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Malocclusion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667470/long-term-skeletal-effects-of-high-pull-headgear-followed-by-fixed-appliances-for-the-treatment-of-class-ii-malocclusions
#1
E Erin Bilbo, Steven D Marshall, Karin A Southard, Verrasathpurush Allareddy, Nathan Holton, Allyn M Thames, Marlene S Otsby, Thomas E Southard
OBJECTIVES: The long-term skeletal effects of Class II treatment in growing individuals using high-pull facebow headgear and fixed edgewise appliances have not been reported. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term skeletal effects of treatment using high-pull headgear followed by fixed orthodontic appliances compared to an untreated control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Changes in anteroposterior and vertical cephalometric measurements of 42 Class II subjects (n = 21, mean age = 10...
April 18, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664335/maxillary-molar-distalization-with-miniscrew-supported-appliances-in-class-ii-malocclusion-a-systematic-review
#2
Roshan Noor Mohamed, Sakeenabi Basha, Yousef Al-Thomali
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the quantitative effects of miniscrew supported appliances for maxillary molar distalization in Class II malocclusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The systematic search included MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsychINFO, Scopus, and key journals and review articles. The date of the last search was January 30, 2017. Methodological quality of the retrospective studies was graded by means of the Quality Assessment Tool for Quantitative Studies, developed for the Effective Public Health Practice Project (EPHPP) and prospective studies by means of Newcastle-Ottawa Scale...
April 17, 2018: Angle Orthodontist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663035/short-term-dentoskeletal-changes-following-class-ii-treatment-using-a-fixed-functional-appliance-the-austro-repositioner-a-pilot-study
#3
M Dolores Austro, Encarnación González, M Angustias Peñalver, Domingo Pérez, José Antonio Alarcón
OBJECTIVE: Purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate the skeletal and dentoalveolar effects of a fixed functional appliance, the Austro Repositioner, in dolicho- and brachyfacial skeletal Class II patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In all, 20 dolicho- and 25 brachyfacial consecutive patients treated with the Austro Repositioner were compared with untreated controls (20 dolicho- and 20 brachyfacial patients) with the same initial dentoskeletal features...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663034/three-dimensional-skeletal-dentoalveolar-and-temporomandibular-joint-changes-produced-by-twin-block-functional-appliance
#4
Hanem Younes Elfeky, Mona Salah Fayed, Maged Sultan Alhammadi, Sanaa Abou Zeid Soliman, Dalia Mohamed El Boghdadi
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to three-dimensionally analyze the net skeletal, dental, and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) treatment changes using Twin Block functional therapy in comparison to untreated subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study (Twin Block) group comprised 22 female patients with skeletal Class II malocclusion due to mandibular retrusion. A total of 18 skeletal Class II untreated female subjects were included as controls. Skeletal, dental, and TMJ changes were evaluated using pre- and posttreatment/observational by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662706/assessment-of-occlusal-function-in-a-patient-with-an-angle-class-i-spaced-dental-arch-with-periodontal-disease-using-a-brux-checker
#5
Ayako Taira, Shiho Odawara, Shuntaro Sugihara, Kenichi Sasaguri
Comprehensive and appropriate occlusion reconstruction therapy is necessary for orthodontic treatment of adult patients with malocclusion with periodontal disease associated with occlusal trauma. We report the case of a patient with extensive moderate chronic periodontitis associated with occlusal trauma. The patient was diagnosed with extensive moderate chronic periodontitis associated with occlusal trauma and underwent thorough treatment for periodontal disease, oral management, and 20 months of orthodontic therapy...
2018: Case Reports in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657538/impact-of-malocclusion-severity-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-an-iranian-young-adult-population
#6
Kazem Dalaie, Mohammad Behnaz, Zahra Khodabakhshi, Sepanta Hosseinpour
Objective: This study aimed to assess the relationship between malocclusion severity and oral health-related quality of life (QoL) of 18 to 25-year-old Iranians who sought orthodontic treatment. Materials and Methods: A total of 126 patients between 18 and 25 years attending some private orthodontic clinics answered the oral health impact profile-14 (OHIP-14) and a demographic questionnaire. Two calibrated orthodontists recorded the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need-Dental Health Component (IOTN-DHC) determining the severity of malocclusion (Kappa = 0...
January 2018: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656026/bibliometric-study-of-articles-on-skeletal-class-ii-malocclusions-published-in-four-high-impact-factor-journals
#7
Lahcen Ousehal, Amal El Aouame, Nassiba Fatene, Laila Lazrak, Loubna Traiba, Papa Ibrahima N'Gom
OBJECTIVE: Perform a bibliometric analysis of the orthodontic literature on skeletal Class II malocclusions during the first decade of the 21st century. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective, observational, and comprehensive study ranging from January the first 2001 to December 31 2010, based on the articles published in four high impact factor orthodontic journals: Angle Orthod, OCR, EJO, and AJODO (Quotation Report Newspaper of the Scientific Information Institute)...
April 11, 2018: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655410/non-orthodontic-intervention-and-non-nutritive-sucking-behaviours-a-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
Liyana Tanny, Boyen Huang, Noel Ye Naung, Geoffrey Currie
Anterior open bite (AOB) is one of the most complex malocclusions to manage. AOB is caused by either by skeletal, genetic or environmental factors. Numerous treatment options are currently utilised to manage AOB. These vary from non-invasive behavioural shaping to orthodontic and surgical interventions. This paper reviews the available orthodontic and non-orthodontic interventions used in the management of AOB. The literature review was carried out using the PubMed search engine from the first of January 2000 to the first of June 2017...
April 2018: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651519/root-resorption-due-to-orthodontic-treatment-using-self-ligating-and-conventional-brackets-a-cone-beam-computed-tomography-study
#9
Isil Aras, Idil Unal, Gencer Huniler, Aynur Aras
OBJECTIVES: Purpose of the present study was to compare external root resorption (ERR) volumetrically in maxillary incisors induced by orthodontic treatment using self-ligating brackets (Damon Q, DQ) or conventional brackets (Titanium Orthos, TO) with the help of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A sample of 32 subjects, with Angle Class I malocclusion and anterior crowding of 4-10 mm, was divided randomly into two groups: a DQ group, in which self-ligating DQ brackets with Damon archwires were used; and a TO group, in which conventional TO brackets with large Orthos archwires were applied...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics, Fortschritte der Kieferorthopädie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650355/a-prospective-study-examining-the-effects-of-treatment-timing-in-the-management-of-mandible-fractures
#10
M J L Hurrell, M C David, M D Batstone
The ideal timing for treatment of mandible fractures has not been well established. The objective of this study was to analyse the effects of treatment timing in the surgical management of mandible fractures. A prospective evaluation of 215 continuous patients with a total of 359 mandible fractures was undertaken. Nine outcome variables were analysed in relation to treatment delay by logistic regression modelling: wound dehiscence, hardware exposure, local postoperative infection, malocclusion, trismus, nerve damage, fracture non-union, return to theatre, and radiographic outcome...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29645408/factors-associated-with-brazilian-adolescents-satisfaction-with-oral-health
#11
A G Rebouças, A M Cavalli, L Zanin, G M B Ambrosano, F M Flório
OBJECTIVE: To identify the sociodemographic, clinical and self-reported indicators of oral health associated with Brazilian adolescents' satisfaction with oral health. METHODS: Secondary data were used following the examination of 4,231 adolescents, aged 15 to 19 years, participating in a national oral health survey (SBBrasil 2010). The independent variables were grouped into demographics, predisposition/facilitation, oral health conditions and perceived dental treatment need...
April 12, 2018: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628758/effect-of-anterior-crowding-or-spacing-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Ali H Hassan, Nour M Hobani, Sara M Almokri, Nour M Almokri, Faiza G Alotibi, Ehab N Alshouibi
Introduction: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) involves many aspects such as chewing ability, sleeping, social interactions, self-esteem, and satisfaction with life and oral health. The increasing research interest in OHRQoL began only after the shortcomings of previous approaches of treating symptoms only and neglecting the patient's self-perception were revealed. Patients and methods: The current study design is a cross-sectional study of patients who attended King Abdulaziz University Dental Hospital (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) and King Saud University Dental Hospital (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625030/is-counterclockwise-rotation-with-double-jaw-orthognathic-surgery-stable-in-the-long-term-in-hyperdivergent-class-iii-patients
#13
Yasemin Bahar Acar, Necip Fazıl Erdem, Ahmet Hüseyin Acar, Ahmet Nejat Erverdi, Kemal Ugurlu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the long-term postsurgical stability of counterclockwise rotation of the occlusal plane (OP) in double-jaw orthognathic surgery in patients with hyperdivergent Class III malocclusion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study evaluated the postsurgical stability of orthognathic surgery in patients with skeletal Class III malocclusion and counterclockwise rotation of the maxillomandibular complex with an OP change of at least -2°...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624856/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-wits-and-riedel-in-adults-with-skeletal-iii-malocclusion-how-informative-are-they
#14
G R Oliver, K Grimes, N Pandis, P S Fleming
OBJECTIVES: To compare the relationship between Riedel and Wits appraisal in skeletal III malocclusions and to assess the effect of variation in the vertical skeletal measurements. SETTING AND SAMPLE POPULATION: One-hundred and twenty consecutive subjects with Class III malocclusions attending orthognathic clinics were analysed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lateral cephalograms were hand-traced under standardized conditions. Cephalometric measurements included Riedel analysis, Wits appraisal, A point/B point to Frankfurt plane (AF-BF) and vertical measurements...
April 6, 2018: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621081/odontogenic-keratocysts-as-first-manifestation-of-nevoid-basal-cell-carcinoma-syndrome-surgical-management-and-immunohistochemical-analysis
#15
Jessica Luana Dos Santos, Renata Zoraida Rizental Delgado, Greison Rabelo de Oliveira, Ana Lúcia Carrinho Ayroza Rangel
Nevoid Basal Cell Carcinoma Syndrome (NBCCS), also known as Gorlin syndrome, is a rare autosomal dominant disorder, with no gender predilection. Individuals with NBCCS are commonly diagnosed between 17 and 35 years old and can present multiple basal cell carcinomas scattered throughout the body, presence of recurrent and early-onset odontogenic keratocysts (OKCs) and skeletal abnormalities. This article describes a case of a 13-year-old white boy who referred complaining of facial asymmetry. Extraoral examination revealed volumetric increase displacing the nasal ala from the right side and extended to the zygomatic bone...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617755/soft-and-hard-tissue-changes-following-treatment-of-class-ii-division-1-malocclusion-with-activator-versus-trainer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Ghassan Idris, Mohammad Y Hajeer, Azzam Al-Jundi
Background: Increased awareness on the role of oral functions in the aetiology of Class II deformities has led to the wide spread of myofunctional training appliances as easy and possibly effective treatment for children with Class II malocclusion but their efficacy is yet to be proven. Objectives: To evaluate soft- and hard-tissue changes following 12 months of Class II division 1 treatment in growing patients with a conventional functional appliance (a modified Activator) versus a myofunctional Trainer system (T4K®)...
April 3, 2018: European Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613840/effects-of-palate-repair-on-cranial-base-and-maxillary-morphology-in-patients-with-unilateral-complete-cleft-lip-and-palate
#17
Xiyang Liu, Zhenqi Chen
OBJECTIVE: To identify the effects of palate repair on cranial base and maxillary morphology in patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) and to discover the relevance between cranial base and maxilla through cephalometric analysis. DESIGN: Retrospective. PATIENTS: Thirty-seven UCLP patients with operated lip (OL) and unoperated palate constituted OL group and were classified into 5 cervical vertebral maturation (CVM) stages. Thirty-seven UCLP patients with operated lip and palate (OLP) and 37 noncleft people with skeletal class I malocclusion were CVM- and sex-matched with the OL group as OLP group and control group, respectively...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609723/tooth-movement-associated-with-cpap-therapy
#18
Benjamin T Pliska, Fernanda R Almeida
We report on a rarely documented side effect-tooth movement-associated with positive airway pressure therapy. A 64-year-old woman presented to an orthodontic practice for evaluation of unexplained tooth movement and spaces opening between her anterior teeth. The patient recently received a diagnosis of mild obstructive sleep apnea, for which she had been using continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) delivered by a nasal pillows interface for the past 18 months. Follow-up questioning revealed that shifting of the teeth was first noticed in the months following the initiation of CPAP and the result of forward thrusting of the tongue during use...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603691/aligners-the-invisible-corrector-a-boon-or-bane
#19
Lodd Mahendra
The trend of clinical orthodontics has shown a palpable shift from conventional braces to innovative technologies like invisible aligners. Aligners are sequences of clear trays worn by patients to straighten their teeth. They were envisaged for the main purpose of esthetics, mainly directed toward self-conscious teenagers who otherwise would shy away from essential correction of malocclusion.
March 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602350/nonsurgical-correction-of-a-severe-anterior-open-bite-with-mandibular-molar-intrusion-using-mini-implants-and-the-multiloop-edgewise-archwire-technique
#20
Benedito Viana Freitas, Mayara Cristina Abas Frazão, Luana Dias, Pedro César Fernandes Dos Santos, Heloiza Viana Freitas, Jose A Bosio
This article reports the case of a 24-year-old man with a large anterior open bite, mild mandibular crowding, increased overjet, no passive lip sealing, and Angle Class I malocclusion. The treatment results were achieved by mandibular molar intrusion using 1.8 × 8.5-mm mini-implants (C-implants) inserted between the mandibular first and second molars bilaterally. A 2.5-mm molar intrusion and open-bite closure occurred within 8 months. The multiloop edgewise archwire technique helped to intrude the posterior teeth...
April 2018: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
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