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Surfactant deficiency

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725012/phycocyanin-attenuates-pulmonary-fibrosis-via-the-tlr2-myd88-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway
#1
Chengcheng Li, Yan Yu, Wenjun Li, Bo Liu, Xudong Jiao, Xinyu Song, Changjun Lv, Song Qin
Our aim was to investigate the effects of phycocyanin (PC) on bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis (PF). In this study, C57 BL/6 wild-type (WT) mice and toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 deficient mice were treated with PC for 28 days following BLM exposure. Serum and lung tissues were collected on days 3, 7 and 28. Data shows PC significantly decreased the levels of hydroxyproline (HYP), vimentin, surfactant-associated protein C (SP-C), fibroblast specific protein-1 (S100A4) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) but dramatically increased E-cadherin and podoplanin (PDPN) expression on day 28...
July 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647590/differences-in-the-coronal-proteome-acquired-by-particles-depositing-in-the-lungs-of-asthmatic-versus-healthy-humans
#2
Abhinav Kumar, Elif Melis Bicer, Paul Pfeffer, Marco P Monopoli, Kenneth A Dawson, Jonny Eriksson, Katarina Edwards, Steven Lynham, Matthew Arno, Annelie F Behndig, Anders Blomberg, Graham Somers, Dave Hassall, Lea Ann Dailey, Ben Forbes, Ian Mudway
Most inhaled nanomedicines in development are for the treatment of lung disease, yet little is known about their interaction with the respiratory tract lining fluids (RTLFs). Here we combined the use of nano-silica, as a protein concentrator, with label-free snapshot proteomics (LC-MS/MS; key findings confirmed by ELISA) to generate a quantitative profile of the RTLF proteome and provided insight into the evolved corona; information that may be used in future to improve drug targeting to the lungs by inhaled medicines...
June 22, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592390/greywater-characterization-and-loadings-physicochemical-treatment-to-promote-onsite-reuse
#3
C Noutsopoulos, A Andreadakis, N Kouris, D Charchousi, P Mendrinou, A Galani, I Mantziaras, E Koumaki
Greywater is the wastewater produced in bathtubs, showers, hand basins, kitchen sinks, dishwashers and laundry machines. Segregation of greywater and blackwater and on site greywater treatment in order to promote its reuse for toilet flushing and/or garden irrigation is an interesting option especially in water deficient areas. The objective of this study was to characterize the different greywater sources in Greek households and to evaluate the performance of alternative physicochemical treatment systems to treat several types of greywater...
June 4, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581337/featured-article-electroporation-mediated-gene-delivery-of-surfactant-protein-b-sp-b-restores-expression-and-improves-survival-in-mouse-model-of-sp-b-deficiency
#4
Rebecca C Barnett, Xin Lin, Michael Barravecchia, Rosemary A Norman, Karen L de Mesy Bentley, Fabeha Fazal, Jennifer L Young, David A Dean
Surfactant Protein B Deficiency is a rare but lethal monogenetic, congenital lung disease of the neonate that is unresponsive to any treatment except lung transplantation. Based on the potential that gene therapy offers to treat such intractable diseases, our objective was to test whether an electroporation-based gene delivery approach could restore surfactant protein B expression and improve survival in a compound knockout mouse model of surfactant protein B deficiency. Surfactant protein B expression can be shut off in these mice upon withdrawl of doxycycline, resulting in decreased levels of surfactant protein B within four days and death due to lung dysfunction within four to seven days...
July 2017: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540346/less-invasive-surfactant-administration-reduces-the-need-for-mechanical-ventilation-in-preterm-infants-a-meta-analysis
#5
Christine S M Lau, Ronald S Chamberlain, Shyan Sun
Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome due to surfactant deficiency is associated with high morbidity and mortality in preterm infants, and the use of less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) has been increasingly studied. This meta-analysis found that LISA via thin catheter significantly reduced the need for mechanical ventilation within the first 72 hours (relative risk [RR] = 0.677; P = .021), duration of mechanical ventilation (difference in means [MD] = -39.302 hours; P < .001), duration of supplemental oxygen (MD = -68...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532087/the-repairing-of-full-thickness-skin-deficiency-and-its-biological-mechanism-using-decellularized-human-amniotic-membrane-as-the-wound-dressing
#6
Mengsheng Song, Weiqing Wang, Qihua Ye, Shizhong Bu, Zhisen Shen, Yabin Zhu
Human amniotic membrane (HAM) was a biocompatible scaffold with advantages of anti-inflammatory, low antigen, feasibility, tolerance and low cost. In our previous work, HAM was treated to be decellularized using surfactant, lipase and DNAase methods and the efficacy as an implantable biological mesh was verified after decellularization treatment. In this work, we used the previous protocol to decellularize the fresh HAM, and applied it to repair full-thickness skin defects with Sprague-Dawley rats as the test animals...
August 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503550/design-of-surfactant-protein-b-peptide-mimics-based-on-the-saposin-fold-for-synthetic-lung-surfactants
#7
Frans J Walther, Larry M Gordon, Alan J Waring
Surfactant protein (SP)-B is a 79-residue polypeptide crucial for the biophysical and physiological function of endogenous lung surfactant. SP-B is a member of the Saposin or Saposin-like proteins (SAPLIP) family of proteins that share an overall three-dimensional folding pattern based on secondary structures and disulfide connectivity and exhibit a wide diversity of biological functions. Here we review the synthesis, molecular biophysics and activity of synthetic analogs of Saposin proteins designed to mimic those interactions of the parent proteins with lipids that enhance interfacial activity...
September 2016: Biomedicine Hub
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472244/surfactant-protein-d-deficiency-suppresses-systemic-inflammation-and-reduces-atherosclerosis-in-apoe-knockout-mice
#8
Yuki Hirano, Alex Choi, Masashi Tsuruta, Jen-Eh David Jaw, Yeni Oh, David Ngan, Konosuke Moritani, Roy Chen, Sheena Tam, Yuexin Li, Dragos M Vasilescu, James C Hogg, Gordon Francis, Pascal Bernatchez, S F Paul Man, Don D Sin
Aims: HASH(0x4a40250) Methods and Results: HASH(0x530f160) Conclusions: HASH(0x455abe8)
May 2, 2017: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438206/exogenous-gene-transfer-of-rab-3-8-small-gtpase-ameliorates-aberrant-lung-surfactant-homeostasis-in-ruby-rats
#9
Kazuhiro Osanai, Keisuke Nakase, Takashi Sakuma, Kazuaki Nishiki, Masafumi Nojiri, Ryo Kato, Masatoshi Saito, Yuki Fujimoto, Shiro Mizuno, Hirohisa Toga
BACKGROUND: Rab(3)8 small GTPase regulates intracellular transport in melanocytes and alveolar type II epithelial cells. Ruby rats carrying Rab(3)8 and other gene mutations exhibit oculocutaneous albinism, bleeding diathesis, and hence, are a rat model of human Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome (HPS). We previously showed that Long Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rats, one strain of the Ruby rats, developed aberrant lung surfactant homeostasis with remarkably enlarged lamellar bodies in alveolar type II cells...
April 24, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416656/effect-of-cholesterol-on-the-molecular-structure-and-transitions-in-a-clinical-grade-lung-surfactant-extract
#10
Jenny Marie Andersson, Carl Grey, Marcus Larsson, Tiago Mendes Ferreira, Emma Sparr
The lipid-protein film covering the interface of the lung alveolar in mammals is vital for proper lung function and its deficiency is related to a range of diseases. Here we present a molecular-level characterization of a clinical-grade porcine lung surfactant extract using a multitechnique approach consisting of [Formula: see text]-[Formula: see text] solid-state nuclear magnetic spectroscopy, small- and wide-angle X-ray scattering, and mass spectrometry. The detailed characterization presented for reconstituted membranes of a lung extract demonstrates that the molecular structure of lung surfactant strongly depends on the concentration of cholesterol...
May 2, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395513/pt-ii-c-%C3%A2-n-%C3%A2-n-based-luminophore-micelle-adducts-for-sensing-nitroaromatic-explosives
#11
Prasenjit Maity, Aarti Bhatt, Bhavesh Agrawal, Atanu Jana
Two luminescent cyclometalated Pt(II)-complexes, 1•Pt and 2•Pt, respectively, were synthesized by using unsymmetrical C(∧)N(∧)N ligands having different alkyl substituents. These π-electron-rich complexes are used for sensing various electron deficient nitroaromatic explosives, e.g., 4-nitrotoluene (NT), 2,4-dinitrotoluene (DNT), 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), and 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (TNP), in aqueous, nonaqueous, as well as in the solid state as a paper strip with maximum detection limit of ca. 10(-9) M...
April 19, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385810/regulation-of-p53-mediated-changes-in-the-upa-fibrinolytic-system-and-in-lung-injury-by-loss-of-surfactant-protein-c-expression-in-alveolar-epithelial-cells
#12
Bijesh Puthusseri, Amarnath Marudamuthu, Nivedita Tiwari, Jian Fu, Steven Idell, Sreerama Shetty
Pulmonary surfactant protein C (SP-C) expression by type II alveolar epithelial cells (AECs) is markedly reduced in diverse types of lung injuries and is often associated with AEC apoptosis. It is unclear whether loss of SP-C contributes to the increased p53 and urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) system cross-talk and apoptosis of AECs. Therefore, we inhibited SP-C expression in human and murine AECs using lentivirus vector expressing shRNA and tested p53 and downstream changes in the uPA-fibrinolytic system...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385694/phosphatidylcholine-transfer-protein-stard2-promotes-microvesicular-steatosis-and-liver-injury-in-murine-experimental-steatohepatitis
#13
Hayley T Nicholls, Jason L Hornick, David E Cohen
Mice fed a methionine- and choline-deficient (MCD) diet develop steatohepatitis that recapitulates key features of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in humans. Phosphatidylcholine is the most abundant phospholipid in the surfactant monolayer that coats and stabilizes lipid droplets within cells, and choline is required for its major biosynthetic pathway. Phosphatidylcholine-transfer protein (PC-TP), which exchanges phosphatidylcholines among membranes, is enriched in hepatocytes. PC-TP also regulates fatty acid metabolism through interactions with thioesterase superfamily member 2...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367508/alterations-of-the-murine-gut-microbiome-in-allergic-airway-disease-are-independent-of-surfactant-protein-d
#14
Kenneth K Barfod, Michael Roggenbuck, Suzan Al-Shuweli, Dalia Fakih, Søren J Sørensen, Grith L Sørensen
BACKGROUND: SP-D is an important host defense lectin in innate immunity and SP-D deficient mice show several abnormal immune effects and are susceptible to allergen-induced airway disease. At the same time, host microbiome interactions play an important role in the development of allergic airway disease, and alterations to gut microbiota have been linked to airway disease through the gut-lung axis. Currently, it is unknown if the genotype (Sftpd-/- or Sftpd+/+) of the standard SP-D mouse model can affect the host microbiota to such an degree that it would overcome the cohousing effect on microbiota and interfere with the interpretation of immunological data from the model...
March 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341439/restoring-pulmonary-surfactant-membranes-and-films-at-the-respiratory-surface
#15
REVIEW
Mercedes Echaide, Chiara Autilio, Raquel Arroyo, Jesus Perez-Gil
Pulmonary surfactant is a complex of lipids and proteins assembled and secreted by the alveolar epithelium into the thin layer of fluid coating the respiratory surface of lungs. There, surfactant forms interfacial films at the air-water interface, reducing dramatically surface tension and thus stabilizing the air-exposed interface to prevent alveolar collapse along respiratory mechanics. The absence or deficiency of surfactant produces severe lung pathologies. This review describes some of the most important surfactant-related pathologies, which are a cause of high morbidity and mortality in neonates and adults...
March 21, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279798/nanoemulsion-concepts-development-and-applications-in-drug-delivery
#16
REVIEW
Yuvraj Singh, Jaya Gopal Meher, Kavit Raval, Farooq Ali Khan, Mohini Chaurasia, Nitin K Jain, Manish K Chourasia
Nanoemulsions are biphasic dispersion of two immiscible liquids: either water in oil (W/O) or oil in water (O/W) droplets stabilized by an amphiphilic surfactant. These come across as ultrafine dispersions whose differential drug loading; viscoelastic as well as visual properties can cater to a wide range of functionalities including drug delivery. However there is still relatively narrow insight regarding development, manufacturing, fabrication and manipulation of nanoemulsions which primarily stems from the fact that conventional aspects of emulsion formation and stabilization only partially apply to nanoemulsions...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264879/abcg1-regulates-pulmonary-surfactant-metabolism-in-mice-and-men
#17
Thomas Q de Aguiar Vallim, Elinor Lee, David J Merriott, Christopher N Goulbourne, Joan Cheng, Angela Cheng, Ayelet Gonen, Ryan M Allen, Elisa N D Palladino, David A Ford, Tisha Wang, Ángel Baldán, Elizabeth J Tarling
Idiopathic pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare lung disease characterized by accumulation of surfactant. Surfactant synthesis and secretion are restricted to epithelial type 2 (T2) pneumocytes (also called T2 cells). Clearance of surfactant is dependent upon T2 cells and macrophages. ABCG1 is highly expressed in both T2 cells and macrophages. ABCG1-deficient mice accumulate surfactant, lamellar body-loaded T2 cells, lipid-loaded macrophages, B-1 lymphocytes, and immunoglobulins, clearly demonstrating that ABCG1 has a critical role in pulmonary homeostasis...
May 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228557/surfactant-protein-a-inhibits-growth-and-adherence-of-uropathogenic-escherichia-coli-to-protect-the-bladder-from-infection
#18
Jiro Hashimoto, Motoko Takahashi, Atsushi Saito, Masaki Murata, Yuichiro Kurimura, Chiaki Nishitani, Rina Takamiya, Yasuaki Uehara, Yoshihiro Hasegawa, Yoshiki Hiyama, Norimasa Sawada, Satoshi Takahashi, Naoya Masumori, Yoshio Kuroki, Shigeru Ariki
Surfactant protein A (SP-A) is a multifunctional host defense collectin that was first identified as a component of pulmonary surfactant. Although SP-A is also expressed in various tissues, including the urinary tract, its innate immune functions in nonpulmonary tissues are poorly understood. In this study, we demonstrated that adherence of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) to the bladder was enhanced in SP-A-deficient mice, which suggests that SP-A plays an important role in innate immunity against UPEC...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215668/potential-of-surfactant-coated-nanoparticles-to-improve-brain-delivery-of-arylsulfatase-a
#19
Tilman Schuster, Astrid Mühlstein, Claudia Yaghootfam, Olga Maksimenko, Elena Shipulo, Svetlana Gelperina, Jörg Kreuter, Volkmar Gieselmann, Ulrich Matzner
The lysosomal storage disorder (LSD) metachromatic leukodystrophy (MLD) is caused by a deficiency of the soluble, lysosomal hydrolase arylsulfatase A (ASA). The disease is characterized by accumulation of 3-O-sulfogalactosylceramide (sulfatide), progressive demyelination of the nervous system and premature death. Enzyme replacement therapy (ERT), based on regular intravenous injections of recombinant functional enzyme, is in clinical use for several LSDs. For MLD and other LSDs with central nervous system (CNS) involvement, however, ERT is limited by the blood-brain barrier (BBB) restricting transport of therapeutic enzymes from the blood to the brain...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215425/outcomes-of-lung-transplantation-for-infants-and-children-with-genetic-disorders-of-surfactant-metabolism
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Whitney B Eldridge, Qunyuan Zhang, Albert Faro, Stuart C Sweet, Pirooz Eghtesady, Aaron Hamvas, F Sessions Cole, Jennifer A Wambach
OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes of infants and children who underwent lung transplantation for genetic disorders of surfactant metabolism (SFTPB, SFTPC, ABCA3, and NKX2-1) over 2 epochs (1993-2003 and 2004-2015) at St Louis Children's Hospital. STUDY DESIGN: We retrospectively reviewed clinical characteristics, mortality, and short- and long-term morbidities of infants (transplanted at <1 year; n = 28) and children (transplanted >1 year; n = 16) and compared outcomes by age at transplantation (infants vs children) and by epoch of transplantation...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
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