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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315857/risk-factors-for-overweight-and-obesity-in-children-aged-2-6-years
#1
Meda Kondolot, Serpil Poyrazoğlu, Duygu Horoz, Arda Borlu, Canan Altunay, Elcin Balcı, Ahmet Öztürk, Mümtaz M Mazıcıoğlu, Selim Kurtoğlu
BACKGROUND: Understanding risk factors that may vary culturally can help improve preventive strategies for obesity. This is the first cross-sectional study aimed to determine the risk factors for overweight/obesity in children aged 2-6 years in a central Anatolian city in Turkey. METHODS: A total of 1582 children (1351 healthy, 231 overweight/obese) aged 2-6 years were included from the Anthropometry of Turkish Children aged 0-6 years database. Age, gender, birth weight, birth order, mother's age, mother's body mass index (BMI), weight gain of mothers during pregnancy, presence of gestational diabetes, breastfeeding duration, history of formula feeding, mother's and father's education, mother's job, monthly income, smoking at home and physical activity, sleep duration and duration of television (TV) watching of the children were evaluated as independent risk factors...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302247/symptomatic-fetal-type-cardiac-rhabdomyoma
#2
Seyma Kayali, Vehbi Dogan, Ilker Ertugrul, Senem Ouml Zg Uuml R, Utku Arman Ouml R Uuml N, Selmin Karademir, Nil Uuml Fer Arda, Murat Ko Ccedil
Rhabdomyomas are the most common primary cardiac tumors, especially seen during early periods of childhood. Fetaltype rhabdomyoma is a benign tumor described almost always in extracardiac locations. Although the natural history of the cardiac rhabdomyoma is to regress, the behaviour of the fetal-type rhabdomyomas when present in the heart is unknown with respect to its infrequency. Herein, we report a hemodynamically unstable female neonate with a single large intra-cardiac mass unresponsive to medical treatment, who underwent surgery...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291060/correlation-of-bowel-wall-thickening-seen-using-computerized-tomography-with-colonoscopies-a-preliminary-study
#3
Arda Isik, Mehmet Soyturk, Sakir Süleyman, Deniz Firat, Kemal Peker, İsmayil Yilmaz, Fehmi Celebi
PURPOSE: Bowel wall thickening (BWT) is a common finding in abdominal computerized tomography imaging (CTi). The purpose of the present study was a prospective assessment and management of patients who have BWT in abdominal CTi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted between January 2012 and July 2014 at Erzincan University Hospital, Turkey, with 64 patients who were admitted to the emergency and general surgery department. All of the patients had received colonoscopies due to BWT seen in abdominal CTi...
March 13, 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286545/erratum-to-iroa-international-register-of-open-abdomen-preliminary-results
#4
Federico Coccolini, Giulia Montori, Marco Ceresoli, Fausto Catena, Rao Ivatury, Michael Sugrue, Massimo Sartelli, Paola Fugazzola, Davide Corbella, Francesco Salvetti, Ionut Negoi, Monica Zese, Savino Occhionorelli, Stefano Maccatrozzo, Sergei Shlyapnikov, Christian Galatioto, Massimo Chiarugi, Zaza Demetrashvili, Daniele Dondossola, Yovcho Yovtchev, Orestis Ioannidis, Giuseppe Novelli, Mirco Nacoti, Desmond Khor, Kenji Inaba, Demetrios Demetriades, Torsten Kaussen, Asri Che Jusoh, Wagih Ghannam, Boris Sakakushev, Ohad Guetta, Agron Dogjani, Stefano Costa, Sandeep Singh, Dimitrios Damaskos, Arda Isik, Kuo-Ching Yuan, Francesco Trotta, Stefano Rausei, Aleix Martinez-Perez, Giovanni Bellanova, Vinicius Cordeiro Fonseca, Fernando Hernández, Athanasios Marinis, Wellington Fernandes, Martha Quiodettis, Miklosh Bala, Andras Vereczkei, Rafael L Curado, Gustavo Pereira Fraga, Bruno M Pereira, Mahir Gachabayov, Guillermo Perez Chagerben, Miguel Leon Arellano, Sefa Ozyazici, Gianluca Costa, Tugan Tezcaner, Luca Ansaloni
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s13017-017-0123-8.].
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270737/comparison-of-comfort-and-effectiveness-of-total-face-mask-and-oronasal-mask-in-noninvasive-positive-pressure-ventilation-in-patients-with-acute-respiratory-failure-a-clinical-trial
#5
Somayeh Sadeghi, Atefeh Fakharian, Peiman Nasri, Arda Kiani
Background. There is a growing controversy about the use of oronasal masks (ONM) or total facemask (TFM) in noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV), so we designed a trial to compare the uses of these two masks in terms of effectiveness and comfort. Methods. Between February and November 2014, a total of 48 patients with respiratory failure were studied. Patients were randomized to receive NPPV via ONM or TFM. Data were recorded at 60 minutes and six and 24 hours after intervention. Patient comfort was assessed using a questionnaire...
2017: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266899/the-blue-lotus-flower-nymphea-caerulea-resin-used-in-a-new-type-of-electronic-cigarette-the-re-buildable-dripping-atomizer
#6
Justin L Poklis, Haley A Mulder, Matthew S Halquist, Carl E Wolf, Alphonse Poklis, Michelle R Peace
The blue lotus flower (Nymphea caerulea) is an Egyptian water lily containing apomorphine and nuciferine. Apomorphine has been described as a psychoactive alkaloid and is a non-selective dopamine agonist primarily used to treat Parkinson's disease as it stimulates dopamine receptors and improves motor function. Nuciferine is an alkaloid associated with dopamine receptor blockade. Today, blue lotus flower is used as a sleep aid and anxiety reliever. The rebuildable dripping atomizer (RDA) is an electronic cigarette that allows direct application of an e-liquid onto the coil in the atomizer for aerosolization, compared to a typical electronic cigarette where the e-liquid is wicked from a storage vessel to the coil...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245722/the-epidemiological-investigation-and-control-of-an-anthrax-outbreak-in-a-village-in-central-anatolia-turkey
#7
Hayati Demiraslan, Arda Borlu, Serkan Sahin, Fatih Buyuk, Yunus Karadag, Mehmet Doganay, Mitat Sahin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243865/a-new-medical-image-watermarking-technique-with-finer-tamper-localization
#8
Arda Ustubioglu, Guzin Ulutas
Medical imaging and information management systems require transmission of medical images over the Internet. Many image watermarking techniques have been proposed in recent years to ensure the integrity and authenticity of medical images transferred over insecure networks. In this work, we propose a new medical image watermarking technique to detect tampered regions on medical images with finer accuracy by authenticating 4 × 4 blocks and without restricting region of interest (ROI) size. The proposed method can mark a 4 × 4 pixel block if it has even one tampered pixel, while similar methods (which have no ROI size restriction) mark 8 × 8, 16 × 16, and 40 × 40 pixel blocks...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239409/iroa-international-register-of-open-abdomen-preliminary-results
#9
Federico Coccolini, Giulia Montori, Marco Ceresoli, Fausto Catena, Rao Ivatury, Michael Sugrue, Massimo Sartelli, Paola Fugazzola, Davide Corbella, Francesco Salvetti, Ionut Negoi, Monica Zese, Savino Occhionorelli, Stefano Maccatrozzo, Sergei Shlyapnikov, Christian Galatioto, Massimo Chiarugi, Zaza Demetrashvili, Daniele Dondossola, Yovcho Yovtchev, Orestis Ioannidis, Giuseppe Novelli, Mirco Nacoti, Desmond Khor, Kenji Inaba, Demetrios Demetriades, Torsten Kaussen, Asri Che Jusoh, Wagih Ghannam, Boris Sakakushev, Ohad Guetta, Agron Dogjani, Stefano Costa, Sandeep Singh, Dimitrios Damaskos, Arda Isik, Kuo-Ching Yuan, Francesco Trotta, Stefano Rausei, Aleix Martinez-Perez, Giovanni Bellanova, Vinicius Cordeiro Fonseca, Fernando Hernández, Athanasios Marinis, Wellington Fernandes, Martha Quiodettis, Miklosh Bala, Andras Vereczkei, Rafael L Curado, Gustavo Pereira Fraga, Bruno M Pereira, Mahir Gachabayov, Guillermo Perez Chagerben, Miguel Leon Arellano, Sefa Ozyazici, Gianluca Costa, Tugan Tezcaner, Luca Ansaloni
BACKGROUND: No definitive data about open abdomen (OA) epidemiology and outcomes exist. The World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES) and the Panamerican Trauma Society (PTS) promoted the International Register of Open Abdomen (IROA). METHODS: A prospective observational cohort study including patients with an OA treatment. Data were recorded on a web platform (Clinical Registers®) through a dedicated website: www.clinicalregisters.org. RESULTS: Four hundred two patients enrolled...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229525/bilateral-thalamic-lesions-a-pictorial-review
#10
Anıl Özgür, Kaan Esen, Hakan Kaleağası, Arda Yılmaz, Engin Kara, Altan Yıldız
Bithalamic lesions are uncommon, however, both focal and systemic disorders may present bilateral abnormalities in the thalamus in different acute and chronic clinical situations. Neuroimaging, in particular magnetic resonance imaging, plays an essential role in diagnostic approach. Imaging features such as signal alterations, diffusion restriction or contrast enhancement are helpful in characterization of these abnormalities. The location of the lesions may provide key information because some pathologies typically involve a certain part of the thalamus...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215157/glycans-in-infectious-diseases-a-molecular-recognition-perspective
#11
Luca Unione, Ana Gimeno, Pablo Valverde, Ilaria Calloni, Helena Coelho, Stefania Mirabella, Ana Poveda, Ana Arda, Jesús Jiménez-Barbero
The importance of glycans in infection processes has been demonstrated during the past few years. Indeed, it is today a hot topic with diverse branches and perspectives. The field is therefore attracting increased attention and it is expected that will provide spectacular developments. In this non-exhaustive review, we have focused on the molecular recognition aspects that involve the participation of glycans in different infection processes of paramount importance, with special attention to the applications of NMR spectroscopy and other biophysical techniques...
February 16, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196706/the-role-of-cell-cycle-progression-for-the-apoptosis-of-cancer-cells-induced-by-palladium-ii-saccharinate-complexes-of-terpyridine
#12
Omer Kacar, Buse Cevatemre, Ibrahim Hatipoglu, Nazli Arda, Engin Ulukaya, Veysel T Yilmaz, Ceyda Acilan
OBJECTIVES: Palladium complexes are potent and less toxic molecules in comparison to other metal based agents. Here, we characterized two palladium(II) saccharinate complexes with terpyridine for their cell cycle specificity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cells were arrested at G1, G1/S boundary or mitosis using mimosine, double-Thymidine block, aphidicolin, nocodazole or colcemid, and evaluated based on morphology and flow cytometry. Synchronized cells were treated with the Pd(II) complexes, and viability was measured via MTT assay...
January 31, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194064/therapeutic-plasma-exchange-in-patients-with-neurologic-disorders-review-of-63-cases
#13
Anil Tombak, Mehmet Ali Uçar, Aydan Akdeniz, Arda Yilmaz, Hakan Kaleagası, Mehmet Ali Sungur, Eyup Naci Tiftik
Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) is a procedure that reduces circulating autoantibodies of the patients. TPE is commonly used in neurological disorders where autoimmunity plays a major role. We report our experience with regard to the indications, adverse events and outcomes of plasma exchange in neurological disorders. Sixty-three patients were included to this retrospective study. Median age was 48 years (range 1-85), there was a predominance of males. Neurological indications included Guillain-Barrè syndrome (n = 22), myasthenia gravis (n = 21), chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (n = 7), polymyositis (n = 3), multifocal motor neuropathy (n = 2), acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (n = 2), neuromyelitis optica (n = 2), multiple sclerosis (n = 2), limbic encephalitis (n = 1) and transverse myelitis (n = 1)...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192664/nmr-and-molecular-recognition-of-n-glycans-remote-modifications-of-the-saccharide-chain-modulate-binding-features
#14
Ana Gimeno, Niels-Christian Reichardt, F Javier Cañada, Lukas Perkams, Carlo Unverzagt, Jesús Jiménez-Barbero, Ana Ardá
Glycans play a key role as recognition elements in the communication of cells and other organisms. Thus, the analysis of carbohydrate-protein interactions has gained significant importance. In particular, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) techniques are considered powerful tools to detect relevant features in the interaction between sugars and their natural receptors. Here, we present the results obtained in the study on the molecular recognition of different mannose-containing glycans by Pisum sativum agglutinin...
March 3, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185803/a-new-apparatus-for-standardization-of-experimental-burn-models
#15
Mehmet Surhan Arda, Atacan Emre Koçman, Erdem Söztutar, Bedri Baksan, Cengiz Çetin
BACKGROUND: Burns have severe economic burden for families and countries therefore its treatment modalities have utmost importance. Several study both experimental or clinic has been reported accordingly. Although contact burns were frequently used models, most of them were manually designed. The elapsed time was recorded only. However, the real time contact surface temperature (T) and weight force (WF) were fundamental characteristics of a burn model. The aim of this study is to create a standard burn model with recording real time variables on behalf of custom designed apparatus...
February 6, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168067/necrotizing-liver-granuloma-abscess-and-constrictive-aspergillosis-pericarditis-with-central-nervous-system-involvement-different-remarkable-phenotypes-in-different-chronic-granulomatous-disease-genotypes
#16
Sanem Eren Akarcan, Neslihan Karaca, Guzide Aksu, Halil Bozkaya, Mehmet Fatih Ayik, Yasemin Ozdemir Sahan, Mehmet Arda Kilinc, Zafer Dokumcu, Cenk Eraslan, Emre Divarci, Hudaver Alper, Necil Kutukculer
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is a primary immune deficiency causing predisposition to infections with specific microorganisms, Aspergillus species and Staphylococcus aureus being the most common ones. A 16-year-old boy with a mutation in CYBB gene coding gp91(phox) protein (X-linked disease) developed a liver abscess due to Staphylococcus aureus. In addition to medical therapy, surgical treatment was necessary for the management of the disease. A 30-month-old girl with an autosomal recessive form of chronic granulomatous disease (CYBA gene mutation affecting p22(phox) protein) had invasive aspergillosis causing pericarditis, pulmonary abscess, and central nervous system involvement...
2017: Case Reports in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157957/towards-chip-scale-optical-frequency-synthesis-based-on-optical-heterodyne-phase-locked-loop
#17
Shamsul Arafin, Arda Simsek, Seong-Kyun Kim, Sarvagya Dwivedi, Wei Liang, Danny Eliyahu, Jonathan Klamkin, Andrey Matsko, Leif Johansson, Lute Maleki, Mark Rodwell, Larry Coldren
An integrated heterodyne optical phase-locked loop was designed and demonstrated with an indium phosphide based photonic integrated circuit and commercial off-the-shelf electronic components. As an input reference, a stable microresonator-based optical frequency comb with a 50-dB span of 25 nm (~3 THz) around 1550 nm, having a spacing of ~26 GHz, was used. A widely-tunable on-chip sampled-grating distributed-Bragg-reflector laser is offset locked across multiple comb lines. An arbitrary frequency synthesis between the comb lines is demonstrated by tuning the RF offset source, and better than 100Hz tuning resolution with ± 5 Hz accuracy is obtained...
January 23, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132513/empowerment-and-social-support-as-predictors-of-self-care-behaviors-and-glycemic-control-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes
#18
Hamdiye Arda Sürücü, Dilek Büyükkaya Besen, Elif Yeter Erbil
This study investigated empowerment, social support, and diabetes-related characteristics as predictors of self-care behaviors and glycemic control in individuals with type 2 diabetes in Turkey. Descriptive cross-sectional and relational research designs were used in this study. The study was carried out with a cohort of 220 individuals with type 2 diabetes. Linear regression analysis revealed that patient empowerment was a statistically significant predictor of diet (β = .30; p < .001), exercise (β = ...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124793/fluoroacetamide-moieties-as-nmr-spectroscopy-probes-for-the-molecular-recognition-of-glcnac-containing-sugars-modulation-of-the-ch-%C3%AF-stacking-interactions-by-different-fluorination-patterns
#19
Luca Unione, Maria Alcalá, Begoña Echeverria, Sonia Serna, Ana Ardá, Antonio Franconetti, F Javier Cañada, Tammo Diercks, Niels Reichardt, Jesús Jiménez-Barbero
We herein propose the use of fluoroacetamide and difluoroacetamide moieties as sensitive tags for the detection of sugar-protein interactions by simple (1) H and/or (19) F NMR spectroscopy methods. In this process, we have chosen the binding of N,N'-diacetyl chitobiose, a ubiquitous disaccharide fragment in glycoproteins, by wheat-germ agglutinin (WGA), a model lectin. By using saturation-transfer difference (STD)-NMR spectroscopy, we experimentally demonstrate that, under solution conditions, the molecule that contained the CHF2 CONH- moiety is the stronger aromatic binder, followed by the analogue with the CH2 FCONH- group and the natural molecule (with the CH3 CONH- fragment)...
January 26, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108375/the-role-of-pattern-recognition-receptors-in-lung-sarcoidosis
#20
Esmaeil Mortaz, Ian M Adcock, Atefhe Abedini, Arda Kiani, Mehdi Kazempour-Dizaji, Masoud Movassaghi, Johan Garssen
Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disorder of unknown etiology. Infection, genetic factors, autoimmunity and an aberrant innate immune system have been explored as potential causes of sarcoidosis. The etiology of sarcoidosis remains unknown, and it is thought that it might be caused by an infectious agent in a genetically predisposed, susceptible host. Inflammation results from recognition of evolutionarily conserved structures of pathogens (Pathogen-associated molecular patterns, PAMPs) and/or from reaction to tissue damage associated patterns (DAMPs) through recognition by a limited number of germ line-encoded pattern recognition receptors (PRRs)...
January 17, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
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