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Dog bites in facial

Erwan Le Garff, Vadim Mesli, Yann Delannoy, Jocelyn Pollard, Anne Becart, Valéry Hedouin
We present the case of a 91-year-old woman lived alone at her home with two domestic dogs, that is,, a Labrador Retriever and a Staffordshire Bull Terrier and found dead. The investigation of the scene revealed that the Bull Terrier's jawbone and chest were covered with blood. The autopsy revealed multiple, histologically confirmed, life-threatening skin and bone lacerations without scavenging marks. The punctures and tearing of each of the wounds on the skin were compatible with bites. A left humeral fracture and multiple fractures of the right facial bones were observed...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Aviral Agrawal, Pradeep Kumar, Ruchi Singhal, Virendra Singh, Amrish Bhagol
INTRODUCTION: Maxillofacial region in children is particularly vulnerable to animal bite injuries. These injuries may range from insignificant scratches to life-threatening neck and facial injuries. Children are the common victims, particularly of dog bites. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three cases of animal bite injuries in children with their clinical presentation and their management are being presented along with review of literature. Surgical management included cleansing and primary closure of the wound...
January 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Emily M Bratton, Liliya Golas, Leslie A Wei, Brett W Davies, Vikram D Durairaj
PURPOSE: To characterize ophthalmic manifestations and periocular injuries of pediatric facial dog bites. METHODS: A retrospective review of all children younger than 18 years who sought medical attention after a dog bite to the face between January 1, 2003 and May 22, 2014 was performed at a large tertiary pediatric hospital. Data on type and location of injury, surgical intervention, and complications were collected. RESULTS: A total of 1,989 children aged 0...
February 17, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Ramesh Kumar, Frederic W B Deleyiannis, Corbett Wilkinson, Brent R O'Neill
OBJECTIVE The authors' goals in this study were to describe a series of dog attacks on children that required neurosurgical consultation and to better understand the pattern of injuries inflicted, the circumstances that place children at risk for attack, and the dog breeds involved. In addition, the authors review the surgical and medical management of these patients. METHODS The authors performed a retrospective review of all children requiring neurosurgical consultation for dog bite at a regional Level 1 pediatric trauma center over a 15-year period...
January 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Elisabetta Palagi, Velia Nicotra, Giada Cordoni
Emotional contagion is a basic form of empathy that makes individuals able to experience others' emotions. In human and non-human primates, emotional contagion can be linked to facial mimicry, an automatic and fast response (less than 1 s) in which individuals involuntary mimic others' expressions. Here, we tested whether body (play bow, PBOW) and facial (relaxed open-mouth, ROM) rapid mimicry is present in domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) during dyadic intraspecific play. During their free playful interactions, dogs showed a stronger and rapid mimicry response (less than 1 s) after perceiving PBOW and ROM (two signals typical of play in dogs) than after perceiving JUMP and BITE (two play patterns resembling PBOW and ROM in motor performance)...
December 2015: Royal Society Open Science
Elaine A Ostrander, Brian W Davis, Gary K Ostrander
Transmissible tumors are those that have transcended the bounds of their incipient hosts by evolving the ability to infect another individual through direct transfer of cancer cells, thus becoming parasitic cancer clones. Coitus, biting, and scratching are transfer mechanisms for the two primary species studied, the domestic dog (Canis lupus familiaris) and the Tasmanian devil (Sarcophilus harrisii). Canine transmissible venereal tumors (CTVT) are likely thousands of years old, and have successfully travelled from host to host around the world, while the Tasmanian devil facial tumor disease (DFTD) is much younger and geographically localized...
January 2016: Trends in Genetics: TIG
P Rezac, K Rezac, P Slama
Facial injuries caused by dog bites pose a serious problem. The aims of this study were to determine human behavior immediately preceding a dog bite to the face and to assess the effects of victim age and gender and dog sex and size on the location of the bite to the face and the need for medical treatment. Complete data on 132 incidents of bites to the face were analysed. A human bending over a dog, putting the face close to the dog's face, and gazing between victim and dog closely preceded a dog bite to the face in 76%, 19% and 5% of cases, respectively...
December 2015: Veterinary Journal
Hassan Oueis, Richard Tann, James Stenger
It is estimated that 4.5 million Americans are bitten by dogs each year, and half of those are children. One in five dog bites results in injuries that require some form of medical attention. Children between 5 and 9 years of age are the most affected age group for this type of injury. A 19-month-old boy was admitted to the emergency department of Children's Hospital of Michigan for treatment of injuries due to a dog attack. Injuries were limited to the face of the child. Dental injuries included avulsion of upper lateral incisors, severe luxation of upper central incisors, and fracture of the facial alveolus bone...
January 2015: Journal of the Michigan Dental Association
Shehla Admani, Jeffrey W Gertner, Amanda Grosman, Peter R Shumaker, Nathan S Uebelhoer, Andrew C Krakowski
The treatment of disfiguring and disabling scars remains a field of active study, reinvigorated with recent advances in techniques and technologies. A variety of approaches can be utilized depending on scar characteristics, location, degree of tissue loss, and associated contractures. Just as traumatic scars can be complex and heterogeneous, the corresponding paradigm for treatment must also be flexible and multimodal for optimal improvement. This report describes a 3-year-old girl with a "mixed" (atrophic/hypertrophic), violaceous, contracted facial scar from a dog bite...
March 2015: Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
Bianca C Martins, Caryn E Plummer, Kirk N Gelatt, Dennis E Brooks, Sarah E Czerwinski, Caroline Monk, Shari M Greenberg, Brendan G Mangan, Leonel Londoño, Luiz Bolfer, Carsten Bandt, Michael Schaer
OBJECTIVE: To describe ophthalmic abnormalities secondary to periocular and ocular snakebite in dogs. ANIMAL STUDIED: Retrospective review of medical records from dogs presenting to the Small Animal Hospital at University of Florida following snakebites to the face (2012-2014). Two groups were identified: periocular bites (PB) and ocular bites (OB). RESULTS: Records from eleven dogs matched the search criteria and were included in the study (PB=9, 81...
March 2016: Veterinary Ophthalmology
Wei Lin, Pavan Manohar Patil
The exposed position of the face makes it vulnerable to dog bite injuries. This fact combined with the short stature of children makes them a high-risk group for such attacks. In contrast to wounds inflicted by assaults and accidents, dog bite wounds are deep puncture type wounds compounded by the presence of pathologic bacteria from the saliva of the attacking dog. This, combined with the presence of crushed, devitalized tissue makes these wounds highly susceptible to infection. Key to successful management of such wounds are meticulous cleansing of the wound, careful debridement, primary repair, appropriate antibiotic therapy, and rabies and tetanus immunization where indicated...
February 2015: Indian Journal of Surgery
Meg E Tabaka, James V Quinn, Michael A Kohn, Steven K Polevoi
OBJECTIVES: To determine a current infection rate of dog bite wounds and predictors of wounds at risk for infection that may benefit from prophylactic antibiotics. METHODS: A prospective multicentre observational study was conducted over 4.5 years. At the time of treatment Emergency Physicians completed a structured data form evaluating patient, wound and treatment characteristics of patients with dog bite wounds. Patients were followed up at 30 days to assess for infection...
November 2015: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Bogna Zielińska-Kaźmierska, Leszek Wieczerzak, Agnieszka Kozioł, Karolina Majkowska, Piotr Arkuszewski, Bogusława Manowska
UNLABELLED: Being bitten by a dog can have serious health effects. That is why, never underestimate even the smallest soft tissue injuries inflicted by aggressive animals. This incident may have an impact on the further condition of a patient. From our first aid will also depend the aesthetic and functional effect of the scar on the face. We should pay attention to the use of antibiotic prophylaxis. The aim of the study was to perform the analysis of the soft tissue bitten injuries made by dogs in patients treated in the years 2004‑2009 in the Clinic of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial and Oncological Surgery in Łódź...
August 2014: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
Koichi Ueda, Takashi Nuri, Masashi Okada, Shogo Maeda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2014: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Marta Borgi, Irene Cogliati-Dezza, Victoria Brelsford, Kerstin Meints, Francesca Cirulli
The baby schema concept was originally proposed as a set of infantile traits with high appeal for humans, subsequently shown to elicit caretaking behavior and to affect cuteness perception and attentional processes. However, it is unclear whether the response to the baby schema may be extended to the human-animal bond context. Moreover, questions remain as to whether the cute response is constant and persistent or whether it changes with development. In the present study we parametrically manipulated the baby schema in images of humans, dogs, and cats...
2014: Frontiers in Psychology
Sabrina Ferreira, Luis Eugênio Ayres Quaresma, Carlos Alberto Timóteo, André Luis da Silva Fabris, Leonardo Perez Faverani, Giovanna Barbosa Francisconi, Francisley Avila Souza, Idelmo Rangel Garcia Júnior
The nose holds an outstanding position on the face, acquiring great importance within the context of facial aesthetics. Because of the functional, psychological, and social aspects of trauma in a society increasingly demanding about aesthetics, treatment institution must reduce, as accurate as possible, the sequelae that hinder social integration. This clinical report relates an immediate nasal reconstruction of a complex animal bite wound. A 7-year-old patient was victim of a dog bite with avulsion of the left nasal ala and part of the ipsilateral nasal tip...
May 2014: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Raffi Gurunluoglu, Mark Glasgow, Jamie Arton, Michael Bronsert
BACKGROUND: Facial dog bite injuries pose a significant public health problem. METHODS: Seventy-five consecutive patients (45 males, 30 females) treated solely by plastic surgery service for facial dog bite injuries at a Level I trauma center in the Denver Metro area between 2006 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. The following information were recorded: breed, relationship of patient to dog, location and number of wounds, the duration between injury and surgical repair and dog bite incident, type of repair, and antibiotic prophylaxis...
May 2014: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Henry H Chen, Anna T Neumeier, Brett W Davies, Vikram D Durairaj
The aim of this study was to characterize and report the epidemiological data regarding pediatric facial dog bites. For this study, a retrospective chart review was used. This study was performed at a large tertiary pediatric hospital. All children younger than 18 years who sought medical attention after a facial dog bite between January 1, 2003, and December 31, 2008, were included. Demographic and epidemiologic data were collected and analyzed. A total of 537 children were identified. The average age was 4...
December 2013: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
Jesús R Manzani Baldi, Daniel A Wolff de Freitas
Dog bite injury frequently occurs in children, and many of these bites involve the facial region. On the other hand, facial fractures due to dog attacks are a rare complication, with the orbital, nasal, and maxillary bones most often affected. We present a case report of a child who suffered a double facial fracture, mandible and left zygoma, due to a dog bite. The clinical diagnosis was supported by X-rays and computed tomography, which also provided information about the characteristics of the fracture. Internal fixation was done with titanium miniplates...
June 2013: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
R V Kishore Kumar, Sathya Kumar Devireddy, Raja Sekhar Gali, Nemaly Chaithanyaa, Sridhar
INTRODUCTION: Injuries of the facial soft tissues may be due to road traffic accidents, industrial injuries, domestic and interpersonal violence, dog bites, human bites, war injuries etc. They may be described depending on the depth of involvement of the soft tissue and/or region since it gives the clinician the method of treatment. The soft tissue injuries must take into the underlying skeletal injury into account since these injuries if carelessly handled they leave deformed scarring in the most precious and beautiful part of the body...
March 2013: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
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