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risk factors associated with rugby injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708701/self-reported-concussion-history-and-sensorimotor-tests-predict-head-neck-injuries
#1
Julie A Hides, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, M Dilani Mendis, Julia Treleaven, Andrew H Rotstein, Christopher T Sexton, Nancy Low Choy, Paul McCrory
PURPOSE: Sports related concussion (SRC) is a risk for players involved in high impact, collision sports. A history of SRC is a risk factor for future concussions, but the mechanisms underlying this are unknown. Despite evidence that most visible signs and symptoms associated with sports concussion resolve within 7-10 days, it has been proposed that subclinical loss of neuromuscular control and impaired motor functioning may persist and be associated with further injury. Alternatively, indicators of poor sensorimotor performance could be independent risk factors...
July 13, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642222/risk-factors-for-head-injury-events-in-professional-rugby-union-a-video-analysis-of-464-head-injury-events-to-inform-proposed-injury-prevention-strategies
#2
Ross Tucker, Martin Raftery, Simon Kemp, James Brown, Gordon Fuller, Ben Hester, Matthew Cross, Ken Quarrie
OBJECTIVES: The tackle is responsible for the majority of head injuries during rugby union. In order to address head injury risk, risk factors during the tackle must first be identified. This study analysed tackle characteristics in the professional game in order to inform potential interventions. METHODS: 464 tackles resulting in a head injury assessment (HIA) were analysed in detail, with tackle type, direction, speed, acceleration, nature of head contact and player body position the characteristics of interest...
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558447/physical-characteristics-associated-with-neck-pain-and-injury-in-rugby-union-players
#3
Suzanne J Snodgrass, Peter G Osmotherly, Susan A Reid, Peter D Milburn, Darren A Rivett
BACKGROUND: Neck pain and injury are common in rugby union. Physical characteristics predisposing players to neck injury are largely unknown. This study aimed to determine physical characteristics associated with neck pain and injury in rugby union players. METHODS: Semi-professional rugby union players (n=142) underwent pre-season measurements including cervical active range of motion (AROM), strength, sensorimotor proprioception (joint position error), and anthropometry...
May 30, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361327/how-much-rugby-is-too-much-a-seven-season-prospective-cohort-study-of-match-exposure-and-injury-risk-in-professional-rugby-union-players
#4
Sean Williams, Grant Trewartha, Simon P T Kemp, John H M Brooks, Colin W Fuller, Aileen E Taylor, Matthew J Cross, Gavin Shaddick, Keith A Stokes
INTRODUCTION: Numerous studies have documented the incidence and nature of injuries in professional rugby union, but few have identified specific risk factors for injury in this population using appropriate statistical methods. In particular, little is known about the role of previous short-term or longer-term match exposures in current injury risk in this setting. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to investigate the influence that match exposure has upon injury risk in rugby union...
March 30, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169148/risk-factors-that-predict-severe-injuries-in-university-rugby-sevens-players
#5
Rezvan Mirsafaei Rizi, Simon S Yeung, Nathan J Stewart, Ella W Yeung
OBJECTIVES: To investigate injury incidence and the influence of physical fitness parameters on the risk of severe injuries in players on rugby sevens university teams. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Rugby players from three universities (N=104; 90M:14F; 20.6±1.9years) were recruited before the beginning of the season. Players underwent pre-season assessments of power, strength, speed, agility, endurance, stability, and flexibility...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125898/mechanisms-and-factors-associated-with-tackle-related-injuries-in-south-african-youth-rugby-union-players
#6
Nicholas Burger, Mike Ian Lambert, Wayne Viljoen, James Craig Brown, Clint Readhead, Steve den Hollander, Sharief Hendricks
BACKGROUND: The majority of injuries in rugby union occur during tackle events. The mechanisms and causes of these injuries are well established in senior rugby union. PURPOSE: To use information from an injury database and assess video footage of tackle-related injuries in youth rugby union matches to identify environmental factors and mechanisms that are potentially confounding to these injuries. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study...
February 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918659/importance-of-various-training-load-measures-on-injury-incidence-of-professional-rugby-league-athletes
#7
Heidi R Thornton, Jace A Delaney, Grant M Duthie, Ben J Dascombe
PURPOSE: To investigate the ability of various internal and external training load (TL) monitoring measures to predict injury incidence amongst positional groups within professional rugby league athletes. METHODS: TL and injury data were collected across 3 seasons (2013-2015) from twenty-five players competing in the National Rugby League competition. Daily TL data were included in the analysis, including session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE-TL), total distance (TD), high-speed running distance (HSD; >5m·s(-1)) and high-metabolic power distance (HPD; >20 W·kg(-1))...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506436/managing-player-load-in-professional-rugby-union-a-review-of-current-knowledge-and-practices
#8
REVIEW
Kenneth L Quarrie, Martin Raftery, Josh Blackie, Christian J Cook, Colin W Fuller, Tim J Gabbett, Andrew J Gray, Nicholas Gill, Liam Hennessy, Simon Kemp, Mike Lambert, Rob Nichol, Stephen D Mellalieu, Julien Piscione, Jörg Stadelmann, Ross Tucker
BACKGROUND: The loads to which professional rugby players are subjected has been identified as a concern by coaches, players and administrators. In November 2014, World Rugby commissioned an expert group to identify the physical demands and non-physical load issues associated with participation in professional rugby. OBJECTIVE: To describe the current state of knowledge about the loads encountered by professional rugby players and the implications for their physical and mental health...
March 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27252828/match-injuries-in-amateur-rugby-union-a-prospective-cohort-study-fics-biennial-symposium-second-prize-research-award
#9
Michael S Swain, Reidar P Lystad, Nicholas Henschke, Christopher G Maher, Steven J Kamper
BACKGROUND: The majority of Rugby Union (rugby) players participate at the amateur level. Knowledge of player characteristics and injury risks is predominantly ascertained from studies on professional or junior athletes in rugby. The objectives of the current study are to: (1) describe the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and physical characteristics of a cohort of amateur rugby players; (2) describe the incidence, severity and mechanism of match injuries in amateur rugby, and; (3) explore factors associated with rates of match injury in this population...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27142535/movement-patterns-and-muscular-function-before-and-after-onset-of-sports-related-groin-pain-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Paulina Kloskowska, Dylan Morrissey, Claire Small, Peter Malliaras, Christian Barton
BACKGROUND: Sports-related groin pain (SRGP) is a common entity in rotational sports such as football, rugby and hockey, accounting for 12-18 % of injuries each year, with high recurrence rates and often prolonged time away from sport. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review synthesises movement and muscle function findings to better understand deficits and guide rehabilitation. STUDY SELECTION: Prospective and retrospective cross-sectional studies investigating muscle strength, flexibility, cross-sectional area, electromyographic activation onset and magnitude in patients with SRGP were included...
December 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26781294/tackle-technique-and-tackle-related-injuries-in-high-level-south-african-rugby-union-under-18-players-real-match-video-analysis
#11
Nicholas Burger, Michael I Lambert, Wayne Viljoen, James C Brown, Clint Readhead, Sharief Hendricks
BACKGROUND: The high injury rate associated with rugby union is primarily due to the tackle, and poor contact technique has been identified as a risk factor for injury. We aimed to determine whether the tackle technique proficiency scores were different in injurious tackles versus tackles that did not result in injury using real-match scenarios in high-level youth rugby union. METHODS: Injury surveillance was conducted at the under-18 Craven Week tournaments (2011-2013)...
August 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26701931/risus-study-rugby-injury-surveillance-in-ulster-schools
#12
H A P Archbold, A T Rankin, M Webb, R Nicholas, N W A Eames, R K Wilson, L A Henderson, G J Heyes, C M Bleakley
OBJECTIVE: To examine injury patterns in adolescent rugby players and determine factors associated with injury risk. DESIGN: Prospective injury surveillance study. SETTING: N=28 Grammar Schools in Ulster, Ireland (2014-2015 playing season). PARTICIPANTS: 825 adolescent rugby players, across in 28 school first XV rugby squads; mean age 16.9 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Injuries were classified by body part and diagnosis, and injury incidence using injuries per 1000 match hours of exposure...
April 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26337245/eccentric-knee-flexor-strength-and-risk-of-hamstring-injuries-in-rugby-union-a-prospective-study
#13
Matthew N Bourne, David A Opar, Morgan D Williams, Anthony J Shield
BACKGROUND: Hamstring strain injuries (HSIs) represent the most common cause of lost playing time in rugby union. Eccentric knee flexor weakness and between-limb imbalance in eccentric knee flexor strength are associated with a heightened risk of HSIs in other sports; however, these variables have not been explored in rugby union. PURPOSE: To determine if lower levels of eccentric knee flexor strength or greater between-limb imbalance in this parameter during the Nordic hamstring exercise are risk factors for HSIs in rugby union...
November 2015: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25329428/prevention-of-orofacial-injury-via-the-use-of-mouthguards-among-young-male-rugby-players
#14
Y Tanaka, Y Maeda, T-C Yang, T Ando, Y Tauchi, H Miyanaga
The purpose of this study was to examine factors hindering the use of mouthguards and the incidence of orofacial injury among young male rugby players. 69 high school rugby players (Group 1) and 431 medical student rugby players (Group 2) participated in this study. Participants in Group 1 used custom-made mouthguards fabricated according to a standardized method, whereas participants in Group 2 used custom-made or over-the-counter mouthguards of their choice. The factors associated with orofacial injury were assessed by logistic regression analysis, while factors hindering mouthguard use were assessed by multinomial logistic regression analysis...
March 2015: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24797427/comparative-cervical-profiles-of-adult-and-under-18-front-row-rugby-players-implications-for-playing-policy
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
D F Hamilton, D Gatherer, J Robson, N Graham, N Rennie, J G B Maclean, A H R W Simpson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cervical isometric strength, fatigue endurance and range of motion of adult and under-18 age-grade front-row rugby players to inform the development of a safe age group policy with particular reference to scrummaging. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. SETTING: 'Field testing' at Murrayfield stadium. PARTICIPANTS: 30 high-performance under-18 players and 22 adult front-row rugby players. OUTCOME MEASURES: Isometric neck strength, height, weight and grip strength...
2014: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24462116/predictive-factors-for-ankle-syndesmosis-injury-in-football-players-a-prospective-study
#16
Amy D Sman, Claire E Hiller, Katherine Rae, James Linklater, John Morellato, Nathan Trist, Leslie L Nicholson, Deborah A Black, Kathryn M Refshauge
OBJECTIVES: Up to 25% of all ankle injuries involve the ankle syndesmosis and factors that increase risk have yet to be investigated prospectively. This study aimed to identify predictors of ankle syndesmosis injury in football players. DESIGN: A prospective study. METHODS: Rugby Union and Australian Football League players were recruited during 2010. Rugby League and different Rugby Union players were recruited during 2011. Baseline data collection included: age, body size, flexibility, strength and balance...
November 2014: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24030696/traumatic-brain-injury-endocrine-consequences-in-children-and-adults
#17
REVIEW
Erick Richmond, Alan D Rogol
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common cause of death and disability in young adults with consequences ranging from physical disabilities to long-term cognitive, behavioral, psychological and social defects. Recent data suggest that pituitary hormone deficiency is not infrequent among TBI survivors; the prevalence of reported hypopituitarism following TBI varies widely among published studies. The most common cause of TBI is motor vehicle accidents, including pedestrian-car and bicycle car encounters, falls, child abuse, violence and sports injuries...
February 2014: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23948328/can-glenohumeral-joint-isokinetic-strength-and-range-of-movement-predict-injury-in-professional-rugby-league
#18
Andrew McDonough, Lennard Funk
OBJECTIVE: To isokinetically record shoulder strength scores and range of motion in a professional rugby league squad. To prospectively monitor injuries over a season looking for associations between measured variables and injury. DESIGN: A cohort study design involving prospective screening of risk factors with subsequent injury surveillance. SETTING: University Sports Science Laboratory and Professional Rugby League Club. PARTICIPANTS: All players participating in the clubs reserve team squad for the 2011 season (n = 20)...
May 2014: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23628788/risk-factors-for-meniscal-tears-a-systematic-review-including-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Barbara A M Snoeker, Eric W P Bakker, Cornelia A T Kegel, Cees Lucas
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. OBJECTIVES: To review and critically appraise the literature for factors that increase the risk for meniscal tears. BACKGROUND: Meniscal tears are an important cause of disability and time lost from work, and are associated with a 4-fold increase in the long-term risk of knee osteoarthritis. Knowledge of the risk factors that lead to meniscal tears can help to correctly diagnose knee injuries and is important to the development of prevention strategies for knee osteoarthritis...
June 2013: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23315754/the-ergonomics-of-wheelchair-configuration-for-optimal-performance-in-the-wheelchair-court-sports
#20
REVIEW
Barry S Mason, Lucas H V van der Woude, Victoria L Goosey-Tolfrey
Optimizing mobility performance in wheelchair court sports (basketball, rugby and tennis) is dependent on a combination of factors associated with the user, the wheelchair and the interfacing between the two. Substantial research has been attributed to the wheelchair athlete yet very little has focused on the role of the wheelchair and the wheelchair-user combination. This article aims to review relevant scientific literature that has investigated the effects of wheelchair configuration on aspects of mobility performance from an ergonomics perspective...
January 2013: Sports Medicine
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