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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542364/inspiratory-muscle-activation-increases-with-copd-severity-as-confirmed-by-non-invasive-mechanomyographic-analysis
#1
Leonardo Sarlabous, Abel Torres, José A Fiz, Juana M Martínez-Llorens, Joaquim Gea, Raimon Jané
There is a lack of instruments for assessing respiratory muscle activation during the breathing cycle in clinical conditions. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the usefulness of the respiratory muscle mechanomyogram (MMG) for non-invasively assessing the mechanical activation of the inspiratory muscles of the lower chest wall in both patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and healthy subjects, and to investigate the relationship between inspiratory muscle activation and pulmonary function parameters...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540613/oral-capnography-is-more-effective-than-nasal-capnography-during-sedative-upper-gastrointestinal-endoscopy
#2
Wei-Nung Teng, Chien-Kun Ting, Yu-Tzu Wang, Ming-Chih Hou, Mei-Yung Tsou, Huihua Chiang, Chun-Li Lin
The role of capnography in esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) is controversial. Simultaneous supplemental oxygen, position of patient, open mouth breathing pattern, and anatomy of the oral and nasal cavity can influence capnography accuracy. This study first measured capnographic data via the nasal or oral cavity during sedated EGD. Secondly, we investigated the influence of supplementary oxygen through the oral cavity on the capnographic reading. Patients with ASA class I or II status admitted for routine EGD exams were enrolled...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539142/inspiratory-muscle-training-effects-on-cycling-during-acute-hypoxic-exposure
#3
Mitch Lomax, Heather C Massey, James R House
INTRODUCTION: Hypoxic environments increase the physiological demands of exercise. Inspiratory muscle training can reduce the demands of exhaustive exercise in this environment. This study examined the impact of inspiratory muscle training on moderate intensity hypoxic cycling exercise. METHODS: There were 17 healthy adult men who undertook 4 wk of inspiratory muscle training (N = 8) or 4 wk of sham inspiratory muscle training (N = 9). Subjects completed four fixed intensity (100 W) and duration (10 min) cycle ergometry tests...
June 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538822/association-between-harmful-oral-habits-and-the-structures-and-functions-of-the-stomatognathic-system-perception-of-parents-guardians
#4
Thayse Steffen Pereira, Fabiana de Oliveira, Maria Cristina de Almeida Freitas Cardoso
Purpose: To verify the occurrence and associate the presence and duration of harmful oral habits with the structures and functions of the stomatognathic system. Methods: This is a cross-sectional, exploratory study. Participants' participation was formalized by the signing of an Informed Consent Form. The non-probabilistic sample comprised 289 children aged one to 12 years assisted at a Family Health Strategy unit. The data were obtained through a questionnaire to identify harmful oral habits applied to the children's parents and/or guardians...
May 15, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538234/overview-of-lung-development-in-the-newborn-human
#5
David Warburton
In human neonates rapid adaptation from an aqueous intrauterine environment to permanent air breathing is the rate-limiting step for extrauterine life, failure of which justifies the existence of neonatal intensive care units. The lung develops at about 4-6 weeks' gestation in humans as a ventral outpouching of the primitive foregut into the surrounding ventral mesenchyme, termed the laryngotracheal groove. At its posterior end lie progenitor cells that form a pair of bronchial tubes, from which arise all the distal epithelial structures of the lung...
2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532581/unilateral-nasal-obstruction-induces-degeneration-of-fungiform-and-circumvallate-papillae-in-rats
#6
Jui-Chin Hsu, Ippei Watari, Yukiha Funaki, Satoshi Kokai, Takashi Ono
BACKGROUND: In clinical orthodontic treatment, chronic respiratory disturbance or mouth breathing has been concerned symptoms and screening criteria. In this study, to analyze the relation between nasal obstruction and taste sensing, a unilateral nasal obstruction model was performed to investigate the taste papillae and taste buds in rats. METHODS: Fourteen 6-day-old male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control and experimental groups (n = 7 each). The experimental group underwent unilateral nasal obstruction at 8 days of age...
May 19, 2017: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512604/traditional-dentistry-knowledge-among-serbs-in-several-balkan-countries
#7
Dragan V Ilic, Biljana Andjelski Radicevic, Anely Nedelcheva, Ivana Djurovic, Dejan Ostojic
BACKGROUND/AIM: There are still unrevealed treasures of traditional dental medicine, that is, the reason to investigate and present various ways in treatment of oral and orofacial tissues, as well as magic and religious elements involved in representative areas among Serbs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Information was collected from the elderly non-professional folk dentists and herbalists with the additional help of local physicians and dentists that was done through questionnaire and personal interviews...
April 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509670/pediatric-nasal-surgery-timing-and-technique
#8
Celeste C Gary
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Timing of pediatric nasal surgery has always been a controversial topic. Concern over disrupting growing parts of the face and causing permanent facial deformity has led to a primarily conservative approach. Many surgeons feel that it is prudent to wait until the patient has completed nasal growth after puberty to pursue nasal surgery. RECENT FINDINGS: Recently, this attitude has been challenged with evidence that not only is nasal surgery in the pediatric age group not a detriment to facial growth, but failure to correct significant nasal deformity may actually cause dysmorphic facial growth secondary to obligate mouth breathing...
May 13, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466488/when-dyspnea-gets-worse-suffocation-fear-and-the-dynamics-of-defensive-respiratory-responses-to-increasing-interoceptive-threat
#9
Christoph Benke, Alfons O Hamm, Christiane A Pané-Farré
In patients with anxiety and/or respiratory diseases, body sensations, particularly from the respiratory system, may increase in intensity and aversiveness and thus lead into defensive action (e.g., escape) or panic. The processes, however, that might contribute to the culmination of symptoms and the switch into defensive action have not been well understood yet. The current study aimed at evaluating an experimental paradigm to characterize the dynamics of defensive mobilization to body sensations increasing in intensity and aversiveness...
May 3, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466203/efficiency-of-oxygen-delivery-through-different-oxygen-entrainment-devices-during-sedation-under-low-oxygen-flow-rate-a-bench-study
#10
Wei-Chih Hsu, Joe Orr, Shih-Pin Lin, Lu Yu, Mei-Yung Tsou, Dwayne R Westenskow, Chien-Kun Ting
Sedative anesthetic procedures outside the operating room may depend on cylinders as oxygen source. Cylinders have limited storage capacity and a low oxygen flow rate improves the durability. We conducted the bench study to evaluate the fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) in different oxygen entrainment devices under low oxygen flow rate. The purpose of the bench study was to provide information to choose appropriate oxygen entrainment devices in non-operating room sedative anesthetic procedures. We utilized a manikin head-test lung-ventilator model and evaluated eight oxygen entrainment devices, including four nasal cannulas, two oral bite blocks, and two masks...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463895/first-complex-allotransplantation-of-neck-organs-larynx-trachea-pharynx-esophagus-thyroid-parathyroid-glands-and-anterior-cervical-wall-a-case-report
#11
Maciej Grajek, Adam Maciejewski, Sebastian Giebel, Łukasz Krakowczyk, Rafał Ulczok, Cezary Szymczyk, Janusz Wierzgon, Ryszard Szumniak, Miroslaw Dobrut, Krzysztof Oleś, Piotr Drozdowski, Dominik Walczak, Sylwia Szpak-Ulczok, Stanislaw Poltorak
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the possibility of performing a complex vascular allotransplant of all neck organs including skin. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: There are 2 previous attempts described in the literature, none of them being that complex. The first one is nonfunctional due to chronic rejection, the second one is viable yet considerably limited in complexity (no parathyroids, no skin). METHODS: The allotransplantation was performed simultaneously on 2 adjacent operating rooms, using microsurgical techniques...
May 1, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451443/palliative-care-in-heart-failure-facts-and-numbers
#12
EDITORIAL
Jillian P Riley, James M Beattie
Millions of people worldwide have heart failure. Despite enormous advances in care that have improved outcome, heart failure remains associated with a poor prognosis. Worldwide, there is poor short-term and long-term survival. The 1 year survival following a heart failure admission is in the range of 20-40% with between-country variation. For those living with heart failure, the symptom burden is high. Studies report that 55 to 95% of patients experience shortness of breath and 63 to 93% experience tiredness...
May 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448318/two-state-collaborative-study-of-a-multifaceted-intervention-to-decrease-ventilator-associated-events
#13
Nishi Rawat, Ting Yang, Kisha J Ali, Mary Catanzaro, Mariah D Cohen, Donna O Farley, Lisa H Lubomski, David A Thompson, Bradford D Winters, Sara E Cosgrove, Michael Klompas, Kathleen A Speck, Sean M Berenholtz
OBJECTIVES: Ventilator-associated events are associated with increased mortality, prolonged mechanical ventilation, and longer ICU stay. Given strong national interest in improving ventilated patient care, the National Institute of Health and Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality funded a two-state collaborative to reduce ventilator-associated events. We describe the collaborative's impact on ventilator-associated event rates in 56 ICUs. DESIGN: Longitudinal quasi-experimental study...
April 26, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442633/positive-end-expiratory-pressure-effect-of-3-high-flow-nasal-cannula-devices
#14
Jing-Chao Luo, Mei-Shan Lu, Zhi-Hong Zhao, Wei Jiang, Biao Xu, Li Weng, Tong Li, Bin Du
BACKGROUND: High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is supposed to provide additional PEEP compared with conventional oxygen therapy. However, the exact determinants of this PEEP effect are unclear. We investigated the factors that might affect the PEEP and compared PEEP performance among 3 HFNC devices. METHODS: Three available HFNC devices were evaluated: the AIRVO 2 device and 2 mechanical ventilators (SV300 and Monnal T75). A device consisting of a test lung (5600i) and an airway model (AMT(IE)) was used to simulate spontaneous breathing...
April 25, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442632/effect-of-aerobic-exercise-training-on-ventilatory-efficiency-and-respiratory-drive-in-obese-subjects
#15
Mehdi Chlif, Anis Chaouachi, Said Ahmaidi
BACKGROUND: Obese patients show a decline in exercise capacity and diverse degrees of dyspnea in association with mechanical abnormalities, increased ventilatory requirements secondary to the increased metabolic load, and a greater work of breathing. Consequently, obese patients may be particularly predisposed to the development of respiratory muscle fatigue during exercise. The aim of this study was to assess inspiratory muscle performance during incremental exercise in 19 obese male subjects (body mass index 41 ± 6 kg/m(2)) after aerobic exercise training using the noninvasive, inspiratory muscle tension-time index (TT0...
April 25, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424245/oral-nutrition-in-children-with-bronchiolitis-on-high-flow-nasal-cannula-is-well-tolerated
#16
Anthony Alexander Sochet, Jessica Ann McGee, Tessie Wazeerah October
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of aspiration-related respiratory failure and nutrition interruptions in children with bronchiolitis on high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) receiving enteral nutrition. METHODS: We performed a single-center, prospective, observational cohort study within a 313-bed tertiary medical center from January through December 2015. We included term children 1 month to 2 years of age without comorbid bacterial pneumonia or chronic medical conditions who were diagnosed with bronchiolitis while receiving HFNC and enteral nutrition...
May 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414605/use-of-a-novel-surgical-approach-for-treatment-of-complete-bilateral-membranous-choanal-atresia-in-an-alpaca-cria
#17
Karine Pader, Patrick M Burns, Anne-Claire Brisville, Marjolaine Rousseau, Laurent Blond, Geoffrey Truchetti, Hélène Lardé, Catherine Lapointe, David Francoz
CASE DESCRIPTION A 4-hour-old 6.3-kg (13.9-lb) female alpaca cria was evaluated because of severe respiratory distress and difficulty nursing since birth. CLINICAL FINDINGS The cria had open-mouth breathing and cyanotic membranes, with no airflow evident from either nostril. Supplemental oxygen was delivered, and the patient was anesthetized and intubated orotracheally; a CT evaluation of the head confirmed bilateral membranous obstruction of the nasal cavities, consistent with complete bilateral choanal atresia...
May 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396971/what-sleep-behaviors-are-associated-with-bruxism-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Huaqi Guo, Tongxia Wang, Xuechao Li, Qiong Ma, Xiaohong Niu, Jie Qiu
PURPOSE: The aim of this article was to assess the sleep behaviors that serve as risk factors related to bruxism in children ages 0 to 12 years by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies. METHODS: Seven databases were searched to identify all peer-reviewed articles potentially relevant to the review. Data were pooled for random-effects modeling. Sleep risk factors related to bruxism in this age group are summarized using pooled odds ratios (ORs), 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and P values...
April 10, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390760/restricted-mandibular-movement-attributed-to-ossification-of-mandibular-depressors-and-medial-pterygoid-muscles-in-patients-with-fibrodysplasia-ossificans-progressiva-a-report-of-3-cases
#19
Tetsuko Okuno, Hitoshi Suzuki, Akio Inoue, Jingo Kusukawa
Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is an extremely rare genetic condition characterized by congenital malformation and progressive heterotopic ossification (HO) caused by a recurrent single nucleotide substitution at position 617 in the ACVR1 gene. As the condition progresses, HO leads to joint ankylosis, breathing difficulties, and mouth-opening restriction, and it can shorten the patient's lifespan. This report describes 3 cases of FOP confirmed by genetic testing in patients with restricted mouth opening...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388225/effects-of-pressure-support-ventilation-may-be-lost-at-high-exercise-intensities-in-people-with-copd
#20
David Anekwe, Michel de Marchie, Jadranka Spahija
Pressure support ventilation (PSV) may be used for exercise training in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but its acute effect on maximum exercise capacity is not fully known. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of 10 cm H2O PSV and a fixed PSV level titrated to patient comfort at rest on maximum exercise workload (WLmax), breathing pattern and metabolic parameters during a symptom-limited incremental bicycle test in individuals with COPD. Eleven individuals with COPD (forced expiratory volume in one second: 49 ± 16%; age: 64 ± 7 years) performed three exercise tests: without a ventilator, with 10 cm H2O of PSV and with a fixed level titrated to comfort at rest, using a SERVO-i ventilator...
April 7, 2017: COPD
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