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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774668/varicocele-and-testicular-pain-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Sunghyun Paick, Woo Suk Choi
Varicocele is the dilatation of the scrotal portion of pampiniform plexus and the internal spermatic venous system. About 15% of men suffer from scrotal varicocele and 2% to 10% of them complain of pain. The probable mechanisms for pain include compression of the surrounding neural fibers by the dilated venous complex, elevated testicular temperature, increased venous pressure, hypoxia, oxidative stress, hormonal imbalances, and the reflux of toxic metabolites of adrenal or renal origin. Testicular pain associated with varicoceles is typically described as a dull, aching, or throbbing pain in the testicle, scrotum, or groin; rarely, it can be acute, sharp, or stabbing...
May 16, 2018: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772321/use-of-polidocanol-endovenous-microfoam-to-improve-hemodynamics-and-symptomology-in-patients-with-challenging-clinical-presentations-a-case-series
#2
Paul E Davis, John Phillips, Raghu Kolluri
BACKGROUND: We performed a retrospective review of treatment effects with FDA-approved Polidocanol endovenous microfoam (PEM, Varithena® 1%) on venous symptomology in ten (N=10) C3-C6 patients with chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) and concomitant complex disease/pathology that limited the use of endothermal ablation (ETA). METHODS: Pathology included: risk of bruising or bleeding, severe lipodermatosclerosis (LDS), Hydradenitis Suppurativa, chronic fibrosis of the vein from prior superficial thrombosis, risk for nerve injury and failed prior ETA...
May 14, 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726741/the-haemodynamic-causes-of-skin-changes-in-limbs-with-primary-varicose-veins
#3
Yasushi Shiraishi
Objectives To investigate the haemodynamic causes of skin changes in limbs with primary varicose veins, which were assessed with air plethysmography. Methods Five hundred seventeen consecutive patients with axial reflux in the great saphenous vein (varicose vein group) and 248 normal subjects (normal group) were investigated. Varicose vein group patients were divided into two groups according to whether they did (C4-6) or did not (C2-3) have skin changes. Several parameters obtained using air plethysmography were compared among the normal group, C2-3 and C4-6 patients...
January 1, 2018: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701413/true-brachial-artery-aneurysm-in-a-patient-with-vascular-access-for-haemodialysis-and-kidney-graft
#4
Mafalda Correia, André Marinho, Carolina Mendes, Luís Antunes, Óscar Gonçalves
INTRODUCTION: True brachial artery aneurysms are rare and some of them have been described as a late complication in patients with vascular access for haemodialysis and kidney graft. The purpose of this paper is to present a clinical case of a patient with a true brachial artery aneurysm and its following treatment. METHODS: This case concerns a caucasian male patient with 43 years old who had vesicoureteral reflux at 7 years old, and subsequent end-stage renal disease, and started on haemodialysis at the age of twelve...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695731/a-novel-method-for-investigating-the-role-of-reflux-pattern-in-color-doppler-ultrasound-for-grading-of-varicocele
#5
Seyed Morteza Bagheri, Fatemeh Khajehasani, Hamed Iraji, Iman Fatemi
Varicocele is the most common correctable cause of infertility. Color Doppler Ultrasound (CDUS) has a sensitivity of 97% and specificity of 94% for diagnosing this condition. This study aimed to propose a new pattern of scrotal Doppler for predicting the severity of varicocele. An observational study was conducted from January 2016 to January 2017 on 120 testes units in 60 patients. Scrotal CDUS and semen analysis were done in all participants. Patients were evaluated for reflux pattern, pampiniform venous plexus diameter, and venous reflux time...
April 25, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688123/a-randomized-trial-of-early-endovenous-ablation-in-venous-ulceration
#6
Manjit S Gohel, Francine Heatley, Xinxue Liu, Andrew Bradbury, Richard Bulbulia, Nicky Cullum, David M Epstein, Isaac Nyamekye, Keith R Poskitt, Sophie Renton, Jane Warwick, Alun H Davies
Background Venous disease is the most common cause of leg ulceration. Although compression therapy improves venous ulcer healing, it does not treat the underlying causes of venous hypertension. Treatment of superficial venous reflux has been shown to reduce the rate of ulcer recurrence, but the effect of early endovenous ablation of superficial venous reflux on ulcer healing remains unclear. Methods In a trial conducted at 20 centers in the United Kingdom, we randomly assigned 450 patients with venous leg ulcers to receive compression therapy and undergo early endovenous ablation of superficial venous reflux within 2 weeks after randomization (early-intervention group) or to receive compression therapy alone, with consideration of endovenous ablation deferred until after the ulcer was healed or until 6 months after randomization if the ulcer was unhealed (deferred-intervention group)...
April 24, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678685/success-rate-and-factors-predictive-of-redo-radiofrequency-ablation-of-perforator-veins
#7
Afsha Aurshina, Enrico Ascher, Lauren Mount, Amrit Hingorani, Natalie Marks, Anil Hingorani
OBJECTIVE: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is increasingly being employed for treatment of perforator vein insufficiency and venous ulcer healing. Previous studies have shown a closure rate of 60% to 80% in incompetent perforator veins (IPVs) with RFA. The purpose of the study was to determine the utility of a redo RFA for symptomatic recanalized perforators and to predict factors associated with recanalization. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 642 procedures in 256 patients with venous insufficiency due to IPVs from 2009 to 2015 was conducted...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652081/eight-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-ultrasound-guided-foam-sclerotherapy-with-surgical-stripping-of-the-great-saphenous-vein
#8
Y L Lam, J A Lawson, I M Toonder, N H Shadid, A Sommer, M Veenstra, A M J van der Kleij, R P Ceulen, E de Haan, F Ibrahim, T van Dooren, F H Nieman, C H A Wittens
BACKGROUND: This was an 8-year follow-up of an RCT comparing ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy (UGFS) with high ligation and surgical stripping (HL/S) of the great saphenous vein (GSV). METHODS: Patients were randomized to UGFS or HL/S of the GSV. The primary outcome was the recurrence of symptomatic GSV reflux. Secondary outcomes were patterns of reflux according to recurrent varices after surgery, Clinical Etiologic Anatomic Pathophysiologic (CEAP) classification, Venous Clinical Severity Score (VCSS) and EuroQol Five Dimensions (EQ-5D™) quality-of-life scores...
May 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642798/a-retrospective-study-of-a-new-n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate-glue-ablation-catheter-incorporated-with-application-guiding-light-for-the-treatment-of-venous-insufficiency-twelve-month-results
#9
Turhan Yavuz, Altay Nihat Acar, Huseyin Aydın, Evren Ekingen
Objective This study aims to present the early results of a retrospective study of the use of novel n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (VenaBlock)-based nontumescent endovenous ablation with a guiding light for the treatment of patients with varicose veins. Methods Patients with lower limb venous insufficiency were treated with n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate (VenaBlock Venous Closure System) between April 2016 and July 2016. The study enrolled adults aged 21-70 years with symptomatic moderate to severe varicosities (C2-C4b) and great saphenous vein reflux lasting longer than 0...
January 1, 2018: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625703/treatment-of-a-refractory-venous-ulcer-with-terminal-interruption-of-the-reflux-source
#10
M Mendieta-Eckert, J L Azpiazu-Macho, N Landa-Gundin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2018: Actas Dermo-sifiliográficas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625555/subarachnoid-hemorrhage-after-transient-global-amnesia-caused-by-cerebral-venous-congestion-case-report
#11
Yuta Maetani, Masahiro Nakamori, Tomoaki Watanabe, Hayato Matsushima, Eiji Imamura, Shinichi Wakabayashi
BACKGROUND: Transient global amnesia is reported to be caused by cerebral venous congestion. Internal jugular venous flow reversal in particular with the Valsalva maneuver leads to cerebral venous congestion. In addition, Valsalva maneuver can also induce subarachnoid hemorrhage. Transient global amnesia and subarachnoid hemorrhage might have common a pathophysiology in cerebral venous congestion. CASE PRESENTATION: We report here the case of a 57-year-old woman who twice experienced convexal subarachnoid hemorrhage just after straining at stool following an episode of transient global amnesia...
April 6, 2018: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616175/single-lymphaticovenular-anastomosis-for-early-stage-lower-extremity-lymphedema-treated-by-the-superior-edge-of-the-knee-incision-method
#12
Yukio Seki, Akiyoshi Kajikawa, Takumi Yamamoto, Takayuki Takeuchi, Takahiro Terashima, Norimitsu Kurogi
Background: Surgical treatment of lower extremity lymphedema (LEL) remains challenging. Application of the superior-edge-of-the-knee incision method for lymphaticovenular anastomosis (LVA) is reported to have a strong therapeutic effect in patients with LEL because lymph-to-venous flow at the anastomosis is enhanced by knee joint movement during normal walking. We investigated whether a single LVA created by this method is adequate for early LEL. Methods: The study involved 10 patients with LEL characterized by stage 2 or 3 leg dermal backflow and treated by a single LVA at the thigh via the superior-edge-of-the-knee incision method...
February 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598906/posterior-meningeal-artery-origin-patterns-among-300-cases-and-their-clinical-importance
#13
Tomotaka Ohshima, Takashi Handa, Kojiro Ishikawa, Shigeru Miyachi, Naoki Matsuo, Reo Kawaguchi, Masakazu Takayasu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The posterior meningeal artery (PMA) is known as a dura mater-nourishing vessel. We encountered a patient with Wallenberg syndrome during transarterial embolization of the PMA associated with the dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF). METHODS: After development of Wallenberg syndrome in the patient, we assessed origins of the PMA patterns in 300 cases and divided them into 3 types. CASE PRESENTATION: A 63-year-old man was incidentally diagnosed as having transverse-sigmoid sinus DAVF with a cortical venous reflux...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571786/dynamic-contrast-enhanced-magnetic-resonance-lymphangiography-categorization-of-imaging-findings-and-correlation-with-patient-management
#14
Sheena Pimpalwar, Ponraj Chinnadurai, Alex Chau, Mercedes Pereyra, Daniel Ashton, Prakash Masand, Rajesh Krishnamurthy, Siddharth Jadhav
OBJECTIVE: To review the technical aspects and categorize the imaging findings of dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance lymphangiography (DCMRL) and correlate the findings with patient management options. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent DCMRL between June 2012 and August 2017 at a tertiary care paediatric hospital was performed. Twenty-five DCMRL studies were performed in 23 patients (9 males, 13 females, 1 ambiguous gender) with a median age of 4 years (range: 1 month-29 years)...
April 2018: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561378/the-incidence-of-cranial-arteriovenous-shunts-in-patients-with-pulsatile-tinnitus-a-prospective-observational-study
#15
Matthijs In 't Veld, R Fronczek, J A de Laat, Henricus P M Kunst, Frederick J A Meijer, Peter W A Willems
OBJECTIVES: Finding the underlying cause for pulsatile tinnitus can be challenging. We aimed to determine the incidence of arteriovenous shunts, i.e., arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) or dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs), in patients referred for catheter angiography (digital subtraction angiography [DSA]). Furthermore, we assessed which clinical features were predictive for the presence of such a lesion. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Fifty-one patients with pulsatile tinnitus, who were referred to us for DSA to exclude an arteriovenous shunt, were enrolled, prospectively...
March 20, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514591/standards-for-recanalisation-of-chronic-venous-outflow-obstructions
#16
Michael Lichtenberg, Rick de Graaf, Christian Erbel
Postthrombotic syndrome (PTS) is the most common complication after iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis. It reduces quality of life and increases deep vein thrombosis (DVT)-related costs. The clinical symptoms and severity of PTS may vary; the most common symptoms include edema, pain (venous claudication), hyperpigmentation, lipodermatosclerosis, and ulceration. PTS is based on the principle of outflow obstruction, which may be caused by venous hypertension and may lead to valvular damage and venous reflux or insufficiency...
March 8, 2018: VASA. Zeitschrift Für Gefässkrankheiten
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502767/duplex-ultrasound-for-the-diagnosis-of-acute-and-chronic-venous-diseases
#17
REVIEW
Raudel Garcia, Nicos Labropoulos
Venous diseases are highly prevalent, mostly caused by valve incompetence and/or obstruction of the vein lumen. Signs and symptoms are diverse and unspecific. Careful clinical assessment and imaging interpretation are crucial to diagnosis. Duplex ultrasound is the first choice and often the gold standard imaging technique for this purpose, providing information on the anatomy and function of the veins. This article describes the sonographic anatomic and hemodynamic criteria used for the diagnosis of venous reflux, venous obstruction, and the most frequent complications after interventions in the superficial, perforating, and deep venous systems...
April 2018: Surgical Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481411/targeting-reflux-free-veins-with-a-vein-visualizer-to-identify-the-ideal-recipient-vein-preoperatively-for-optimal-lymphaticovenous-anastomosis-in-treating-lymphedema
#18
Johnson Chia-Shen Yang, Shao-Chun Wu, Min-Hsien Chiang, Wei-Che Lin
Lymphaticovenous anastomosis is one of the main surgical treatments nowadays for alleviating lymphedema. A successful lymphaticovenous anastomosis relies on being able to identify "functional" lymphatic collecting vessels that are still capable of transporting lymph, and a nearby vein that is, ideally, reflux-free. This is a retrospective study. A total of 28 lymphedema patients were enrolled from October of 2016 to March of 2017 in Kaohsiung Chang Gung Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan. A noninvasive vein visualizer was used to preselect reflux-free veins for lymphaticovenous anastomosis from five female patients...
March 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461363/hemodynamic-assessment-with-spy-indocyanine-green-angiography-in-expansion-period-a-study-for-expansion-capsule-pressure-optimization
#19
Jihan Guo, Yashan Gao, Haizhou Li, Zhichao Wang, Tao Zan, Qingfeng Li
Tissue expansion-related severe complication exists, and the poor blood supply is one of the causes. After decades of negative correlation between capsule pressure and blood flow was verified, the widely recognized expansion capsule pressure is still absent. A prospective randomized controlled trial was performed to explore the optimal expanding capsule pressure. Thirty subjects were randomly divided into 5 groups, received a weekly expanding on 60-, 70-, 80-, 90-, and 100-mm Hg capsule pressure, respectively...
May 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459368/isolated-intraventricular-hemorrhage-secondary-to-dural-arteriovenous-fistula
#20
Krishna Amuluru, Fawaz Al-Mufti, Charles Romero
Isolated intraventricular hemorrhage due to dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF) is extremely rare and has been reported only a few times in the literature. The pathophysiological cause of isolated intraventricular hemorrhage in these cases was hypothetically attributed to retrograde venous flow into subependymal vessels, although none of these cases demonstrated radiographic evidence of such reflux. We present the first case of a dAVF with radiographic evidence of severe cortical venous reflux into the subependymal venous network causing isolated intraventricular hemorrhage, thus lending proof for the underlying pathophysiology...
May 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
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