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Psychotropics induced skin lesions

Lohit Garg, Sagar Gupta, Abhishek Swami, Ping Zhang
Levamisole is an antihelminthic and immunomodulator medication that was banned by the USFDA in 1998. It has been increasingly used to adulterate cocaine due to its psychotropic effects and morphological properties. Adverse reactions including cutaneous vasculitis, thrombocytopenia, and agranulocytosis have been well described. Despite systemic vasculitis in this setting, renal involvement is uncommon. We report here a case of ANCA positive systemic vasculitis with biopsy proven immune complex mediated glomerulonephritis likely secondary to levamisole/cocaine...
2015: Case Reports in Nephrology
Lokesh K Singh, Manoj Sahu, Samir K Praharaj
Adverse cutaneous reactions are frequently reported to occur with the use of psychotropic medications, which may lead to poor drug compliance. As compared to other groups of psychotropic medication, antipsychotics, both typical and atypical, are less likely to cause adverse cutaneous reactions. The most frequent cutaneous adverse reactions associated with antipsychotics include fixed drug eruptions, exanthematous eruptions, photosensitivity reactions and altered skin pigmentation. Most of these commonly seen cutaneous adverse reactions are benign and easily treatable...
2015: Current Drug Safety
Hedy G Setyadi, Philip R Cohen, Keith E Schulze, Stephen H Mason, Paul T Martinelli, Eugene L Alford, George E Taffet, Bruce R Nelson
Ulceration of the nose may be inadvertently induced by the patient. Although trigeminal trophic syndrome is an uncommon cause of chronic ulcers, healthcare providers should consider the possibility of this disorder when encountering a patient with nasal ulcerations. Trigeminal trophic syndrome most commonly occurs in older women following therapy for trigeminal neuralgia. The ulcers usually involve the nasal ala and paranasal areas. The clinical vignette of a man with a self-induced nasal ulcer secondary to trigeminal trophic syndrome, which was initially suspected to be skin cancer, is presented...
January 2007: Southern Medical Journal
O Dereure
Drug-induced pigmentation represents 10 to 20% of all cases of acquired hyperpigmentation and this hypothesis must be systematically raised in unexplained pigmented lesions especially in elderly people. The pathogenesis of drug-induced pigmentation is variable according to the causative medication and can involve an accumulation of melanin, sometimes following a nonspecific cutaneous inflammation and often worsened by sun exposure, an accumulation of the triggering drug itself, a synthesis of special pigments under the direct influence of the drug or deposits of iron following damage to the dermal vessels...
2001: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
D G Folks, J K Warnock
Dermatologic conditions are commonly associated with psychiatric sequella, eg, urticaria, alopecia, psoriasis, or acne. Moreover, the onset and course of dermatologic disorders may be significantly influenced by stress, emotional disturbances, or psychiatric disorder. Compulsions involving the skin, excoriations, or hair pulling (trichotillomania) are the more frequently encountered problems. In some cases, skin conditions are self-induced or reflect signs or symptoms of an underlying psychiatric disorder, including psychosis or obsessive-compulsive disorder...
June 2001: Current Psychiatry Reports
A Federico, S Palmeri, A Malandrini, L Mangano, G Ciacci, C Scarpini, G Tiacci
Chronic treatment of humans with several drugs is associated with lesions resembling lipidosis in different tissues. Recently, a Creutzfeldt-Jacob-like syndrome has been observed during tricyclic antidepressant therapy, but no evidence of interaction of these drugs with lysosomal function has been reported during such treatment. We report a case of dementia, myoclonus, peripheral neuropathy, and lipid storage in the skin due to antidepressant drug therapy, in which the discontinuation of drugs resulted in an improvement of clinical and electrophysiologic signs together with reduction of morphological evidence of lipid lysosomal storage...
October 15, 1992: Biological Psychiatry
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