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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424245/oral-nutrition-in-children-with-bronchiolitis-on-high-flow-nasal-cannula-is-well-tolerated
#1
Anthony Alexander Sochet, Jessica Ann McGee, Tessie Wazeerah October
OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence of aspiration-related respiratory failure and nutrition interruptions in children with bronchiolitis on high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) receiving enteral nutrition. METHODS: We performed a single-center, prospective, observational cohort study within a 313-bed tertiary medical center from January through December 2015. We included term children 1 month to 2 years of age without comorbid bacterial pneumonia or chronic medical conditions who were diagnosed with bronchiolitis while receiving HFNC and enteral nutrition...
April 19, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414605/use-of-a-novel-surgical-approach-for-treatment-of-complete-bilateral-membranous-choanal-atresia-in-an-alpaca-cria
#2
Karine Pader, Patrick M Burns, Anne-Claire Brisville, Marjolaine Rousseau, Laurent Blond, Geoffrey Truchetti, Hélène Lardé, Catherine Lapointe, David Francoz
CASE DESCRIPTION A 4-hour-old 6.3-kg (13.9-lb) female alpaca cria was evaluated because of severe respiratory distress and difficulty nursing since birth. CLINICAL FINDINGS The cria had open-mouth breathing and cyanotic membranes, with no airflow evident from either nostril. Supplemental oxygen was delivered, and the patient was anesthetized and intubated orotracheally; a CT evaluation of the head confirmed bilateral membranous obstruction of the nasal cavities, consistent with complete bilateral choanal atresia...
May 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396971/what-sleep-behaviors-are-associated-with-bruxism-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Huaqi Guo, Tongxia Wang, Xuechao Li, Qiong Ma, Xiaohong Niu, Jie Qiu
PURPOSE: The aim of this article was to assess the sleep behaviors that serve as risk factors related to bruxism in children ages 0 to 12 years by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies. METHODS: Seven databases were searched to identify all peer-reviewed articles potentially relevant to the review. Data were pooled for random-effects modeling. Sleep risk factors related to bruxism in this age group are summarized using pooled odds ratios (ORs), 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and P values...
April 10, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390760/restricted-mandibular-movement-attributed-to-ossification-of-mandibular-depressors-and-medial-pterygoid-muscles-in-patients-with-fibrodysplasia-ossificans-progressiva-a-report-of-3-cases
#4
Tetsuko Okuno, Hitoshi Suzuki, Akio Inoue, Jingo Kusukawa
Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP) is an extremely rare genetic condition characterized by congenital malformation and progressive heterotopic ossification (HO) caused by a recurrent single nucleotide substitution at position 617 in the ACVR1 gene. As the condition progresses, HO leads to joint ankylosis, breathing difficulties, and mouth-opening restriction, and it can shorten the patient's lifespan. This report describes 3 cases of FOP confirmed by genetic testing in patients with restricted mouth opening...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388225/effects-of-pressure-support-ventilation-may-be-lost-at-high-exercise-intensities-in-people-with-copd
#5
David Anekwe, Michel de Marchie, Jadranka Spahija
Pressure support ventilation (PSV) may be used for exercise training in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but its acute effect on maximum exercise capacity is not fully known. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of 10 cm H2O PSV and a fixed PSV level titrated to patient comfort at rest on maximum exercise workload (WLmax), breathing pattern and metabolic parameters during a symptom-limited incremental bicycle test in individuals with COPD. Eleven individuals with COPD (forced expiratory volume in one second: 49 ± 16%; age: 64 ± 7 years) performed three exercise tests: without a ventilator, with 10 cm H2O of PSV and with a fixed level titrated to comfort at rest, using a SERVO-i ventilator...
April 7, 2017: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382061/effect-of-breathing-technique-of-blowing-on-the-extent-of-damage-to-the-perineum-at-the-moment-of-delivery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#6
Zohre Ahmadi, Shahnaz Torkzahrani, Firouze Roosta, Nezhat Shakeri, Zohre Mhmoodi
INTRODUCTION: One of the important tasks in managing labor is the protection of perineum. An important variable affecting this outcome is maternal pushing during the second stage of labor. This study was done to investigate the effect of breathing technique on perineal damage extention in laboring Iranian women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was performed on 166 nulliparous pregnant women who had reached full-term pregnancy, had low risk pregnancy, and were candidates for vaginal delivery in two following groups: using breathing techniques (case group) and valsalva maneuver (control group)...
January 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368660/passive-in-vehicle-driver-breath-alcohol-detection-using-advanced-sensor-signal-acquisition-and-fusion
#7
Jonas Ljungblad, Bertil Hök, Amin Allalou, Håkan Pettersson
The research objective of the present investigation is to demonstrate the present status of passive in-vehicle driver breath alcohol detection and highlighting the necessary conditions for large scale implementation of such a system. Completely passive detection has remained a challenge mainly because of the requirements on signal resolution combined with the constraints of vehicle integration. The work is part of the DADSS (driver alcohol detection system for safety) program aiming at massive deployment of alcohol sensing systems which could potentially save thousands of American lives annually...
April 3, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367199/immune-status-of-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#8
Zihe Zhang, Chunguang Wang
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the immune status of children with obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). METHODS: Fifty children with OSAHS having the symptoms of "snoring, mouth breathing and suffocating during sleep", who were admitted in our hospital from May 2014 to May 2016, were randomly selected. Another 52 healthy, age- and gender-matched children were enrolled as control subjects after taking informed consent. After admission, the peripheral venous blood was collected...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352990/choosing-the-right-interface-for-positive-airway-pressure-therapy-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#9
REVIEW
Ahmed S BaHammam, Tripat Singh, Smitha George, Karen Lorraine Acosta, Kashmira Barataman, Divinagracia E Gacuan
PURPOSE: Positive airway pressure (PAP) is the standard and most effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). It provides a continuous stream of air under positive pressure through the nose, mouth, or both, which prevents collapse of the upper airway. This allows the patient to breathe freely during sleep. The success of PAP therapy depends largely on the selection of the proper interface (mask). The choice and application of the interface in patients with OSA is a great challenge that greatly affects the long-term compliance to PAP therapy...
March 29, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349529/continuous-chest-compression-versus-interrupted-chest-compression-for-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-of-non-asphyxial-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#10
REVIEW
Lei Zhan, Li J Yang, Yu Huang, Qing He, Guan J Liu
BACKGROUND: Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a major cause of death worldwide. Cardiac arrest can be subdivided into asphyxial and non asphyxial etiologies. An asphyxia arrest is caused by lack of oxygen in the blood and occurs in drowning and choking victims and in other circumstances. A non asphyxial arrest is usually a loss of functioning cardiac electrical activity. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a well-established treatment for cardiac arrest. Conventional CPR includes both chest compressions and 'rescue breathing' such as mouth-to-mouth breathing...
March 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343445/a-case-of-anagrelide-induced-nonischemic-cardiomyopathy-in-a-patient-with-essential-thrombocythemia
#11
Pritpal Singh
BACKGROUND: Anagrelide is an established treatment option for essential thrombocythemia (ET). Cardiovascular adverse events can occur with its use including heart failure and cardiomyopathy. CASE REPORT: A 52-year-old African American male with ET presented with chest pain, shortness of breath, and dyspnea on exertion. His ET was managed with hydroxyurea 1500 mg by mouth twice a day and anagrelide 1 mg by mouth 3 times a day. The patient was receiving anagrelide for approximately 2 years prior to presentation...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330714/rapid-maxillary-expansion-in-mouth-breathers-a-short-term-skeletal-and-soft-tissue-effect-on-the-nose
#12
Fauze Ramez Badreddine, Reginaldo R Fujita, Fabio Eduardo Maiello Monteiro Alves, Mario Cappellette
INTRODUCTION: Rapid maxillary expansion (RME) can change the form and function of the nose. The skeletal and soft tissue changes can influence the esthetics and the stability of the results obtained by the RME. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the short-term effects of RME on the skeletal and soft tissue structures of the nose, in mouth-breathing patients, using a reliable and reproducible, but simple methodology, with the aid of computed tomography...
February 24, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326313/lung-volume-recruitment-acutely-increases-respiratory-system-compliance-in-individuals-with-severe-respiratory-muscle-weakness
#13
Yannick Molgat-Seon, Liam M Hannan, Paolo B Dominelli, Carli M Peters, Renee J Fougere, Douglas A McKim, A William Sheel, Jeremy D Road
The aim of the present study was to determine whether lung volume recruitment (LVR) acutely increases respiratory system compliance (Crs) in individuals with severe respiratory muscle weakness (RMW). Individuals with RMW resulting from neuromuscular disease or quadriplegia (n=12) and healthy controls (n=12) underwent pulmonary function testing and the measurement of Crs at baseline, immediately after, 1 h after and 2 h after a single standardised session of LVR. The LVR session involved 10 consecutive supramaximal lung inflations with a manual resuscitation bag to the highest tolerable mouth pressure or a maximum of 50 cmH2O...
January 2017: ERJ Open Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288222/-the-benefits-of-breastfeeding-and-associated-risks-of-replacement-with-baby-formulas
#14
Paulina Brahm, Verónica Valdés
Breastfeeding is the nourishment designed by nature for the newborn and the infant; however its prevalence is nowadays not optimal. The aim of this article is to review the current evidence of the benefits of breastfeeding for children and society, and to elaborate the risks associated with the replacement of lactation with baby formulas. Breastfeeding is a protective factor for several infectious, atopic, and cardiovascular diseases as well as for leukaemia, necrotising enterocolitis, celiac disease, and inflammatory bowel disease...
February 2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280107/ventilation-heterogeneity-measured-by-multiple-breath-inert-gas-testing-is-not-affected-by-inspired-oxygen-concentration-in-healthy-humans
#15
Susan Roberta Hopkins, Ann R Elliott, Gordon Kim Prisk, Chantal Darquenne
Multiple breath washout (MBW) and oxygen-enhanced MRI techniques use acute exposure to 100% oxygen to measure ventilation heterogeneity. Implicit is the assumption that breathing 100% oxygen does not induce changes in ventilation heterogeneity, however, this is untested. We hypothesized that ventilation heterogeneity decreases with increasing inspired oxygen concentration in healthy subjects. We performed MBW in 8 healthy subjects (4 female, 4 male, Age=43±15y) with normal pulmonary function (FEV1=98±6% predicted) using 10% Argon as a tracer gas and oxygen concentrations of 12...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272585/-preventive-dentistry-4-prevention-and-treatment-of-dentine-hypersensitivity
#16
F N van der Weijden, C van Loveren, D E Slot, G A van der Weijden
Many people sometimes experience pain when they inhale breath across the cingula or when they consume, for example, cold drinks. The most important method of prevention is to ensure that the dentine does not become exposed. If the dentine is exposed, both chemical and mechanical damage to the surface of the tooth must be prevented. Optimal treatment should be minimally invasive and primarily consist of advising the patient to brush his or her teeth and/or rub the sensitive area with a toothpaste especially developed to ease the pain of hypersensitive teeth...
March 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269565/evaluating-respiratory-muscle-activity-using-a-wireless-sensor-platform
#17
Luis Estrada, Abel Torres, Leonardo Sarlabous, Raimon Jane
Wireless sensors are an emerging technology that allows to assist physicians in the monitoring of patients health status. This approach can be used for the non-invasive recording of the electrical respiratory muscle activity of the diaphragm (EMGdi). In this work, we acquired the EMGdi signal of a healthy subject performing an inspiratory load test. To this end, the EMGdi activity was captured from a single channel of electromyography using a wireless platform which was compared with the EMGdi and the inspiratory mouth pressure (Pmouth) recorded with a conventional lab equipment...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268583/multisensor-data-fusion-for-enhanced-respiratory-rate-estimation-in-thermal-videos
#18
Carina B Pereira, Xinchi Yu, Vladimir Blazek, Boudewijn Venema, Steffen Leonhardt
Scientific studies have demonstrated that an atypical respiratory rate (RR) is frequently one of the earliest and major indicators of physiological distress. However, it is also described in the literature as "the neglected vital parameter", mainly due to shortcomings of clinical available monitoring techniques, which require attachment of sensors to the patient's body. The current paper introduces a novel approach that uses multisensor data fusion for an enhanced RR estimation in thermal videos. It considers not only the temperature variation around nostrils and mouth, but the upward and downward movement of both shoulders...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238295/use-of-intranasal-corticosteroids-in-adenotonsillar-hypertrophy
#19
REVIEW
E U Sakarya, N Bayar Muluk, E G Sakalar, M Senturk, M Aricigil, S A Bafaqeeh, C Cingi
OBJECTIVES: This review examined the efficacy of intranasal corticosteroids for improving adenotonsillar hypertrophy. METHOD: The related literature was searched using PubMed and Proquest Central databases. RESULTS: Adenotonsillar hypertrophy causes mouth breathing, nasal congestion, hyponasal speech, snoring, obstructive sleep apnoea, chronic sinusitis and recurrent otitis media. Adenoidal hypertrophy results in the obstruction of nasal passages and Eustachian tubes, and blocks the clearance of nasal mucus...
May 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227820/evaluating-respiratory-muscle-activity-using-a-wireless-sensor-platform
#20
Luis Estrada, Abel Torres, Leonardo Sarlabous, Raimon Jane, Luis Estrada, Abel Torres, Leonardo Sarlabous, Raimon Jane, Raimon Jane, Luis Estrada, Leonardo Sarlabous, Abel Torres
Wireless sensors are an emerging technology that allows to assist physicians in the monitoring of patients health status. This approach can be used for the non-invasive recording of the electrical respiratory muscle activity of the diaphragm (EMGdi). In this work, we acquired the EMGdi signal of a healthy subject performing an inspiratory load test. To this end, the EMGdi activity was captured from a single channel of electromyography using a wireless platform which was compared with the EMGdi and the inspiratory mouth pressure (Pmouth) recorded with a conventional lab equipment...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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