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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038700/the-clinical-evaluation-of-vi-one-chlorhexidine-mouthwash-on-plaque-induced-gingivitis-a-double-blind-randomized-clinical-trial
#1
Babak Amoian, Marzyeh Omidbakhsh, Soraya Khafri
BACKGROUND: Chlorhexidine (CHX) is the most effective antiseptic mouthwash to date. Essential oil such as thymol, have inhibitory and biocidal effects a range of bacteria. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of mouthwash containing CHX and thymol on plaque induced gingivitis. METHODS: This double-blind randomized clinical trial study was performed on 60 patients with plaque induced gingivitis who were randomly divided into two groups: Group I (CHX/thymol mouthwash-Vi-one) and Group II (CHX mouthwash-Behsa)...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033308/2017-annual-meeting-of-the-american-college-of-radiology-moreton-lecture-forecasting-the-futures-of-radiology
#2
Jeffrey C Bauer
PURPOSE: The traditional forces of change in health care are no longer working as they did in the past. Political gridlock has destroyed Washington's ability to create sensible policy for reforming the medical marketplace, creating chaos for providers. Fortunately, chaos creates opportunity. The idea of creating one's future has never been more relevant and necessary. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Predicting-the science of extrapolating future values from historical data-is not a valid method for looking ahead when causal relationships that explained change in the past are themselves being redefined (the current situation)...
October 13, 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032356/cell-scientist-to-watch-mahak-sharma
#3
(no author information available yet)
Mahak Sharma graduated with a bachelor's degree in biotechnology from the Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi, India. She then moved to the laboratory of Steve Caplan at the University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, USA, where she received her PhD in 2009. After post-doctoral research with Michael Brenner at the Department of Rheumatology, Immunology and Allergy at Harvard Medical School, she returned to India in 2011 as an Assistant Professor at the Indian Institute of Science, Education and Research (IISER) in Mohali...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026844/an-interprofessional-collaboration-between-medicine-and-pharmacy-schools-designing-and-evaluating-a-teaching-program-on-practical-prescribing
#4
Mohammad Reza Javadi, Mina Khezrian, Anahita Sadeghi, Seyed Hossein Hajimiri, Kaveh Eslami
OBJECTIVE: Medical students need proper education in drug prescription. The aim of the present study is to introduce a course that improves the students' prescribing skills and also promotes an interprofessional collaboration between medicine and pharmacy schools. METHODS: This study was done in a skill laboratory at the pharmacotherapy department of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. The course was an 18-h interactive workshop in 3 days under the supervision of clinical pharmacists...
July 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026646/binary-titanium-alloys-as-dental-implant-materials-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Xiaotian Liu, Shuyang Chen, James K H Tsoi, Jukka Pekka Matinlinna
Titanium (Ti) has been used for long in dentistry and medicine for implant purpose. During the years, not only the commercially pure Ti but also some alloys such as binary and tertiary Ti alloys were used. The aim of this review is to describe and compare the current literature on binary Ti alloys, including Ti-Zr, Ti-In, Ti-Ag, Ti-Cu, Ti-Au, Ti-Pd, Ti-Nb, Ti-Mn, Ti-Mo, Ti-Cr, Ti-Co, Ti-Sn, Ti-Ge and Ti-Ga, in particular to mechanical, chemical and biological parameters related to implant application. Literature was searched using the PubMed and Web of Science databases, as well as google without limiting the year, but with principle key terms such as ' Ti alloy', 'binary Ti ', 'Ti-X' (with X is the alloy element), 'dental implant' and 'medical implant'...
October 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022513/discrepancies-in-animal-models-of-preterm-birth
#6
Clarence R Manuel, Charles R Ashby, Sandra E Reznik
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) is a multifactorial syndrome occurring before the 37th week of full-term pregnancy [1]. Babies delivered preterm experience short-term and long-term complications affecting multiple organ systems, and serious maternal complications include hemorrhage and infection. Each year, an estimated 15 million babies are born preterm, and complications from prematurity are the leading cause of death among children up to 5 years of age [2]. With another increase in PTB rates over the last several years, the United States continues to have the highest incidence of any industrialized country [3]...
October 12, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018832/pharyngeal-myiasis-caused-by-sheep-botfly-oestrus-ovis-diptera-oestridae-larva-tabriz-east-azarbaijan-province-iran-a-case-report
#7
Teimour Hazratian, Ali Tagizadeh, Mohammad Chaichi, Madineh Abbasi
Myiasis is caused by the larvae of flies infesting animal or human tissues and organs. This report aims to present a case of pharyngeal myiasis caused by the larvae of Oestrus ovis (Diptera: Oestridae). A 55-yr old drug addict living in the Shahindeje village of Western Azerbaijan Province, northwestern Iran was referred to the Emam Reza Hospital in Tabriz, having a medical history of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and hospitalized due to respiratory distress, 20 days ago. He was intubated with a mechanical ventilator (MV) because of his respiratory distress condition...
March 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017480/longitudinal-assessment-of-daily-activity-patterns-on-weight-change-after-involuntary-job-loss-the-adapt-study-protocol
#8
Patricia L Haynes, Graciela E Silva, George W Howe, Cynthia A Thomson, Emily A Butler, Stuart F Quan, Duane Sherrill, Molly Scanlon, Darlynn M Rojo-Wissar, Devan N Gengler, David A Glickenstein
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has identified obesity as one of the most visible and neglected public health problems worldwide. Meta-analytic studies suggest that insufficient sleep increases the risk of developing obesity and related serious medical conditions. Unfortunately, the nationwide average sleep duration has steadily declined over the last two decades with 25% of U.S. adults reporting insufficient sleep. Stress is also an important indirect factor in obesity, and chronic stress and laboratory-induced stress negatively impact sleep...
October 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991760/centenary-of-the-birth-of-academician-prof-dr-isak-tadzer-founder-of-the-pathophysiology-and-nuclear-medicine-in-macedonia
#9
Borislav Karanfilski
Academician Prof. Dr. Isak Tadzer was born a hundred years ago on December 24, 1916 in Sofia. He completed the primary and secondary education at the German College in Sofia. In 1935 he began his studies at the Medical Faculty in Vienna, which he had to stop because of the annexation of Austria to Germany in 1938. He returned to Bulgaria where he continued his studies and graduated from the Medical Faculty in Sofia in 1941. During the War, 1941-1944, he was forcedly mobilized and he worked as a doctor in several villages...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989588/cytogenetic-abnormalities-with-interphase-fish-method-and-clinical-manifestation-in-chronic-lymphocytic-leukemia-patients-in-north-east-of-iran
#10
Hossein Rahimi, Mohammad Hadi Sadeghian, Mohammad Reza Keramati, Amir Hossein Jafarian, Sepideh Shakeri, Seyyede Fatemeh Shams, Neda Motamedi, Maryam Sheikhi, Hossein Ayatollahi
Background: Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is one of the most prevalent adult leukemias. This malignancy is known by lymphocytosis for a duration of more than 3 months. In fact, it is a heterogeneous clinical disease with changeable progression. Chromosomal aberrations are significant parameters to predict result and survival rate and find treatment strategies for each patient. Cytogenetic methods are known as sensitive and relatively new procedures to detect abnormalities in genome. Materials and Methods: In order to identify CLL-related chromosomal abnormalities, 48 CLL patients included 38 Men and 10 Women with mean age of 58...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Hematology-oncology and Stem Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969109/prevalence-of-iron-deficiency-and-iron-deficiency-anaemia-in-adolescent-girls-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#11
Rekha Kumari, Raushan Kumar Bharti, Kalpana Singh, Archana Sinha, Sudhir Kumar, Anand Saran, Uday Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Iron Deficiency Anaemia (IDA) is a global health problem. It involves population of all age group and sex. But adolescent girls are more vulnerable to it. The reasons may be increased iron demand, menstrual blood loss, infection, worm infestation etc. AIM: To find the prevalence of iron deficiency and IDA in adolescent girls in a Tertiary Care Hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was done in the biochemistry clinical laboratory of Indira Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India for a period of six months (April 2015-October 2015)...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954541/standardized-reactors-for-the-study-of-medical-biofilms-a-review-of-the-principles-and-latest-modifications
#12
Inês B Gomes, Ana Meireles, Ana L Gonçalves, Darla M Goeres, Jelmer Sjollema, Lúcia C Simões, Manuel Simões
Biofilms can cause severe problems to human health due to the high tolerance to antimicrobials; consequently, biofilm science and technology constitutes an important research field. Growing a relevant biofilm in the laboratory provides insights into the basic understanding of the biofilm life cycle including responses to antibiotic therapies. Therefore, the selection of an appropriate biofilm reactor is a critical decision, necessary to obtain reproducible and reliable in vitro results. A reactor should be chosen based upon the study goals and a balance between the pros and cons associated with its use and operational conditions that are as similar as possible to the clinical setting...
September 27, 2017: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952508/so-you-think-you-have-an-idea-a-practical-risk-reduction-conceptual-model-for-academic-translational-research
#13
REVIEW
John Schwartz, Christopher Macomber
Translational research for new drugs, medical devices, and diagnostics encompasses aspects of both basic science and clinical research, requiring multidisciplinary skills and resources that are not all readily available in either a basic laboratory or clinical setting alone. We propose that, to be successful, "translational" research ought to be understood as a defined process from basic science through manufacturing, regulatory, clinical testing all the way to market. The authors outline a process which has worked well for them to identify and commercialize academic innovation...
April 4, 2017: Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929962/-determination-of-in-vitro-susceptibilities-of-brucella-spp-strains-against-11-different-antibacterial-gents-isolated-from-blood-cultures
#14
Recep Keşli, Hüseyin Bilgin, Halim Yılmaz
Brucellosis is a worldwide zoonotic disease and still continuous to be a major public health problem. In this study, it was aimed to identify the Brucella strains to the species level isolated from blood cultures, and to determine the rate of antimicrobial susceptibility against eleven antibacterial agents. A total of 106 Brucella spp. strains were included in the study, which were isolated from blood cultures in University of Health Sciences, Konya Training and Research Hospital, Medical Microbiology Laboratory between January 2011 and June 2013...
July 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929047/determining-frequency-of-genes-of-ctx-m-and-ctx-m-15-of-producing-enterobacteriaceae-of-isolated-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamases-from-clinical-samples-of-patients-referred-to-training-hospitals-of-medical-sciences-university-khorramabad-iran
#15
Seyed Mojtaba Mosavian, Azam Rezvani-Rad
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of conducting this research was evaluation of the frequency of extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) in separated Enterobacteriaceae isolates from clinical samples in Khorramabad city and determination of their antimicrobial resistance pattern. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 240 isolates belonging to Enterobacteriaceae family were collected in time duration between March and June in 2014. The isolates were identified by standard biochemical tests...
April 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911989/u-47700-a-clinical-review-of-the-literature
#16
Kerry Anne Rambaran, Steven W Fleming, Jie An, Samantha Burkhart, Jakub Furmaga, Kurt C Kleinschmidt, A Michael Spiekerman, Saeed K Alzghari
BACKGROUND: U-47700 is a synthetic opioid developed by The Upjohn Company in the 1970s, which has recently appeared in the news and medical literature due to its toxicity. Currently, there are no clinical trial data assessing the safety of U-47700. OBJECTIVE: To describe the signs and symptoms of ingestion, laboratory testing, and treatment modalities for U-47700 intoxication. DISCUSSION: We searched PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and EBSCO for articles using the term "U-47700" and "47700...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894528/notification-of-international-normalized-ratio-test-in-atrial-fibrillation-patients-treated-with-warfarin-via-short-message-service-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Reza Sheibani, Mehdi Sheibani, Yamin Hejazi, Saeid Eslami
BACKGROUND: Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is the most common abnormal heart rhythm. AF patients usually use warfarin therapy. Safety and efficacy of warfarin are dependent on maintaining the International Normalized Ratio (INR) within the therapeutic range. OBJECTIVE: We will use a Short Message Service (SMS) to evaluate the effect of a reminder on carrying out the INR laboratory test in a timely manner. METHODS: This study (a Randomized Controlled Trial) will be done in Loghman hospital Tehran, Iran...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890223/a-new-iphone-%C3%A2-application-for-measuring-active-craniocervical-range-of-motion-in-patients-with-non-specific-neck-pain-a-reliability-and-validity-study
#18
Mohammad Reza Pourahmadi, Rasool Bagheri, Morteza Taghipour, Ismail Ebrahimi Takamjani, Javad Sarrafzadeh, Mohammad Ali Mohseni-Bandpei
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Measurement of cervical spine range of motion (ROM) is often considered to be an essential component of cervical spine physiotherapy assessment. PURPOSE: To investigate the reliability and validity of an iPhone(®) app (Goniometer Pro(©)) for measuring active craniocervical ROM (ACCROM) in patients with non-specific neck pain. STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: A cross-sectional study was conducted at the musculoskeletal biomechanics laboratory located at Iran University of Medical Sciences...
September 7, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885938/hidden-hearing-injury-the-emerging-science-and-military-relevance-of-cochlear-synaptopathy
#19
Victoria Tepe, Christopher Smalt, Jeremy Nelson, Thomas Quatieri, Kenneth Pitts
INTRODUCTION: The phenomenon recently described as "hidden hearing loss" was the subject of a meeting co-hosted by the Department of Defense Hearing Center of Excellence and MIT Lincoln Laboratory to consider the potential relevance of noise-related synaptopathic injury to military settings and performance, service-related injury scenarios, and military medical priorities. Participants included approximately 50 researchers and subject matter experts from academic, federal, and military laboratories...
September 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876995/benefits-and-challenges-of-developing-a-customized-rubric-for-curricular-review-of-a-residency-program-in-laboratory-animal-medicine
#20
Tiffany L Whitcomb, Ronald P Wilson
Rigorous curricular review of post-graduate veterinary medical residency programs is in the best interest of program directors in light of the requirements and needs of specialty colleges, graduate school administrations, and other stakeholders including prospective students and employers. Although minimum standards for training are typically provided by specialty colleges, mechanisms for evaluation are left to the discretion of program directors. The paucity of information available describing best practices for curricular assessment of veterinary medical specialty training programs makes resources from other medical fields essential to informing the assessment process...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
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