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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115663/endogenous-annexin-a1-anxa1-modulates-early-phase-gestation-and-offspring-sex-ratio-skewing
#1
Cristina Bichels Hebeda, Isabel Daufenback Machado, Isadora Reif-Silva, Jusciele Brogin Moreli, Sonia Maria Oliani, Suchita Nadkarni, Mauro Perretti, Estela Bevilacqua, Sandra H P Farsky
Annexin A1 (AnxA1) is a glucocorticoid-regulated anti-inflammatory protein secreted by phagocytes and other specialised cells. In the endocrine system, AnxA1 controls secretion of steroid hormones and it is abundantly expressed in the testis, ovaries, placenta and seminal fluid, yet its potential modulation of fertility has not been described. Here we observed that AnxA1 knockout (KO) mice delivered a higher number of pups, with a higher percentage of female offsprings. This profile was not dependent on the male features, as sperm from KO male mice did not present functional alterations, and had an equal proportion of Y and X chromosomes, comparable to wild type (WT) male mice...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112458/review-detrimental-effects-of-alcohol-exposure-around-conception-putative-mechanisms
#2
Jacinta I Kalisch-Smith, Karen M Moritz
In western countries, alcohol consumption is widespread in women of reproductive age, and in binge quantities. These countries also continue to have high incidences of unplanned pregnancies, with women often reported to cease drinking after discovering their pregnancy. This suggests the early embryo may be highly exposed to the detrimental effects of alcohol during this periconceptional period. The periconception and pre-implantation windows which includes maturation of the oocyte, fertilisation and morphogenesis of the pre-implantation embryo, are particularly sensitive times of development...
November 7, 2017: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Biochimie et Biologie Cellulaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109081/vitamin-d-the-placenta-and-early-pregnancy-effects-on-trophoblast-function
#3
Ankana Ganguly, Jennifer Ann Tamblyn, Sarah Finn-Sell, Shiao-Yng Chan, Melissa Westwood, Janesh Gupta, Mark Kilby, Stephane R Gross, Martin Hewison
Pregnancy is associated with significant changes in vitamin D metabolism, notably increased maternal serum levels of active vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin (1,25(OH)2D). This appears to be due primarily to increased renal activity of the enzyme 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1α-hydroxylase (CYP27B1) that catalyzes synthesis of 1,25(OH)2D, but CYP27B1 expression is also prominent in both the maternal decidua and fetal trophoblast components of the placenta. The precise function of placental synthesis of 1,25(OH)2D remains unclear, but is likely to involve localised tissue-specific responses with both decidua and trophoblast also expressing the vitamin D receptor (VDR) for 1,25(OH)2D...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106428/modified-acellular-nerve-delivering-pmscs-improve-functional-recovery-in-rats-after-complete-spinal-cord-transection
#4
Ting Tian, Zhenhai Yu, Naili Zhang, Yingwei Chang, Yuqiang Zhang, Luping Zhang, Shuai Zhou, Chunlei Zhang, Guoying Feng, Fei Huang
Due to the poor regeneration capacity of neurons and the inhibitory microenvironment, spontaneous regeneration in spinal cord injury (SCI) remains challenging. Tissue engineering is considered a promising approach for enhancing the regeneration of SCI by reconstructing the inherent structure and improving the microenvironment. In this study, the possibility of engineering a nerve complex, which is constructed by acellular nerve delivering placenta mesenchymal stem cells (PMSCs), was assessed for the recovery of a transected spinal cord...
November 6, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070722/a-pronounced-uterine-pro-inflammatory-response-at-parturition-is-an-ancient-feature-in-mammals
#5
Victoria L Hansen, Lauren S Faber, Ali A Salehpoor, Robert D Miller
Regulating maternal immunity is necessary for successful human pregnancy. Whether this is needed in mammals with less invasive placentation is subject to debate. Indeed, the short gestation times in marsupials have been hypothesized to be due to a lack of immune regulation during pregnancy. Alternatively, the maternal marsupial immune system may be unstimulated in the absence of a highly invasive placenta. Transcripts encoding pro-inflammatory cytokines were found to be overrepresented in the whole uterine transcriptome at terminal pregnancy in the opossum, Monodelphis domestica To investigate this further, immune gene transcripts were quantified throughout opossum gestation...
October 25, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067442/wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway-in-trophoblasts-and-abnormal-activation-in-preeclampsia-review
#6
Zhan Zhang, Xiaofang Wang, Linlin Zhang, Ying Shi, Jinming Wang, Huan Yan
Preeclampsia (PE) is one of the most common types of hypertensive disease and occurs in 3‑4% of pregnancies. There are a number of theories on the pathogenesis of PE. Abnormal differentiation of the placenta may lead to failure of trophoblast migration, shallow placenta implantation and placental ischemia/hypoxia, followed by the subsequent occurrence of PE. The Wnt/β-catenin pathway is a canonical Wnt‑signaling pathway that regulates several biological processes, including proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis...
August 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056469/intrauterine-bakri-balloon-and-vaginal-tamponade-combined-with-abdominal-compression-for-the-management-of-postpartum-hemorrhage
#7
Yuna Guo, Renyi Hua, Shoufang Bian, Xianjing Xie, Jue Ma, Yanqin Cai, Suren R Sooranna, Weiwei Cheng
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to investigate the effect of Bakri balloon use and vaginal tamponade combined with abdominal compression for the management of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH). METHODS: This retrospective study reviewed cases of PPH in the International Peace Maternal and Child Health Hospital of China Welfare Institution in Shanghai, China from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2015. A single use of the intrauterine Bakri balloon was applied in some cases, and additional vaginal tamponade combined with abdominal compression (double compression) was applied in other cases...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030490/early-sex-dependent-differences-in-response-to-environmental-stress
#8
Serafin Pérez-Cerezales, Priscila Ramos-Ibeas, Dimitrios Rizos, Pat Lonergan, Pablo Bermejo-Alvarez, Alfonso Gutierrez-Adan
Developmental plasticity enables the appearance of long-term effects in offspring caused by exposure to environmental stressors during embryonic and foetal life. These long-term effects can be traced to pre- and post-implantation development, and in both cases the effects are usually sex-specific. During preimplantation development, male and female embryos exhibit an extensive transcriptional dimorphism mainly driven by incomplete X-chromosome inactivation. These early developmental stages are crucial for the establishment of epigenetic marks that will be conserved throughout development, making it a particularly susceptible period for the appearance of long-term epigenetic-based phenotypes...
October 13, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977597/tgf-%C3%AE-1-inhibits-human-trophoblast-cell-invasion-by-upregulating-connective-tissue-growth-factor-expression
#9
Jung-Chien Cheng, Hsun-Ming Chang, Peter C K Leung
Appropriate trophoblast invasion into the maternal endometrium is essential for successful human implantation and placentation. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF), also known as CCN2, is a matricellular protein that is expressed in the placenta. Interestingly, the CTGF expression levels in the placenta and serum from patients with severe preeclampsia or fetal growth restriction are higher than those from healthy controls. However, to date, the role of CTGF in the regulation of trophoblast cell invasion remains unclear...
October 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941881/historical-evolution-of-ideas-on-eclampsia-preeclampsia-a-proposed-optimistic-view-of-preeclampsia
#10
Pierre-Yves Robillard, Gustaaf Dekker, Gérard Chaouat, Marco Scioscia, Silvia Iacobelli, Thomas C Hulsey
Eclampsia (together with epilepsy) being the first disease ever written down since the beginning of writings in mankind 5000 years ago, we will make a brief presentation of the different major steps in comprehension of Pre-eclampsia. 1) 1840. Rayer, description of proteinuria in eclampsia, 2) 1897 Vaquez, discovery of gestational hypertension in eclamptic women, 3) In the 1970's, description of the "double" trophoblastic invasion existing only in humans (Brosens & Pijnenborg,), 4) between the 1970's and the 1990's, description of preeclampsia being a couple disease...
September 2017: Journal of Reproductive Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939480/hysteroscopic-removal-of-retained-products-of-conception-implanted-over-a-focal-area-of-adenomyosis-a-case-report
#11
Luis Alonso, Laura Nieto, Jose Carugno
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe a technique for hysteroscopic removal of retained products of conception (RPOC) implanted over an area of adenomyosis. DESIGN: A case report (Canadian Task Force classification III). SETTING: RPOC is an unfortunate complication that may occur after the resolution of a normal pregnancy; it is more common after early pregnancy termination or spontaneous miscarriage [1]. Immediate consequences of RPOC include persistent vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain, pelvic infection, fever, and dilated cervix...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913137/intra-cesarean-insertion-and-fixation-of-frameless-intrauterine-devices
#12
REVIEW
Ateş Karateke, Abdulkadir Turgut, Özkan Özdamar, Dirk Wildemeersch
Various contraceptive methods are available to postpartum women including hormonal and nonhormonal barriers, as well as injectable forms. Of all the available birth control methods, intrauterine devices (IUD) are felt by many to be the near-ideal form of contraception, and are recommended by advocacy groups, physicians, and gynecological organizations worldwide. Immediate postpartum IUD insertion deserves greater attention because it can provide immediate contraception, prevents repeat unintended pregnancies, and may serve to reduce the incidence or need for secondary cesarean delivery; however, insertion of conventional T-shape IUDs immediately post placenta delivery is limited by their high expulsion and displacement rates...
March 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892152/pharmacokinetics-of-chlortetracycline-in-maternal-plasma-and-in-fetal-tissues-following-oral-administration-to-pregnant-ewes
#13
K Washburn, V R Fajt, P Plummer, E Papastavros, J F Coetzee, L W Wulf, S Washburn
The purpose of this study was to determine if concentrations of chlortetracycline could be detected in fetal plasma or tissues after administering an oral dose of chlortetracycline (CTC; 500 mg/head/day) reported to be effective in controlling Campylobacter spp. abortions. Five pregnant ewes were administered 250 mg/head twice a day (total dose 500 mg/hd/d) for 7 days. On the beginning of day 7, intravenous catheters were surgically implanted or inserted into the fetus and dam. Plasma samples were collected from the ewe and fetus at various time points before and up to 36 hr after the last dose of CTC...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864983/epigenetic-influences-during-the-periconception-period-and-assisted-reproduction
#14
Akwasi A Amoako, Tamer M Nafee, Bolarinde Ola
The periconception period starts 6 months before conception and lasts until the tenth week of gestation. In this chapter, we will focus on epigenetic modifications to DNA and gene expression within this period and during assisted reproduction. There are two critical times during the periconception window when significant epigenetic 'reprogramming' occur: one during gametogenesis and another during the pre-implantation embryonic stage. Furthermore, assisted conception treatments, laboratory protocols and culture media can affect the embryo development and birth weights in laboratory animals...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864982/introduction-a-brief-guide-to-the-periconception-environment
#15
Alireza Fazeli, William V Holt
Definition of the periconception period is not an exact science and is probably somewhat arbitrary. One can define it as spanning the period from the final stages of gamete maturation until formation of the embryo and the stages of embryonic development and implantation. Hence, the periconception period includes periods when spermatozoa are in the female reproductive tract, oocytes are matured and ovulated into the oviduct, fertilization occurs and the embryo undergoes development. By definition the implantation process and the early stages of placenta formation are also regarded as a part of the periconception period...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833750/first-trimester-detection-of-abnormally-invasive-placenta-in-women-at-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Francesco D'Antonio, Ilan E Timor-Trisch, Josè Palacios-Jaraquemada, Ana Monteagudo, Danilo Buca, Francesco Forlani, Gabriella Minneci, Francesca Foti, Lamberto Manzoli, Marco Liberati, Ganesh Acharya, Giuseppe Calì
OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this systematic review was to ascertain whether ultrasound (US) signs suggestive of abnormally invasive placenta (AIP) are present in the first trimester. The secondary aims were to ascertain the strength of association and the predictive accuracy of such signs in detecting AIP in the first trimester of pregnancy. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and Cochrane databases (2000-2016) were searched. Only studies reporting the first trimester diagnosis of AIP that was subsequently confirmed in the third trimester either during operative delivery or by pathology were included...
August 21, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822072/cellular-and-molecular-oxidative-stress-related-effects-in-uterine-myometrial-and-trophoblast-decidual-tissues-after-perigestational-alcohol-intake-up-to-early-mouse-organogenesis
#17
Tamara Anahí Coll, Gabriela Chaufan, Leticia Gabriela Pérez-Tito, Martín Ricardo Ventureira, María Del Carmen Ríos de Molina, Elisa Cebral
The placenta plays a major role in embryo-fetal defects and intrauterine growth retardation after maternal alcohol consumption. Our aims were to determine the oxidative status and cellular and molecular oxidative stress effects on uterine myometrium and trophoblast-decidual tissue following perigestational alcohol intake at early organogenesis. CF-1 female mice were administered with 10% alcohol in drinking water for 17 days prior to and up to day 10 of gestation. Control females received ethanol-free water...
August 18, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812469/placental-pathologic-associations-with-morbidly-adherent-placenta-potential-insights-into-pathogenesis
#18
Linda M Ernst, Rebecca L Linn, Lucy Minturn, Emily S Miller
Background The pathology that underlies morbidly adherent placenta (MAP) is poorly understood. The objective of this study was to describe the placental pathology, especially implantation site pathology, associated with MAP. Methods This was a single institution, retrospective case-control study design examining placentas of patients who delivered between January 2008 and September 2013. MAP cases were defined by the need for clinical intervention at delivery beyond spontaneous placental delivery or simple manual extraction of the placenta...
September 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782224/prokineticin-1-is-up-regulated-by-insulin-in-decidualizing-human-endometrial-stromal-cells
#19
Dorina Ujvari, Ivika Jakson, Cecilia Oldmark, Sanaz Attarha, Twana Alkasalias, Daniel Salamon, Sebastian Gidlöf, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg
Prokineticin 1 (PROK1), a hypoxia-regulated angiogenic factor, has emerged as a crucial regulator of embryo implantation and placentation. Dysregulation of PROK1 has been linked to recurrent pregnancy loss, pre-eclampsia, foetal growth restriction and preterm birth. These pregnancy complications are common in women with obesity and polycystic ovary syndrome, i.e. conditions associated with insulin resistance and compensatory hyperinsulinaemia. We investigated the effect of insulin on PROK1 expression during in vitro decidualization...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781765/up-and-down-immunity-of-pregnancy-in-humans
#20
REVIEW
Philippe Le Bouteiller, Armand Bensussan
One part of the human placenta in early pregnancy is particularly important for local immunity: the decidua basalis, which is transformed endometrium located at the site of embryo implantation . This placental bed tissue contains both maternal uterine immune cells, including decidual natural killer (NK) cells, the dominant leukocyte population exhibiting a unique phenotype, and fetal extravillous trophoblast which comes into direct contact with maternal decidual cells . To establish a successful placental development and healthy pregnancy outcome, the maternal immune system must tolerate paternal antigens expressed by trophoblast cells yet remain efficient for clearing any local pathogen infection...
2017: F1000Research
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