keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Histo

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918380/genetic-susceptibility-to-norovirus-gii-4-sydney-strain-infections-in-taiwanese-children
#1
Li-Tzu Tu, Fu-Ping Liu, Yhu-Chering Huang, Chung-Guei Huang, Shuan Yang, Kuo-Chien Tsao, Ming-Wei Lai, Chih-Jung Chen
BACKGROUND: A comprehensive evaluation of associations between the susceptibility to norovirus infections and histo-blood group antigens is not available in the Taiwanese population, in which the non-secretor phenotype is absent. METHODS: A 1:1 matched case-control study was conducted in northern Taiwan from February, 2013 to December, 2014 when an epidemic of norovirus infection occurred. Cases were children < 18 years old who were hospitalized because of diarrhea and were found to have laboratory-confirmed norovirus infections...
December 1, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905110/distinct-molecular-landscapes-between-endometrioid-and-non-endometrioid-uterine-carcinomas
#2
Nathaniel L Jones, Joanne Xiu, Sudeshna Chatterjee-Paer, Alexandre Buckley de Meritens, William M Burke, Ana I Tergas, Jason D Wright, June Y Hou
Endometrial carcinoma (EC) is traditionally characterized as endometrioid and non-endometrioid based on histo-pathologic phenotypes. Molecular-based classifications have been proposed, but are not widely implemented. Herein we examine molecular profiles between EC histologic subtypes. 3133 ECs were submitted between March 2011 and July 2014: 1634 Type I and 1226 Type II. In situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry were used to assess copy number and protein expression of selected genes. Sequenced variants in 47 genes were analyzed using the Illumina TruSeq Amplicon Cancer Panel...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904443/prognosis-estimation-under-the-light-of-metabolic-tumor-parameters-on-initial-fdg-pet-ct-in-patients-with-primary-extranodal-lymphoma
#3
Kursat Okuyucu, Sukru Ozaydın, Engin Alagoz, Gokhan Ozgur, Semra Ince, Fahrettin Guven Oysul, Ozlem Ozmen, Murat Tuncel, Mustafa Ozturk, Nuri Arslan
BACKGROUND: Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas arising from the tissues other than primary lymphatic organs are named primary extranodal lymphoma. Most of the studies evaluated metabolic tumor parameters in different organs and histopathologic variants of this disease generally for treatment response. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of metabolic tumor parameters derived from initial FDG-PET/CT in patients with a medley of primary extranodal lymphoma in this study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: There were 67 patients with primary extranodal lymphoma for whom FDG-PET/CT was requested for primary staging...
December 1, 2016: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893778/mycobacterium-ulcerans-mouse-model-refinement-for-pre-clinical-profiling-of-vaccine-candidates
#4
Angèle Bénard, Claudia Sala, Gerd Pluschke
Buruli Ulcer is a neglected tropical disease leading to extensive disabilities and morbidity in West Africa. In this paper we sought to characterize various strains of Mycobacterium ulcerans (M.ulcerans) with different origins and laboratory passage records while refining a mouse model for Buruli ulcer. We described, compared and followed the kinetics of the histo-pathological outcome of infection of a collection of strains at various anatomical sites of infection in order to find a suitable model for further immunization studies...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893352/prevalence-of-antibodies-to-a-new-histo-blood-system-the-fors-system
#5
Carlos Jesus, Camilla Hesse, Clara Rocha, Nádia Osório, Ana Valado, Armando Caseiro, António Gabriel, Lola Svensson, Ali-Reza Moslemi, Wafa Abu Siba, Mahmoud A Srour, Cristina Pereira, Jorge Tomaz, Paulo Teixeira, Fernando Mendes
BACKGROUND: In 1987, three unrelated English families were reported with a putative blood subgroup called Apae. Swedish researchers later found evidence leading to abolishment of the Apae subgroup and establishment instead of the FORS blood group system (System 31 - ISBT, 2012). It is important to know the prevalence of antibodies in order to make the best decisions in transfusion medicine. Cells expressing the Forssman saccharide, such as sheep erythrocytes, are needed to detect the anti-Forssman antibody...
October 24, 2016: Blood Transfusion, Trasfusione del Sangue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891473/a-comparison-of-conventional-and-microwave-decalcification-and-processing-of-tooth-and-mandibular-bone-specimens
#6
A Thirumal Raj, Shankargouda Patil, Roopa S Rao
INTRODUCTION: Any laboratory procedure exposes the technician and the pathologists to the hazardous effects of chemicals. Conventional procedures like decalcification and histo-processing employed in laboratories are labour intense and time consuming thereby delaying the report dispatch. The present study was an attempt to employ a kitchen microwave to hasten the process and facilitate faster and accurate reporting; thus, benefitting the technician, pathologist and the patient. AIM: To compare conventional and microwave based decalci-fication, processing and staining of tooth and mandibular bone specimens using 5% nitric acid as decalcifying agent...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891241/no-evidence-of-prenatal-diversifying-selection-at-locus-or-supertype-levels-in-the-dog-mhc-class-ii-loci
#7
Alina K Niskanen, Lorna J Kennedy, Hannes Lohi, Jouni Aspi, Tanja Pyhäjärvi
BACKGROUND: Despite decades of studying, the mechanisms maintaining high diversity in the genes of the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) are still puzzling scientists. In addition to pathogen recognition and other functions, MHC molecules may act prenatally in mate choice and in maternal-foetal interactions. These interactions are potential selective mechanisms that increase genetic diversity in the MHC. During pregnancy, immune response has a dual role: the foetus represents foreign tissue compared to mother, but histo-incompatibility is required for successful pregnancy...
2016: Canine Genetics and Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880945/immunohistochemical-staining-of-histological-fragments-derived-from-salivary-gland-tumour-fine-needle-biopsy-aspirates
#8
Marie Lundberg, Berent Munsterhjelm, Antti Mäkitie, Ilmo Leivo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe a method for analysing histological fragments derived from fine- needle aspirate biopsy (FNAB) of salivary gland tumours (SGTs), and to evaluate the use of immunohistochemistry (IHC) on them. STUDY DESIGN: We reviewed all 509 FNAB pathology reports taken from SGTs at Helsinki University Hospital, Finland, between 1999 and 2009. In 51% of the cases (n = 209) "histo-fragments" had been obtained and 31 had been further analysed by IHC...
November 24, 2016: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865657/cranial-adaptations-for-feeding-on-snails-in-species-of-sibynomorphus-dipsadidae-dipsadinae
#9
Marina Meireles Dos Santos, Fernanda Magalhães da Silva, Erika Hingst-Zaher, Fabio Andrade Machado, Hussam El Dine Zaher, Ana Lúcia da Costa Prudente
Neotropical "goo-eating" dipsadine snakes display a set of morphological and histo-chemical adaptations linked to the capture of their soft-bodied, viscous invertebrate prey. Within this group, species from the genus Sibynomorphus feed chiefly on snails and slugs. Here, we analyzed a series of skull and mandible characters in S. mikanii, S. neuwiedi and S. turgidus using geometric morphometrics, with the aim of assessing morphological adaptations related to slug- and snail-feeding in that genus. We further compared the results with Leptodeira annulata, a species that feeds on vertebrates...
September 28, 2016: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863762/structural-diversity-and-biological-importance-of-abo-h-lewis-and-secretor-histo-blood-group-carbohydrates
#10
Luiz Carlos de Mattos
ABO, H, secretor and Lewis histo-blood system genes control the expression of part of the carbohydrate repertoire present in areas of the body occupied by microorganisms. These carbohydrates, besides having great structural diversity, act as potential receptors for pathogenic and non-pathogenic microorganisms influencing susceptibility and resistance to infection and illness. Despite the knowledge of some structural variability of these carbohydrate antigens and their polymorphic levels of expression in tissue and exocrine secretions, little is known about their biological importance and potential applications in medicine...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863461/pooled-genome-wide-association-detects-association-upstream-of-fcrl3-with-graves-disease
#11
Jwu Jin Khong, Kathryn P Burdon, Yi Lu, Kate Laurie, Lefta Leonardos, Paul N Baird, Srujana Sahebjada, John P Walsh, Adam Gajdatsy, Peter R Ebeling, Peter Shane Hamblin, Rosemary Wong, Simon P Forehan, Spiros Fourlanos, Anthony P Roberts, Matthew Doogue, Dinesh Selva, Grant W Montgomery, Stuart Macgregor, Jamie E Craig
BACKGROUND: Graves' disease is an autoimmune thyroid disease of complex inheritance. Multiple genetic susceptibility loci are thought to be involved in Graves' disease and it is therefore likely that these can be identified by genome wide association studies. This study aimed to determine if a genome wide association study, using a pooling methodology, could detect genomic loci associated with Graves' disease. RESULTS: Nineteen of the top ranking single nucleotide polymorphisms including HLA-DQA1 and C6orf10, were clustered within the Major Histo-compatibility Complex region on chromosome 6p21, with rs1613056 reaching genome wide significance (p = 5 × 10(-8))...
November 18, 2016: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847433/the-effects-of-paeoniflorin-injection-on-soluble-triggering-receptor-expressed-on-myeloid-1-strem-1-levels-in-severe-septic-rats
#12
Xiao-Rong Liu, Jie Xu, Yi-Min Wang, Ming-Suo Ji, Fu-Shan Liu
Paeoniflorin (PAE) is the most abundant compound in Xuebijing injection widely used to treat sepsis. We aimed to investigate effect of PAE on expression of soluble triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (sTREM-1) in a rat model of sepsis. Wistar rats were divided into Normal, Model, and PAE groups (n=20 each). Endotoxin was administrated at 5 mg/ml/kg in Model and PAE rats to establish rat sepsis model. 1 h after endotoxin administration, PAE was administrated at 4 ml/kg in PAE group once per day for 3 days...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846855/changes-in-ceftriaxone-pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics-during-the-early-phase-of-sepsis-a-prospective-experimental-study-in-the-rat
#13
Valentina Selmi, Beatrice Loriga, Luca Vitali, Martina Carlucci, Alessandro Di Filippo, Giulio Carta, Eleonora Sgambati, Lorenzo Tofani, Angelo Raffaele De Gaudio, Andrea Novelli, Chiara Adembri
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is characterized by the loss of the perm-selectivity properties of the glomerular filtration barrier (GFB) with consequent albuminuria. We examined whether the pharmacokinetics-pharmacodynamics (PK/PD) of ceftriaxone (CTX), an extensively protein-bound 3rd generation cephalosporin, is altered during early sepsis and whether an increase in urinary loss of bound-CTX, due to GFB alteration, can occur in this condition. METHODS: A prospective, experimental, randomized study was carried out in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830885/the-protective-role-of-melatonin-on-l-arginine-induced-acute-pancreatitis-in-adult-male-albino-rats
#14
Ahmed S Sadek, Rehab T Khattab
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammatory disease that has an increasing incidence worldwide. It is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates ranging from 15-40% in its severe form. Oxidative stress plays an important role in pancreatic acinar cell injury in case of AP. Melatonin is proven to have both antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of the work was to investigate the protective role of melatonin (Mel) against L-arginine (L-arg)-induced AP in adult male albino rats...
November 10, 2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830193/human-norovirus-aptamer-exhibits-high-degree-of-target-conformation-dependent-binding-similar-to-that-of-receptors-and-discriminates-particle-functionality
#15
Matthew D Moore, Benjamin G Bobay, Brittany Mertens, Lee-Ann Jaykus
Although two in vitro cultivation methods have been reported, discrimination of infectious human norovirus particles for study of viral inactivation is still a challenge, as both rely on reverse transcriptase quantitative PCR. Histo-blood group antigen (HBGA) binding assays serve as a proxy for estimation of infectious particles; however, they are costly and difficult to purify/modify. Some evidence suggests that certain nucleic acid aptamers only bind intact target proteins, thus displaying a high degree of conformation-dependent binding...
November 2016: MSphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811863/histo-anatomic-3d-printing-of-dental-structures
#16
J Schweiger, F Beuer, M Stimmelmayr, D Edelhoff, P Magne, J F Güth
The creation of dental restorations with natural appearance and biomechanics represents a major challenge for the restorative team. The manufacturing-process of high-aesthetic restorations from tooth-coloured restorative materials is currently dominated by manual manufacturing procedures and the outcome is highly dependent on the knowledge and skills of the performing dental technician. On the other hand, due to the simplicity of the manufacturing process, CAD/CAM restorations from different material classes gain more and more acceptance in the daily routine...
November 4, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792004/analysis-of-micro-vascularization-with-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-ceus-in-thyroid-lesions-using-external-perfusion-software-first-results
#17
I Wiesinger, E Kroiss, M Hornung, C Stroszczynski, E M Jung
AIM: To determine different perfusion characteristics of histo-pathologically proven adenomas and carcinomas of thethyroid gland with CEUS and perfusion software. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective perfusion analysis of 25 patients with carcinomas and 42 cases of adenomas of the thyroid gland. All cases were histologically analyzed. Perfusion analysis was independently performed using external perfusion software (VueBox®). TTP, MTT, Peak and Rise time were calculated...
October 27, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790441/risk-stratification-in-paragangliomas-with-pass-pheochromocytoma-of-the-adrenal-gland-scaled-score-and-immunohistochemical-markers
#18
Maithili Mandar Kulkarni, Siddhi Gaurish Sinai Khandeparkar, Sanjay D Deshmukh, R R Karekar, Vandana L Gaopande, Avinash R Joshi, Mrunal V Kesari, R R Shelke
INTRODUCTION: Paragangliomas (PGLs) are rare tumours that arise in sympathetic and parasympathetic paraganglia and are derived from neural crest cells. Presence of metastasis is the only absolute criterion for malignancy. There is no single histo-morphological feature indicating malignant potential and multiple parameters have been proposed to prognosticate the individual case. This includes studies conducted using Pheochromocytoma of the Adrenal Gland Scaled Score (PASS) and Immunohistochemical (IHC) markers...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774424/anti-arthritic-activity-of-a-classical-ayurvedic-formulation-vatari-guggulu-in-rats
#19
Madhavi G Patel, Kilambi Pundarikakshudu
In India, Vatari Guggulu has been traditionally used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The current study was undertaken to evaluate anti-arthritic activity of alcoholic extract of Vatari Guggulu in rats. Arthritis was induced by administration of formaldehyde (2%v/v) or Complete Freund's Adjuvant (CFA) into the sub-plantar surface of left hind paw of the animals. The extract was administered to the rats by oral gavages in different doses. Joint swelling was measured in formaldehyde induced arthritis...
October 2016: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771059/experimental-infection-of-new-zealand-merino-sheep-with-a-suspension-of-mycobacterium-avium-subspecies-paratuberculosis-map-strain-telford-kinetics-of-the-immune-response-histopathology-and-map-culture
#20
Venkata S R Dukkipati, Anne L Ridler, Keith G Thompson, Bryce M Buddle, Barry A Hedgespeth, Marian Price-Carter, Douglas J Begg, Richard J Whittington, Brigitte Gicquel, Alan Murray
A long-term study was undertaken to monitor immune responses, faecal cultures and clinical disease in sheep experimentally infected with Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (Map) strain Telford. New Zealand Merino lambs (N=56) were challenged with three oral doses of Map suspension. The lambs were weighed and faecal and blood samples obtained at different time-points. At 63 weeks post-challenge, surviving sheep were euthanised and samples of liver, ileo-caecal valve and mesenteric lymph node were collected for histopathology and Map culture...
November 15, 2016: Veterinary Microbiology
keyword
keyword
57556
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"