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paediatric urogenital disease, ultrasound

Lil-Sofie Ording Muller
Pathology in the urinary tract is one of the most frequent queries when children are referred for an ultrasound examination. Comprehensive ultrasound examinations can answer most clinical questions of the urogenital tract with minimal patient preparation and without the use of ionising radiation. Therefore, optimised imaging protocols should be available in all radiology departments where children are examined. This review suggests a preferred imaging protocol for urogenital imaging in children and gives an overview of the different structures of the urogenital tract, the normal age-related sonographic anatomy, and gives examples of the most commonly encountered diseases of the urogenital system in children...
September 2014: European Journal of Radiology
Daniel Orbach, Sabine Sarnacki, Hervé J Brisse, Marion Gauthier-Villars, Pierre-Henri Jarreau, Vassilis Tsatsaris, André Baruchel, Michel Zerah, Etienne Seigneur, Michel Peuchmaur, François Doz
Neonatal cancer is rare and comprises a heterogeneous group of neoplasms with substantial histological diversity. Almost all types of paediatric cancer can occur in fetuses and neonates; however, the presentation and behaviour of neonatal tumours often differs from that in older children, leading to differences in diagnosis and management. The causes of neonatal cancer are unclear, but genetic factors probably have a key role. Other congenital abnormalities are frequently present. Teratoma and neuroblastoma are the most common histological types of neonatal cancer, with soft-tissue sarcoma, leukaemia, renal tumours, and brain tumours also among the more frequent types...
December 2013: Lancet Oncology
Ayse Parlakgumus, Cem Yalcinkaya, Esra Kilicdag
A 24-year-old primigravid women with no remarkable history and antenatal follow-up was referred to our clinic with the diagnosis of fetal megacystis. Ultrasound examination revealed an oval shaped hypoechoic cystic mass measuring 80×55×50 mm occupying the fetal pelvis in a female fetus. The fluid inside the cyst was heterogeneous giving a two level appearance. A normal looking urinary bladder was visualised separately which was located in normal position. Further sonographic evaluation revealed postaxial polydactyly in both hands...
2011: BMJ Case Reports
Rosa M Laterza, Mario De Gennaro, Andrea Tubaro, Heinz Koelbl
This review covers the most important female congenital pelvic malformations. The first part focuses on the embryological development of the urogenital and anorectal apparatus, morphological features, and the diagnostic and surgical approach to abnormalities. Comprehension of the embryological development of the urogenital and anorectal apparatus is essential to understand the morphology of congenital pelvic abnormalities and their surgical treatment. Congenital pelvic malformations are characterized by specific common features; the severity of which often subverts the pelvic morphology completely and makes it difficult to comprehend before surgery...
November 2011: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Riccabona Michael
OBJECTIVE: To describe the potential and relevant applications of MR-imaging (MRI) in typical paediatric abdominal conditions and diseases. METHOD: The commonly used indications, applications, and sequences as well as typical imaging findings of paediatric abdominal MRI are presented and discussed, with emphasis on specific paediatric needs and queries. Only applications as used in routine clinical work are listed, other more sophisticated and advanced techniques will only briefly be mentioned...
November 2008: European Journal of Radiology
D T Wilcox, L S Chitty
Failure to detect a normally filled fetal bladder on ultrasound scanning can imply the presence of a serious urogenital abnormality. Detailed scanning may elicit the underlying pathology, but there may be complex anomalies present, the full extent of which often has to await the results of postnatal investigations. Management in a combined paediatric urology:fetal medicine clinic is recommended.
November 2001: Prenatal Diagnosis
M G Riccabona
Paediatric abdominal US differs partially from adult US. Not only different size and different approaches due to different physiological conditions demand a different handling and equipment, but different diseases and different patient handling characterise the specific challenges of paediatric abdominal US. The main goal of this paper is to familiarize the radiologist who occasionally has to deal with paediatric patients with the specifics and typical applications of US in neonates, infants and children. This review tries to point out the major differences between adult and paediatric scanning, starting from technical requirements and other general considerations and spanning to sophisticated adaptation of modern sonographic imaging techniques to specific paediatric queries...
2001: European Radiology
D Zdravković, T Milenković, K Sedlecki, M Guć-Sćekić, V Rajić, M Banićević
INTRODUCTION: The classification of disorders such as ambiguous genitalia in newborns is difficult because similar or identical phenotypes could have several different aetiologies. In most cases it was impossible to correlate the aetiology of the disorder and the appearance of the external genitalia [1-3]. A newborn with ambiguous genitalia needs prompt evaluation that will permit gender assignment and detection of life-threatening conditions (salt-losing crisis due to congenital adrenal hyperplasia or Wilms' tumour)...
March 2001: Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo
A Borthne, T Nordshus, T Reiseter, J T Geitung, K I Gjesdal, A Babovic, A Bjerre, B Loe
BACKGROUND: Examination of the paediatric urogenital tract is traditionally performed using methods that utilise ionising radiation, such as intravenous urography (IVU), computerised tomography (CT), voiding cystourethrography (VCU), and scintigraphy, in addition to ultrasound (US). OBJECTIVE: To determine the potential and effectiveness of MR urography (MRU) in infants and children. Materials and methods. 44 MRU examinations were prospectively performed in 39 patients (21 infants, mean age 3...
September 1999: Pediatric Radiology
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