keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Patient,intervention,comparison,outcome

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212466/withdrawn-propranolol-for-migraine-prophylaxis
#1
REVIEW
Klaus Linde, Karin Rossnagel
BACKGROUND: Propranolol is one of the most commonly prescribed drugs for migraine prophylaxis. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine whether there is evidence that propranolol is more effective than placebo and as effective as other drugs for the interval (prophylactic) treatment of patients with migraine. SEARCH METHODS: Potentially eligible studies were identified by searching MEDLINE/PubMed (1966 to May 2003) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (Issue 2, 2003), and by screening bibliographies of reviews and identified articles...
February 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210555/breast-reconstruction-with-absorbable-mesh-sling-dynamic-infrared-thermography-of-skin-envelope
#2
Yoko Hashimoto, Naoki Watanabe, Takeshi Yuasa, Yoshinori Suzuki, Hiroshi Saisho
BACKGROUND: To immediate reconstruct ptosis breasts, we used polyglactin (Vicryl; Ethicon Inc., Somerville, NJ, USA) mesh as an inferolateral sling. However, Vicryl mesh is absorbable and losing function as a supporting structure. We doubt about the stability of the blood supply to the inferior part of the flap when it is in direct contact with inner implant. In this study, we examine the complications and the safety of the skin flap of this absorbable mesh sling (AMS) procedure. METHODS: The outcomes of 80 cases were examined, and the 1-year safety record of 40 cases was assessed...
February 2017: Gland Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210176/femtosecond-astigmatic-keratotomy-for-postkeratoplasty-astigmatism
#3
Nasser Al Sabaani, Salem Al Malki, Mohanna Al Jindan, Abdullah Al Assiri, Samar Al Swailem
PURPOSE: To evaluate the initial outcomes of femtosecond laser arcuate keratotomies (AK) to correct high astigmatism after keratoplasty. METHODS: This retrospective non-comparative interventional study included 52 consecutive patients (52 eyes) who underwent Intralase-enabled arcuate keratotomies. Changes in uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), mean refractive and keratometric astigmatism, preoperative and postoperative manifest refraction and complications were the main outcome measures...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207654/long-term-clinical-outcomes-of-cervical-disc-arthroplasty-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Willa R Sasso, Joseph D Smucker, Maria P Sasso, Rick C Sasso
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, single-center, clinical trial. OBJECTIVE: To prospectively examine the 7- and 10-year outcomes of cervical arthroplasty to anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Degeneration of the cervical discs causing radiculopathy is a frequent source of surgical intervention, commonly treated with ACDF. Positive clinical outcomes are associated with arthrodesis techniques, yet there remains a long-term concern for adjacent segment change...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202029/sustained-diabetes-risk-reduction-after-real-life-and-primary-health-care-setting-implementation-of-the-diabetes-in-europe-prevention-using-lifestyle-physical-activity-and-nutritional-intervention-de-plan-project
#5
Aleksandra Gilis-Januszewska, Jaana Lindström, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Beata Piwońska-Solska, Roman Topór-Mądry, Zbigniew Szybiński, Markku Peltonen, Peter E H Schwarz, Adam Windak, Alicja Hubalewska-Dydejczyk
BACKGROUND: Real life implementation studies performed in different settings and populations proved that lifestyle interventions in prevention of type 2 diabetes can be effective. However, little is known about long term results of these translational studies. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the maintenance of diabetes type 2 risk factor reduction achieved 1 year after intervention and during 3 year follow-up in primary health care setting in Poland. METHODS: Study participants (n = 262), middle aged, slightly obese, with increased type 2 diabetes risk ((age 55...
February 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199892/a-prognostic-index-pi-as-a-moderator-of-outcomes-in-the-treatment-of-depression-a-proof-of-concept-combining-multiple-variables-to-inform-risk-stratified-stepped-care-models
#6
Lorenzo Lorenzo-Luaces, Robert J DeRubeis, Annemieke van Straten, Bea Tiemens
BACKGROUND: Prognostic indices (PIs) combining variables to predict future depression risk may help guide the selection of treatments that differ in intensity. We develop a PI and show its promise in guiding treatment decisions between treatment as usual (TAU), treatment starting with a low-intensity treatment (brief therapy (BT)), or treatment starting with a high-intensity treatment intervention (cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)). METHODS: We utilized data from depressed patients (N=622) who participated in a randomized comparison of TAU, BT, and CBT in which no statistically significant differences in the primary outcomes emerged between the three treatments...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194870/participation-in-clinical-trials-improves-outcomes-in-women-s-health-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
S K Nijjar, M I D'Amico, N A Wimalaweera, Nam Cooper, J Zamora, K S Khan
BACKGROUND: Previous reviews examining the effect of participation in trials on outcomes have not consistently shown benefit. Obstetrics and gynaecology is a unique disease area posing challenges for both researchers and patients. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether participation in randomised controlled trials (RCTs), compared with non-participation, has a beneficial effect on women's health. SEARCH STRATEGY: Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and PsycInfo were searched up to December 2015...
February 14, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193176/telemonitoring-and-or-self-monitoring-of-blood-pressure-in-hypertension-tasminh4-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Marloes Franssen, Andrew Farmer, Sabrina Grant, Sheila Greenfield, Carl Heneghan, Richard Hobbs, James Hodgkinson, Susan Jowett, Jonathan Mant, Una Martin, Siobhan Milner, Mark Monahan, Emma Ogburn, Rafael Perera-Salazar, Claire Schwartz, Ly-Mee Yu, Richard J McManus
BACKGROUND: Self-monitoring of hypertension is associated with lower systolic blood pressure (SBP). However, evidence for the use of self-monitoring to titrate antihypertensive medication by physicians is equivocal. Furthermore, there is some evidence for the efficacy of telemonitoring in the management of hypertension but it is not clear what this adds over and above self-monitoring. This trial aims to evaluate whether GP led antihypertensive titration using self-monitoring results in lower SBP compared to usual care and whether telemonitoring adds anything to self-monitoring alone...
February 13, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191743/manual-thrombectomy-efficiency-in-relationship-to-the-area-at-risk-in-patients-with-myocardial-infarction-with-timi-0-1-coronary-flow-insights-from-an-all-comers-registry
#9
André Luz, Inês Silveira, Bruno Brochado, Patrícia Rodrigues, Maria João Sousa, Raquel Santos, Maria Trêpa, Mário Santos, João Silveira, Severo Torres, Adelino F Leite-Moreira, Henrique Carvalho
OBJECTIVES: To review the effectiveness of manual thrombectomy (MT) in a series of patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) exclusively presenting with TIMI 0-1 flow undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), in accordance to the angiographically estimated area at risk (AAR). Second, to assess major in-hospital clinical events, emphasizing neurological outcomes. BACKGROUND: The routine utilization of MT in STEMI is not recommended. However, in recent trials, a significant proportion of patients had neither large thrombus burden nor a totally occluded coronary segment, neutralizing the expected benefits of MT...
February 13, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191514/anticoagulant-therapy-for-non-st-segment-elevation-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-china-a-multi-center-observational-study
#10
Xiao-Huan Gong, Jin-Ming Yu, Yong Mao, Da-Yi Hu
OBJECTIVE: To assess the anticoagulant therapy for non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) in China and to offer the rationale for establishing reasonable strategies to improve the prognosis of NSTE-ACS. METHODS: A total of 1,502 patients with NSTE-ACS were recruited from 28 third-grade hospitals distributed in 14 provinces and cities in China from December 2009 to December 2011. The strategies for diagnosis and treatment, decided by each hospital respectively, were used for further analysis and comparison of medication, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and end points for efficacy and safety assessment at 9 and 30 days following PCI...
April 1, 2016: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188243/effectiveness-and-safety-of-reduced-dose-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulants-and-warfarin-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-propensity-weighted-nationwide-cohort-study
#11
Peter Brønnum Nielsen, Flemming Skjøth, Mette Søgaard, Jette Nordstrøm Kjældgaard, Gregory Y H Lip, Torben Bjerregaard Larsen
Objective To examine clinical effectiveness and safety of apixaban 2.5 mg, dabigatran 110 mg, and rivaroxaban 15 mg compared with warfarin among patients with atrial fibrillation who had not previously taken an oral anticoagulant.Design Propensity weighted (inverse probability of treatment weighted) nationwide cohort study.Setting Individual linked data from three nationwide registries in Denmark.Participants Patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation filling a first prescription for an oral anticoagulant from August 2011 to February 2016...
February 10, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185137/reducing-non-attendance-rates-for-assessment-at-an-eating-disorders-service-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#12
Paul E Jenkins
Rates of non-attendance at initial appointments within community eating disorder (ED) services are frequently high, although this has received relatively little research attention and no reports of interventions designed to address this. The current report describes outcomes following a change of procedure introducing a 'partial booking' system. Attendance rates at first appointments (N = 1260) were audited following introduction of a system designed to reduce non-attendance in January 2013 within a UK ED service...
February 10, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182642/prophylactic-mesh-placement-for-the-prevention-of-parastomal-hernias-the-presto-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Frank Pianka, Pascal Probst, Anne-Valerie Keller, Daniel Saure, Kathrin Grummich, Markus W Büchler, Markus K Diener
BACKGROUND: Parastomal hernia (PH) is the most common complication after ostomy formation. Prophylactic mesh placement may be effective in reducing the rate of PH at the stoma site. The aims of this systematic review were to summarize the evidence with regard to the safety and effectiveness in comparison with the standard procedure without mesh placement and to identify important risk constellations. METHOD: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, EMBASE and the Cochrane library with no language or date restrictions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182020/effect-of-ayurveda-medications-kas%C3%A4-sa-bhasma-and-dh%C3%A4-tr%C3%A4-avaleha-on-iron-deficiency-anaemia-a-randomized-controlled-study
#14
Basavaraj Ramappa Tubaki, Jyoti Mahadev Benni, Niranjan Rao, Uchangi Nagaraja Rao Prasad
BACKGROUND: This paper explores the role that Ayurveda can play in the management of Iron Deficiency Anaemia, a major nutritional deficiency disorder affecting people across the globe. METHODOLOGY: Forty (40) patients suffering from Iron deficiency anaemia as per WHO guidelines, between the age group of 20 to 60 yrs of either sex participated in the study. Study was a randomized, controlled, open label clinical study. Patients were randomly divided into two groups: Group D (n = 20) received Dhārī avaleha 10 g twice a day after food...
July 2016: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181091/neuro-emotional-technique-effects-on-brain-physiology-in-cancer-patients-with-traumatic-stress-symptoms-preliminary-findings
#15
Daniel A Monti, Anna Tobia, Marie Stoner, Nancy Wintering, Michael Matthews, Xiao-Song He, Gaelle Doucet, Inna Chervoneva, Joseph I Tracy, Andrew B Newberg
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to characterize the neurophysiological and clinical effects that may result from the neuro emotional technique (NET) in patients with traumatic stress symptoms associated with a cancer-related event. We hypothesized that self-regulatory processing of traumatic memories would be observable as physiological changes in key brain areas after undergoing the NET intervention and that these changes would be associated with improvement of traumatic stress symptoms...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178770/interventions-to-improve-antibiotic-prescribing-practices-for-hospital-inpatients
#16
REVIEW
Peter Davey, Charis A Marwick, Claire L Scott, Esmita Charani, Kirsty McNeil, Erwin Brown, Ian M Gould, Craig R Ramsay, Susan Michie
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is a major public health problem. Infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria are associated with prolonged hospital stay and death compared with infections caused by susceptible bacteria. Appropriate antibiotic use in hospitals should ensure effective treatment of patients with infection and reduce unnecessary prescriptions. We updated this systematic review to evaluate the impact of interventions to improve antibiotic prescribing to hospital inpatients...
February 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174123/urgent-colonoscopy-in-patients-with-lower-gastrointestinal-bleeding-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Abdul M Kouanda, Ma Somsouk, Justin L Sewell, Lukejohn W Day
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Lower GI bleeding is a common cause of morbidity and mortality. Colonoscopy is indicated in all hospitalized patients with lower gastrointestinal bleeding, yet the time frame for performing colonoscopy remains unclear. Prior studies of outcomes in urgent versus elective colonoscopy have yielded conflicting results and were often underpowered. Our study objective was to compare several outcomes between urgent and elective colonoscopy in patients hospitalized for lower GI bleeding...
February 4, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169086/basal-insulin-treatment-intensification-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-comprehensive-systematic-review-of-current-options
#18
REVIEW
D Raccah
AIM: As type 2 diabetes mellitus progresses, most patients require treatment with basal insulin in combination with another agent to achieve recommended glycaemic targets. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the evidence supporting the use of the available add-on treatments [rapid-acting insulin (RAI), glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs), dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP)-4 inhibitors and sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors] to basal insulin...
February 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167494/practising-evidence-based-medicine-ebm-a-descriptive-analysis-of-medical-students-whole-task-ebm-assignments
#19
Lauren A Maggio, Nicole Capdarest-Arest
Researchers have suggested whole-task learning activities to practice and teach evidence-based medicine (EBM); however, limited description exists of their use in EBM curricula. This article describes medical students' execution of a whole-task EBM assignment and characterises themes emerging from assignment submissions. Between 2013 and 2015, Stanford University's paediatric clerkship students completed a whole-task EBM assignment based on a patient encounter. The assignment captured students' efforts to perform all EBM steps and describe their patient scenario and future knowledge needs strategies...
February 6, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167327/physical-activity-ameliorates-the-association-between-sedentary-behavior-and-cardiometabolic-risk-among-inpatients-with-schizophrenia-a-comparison-versus-controls-using-accelerometry
#20
Brendon Stubbs, Li-Jung Chen, Ming-Shun Chung, Po-Wen Ku
OBJECTIVE: A lack of clarity exists regarding the relationship between objectively measured physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) and cardiometabolic outcomes in people with schizophrenia. We conducted a large study investigating the independent relationships of PA and SB among inpatients with schizophrenia versus healthy controls (HCs). METHODS: A cross sectional study including 199 inpatients with schizophrenia (mean age 44.0years, mean illness duration 23...
January 20, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
keyword
keyword
57565
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"