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traumatic child, Plain x-ray

Alina Badina, Raphael Vialle, Frank Fitoussi, Jean Paul Damsin
BACKGROUND: Acetabular fractures are rare in children and can be complicated by premature fusion of the triradiate cartilage resulting in secondary acetabular dysplasia. Early recognition and treatment of a physeal bar in this location can be difficult. The purpose of this case report was to investigate whether early intervention could restore acetabular growth and prevent secondary acetabular dysplasia as measured on plain radiographs. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report a series of three patients (3, 4, and 5 years old) who underwent physeal bridge resection and methylmethacrylate or fat interposition through an extended Pfannenstiel approach...
November 2013: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
Jeremy B Myers, Michael B Taylor, William O Brant, William Lowrance, M Chad Wallis, Angela P Presson, Stephen E Morris, Raminder Nirula, Mark H Stevens
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that our compliance was low with recommended imaging for evaluation of traumatic bladder injury, which includes either a computed tomographic (CT) cystogram or plain cystogram. We sought to determine if poor compliance impacted diagnosis, management, and outcome of patients with bladder injury. METHODS: Patients with bladder injury were identified from all Level 1 hospital trauma registries in Utah from 1996 to 2010. Details including presentation, management, and outcome of bladder injury were described using descriptive statistics and bivariate and logistic regression analysis...
January 2013: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Thomas Hearty, Vineeta T Swaroop, Prasad Gourineni, LeDon Robinson
Posterior wall acetabular fractures are rare in the pediatric patient but require proper management to prevent significant complications. Plain radiographs and computed tomography scans are standard diagnostic imaging used with clinical examination of hip stability to determine if the injury requires open reduction and internal fixation. Two cases are presented of adolescent traumatic hip dislocations and posterior wall fractures in which radiography underestimated the extent of the posterior wall fracture...
July 2011: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
S H Chandrashekhara, A Kumar, S Gamanagatti, K Kapoor, A Mukund, D Aggarwal, S Sinha
BACKGROUND: Traumatic spondyloptosis is defined as greater than 100% of traumatic subluxation of one vertebral body in the coronal or sagittal plane which usually causes the complete transaction of spinal cord. It is a rare but severe injury of the vertebral column. We present four unusual cases of traumatic spondyloptosis causing complete spinal cord transaction, which were operated upon successfully. METHODS: We reviewed the imaging findings of four patients with traumatic thoraco-lumbar spondyloptosis from our radiology database, who presented to our trauma centre from August 2008 to September 2008...
November 2011: International Orthopaedics
T Trigylidas, S J Yuh, M Vassilyadi, M A Matzinger, A Mikrogianakis
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injury without radiographic abnormality (SCIWORA) represents a traumatic myelopathy, either transient or permanent, that is not associated with visible vertebral fractures or ligamentous abnormalities on plain radiographs or CT. MRI has become essential in the diagnosis and evaluation of trauma patients and in predicting the long-term neurological outcome. METHODS: The medical charts of 578 children with vertebral trauma at the Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario and the Hospital for Sick Children were retrospectively reviewed...
2010: Pediatric Neurosurgery
Fabrice Dedouit, Béatrice Mallinger, Céline Guilbeau-Frugier, Daniel Rougé, Hervé Rousseau, Norbert Telmon
A 3-year-old boy child died at home. The circumstances of death appeared unclear to the police investigators and a medicolegal autopsy was carried out. External examination revealed diffuse ecchymoses of varying colours. Postmortem imaging using plain X-rays and multislice computed tomography (MSCT) was performed prior to autopsy and pathological study. These investigations revealed fractures at the posterior arch of the ninth left rib. No cerebral and pericerebral traumatic lesions were diagnosed. In the abdomen, haemoperitoneum and pneumoperitoneum secondary to duodenal perforation and liver laceration were observed...
March 20, 2011: Forensic Science International
Ankaj Khosla, Joseph Ocel, Arash Ehteshami Rad, David F Kallmes
First- and second-rib fractures diagnosed on plain radiographs have been associated with traumatic aortic injury. We examined whether such fractures diagnosed on computed tomography (CT), which is of greater sensitivity than plain radiograms for rib fractures, are associated with traumatic vascular injury. We identified 1,894 patients who had undergone a chest CT angiogram with indication of trauma between 2005 and 2008. Among these, 185 patients were selected at random. The main mechanism of injury was motor vehicle accident or a fall...
November 2010: Emergency Radiology
Baris Yeniad, Muhittin Beginoglu, Cahit Ozgun
To report two cases with missed intraocular foreign body masquerading as intraocular inflammation. The first patient was referred to our clinic with a diagnosis of a traumatic cataract. She had a history of ocular trauma. The clinical examination revealed intraocular inflammation and a mature cataract. Plain X-ray did not reveal a foreign body. She underwent a successful cataract surgery and intraocular lens implantation 1 month after the initial examination. Two months after the surgery she returned with visual impairment and intraocular inflammation...
December 2010: International Ophthalmology
David Panczykowski, Andrew N Nemecek, Nathan R Selden
In this report, the authors describe the case of a 3-year-old child with a traumatic Type III odontoid fracture. To their knowledge, this is the first reported case of a true Type III odontoid fracture with atlantoaxial rotatory subluxation in a child. The patient presented with pain and had resisted manipulation of the neck following a motor vehicle crash. Plain cervical radiographs revealed an odontoid fracture, which was confirmed by CT imaging. The left lateral mass of C-1 was rotated anterior to that of C-2 with the displaced odontoid process acting as the pivot point of rotation...
February 2010: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Leonard B Kaban, Edward B Seldin, Ron Kikinis, Krishna Yeshwant, Bonnie L Padwa, Maria J Troulis
PURPOSE: To report the use of a semiburied curvilinear distraction device, with a 3-dimensional (3D) computed tomography treatment planning system, for correction of mandibular deformities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective evaluation of 13 consecutive patients, with syndromic and nonsyndromic micrognathia, who underwent correction by curvilinear distraction osteogenesis. A 3D computed tomography scan was obtained for each patient and imported into a 3D treatment planning system (Slicer/Osteoplan)...
May 2009: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Ankur R Rana, Robert Drongowski, Gretchen Breckner, Peter F Ehrlich
PURPOSE: Computed tomographic (CT) scanning has mostly replaced x-rays as an imaging modality, but concerns exist because of excess radiation, missed injuries, and whether it is the definitive procedure for intubated patients. The purpose of this study was to characterize missed cervical spine injuries (CSIs). METHODS: All pediatric (<18) trauma patients from 2004 to 2006 were analyzed. Age, sex, Injury Severity Score (ISS), mechanism, time, and missed injuries were reviewed...
January 2009: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Yu-Ching Tseng, Ming-Sheng Lee, Yu-Jun Chang, Han-Ping Wu
BACKGROUND: Acute abdomen in children is a serious condition frequently encountered in the pediatric emergency department (ED). This study aimed to analyze the clinical spectrum of acute abdomen, and to investigate the prevalence of various etiologies in different age groups of children admitted to the pediatric ED. METHODS: From 2005 to 2007, we retrospectively recruited 3980 consecutive pediatric patients who presented to the pediatric ED suffering from acute abdominal pain...
August 2008: Pediatrics and Neonatology
A Chartier, D Guimber, A Maurel, V Hue, L Michaud, F Gottrand, A Martinot
UNLABELLED: Prescriptions of abdominal x-ray and diagnosis of constipation seemed too frequent in children evaluated for abdominal pain (AP) in a paediatric emergency unit. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of constipation in children with AP, to determine clinical and radiological signs related to this diagnosis, and to compare frequencies of clinical criteria of functional chronic constipation (FCC) in children with AP with those of controls (children with mild traumatisms without AP)...
November 2007: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Edward Y Lee
Mass-like renal lesions in children occur in a diverse spectrum of conditions including benign and malignant neoplasm, infection, infarction, lymphatic malformation, and traumatic injury. Although mass-like renal lesions can sometimes be suspected on plain radiographs and evaluated with US in children, subsequent CT is usually performed for the confirmation of diagnosis and further characterization. The purpose of this pictorial essay was to review the CT imaging findings of both common and uncommon mass-like renal lesions in pediatric patients...
September 2007: Pediatric Radiology
G Bademci, T Kendi, F Agalar
Metopism is partially or totally persisting suture extending from the nasion to the anterior angle of the bregma. The time of physiological closure of the metopic suture varies from birth to 8 years of age. Widely accepted closuring time is approximated at 2 years of age. Although formerly reported skull studies mentioned the persistent metopic suture, it is extremely rare in clinical practice. We presented a trauma case of 43 years of age who was demonstrated radiologically to have a persisting suture. Persistent metopic suture may be misdiagnosed as a vertical traumatic skull fracture extending in the mid-line in head trauma patients...
June 2007: Neurocirugía
Mabrouk Bahloul, Anis N Chaari, Hatem Kallel, Abdelmajid Khabir, Adnène Ayadi, Hanène Charfeddine, Leila Hergafi, Adel D Chaari, Hedi E Chelly, Chokri Ben Hamida, Noureddine Rekik, Mounir Bouaziz
BACKGROUND: Acute neurogenic pulmonary edema, a common and underdiagnosed clinical entity, can occur after virtually any form of injury of the central nervous system and is a potential early contributor to pulmonary dysfunction in patients with head injuries. OBJECTIVE: To explore myocardial function in patients with evident neurogenic pulmonary edema after traumatic head injury. METHODS: During a 1-year period in a university hospital in Sfax, Tunisia, information was collected prospectively on patients admitted to the 22-bed intensive care unit because of isolated traumatic head injury who had neurogenic pulmonary edema...
September 2006: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
Andrew Sloan, Robin Paton
Congenital pseudarthrosis of the clavicle is a rare entity. It presents on the right side in 90% of the patients, and bilaterally in up to 10%. The authors report the case of a 4-year-old boy who presented with a painful deformity over his right mid-clavicular area. Plain radiographs were inconclusive, although the opposite is true in most cases. A computed tomography (CT) 3-D reconstruction showed a pseudarthrosis of the clavicle, and excluded a neoplastic, infective or traumatic origin. Treatment involved excision of the pseudarthrosis, internal fixation with a contoured reconstruction locking plate, and bone grafting...
June 2006: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
R K Chhetri, M L Shrestha
In this observational study (from August 2000 to January 2001) 102 patients of all age group with non-traumatic acute abdomen were studied to see the negative laparotomy rate and the diagnostic accuracy and predictive values of different investigations in acute abdomen. The disease was most common in the age group 20-29 years with male predominance. More than half of the acute abdomen was due to the acute appendicitis. Neutrophil leucocyte count had the highest sensitivity (91.5%) while Plain X-ray abdomen showed the highest specificity (88...
April 2005: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
Kamal Nain Rattan, Sarita Magu, Kanupriya Agrawal, Simmi Ratan
Traumatic diaphragmatic hernia is rare in children. Left-sided Herniations are seen in 90%. The diagnosis is often delayed for months to years because of its rarity and overshadowing injuries. Chest/abdominal radiographs and, in particular cases, computed tomography and ultrasound improve the accuracy of diagnosis. We report two cases of traumatic diaphragmatic rupture in children. The history of trauma along with plain X-rays/barium study was diagnostic in both the cases.
November 2005: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
C Durand, C Piolat, F Nugues, S Bessaguet, C Alvarez, P Baudain
Pediatric thoracic emergencies are frequent and may be due to a large spectrum of lesions including traumatic and non traumatic pathologies, such as foreign bodies, mediastinal tumors, pulmonary infections, asthma, pneumothorax and delayed manifestations of congenital chest malformations. Emergencies require rapid diagnosis to make a treatment plan and in most cases, radiology plays an essential role. Plain chest radiographs remain the initial study with inspiratory films. In certain circumstances, the use of expiratory films is absolutely necessary...
February 2005: Journal de Radiologie
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