Read by QxMD icon Read

Health informatics

Bibb Allen, Mythreyi Chatfield, Judy Burleson, William T Thorwarth
In September of 2014, the American College of Radiology joined a number of other organizations in sponsoring the 2015 National Academy of Medicine report, Improving Diagnosis In Health Care. Our presentation to the Academy emphasized that although diagnostic errors in imaging are commonly considered to result only from failures in disease detection or misinterpretation of a perceived abnormality, most errors in diagnosis result from failures in information gathering, aggregation, dissemination and ultimately integration of that information into our patients' clinical problems...
September 26, 2017: Diagnosis
Eder Gatti Fernandes, Ana Marli Christovam Sartori, Patrícia Coelho de Soárez, Telma Regina M P Carvalhanas, Marcela Rodrigues, Hillegonda Maria Dutilh Novaes
BACKGROUND: A significant increase in pertussis incidence occurred in Brazil, from 2011 to 2014, despite high coverage of childhood immunization with whole-cell-pertussis (wP) containing vaccines. This study presents pertussis surveillance data from São Paulo state and discusses the challenges to interpret them considering pertussis cyclic epidemic behavior, the introduction of new diagnostic techniques and new vaccination strategies, and enhanced disease awareness during epidemics. METHODS: Observational study including pertussis cases reported to the Surveillance System in São Paulo state, from January 2001 to December 2015...
March 13, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Les R Folio, Laura B Machado, Andrew J Dwyer
Multimedia-enhanced radiology report (MERR) development is defined and described from an informatics perspective, in which the MERR is seen as a superior information-communicating entity. Recent technical advances, such as the hyperlinking of report text directly to annotated images, improve MERR information content and accessibility compared with text-only reports. The MERR is analyzed by its components, which include hypertext, tables, graphs, embedded images, and their interconnections. The authors highlight the advantages of each component for improving the radiologist's communication of report content information and the user's ability to extract information...
March 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Daniel Pella, Ján Fedačko, Rastislav Rajnoha, Beáta Gavurová, Samuel Koróny
AIM: Knowledge of the causes of deaths in Slovakia is lacking. This is significant because diet and lifestyle factors are different in central Europe compared to Western, Northern and Southern Europe. This study aims to discern trends of age-adjusted mortality rates caused by various diseases in relation to demographic factors. The aim of our study was to find certain statistical aspects including trends of age-adjusted mortality rates caused by neoplastic (Chapter II) and circulatory diseases (Chapter IX) in the Slovak population in relation to available demographic factors (sex, region and calendar year of death)...
December 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
Sajidah Al-Hawamdih, Muayyad M Ahmad
The purpose of this study was to examine nursing informatics competency and the quality of information processing among nurses in Jordan. The study was conducted in a large hospital with 380 registered nurses. The hospital introduced the electronic health record in 2010. The measures used in this study were personal and job characteristics, self-efficacy, Self-Assessment Nursing Informatics Competencies, and Health Information System Monitoring Questionnaire. The convenience sample consisted of 99 nurses who used the electronic health record for at least 3 months...
March 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
Debra L Eardley, Kelly A Krumwiede, Selda Secginli, Linda Garner, Conni DeBlieck, Gulhan Cosansu, Nursen O Nahcivan
Advancements in healthcare systems include adoption of health information technology to ensure healthcare quality. Educators are challenged to determine strategies to integrate health information technology into nursing curricula for building a nursing workforce competent with electronic health records, standardized terminology, evidence-based practice, and evaluation. Nursing informatics, a growing specialty field, comprises health information technology relative to the profession of nursing. It is essential to integrate nursing informatics across nursing curricula to effectively position competent graduates in technology-laden healthcare environments...
March 9, 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
Gennaro A Paolella, Andrew D Boyd, Scott M Wirth, Sandra Cuellar, Neeta K Venepalli, Stephanie Y Crawford
Interprofessional care is exhibited in outpatient oncology practices where practitioners from a myriad of specialties (e.g., oncology, nursing, pharmacy, health informatics and others) work collectively with patients to enhance therapeutic outcomes and minimize adverse effects. Historically, most ambulatory-based anticancer medication therapies have been administrated in infusion clinics or physician offices. Oral anticancer medications (OAMs) have become increasingly prevalent and preferred by patients for use in residential or other non-clinic settings...
March 8, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Salomeh Keyhani, Marzieh Vali, Beth Cohen, Alexandra Woodbridge, Melanie Arenson, Elnaz Eilkhani, Christina Aivadyan, Deborah Hasin
BACKGROUND: The harmful effects of marijuana on health and in particular cardiovascular health are understudied. To develop such knowledge, an efficient method of developing an informative cohort of marijuana users and non-users is needed. METHODS: We identified patients with a diagnosis of coronary artery disease using ICD-9 codes who were seen in the San Francisco VA in 2015. We imported these patients' medical record notes into an informatics platform that facilitated text searches...
2018: PloS One
Steve Harris, Sinan Shi, David Brealey, Niall S MacCallum, Spiros Denaxas, David Perez-Suarez, Ari Ercole, Peter Watkinson, Andrew Jones, Simon Ashworth, Richard Beale, Duncan Young, Stephen Brett, Mervyn Singer
OBJECTIVE: To build and curate a linkable multi-centre database of high resolution longitudinal electronic health records (EHR) from adult Intensive Care Units (ICU). To develop a set of open-source tools to make these data 'research ready' while protecting patient's privacy with a particular focus on anonymisation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed a scalable EHR processing pipeline for extracting, linking, normalising and curating and anonymising EHR data. Patient and public involvement was sought from the outset, and approval to hold these data was granted by the NHS Health Research Authority's Confidentiality Advisory Group (CAG)...
April 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Rolf Apweiler, Tim Beissbarth, Michael R Berthold, Nils Blüthgen, Yvonne Burmeister, Olaf Dammann, Andreas Deutsch, Friedrich Feuerhake, Andre Franke, Jan Hasenauer, Steve Hoffmann, Thomas Höfer, Peter Lm Jansen, Lars Kaderali, Ursula Klingmüller, Ina Koch, Oliver Kohlbacher, Lars Kuepfer, Frank Lammert, Dieter Maier, Nico Pfeifer, Nicole Radde, Markus Rehm, Ingo Roeder, Julio Saez-Rodriguez, Ulrich Sax, Bernd Schmeck, Andreas Schuppert, Bernd Seilheimer, Fabian J Theis, Julio Vera, Olaf Wolkenhauer
New technologies to generate, store and retrieve medical and research data are inducing a rapid change in clinical and translational research and health care. Systems medicine is the interdisciplinary approach wherein physicians and clinical investigators team up with experts from biology, biostatistics, informatics, mathematics and computational modeling to develop methods to use new and stored data to the benefit of the patient. We here provide a critical assessment of the opportunities and challenges arising out of systems approaches in medicine and from this provide a definition of what systems medicine entails...
March 2, 2018: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
Jessica E Salerno, Leonard S Weiss, David D Salcido
INTRODUCTION: Opioid-related overdoses have been steadily increasing over the past decade in the United States. Naloxone is used by first responders to revive overdose victims, but results may be improved by increasing access to and usage of naloxone by bystanders. Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs) are pervasive, recognizable, and publicly accessible. Co-locating naloxone kits with AEDs could increase public naloxone access and usage. However, the impact of co-locating naloxone kits with AEDs is not known...
March 1, 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
Jess C Hohenstein, Eric Ps Baumer, Lindsay Reynolds, Elizabeth L Murnane, Dakota O'Dell, Seoho Lee, Shion Guha, Yu Qi, Erin Rieger, Geri Gay
BACKGROUND: Technological advances in personal informatics allow people to track their own health in a variety of ways, representing a dramatic change in individuals' control of their own wellness. However, research regarding patient interpretation of traditional medical tests highlights the risks in making complex medical data available to a general audience. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore how people interpret medical test results, examined in the context of a mobile blood testing system developed to enable self-care and health management...
February 28, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
U Mansmann
BACKGROUND: Over the past 100 years, evidence-based medicine has undergone several fundamental changes. Through the field of physiology, medical doctors were introduced to the natural sciences. Since the late 1940s, randomized and epidemiological studies have come to provide the evidence for medical practice, which led to the emergence of clinical epidemiology as a new field in the medical sciences. Within the past few years, big data has become the driving force behind the vision for having a comprehensive set of health-related data which tracks individual healthcare histories and consequently that of large populations...
February 16, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
Leonardo G Ferreira, Glaucius Oliva, Adriano D Andricopulo
Scientific and technological breakthroughs have compelled the current players in drug discovery to increasingly incorporate knowledge-based approaches. This evolving paradigm, which has its roots attached to the recent advances in medicinal chemistry, molecular and structural biology, has unprecedentedly demanded the development of up-to-date computational approaches, such as bio- and chemo-informatics. These tools have been pivotal to catalyzing the ever-increasing amount of data generated by the molecular sciences, and to converting the data into insightful guidelines for use in the research pipeline...
February 15, 2018: Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências
Ryszard Piotrowicz, Paweł Krzesiński, Paweł Balsam, Maciej Kempa, Renata Główczyńska, Marcin Grabowski, Łukasz Kołtowski, Ewa Lewicka, Michał Peller, Ewa Piotrowicz, Jakub Podolec, Adam Stańczyk, Justyna Zajdel, Grzegorz Opolski
For several years, we have observed the dynamic development of technologies that allow patients to access medical care from the comfort of their homes, without direct contact with the doctor. Innovative solutions based on telemedicine improve care coordination and communication among clinicians, patients, and their families, as well as increases patients' security and gives them greater independence, thus eliminating health care inequalities. The rapidly growth of telemedicine and the adoption of new technologies in clinical practice is also observed in Poland...
February 14, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
Anna Okula Basile, Marylyn DeRiggi Ritchie
For the past decade, the focus of complex disease research has been the genotype. From technological advancements to the development of analysis methods, great progress has been made. However, advances in our definition of the phenotype have remained stagnant. Phenotype characterization has recently emerged as an exciting area of informatics and machine learning. The copious amounts of diverse biomedical data that have been collected may be leveraged with data-driven approaches to elucidate trait-related features and patterns...
February 12, 2018: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
Daniel Davis, Sarah Richardson, Joanne Hornby, Helen Bowden, Katrin Hoffmann, Maryse Weston-Clarke, Fenella Green, Nishi Chaturvedi, Alun Hughes, Diana Kuh, Elizabeth Sampson, Ruth Mizoguchi, Khai Lee Cheah, Melanie Romain, Abhi Sinha, Rodric Jenkin, Carol Brayne, Alasdair MacLullich
BACKGROUND: Delirium affects 25% of older inpatients and is associated with long-term cognitive impairment and future dementia. However, no population studies have systematically ascertained cognitive function before, cognitive deficits during, and cognitive impairment after delirium. Therefore, there is a need to address the following question: does delirium, and its features (including severity, duration, and presumed aetiologies), predict long-term cognitive impairment, independent of cognitive impairment at baseline? METHODS: The Delirium and Population Health Informatics Cohort (DELPHIC) study is an observational population-based cohort study based in the London Borough of Camden...
February 9, 2018: BMC Geriatrics
Matthew J Crowley, Sana M Al-Khatib, Tracy Y Wang, Prateeti Khazanie, Nancy R Kressin, Harlan M Krumholz, Catarina I Kiefe, Barbara L Wells, Sean M O'Brien, Eric D Peterson, Gillian D Sanders
BACKGROUND: Outcomes research training programs should prepare trainees to successfully compete for research funding. We examined how early-career investigators' prior and desired training aligns with recently funded cardiovascular (CV) outcomes research. METHODS: We (1) reviewed literature to identify 13 core competency areas in CV outcomes research; (2) surveyed early-career investigators to understand their prior and desired training in each competency area; (3) examined recently funded grants commonly pursued by early-career outcomes researchers to ascertain available funding in competency areas; and (4) analyzed alignment between investigator training and funded research in each competency area...
February 2018: American Heart Journal
Saad Khan
With the recent passage of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017, Congress has triggered groundbreaking Military Health System organizational restructuring with the Defense Health Agency assuming responsibility for managing all hospitals and clinics owned by the Army, Navy, and Air Force. This is a major shift toward a modern value-based managed care system, which will require much greater military-civilian health care delivery integration to be in place by October 2018. Just before the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2017 passage, the Department of Defense had already begun a seismic shift and awarded a contract for the new Military Health System-wide electronic health record system...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
Roberta Fernanda da Paz de Souza Paiva, Marcela Fernanda da Paz de Souza
The current study aimed to assess the association between socioeconomic conditions, basic sanitation, and coverage by family health teams and hospitalizations for waterborne diseases. The analysis of socioeconomic conditions and sanitation was based on an ecological study with data from the Brazilian National Household Sample Survey (PNAD) and the Brazilian Health Informatics Departament (DATASUS) database (observations for the States and Federal District) for the year 2013. Associations between family health teams and hospitalization were assessed by simple regressions, with data from DATASUS and the Department of Primary Care of Ministry of Health from 1998 to 2014...
February 5, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"