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Carlos A López, María Victoria Martínez-Huerta, María Consuelo Alvarez-Galván, Paula Kayser, Patricia Gant, Andres Castellanos-Gomez, María T Fernández-Díaz, Francois Fauth, José A Alonso
Hybrid organic-inorganic perovskites, MAPbX3 (X = halogen), containing methylammonium (MA: CH3-NH3(+)) in the large voids conformed by the PbX6 octahedral network, are the active absorption materials in the new generation of solar cells. CH3NH3PbBr3 is a promising member with a large band gap that gives rise to a high open circuit voltage. A deep knowledge of the crystal structure and, in particular, the MA conformation inside the perovskite cage across the phase transitions undergone below room temperature, seems essential to establish structure-property correlations that may drive to further improvements...
November 8, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Clément Larquet, Anh-Minh Nguyen, Mario Ávila-Gutiérrez, Lionel Tinat, Benedikt Lassalle-Kaiser, Jean-Jacques Gallet, Fabrice Bournel, Andrea Gauzzi, Clément Sanchez, Sophie Carenco
Lanthanide oxysulfide nanoparticles have recently attracted interest in view of their potential applications, such as lighting devices and MRI contrast agents, which requires a good stability in air and a controlled surface. In order to address these issues, in this work, air-sensitive Ce2O2S nanoparticles of hexagonal shape were successfully prepared and characterized under inert conditions. Bimetallic Gd2(1-y)Ce2yO2S nanoparticles of similar shape and size were also synthesized for the whole composition range (y from 0 to 1)...
November 1, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Nicolas Batisse, Encarnación Raymundo-Piñero
A more detailed understanding of the electrode/electrolyte interface degradation during the charging cycle in supercapacitors is of great interest for exploring the voltage stability range and therefore the extractable energy. The evaluation of the gas evolution during the charging, discharging, and aging processes is a powerful tool toward determining the stability and energy capacity of supercapacitors. Here, we attempt to fit the gas analysis resolution to the time response of a low-gas-generation power device by adopting a modified pulsed electrochemical mass spectrometry (PEMS) method...
November 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jaana Ahonniska-Assa, Orli Polack, Einat Saraf, Judy Wine, Tamar Silberg, Andreea Nissenkorn, Bruria Ben-Zeev
BACKGROUND: While many individuals with severe developmental impairments learn to communicate with augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices, a significant number of individuals show major difficulties in the effective use of AAC. Recent technological innovations, i.e., eye-tracking technology (ETT), aim to improve the transparency of communication and may also enable a more valid cognitive assessment. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether ETT in forced-choice tasks can enable children with very severe motor and speech impairments to respond consistently, allowing a more reliable evaluation of their language comprehension...
October 10, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
Chongyue Yi, Pratiksha D Dongare, Man-Nung Su, Wenxiao Wang, Debadi Chakraborty, Fangfang Wen, Wei-Shun Chang, John E Sader, Peter Nordlander, Naomi J Halas, Stephan Link
Plasmon hybridization theory, inspired by molecular orbital theory, has been extremely successful in describing the near-field coupling in clusters of plasmonic nanoparticles, also known as plasmonic molecules. However, the vibrational modes of plasmonic molecules have been virtually unexplored. By designing precisely configured plasmonic molecules of varying complexity and probing them at the individual plasmonic molecule level, intramolecular coupling of acoustic modes, mediated by the underlying substrate, is observed...
October 31, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Limeng Ni, Uyen Huynh, Alexandre Cheminal, Tudor H Thomas, Ravichandran Shivanna, Ture F Hinrichsen, Shahab Ahmad, Aditya Sadhanala, Akshay Rao
Self-assembled hybrid perovskite quantum wells have attracted attention due to their tunable emission properties, ease of fabrication, and device integration. However, the dynamics of excitons in these materials, especially how they couple to phonons, remains an open question. Here, we investigate two widely used materials, namely, butylammonium lead iodide (CH3(CH2)3NH3)2PbI4 and hexylammonium lead iodide (CH3(CH2)5NH3)2PbI4, both of which exhibit broad photoluminescence tails at room temperature. We performed femtosecond vibrational spectroscopy to obtain a real-time picture of the exciton-phonon interaction and directly identified the vibrational modes that couple to excitons...
October 27, 2017: ACS Nano
Hülya Uluğut Erkoyun, Yeşim Beckmann, Nazlı Gamze Bülbül, Tülay Kurt İncesu, Nevin Gürgör Kanat, Cumhur Ertekin
BACKGROUND: Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) suffer from the repetitive yawning and sleep problems. Yawning is observed in MS and other central nervous system disorders and yawning and swallowing may be controlled by the network of the brain stem. Therefore it is important to investigate the MS patients with various clinical and radiological locations in order to understand the role of brainstem on the yawning mechanisms. One hour polygraphic recording would be crucial method for this purpose, because it is easy to observe spontaneous yawning (SY) and spontaneous swallowing (SS) together with their electrophysiologic counterparts...
October 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Ádám István Hegyi, Péter Dusán Ispánovity, Michal Knapek, Dániel Tüzes, Kristián Máthis, František Chmelík, Zoltán Dankházi, Gábor Varga, István Groma
Plastic deformation of micron-scale crystalline materials differs considerably from bulk samples as it is characterized by stochastic strain bursts. To obtain a detailed picture of the intermittent deformation phenomena, numerous micron-sized specimens must be fabricated and tested. An improved focused ion beam fabrication method is proposed to prepare non-tapered micropillars with excellent control over their shape. Moreover, the fabrication time is less compared with other methods. The in situ compression device developed in our laboratory allows high-accuracy sample positioning and force/displacement measurements with high data sampling rates...
October 17, 2017: Microscopy and Microanalysis
Heidi A Waldorf
<p>The "Benjamin Button" effect inspired by the popular motion picture, is used to describe the goal of achieving a clearly younger and more attractive, yet still natural appearance utilizing noninvasive and minimally invasive therapies and procedures. Due to high patient demand for enhancement and rejuvenation of the face and body with minimal downtime, there is an ever-increasing number of companies developing products and devices, variety of indications, and field of practitioners offering them. Each option, including topicals, injectables, and devices, promises near magical results...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Sainan An, Xiaoping Feng, Yue Dai, Hongli Bo, Xiuqing Wang, Mu Li, John Zhuohao Woo, Xingmei Liang, Cheng Guo, Charles Xingchao Liu, Liping Wei
BACKGROUND: Mobile touchscreen devices are currently being used as speech-generating devices (SGDs) and have been shown to promote the communication skills, particularly the requesting skills of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who have limited spoken language. However, no augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) mobile app has been developed and evaluated in the Chinese language in Mainland China. METHODS: We developed an AAC mobile app, which is the first in Mainland China, to our knowledge, named Yuudee (Chinese name (xiaoyudi))...
2017: Molecular Autism
Roberto Zangróniz, Arturo Martínez-Rodrigo, José Manuel Pastor, María T López, Antonio Fernández-Caballero
This article introduces a new and unobtrusive wearable monitoring device based on electrodermal activity (EDA) to be used in health-related computing systems. This paper introduces the description of the wearable device capable of acquiring the EDA of a subject in order to detect his/her calm/distress condition from the acquired physiological signals. The lightweight wearable device is placed in the wrist of the subject to allow continuous physiological measurements. With the aim of validating the correct operation of the wearable EDA device, pictures from the International Affective Picture System are used in a control experiment involving fifty participants...
October 12, 2017: Sensors
Wonseok Kim, Sungmin Park, Kihong Kim, Sung Jae Kim
While the ion concentration polarization (ICP) phenomenon has been intensively researched for the last decade, a complete picture of ion and analyte distributions near nanoporous membranes is strongly desired, not only for fundamental nano-electrokinetic studies but also for the development of lab-on-a-chip applications. Since direct concentration measurements, using either time-consuming collection or microelectrodes, are limited due to low throughput (<nL min(-1) in typical micro/nanofluidic device) and Faradaic reactions, respectively, we measured the concentration changes of prefilled solutions in individual reservoirs in this work...
November 7, 2017: Lab on a Chip
Saverio Farsoni, Luca Astolfi, Marcello Bonfe, Savino Spadaro, Carlo Alberto Volta
Point of care ultrasonography and the related focused assessment with sonography for trauma protocol, if performed by experienced physicians, is a highly sensitive examination, and specific for the detection of free fluids. Different systems and methods have been proposed for training, including simulation as one of the most efficient. This paper presents an ultrasound training system, specifically designed to be used during bedside high fidelity simulation scenarios, that could facilitate the learning process...
2017: IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
Georges Trinquier, Jean-Paul Malrieu
As suggested by simple topological arguments, monoradical arrangements of properly-oriented polycondensed phenalenyl units can produce highly-delocalized spin distributions. This work examines under which geometrical conditions and to which extent these flat distributions take place. UDFT calculations performed on various instances gathering up to 19 such fused phenalene units confirm the spin-density spreading over entire conjugated skeletons. This occurs, however, with more or less uniformity depending on the compacity of the arrangement, and simple linear stretches do not actually support the delocalized picture...
October 18, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
László Jaksa, Tamás Haidegger, Péter Galambos, Rita Kiss
The laparoscopic minimally invasive surgical technique is widely employed on a global scale. However, the efficient and ethical teaching of this technique requires equipment for surgical simulation. These educational devices are present on the market in the form of box trainers and virtual reality simulators, or some combination of those. In this article, we present a systematic overview of commercially available surgical simulators describing the most important features of each product. Our overview elaborates on box trainers and virtual reality simulators, and also touches on surgical robotics simulators, together with operating room workflow simulators, for the sake of completeness...
October 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
Shelley L Craig, Lauren B McInroy, Sandra A D'Souza, Ashley Austin, Lance T McCready, Andrew D Eaton, Leslie R Shade, M Alex Wagaman
BACKGROUND: Sexual and gender minority youth are a population in peril, exemplified by their disproportionate risk of negative experiences and outcomes. Sexual and gender minority youth may be particularly active users of information and communication technologies (ICTs), and it is important to identify the potential contributions of ICTs to their resilience and well-being. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to (1) investigate the use of ICTs by sexual and gender minority youth, (2) identify the ways that ICTs influence the resilience and coping of sexual and gender minority youth, focusing on promotion of well-being through self-guided support-seeking (particularly using mobile devices), (3) develop a contextually relevant theoretical conceptualization of resilience incorporating minority stress and ecological approaches, (4) generate best practices and materials that are accessible to multiple interested groups, and (5) identify whether video narratives are a viable alternative to collect qualitative responses in Web-based surveys for youth...
September 28, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
Jeffer Eidi Sasaki, Brian Sandroff, Marcas Bamman, Robert W Motl
The use of motion sensors for measuring physical activity in multiple sclerosis (MS) has evolved with increasing research particularly during the past decade. Areas covered: This manuscript reviews the literature regarding the application of motion sensors for measuring physical activity in MS. We first describe 'what is known' about their use in MS by examining the evidence generated between 1997 and 2012, including the psychometric properties of motion sensors in MS and the development of MS-specific accelerometer cut-points...
October 18, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
Yuan Shi, Hong Qin, Nathaniel J Fisch
Large amplitude waves in magnetized plasmas, generated either by external pumps or internal instabilities, can scatter via three-wave interactions. While three-wave scattering is well known in collimated geometry, what happens when waves propagate at angles with one another in magnetized plasmas remains largely unknown, mainly due to the analytical difficulty of this problem. In this paper, we overcome this analytical difficulty and find a convenient formula for three-wave coupling coefficient in cold, uniform, magnetized, and collisionless plasmas in the most general geometry...
August 2017: Physical Review. E
N J Prat, J-L Daban, E J Voiglio, F Rongieras
Wounds due to gunshot and explosions, while usually observed during battlefield combat, are no longer an exceptional occurrence in civilian practice in France. The principles of wound ballistics are based on the interaction between the projectile and the human body as well as the transfer of energy from the projectile to tissues. The treatment of ballistic wounds relies on several principles: extremity wound debridement and absence of initial closure, complementary medical treatment, routine immobilization, revision surgery and secondary closure...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
Kirsten Lochbuehler, E Paul Wileyto, Kathy Z Tang, Melissa Mercincavage, Joseph N Cappella, Andrew A Strasser
The similarity of e-cigarettes to tobacco cigarettes with regard to shape and usage raises the question of whether e-cigarette cues have the same incentive motivational properties as tobacco cigarette cues. The objective of the present study was to examine whether e-cigarette cues capture and hold smokers' and former smokers' attention and whether the attentional focus is associated with subsequent craving for tobacco cigarettes. It was also examined whether device type (cigalike or mod) moderated this relationship...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
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