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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782038/tongue-pressure-measurement-in-children-with-mouth-breathing-behavior
#1
Nayara D Azevedo, Josiane C Lima, Renata M M M Furlan, Andréa R Motta
BACKGROUND: The tongue plays an important role in oral functions. Reduced tongue strength is often noted among children with mouth-breathing behavior. OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this study were to measure the tongue pressure in children with mouth-breathing behavior, to compare these values to those of children with nasal-breathing behavior, and to analyze the relationship between age and tongue pressure in children with a mouth-breathing pattern and in children with a nasal-breathing pattern...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774921/a-flexible-pressure-sensor-based-on-rgo-polyaniline-wrapped-sponge-with-tunable-sensitivity-for-human-motion-detection
#2
Gang Ge, Yichen Cai, Qiuchun Dong, Yizhou Zhang, Jinjun Shao, Wei Huang, Xiaochen Dong
High-performance stretchable and wearable electronic skins (E-skins) with high sensitivity and a large sensing range are urgently required with the rapid development of the Internet of things and artificial intelligence. Herein, a reduced graphene oxide (rGO)/polyaniline wrapped sponge is prepared via rGO coating and the in situ synthesis of polyaniline nanowires (PANI NWs) on the backbones of sponge for the fabrication of pressure sensors. From the as-prepared flexible sensor, tunable sensitivity (0.042 to 0...
May 18, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771391/age-dependent-inhalation-dose-due-to-exposure-of-short-lived-progeny-of-radon-and-thoron-for-different-age-groups-in-jammu-kashmir-himalayas
#3
Sumit Sharma, Ajay Kumar, Rohit Mehra
Dosimetric approach is used in this study for the assessment of doses due to inhalation of short lived radon/thoron progeny to the inhabitants of Udhampur district of Jammu & Kashmir. This paper also presents the activity concentrations and unattached fraction of radon and thoron progeny. The observed annual concentration of attached and unattached 222Rn and 220Rn progeny has been found to vary from 8 to 32 and 0.09 to 14 Bq/m3, 0.75 to 3.16 and 0.01 to 1.13 Bq/m3, respectively. The inhalation doses from radon progeny to different body organs of different age groups have been calculated by using the age dependent biokinetic model...
May 16, 2018: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764740/are-computed-tomography-3d-measurements-of-the-upper-airways-in-mouth-breathing-children-in-agreement-with-the-ent-clinical-diagnosis-of-obstruction
#4
Bruno César Ladeira Vidigal, Carolina Morsani Mordente, Paula Loureiro Cheib, Flávio Ricardo Manzi, Letícia Paiva Franco, Helena Maria Gonçalves Becker, Bernardo Quiroga Souki
INTRODUCTION: Imaging studies have hystorically been used to support the clinical otorhinolaryngological evaluation of the upper respiratory tract for the diagnosis of obstructive causes of oral breathing. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare 3D volumetric measurements of nasal cavity, nasopharynx and oropharynx of obstructed mouth-breathing children with measurements of non-obstructed mouth-breathing children. METHODS: This retrospective study included 25 mouth-breathing children aged 5-9 years evaluated by otorhinolaryngological clinical examination, flexible nasoendoscopy and full-head multi-slice computed tomography...
March 11, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753207/an-exploratory-study-of-the-factors-related-to-mouth-breathing-syndrome-in-primary-school-children
#5
Issei Saitoh, Emi Inada, Yasutaka Kaihara, Yukiko Nogami, Daisuke Murakami, Naoko Kubota, Kaoru Sakurai, Yoshito Shirazawa, Tadashi Sawami, Miyuki Goto, Maki Nosou, Katsuyuki Kozai, Haruaki Hayasaki, Youichi Yamasaki
OBJECTIVE: Mouth breathing syndrome (MBS) is defined as a set of signs and symptoms that may be completely or incompletely present in subjects who, for various reasons, replace the correct pattern of nasal breathing with an oral or mixed pattern. It is important to identify the relevant factors affecting MBS in order to diagnose its cause since breathing obstructions can result from multiple factors. The purpose of this study is to clarify the relevant factors and the interrelationships between factors affecting MBS among children...
March 26, 2018: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750629/relief-of-upper-airway-obstruction-using-a-cervical-splint-for-young-patients-with-cerebral-palsy
#6
Hyoju Son, Soohyeon Kim, Jaeho Lee, Chungmin Kang, Seunghye Kim
13-year old boy with spastic quadriplegia cerebral palsy visited dental clinic with chief complaints of mouth breathing and malocclusion. His mouth was constantly open at the resting position, with his mandible and tongue displaced downward. He breathed through his mouth, making a constant gurgling sound, a sign of upper airway obstruction. To enhance his mandible position, vertical chin cap was first considered, but it was not sufficient to reduce the gurgling sound or ease breathing. Then, cervical splint was considered, which effectively decreased the gurgling sound by repositioning his mandible to the anterior-superior position...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737732/-clinical-analysis-of-arytenoid-cartilage-reposition-with-snake-mouth-forceps-for-the-arytenoid-cartilage-dislocation
#7
Qing Xiang Zhang, Shuang Ba He, Zi Gang Che, Hui Ying Hu, Ya Qun Liu, Yuan Yuan Lu, Zhen Kun Yu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical effect of the arytenoid cartilage reposition using snake mouth reduction forceps under general anesthesia. METHODS: Data of twenty-six cases accepted arytenoid cartilage reposition under intravenous general anesthesia were analyzed, nineteen cases accepted laryngeal CT scan and cricoarytenoid joint reconstruction, all patients underwent endolaryngeal muscle electromyography examination. According to the position of cartilage dislocation prompted by laryngoscope and CT, the arytenoid cartilage was repositoned under the visual laryngoscope using special snake mouth reduction forceps...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726854/critical-anemia-%C3%A2-light-headedness-%C3%A2-bilateral-leg-swelling-%C3%A2-dx
#8
Maria Tecos, Megan Yee, Tricia Mueller
40-year-old man was referred to the emergency department (ED) with critical anemia after routine blood work at an outside clinic showed a hemoglobin level of 3.5 g/dL. On presentation, he reported symptoms of fatigue, shortness of breath, bilateral leg swelling, dizziness (characterized as light-headedness), and frequent heartburn. He said that the symptoms began 5 weeks earlier, after he was exposed to a relative with hand, foot, and mouth disease.
May 2018: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722897/mucopolysaccharidosis-vi-and-effects-on-growth-of-the-apical-bases-a-case-report
#9
Moema Ferreira Dos Reis, Lucas Rodrigues Pinheiro, Maria das Graças Rodrigues Pinheiro, Haroldo Amorim de Almeida, Patrícia do Socorro Queiroz Feio, Sâmia Cordovil de Almeida, Isabel Cristina Neves de Souza, Roberto Giugliani, Ida Vanessa Doederlein Schwartz, Rosely Maria Dos Santos Cavaleiro, João de Jesus Viana Pinheiro, Luiz Carlos Santana da Silva
OBJECTIVE: Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) VI is a rare disorder caused by an autosomal recessive mutation in the short arm of chromosome 5 (5q12-13) leading to an N-acetylgalactosamine-sulfatase lysosomal enzyme deficiency and numerous systemic clinical changes. The oral and maxillofacial complex may exhibit tooth eruption anomalies, macroglossia, gingival hypertrophy, mouth breathing, increased lower facial height, open bite, retrognathia, and progressive TMJ arthrosis. This report describes craniofacial growth changes in two MPS VI patients, sisters and daughters of outbred parents, who were longitudinally monitored from 11 to 15 years of age...
May 3, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721231/cystic-mass-of-the-floor-of-the-mouth
#10
Aina Brunet-Garcia, Elizabeth-Daniela Lucena-Rivero, Laia Brunet-Garcia, Marta Faubel-Serra
Background: Epidermoid and dermoid cysts in the oral cavity are relatively uncommon lesions of developmental origin. They often remain asymptomatic for years until they grow enough to interfere with speech, deglutition and less often with breathing which can pose a critical risk to the airway and require immediate surgery. Case description: A case of an epidermoid cyst of the floor of the mouth affecting a 37-year-old man is presented; this lesion was surgically enucleated with an intraoral approach...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29698076/central-nervous-system-b-cell-lymphoma-in-a-bald-eagle-haliaeetus-leucocephalus
#11
Marike Visser, Heather Walz, Stephanie Shrader, Jey Koehler, Jamie Bellah
An adult bald eagle ( Haliaeetus leucocephalus) presented for nystagmus and an inability to fly. On physical examination, the eagle was open-mouth breathing and tachycardic at 200 beats per minute, had a wrinkled cere and sunken eyes, and was an estimated 10% dehydrated. Additionally, the eagle was extremely weak, with neurologic abnormalities including bilateral proprioceptive deficits, nystagmus, and no pupillary light reflex in the left eye. Despite aggressive treatment, the eagle continued to decline rapidly and subsequently died...
March 2018: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696368/the-predictive-value-of-polysomnography-combined-with-quality-of-life-for-treatment-decision-of-children-with-habitual-snoring-related-to-adenotonsillar-hypertrophy
#12
Guoqiang Zhao, Yanru Li, Xiaoyi Wang, Xiu Ding, Chunyan Wang, Wen Xu, Demin Han
PURPOSE: Both surgical treatment and non-surgical treatment are suggested by clinicians for children with habitual snoring related to adenotonsillar hypertrophy; However, how should the decision be made remains unclear. The objective of this study was to investigate potential predictors for the treatment decision, i.e., surgical treatment vs wait and see in children with habitual snoring related to adenoidal and/or tonsillar hypertrophy. METHODS: Children with complaints of snoring and/or apnea associated with adenotonsillar hypertrophy who received polysomnography (PSG) monitoring at our Hospital were recruited...
April 25, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693018/salivary-markers-and-microbial-flora-in-mouth-breathing-late-adolescents
#13
Stefano Mummolo, Alessandro Nota, Silvia Caruso, Vincenzo Quinzi, Enrico Marchetti, Giuseppe Marzo
Objective: This is a 6-month observational case-control study that aims to estimate plaque index (PI), salivary flow, buffering capacity of saliva, and specific Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) and Lactobacillus rates in a mouth breathing late adolescents sample, after a professional oral hygiene procedure and home oral hygiene instructions. Subjects and Methods: A sample of 20 mouth breathing late adolescents/young adults (average: 19.2 ± 2.5; range: 18-23 years) and a matched control group of nose breathing subjects (average: 18...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676254/-the-smile-and-dento-facial-orthopaedics
#14
Pierre Canal, Catherine Galletti
INTRODUCTION: The mouth is an essential feature of the human body since it is there that the breath and food of life pass. In addition, it bears witness to our emotions. Today, the smile has become a major means of communication and of "self-affirmation". OBJECTIVE: The first task of the orthodontist is to restore correct function while, obviously, also contributing to enhance the patient's appearance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this article, we will present six cases to demonstrate that the leading mission of orthodontics is to restore the occlusion and function...
March 2018: L' Orthodontie Française
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666293/fast-or-slow-rescue-ventilations-a-predictive-model-of-gastric-inflation
#15
John R Fitz-Clarke
BACKGROUND: Rescue ventilations are given during respiratory and cardiac arrest. Tidal volume must assure oxygen delivery; however, excessive pressure applied to an unprotected airway can cause gastric inflation, regurgitation, and pulmonary aspiration. The optimal technique provides mouth pressure and breath duration that minimize gastric inflation. It remains unclear if breath delivery should be fast or slow, and how inflation time affects the division of gas flow between the lungs and esophagus...
May 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659421/air-splinting-maneuver-during-flexible-bronchoscopy-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Rahul Magazine, Bharti Chogtu
BACKGROUND: Magazine's maneuver was developed for ease of insertion of the flexible bronchoscope, on encountering a closed lumen at the nasopharynx-oropharynx junction. The purposes of this study were to find the frequency of occurrence of such luminal closures and to compare the efficacy of Magazine's maneuver, with other variations of the maneuver, in improving visualization of the upper airway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients aged 18 years and above who were undergoing flexible bronchoscopy were included, and their demographic and clinical data were noted...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652876/rehabilitation-of-sucking-and-swallowing-alterations-in-premature-newborn-at-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#17
Edda Aguilar-Vázquez, M Lucía Pérez-Padilla, M de Lourdes Martín-López, Adriana Abigail Romero-Hernández
Over the last 20 years, 640 premature newborns with alterations in suction-deglution have been taken care of in the neonatal intensive care unit at the Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez, using techniques for patients with immaturity, and neurological, gastrointestinal, cardiologic and respiratory pathologies. This descriptive study includes the treatment employed mainly in premature newborns during this period. Suction, swallowing and breathing coordination are some of the most complex abilities that premature newborns face, due to their anatomofunctional immaturity and improper sensoriomotor integration for the high energy requirements they must meet...
2018: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648550/continuous-real-time-breath-analysis-in-ruminants-effect-of-eructation-on-exhaled-voc-profiles
#18
Peter Oertel, Anne Küntzel, Petra Reinhold, Heike Köhler, Jochen Schubert, Johann Kolb, Wolfram Miekisch
The analysis of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) allows non-invasive investigations of diseases. Animal studies are conducted as a model to perform research of VOCs and their relation to diseases. In large animal models ruminants were often used as experimental animal. The effect of their physiological eructation on VOC exhalation has not been examined yet and is the objective of this study.
 Methods: Continuous breath profiles of 2 young cattle, 4 adult goats and 4 adult sheep were measured through a mask, covering mouth and nose, in real-time (200 ms) by means of PTR-TOF-MS...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617328/a-two-step-process-of-nitrous-oxide-before-carbon-dioxide-for-humanely-euthanizing-piglets-on-farm-trials
#19
Rebecca K Smith, Jean-Loup Rault, Richard S Gates, Donald C Lay
Current methods of euthanizing piglets are raising animal welfare concerns. Our experiment used a novel two-step euthanasia method, using nitrous oxide (N₂O) for six minutes and then carbon dioxide (CO₂) on compromised 0- to 7-day-old piglets. A commercial euthanasia chamber was modified to deliver two euthanasia treatments: the two-step method using N₂O then CO₂ (N₂O treatment) or only CO₂ (CO₂ treatment). In Experiment 1, 18 piglets were individually euthanized. In Experiment 2, 18 groups of four to six piglets were euthanized...
April 4, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608327/association-between-breastfeeding-and-childhood-breathing-patterns-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Eun Hae Park, Jae-Gon Kim, Yeon-Mi Yang, Jae-Gyu Jeon, Jun-Il Yoo, Jin-Kyu Kim, Dae-Woo Lee
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review aimed to evaluate the association between breastfeeding and breathing patterns in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for publications from inception to October 1, 2017. The breastfeeding duration and period of exclusive breastfeeding were selected as primary outcomes. The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated...
April 2, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
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