Read by QxMD icon Read

risk factors associated with rugby injuries

Rezvan Mirsafaei Rizi, Simon S Yeung, Nathan J Stewart, Ella W Yeung
OBJECTIVES: To investigate injury incidence and the influence of physical fitness parameters on the risk of severe injuries in players on rugby sevens university teams. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Rugby players from three universities (N=104; 90M:14F; 20.6±1.9years) were recruited before the beginning of the season. Players underwent pre-season assessments of power, strength, speed, agility, endurance, stability, and flexibility...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Nicholas Burger, Mike Ian Lambert, Wayne Viljoen, James Craig Brown, Clint Readhead, Steve den Hollander, Sharief Hendricks
BACKGROUND: The majority of injuries in rugby union occur during tackle events. The mechanisms and causes of these injuries are well established in senior rugby union. PURPOSE: To use information from an injury database and assess video footage of tackle-related injuries in youth rugby union matches to identify environmental factors and mechanisms that are potentially confounding to these injuries. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study...
February 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Heidi R Thornton, Jace A Delaney, Grant M Duthie, Ben J Dascombe
PURPOSE: To investigate the ability of various internal and external training load (TL) monitoring measures to predict injury incidence amongst positional groups within professional rugby league athletes. METHODS: TL and injury data were collected across 3 seasons (2013-2015) from twenty-five players competing in the National Rugby League competition. Daily TL data were included in the analysis, including session rating of perceived exertion (sRPE-TL), total distance (TD), high-speed running distance (HSD; >5m·s(-1)) and high-metabolic power distance (HPD; >20 W·kg(-1))...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Kenneth L Quarrie, Martin Raftery, Josh Blackie, Christian J Cook, Colin W Fuller, Tim J Gabbett, Andrew J Gray, Nicholas Gill, Liam Hennessy, Simon Kemp, Mike Lambert, Rob Nichol, Stephen D Mellalieu, Julien Piscione, Jörg Stadelmann, Ross Tucker
BACKGROUND: The loads to which professional rugby players are subjected has been identified as a concern by coaches, players and administrators. In November 2014, World Rugby commissioned an expert group to identify the physical demands and non-physical load issues associated with participation in professional rugby. OBJECTIVE: To describe the current state of knowledge about the loads encountered by professional rugby players and the implications for their physical and mental health...
August 9, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Michael S Swain, Reidar P Lystad, Nicholas Henschke, Christopher G Maher, Steven J Kamper
BACKGROUND: The majority of Rugby Union (rugby) players participate at the amateur level. Knowledge of player characteristics and injury risks is predominantly ascertained from studies on professional or junior athletes in rugby. The objectives of the current study are to: (1) describe the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and physical characteristics of a cohort of amateur rugby players; (2) describe the incidence, severity and mechanism of match injuries in amateur rugby, and; (3) explore factors associated with rates of match injury in this population...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
Paulina Kloskowska, Dylan Morrissey, Claire Small, Peter Malliaras, Christian Barton
BACKGROUND: Sports-related groin pain (SRGP) is a common entity in rotational sports such as football, rugby and hockey, accounting for 12-18 % of injuries each year, with high recurrence rates and often prolonged time away from sport. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review synthesises movement and muscle function findings to better understand deficits and guide rehabilitation. STUDY SELECTION: Prospective and retrospective cross-sectional studies investigating muscle strength, flexibility, cross-sectional area, electromyographic activation onset and magnitude in patients with SRGP were included...
December 2016: Sports Medicine
Nicholas Burger, Michael I Lambert, Wayne Viljoen, James C Brown, Clint Readhead, Sharief Hendricks
BACKGROUND: The high injury rate associated with rugby union is primarily due to the tackle, and poor contact technique has been identified as a risk factor for injury. We aimed to determine whether the tackle technique proficiency scores were different in injurious tackles versus tackles that did not result in injury using real-match scenarios in high-level youth rugby union. METHODS: Injury surveillance was conducted at the under-18 Craven Week tournaments (2011-2013)...
August 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
H A P Archbold, A T Rankin, M Webb, R Nicholas, N W A Eames, R K Wilson, L A Henderson, G J Heyes, C M Bleakley
OBJECTIVE: To examine injury patterns in adolescent rugby players and determine factors associated with injury risk. DESIGN: Prospective injury surveillance study. SETTING: N=28 Grammar Schools in Ulster, Ireland (2014-2015 playing season). PARTICIPANTS: 825 adolescent rugby players, across in 28 school first XV rugby squads; mean age 16.9 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Injuries were classified by body part and diagnosis, and injury incidence using injuries per 1000 match hours of exposure...
December 23, 2015: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Matthew N Bourne, David A Opar, Morgan D Williams, Anthony J Shield
BACKGROUND: Hamstring strain injuries (HSIs) represent the most common cause of lost playing time in rugby union. Eccentric knee flexor weakness and between-limb imbalance in eccentric knee flexor strength are associated with a heightened risk of HSIs in other sports; however, these variables have not been explored in rugby union. PURPOSE: To determine if lower levels of eccentric knee flexor strength or greater between-limb imbalance in this parameter during the Nordic hamstring exercise are risk factors for HSIs in rugby union...
November 2015: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Y Tanaka, Y Maeda, T-C Yang, T Ando, Y Tauchi, H Miyanaga
The purpose of this study was to examine factors hindering the use of mouthguards and the incidence of orofacial injury among young male rugby players. 69 high school rugby players (Group 1) and 431 medical student rugby players (Group 2) participated in this study. Participants in Group 1 used custom-made mouthguards fabricated according to a standardized method, whereas participants in Group 2 used custom-made or over-the-counter mouthguards of their choice. The factors associated with orofacial injury were assessed by logistic regression analysis, while factors hindering mouthguard use were assessed by multinomial logistic regression analysis...
March 2015: International Journal of Sports Medicine
D F Hamilton, D Gatherer, J Robson, N Graham, N Rennie, J G B Maclean, A H R W Simpson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cervical isometric strength, fatigue endurance and range of motion of adult and under-18 age-grade front-row rugby players to inform the development of a safe age group policy with particular reference to scrummaging. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. SETTING: 'Field testing' at Murrayfield stadium. PARTICIPANTS: 30 high-performance under-18 players and 22 adult front-row rugby players. OUTCOME MEASURES: Isometric neck strength, height, weight and grip strength...
2014: BMJ Open
Amy D Sman, Claire E Hiller, Katherine Rae, James Linklater, John Morellato, Nathan Trist, Leslie L Nicholson, Deborah A Black, Kathryn M Refshauge
OBJECTIVES: Up to 25% of all ankle injuries involve the ankle syndesmosis and factors that increase risk have yet to be investigated prospectively. This study aimed to identify predictors of ankle syndesmosis injury in football players. DESIGN: A prospective study. METHODS: Rugby Union and Australian Football League players were recruited during 2010. Rugby League and different Rugby Union players were recruited during 2011. Baseline data collection included: age, body size, flexibility, strength and balance...
November 2014: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Erick Richmond, Alan D Rogol
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common cause of death and disability in young adults with consequences ranging from physical disabilities to long-term cognitive, behavioral, psychological and social defects. Recent data suggest that pituitary hormone deficiency is not infrequent among TBI survivors; the prevalence of reported hypopituitarism following TBI varies widely among published studies. The most common cause of TBI is motor vehicle accidents, including pedestrian-car and bicycle car encounters, falls, child abuse, violence and sports injuries...
February 2014: Endocrine
Andrew McDonough, Lennard Funk
OBJECTIVE: To isokinetically record shoulder strength scores and range of motion in a professional rugby league squad. To prospectively monitor injuries over a season looking for associations between measured variables and injury. DESIGN: A cohort study design involving prospective screening of risk factors with subsequent injury surveillance. SETTING: University Sports Science Laboratory and Professional Rugby League Club. PARTICIPANTS: All players participating in the clubs reserve team squad for the 2011 season (n = 20)...
May 2014: Physical Therapy in Sport
Barbara A M Snoeker, Eric W P Bakker, Cornelia A T Kegel, Cees Lucas
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. OBJECTIVES: To review and critically appraise the literature for factors that increase the risk for meniscal tears. BACKGROUND: Meniscal tears are an important cause of disability and time lost from work, and are associated with a 4-fold increase in the long-term risk of knee osteoarthritis. Knowledge of the risk factors that lead to meniscal tears can help to correctly diagnose knee injuries and is important to the development of prevention strategies for knee osteoarthritis...
June 2013: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Barry S Mason, Lucas H V van der Woude, Victoria L Goosey-Tolfrey
Optimizing mobility performance in wheelchair court sports (basketball, rugby and tennis) is dependent on a combination of factors associated with the user, the wheelchair and the interfacing between the two. Substantial research has been attributed to the wheelchair athlete yet very little has focused on the role of the wheelchair and the wheelchair-user combination. This article aims to review relevant scientific literature that has investigated the effects of wheelchair configuration on aspects of mobility performance from an ergonomics perspective...
January 2013: Sports Medicine
Kimberly G Harmon, Jonathan A Drezner, Matthew Gammons, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Mark Halstead, Stanley A Herring, Jeffrey S Kutcher, Andrea Pana, Margot Putukian, William O Roberts
UNLABELLED: PURPOSE OF THE STATEMENT: ▸ To provide an evidence-based, best practises summary to assist physicians with the evaluation and management of sports concussion. ▸ To establish the level of evidence, knowledge gaps and areas requiring additional research. IMPORTANCE OF AN AMSSM STATEMENT: ▸ Sports medicine physicians are frequently involved in the care of patients with sports concussion. ▸ Sports medicine physicians are specifically trained to provide care along the continuum of sports concussion from the acute injury to return-to-play (RTP) decisions...
January 2013: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Juliana Usman, Andrew Stuart McIntosh
BACKGROUND: There have been few in-depth studies of upper limb injury epidemiology in rugby union football, despite reports that they accounted for between 14% and 28% of all rugby injuries. OBJECTIVE: To report on upper limb injury incidence, injury severity and to identify the risk factors associated with upper limb injuries, for example, level of play, season (years) and playing position. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study across five rugby seasons from 2004 to 2008...
April 2013: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Tim J Gabbett, Shahid Ullah, Caroline F Finch
OBJECTIVES: Well-developed physical qualities may protect against contact injuries. However, the potential contribution of physical qualities as risk or protective factors to contact injury risk is yet to be determined for rugby league. This study applied a frailty survival model that accounts for recurrent injury to identify risk factors for all physiotherapist-reported contact injury in professional rugby league players. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Sixty-six professional rugby league players participated in this three successive year prospective study...
November 2012: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Christopher J Pearce, John H M Brooks, Simon P T Kemp, James D F Calder
BACKGROUND: Foot injuries represent a small but important proportion of injuries to professional rugby union players. There are no detailed epidemiological studies regarding these injuries. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of foot injuries sustained by a cohort of professional rugby union players and identify areas that may be targeted for injury prevention in the future. METHODS: Medical personnel prospectively recorded injuries in professional Premiership rugby union players in England over four seasons...
September 2011: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"