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Malocclusion

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917456/acute-septic-arthritis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-derived-from-otitis-media-a-report-and-review-of-the-english-and-japanese-literature
#1
Shigeo Ishikawa, Tomoo Watanabe, Mitsuyoshi Iino
Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (SATMJ) is an extremely rare disease with characteristic features of preauricular pain, swelling, redness, and malocclusion. The present report describes a case of SATMJ derived from otitis media, which resulted in a good outcome. We also reviewed the English and Japanese literature with special interest in etiology. It is generally agreed that contiguous or distant infection and trauma are common etiological factors of SATMJ. So far, these etiological factors are mainly discussed based on hypotheses rather than sufficient evidence...
December 5, 2016: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908555/dental-pathology-of-the-hoary-marmot-marmota-caligata-groundhog-marmota-monax-and-alaska-marmot-marmota-broweri
#2
J N Winer, B Arzi, D M Leale, P H Kass, F J M Verstraete
Museum specimens (maxillae and mandibles) of the three marmot species occurring in Alaska (Marmota caligata [n = 108 specimens], Marmota monax [n = 30] and Marmota broweri [n = 24]) were examined macroscopically according to predefined criteria. There were 71 specimens (43.8%) from female animals, 69 (42.6%) from male animals and 22 (13.6%) from animals of unknown sex. The ages of animals ranged from neonatal to adult, with 121 young adults (74.4%) and 41 adults (25.3%) included, and 168 excluded from study due to neonatal/juvenile age or incompleteness of specimens (missing part of the dentition)...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Comparative Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903265/associations-among-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-subjective-symptoms-clinical-status-and-self-rated-oral-health-in-japanese-university-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Mayu Yamane-Takeuchi, Daisuke Ekuni, Shinsuke Mizutani, Kota Kataoka, Ayano Taniguchi-Tabata, Tetsuji Azuma, Michiko Furuta, Takaaki Tomofuji, Yoshiaki Iwasaki, Manabu Morita
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to elucidate the associations among self-rated oral health, clinical oral health status, oral health behaviors, subjective oral symptoms, and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in a group of Japanese university students. METHODS: Of 2051 participants, 2027 (98.83%) students received an optional oral examination and answered a questionnaire including items regarding age, sex, self-rated oral health, oral health behaviors, subjective oral symptoms, and OHRQoL [The Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP)-14]...
November 30, 2016: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901236/class-iii-malocclusion-with-maxillary-deficiency-mandibular-prognathism-and-facial-asymmetry
#4
Guilherme de Araújo Almeida
This article reports the clinical case of a female patient with history of unsuccessful orthodontic treatment. She presented with Class III malocclusion, mandibular and maxillary constriction, anterior crossbite and facial asymmetry resulting from laterognathism triggered by hyperactivity of the condyle revealed by vertical elongation of the right mandibular ramus. Patient's treatment consisted of orthodontic mechanics and two orthognathic surgical interventions with satisfactory and stable outcomes. This case was presented to the Brazilian Board of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics (BBO), as part of the requirements for obtaining the BBO Diplomate title...
September 2016: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901232/reliability-of-overbite-depth-indicator-odi-and-anteroposterior-dysplasia-indicator-apdi-in-the-assessment-of-different-vertical-and-sagittal-dental-malocclusions-a-receiver-operating-characteristic-roc-analysis
#5
Farheen Fatima, Mubassar Fida, Attiya Shaikh
Introduction: Differential diagnosis of skeletal and dental relationships is crucial for planning orthodontic treatment. Overbite depth indicator (ODI) and anteroposterior dysplasia indicator (APDI) had been introduced in the past for assessment of vertical and sagittal jaw relationships, respectively. Objective: The objectives of this study were to evaluate the reliability of ODI and APDI in overbite and Angle malocclusions, as well as assess their diagnostic reliability among males and females of different age groups...
September 2016: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901203/case-control-study-examining-the-impact-of-oral-health-problems-on-the-quality-of-life-of-the-families-of-preschoolers
#6
Ramon Targino Firmino, Monalisa Cesarino Gomes, Raquel Gonçalves Vieira-Andrade, Carolina Castro Martins, Saul Martins Paiva, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of dental caries, traumatic dental injuries (TDI), toothaches, and malocclusion on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of the families of Brazilian preschool children. A population-based, matched case-control study involving 415 pre-schoolers aged 3-5 years was conducted. The case (impact on OHRQoL) and control groups (no impact on OHRQoL) were matched for age, gender, and family income at an 1:4 ratio. Impact on the OHRQoL of a family was assessed using the Brazilian version of the Early Childhood Oral Health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS)...
November 28, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901201/evaluation-of-a-preventive-educational-program-for-malocclusions-7-year-study
#7
Beatriz Brandão Scarpelli, Sandrine Bittencourt Berger, Marília Franco Punhagui, Cássio Alexandre Zeri de Oliveira, Antonio Ferelle, Paula Vanessa Pedron Oltramari-Navarro
Results: 506 of the 802 guardians/children referred to the PPM joined. As for the children, the most frequently assessed habits were: bottle (56.1%), bottle and pacifier (18.4%), finger (11.9%), bottle and finger (7.1%), pacifier (5.7%), pacifier and finger (0.6%), and bottle/pacifier/finger (0.2%). After parent participation in the meetings, 335 (66.2%) children abandoned their habits. There was a statistical difference between type of oral habit and time to abandonment (p = 0.0001)...
November 28, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897086/pattern-of-clefts-and-dental-anomalies-in-six-year-old-children-a-retrospective-observational-study-in-western-norway
#8
Paul Sæle, Eirik Østhus, Sondre Ådalen, Elwalid F Nasir, Manal Mustafa
OBJECTIVES: Clefts of the lip and/or palate (CL/P) are the most common congenital disorders of the head and neck. In Norway, the incidence is 1.9/1000 live births. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and distribution of various types of clefts and dental anomalies in patients treated by the cleft lip and palate (CLP) team in Bergen, Norway. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The material comprised the records of patients 6 years of age, examined by the CLP team in Bergen from spring 1993 to autumn 2012, incomplete records were excluded...
November 29, 2016: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896214/a-case-of-severe-mandibular-retrognathism-with-bilateral-condylar-deformities-treated-with-le-fort-i-osteotomy-and-two-advancement-genioplasty-procedures
#9
Masahiro Nakamura, Takeshi Yanagita, Tatsushi Matsumura, Takashi Yamashiro, Seiji Iida, Hiroshi Kamioka
We report a case involving a young female patient with severe mandibular retrognathism accompanied by mandibular condylar deformity that was effectively treated with Le Fort I osteotomy and two genioplasty procedures. At 9 years and 9 months of age, she was diagnosed with Angle Class III malocclusion, a skeletal Class II jaw relationship, an anterior crossbite, congenital absence of some teeth, and a left-sided cleft lip and palate. Although the anterior crossbite and narrow maxillary arch were corrected by interceptive orthodontic treatment, severe mandibular hypogrowth resulted in unexpectedly severe mandibular retrognathism after growth completion...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895973/review-of-the-genetic-basis-of-jaw-malformations
#10
REVIEW
Mairaj K Ahmed, Xiaoqian Ye, Peter J Taub
Genetic etiologies for congenital anomalies of the facial skeleton, namely, the maxilla and mandible, are important to understand and recognize. Malocclusions occur when there exist any significant deviation from what is considered a normal relationship between the upper jaw (maxilla) and the lower jaw (mandible). They may be the result of anomalies of the teeth alone, the bones alone, or both. A number of genes play a role in the facial skeletal development and are regulated by a host of additional regulatory molecules...
December 2016: Journal of Pediatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895346/association-between-hypodontia-and-angles-malocclusion
#11
Batool Ali, Syed Sheeraz Hussain
This study was planned to determine the prevalence of hypodontia in permanent dentition and to test whether an association was present between hypodontia and Angle's malocclusion. The retrospective study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital, Karachi, and comprised record of all patients visiting the orthodontic clinics of the hospital from 2005 to 2015. Orthodontic records of 790(79%) subjects, including 189(23.9%) males and 601(76.1%) females, were reviewed. Their mean age was 17 ± 5.06 years. A tooth was considered missing if no evidence of tooth germ was observed on orthopantomograms and dental casts...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894549/quantitative-assessment-of-the-effectiveness-of-phase-1-orthodontic-treatment-using-the-american-board-of-orthodontics-discrepancy-index
#12
Nefeli Vasilakou, Eustaquio A Araujo, Ki Beom Kim, Donald R Oliver
INTRODUCTION: This retrospective study included a sample of 300 randomly selected patients from the archived records of Saint Louis University's graduate orthodontic clinic, St. Louis, Mo, from 1990 to 2012. The objective of this study was to quantify the changes obtained in phase 1 of orthodontic treatment and determine how much improvement, if any, has occurred before the initiation of the second phase. METHODS: For the purpose of this study, prephase 1 and prephase 2 records of 300 subjects were gathered...
December 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894548/effects-of-zygoma-gear-appliance-for-unilateral-maxillary-molar-distalization-a-prospective-clinical-study
#13
Dogan Kilkis, Mevlut Celikoglu, Metin Nur, Mehmet Bayram, Celal Candirli
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to evaluate the dentoskeletal effects of the zygoma-gear appliance used for unilateral maxillary molar distalization in patients with Class II subdivision malocclusion. METHODS: This prospective clinical study consisted of 21 patients (9 boys, 12 girls; mean age, 15.68 ± 2.18 years) with unilateral Class II malocclusion treated using the unilateral zygoma-gear appliance supported by a zygomatic miniplate inserted on the Class II malocclusion side...
December 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894547/comparison-of-advansync-and-intermaxillary-elastics-in-the-correction-of-class-ii-malocclusions-a-retrospective-clinical-study
#14
Santhosh Jayachandran, William A Wiltshire, Sandra M Hayasaki, Fabio H S L Pinheiro
INTRODUCTION: Our objectives were to compare the skeletal, dentoalveolar, and soft tissue effects of the AdvanSync appliance (Ormco, Glendora, Calif) with intermaxillary elastics in the correction of Class II malocclusions in growing patients. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted using lateral cephalograms of patients taken before and after comprehensive orthodontic treatment; 41 patients consecutively treated with the AdvanSync were compared with 41 similar patients treated with intermaxillary Class II elastics...
December 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894540/effect-of-supplemental-vibrational-force-on-orthodontically-induced-inflammatory-root-resorption-a-multicenter-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Andrew T DiBiase, Neil R Woodhouse, Spyridon N Papageorgiou, Nicola Johnson, Carmel Slipper, James Grant, Maryam Alsaleh, Martyn T Cobourne
INTRODUCTION: A multicenter parallel 3-arm randomized clinical trial was carried out in 1 university and 2 district hospitals in the United Kingdom to investigate the effect of supplemental vibrational force on orthodontically induced inflammatory root resorption (OIIRR) during the alignment phase of fixed appliance therapy. METHODS: Eighty-one subjects less than 20 years old with mandibular incisor irregularity undergoing extraction-based fixed-appliance treatment were randomly allocated to supplementary (20 minutes a day) use of an intraoral vibrational device (AcceleDent; OrthoAccel Technologies, Houston, Tex) (n = 29), an identical nonfunctional (sham) device (n = 25), or fixed appliances only (n = 27)...
December 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894525/canine-lateral-incisor-transposition-controlling-root-resorption-with-a-bone-anchored-t-loop-retraction
#16
Yu Lin Hsu, Chris H Chang, W Eugene Roberts
A 12-year-old girl presented with a Class II Division 1 malocclusion, complicated by a complete transposition of the maxillary left canine into the position normally occupied by the left lateral incisor. Dental and medical histories were noncontributory. Brackets were bonded on all maxillary teeth, from first molar to first molar, except for the left lateral incisor. Because the lateral incisor was not engaged on the archwire, the tooth was free to physiologically move out of the path of canine root movement...
December 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894524/defining-the-location-of-the-dental-midline-is-critical-for-oral-esthetics-in-camouflage-orthodontic-treatment-of-facial-asymmetry
#17
Risako Kai, Daisuke Umeki, Toshiko Sekiya, Yoshiki Nakamura
When considering camouflage orthodontic treatment of a malocclusion associated with significant facial asymmetry, it is important to define the location of the dental midline. The patient, a 19-year-old Japanese woman, had an anterior open bite and a dental midline discrepancy associated with facial asymmetry. A nonsurgical treatment plan was considered. The main treatment objective was to correct the anterior open bite and the dental midlines in both arches. The dental midline discrepancy was eliminated, and proper overjet and overbite were achieved...
December 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892450/orthognathic-surgery-for-the-correction-of-severe-skeletal-class-iii-malocclusion
#18
D Kafle, C Upadhayaya, N Chaurasia, A Agarwal
Skeletal Malocclusions results from the abnormal position of maxilla and mandible in relation with cranial base. These types of malocclusion are commonly treated by orthodontic teeth movement known as camouflage orthodontics. However severe skeletal malocclusions cannot be treated by orthodontics alone. Such cases need surgical intervention to align the position of the jaw along with orthodontic correction. This procedure is commonly known as Orthognathic Surgery. Orthognathic Surgery dates back to early eighteenth century but became popular on mid twentieth century...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891478/customized-modified-haas-palatal-expansion-in-mixed-dentition-a-case-report
#19
Ziauddin Mohammad, Sampath Reddy Cheruku, Sarada Penmetcha, Srinivas Namineni, Phani Himaja Devi Vaaka
The dental arch perimeter and transpalatal width are the most significant arch dimensions in the developing individuals. Its management during the primary, mixed and early permanent dentition are greatly important for the normal development of the dental arches and significantly improve the occlusion in adulthood. Malocclusion is a constant source of threat to the facial appearance. Severe anterior crowding and narrow maxillary arches adversely affect the smile, facial profile and consequently patient becomes handicapped socially as well as psychologically...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874919/kooperation-von-kieferorthop%C3%A3-die-kieferchirurgie-und-prothetik-bei-der-umfassenden-rehabilitation-von-dysgnathiepatientinnen-teil-1-fallbeispiel-klasse-iii-malokklusion-unterkiefer-schaltl%C3%A3-cken
#20
Dagmar Schnabl, Martin Brock, Wolfgang Puelacher
In a case report the stomatognathic rehabilitation of a patient with class III malocclusion and mandibular bilateral interdental gaps from the diagnosis and treatment planning through to the stepwise realization of the orthodontic, surgical and prosthetic treatment is presented. Explicit information about the proposed treatment, risks and the prospective outcome beforehand ensured the patient’s compliance during the extensive procedure.
2016: Swiss Dental Journal
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