Read by QxMD icon Read


Benjamin Stich, Delphine Van Inghelandt
Genomic prediction is a routine tool in breeding programs of most major animal and plant species. However, its usefulness for potato breeding has not yet been evaluated in detail. The objectives of this study were to (i) examine the prospects of genomic prediction of key performance traits in a diversity panel of tetraploid potato modeling additive, dominance, and epistatic effects, (ii) investigate the effects of size and make up of training set, number of test environments and molecular markers on prediction accuracy, and (iii) assess the effect of including markers from candidate genes on the prediction accuracy...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Laura Monteonofrio, Davide Valente, Manuela Ferrara, Serena Camerini, Roberta Miscione, Marco Crescenzi, Cinzia Rinaldo, Silvia Soddu
Cytokinesis, the final phase of cell division, is necessary to form two distinct daughter cells with correct distribution of genomic and cytoplasmic materials. Its failure provokes genetically unstable states, such as tetraploidization and polyploidization, which can contribute to tumorigenesis. Aurora-B kinase controls multiple cytokinetic events, from chromosome condensation to abscission when the midbody is severed. We have previously shown that HIPK2, a kinase involved in DNA damage response and development, localizes at the midbody and contributes to abscission by phosphorylating extrachromosomal histone H2B at Ser14...
March 22, 2018: Oncogene
Zhanfeng Si, Hui Liu, Jiankun Zhu, Jiedan Chen, Qiong Wang, Lei Fang, Fengkai Gao, Yue Tian, Yali Chen, Lijing Chang, Bingliang Liu, Zegang Han, Baoliang Zhou, Yan Hu, Xianzhong Huang, Tianzhen Zhang
In cotton, the formation of fruiting branches affects both plant architecture and fiber yield. Here, we report map-based cloning of the Gossypium barbadense axillary flowering (GbAF) mutation gene, which causes bolls to be borne directly on the main plant stem, and of the G. hirsutum clustered boll (cl1) mutation gene. Both mutant alleles were found to represent point mutations at the Cl1 locus of the corresponding species, and therefore we propose that the GbAF mutation be referred to as cl1b. These Cl1 loci correspond to homologs of tomato SELF-PRUNING (SP), i...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
Sofía I Deperi, Martín E Tagliotti, M Cecilia Bedogni, Norma C Manrique-Carpintero, Joseph Coombs, Ruofang Zhang, David Douches, Marcelo A Huarte
The reported narrow genetic base of cultivated potato (Solanum tuberosum) can be expanded by the introgression of many related species with large genetic diversity. The analysis of the genetic structure of a potato population is important to broaden the genetic base of breeding programs by the identification of different genetic pools. A panel composed by 231 diverse genotypes was characterized using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers of the Illumina Infinium Potato SNP Array V2 to identify population structure and assess genetic diversity using discriminant analysis of principal components (DAPC) and pedigree analysis...
2018: PloS One
Walid Korani, Ye Chu, C Corley Holbrook, Peggy Ozias-Akins
Post-harvest aflatoxin contamination is a challenging issue that affects peanut quality. Aflatoxin is produced by fungi belonging to the Aspergilli group, and is known as an acutely toxic, carcinogenic and immune-suppressing class of mycotoxins. Evidence for several host genetic factors that may impact aflatoxin contamination has been reported, e.g. , genes for lipoxygenase (PnLOX1 and PnLOX2/PnLOX3 that showed either positive or negative regulation with Aspergillus infection), ROS, and WRKY (highly associated with or differentially expressed upon infection of maize with A...
March 15, 2018: Genetics
Andrzej J Joachimiak, Robert Hasterok, Elwira Sliwinska, Krystyna Musiał, Aleksandra Grabowska-Joachimiak
The location of 5S and 35S rDNA sequences in chromosomes of four Aconitum subsp. Aconitum species was analyzed after fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Both in diploids (2n = 2x = 16; Aconitum variegatum, A. degenii) and tetraploids (2n = 4× = 32; A. firmum, A. plicatum), rDNA repeats were localized exclusively on the shorter arms of chromosomes, in subterminal or pericentromeric sites. All analyzed species showed similar basal genome size (Cx = 5.31-5.71 pg). The most striking features of tetraploid karyotypes were the conservation of diploid rDNA loci and emergence of many additional 5S rDNA clusters...
March 14, 2018: Protoplasma
Longzheng Chen, Wei Li, Lorenzo Katin-Grazzini, Jing Ding, Xianbin Gu, Yanjun Li, Tingting Gu, Ren Wang, Xinchun Lin, Ziniu Deng, Richard J McAvoy, Frederick G Gmitter, Zhanao Deng, Yunde Zhao, Yi Li
Developing CRISPR/Cas9-mediated non-transgenic mutants in asexually propagated perennial crop plants is challenging but highly desirable. Here, we report a highly useful method using an Agrobacterium -mediated transient CRISPR/Cas9 gene expression system to create non-transgenic mutant plants without the need for sexual segregation. We have also developed a rapid, cost-effective, and high-throughput mutant screening protocol based on Illumina sequencing followed by high-resolution melting (HRM) analysis. Using tetraploid tobacco as a model species and the phytoene desaturase ( PDS ) gene as a target, we successfully created and expediently identified mutant plants, which were verified as tetra-allelic mutants...
2018: Horticulture Research
Pascal Touzet, Sarah Villain, Laetitia Buret, Hélène Martin, Anne-Catherine Holl, Céline Poux, Joël Cuguen
Historical demographic processes and mating systems are believed to be major factors in the shaping of the intraspecies genetic diversity of plants. Among Caryophyllales, the Beta section of the genus Beta, within the Amaranthaceae/Chenopodiaceae alliance, is an interesting study model with species and subspecies ( Beta macrocarpa , Beta patula , Beta vulgaris maritima and B.v. adanensis) differing in geographical distribution and mating system. In addition, one of the species, B. macrocarpa , mainly diploid, varies in its level of ploidy with a tetraploid cytotype described in the Canary Islands and in Portugal...
March 2018: Ecology and Evolution
Yong-Bi Fu
Cultivated hexaploid oat has three different sets of nuclear genomes (A, C, D), but its evolutionary history remains elusive. A multiplexed shotgun sequencing procedure was explored to acquire maternal phylogenetic signals from chloroplast and mitochondria genomes of 25 Avena species. Phylogenetic analyses of the acquired organelle SNP data revealed a new maternal pathway towards hexaploids of oat genome evolution involving three diploid species (A. ventricosa, A. canariensis and A. longiglumis) and two tetraploid species (A...
March 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
Almudena Trapero-Mozos, Laurence J M Ducreux, Craita E Bita, Wayne Morris, Cosima Wiese, Jenny A Morris, Christy Paterson, Peter E Hedley, Robert D Hancock, Mark Taylor
A powerful acquired thermotolerance response in potato was demonstrated and characterised in detail, showing the time course required for tolerance, the reversibility of the process and requirement for light. Potato is particularly vulnerable to increased temperature, considered to be the most important uncontrollable factor affecting growth and yield of this globally significant crop. Here, we describe an acquired thermotolerance response in potato, whereby treatment at a mildly elevated temperature primes the plant for more severe heat stress...
March 8, 2018: Planta
Wei Li, Zhongying Ren, Zhenyu Wang, Kuan Sun, Xiaoyu Pei, Yangai Liu, Kunlun He, Fei Zhang, Chengxiang Song, Xiaojian Zhou, Wensheng Zhang, Xiongfeng Ma, Daigang Yang
The SWEET (sugars will eventually be exported transporters) proteins are sugar efflux transporters containing the MtN3_saliva domain, which affects plant development as well as responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. These proteins have not been functionally characterized in the tetraploid cotton, Gossypium hirsutum , which is a widely cultivated cotton species. In this study, we comprehensively analyzed the cotton SWEET gene family. A total of 55 putative G. hirsutum SWEET genes were identified. The GhSWEET genes were classified into four clades based on a phylogenetic analysis and on the examination of gene structural features...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Marie Rogne, Oksana Svaerd, Julia Madsen-Østerbye, Adnan Hashim, Geir E Tjønnfjord, Judith Staerk
Cytokinesis failure leads to the emergence of tetraploid cells and multiple centrosomes. Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is the most common haematological malignancy in adults and is characterized by clonal B cell expansion. Here, we show that a significant number of peripheral blood CLL cells are arrested in cytokinesis and that this event occurred after nuclear envelope reformation and before cytoplasmic abscission. mRNA expression data showed that several genes known to be crucial for cell cycle regulation, checkpoint and centromere function, such as ING4, ING5, CDKN1A and CDK4, were significantly dysregulated in CLL samples...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Tatiana V Matveeva
In most cases, the genetic engineering of plants uses Agrobacterium-mediated transformation to introduce novel genes. In nature, insertion of T-DNA into the plant genome and its subsequent transfer via sexual reproduction have been shown for several species in the genera Nicotiana, Ipomoea , and Linaria . A sequence homologous to T-DNA of the Ri plasmid of Agrobacterium rhizogenes was found in the genome of wild-type Nicotiana glauca (section Noctiflorae) more than 30 years ago and was named "cellular T-DNA" (cT-DNA)...
March 3, 2018: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
Laura A Moody, Steven Kelly, Yoan Coudert, Zachary L Nimchuk, C Jill Harrison, Jane A Langdale
Forward genetics is now straightforward in the moss Physcomitrella patens, and large mutant populations can be screened relatively easily. However, perturbation of development before the formation of gametes currently leaves no route to gene discovery. Somatic hybridization has previously been used to rescue sterile mutants and to assign P. patens mutations to complementation groups, but the cellular basis of the fusion process could not be monitored, and there was no tractable way to identify causative mutations...
March 2, 2018: New Phytologist
Cristina Viganó, Conrad von Schubert, Erik Ahrné, Alexander Schmidt, Thomas Lorber, Lukas Bubendorf, Judith R F De Vetter, Guido J R Zaman, Zuzana Storchova, Erich A Nigg
Although aneuploidy is poorly tolerated during embryogenesis, aneuploidy and whole chromosomal instability (CIN) are common hallmarks of cancer, raising the question of how cancer cells can thrive in spite of chromosome aberrations. Here, we present a comprehensive and quantitative proteomics analysis of isogenic DLD-1 colorectal adenocarcinoma cells lines, aimed at identifying cellular responses to changes in ploidy and/or CIN. Specifically, we compared diploid (2N) and tetraploid (4N) cells with post-tetraploid aneuploid (PTA) clones and engineered trisomic clones...
March 1, 2018: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Julien Levy, Cecilia Tamborindeguy, Giridhar Athrey, Douglas C Scheuring, Jeffrey W Koym, J Creighton Miller
OBJECTIVES: Potato has a large genetic diversity. This diversity is in part due to somaclonal variability that appears within potato selections for which tubers are used as seeds. However, the potato tetraploid genome, as well as the use of tubers for crop propagation, does not allow for easy genetic studies. The objective is to gain knowledge at the genomic level from standard Russet Norkotah and a subclonal Russet Norkotah selection TXNS278. DATA DESCRIPTION: In this report, we used RNA-seq, which allows genome-wide gene expression analysis to sequence the transcriptomes of the subclonal Russet Norkotah selection TXNS278 with standard Russet Norkotah grown in commercial fields...
March 1, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Sachin Kumar, Ron E Knox, Asheesh K Singh, Ron M DePauw, Heather L Campbell, Julio Isidro-Sanchez, Fran R Clarke, Curtis J Pozniak, Amidou N'Daye, Brad Meyer, Andrew Sharpe, Yuefeng Ruan, Richard D Cuthbert, Daryl Somers, George Fedak
Loose smut, caused by Ustilago tritici (Pers.) Rostr., is a systemic disease of tetraploid durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L.). Loose smut can be economically controlled by growing resistant varieties, making it important to find and deploy new sources of resistance. Blackbird, a variety of T. turgidum L. subsp. carthlicum (Nevski) A. Love & D. Love, carries a high level of resistance to loose smut. Blackbird was crossed with the loose smut susceptible durum cultivar Strongfield to produce a doubled haploid (DH) mapping population...
2018: PloS One
S V Andreieva, K V Korets, O E Ruzhinska, I M Skorokhod, O G Alkhimova
AIM: The genetic mechanisms of resistance to chemotherapy in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (B-CLL/SLL) are not clear. We aimed to determine the peculiarities of abnormal karyotype formation in bone marrow (BM) cells and peripheral blood (PB) blast transformed B-cells in relapse of B-CLL/SLL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cytogenetic GTG banding technique and molecular cytogenetic in interphase cells (i-FISH) studies of BM cells and PB blast transformed B-lymphocytes were performed in 14 patients (10 males and 4 females) with B-CLL/SLL...
July 2017: Experimental Oncology
Tianwang Wen, Mi Wu, Chao Shen, Bin Gao, De Zhu, Xianlong Zhang, Chunyuan You, Zhongxu Lin
Brown fibre cotton is an environmental-friendly resource that plays a key role in the textile industry. However, the fibre quality and yield of natural brown cotton are poor, and fundamental research on brown cotton is relatively scarce. To understand the genetic basis of brown fibre cotton, we constructed linkage and association populations to systematically examine brown fibre accessions. We fine-mapped the brown fibre region, Lc1 , and dissected it into two loci, qBF-A07-1 and qBF-A07-2. The qBF-A07-1 locus mediates the initiation of brown fibre production, whereas the shade of the brown fibre is affected by the interaction between qBF-A07-1 and qBF-A07-2...
February 24, 2018: Plant Biotechnology Journal
Bingliang Liu, Xueying Guan, Wenhua Liang, Jiedan Chen, Lei Fang, Yan Hu, Wangzhen Guo, Junkang Rong, Guohua Xu, Tianzhen Zhang
BACKGROUND: Polyploidy is considered a major driving force in genome expansion, yielding duplicated genes whose expression may be conserved or divergence as a consequence of polyploidization. RESULTS: We compared the genome sequences of tetraploid cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) and its two diploid progenitors, G. arboreum and G. raimondii, and found that the bHLH genes were conserved over the polyploidization. Oppositely, the expression of the homeolgous gene pairs was diversified...
February 23, 2018: BMC Genomics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"