Read by QxMD icon Read

Venous reflux

Chai Kobkitsuksakul, Pakorn Jiarakongmun, Ekachat Chanthanaphak, Sirintara Pongpech
PURPOSE: The classic symptoms and signs of carotid cavernous sinus fistula or cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) consist of eye redness, exophthalmos, and gaze abnormality. The angiography findings typically consist of arteriovenous shunt at cavernous sinüs with ophthalmic venous drainage with or without cortical venous reflux. In rare circumstances, the shunts are localized outside the cavernous sinus, but mimic symptoms and radiography of the cavernous shunt. We would like to present the other locations of the arteriovenous shunt, which mimic the clinical presentation of carotid cavernous fistulae, and analyze venous drainages...
October 21, 2016: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
Igor A Zolotukhin, Evgeny I Seliverstov, Elena A Zakharova, Alexander I Kirienko
OBJECTIVE: To establish an effect of isolated phlebectomy in patients with incompetent great saphenous vein (Ambulatory Selective Varices Ablation under Local anesthesia (ASVAL) procedure) on the reflux and diameter of the trunk and to assess recurrence rate of varicose veins at one year. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective study on patients with primary varicose veins and with C2 or C2,3 or C2,3,4 or C2,4 classes of chronic venous disease and great saphenous vein incompetence...
October 19, 2016: Phlebology
Stefan Nydahl
Modern management of varicose veins Chronic venous disease is a common medical condition and occurs in about one-third of the adult population. Reflux, and to a much lesser extent obstruction of the superficial and deep venous systems, generates venous hypertension. The goal of the treatment is to reduce venous hypertension in order to prevent complications, progression of venous disease and to improve patients' quality of life. Today we have a wide spectrum of different treatment options at our disposal. Management is based upon accurate clinical diagnosis and duplex imaging...
October 4, 2016: Läkartidningen
Benedikt Weber, Jürg Hafner, Torsten Willenberg, Simon P Hoerstrup
Chronic insufficiency of lower extremity venous valves represents a frequent structural disorder of the vascular system being responsible for a substantial global disease load. While in the field of superficial valve insufficiency surgical as well as endoluminal interventions represent good therapeutic options with high rates of complete remission of symptoms, only limited options exist in the field of deep venous reflux today. Bioengineered, autologous cell-based, endothelialized valve constructs may open up new therapeutic options in these patients, potentially offering novel treatment options in cases with severe insufficiency of deep venous segments in the future...
October 12, 2016: Expert Review of Medical Devices
Henghui Yin, Haipeng He, Mian Wang, Zilun Li, Zuojun Hu, Chen Yao, Jinsong Wang, Shenming Wang, Guangqi Chang
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effect of ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy (UGFS) in a single session combined with great saphenous vein (GSV) high ligation for severe lower extremity varicosis classified as C4 to C6, compared with GSV stripping plus multistab avulsion or transilluminated powered phlebectomy (TIPP). METHODS: From January 2012 to December 2014, 177 patients with primary GSV insufficiency, classified as C4 to C6, were randomized into the UGFS group or the control group...
September 23, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Elina Soifer, Dar Weiss, Gil Marom, Shmuel Einav
Understanding the hemodynamics surrounding the venous valve environment is of a great importance for prosthetic valves design. The present study aims to evaluate the effect of leaflets' stiffening process on the venous valve hemodynamics, valve's failure on the next proximal valve hemodynamics and valve's failure in a secondary daughter vein on the healthy valve hemodynamics in the main vein when both of these valves are distal to a venous junction. Fully coupled, two-way fluid-structure interaction computational models were developed and employed...
September 23, 2016: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
Thomas M Runge, Nicholas J Shaheen, Zorka Djukic, Suzanne Hallquist, Roy C Orlando
BACKGROUND: After ablation of Barrett's esophagus (BE), the esophagus heals with neosquamous epithelium (NSE). Despite normal endoscopic appearance, NSE exhibits defective barrier function with similarities to defects noted in the distal esophageal epithelium in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). AIM: To determine whether patients with NSE, unlike patients with healthy esophageal epithelium, have C-terminal fragments (CTFs) of e-cad detectable on tissue biopsy...
November 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Alex Botsford, Jai Jai Shiva Shankar
INTRODUCTION: Indirect carotid cavernous fistulas are treated with coil embolization when they present with orbital/visual symptoms or if there is cortical venous reflux. Most of the time, the treatment is done by non-specifically packing the whole cavernous sinus with coils. The purpose of this case series was to examine whether DSA-Dynavision before embolization would improve treatment by shortening the procedure time, requiring fewer coils, or reducing the complication rate. MATERIALS AND METHOD: 8 patients with 9 fistula sites were retrospectively identified...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
Takashi Yamaki, Yuki Hasegawa, Atsuyoshi Osada, Hisato Konoeda, Atsumori Hamahata, Masakazu Ochi, Motohiro Nozaki, Hiroyuki Sakurai
BACKGROUND: Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) allows continuous noninvasive monitoring of changes in the tissue levels of oxygenated hemoglobin (O2Hb) and deoxygenated hemoglobin (HHb) and can identify the severity of chronic venous diseases. Here we investigated the predictors of post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) using NIRS in patients with a first episode of deep venous thrombosis (DVT). METHODS: The study enrolled 129 patients with DVT. Risk factors in each patient were assessed at presentation...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Elizabeth A Andraska, Danielle C Horne, Danielle N Campbell, Jonathan L Eliason, Thomas W Wakefield, Dawn M Coleman
BACKGROUND: The spectrum of chronic venous disease (CVD) is well documented in adults; clinical guidelines standardize diagnosis and treatment. There is a paucity of data published commenting on pediatric CVD exclusive of Klippel-Trénaunay syndrome (KTS) and post-thrombotic syndrome. METHODS: This study aimed to define patterns of pediatric venous disease. All venous reflux studies performed on patients <18 years of age between January 2012 and June 2014 were reviewed...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Efthymios D Avgerinos, Omar El-Shazly, Geetha Jeyabalan, George Al-Khoury, Eric Hager, Michael J Singh, Michel S Makaroun, Rabih A Chaer
BACKGROUND: Inferior vena cava (IVC) thrombosis may occur in patients with iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT), and its impact on thrombolysis outcomes is poorly defined. This study compared outcomes of patients undergoing thrombolysis for acute iliofemoral DVT with and without IVC involvement. METHODS: Patients who underwent thrombolysis for iliofemoral DVT between May 2007 and March 2014 were identified from a prospectively maintained database and divided into two groups: those with IVC involvement and those without...
October 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
Paolo Zamboni, Paolo Spath, Veronica Tisato, Mirko Tessari, Patrizia Dalla Caneva, Erica Menegatti, Savino Occhionorelli, Sergio Gianesini, Paola Secchiero
BACKGROUND: To assess if suppression of the oscillatory component of reflux may improve the inflammatory phenotype in chronic venous disease (CVD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 193 CVD patients, we selected 54 (13 males, 41 females, CEAP C2-4EpAsPr) for a blinded, case-control prospective investigation. All of them underwent echo-color-Doppler assessment of reflux parameters. In the same patients a blood systemic assessment of 19 inflammatory cytokines was obtained...
September 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
A Najjar, F Zairi, T Sunna, A Weil, L Estrade, A Weill, D Shedid
BACKGROUND: Vascular lesions of the spinal cord are increasingly recognized. The most common types of these lesions are dural arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) whereas, extradural AVFs are a very rare type of spinal AVF and can be associated with either extradural or intradural venous reflux. This results in neurological deficits through congestive or compressive myeloradiculopathy. These lesions must be treated to allow stabilization or improvement of neurologic status, either by endovascular therapy or microsurgical interruption...
September 8, 2016: Neuro-Chirurgie
H Partsch, J Schuren, G Mosti, J P Benigni
The compression pressure, which corresponds to the dosage of compression therapy, has been widely neglected up to now, not only concerning scientific literature, but also in clinical practice. It is evident that compression pressures in the upright position and during walking are clinically more relevant than just the resting pressure. The Static Stiffness Index (SSI), which is the difference between standing and resting pressure, is a valuable parameter characterising the efficacy of a specific compression product to narrow/occlude the venous lumen...
September 2016: Journal of Wound Care
Christopher S King, Steven D Nathan
Despite the development of pharmacological therapies that are effective in slowing the progression of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), it remains a debilitating and lethal condition. In addition to the adverse effects caused by pulmonary fibrosis, most patients with IPF have associated comorbid conditions, which might negatively affect functional status, quality of life, and survival. Comorbid conditions can be pulmonary or extrapulmonary. Pulmonary comorbidities include pulmonary hypertension, emphysema, and lung cancer, while non-pulmonary conditions include venous thromboembolism, coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, sleep-disordered breathing, gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, and anxiety or depression...
September 2, 2016: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
Bradley A Gross, Felipe C Albuquerque, Karam Moon, Cameron G McDougall
OBJECTIVE Many small series and technical reports chronicle the evolution of endovascular techniques for cranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) over the past 3 decades, but reports of large patient series are lacking. The authors provide a thorough analysis of clinical and angiographic outcomes across a large patient cohort. METHODS The authors reviewed their endovascular database from January 1996 to September 2015 to identify patients harboring cranial dAVFs who were treated initially with endovascular approaches...
September 2, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Cestmir Recek
Varicose vein disease is characterized by tenacious tendency to recur. Measures recommended to prevent recurrences (flush ligation at the saphenofemoral junction, removal of incompetent great saphenous vein in the thigh, and insertion of mechanical barriers in the fossa ovalis) did not succeed in preventing recurrence. Reflux recurrence is triggered by the hemodynamic phenomenon called hemodynamic paradox. Abolition of saphenous reflux removes the hemodynamic disturbance of any degree of severity but at the same time it releases the pathological process leading to recurrent reflux...
August 31, 2016: Phlebology
M Venermo, J Saarinen, E Eskelinen, S Vähäaho, E Saarinen, M Railo, I Uurto, J Salenius, A Albäck
BACKGROUND: Endovenous ablation techniques and ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy (UGFS) have largely replaced open surgery for treatment of great saphenous varicose veins. This was a randomized trial to compare the effect of surgery, endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) (with phlebectomies) and UGFS on quality of life and the occlusion rate of the great saphenous vein (GSV) 12 months after surgery. METHODS: Patients with symptomatic, uncomplicated varicose veins (CEAP class C2-C4) were examined at baseline, 1 month and 1 year...
October 2016: British Journal of Surgery
H Jalaie, K Schleimer, M E Barbati, A Gombert, J Grommes, M A F de Wolf, R de Graaf, C H A Wittens
BACKGROUND: Postthrombotic syndrome (PTS) is the development of symptoms and signs of chronic venous insufficiency following deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and has a significant negative effect on the quality of life. The current understanding is that the clinical manifestation of PTS is related more to venous obstruction than it is to venous reflux. The use of interventional techniques for the treatment of venous obstruction and/or venous occlusion has rapidly increased in recent years. OBJECTIVE: This article summarizes the current concept of endovenous and hybrid interventions and presents the optimized treatment of choice in patients with chronic symptomatic venous obstruction...
2016: Gefässchirurgie: Zeitschrift Für Vaskuläre und Endovaskuläre Chirurgie
Afsha Aurshina, Enrico Ascher, Anil Hingorani, Sergio X Salles-Cunha, Natalie Marks, Eleanor Iadgarova
BACKGROUND: Accreditation in peripheral venous testing can be obtained based upon femoropopliteal duplex ultrasound evaluation, and many laboratories limit their examination to this segment only. This simplified protocol detects acute femoropopliteal deep venous thrombosis (DVT) but misses calf vein DVT, superficial venous thrombosis, chronic DVT, venous reflux, and other non-venous findings potentially responsible of the patients' presenting conditions. A protocol limited to the femoropopliteal segment results in additional unnecessary testing and can create patient dissatisfaction...
August 12, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"