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risk factors associated with rugby injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506436/managing-player-load-in-professional-rugby-union-a-review-of-current-knowledge-and-practices
#1
Kenneth L Quarrie, Martin Raftery, Josh Blackie, Christian J Cook, Colin W Fuller, Tim J Gabbett, Andrew J Gray, Nicholas Gill, Liam Hennessy, Simon Kemp, Mike Lambert, Rob Nichol, Stephen D Mellalieu, Julien Piscione, Jörg Stadelmann, Ross Tucker
BACKGROUND: The loads to which professional rugby players are subjected has been identified as a concern by coaches, players and administrators. In November 2014, World Rugby commissioned an expert group to identify the physical demands and non-physical load issues associated with participation in professional rugby. OBJECTIVE: To describe the current state of knowledge about the loads encountered by professional rugby players and the implications for their physical and mental health...
August 9, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27252828/match-injuries-in-amateur-rugby-union-a-prospective-cohort-study-fics-biennial-symposium-second-prize-research-award
#2
Michael S Swain, Reidar P Lystad, Nicholas Henschke, Christopher G Maher, Steven J Kamper
BACKGROUND: The majority of Rugby Union (rugby) players participate at the amateur level. Knowledge of player characteristics and injury risks is predominantly ascertained from studies on professional or junior athletes in rugby. The objectives of the current study are to: (1) describe the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and physical characteristics of a cohort of amateur rugby players; (2) describe the incidence, severity and mechanism of match injuries in amateur rugby, and; (3) explore factors associated with rates of match injury in this population...
2016: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27142535/movement-patterns-and-muscular-function-before-and-after-onset-of-sports-related-groin-pain-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Paulina Kloskowska, Dylan Morrissey, Claire Small, Peter Malliaras, Christian Barton
BACKGROUND: Sports-related groin pain (SRGP) is a common entity in rotational sports such as football, rugby and hockey, accounting for 12-18 % of injuries each year, with high recurrence rates and often prolonged time away from sport. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review synthesises movement and muscle function findings to better understand deficits and guide rehabilitation. STUDY SELECTION: Prospective and retrospective cross-sectional studies investigating muscle strength, flexibility, cross-sectional area, electromyographic activation onset and magnitude in patients with SRGP were included...
December 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26781294/tackle-technique-and-tackle-related-injuries-in-high-level-south-african-rugby-union-under-18-players-real-match-video-analysis
#4
Nicholas Burger, Michael I Lambert, Wayne Viljoen, James C Brown, Clint Readhead, Sharief Hendricks
BACKGROUND: The high injury rate associated with rugby union is primarily due to the tackle, and poor contact technique has been identified as a risk factor for injury. We aimed to determine whether the tackle technique proficiency scores were different in injurious tackles versus tackles that did not result in injury using real-match scenarios in high-level youth rugby union. METHODS: Injury surveillance was conducted at the under-18 Craven Week tournaments (2011-2013)...
August 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26701931/risus-study-rugby-injury-surveillance-in-ulster-schools
#5
H A P Archbold, A T Rankin, M Webb, R Nicholas, N W A Eames, R K Wilson, L A Henderson, G J Heyes, C M Bleakley
OBJECTIVE: To examine injury patterns in adolescent rugby players and determine factors associated with injury risk. DESIGN: Prospective injury surveillance study. SETTING: N=28 Grammar Schools in Ulster, Ireland (2014-2015 playing season). PARTICIPANTS: 825 adolescent rugby players, across in 28 school first XV rugby squads; mean age 16.9 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Injuries were classified by body part and diagnosis, and injury incidence using injuries per 1000 match hours of exposure...
December 23, 2015: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26337245/eccentric-knee-flexor-strength-and-risk-of-hamstring-injuries-in-rugby-union-a-prospective-study
#6
Matthew N Bourne, David A Opar, Morgan D Williams, Anthony J Shield
BACKGROUND: Hamstring strain injuries (HSIs) represent the most common cause of lost playing time in rugby union. Eccentric knee flexor weakness and between-limb imbalance in eccentric knee flexor strength are associated with a heightened risk of HSIs in other sports; however, these variables have not been explored in rugby union. PURPOSE: To determine if lower levels of eccentric knee flexor strength or greater between-limb imbalance in this parameter during the Nordic hamstring exercise are risk factors for HSIs in rugby union...
November 2015: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25329428/prevention-of-orofacial-injury-via-the-use-of-mouthguards-among-young-male-rugby-players
#7
Y Tanaka, Y Maeda, T-C Yang, T Ando, Y Tauchi, H Miyanaga
The purpose of this study was to examine factors hindering the use of mouthguards and the incidence of orofacial injury among young male rugby players. 69 high school rugby players (Group 1) and 431 medical student rugby players (Group 2) participated in this study. Participants in Group 1 used custom-made mouthguards fabricated according to a standardized method, whereas participants in Group 2 used custom-made or over-the-counter mouthguards of their choice. The factors associated with orofacial injury were assessed by logistic regression analysis, while factors hindering mouthguard use were assessed by multinomial logistic regression analysis...
March 2015: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24797427/comparative-cervical-profiles-of-adult-and-under-18-front-row-rugby-players-implications-for-playing-policy
#8
COMPARATIVE STUDY
D F Hamilton, D Gatherer, J Robson, N Graham, N Rennie, J G B Maclean, A H R W Simpson
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cervical isometric strength, fatigue endurance and range of motion of adult and under-18 age-grade front-row rugby players to inform the development of a safe age group policy with particular reference to scrummaging. DESIGN: Cross-sectional cohort study. SETTING: 'Field testing' at Murrayfield stadium. PARTICIPANTS: 30 high-performance under-18 players and 22 adult front-row rugby players. OUTCOME MEASURES: Isometric neck strength, height, weight and grip strength...
2014: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24462116/predictive-factors-for-ankle-syndesmosis-injury-in-football-players-a-prospective-study
#9
Amy D Sman, Claire E Hiller, Katherine Rae, James Linklater, John Morellato, Nathan Trist, Leslie L Nicholson, Deborah A Black, Kathryn M Refshauge
OBJECTIVES: Up to 25% of all ankle injuries involve the ankle syndesmosis and factors that increase risk have yet to be investigated prospectively. This study aimed to identify predictors of ankle syndesmosis injury in football players. DESIGN: A prospective study. METHODS: Rugby Union and Australian Football League players were recruited during 2010. Rugby League and different Rugby Union players were recruited during 2011. Baseline data collection included: age, body size, flexibility, strength and balance...
November 2014: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24030696/traumatic-brain-injury-endocrine-consequences-in-children-and-adults
#10
REVIEW
Erick Richmond, Alan D Rogol
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common cause of death and disability in young adults with consequences ranging from physical disabilities to long-term cognitive, behavioral, psychological and social defects. Recent data suggest that pituitary hormone deficiency is not infrequent among TBI survivors; the prevalence of reported hypopituitarism following TBI varies widely among published studies. The most common cause of TBI is motor vehicle accidents, including pedestrian-car and bicycle car encounters, falls, child abuse, violence and sports injuries...
February 2014: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23948328/can-glenohumeral-joint-isokinetic-strength-and-range-of-movement-predict-injury-in-professional-rugby-league
#11
Andrew McDonough, Lennard Funk
OBJECTIVE: To isokinetically record shoulder strength scores and range of motion in a professional rugby league squad. To prospectively monitor injuries over a season looking for associations between measured variables and injury. DESIGN: A cohort study design involving prospective screening of risk factors with subsequent injury surveillance. SETTING: University Sports Science Laboratory and Professional Rugby League Club. PARTICIPANTS: All players participating in the clubs reserve team squad for the 2011 season (n = 20)...
May 2014: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23628788/risk-factors-for-meniscal-tears-a-systematic-review-including-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Barbara A M Snoeker, Eric W P Bakker, Cornelia A T Kegel, Cees Lucas
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis. OBJECTIVES: To review and critically appraise the literature for factors that increase the risk for meniscal tears. BACKGROUND: Meniscal tears are an important cause of disability and time lost from work, and are associated with a 4-fold increase in the long-term risk of knee osteoarthritis. Knowledge of the risk factors that lead to meniscal tears can help to correctly diagnose knee injuries and is important to the development of prevention strategies for knee osteoarthritis...
June 2013: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23315754/the-ergonomics-of-wheelchair-configuration-for-optimal-performance-in-the-wheelchair-court-sports
#13
REVIEW
Barry S Mason, Lucas H V van der Woude, Victoria L Goosey-Tolfrey
Optimizing mobility performance in wheelchair court sports (basketball, rugby and tennis) is dependent on a combination of factors associated with the user, the wheelchair and the interfacing between the two. Substantial research has been attributed to the wheelchair athlete yet very little has focused on the role of the wheelchair and the wheelchair-user combination. This article aims to review relevant scientific literature that has investigated the effects of wheelchair configuration on aspects of mobility performance from an ergonomics perspective...
January 2013: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23243113/american-medical-society-for-sports-medicine-position-statement-concussion-in-sport
#14
REVIEW
Kimberly G Harmon, Jonathan A Drezner, Matthew Gammons, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Mark Halstead, Stanley A Herring, Jeffrey S Kutcher, Andrea Pana, Margot Putukian, William O Roberts
UNLABELLED: PURPOSE OF THE STATEMENT: ▸ To provide an evidence-based, best practises summary to assist physicians with the evaluation and management of sports concussion. ▸ To establish the level of evidence, knowledge gaps and areas requiring additional research. IMPORTANCE OF AN AMSSM STATEMENT: ▸ Sports medicine physicians are frequently involved in the care of patients with sports concussion. ▸ Sports medicine physicians are specifically trained to provide care along the continuum of sports concussion from the acute injury to return-to-play (RTP) decisions...
January 2013: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22904294/upper-limb-injury-in-rugby-union-football-results-of-a-cohort-study
#15
Juliana Usman, Andrew Stuart McIntosh
BACKGROUND: There have been few in-depth studies of upper limb injury epidemiology in rugby union football, despite reports that they accounted for between 14% and 28% of all rugby injuries. OBJECTIVE: To report on upper limb injury incidence, injury severity and to identify the risk factors associated with upper limb injuries, for example, level of play, season (years) and playing position. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study across five rugby seasons from 2004 to 2008...
April 2013: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22748762/identifying-risk-factors-for-contact-injury-in-professional-rugby-league-players-application-of-a-frailty-model-for-recurrent-injury
#16
Tim J Gabbett, Shahid Ullah, Caroline F Finch
OBJECTIVES: Well-developed physical qualities may protect against contact injuries. However, the potential contribution of physical qualities as risk or protective factors to contact injury risk is yet to be determined for rugby league. This study applied a frailty survival model that accounts for recurrent injury to identify risk factors for all physiotherapist-reported contact injury in professional rugby league players. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Sixty-six professional rugby league players participated in this three successive year prospective study...
November 2012: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21783068/the-epidemiology-of-foot-injuries-in-professional-rugby-union-players
#17
Christopher J Pearce, John H M Brooks, Simon P T Kemp, James D F Calder
BACKGROUND: Foot injuries represent a small but important proportion of injuries to professional rugby union players. There are no detailed epidemiological studies regarding these injuries. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of foot injuries sustained by a cohort of professional rugby union players and identify areas that may be targeted for injury prevention in the future. METHODS: Medical personnel prospectively recorded injuries in professional Premiership rugby union players in England over four seasons...
September 2011: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21289274/risk-factors-for-syndesmotic-and-medial-ankle-sprain-role-of-sex-sport-and-level-of-competition
#18
Brian R Waterman, Philip J Belmont, Kenneth L Cameron, Steven J Svoboda, Curtis J Alitz, Brett D Owens
BACKGROUND: Syndesmotic and medial ankle sprains constitute up to 15% of all ankle sprains in athletic populations and can result in significant time lost to injury and long-term disability. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to estimate the rate of syndesmotic and medial ankle sprain injuries and identify risk factors associated with these injuries within the physically active cadet population at the United States Military Academy (USMA). STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2...
May 2011: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21094086/neck-back-and-spine-injuries-in-amateur-rugby-league-a-review-of-nine-years-of-accident-compensation-corporation-injury-entitlement-claims-and-costs
#19
Doug A King, Patria A Hume, Simon Gianotti, Trevor Clark
Rugby league is a popular participation sport, but there have been concerns raised regarding the possible high number of severe neck, back and spine injuries. Therefore an epidemiological overview of rugby league neck, back and spine injuries and associated costs of these injuries was undertaken in one country over nine years. The New Zealand national Accident Compensation Corporation data for moderate to serious injury entitlement claims (MSC) over nine years were analysed for the number, type and cost of neck, back and spine rugby league injuries resulting in medical treatment...
March 2011: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20595546/long-term-safety-of-using-local-anesthetic-injections-in-professional-rugby-league
#20
John W Orchard, Elizabeth Steet, Andrew Massey, Sommit Dan, Ben Gardiner, Ameer Ibrahim
BACKGROUND: Local anesthetic pain-killing injections are commonly used by some professional football teams to allow continued play for certain injuries; however, the long-term safety of this practice has not been studied. HYPOTHESIS: The majority of local anesthetic injections administered in professional football are helpful and safe, not leading to long-term sequelae. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence, 4. METHODS: A retrospective survey was conducted of 100 players over 10 seasons who had been injected with local anesthetic on 1023 occasions for 307 injuries (81% follow-up; average follow-up, 5 years; minimum, 1 year)...
November 2010: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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