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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734783/dementia-prevalence-and-incidence-in-a-federation-of-european-electronic-health-record-databases-the-european-medical-informatics-framework-resource
#1
Gayan Perera, Lars Pedersen, David Ansel, Myriam Alexander, H Michael Arrighi, Paul Avillach, Nadia Foskett, Rosa Gini, Mark F Gordon, Usha Gungabissoon, Miguel-Angel Mayer, Gerald Novak, Peter Rijnbeek, Gianluca Trifirò, Johan van der Lei, Pieter J Visser, Robert Stewart
INTRODUCTION: The European Medical Information Framework consortium has assembled electronic health record (EHR) databases for dementia research. We calculated dementia prevalence and incidence in 25 million persons from 2004 to 2012. METHODS: Six EHR databases (three primary care and three secondary care) from five countries were interrogated. Dementia was ascertained by consensus harmonization of clinical/diagnostic codes. Annual period prevalences and incidences by age and gender were calculated and meta-analyzed...
July 20, 2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730498/informatics-approaches-for-predicting-understanding-and-testing-cancer-drug-combinations
#2
Jing Tang
Making cancer treatment more effective is one of the grand challenges in our health care system. However, many drugs have entered clinical trials but so far showed limited efficacy or induced rapid development of resistance. We urgently need multi-targeted drug combinations, which shall selectively inhibit the cancer cells and block the emergence of drug resistance. The book chapter focuses on mathematical and computational tools to facilitate the discovery of the most promising drug combinations to improve efficacy and prevent resistance...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724368/utilizing-patient-data-from-the-veterans-administration-electronic-health-record-to-support-web-based-clinical-decision-support-informatics-challenges-and-issues-from-three-clinical-domains
#3
Nallakkandi Rajeevan, Kristina M Niehoff, Peter Charpentier, Forrest L Levin, Amy Justice, Cynthia A Brandt, Terri R Fried, Perry L Miller
BACKGROUND: The US Veterans Administration (VA) has developed a robust and mature computational infrastructure in support of its electronic health record (EHR). Web technology offers a powerful set of tools for structuring clinical decision support (CDS) around clinical care. This paper describes informatics challenges and design issues that were confronted in the process of building three Web-based CDS systems in the context of the VA EHR. METHODS: Over the course of several years, we implemented three Web-based CDS systems that extract patient data from the VA EHR environment to provide patient-specific CDS...
July 19, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701226/the-application-of-geographic-information-systems-gis-in-identifying-the-priority-areas-for-maternal-care-and-services
#4
Fatemeh Salehi, Leila Ahmadian
BACKGROUND: Improving maternal health is globally introduced as an important health priority. The purpose of this study is to identify the high priority areas which require more maternal health services in Kerman, Iran. METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study, performed in 2015. The literatures were first explored in order to extract geographic indicators and sub indicators relevant to the maternal health. Data were collected by the use of a questionnaire designed on the basis of AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process) method...
July 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699553/introduction-the-international-conference-on-intelligent-biology-and-medicine-icibm-2016-special-focus-on-medical-informatics-and-big-data
#5
Cui Tao, Yang Gong, Hua Xu, Zhongming Zhao
In this editorial, we first summarize the 2016 International Conference on Intelligent Biology and Medicine (ICIBM 2016) held on December 8-10, 2016 in Houston, Texas, USA, and then briefly introduce the ten research articles included in this supplement issue. At ICIBM 2016, a special theme, "Medical Informatics and Big Data," was dedicated to the recent advances of data science in the medical domain. After peer review, ten articles were selected for this special issue, covering topics such as Knowledge and Data Personalization, Social Media Applications to Healthcare, Clinical Natural Language Processing, Patient Safety Analyses, and Data Mining Using Electronic Health Records...
July 5, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692395/a-practitioner-driven-research-agenda-for-syndromic-surveillance
#6
Richard S Hopkins, Catherine C Tong, Howard S Burkom, Judy E Akkina, John Berezowski, Mika Shigematsu, Patrick D Finley, Ian Painter, Roland Gamache, Victor J Del Rio Vilas, Laura C Streichert
Syndromic surveillance has expanded since 2001 in both scope and geographic reach and has benefited from research studies adapted from numerous disciplines. The practice of syndromic surveillance continues to evolve rapidly. The International Society for Disease Surveillance solicited input from its global surveillance network on key research questions, with the goal of improving syndromic surveillance practice. A workgroup of syndromic surveillance subject matter experts was convened from February to June 2016 to review and categorize the proposed topics...
July 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684387/sharing-annotated-audio-recordings-of-clinic-visits-with-patients-development-of-the-open-recording-automated-logging-system-orals-study-protocol
#7
Paul J Barr, Michelle D Dannenberg, Craig H Ganoe, William Haslett, Rebecca Faill, Saeed Hassanpour, Amar Das, Roger Arend, Meredith C Masel, Sheryl Piper, Haley Reicher, James Ryan, Glyn Elwyn
BACKGROUND: Providing patients with recordings of their clinic visits enhances patient and family engagement, yet few organizations routinely offer recordings. Challenges exist for organizations and patients, including data safety and navigating lengthy recordings. A secure system that allows patients to easily navigate recordings may be a solution. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this project is to develop and test an interoperable system to facilitate routine recording, the Open Recording Automated Logging System (ORALS), with the aim of increasing patient and family engagement...
July 6, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681416/risk-of-angioedema-associated-with-levetiracetam-compared-with-phenytoin-findings-of-the-observational-health-data-sciences-and-informatics-research-network
#8
Jon D Duke, Patrick B Ryan, Marc A Suchard, George Hripcsak, Peng Jin, Christian Reich, Marie-Sophie Schwalm, Yuriy Khoma, Yonghui Wu, Hua Xu, Nigam H Shah, Juan M Banda, Martijn J Schuemie
Recent adverse event reports have raised the question of increased angioedema risk associated with exposure to levetiracetam. To help address this question, the Observational Health Data Sciences and Informatics research network conducted a retrospective observational new-user cohort study of seizure patients exposed to levetiracetam (n = 276,665) across 10 databases. With phenytoin users (n = 74,682) as a comparator group, propensity score-matching was conducted and hazard ratios computed for angioedema events by per-protocol and intent-to-treat analyses...
July 6, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679943/an-overview-of-the-biomed-project
#9
John Mantas, Mohamed A Wageih
The purpose is to: 1) foster the national BioMedical Informatics (BMI) foundation aligning with the international medical informatics association (IMIA) in order to remodel the national strategies; 2) structure the BMHI strategic plans in Egypt and Jordan as models for other Arab States; 3) define the requirements for new joint EU-Mediterranean BMHI projects and initiatives; and 4) encourage and support the BMHI centres of excellence in Egypt and Jordan. BIOMed will synergistically apply up-to-date European and International methodologies & standards...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679942/accreditation-and-certification-in-health-informatics-principles-and-procedures
#10
John Mantas
Accreditation is an important process ensuring quality of academic programs in Biomedical Informatics. Certification ensures standards in knowledge and skills of professionals in Health Informatics. The process of Accreditation is analyzed for its pros and cons. Procedures are applied to ensure the completion of accreditation of a program is transparent, objective and leads in quality qualifications. Finally, the logistics required for Accreditation are calculated in terms of human resources as well to meeting cost expectations...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679941/continuous-education-in-community-nursing-with-the-use-of-health-informatics
#11
Kostis Chardalias, Andrianna Magnita, Charalampos Andrianopoulos, Panagiotis Koutonias, Antonis Kefaliakos, Marianna Diomidous
Continuous Education can make a significant progress in any professional scientific discipline such as Nursing, which is constantly evolving. The main purpose of this paper is the review of contemporary literature in relation to the continuous education in community-nursing, with the use of health informatics. Additionally, these reasons are examined for which, nurses attend or not programs of continuing education. Finally, Accreditation, Interdisciplinary Education and Nursing Education to provide in the best possible way the necessary knowledge to students, is highlighted...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679938/managing-information-more-effectively-in-health-informatics-applications
#12
Rodolfo A Fiorini
Conceptual clarity and predicative/impredicative competence are the fundamental components for managing information more effectively in Health Informatics, Healthcare and Medicine applications, while promoting innovation and creativity. Medicine was always the art and science of healing. The science became more and more a mechanistic technology in Healthcare; the art was dropped altogether. But uncertainty-as-problem in the past is slowly morphing into the evolutive concept of uncertainty-as-resource. The key change performance factor is education, distinguishing building on sand from building on rock for Health Informatics! Conceptual clarity, more than instrumental obsession (so typical of this particular time) is necessary...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679933/health-informatics-and-wellbeing-by-enhanced-knowledge-formalisation
#13
Rodolfo A Fiorini
Only once we agree upon our understanding of what words really mean can we debate whether a concept, represented by those words, is or not well represented significantly in specific application. In a previous paper we presented an innovative point of view on deeper wellbeing understanding towards its increased, effective Health Informatics and clinical usage and applications. Medicine was always the art and science of healing. The science became more and more a mechanistic technology; the art was dropped altogether...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679932/the-guiding-role-of-a-paradigm-in-informatics-education-and-research
#14
Kaija Saranto, Ulla-Mari Kinnunen, Eija Kivekäs, Juhamatti Huusko, Sirpa Kuusisto-Niemi
This study presents the current status of a paradigm used in informatics education and research in the health and human services fields. The aim is to synthesize the research focuses of students' theses and evaluate the current situation. The paradigm models informatics research. The research focus, questions and applied research methods were coded for 144 Master's degree theses. Based on the results, the theses could easily be coded for the paradigm concepts and research focuses. The most often used concept was data, which was connected to steering and organizing information management in work processes...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679921/accounting-information-systems-in-healthcare-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
Hadal Hammour, Mowafa Househ, Hira Abdul Razzak
As information technology progresses in Saudi Arabia, the manual accounting systems have become graduallyinadequate for decision needs. Subsequently, private and public healthcare divisions in Saudi Arabia perceive Computerized accounting information system (CAIS) as a vehicle to safeguard efficient and effective flow of information during the analysis, processes, and recording of financial data. Efficient and effective flow of information improvesthe decision making of staff, thereby improving the capability of health care sectors to reduce cost of the medical services...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679910/investigating-the-perceived-innovation-of-the-big-data-technology-in-healthcare
#16
Parisis Gallos, John Minou, Fotios Routsis, John Mantas
The research aim of this study is to investigate the perceived innovation of the Big Data Technology in Healthcare. A survey was conducted using a theoretical model based on Rogers' Innovation Diffusion Theory, on Davis' Technology Acceptance Model, and relative research work. The results reveal that the Big Data Technology may be an innovation on the field of Health Informatics as it offers a lot of advantages compared to the traditional ways of data handling and processing, and it is compatible with the current technological status on the healthcare domain...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679908/health-informatics-scientists-perception-about-big-data-technology
#17
John Minou, Fotios Routsis, Parisis Gallos, John Mantas
The aim of this paper is to present the perceptions of the Health Informatics Scientists about the Big Data Technology in Healthcare. An empirical study was conducted among 46 scientists to assess their knowledge about the Big Data Technology and their perceptions about using this technology in healthcare. Based on the study findings, 86.7% of the scientists had knowledge of Big data Technology. Furthermore, 59.1% of the scientists believed that Big Data Technology refers to structured data. Additionally, 100% of the population believed that Big Data Technology can be implemented in Healthcare...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679874/find-your-passion-lead-with-purpose-a-health-informaticians-guide
#18
Mowafa Househ
Health Informatics is an ever evolving, changing and dynamic field that has become the disruptive innovation shaping the future of healthcare. Health informaticians face a number of challenges in the workplace such as gaining acceptance and recognition from other healthcare providers and overcoming the resistance of healthcare providers from using technology in clinical practice. Being a health informatician is not for the faint hearted, especially as resistance to the role of health informaticians continues from both healthcare providers and hospital administrators...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679873/on-informatics-diagnostics-and-informatics-therapeutics-good-medical-informatics-research-is-needed-here
#19
Reinhold Haux
In the era of digitization some new procedures play an increasing role for diagnosis as well as for therapy: informatics diagnostics and informatics therapeutics. Challenges for such procedures are described. It is discussed, when research on such diagnostics and therapeutics can be regarded as good research. Examples are mentioned for informatics diagnostics and informatics therapeutics, which are based on health-enabling technologies.
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678528/21st-century-toolkit-for-optimizing-population-health-through-precision-nutrition
#20
Aifric O'Sullivan, Bethany Henrick, Bonnie Dixon, Daniela Barile, Angela Zivkovic, Jennifer Smilowitz, Danielle Lemay, William Martin, J Bruce German, Sara Elizabeth Schaefer
Scientific, technological, and economic progress over the last 100 years all but eradicated problems of widespread food shortage and nutrient deficiency in developed nations. But now society is faced with a new set of nutrition problems related to energy imbalance and metabolic disease, which require new kinds of solutions. Recent developments in the area of new analytical tools enable us to systematically study large quantities of detailed and multidimensional metabolic and health data, providing the opportunity to address current nutrition problems through an approach called Precision Nutrition...
July 5, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
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