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cesarean scar defects

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509317/morphology-of-the-cesarean-section-scar-in-the-non-pregnant-uterus-after-one-elective-cesarean-section
#1
Michał Pomorski, Tomasz Fuchs, Anna Rosner-Tenerowicz, Mariusz Zimmer
OBJECTIVES: A growing number of studies suggest that the incomplete healing of the CS scar in the uterus increase the risk of uterine dehiscence or rupture during subsequent pregnancies. Thus, the factors that affect wound healing should be evaluated. We aimed to determine whether the morphology of the CS scar in non-pregnant women after one elective CS was affected by the site of the uterine incision, uterine flexion, maternal age, and fetal birth weight. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 208 non-pregnant women were invited for participation in the study, but only 101 of them met inclusion criteria...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500899/hysteroscopy-in-the-treatment-of-uterine-cesarean-section-scar-diverticulum-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Anna Abacjew-Chmylko, Dariusz G Wydra, Hanna Olszewska
The aim of this paper is to review and to analyze the results of previous studies dealing with hysteroscopic treatment of postcesarean scar defects. A systematic review of publications indexed in MEDLINE/PubMed database identified a total of 11 studies dealing with resectoscopic treatment of postcesarean scar defect. The review was conducted in line with the Meta-analysis of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (MOOSE) guidelines and the PRISMA statement. In only few studies, patients were qualified for hysteroscopic surgery based on the measurement of the defect depth and thickness of residual myometrium above the pouch...
May 10, 2017: Advances in Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483506/laparoscopic-repair-of-a-symptomatic-post-cesarean%C3%A2-section-isthmocele-a-video-case-report
#3
Giorgio Aimi, Laura Buggio, Nicola Berlanda, Paolo Vercellini
OBJECTIVE: To describe our technique for laparoscopic management of post-cesarean section isthmocele. DESIGN: Surgical video article. Local Institutional Review Board approval for the video reproduction has been obtained. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A 36-year-old patient with a history of two previous cesarean deliveries. She complained of persistent postmenstrual spotting and chronic pelvic pain. At transvaginal ultrasound examination, a cesarean scar defect of 20...
May 5, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446937/laparoscopic-isthmocele-treatment-single-center-experience
#4
Michał Ciebiera, Magdalena Ciebiera, Magdalena Czekańska-Rawska, Grzegorz Jakiel
INTRODUCTION: A cesarean section is the most frequently performed surgery in modern obstetrics. In case of an incorrect wound healing process there is a risk of a persistent uterine wall defect. Nowadays, due to the high frequency of cesarean sections, obstetricians have to deal with the threat of uterine rupture due to pathological wound healing. It has been proven that isthmocele can cause abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB), pelvic pain (PP), and secondary infertility (SI), and can be a place of improper pregnancy placement...
2017: Wideochirurgia i Inne Techniki Mało Inwazyjne, Videosurgery and Other Miniinvasive Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430112/malignant-endometriosis-of-the-abdominal-wall
#5
Florin Graur, Emil Mois, Radu Elisei, Luminita Furcea, Mihaela Dragota, Toader Zaharie, Nadim Al Hajjar
Endometriosis is a disease represented by the presence of extra uterine endometrial tissue. It is a rare condition, and malignant transformation is seldom. We report a case with clear cell adenocarcinoma oncogenesis on abdominal wall scar that appeared after years of a caesarian section. After diagnosis, surgical treatment was performed twice, due to the fact that the margins were infiltrated with tumor cells, with replacement of the defect with a polypropylene mesh. The patient was cured and discharged with a favorable prognostic...
April 13, 2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420496/the-value-of-hysteroscopic-management-of-cesarean-scar-pregnancy-a-report-of-44-cases
#6
Ying Pan, Mu-Biao Liu
OBJECTIVE: With the incidence of cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) rising, the reports of serious adverse outcomes of it have increased gradually. The management of CSP remains an inadequately explored clinical field, and there is no consensus on it presently. The present study was performed to investigate the efficacy and safety of operative hysteroscopy in the diagnosis and treatment of CSP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-four patients with CSP underwent operative hysteroscopy for removal of scar ectopic pregnancy in our institution...
April 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268103/cesarean-scar-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Natalia Gonzalez, Togas Tulandi
A relatively new type of ectopic pregnancy is cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP). This is related to the increasing number of cesarean deliveries and the advances in imaging. There are 2 types of CSP: CSP with progression to the cervicoisthmic space or uterine cavity (type I, endogenic type) or with deep invasion of scar defect with progression toward the bladder and abdominal cavity (type II, exogenic type). The endogenic type of CSP could result in a viable pregnancy, yet with a high risk of bleeding at the placental site...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263751/single-versus-double-layer-uterine-closure-at-cesarean-impact-on-lower-uterine-segment-thickness-at-next%C3%A2-pregnancy
#8
Chantale Vachon-Marceau, Suzanne Demers, Emmanuel Bujold, Stephanie Roberge, Robert J Gauthier, Jean-Charles Pasquier, Mario Girard, Nils Chaillet, Michel Boulvain, Nicole Jastrow
BACKGROUND: Uterine rupture is a potential life-threatening complication during a trial of labor after cesarean delivery. Single-layer closure of the uterus at cesarean delivery has been associated with an increased risk of uterine rupture compared with double-layer closure. Lower uterine segment thickness measurement by ultrasound has been used to evaluate the quality of the uterine scar after cesarean delivery and is associated with the risk of uterine rupture. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the impact of previous uterine closure on lower uterine segment thickness...
March 3, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186617/sonographic-evaluation-of-surgical-repair-of-uterine-cesarean-scar-defects
#9
Michal Pomorski, Tomasz Fuchs, Anna Rosner-Tenerowicz, Mariusz Zimmer
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess the clinical outcomes of surgical repair of uterine cesarean scar defects with sonography (US). METHODS: Seven nonpregnant women with history of cesarean section and a large uterine scar defect were enrolled. The surgical repair was performed by minilaparotomy. The US assessment of the uterine scar was performed using a standardized approach at baseline, then at a first visit 2-3 days following the surgical intervention (V1) and at a follow-up visit 3 months later (V2)...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070914/risk-of-cesarean-scar-defect-in-single-versus-double-layer-uterine-closure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
Attilio Di Spiezio Sardo, Gabriele Saccone, Rebekah McCurdy, Emmanuel Bujold, Giuseppe Bifulco, Vincenzo Berghella
OBJECTIVE: A growing body of evidence suggests that the surgical technique for uterine closure influences uterine scar healing, but there is still no consensus about optimal uterine closure during cesarean delivery (CD). The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare the effect of single- versus double-layer closure on the risk of uterine scar defect. METHODS: MEDLINE, Scopus, http://ClinicalTrials.gov, the PROSPERO International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews, EMBASE and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched from inception of each database until May 2016...
January 10, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882763/effect-of-systemic-enzymotherapy-on%C3%A2-cesarean-section-scar-healing
#11
E Dosedla, A Grendelova, P Calda
OBJECTIVES: The aim of our study was to monitor changes in the healing of Caesarean section scars in patients using systemic enzymotherapy in comparison with patients not treated with systemic enzymotherapy (Wobenzym). METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in 60 primiparous women delivered by CS. We compared the following outcomes: scar thickness after the Caesarean section, dehiscence risk coefficient (DRC), severity of the Caesarean section scar defect, uterine cavity dilation, post-operative pain, C-reactive protein level and febrility...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865447/surgical-management-of-niche-isthmocele-uteroperitoneal-fistula-or-cesarean-scar-defect-a-critical-rebirth-in-the-medical-literature
#12
EDITORIAL
Camran Nezhat, Rebecca Falik, Anjie Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816234/gynecological-and-obstetrical-outcomes-after-laparoscopic-repair-of-a-cesarean-scar-defect-in-a-series-of-38-women
#13
Olivier Donnez, Jacques Donnez, Renan Orellana, Marie-Madeleine Dolmans
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate gynecological and obstetrical outcomes, as well as remaining myometrial thickness, after laparoscopic repair of a cesarean scar. DESIGN: Observational study and prospective evaluation of the remaining myometrium before and after repair. SETTING: Academic department in a university hospital. PATIENT(S): A series of 38 symptomatic women with cesarean scar defects and remaining myometrial thickness of less than 3 mm, according to magnetic resonance imaging...
January 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751422/can-the-final-sonographic-assessment-of-the-cesarean-section-scar-be-predicted-6-weeks-after-the-operation
#14
Erik Dosedla, Pavel Calda
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the sonographic characteristics of the cesarean section (CS) scar 6 weeks and 6 months after operation. We tested the hypothesis that the dehiscence risk coefficient (DRC) measured 6 weeks and 6 month after CS does not change. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective longitudinal study was conducted in 43 primiparous women delivered by CS. The thickness of the myometrium proximal and distal to the CS scar, and the thickness of the CS scar were measured transvaginally...
October 2016: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723075/when-and-how-should-we-treat-cesarean-scar-defect-isthmocoele
#15
Konrad Futyma, Krzysztof Gałczyński, Katarzyna Romanek, Aleksandra Filipczak, Tomasz Rechberger
The reported number of cesarean sections in Poland is approximately 30% and is associated with increasing number of early and late complications. The myometrial discontinuity at the site of previous cesarean section is known in the literature as "isthmocoele", "niche", "pouch" or cesarean scar defect. In most cases presence of isthmocoele has no clinical significance, but in some patients it may cause abnormal uterine bleeding, dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, pelvic pain or be associated with secondary infertility...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679250/saline-contrast-sonohysterography-for-the-diagnosis-of-cesarean-scar-defect
#16
P Capmas, E Giral, H Fernandez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678871/robot-assisted-laparoscopic-repair-of-a-cesarean-scar-defect-with-hysteroscopic-guidance
#17
E Robinson, A Yunker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591715/standardized-ultrasonographic-approach-for-the-assessment-of-risk-factors-of-incomplete-healing-of-the-cesarean-section-scar-in-the-uterus
#18
Michal Pomorski, Tomasz Fuchs, Anna Rosner-Tenerowicz, Mariusz Zimmer
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors related to the healing of a Cesarean uterine incision using the standardized ultrasonographic approach of scar assessment in the non-pregnant uterus. STUDY DESIGN: Measurements of the uterine scar were taken from 409 women with a history of at least one low transverse cesarean section (CS) with a single layer uterine closure. Residual myometrial thickness (RMT), width (W) and depth (D) of the triangular hypoechoic scar niche, D/RMT ratio and clinical characteristics were analyzed...
October 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544880/robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-treatment-of-residual-ectopic-pregnancy-in-a-previous-cesarean-section-scar-a-case-report
#19
Andy Schmitt, Patrice Crochet, Aubert Agostini
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe a technique of robotic-assisted laparoscopy of residual cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) and uterine defect repair. DESIGN: Video case report, with step-by-step explanation of the procedure (Canadian Task Force classification III) SETTING: CSP may be treated by different approaches including surgery and methotrexate. Successful methotrexate treatments avoid an emergency surgical treatment. In these cases a residual CSP often remains and should be removed in women who desire to conceive...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473332/prospective-evaluation-of-five-methods-used-to-treat-cesarean-scar-defects
#20
Xuyin Zhang, Mengyi Yang, Qing Wang, Jianliang Chen, Jingxin Ding, Keqin Hua
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate operative and nonoperative therapies for cesarean scar defects (CSDs). METHODS: A prospective study was conducted among patients who underwent treatment of CSDs at a hospital in Shanghai, China, between April 1, 2010, and December 31, 2014. Treatment included laparoscopy (group 1), vaginal surgery (group 2), hysteroscopy (group 3), combined oral contraceptives (group 4), and the levonorgestrel intrauterine system (group 5). RESULTS: Among 142 participants, 119 patients underwent surgical repair and 23 received nonsurgical (conservative) treatment...
September 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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