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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691045/pharyngocutaneous-fistula-as-an-alternative-access-route-for-inserting-a-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-tube-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#1
Louise Deluiz Verdolin Di Palma, Gustavo Francisco de Souza E Mello, Cindy Lis Granados, Ricardo Dardengo Glória, Caroline Sauter Dalbem, Rolantre Lopes da Cruz, Ana Carolina Maron Ayres, Renata Sofia Camara Lisboa, Alexandre Dias Pelosi, Maria Aparecida Ferreira, Gilberto Reynaldo Mansur, Simone Guaraldi da Silva, Theresa Christina Damian Ribeiro, Fernando Luiz Dias
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS:  Performing a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients can be challenging because of the presence of trismus, pharyngeal obstruction by tumor, and pharyngoesophageal strictures or fistula. Pharyngocutaneous fistula (PCF) is a major postoperative concern in patients submitted to total laryngectomy (TL). In the medical literature to date, the cervical fistula has been used as an access to PEG in only four reports. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of cervical fistula for insertion of a PEG tube...
July 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688679/long-term-toxicities-in-10-year-survivors-of-radiation-treatment-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#2
Yanqun Dong, John A Ridge, Tianyu Li, Miriam N Lango, Thomas M Churilla, Jessica R Bauman, Thomas J Galloway
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the recognized but poorly understood long-term toxicities of radiation therapy (RT) for head and neck cancer (HNC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated patients treated with curative-intent RT for HNC between 1990 and 2005 at a single institution with systematic multidisciplinary follow-up ≥10years. Long-term toxicities of the upper aerodigestive tract were recorded and assigned to two broad categories: pharyngeal-laryngeal and oral cavity toxicity...
August 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682557/-primary-pharynx-synovial-sarcoma-a-case-report
#3
Cui Qingying, Zhang Youmei, Fu Shuai, Zhang Changbin, Li Ming
A case of primary pharynx synovial sarcoma was reported in this paper. A 15-year-old male patient experienced painless pharyngeal swelling that gradually proliferated for 1 month. Special examination showed an 8 cm × 4 cm × 3 cm tumor located in the left pharynx and the supratonsillar crypt. Imaging tests revealed an irregular mass on the left side of the oropharynx and an unclear boundary. Immunohistochemical examination yielded the following results: epithelial membrane antigen (+), cytokeratin (CK)19 (+), CD7(+), vimentin (+), CK10(-), E-cadherin (+), B-cell lymphoma-2 (-), CD2 (-), CD10 (-), CD138 (+), CD99 (+), leukocyte common antigen (+), and Ki-67 (20%+)...
April 1, 2017: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669164/application-of-the-weibull-distribution-with-a-non-constant-shape-parameter-for-identifying-risk-factors-in-pharyngeal-cancer-patients
#4
Haleh Aghamolaey, Ahmad Reza Baghestani, Farid Zayeri
Background: In its standard form, the parametric survival model assumes that the shape parameter is constant and the scaling parameter is not. This article focuses on how a model with a non-constant shape parameter could make differences in oncology studies and lead to more precise results. Materials and Methods: Online data for part of a large clinical trial conducted by the Radiation Oncology Group in the United States available online on UMass Amherst`s website were employed. The full study included patients with squamous cell carcinoma from fifteen sites in the mouth and throat, although only data on three sites in the oropharynx reported by the six largest institutions were considered here...
June 25, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651556/clinical-outcomes-of-transoral-videolaryngoscopic-surgery-for-hypopharyngeal-and-supraglottic-cancer
#5
Yorihisa Imanishi, Hiroyuki Ozawa, Koji Sakamoto, Ryoichi Fujii, Seiji Shigetomi, Noboru Habu, Kuninori Otsuka, Yoichiro Sato, Yoshihiro Watanabe, Mariko Sekimizu, Fumihiro Ito, Toshiki Tomita, Kaoru Ogawa
BACKGROUND: Transoral videolaryngoscopic surgery (TOVS) was developed as a new distinct surgical procedure for hypopharyngeal cancer (HPC) and supraglottic cancer (SGC) staged at up to T3. However, long-term treatment outcomes of TOVS remain to be validated. METHODS: Under a straight broad intraluminal view provided by combined use of a distending laryngoscope and a videolaryngoscope, we performed en bloc tumor resection via direct bimanual handling of the ready-made straight-form surgical instruments and devices...
June 26, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627988/pharyngeal-amyloidomas-variable-appearance-on-imaging
#6
C A Prause, Q Zhai, S M Weindling
Amyloidomas are rare tumor-like depositions of abnormally folded, insoluble proteins that may be seen in the setting of systemic amyloidosis or as isolated tumoral deposits. Focal, isolated amyloidomas carry an excellent prognosis whereas systemic amyloidoses do not. The ability to identify or suggest amyloidoma on imaging studies may help direct laboratory testing and eventual diagnosis. Amyloidomas involving the head and neck have been variably described from homogeneously T2 hypointense to iso-slightly hyperintense relative to skeletal muscle...
June 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534319/case-report-human-papilloma-virus-type-120-related-papillomatosis-mimicking-laryngeal-carcinoma
#7
Valeria Belvisi, Salvatore Martellucci, Anna Rosa Garbuglia, Cosmo Del Borgo, Stanislao Martellucci, Andrea Baiocchini, Anna Maria Manicone, Oreste Bagni, Claudio Maria Mastroianni, Andrea Gallo
INTRODUCTION: The relationship between human papilloma virus (HPV) and upper respiratory tract pathology was better understood in recent years and represents now an issue of particular interest in carcinogenesis and in immunocompromised host. We describe a case in which a rare genotype HPV-related papillomatosis mimics laryngeal carcinoma in an immunocompromised host. METHODS: A 54-year-old woman with a history of HIV-HCV coinfection and anal and laryngeal cancer successfully treated some years before was hospitalized for severe dyspnea, cough and dysphagia...
May 22, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526903/compartmental-tongue-resection-with-submental-island-flap-reconstruction-for-large-carcinoma-of-the-oral-tongue
#8
Sameh Roshdy, Mohamed Elbadrawy, Ashraf Khater, Islam A Elzahaby, Tamer Fady, Hend A El-Hadaad, Nazem Shams, Hany M Elbarbary
BACKGROUND: Tongue resection is a surgical challenge because of its adverse effects on language articulation, swallowing, respiration, the eventual quality of life, and poor prognosis of advanced disease. To date, the currently accepted standard treatment has been based on excision of the primary lesion with a 1.5-2-cm circumferential macroscopic margin. Compartmental tongue surgery (CTS) is a surgical technique that removes an anatomo-functional compartment containing the primary tumor...
May 19, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521469/licochalcone-e-induces-caspase-dependent-death-of-human-pharyngeal-squamous-carcinoma-cells-through-the-extrinsic-and-intrinsic-apoptotic-signaling-pathways
#9
Sang-Joun Yu, In-A Cho, Kyeong-Rok Kang, Yi-Ra Jung, Seung Sik Cho, Goo Yoon, Ji-Su Oh, Jae-Seek You, Yo-Seob Seo, Gyeong-Je Lee, Sook-Young Lee, Do Kyung Kim, Chun Sung Kim, Su-Gwan Kim, Mi-Ae Jeong, Jae-Sung Kim
The aim of the present study was to investigate licochalcone-E (Lico-E)-induced apoptosis and the associated apoptotic signaling pathway in FaDu cells, a human pharyngeal squamous carcinoma cell line. Treatment with Lico-E exhibited significant cytotoxicity on FaDu cells in a concentration-dependent manner. The IC50 value of Lico-E in FaDu cells was ~50 µM. Treatment with Lico-E increased the number of dead FaDu cells. Furthermore, chromatin condensation, which is associated with apoptotic cell death, was observed in FaDu cells treated with Lico-E for 24 h...
May 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501947/current-status-of-superficial-pharyngeal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-japan
#10
Ryoko Rikitake, Mizuo Ando, Yuki Saito, Seiichi Yoshimoto, Tatsuya Yamasoba, Takahiro Higashi
BACKGROUND: To investigate the status and treatment of superficial pharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma in Japan. METHODS: We analyzed all cases diagnosed between 2011 and 2013, as recorded in the national database of hospital-based cancer registries. We extracted data on patient sex, age, tumor locations, histology, presentation routes, initial treatments, and TNM stages. Additionally, we compared the characteristics of pharyngeal carcinoma to those of esophageal cancer...
May 13, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496456/swallowing-disorders-after-oral-cavity-and-pharyngolaryngeal-surgery-and-role-of-imaging
#11
REVIEW
Caterina Giannitto, Lorenzo Preda, Valeria Zurlo, Luigi Funicelli, Mohssen Ansarin, Salvatore Di Pietro, Massimo Bellomi
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma is the sixth most common cancer diagnosed worldwide and the eighth most common cause of cancer death. Malignant tumors of the oral cavity, oropharynx, and larynx can be treated by surgical resection or radiotheraphy with or without chemotheraphy and have a profound impact on quality of life functions, including swallowing. When surgery is the chosen treatment modality, the patient may experience swallowing impairment in the oral and pharyngeal phases of deglutition. A videofluoroscopic study of swallow enables the morphodynamics of the pharyngeal-esophageal tract to be accurately examined in patients with prior surgery...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457585/-the-parapharyngeal-adipose-corpus-surgical-anatomy-and-imaging
#12
V Colin, M Gavid, A Timochenko, J M Prades
The aim of this study is to define the parapharyngeal adiposis corpus (PAC) and its anatomical relationships originally described by P. Sebileau in 1892 to assess the potential clinical implications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seven frozen fresh cadavers were used, 3 of which after injection of latex neoprene colored in cervicocephalic arterial network. A MRI was performed in 10 patients without cervical pathology. The analysis was done on the frontal and transverse T1-weighted sections...
April 27, 2017: Morphologie: Bulletin de L'Association des Anatomistes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396659/disease-phenotype-and-outcome-depending-on-the-age-at-disease-onset-in-patients-carrying-the-r92q-low-penetrance-variant-in-tnfrsf1a-gene
#13
Estíbaliz Ruiz-Ortiz, Estíbaliz Iglesias, Alessandra Soriano, Segundo Buján-Rivas, Marta Español-Rego, Raul Castellanos-Moreira, Adrià Tomé, Jordi Yagüe, Jordi Antón, José Hernández-Rodríguez
BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) is an autosomal-dominant autoinflammatory disease caused by mutations in the TNFRSF1A gene. R92Q, a low-penetrance variant, is usually associated with a milder TRAPS phenotype than structural or pathogenic mutations. No studies differentiating R92Q-related disease in patients with pediatric and adult onset have been performed to date. OBJECTIVE: To analyze clinical features and disease outcomes in patients diagnosed with TRAPS associated with R92Q variant and to investigate differences between patients with pediatric and adult disease onset...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351586/epidemiology-of-oral-salivary-gland-and-pharyngeal-cancer-in-children-and-adolescents-between-1970-and-2011
#14
Shai Levi, Avraham Zini, Stuart Fischman, Rakefet Czerninski
OBJECTIVES: The age of oral and pharyngeal cancer patients has reportedly decreased over the last decade, but most of the peer-reviewed literature regarding oral and pharyngeal cancer in individuals 0-19years of age (Y) is limited to specific tumor sites and/or types, or a small number of cases. Our aim is to characterize oral, salivary gland and pharyngeal cancer (OSPC) in 0-19Y in order to improve knowledge of the disease in young individuals. METHODS: Data on OSPC between 1970 and 2011 was taken from the Israel National Cancer Registry, and included patient age, gender, tumor site and tumor type...
April 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315155/synchronous-triple-primary-cancers-of-the-pharynx-and-esophagus
#15
Seita Kataoka, Masami Omae, Yusuke Horiuchi, Akiyoshi Ishiyama, Toshiyuki Yoshio, Toshiaki Hirasawa, Yorimasa Yamamoto, Tomohiro Tsuchida, Junko Fujisaki, Kazuhiko Yamada, Masahiro Igarashi
A 72-year-old male with nausea and heartburn was found to have early pharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, superficial and advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma and early esophageal adenocarcinoma by esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Computerized tomography demonstrated left cardiac lymph node swellings. We prioritized the treatment for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, as this was the most advanced cancer among the triple primaries. The patient underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma followed by esophagectomy...
June 2017: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296741/a-cyclin-d1-positive-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-of-germinal-center-b-cell-like-subtype-in-the-right-tonsil-a-rare-case-report
#16
Changrui Jiang, Xiuying Shi, Chuifeng Fan
INTRODUCTION: Cyclin D1-positive tumor cells are commonly found in mantle cell lymphoma but they are very rare in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. CLINICAL FINDINGS/PATIENT CONCERNS: Here we present a rare case of cyclin D1-positive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in the right tonsil of a 50-year-old man. Computed tomographic imaging detected a mass, about 2.5 cm × 1.8 cm in size, in the left side of the oropharynx. DIAGNOSES: Microscopically, the tumor cells were located under the pharyngeal mucosa and diffusely arranged...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286736/overexpression-of-heparanase-attenuated-tgf-%C3%AE-stimulated-signaling-in-tumor-cells
#17
Tahira Batool, Jianping Fang, Uri Barash, Aristidis Moustakas, Israel Vlodavsky, Jin-Ping Li
Heparan sulfate (HS) mediates the activity of various growth factors including TGF-β. Heparanase is an endo-glucuronidase that specifically cleaves and modifies HS structure. In this study, we examined the effect of heparanase expression on TGF-β1-dependent signaling activities. We found that overexpression of heparanase in human tumor cells (i.e., Fadu pharyngeal carcinoma, MCF7 breast carcinoma) attenuated TGF-β1-stimulated Smad phosphorylation and led to a slower cell proliferation. TGF-β1-stimulated Akt and Erk phosphorylation was also affected in the heparanase overexpression cells...
March 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219168/-thyroid-adenoma-in-the-piriform-fossa-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#18
X T Huang, B Ma, M B Liu, Y Zhang, D L Huang, L Chen
Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics of case of thyroid adenoma in the piriform fossa, and review the literatures of the congentital thyroid gland abnormality. Methods: A 44-year-old male had foreign body feeling in his pharynx for 3 years. A mass in his left piriform fossa was detected by the clinical and imaging examination. Biopsy report that the mass was thyroid papillary carcinoma. The resection of tumor with partial back thyroid cartilage through lateral neck and pharyngeal approach was performed...
February 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178435/an-up-to-date-approach-to-a-patient-with-a-suspected-autoinflammatory-disease
#19
REVIEW
Merav Lidar, Eitan Giat
Autoinflammatory diseases (AID) are characterized by seemingly unprovoked self-limited attacks of fever and systemic inflammation potentially leading to amyloidosis. Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is the most common AID and therefore the most studied. Besides FMF, the other main hereditary AID are tumor necrosis factor-associated periodic fever syndrome (TRAPS), mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD), and cryopyrin-associated periodic fever syndrome (CAPS). These hereditary diseases result from a mutant gene that is involved in the regulation of inflammation, resulting in a characteristic clinical phenotype...
January 30, 2017: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154766/case-of-superficial-cancer-located-at-the-pharyngoesophageal-junction-which-was-dissected-by-endoscopic-laryngopharyngeal-surgery-combined-with-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection
#20
Kenro Kawada, Tatsuyuki Kawano, Taro Sugimoto, Kazuya Yamaguchi, Yuudai Kawamura, Toshihiro Matsui, Masafumi Okuda, Taichi Ogo, Yuuichiro Kume, Yutaka Nakajima, Andres Mora, Takuya Okada, Akihiro Hoshino, Yutaka Tokairin, Yasuaki Nakajima, Ryuhei Okada, Yusuke Kiyokawa, Fuminori Nomura, Takahiro Asakage, Ryo Shimoda, Takashi Ito
Aims. In order to determine the indications of transoral surgery for a tumor located at the pharyngoesophageal junction, the trumpet maneuver with transnasal endoscopy was used. Its efficacy is reported here. Material and Methods. An 88-year-old woman complaining of dysphagia, diagnosed with cervical esophageal cancer, and hoping to preserve her voice and swallowing function was admitted to our hospital. Conventional endoscopy showed that the tumor had invaded the hypopharynx. When inspecting the hypopharynx and the orifice of the esophagus, we asked the patient to blow hard and puff her cheeks with her mouth closed (trumpet maneuver)...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
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