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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086784/health-related-quality-of-life-assessment-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-the-effectiveness-of-early-phase-i-cardiac-rehabilitation
#1
Lawrence Anchah, Mohamed Azmi Hassali, Melissa Siaw Han Lim, Mohamed Izham Mohamed Ibrahim, Kui Hian Sim, Tiong Kiam Ong
BACKGROUND: Acute Coronary Syndrome (ACS) is one of the most burdensome cardiovascular diseases in terms of the cost of interventions. The Cardiac Rehabilitation Programme (CRP) is well-established in improving clinical outcomes but the assessment of actual clinical improvement is challenging, especially when considering pharmaceutical care (PC) values in phase I CRP during admission and upon discharge from hospital and phase II outpatient interventions. This study explores the impact of pharmacists' interventions in the early stages of CRP on humanistic outcomes and follow-up at a referral hospital in Malaysia...
January 13, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074567/the-cost-effectiveness-of-brief-intervention-versus-brief-treatment-of-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-sbirt-in-the-united-states
#2
Carolina Barbosa, Alexander Cowell, William Dowd, Justin Landwehr, Arnie Aldridge, Jeremy Bray
AIMS: To conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) comparing the delivery of brief intervention (BI) with brief treatment (BT) within Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) programs. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental differences in observed baseline characteristics between BI and BT patients were adjusted using propensity score techniques. Incremental comparison of costs and health outcomes associated with BI and BT. SETTING: Health-care settings in four US states participating in Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration SBIRT grant programs...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073825/comparison-of-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-military-and-non-military-men
#3
Adel Joharimoghadam, S-M Ghoreyshi-Hefzabad, S Kheirkhah-Sabetghadam
OBJECTIVES: Living in a military environment, as a unique job and lifestyle, may affect the physical and mental status of military personnel. Coronary artery disease (CAD) status and outcomes of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in military personnel as a unique part of each society are less investigated. METHOD: In a registry-based study, data of 338 military men and 1954 non-military men who underwent successful PCI from March 2012 to March 2013 were analysed...
January 10, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073796/comparative-efficacy-and-tolerability-of-pharmacological-interventions-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-adolescents-and-adults-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#4
Samuele Cortese, Nicoletta Adamo, Christina Mohr-Jensen, Adrian J Hayes, Sahar Bhatti, Sara Carucci, Cinzia Del Giovane, Lauren Z Atkinson, Tobias Banaschewski, Emily Simonoff, Alessandro Zuddas, Corrado Barbui, Marianna Purgato, Hans-Christoph Steinhausen, Farhad Shokraneh, Jun Xia, Andrea Cipriani, David Coghill
INTRODUCTION: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a major public health issue. Pharmacological treatments play an important role in the multimodal treatment of ADHD. Currently, there is a lack of up-to-date and comprehensive evidence on how available ADHD drugs compare and rank in terms of efficacy and tolerability, in children or adolescents as well as in adults. We will conduct a network meta-analysis (NMA), integrating direct and indirect comparisons from randomised controlled trials (RCTs), to rank pharmacological treatments for ADHD according to their efficacy and tolerability profiles...
January 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072643/early-life-trauma-in-hospitalized-patients-with-mood-disorders-and-its-association-with-clinical-outcomes
#5
Ajay K Parsaik, Noha Abdelgawad, Jigar K Chotalia, Scott D Lane, Teresa A Pigott
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of childhood trauma and its impact on clinical outcomes in hospitalized patients with mood disorders is unknown. We studied the frequency of childhood trauma among inpatient adults with mood disorders and its association with clinical outcomes. METHODS: Patients admitted to our hospital with a primary diagnosis of mood disorders completed the short form of the Early Trauma Inventory-Self-Report (ETISR-SF), the Sheehan Disability Scale, and the Clinician-Rated Dimensions of Psychosis Symptom Severity scale...
January 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070681/comparison-of-the-18-month-outcome-after-the-treatment-of-osteoporotic-insufficiency-fractures-by-means-of-balloon-sacroplasty-bsp-and-radiofrequency-sacroplasty-rfs-in-comparison-a-prospective-randomised-study
#6
Reimer Andresen, Sebastian Radmer, Julian Ramin Andresen, Hans-Christof Schober
PURPOSE: The objective of this prospective, randomised study was to examine the feasibility and clinical outcome of balloon sacroplasty and radiofrequency sacroplasty. METHODS: In 40 patients with a total of 57 sacral fractures, CT-guided cement augmentation was performed by means of BSP or RFS. For BSP, the balloon catheter was inflated and deflated in the fracture zone, and the hollow space, thus, created was then filled with PMMA cement. For RFS, the spongious space in the fracture zone was initially extended using a flexible osteotome, and the highly viscous PMMA cement, activated by radiofrequency, was then inserted into the prepared fracture zone...
January 9, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069072/pansaid-paracetamol-and-nsaid-in-combination-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-trial
#7
Kasper Højgaard Thybo, Daniel Hägi-Pedersen, Jørn Wetterslev, Jørgen Berg Dahl, Henrik Morville Schrøder, Hans Henrik Bülow, Jan Gottfrid Bjørck, Ole Mathiesen
BACKGROUND: Effective postoperative pain management is essential for the rehabilitation of the surgical patient. No 'gold standard' exists after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and combinations of different nonopioid medications are used with virtually no evidence for additional analgesic efficacy compared to monotherapy. The objective of this trial is to investigate the analgesic effects and safety of paracetamol and ibuprofen alone and in combination in different dosages after THA. METHODS: PANSAID is a placebo-controlled, parallel four-group, multicentre trial with centralised computer-generated allocation sequence and allocation concealment and with varying block size and stratification by site...
January 10, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066881/short-acting-erythropoiesis-stimulating-agents-for-anaemia-in-predialysis-patients
#8
REVIEW
Deirdre Hahn, Christopher I Esezobor, Noha Elserafy, Angela C Webster, Elisabeth M Hodson
BACKGROUND: The benefits of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESA) for chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients have been previously demonstrated. However, the efficacy and safety of short-acting epoetins administered at larger doses and reduced frequency as well as of new epoetins and biosimilars remains uncertain. OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to evaluate the benefits and harms of different routes, frequencies and doses of epoetins (epoetin alpha, epoetin beta and other short-acting epoetins) for anaemia in adults and children with CKD not receiving dialysis...
January 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065734/laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity-amos-a-prospective-5-year-swedish-nationwide-study
#9
Torsten Olbers, Andrew J Beamish, Eva Gronowitz, Carl-Erik Flodmark, Jovanna Dahlgren, Gustaf Bruze, Kerstin Ekbom, Peter Friberg, Gunnar Göthberg, Kajsa Järvholm, Jan Karlsson, Staffan Mårild, Martin Neovius, Markku Peltonen, Claude Marcus
BACKGROUND: Severe obesity in adolescence is associated with reduced life expectancy and impaired quality of life. Long-term benefits of conservative treatments in adolescents are known to be modest, whereas short-term outcomes of adolescent bariatric surgery are promising. We aimed to compare 5-year outcomes of adolescent surgical patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with those of conservatively treated adolescents and of adults undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, in the Adolescent Morbid Obesity Surgery (AMOS) study...
January 5, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064286/rockall-risk-score-in-predicting-30-days-non-variceal-upper-gastrointestinal-rebleeding-in-a-malaysian-population
#10
H T Lip, H T Heah, T J Huei, S Premaa, A Sarojah
OBJECTIVE: the aim of this study was to determine the usefulness of Rockall score in predicting outcomes of 30 days rebleeding, mortality and need for surgical intervention of bleeding gastric and duodenal ulcers. METHODS: this is a retrospective cohort study of all the emergency endoscopies performed in Hospital sultan Ismail from January 2009 to October 2014 for indications of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIb). Data was extracted from hospital's electronic database and only non-variceal bleeds were included...
October 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063907/impact-of-video-coaching-on-gynecologic-resident-laparoscopic-suturing-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Noah B Rindos, Minhnoi Wroble-Biglan, Amanda Ecker, Ted T Lee, Nicole M Donnellan
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine if the addition of video coaching to an OBGYN resident laparoscopic simulation curriculum improves acquisition of suturing skills. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: I SETTING: Academic teaching hospital with a residency program in obstetrics and gynecology PATIENTS: Twenty OBGYN residents undergoing a 4-week laparoscopic simulation curriculum were video-recorded weekly performing a suturing task on a validated vaginal cuff model...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063840/efficacy-and-safety-of-eus-guided-biliary-drainage-in-comparison-with-percutaneous-biliary-drainage-when-ercp-fails-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Reem Z Sharaiha, Muhammad Ali Khan, Faisal Kamal, Amy Tyberg, Claudio R Tombazzi, Bilal Ali, Claudio Tombazzi, Michel Kahaleh
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided biliary drainage (EUS-BD) is being increasingly used as an alternate therapeutic modality to percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) for biliary obstruction in patients who fail ERCP. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the efficacy and safety of these 2 procedures. METHODS: We searched several databases from inception to September 4, 2016, to identify comparative studies evaluating the efficacy and safety of EUS-BD and PTBD...
January 4, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063083/can-mapping-algorithms-based-on-raw-scores-overestimate-qalys-gained-by-treatment-a-comparison-of-mappings-between-the-roland-morris-disability-questionnaire-and-the-eq-5d-3l-based-on-raw-and-differenced-score-data
#13
Jason Madan, Kamran A Khan, Stavros Petrou, Sarah E Lamb
INTRODUCTION: Mapping algorithms are increasingly being used to predict health-utility values based on responses or scores from non-preference-based measures, thereby informing economic evaluations. OBJECTIVES: We explored whether predictions in the EuroQol 5-dimension 3-level instrument (EQ-5D-3L) health-utility gains from mapping algorithms might differ if estimated using differenced versus raw scores, using the Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMQ), a widely used health status measure for low back pain, as an example...
January 6, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062391/personal-health-records-a-systematic-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Alex Roehrs, Cristiano André da Costa, Rodrigo da Rosa Righi, Kleinner Silva Farias de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Information and communication technology (ICT) has transformed the health care field worldwide. One of the main drivers of this change is the electronic health record (EHR). However, there are still open issues and challenges because the EHR usually reflects the partial view of a health care provider without the ability for patients to control or interact with their data. Furthermore, with the growth of mobile and ubiquitous computing, the number of records regarding personal health is increasing exponentially...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059660/effects-of-decompressive-craniectomy-on-functional-outcomes-and-death-in-poor-grade-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Naif M Alotaibi, Ghassan Awad Elkarim, Nardin Samuel, Oliver G S Ayling, Daipayan Guha, Aria Fallah, Abdulrahman Aldakkan, Blessing N R Jaja, Airton Leonardo de Oliveira Manoel, George M Ibrahim, R Loch Macdonald
OBJECTIVE Patients with poor-grade aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) (World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies Grade IV or V) are often considered for decompressive craniectomy (DC) as a rescue therapy for refractory intracranial hypertension. The authors performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the impact of DC on functional outcome and death in patients after poor-grade aSAH. METHODS A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056519/comparison-of-transradial-and-transfemoral-approaches-in-women-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-china
#16
Chen Jin, Yi Xu, Shubin Qiao, Xinran Tang, Yongjian Wu, Hongbing Yan, Kefei Dou, Bo Xu, Jingang Yang, Ying Xian, Yuejin Yang
Despite increasing adoption of the transradial approach for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in clinical practice, the role of transradial intervention (TRI) in women remains a significant debate. We identified 1392 women from a consecutive cohort of patients undergoing PCI in China in 2010 and compared the efficacy and hospital costs between TRI and transfemoral intervention. An inverse probability weighting (IPW) method was used to control for potential bias. After IPW adjustment, patients receiving TRI were less likely to experience post-PCI bleeding (adjusted odds ratio [OR]: 0...
January 1, 2017: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056286/-efficacy-of-treatments-in-patients-with-symptomatic-venous-thrombosis-after-knee-arthroscopic-surgery
#17
X Lu, J Qian, B Yang
Objective: To confirm the incidence of the symptomatic venous thrombosis and evaluate the efficacy of early treatments in patients with symptomatic venous thrombosis after knee arthroscopic surgery. Methods: From June 2010 to December 2015, 19 patients with symptomatic venous thrombosis hospitalized after knee arthroscopy were retrospectively analyzed by visual analogue scale (VAS) in Department of Orthopaedics, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College...
January 3, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054249/management-of-mid-shaft-clavicular-fractures-comparison-between-non-operative-treatment-and-plate-fixation-in-60-patients
#18
B M Naveen, G R Joshi, B Harikrishnan
Clavicle fracture is a common injury due to its subcutaneous and relatively anterior position. Fractures affecting the middle third account for majority of all clavicular fractures. Both non-operative and surgical methods have been described for the management of this injury. However, there is no uniform consensus on the definite choice of treatment. Hence, this study was undertaken to compare conservative approach with primary internal plate fixation in mid-shaft clavicular fractures in terms of subjective outcome, functional outcome, the rates of nonunion and malunion and other local complications...
January 4, 2017: Strategies in Trauma and Limb Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053500/comparison-of-outcomes-scleral-buckling-and-pars-plana-vitrectomy-versus-vitrectomy-alone-for-primary-repair-of-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment
#19
Luke B Lindsell, Robert A Sisk, Daniel M Miller, Robert E Foster, Michael R Petersen, Christopher D Riemann, Robert K Hutchins
OBJECTIVE: To assess the combination of scleral buckling (SB) and pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) versus PPV alone in the primary repair of rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRDs). METHODS: The current study was a retrospective, comparative, interventional, consecutive case series of 179 eyes of 174 patients who underwent primary RRD repair by five surgeons between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2010, utilizing SB with PPV or PPV. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to compare the efficacy of the two surgical strategies and assess for risk factors of proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR)...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053181/comparison-of-risk-scoring-systems-for-patients-presenting-with-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-international-multicentre-prospective-study
#20
Adrian J Stanley, Loren Laine, Harry R Dalton, Jing H Ngu, Michael Schultz, Roseta Abazi, Liam Zakko, Susan Thornton, Kelly Wilkinson, Cristopher J L Khor, Iain A Murray, Stig B Laursen
OBJECTIVE:  To compare the predictive accuracy and clinical utility of five risk scoring systems in the assessment of patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. DESIGN:  International multicentre prospective study. SETTING:  Six large hospitals in Europe, North America, Asia, and Oceania. PARTICIPANTS:  3012 consecutive patients presenting over 12 months with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:  Comparison of pre-endoscopy scores (admission Rockall, AIMS65, and Glasgow Blatchford) and post-endoscopy scores (full Rockall and PNED) for their ability to predict predefined clinical endpoints: a composite endpoint (transfusion, endoscopic treatment, interventional radiology, surgery, or 30 day mortality), endoscopic treatment, 30 day mortality, rebleeding, and length of hospital stay...
January 4, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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