represents a novel approach to analysing TCMs. OBJECTIVE: To develop a quick and reliable method of identifying TCMs with coumarins as primary characteristics. METHODOLOGY: DART-MS coupled with ion trap mass spectrometry was employed to rapidly identify TCMs with coumarins as primary characteristics and to explore the ionisation mechanisms of simple coumarins, furocoumarins and pyranocoumarins in detail...
November 23, 2016: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
Lei Wu, Zhuoyan Ling, Xueqin Feng, Caiping Mao, Zhice Xu
Osteoporosis is one of common bone disorders, affecting millions of people worldwide. Treatments of osteoporosis consist of pharmacotherapy and non-pharmacological interventions, such as mineral supplementation, lifestyle changes, and exercise programs. Due to the minimum side effects and favorable cost-effective therapeutic effects, herbal medicine has been widely applied in clinical practices for more than 2,000 years in China. Of the many traditional formulas reported for treating bone diseases, 4 single herbs namely (1) Herba Epimedii, (2) Rhizoma Drynariae, (3) Fructus Psoraleae, and (4) Cortex Eucommiae, are considered as the featured "Kidney-Yang" tonics, and frequently and effectively applied for preventing and treating osteoporosis...
November 16, 2016: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
Yunkyoung Lee, Hee-Sook Jun, Yoon Sin Oh
The extract of Psoralea corylifolia seeds (PCE) has been widely used as a herbal medicine because of its beneficial effect on human health. In this study, we investigated the protective effects and molecular mechanisms of PCE on palmitate- (PA-) induced toxicity in PC12 cells, a neuron-like cell line. PCE significantly increased cell viability in PA-treated PC12 cells and showed antiapoptotic effects, as evidenced by decreased expression of cleaved caspase-3, cleaved poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase, and bax protein as well as increased expression of bcl-2 protein...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Nisha Tak, Esha Awasthi, Garima Bissa, Raju Ram Meghwal, Euan K James, Janet S Sprent, Hukam S Gehlot
Phylogenetically diverse Ensifer strains associated with five species of Tephrosia growing in alkaline soils of semi-arid regions of the Thar Desert were characterized using multi locus sequence analysis. Based on 16S rRNA and four protein-coding housekeeping gene (recA, atpD, glnII and dnaK) sequences, the Tephrosia-Ensifer strains were genetically different from the type strains of Ensifer saheli, Ensifer kostiensis, Ensifer terangae (African origin) and Ensifer psoraleae (Asiatic origin). One strain, Ensifer sp...
December 2016: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
Gwang Hun Park, Ji Ho Sung, Hun Min Song, Jin Boo Jeong
BACKGROUND: Psoralea Fructus (PF), the dried and ripe fruit of Psoralea corylifolia exhibits an anti-cancer activity. However, the molecular mechanisms by which PF inhibits the proliferation of cancer cells have not been elucidated in detail. Cyclin D1 and CDK4 are important regulatory proteins in cell growth and are overexpressed in many cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism of PF on the downregulation of cyclin D1 and CDK4 level. METHODS: Cell growth was evaluated by MTT assay...
September 26, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Xiu-Mei Luo, Cheng-Jian Xie, De Wang, Yun-Min Wei, Jie Cai, Shan-Shan Cheng, Xing -Yong Yang, An -Ping Sui
Psc-AFP, isolated from the seeds of Psoralea corylifolia L., is an antimicrobial protein with trypsin inhibitor activity. Its encoding gene was cloned by 3'- rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) combined with Y-shaped adaptor-dependent extension (YADE) method. The gene Psc-AFP encodes a protein of 203 amino acids with a deduced signal peptide of 24 residues. The growth inhibition effect exerted by the heterologously expressed Psc-AFP in Pichia pastoris revealed that the recombinant Psc-AFP inhibited mycelium growth of Aspergillus niger, Rhizoctonia solani, and Alternaria brassicae and conidial germination of Alternaria alternata...
September 2, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Da-Zhen Wei, Xian-Yang Guo, Li-Na Lin, Meng-Xiang Lin, Yu-Qiang Gong, Bin-Yu Ying, Ming-Yuan Huang
Angelicin, a furocoumarin found in Psoralea corylifolia L. fruit, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory activity. The purpose of this study was to determine the protective effects of angelicin on allergic asthma induced by ovalbumin (OVA) in mice. Mice were sensitized to OVA (on days 0 and 14) and challenged with OVA three times (on days 21 to 23). Angelicin (2.5, 5, 10 mg/kg) was given intraperitoneally 1 h before OVA treatment after the initial OVA sensitization. The production of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13 in BALF and IgE in the serum were measured by ELISA...
December 2016: Inflammation
Yu Jin Kim, Hye-Sun Lim, Jun Lee, Soo-Jin Jeong
The seeds of Psoralea corylifolia L. (P. corylifolia), also known as "Bo-Gol-Zhee" in Korea, are used in a traditional herbal medicine for treating various skin diseases. In the present study, we performed quantitative analyses of the seven standard components of P. corylifolia: psoralen, angelicin, neobavaisoflavone, psoralidin, isobavachalcone, bavachinin, and bakuchiol, using high-performance liquid chromatography. We also investigated the neuroprotective and anti-neuroinflammation effects of P. corylifolia and its standard components in the hippocampal cell line HT22 and microglia cell line BV-2...
August 17, 2016: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Lin Zhong, Fei Huang, Hailian Shi, Hui Wu, Beibei Zhang, Xiaojun Wu, Xiaohui Wei, Zhengtao Wang
Qing'E formula (QEF) is a clinically used prescription with four ingredients, Eucommiae Cortex, Psoraleae Fructus, Juglandis Semen and Garlic Rhizoma, from the Song dynasty (10th century CE). The present study aimed to investigate the anti-aging effect and mechanisms of QEF on D-galactose-induced aging mice. A mouse subacute aging model was established by subcutaneous injection of D-galactose at the neck consecutively for 8 weeks. Motor activity and memory impairment of the mice were evaluated by the rotarod test and passive avoidance test, respectively...
July 2016: Biomedical Reports
Najla O Zarmouh, Samia S Messeha, Faisel M Elshami, Karam F A Soliman
AIMS: Monoamine oxidase-B inhibitors (MAO-BIs) are used for the initial therapy of Parkinson's disease. Also, MAO-BIs have shown to be effective neuroprotective agents in several neurodegenerative diseases. However, some concerns exist regarding the long-term use of these compounds. Meanwhile, natural compounds showed potential MAO-B selective inhibitions. To date, few selective natural MAO-BIs have been identified. Therefore, the current study is designed to identify plants with potent and specific MAO-B inhibition...
May 2016: European Journal of Medicinal Plants
MyPhuong T Le, Miguel A Lanaspa, Christina M Cicerchi, Jatinder Rana, Jeffrey D Scholten, Brandi L Hunter, Christopher J Rivard, R Keith Randolph, Richard J Johnson
OBJECTIVE: In developed countries with westernized diets, the excessive consumption of added sugar in beverages and highly refined and processed foods is associated with increased risk for obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. As a major constituent of added sugars, fructose has been shown to cause a variety of adverse metabolic effects, such as impaired insulin sensitivity, hypertriglyceridemia, and oxidative stress. Recent studies have shown that ketohexokinase isoform C is the key enzyme responsible in fructose metabolism that drive's fructose's adverse effects...
2016: PloS One
Feng Li, Shuai Wang, Danyi Lu, Yifei Wang, Dong Dong, Baojian Wu
1. Bakuchiol, one of the main active compounds of Psoralea corylifolia, possesses a variety of pharmacological activities such as anti-tumor and anti-aging effects. Here, we aimed to characterize the glucuronidation of bakuchiol using human liver microsomes (HLM) and expressed UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) enzymes. 2. The glucuronide of bakuchiol was confirmed by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and β-glucuronidase hydrolysis assay. Glucuronidation rates and kinetic parameters were derived by enzymatic incubation and model fitting...
June 17, 2016: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
Wing-Sum Siu, Chun-Hay Ko, Hing-Lok Wong, Si Gao, Wai-Ting Shum, Clara Bik-San Lau, Lung-Kim Hung, Ping-Chung Leung
OBJECTIVE: To further investigate the {ptin vitro} effects of an osteoprotective herbal formula "ELP" (Herba Epimedii, Fructus Ligustri Lucidi and Fructus Psoraleae) using seropharmacological approach. METHODS: Rats were fed with ELP or its individual component herbs for 2 days. The serum containing the postabsorbed ingredients of the herbal items were collected for cell culture using UMR106 cell, RAW264.7 cell and mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) isolated from the bone marrow of the rats...
June 14, 2016: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Li Li, Xueping Chen, Chi C Liu, Lai S Lee, Cornelia Man, Shuk H Cheng
Phytoestrogen has been proposed as an alternative to hormone replacement therapy, which has been demonstrated to promote a high risk of breast cancer. However, the effect of phytoestrogen on breast cancer development has not been fully understood. Bakuchiol is an active ingredient of a traditional Chinese herbal medicine Fructus Psoraleae, the dried ripe fruit of Psoralea corylifolia L. (Fabaceae). The in vitro and in vivo estrogenic activities and anti-breast cancer effects of bakuchiol have not been well-studied...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Ajay M Sorty, Kamlesh K Meena, Khushboo Choudhary, Utkarsh M Bitla, P S Minhas, K K Krishnani
Halotolerant bacteria associated with Psoralea corylifolia L., a luxuriantly growing annual weed in salinity-affected semi-arid regions of western Maharashtra, India were evaluated for their plant growth-promoting activity in wheat. A total of 79 bacteria associated with different parts viz., root, shoot and nodule endophytes, rhizosphere, rhizoplane, and leaf epiphytes, were isolated and grouped based on their habitat. Twelve bacteria isolated for their potential in plant growth promotion were further selected for in vitro studies...
May 23, 2016: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Alessandra Iannuzzi, Angela Perucatti, Viviana Genualdo, Alfredo Pauciullo, Rita Melis, Claudio Porqueddu, Mauro Marchetti, Marianna Usai, Leopoldo Iannuzzi
Furocoumarin extracts from Psoralea morisiana, the endemic Sardinian legume species, were tested for their mutagenic potential on river buffalo blood cells. The results obtained performing the sister chromatid exchange (SCE) test in blood cultures of five river buffalo calves (exposure to furocoumarins for 72h) and five cows (exposure to furocoumarins for 3h, in the absence and presence of S9 metabolic activator) are reported. Significant differences in mean values of SCEs were observed in cells of calves compared to control cells (unexposed), but no differences in SCE mean values were found between treated and untreated cells of cows in the presence or absence of S9...
September 2016: Mutagenesis
Hyejin Lee, Hua Li, Minsoo Noh, Jae-Ha Ryu
The fruit of Psoralea corylifolia L. (Fabaceae) (PC), known as "Bo-Gol-Zhee" in Korea has been used as traditional medicine. Ethanol and aqueous extracts of PC have an anti-hyperglycemic effect by increasing plasma insulin levels and decreasing blood glucose and total plasma cholesterol levels in type 2 diabetic rats. In this study, we purified six compounds from PC and investigated their anti-diabetic effect. Among the purified compounds, bavachin most potently accumulated lipids during adipocyte differentiation...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
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