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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749080/cellular-and-genetic-models-of-h6pdh-and-11%C3%AE-hsd1-function-in-skeletal-muscle
#1
Agnieszka E Zielinska, Rachel S Fletcher, Mark Sherlock, Craig L Doig, Gareth G Lavery
Glucocorticoids are important for skeletal muscle energy metabolism, regulating glucose utilization, insulin sensitivity, and muscle mass. Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-dependent 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1)-mediated glucocorticoid activation in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) is integral to mediating the detrimental effects of glucocorticoid excess in muscle. 11β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 activity requires glucose-6-phosphate transporter (G6PT)-mediated G6P transport into the SR for its metabolism by hexose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (H6PDH) for NADPH generation...
July 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745831/osteopontin-is-linked-with-akt-foxo1-and-myostatin-in-skeletal-muscle-cells
#2
Peter P Nghiem, Joe N Kornegay, Kitipong Uaesoontrachoon, Luca Bello, Ying Yin, Akanchha Kesari, Priya Mittal, Scott J Schatzberg, Gina M Many, Norman H Lee, Eric P Hoffman
INTRODUCTION: Osteopontin (OPN) polymorphisms are associated with muscle size and modify disease progression in Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). We hypothesized that OPN might share a molecular network with myostatin (MSTN). METHODS: Studies were conducted in the golden retriever (GRMD) and mdx mouse models of DMD. Follow-up in vitro studies were employed in myogenic cells and the mdx mouse treated with recombinant mouse (rm) or human (Hu) OPN protein. RESULTS: OPN was increased and MSTN was decreased and levels correlated inversely in GRMD hypertrophied muscle...
July 26, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742227/melatonin-prevents-mitochondrial-dysfunctions-and-death-in-differentiated-skeletal-muscle-cells
#3
Sara Salucci, Michela Battistelli, Valentina Baldassarri, Debora Burini, Elisabetta Falcieri, Sabrina Burattini
Oxidative stress increase induces cellular damage and apoptosis activation, a mechanism believed to represent a final common pathway correlated to sarcopenia and many skeletal muscle disorders. The goal of this study is to evaluate if melatonin, a ROS scavenger molecule, is able to counteract or modulate myotube death. Here, differentiated C2C12 skeletal muscle cells have been treated with melatonin before chemicals known to induce apoptotic death and oxidative stress, and its effect has been investigated by means of morpho-functional analyses...
July 25, 2017: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742154/lipopolysaccharide-inhibits-myogenic-differentiation-of-c2c12-myoblasts-through-the-toll-like-receptor-4-nuclear-factor-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-and-myoblast-derived-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE
#4
Yuko Ono, Kazuho Sakamoto
BACKGROUND: Circulating lipopolysaccharide (LPS) concentrations are often elevated in patients with sepsis or with various endogenous diseases that are associated with metabolic endotoxemia. Involuntary loss of skeletal muscle, termed muscle wasting, is commonly observed in these conditions, suggesting that circulating LPS might play an essential role in its development. Although impairment of muscle regeneration is an important determinant of skeletal muscle wasting, it is unclear whether LPS affects this process and, if so, by what mechanism...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742140/short-16-mer-locked-nucleic-acid-splice-switching-oligonucleotides-restore-dystrophin-production-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-myotubes
#5
Vanessa Borges Pires, Ricardo Simões, Kamel Mamchaoui, Célia Carvalho, Maria Carmo-Fonseca
Splice-switching antisense oligonucleotides (SSOs) offer great potential for RNA-targeting therapies, and two SSO drugs have been recently approved for treating Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) and Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA). Despite promising results, new developments are still needed for more efficient chemistries and delivery systems. Locked nucleic acid (LNA) is a chemically modified nucleic acid that presents several attractive properties, such as high melting temperature when bound to RNA, potent biological activity, high stability and low toxicity in vivo...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732810/the-interaction-of-auraptene-and-other-oxyprenylated-phenylpropanoids-with-glucose-transporter-type-4
#6
Salvatore Genovese, Hitoshi Ashida, Yoko Yamashita, Tomoya Nakgano, Masaki Ikeda, Shirasaya Daishi, Francesco Epifano, Vito Alessandro Taddeo, Serena Fiorito
BACKGROUND: Glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) is firmly established to play a pivotal role in glucose metabolism and in particular in modulating the insulin-stimulated glucose transport in several tissues, such as skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. Stimulation of GLUT4 by insulin results in its translocation to the plasma membrane, activation of several kinases, and finally in a large glucose influx into cells. PURPOSE: In this study we investigated the modulating properties of four biologically active oxyprenylated ferulic acid and umbelliferone derivatives and of their unprenylated parent compounds on GLUT-4 mediated glucose uptake and translocation...
August 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731988/roles-of-mitogen-activating-protein-kinase-kinase-kinase-kinase-3-map4k3-in-preterm-skeletal-muscle-satellite-cell-myogenesis-and-mammalian-target-of-rapamycin-complex-1-mtorc1-activation-regulation
#7
Chu-Yi Guo, Mu-Xue Yu, Jie-Min Dai, Si-Nian Pan, Zhen-Tong Lu, Xiao-Shan Qiu, Si-Qi Zhuang
BACKGROUND Preterm skeletal muscle genesis is a paradigm for myogenesis. The role of mitogen-activating protein kinase kinase kinase kinase-3 (MAP4K3) in preterm skeletal muscle satellite cells myogenesis or its relationship to mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) activity have not been previously elaborated. MATERIAL AND METHODS Small interfering RNA (siRNA) interference technology was used to inhibit MAP4K3 expression. Leucine stimulation experiments were performed following MAP4K3-siRNA interference...
July 21, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731188/hispidin-rescues-palmitate%C3%A2-induced-insulin-resistance-in-c2c12-myotubes
#8
Jong Seok Lee, Jun Myoung Park, Sarah Lee, Hye Jin Lee, Hee-Sun Yang, Joohong Yeo, Ki Rim Lee, Byung Hyun Choi, Eock Kee Hong
Skeletal muscle serves an important role in the utilization of glucose during insulin‑stimulated conditions. Excessive saturated fatty acids are considered to be a major contributing factor to insulin resistance in skeletal muscle cells. The present study investigated the effects of hispidin on palmitate‑induced insulin resistance in C2C12 skeletal muscle myotubes via an MTT assay, glucose uptake assay, Oil‑Red‑O staining and western blot analysis. Hispidin reversed the palmitate‑induced inhibition of glucose uptake, and inhibited palmitate‑induced intracellular lipid accumulation...
July 20, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730161/isolation-culturing-and-differentiation-of-primary-myoblasts-from-skeletal-muscle-of-adult-mice
#9
Lubna Hindi, Joseph D McMillan, Dil Afroze, Sajedah M Hindi, Ashok Kumar
Myogenesis is a multi-step process that leads to the formation of skeletal muscle during embryonic development and repair of injured myofibers. In this process, myoblasts are the main effector cell type which fuse with each other or to injured myofibers leading to the formation of new myofibers or regeneration of skeletal muscle in adults. Many steps of myogenesis can be recapitulated through in vitro differentiation of myoblasts into myotubes. Most laboratories use immortalized myogenic cells lines that also differentiate into myotubes...
May 5, 2017: Bio-protocol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726959/association-of-cultured-myotubes-and-fasting-plasma-metabolite-profiles-with-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-type-2-diabetes-subjects
#10
Mohamad Hafizi Abu Bakar, Mohamad Roji Sarmidi
Accumulating evidence implicates mitochondrial dysfunction-induced insulin resistance in skeletal muscle as the root cause for the greatest hallmarks of type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, the identification of specific metabolite-based markers linked to mitochondrial dysfunction in T2D has not been adequately addressed. Therefore, we sought to identify the markers-based metabolomics for mitochondrial dysfunction associated with T2D. First, a cellular disease model was established using human myotubes treated with antimycin A, an oxidative phosphorylation inhibitor...
July 20, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725675/comparisons-of-elisa-and-western-blot-assays-for-detection-of-autophagy-flux
#11
Sung-Hee Oh, Yong-Bok Choi, June-Hyun Kim, Conrad C Weihl, Jeong-Sun Ju
We analyzed autophagy/mitophagy flux in vitro (C2C12 myotubes) and in vivo (mouse skeletal muscle) following the treatments of autophagy inducers (starvation, rapamycin) and a mitophagy inducer (carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone, CCCP) using two immunodetection methods, ELISA and Western blotting, and compared their working range, accuracy, and reliability. The ELISAs showed a broader working range than that of the LC3 Western blots (Table 1). Table 2 showed that data value distribution was tighter and the average standard error from the ELISA was much smaller than those of the Western blot, directly relating to the accuracy of the assay...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725008/methylglyoxal-and-advanced-glycation-end-products-insight-of-the-regulatory-machinery-affecting-the-myogenic-program-and-of-its-modulation-by-natural-compounds
#12
Mohammad Hassan Baig, Arif Tasleem Jan, Gulam Rabbani, Khurshid Ahmad, Jalaluddin M Ashraf, Taeyeon Kim, Han Sol Min, Yong Ho Lee, Won-Kyung Cho, Jin Yeul Ma, Eun Ju Lee, Inho Choi
Methylglyoxal (MG) is a reactive dicarbonyl intermediate and a precursor of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). The authors investigated the role played by AGEs in muscle myopathy and the amelioration of its effects by curcumin and gingerol. In addition to producing phenotypical changes, MG increased oxidative stress and reduced myotube formation in C2C12 cells. RAGE (receptor for AGEs) expression was up-regulated and MYOD and myogenin (MYOG) expressions were concomitantly down-regulated in MG-treated cells...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724742/the-myokine-irisin-is-released-in-response-to-saturated-fatty-acids-and-promotes-pancreatic-beta-cell-survival-and-insulin-secretion
#13
Annalisa Natalicchio, Nicola Marrano, Giuseppina Biondi, Rosaria Spagnuolo, Rossella Labarbuta, Immacolata Porreca, Angelo Cignarelli, Marco Bugliani, Piero Marchetti, Sebastio Perrini, Luigi Laviola, Francesco Giorgino
This study explored the role of irisin as a new pancreatic beta-cell secretagogue and survival factor and its potential role in the communication between skeletal muscle and pancreatic beta-cells under lipotoxic conditions. Recombinant irisin stimulated insulin biosynthesis and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) in a PKA-dependent manner, and prevented saturated fatty acid-induced apoptosis in human and rat pancreatic beta-cells, as well as in human and murine pancreatic islets, via AKT/BCL2 signaling...
July 19, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721582/mir-130b-3p-301b-3p-negatively-regulated-rb1cc1-expression-on-myogenic-differentiation-of-chicken-primary-myoblasts
#14
Jian Xue, Jingwen Xue, Ji Zhang, Dan Li, Lei Jiang
OBJECTIVES: To explore the roles of miR-130b-3p and miR-301b-3p which may regulate Rb1-inducible coiled-coil 1 (Rb1cc1) expression during myogenic differentiation of chicken primary myoblasts. RESULTS: After 4 days of myogenic differentiation, myotubes appeared and after 6 days the cells fused to each other and expression of MyHC could be detected by immunofluorescence staining. TargetScan and RNAhybrid 2.2 showed miR-130b-3p and miR-301b-3p were well complementary with the target site of Rb1cc1 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR)...
July 18, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717506/injectable-scaffold-materials-differ-in-their-cell-instructive-effects-on-primary-human-myoblasts
#15
Eva Kildall Hejbøl, Jeeva Sellathurai, Prabha Damodaran Nair, Henrik Daa Schrøder
Scaffolds are materials used for delivery of cells for regeneration of tissues. They support three-dimensional organization and improve cell survival. For the repair of small skeletal muscles, injections of small volumes of cells are attractive, and injectable scaffolds for delivery of cells offer a minimally invasive technique. In this study, we examined in vitro the cell instructive effects of three types of injectable scaffolds, fibrin, alginate, and poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)-based microparticles on primary human myoblasts...
January 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715871/improvement-of-mitochondrial-function-by-celastrol-in-palmitate-treated-c2c12-myotubes-via-activation-of-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#16
Mohamad Hafizi Abu Bakar, Joo Shun Tan
Compelling evidences posited that high level of saturated fatty acid gives rise to mitochondrial dysfunction and inflammation in the development of insulin resistance in skeletal muscle. Celastrol is a pentacyclic triterpenoid derived from the root extracts of Tripterygium wilfordii that possesses potent anti-inflammatory properties in a number of animal models with metabolic diseases. However, the cellular mechanistic action of celastrol in alleviating obesity-induced insulin resistance in skeletal muscle remains largely unknown...
July 13, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710412/exosomes-derived-from-pancreatic-cancer-cells-induce-insulin-resistance-in-c2c12-myotube-cells-through-the-pi3k-akt-foxo1-pathway
#17
Lantian Wang, Bo Zhang, Wen Zheng, Muxing Kang, Qing Chen, Wenjie Qin, Chao Li, Yuefeng Zhang, Yingkuan Shao, Yulian Wu
Prospective epidemiological studies have consistently suggested that pancreatic cancer-associated new-onset diabetes mellitus (PC-DM) represents a potential platform for early diagnose of pancreatic cancer (PC). Despite the studies performed, the mechanism behind this phenomenon remains ambiguous. In this study, we explored the effects of two types of exosomes released by murine pancreatic cancer and ductal epithelial cells on murine skeletal muscle cells. The results show that PC-derived exosomes can readily enter C2C12 myotubes, triggering lipidosis and glucose intake inhibition...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707296/ebp1-regulates-myogenic-differentiation-of-myoblast-cells-via-smad2-3-signaling-pathway
#18
Minli Yu, Huan Wang, Zhen Liu, Yinglin Lu, Debing Yu, Dongfeng Li, Wenxing Du
Regulation of skeletal muscle development requires many of the regulatory networks that are fundamental to developmental myogenesis. ErbB3 binding protein-1 (Ebp1) is involved in the control of myoblasts development in chicken. However, the expression and biological functions of Ebp1 in the progress of myogenesis are unclear. This study focused on determining the effect of Ebp1 on myogenic proliferation and differentiation using a primary myoblasts culture model. Ebp1 was found to upregulate in proliferating myoblasts and decrease at the early stage of myogenic differentiation...
July 13, 2017: Development, Growth & Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707279/sarcolipin-expression-is-repressed-by-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-c2c12-myotubes
#19
Nobuhiko Takahashi, Atsushi P Kimura, Sumiyoshi Naito, Mika Yoshida, Osamu Kumano, Takeshi Suzuki, Satoshi Itaya, Mitsuru Moriya, Masahiro Tsuji, Masahiro Ieko
Sarcolipin is a transmembrane protein expressed in the sarco/endoplasmic reticulum of skeletal and atrial muscles in large animals. Sarcolipin plays crucial roles in heat production through modifying the function of sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase, thereby being involved in thermogenesis and systemic metabolism. In skeletal muscle, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been implicated in several conditions, such as insulin resistance, muscle diseases, and hypo/hyper-contraction. Here, we investigated the effect of ER stress on sarcolipin expression in skeletal muscle cells, C2C12 myotubes...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707095/chronic-administration-of-myristic-acid-improves-hyperglycaemia-in-the-nagoya-shibata-yasuda-mouse-model-of-congenital-type-2-diabetes
#20
Tamae Takato, Kai Iwata, Chiaki Murakami, Yuko Wada, Fumio Sakane
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Previously, we demonstrated that myristic acid (14:0) increases levels of diacylglycerol kinase (DGK) δ, a key enzyme involved in type 2 diabetes exacerbation, and enhances glucose uptake in C2C12 myotube cells. Moreover, results from a population-based cohort study suggest that consumption of high-fat dairy products, which contain high amounts of myristic acid, is associated with a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Taken together, we hypothesised that intake of myristic acid reduces type 2 diabetes risk in vivo...
July 13, 2017: Diabetologia
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