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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918118/case-report-aquatic-therapy-and-end-stage-dementia
#1
Bruce E Becker, Stacy Lynch
A 54-year old female, retired due to progressive cognitive decline, was diagnosed with early-onset Alzheimer's dementia. Conventional medication therapy for dementia had proven futile. Initial evaluation revealed a non-verbal female seated in a wheelchair, dependent on 2-person assist for all transfers and activities of daily living (ADLs.) She had been either non-responsive or actively resistive for both ADLs and transfers in the 6 months prior to assessment. Following a total of 17 one hour therapy sessions over 19 weeks in a warm water therapy pool, she achieved ability to tread water for 15 minutes, transfers improved to moderate to-maximum assist from seated, ambulation improved to 1000' with minimum-to-moderate assist of 2 persons...
September 13, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915605/hsp90-inhibitor-17-dmag-exerts-anticancer-effects-against-gastric-cancer-cells-principally-by-altering-oxidant-antioxidant-balance
#2
Jeong Goo Kim, Sang Chul Lee, Ok-Hee Kim, Kee-Hwan Kim, Kyo Young Song, Sang Kuon Lee, Byung Jo Choi, Wonjun Jeong, Say-June Kim
Heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) stabilizes numerous oncoproteins and, therefore, its inhibition has emerged as a promising antineoplastic strategy for diverse malignancies. In this study, we determined the therapeutic effects and mechanisms of action of a specific HSP90 inhibitor, 17-dimethylamino-ethylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-DMAG), in gastric cancer cell lines (AGS, SNU-1, and KATO-III), patient-derived tissues, and a mouse xenograft model. 17-DMAG exerted anticancer effects against gastric cancer cells, manifested by significantly decreased proliferation rates (P < 0...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913296/effect-of-relaxin-expressing-adenovirus-on-scar-remodeling-a-preliminary-study
#3
Bok Ki Jung, Won Jai Lee, Eunhye Kang, Hyo Min Ahn, Yong Oock Kim, Dong Kyun Rah, Chae-Ok Yun, In Sik Yun
BACKGROUND: Relaxin is a transforming growth factor β1 antagonist. To determine the effects of relaxin on scar reduction, we investigated the scar remodeling process by injecting relaxin-expressing adenoviruses using a pig scar model. METHODS: Scars with full thickness were generated on the backs of Yorkshire pigs. Scars were divided into two groups (relaxin [RLX] and Control). Adenoviruses were injected into the RLX (expressing relaxin) and Control (not expressing relaxin) groups...
March 2017: Arch Craniofac Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912444/pan-genomic-and-transcriptomic-analyses-of-leuconostoc-mesenteroides-provide-insights-into-its-genomic-and-metabolic-features-and-roles-in-kimchi-fermentation
#4
Byung Hee Chun, Kyung Hyun Kim, Hye Hee Jeon, Se Hee Lee, Che Ok Jeon
The genomic and metabolic features of Leuconostoc (Leu) mesenteroides were investigated through pan-genomic and transcriptomic analyses. Relatedness analysis of 17 Leu. mesenteroides strains available in GenBank based on 16S rRNA gene sequence, average nucleotide identity, in silico DNA-DNA hybridization, molecular phenotype, and core-genome indicated that Leu. mesenteroides has been separated into different phylogenetic lineages. Pan-genome of Leu. mesenteroides strains, consisting of 999 genes in core-genome, 1,432 genes in accessory-genome, and 754 genes in unique genome, and their COG and KEGG analyses showed that Leu...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911650/time-course-effects-of-fermentation-on-fatty-acid-and-volatile-compound-profiles-of-cheonggukjang-using-new-soybean-cultivars
#5
Kye Man Cho, Ho-Jeong Lim, Mi-So Kim, Da Som Kim, Chung Eun Hwang, Sang Hae Nam, Ok Soo Joo, Byong Won Lee, Jae Kyeom Kim, Eui-Cheol Shin
In this study, we investigated the effects of the potential probiotic Bacillus subtilis CSY191 on the fatty acid profiles of Cheonggukjang, a fermented soybean paste, prepared using new Korean brown soybean cultivars, protein-rich cultivar (Saedanbaek), and oil-rich cultivar (Neulchan). Twelve fatty acids were identified in the sample set-myristic, palmitic, palmitoleic, stearic, oleic, vaccenic, linoleic, α-linolenic, arachidic, gondoic, behenic, and lignoceric acids-yet, no specific changes driven by fermentation were noted in the fatty acid profiles...
July 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905700/roseomonas-aerofrigidensis-sp-nov-isolated-from-an-air-conditioner
#6
Jong Woo Hyeon, Che Ok Jeon
A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic bacterium, designated HC1T, was isolated from an air conditioner in South Korea. Cells were orange, non-motile cocci with oxidase- and catalase-positive activities and did not contain bacteriochlorophyll a. Growth of strain HC1T was observed at 10-45 °C (optimum, 30 °C), pH 4.5-9.5 (optimum, pH 7.0) and 0-3 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0 %). Strain HC1T contained summed feature 8 (comprising C18 : 1ω7c/C18 : 1ω6c), C16 : 0 and cyclo-C19 : 0ω8c as the major fatty acids and ubiquinone-10 as the sole isoprenoid quinone...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905694/sphingomonas-carri-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-car-air-conditioning-system
#7
Hyosun Lee, Dong-Uk Kim, Suyeon Lee, Jungpyo Yun, Sooyeon Park, Jung-Hoon Yoon, So Yoon Park, Jong-Ok Ka
A Gram-stain-negative, yellow-pigmented bacterial strain, designated PR0302T, was isolated from a car evaporator core collected in Korea. The cells were strictly aerobic, non-spore-forming and rod-shaped. The strain grew at 15-37 °C (optimum, 25 °C), at pH 6.0-8.0 (optimum, 7.0) and in the presence of 0-1 % (w/v) NaCl. Phylogenetically, the strain was closely related to members of the genus Sphingomonas(97.04-91.22 % 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities) and showed the highest sequence similarity of 97...
September 14, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904845/biomarker-for-the-prediction-of-major-adverse-cardiac-events-in-patients-with-non-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#8
REVIEW
Ho Sun Shon, Jang-Whan Bae, Kyoung Ok Kim, Eun Jong Cha, Kyung Ah Kim
N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a well-known biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of heart failure, and is directly associated with myocardial dysfunction. We evaluated the prognostic value of NT-proBNP for major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) among patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry during their mid-term follow-up period. In this paper, we analyzed NT-proBNP according to various MACE and level of NT-proBNP...
August 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903631/evaluation-of-overactive-bladder-and-nocturia-as-a-risk-factor-for-hip-fracture-in-climacteric-women-a-matched-pair-case-control-study
#9
Aysun Karabulut, Serap Simavlı, Ömer Demirtaş, Nusret Ök, Harun Reşit Güngör, Ali Zümrütbaş
The aim of this study was to investigate whether overactive bladder (OAB) influences hip fractures in climacteric women by comparing the frequency of OAB and nocturia symptoms in patients with hip fractures and their age-matched controls in pre-fracture period. A total of 30 climacteric patients with a history of hip fracture were compared to a control group of 51 women in terms of OAB, nocturia and nocturia-QoL. A questionnaire composed of structured questions and Turkish validated versions of the specific questionnaires for OAB, OAB-Quality of Life (OAB-q) and nocturia-QoL was directed to the two groups...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903175/chelant-enhanced-washing-of-cca-contaminated-soil-coupled-with-selective-dissolution-or-soil-stabilization
#10
Jingzi Beiyuan, Abbe Y T Lau, Daniel C W Tsang, Weihua Zhang, Chih-Ming Kao, Kitae Baek, Yong Sik Ok, Xiang-Dong Li
Remediation of CCA-contaminated soil (Cr, Cu, and As) by biodegradable chelant-enhanced washing (EDDS, S,S-ethylene-diamine-disuccinic-acid) needs further enhancement. This study investigated the effectiveness of coupling with pre-treatment by selective dissolution and post-treatment by soil amendments, respectively. Three groups of reagents (reductants, alkaline solvents, and organic ligands) were adopted in the pre-treatment to dissolve the oxide minerals before EDDS extraction. In the post-treatment, soil amendments (coal fly ash (CFA), acid mine drainage sludge (AMDS), green waste compost (GWC)), and their mixtures) were used for a 2-month stabilization after 2-h EDDS washing...
September 9, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902883/association-between-e-e%C3%A2-ratio-and-fluid-overload-in-patients-with-predialysis-chronic-kidney-disease
#11
Jae-Seok Kim, Jae-Won Yang, Jin Sae Yoo, Seung Ok Choi, Byoung-Geun Han
BACKGROUND: Chronic fluid overload is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and can with time lead to diastolic dysfunction and heart failure. We investigated whether markers of fluid status, such as NT-proBNP and bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS), can predict echocardiographic findings of diastolic dysfunction in non-dialysis CKD5 patients. METHODS: BIS, echocardiography, and measurement of serum NT-proBNP were performed in patients with non-dialysis CKD stage 5 at a single study visit...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902510/stereospecific-formation-of-e-and-z-disubstituted-double-bonds-by-dehydratase-domains-from-modules-1-and-2-of-the-fostriecin-polyketide-synthase
#12
Young-Ok You, Dhara D Shah, David E Cane
The dehydratase domain FosDH1 from module 1 of the fostriecin polyketide synthase (PKS) catalyzed the stereospecific interconversion of (3R)-3-hydroxybutyryl-FosACP1 (5) and (E)-2-butenoyl-FosACP1 (11), as established by a combination of direct LC-MS/MS and chiral GC-MS. FosDH1 did not act on either (3S)-3-hydroxybutyryl-FosACP1 (6) or (Z)-2-butenoyl-FosACP1 (12). FosKR2, the ketoreductase from module 2 of the fostriecin PKS that normally provides the natural substrate for FosDH2, was shown to catalyze the NADPH-dependent stereospecific reduction of 3-ketobutyryl-FosACP2 (23) to (3S)-3-hydroxybutyryl-FosACP2 (8)...
September 13, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901812/efficacy-of-a-3c-like-protease-inhibitor-in-treating-various-forms-of-acquired-feline-infectious-peritonitis
#13
Niels C Pedersen, Yunjeong Kim, Hongwei Liu, Anushka C Galasiti Kankanamalage, Chrissy Eckstrand, William C Groutas, Michael Bannasch, Juliana M Meadows, Kyeong-Ok Chang
Objectives The safety and efficacy of the 3C-like protease inhibitor GC376 was tested on a cohort of client-owned cats with various forms of feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). Methods Twenty cats from 3.3-82 months of age (mean 10.4 months) with various forms of FIP were accepted into a field trial. Fourteen cats presented with wet or dry-to-wet FIP and six cats presented with dry FIP. GC376 was administered subcutaneously every 12 h at a dose of 15 mg/kg. Cats with neurologic signs were excluded from the study...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900070/item-development-process-and-analysis-of-50-case-based-items-for-implementation-on-the-korean-nursing-licensing-examination
#14
In Sook Park, Yeon Ok Suh, Hae Sook Park, So Young Kang, Kwang Sung Kim, Gyung Hee Kim, Yeon-Hee Choi, Hyun-Ju Kim
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to improve the quality of items on the Korean Nursing Licensing Examination by developing and evaluating case-based items that reflect integrated nursing knowledge. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional observational study to develop new case-based items. The methods for developing test items included expert workshops, brainstorming, and verification of content validity. After a mock examination of undergraduate nursing students using the newly developed case-based items, we evaluated the appropriateness of the items through classical test theory and item response theory...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899881/tet1-overexpression-leads-to-anxiety-like-behavior-and-enhanced-fear-memories-via-the-activation-of-calcium-dependent-cascade-through-egr1-expression-in-mice
#15
Wookbong Kwon, Hyeng-Soo Kim, Jain Jeong, Yonghun Sung, Minjee Choi, Song Park, Jinhee Lee, Soyoung Jang, Sung Hyun Kim, Sanggyu Lee, Myoung Ok Kim, Zae Young Ryoo
Ten-eleven translocation methylcytosine dioxygenase 1 (Tet1) initiates DNA demethylation by converting 5-methylcytosine (5-mC) to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5-hmC) at CpG-rich regions of genes, which have key roles in adult neurogenesis and memory. In addition, the overexpression of Tet1 with 5-hmC alteration in patients with psychosis has also been reported, for instance in schizophrenia and bipolar disorders. The mechanism underlying Tet1 overexpression in the brain; however, is still elusive. In the present study, we found that Tet1-transgenic (Tet1-TG) mice displayed abnormal behaviors involving elevated anxiety and enhanced fear memories...
September 12, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899385/coronary-artery-calcium-score-plays-an-important-role-for-cardiovascular-risk-stratification-in-the-statin-benefit-groups-of-asymptomatic-individuals
#16
Dong-Hyeon Lee, Ho-Joong Youn, Hae-Ok Jung, Kiyuk Chang, Yun-Seok Choi, Jung Im Jung
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze the relationship between statin benefit groups based on statin-intensity class of drugs and coronary artery calcium score (CACS) using multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in an asymptomatic Korean population. METHODS: A total of 3914 asymptomatic individuals (mean age: 55 ± 10 years; male: female = 2649: 1265) who underwent MDCT for health examination between January 2009 and December 2012 were retrospectively enrolled...
September 12, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898844/polar-aprotic-solvent-water-mixture-as-the-medium-for-catalytic-production-of-hydroxymethylfurfural-hmf-from-bread-waste
#17
Iris K M Yu, Daniel C W Tsang, Season S Chen, Lei Wang, Andrew J Hunt, James Sherwood, Karine De Oliveira Vigier, François Jérôme, Yong Sik Ok, Chi Sun Poon
Valorisation of bread waste for hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) synthesis was examined in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)-, tetrahydrofuran (THF)-, acetonitrile (ACN)-, and acetone-water (1:1v/v), under heating at 140°C with SnCl4 as the catalyst. The overall rate of the process was the fastest in ACN/H2O and acetone/H2O, followed by DMSO/H2O and THF/H2O due to the rate-limiting glucose isomerisation. However, the formation of levulinic acid (via rehydration) and humins (via polymerisation) was more significant in ACN/H2O and acetone/H2O...
September 1, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898421/tooth-bleaching-with-low-temperature-plasma-lowers-surface-roughness-and-streptococcus-mutans-adhesion
#18
S-H Nam, S-M Ok, G-C Kim
AIM: To evaluate the structural-morphological changes in enamel surface roughness and Streptococcus mutans adhesion after tooth bleaching using plasma in combination with a low concentration of 15% carbamide peroxide (CP). METHODOLOGYS: Sixty pairs of premolars were randomly assigned to the treatment groups (n = 30; buccal surface, Groups 1A/2A) or controls (n = 30; palatal surface, Groups 1B/2B). Group 1A received a low concentration of 15% CP and low-temperature plasma...
September 12, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895862/immunomodulatory-effects-of-soluble-factors-secreted-by-feline-adipose-tissue-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#19
Hyung-Kyu Chae, Woo-Jin Song, Jin-Ok Ahn, Qiang Li, Bo-Yeon Lee, Kyeong Kweon, Sang-Chul Park, Hwa-Young Youn
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have immunomodulatory functions and differentiation capacity, and their clinical use is increasing in veterinary species. Although MSCs have been applied in the treatment in various inflammatory diseases, mechanistic research on feline MSCs is lacking. Accordingly, in this study, we aimed to investigate the immunomodulatory mechanisms of MSCs isolated from feline adipose tissue (fATMSCs). fATMSCs from healthy cats were cultured in an appropriate manner and cocultured with transwell-separated allogeneic feline peripheral blood mononuclear cells (fPBMCs) and RAW264...
September 2017: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895525/description-of-mycobacterium-chelonae-subsp-bovis-subsp-nov-isolated-from-cattle-bos-taurus-coreanae-emended-description-of-mycobacterium-chelonae-and-creation-of-mycobacterium-chelonae-subsp-chelonae-subsp-nov
#20
Byoung-Jun Kim, Ga-Na Kim, Bo-Ram Kim, Che Ok Jeon, Joseph Jeong, Seon Ho Lee, Ji-Hun Lim, Seung-Heon Lee, Chang Ki Kim, Yoon-Hoh Kook, Bum-Joon Kim
Three rapidly growing mycobacterial strains, QIA-37T, QIA-40 and QIA-41, were isolated from the lymph nodes of three separate Korean native cattle, Hanwoo (Bos taurus coreanae). These strains were previously shown to be phylogenetically distinct but closely related to Mycobacterium chelonae ATCC 35752T by taxonomic approaches targeting three genes (16S rRNA, hsp6 and rpoB) and were further characterized using a polyphasic approach in this study. The 16S rRNA gene sequences of all three strains showed 99.7 % sequence similarity with that of the M...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
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