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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238895/hispanic-mothers-views-of-the-fathers-role-in-promoting-healthy-behaviors-at-home-focus-group-findings
#1
Karina R Lora, Marshall Cheney, Paul Branscum
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity prevention interventions rarely take into account the unique role of fathers in promoting healthy home environments. OBJECTIVE: To use qualitative methodology to examine the views of Hispanic mothers of children aged 2 to 5 years regarding fathers' roles in promoting healthy behaviors at home. DESIGN: Nine focus groups were conducted in Spanish with Hispanic mothers of preschool-aged children (N=55) from October to December 2015...
February 23, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237384/timely-bystander-cpr-improves-outcomes-despite-longer-ems-times
#2
Gwan Jin Park, Kyoung Jun Song, Sang Do Shin, Kyung Won Lee, Ki Ok Ahn, Eui Jung Lee, Ki Jeong Hong, Young Sun Ro
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the impact of bystander CPR on clinical outcomes in patients with increasing response time from collapse to EMS response. METHODS: A population-based observational study was conducted in patients with witnessed out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) of presumed cardiac etiology from 2012 to 2014. The time interval from collapse to CPR by EMS providers was categorized into quartile groups: fastest group (<4min), fast group (4 to <8min), late group (8 to <15min), and latest group (15 to <30min)...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236878/potassium-excretion-and-outcomes-in-ckd-is-k-intake-ok
#3
EDITORIAL
Salma Elbehary, Harold M Szerlip, Peter A McCullough
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236549/effects-of-resection-of-posterior-condyles-of-femur-on-extension-gap-of-knee-joint-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#4
Seung-Suk Seo, Chang-Wan Kim, Jin-Hyuk Seo, Do-Hun Kim, Ok-Gul Kim, Chang-Rack Lee
BACKGROUND: When evaluating the effects of the preparation of the flexion gap on the extension gap in total knee arthroplasty (TKA), the effects of posterior condylar resection and osteophyte removal on the extension gap should be differentiated. Although the amount of osteophytes differs between patients, posterior condylar resection is a procedure that is routinely implemented in TKA. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of the resection of the posterior condyle of the femur on the extension gap in posterior-stabilized (PS) TKA...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236539/individual-case-review-in-a-phase-3-randomized-trial-to-investigate-the-role-of-internal-mammary-lymph-node-irradiation-for-breast-cancer-korean-radiation-oncology-group-08-06-study
#5
Hong In Yoon, Jeongmin Yoon, Yoonsun Chung, Chung Mo Nam, Hyejung Cha, Jinhyun Choi, Jeongshim Lee, Hee Ji Han, Yeona Cho, Yong Bae Kim, Chang-Ok Suh
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess protocol compliance based on an individual case review (ICR) of the Korean Radiation Oncology Group-0806 trial. METHODS AND MATERIALS: For the ICR, 747 participants were divided into eight subgroups based on internal mammary node irradiation (IMNI), tumor laterality, and surgery type. Next, 15% of patients were randomly selected within each subgroup, and corresponding hospitals were subsequently requested to upload information related to radiation therapy (RT) planning...
February 21, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231504/effect-of-biochar-on-cadmium-bioavailability-and-uptake-in-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l-grown-in-a-soil-with-aged-contamination
#6
Tahir Abbas, Muhammad Rizwan, Shafaqat Ali, Muhammad Zia-Ur-Rehman, Muhammad Farooq Qayyum, Farhat Abbas, Fakhir Hannan, Jörg Rinklebe, Yong Sik Ok
Cadmium (Cd) is a well-known and widespread toxic heavy metal while the effects of biochar (BC) on Cd bioavailability and toxicity in wheat, especially in soils with aged contamination are largely unknown. In the present study, the effect of rice straw BC on Cd immobilization in soil and uptake by wheat in an agricultural contaminated-soil was investigated. Different levels of rice straw BC (0%, 1.5%, 3.0% and 5% w/w) were incorporated into the soil and incubated for two weeks. After this, wheat plants were grown in the amended soil until maturity...
February 20, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229381/adsorption-of-ammonium-in-aqueous-solutions-by-pine-sawdust-and-wheat-straw-biochars
#7
Hye In Yang, Kangyi Lou, Anushka Upamali Rajapaksha, Yong Sik Ok, Anthony O Anyia, Scott X Chang
Ammonium (NH4(+)) is a common form of reactive nitrogen in wastewater, and its discharge to water bodies can lead to eutrophication. This study was conducted to understand NH4(+) adsorption mechanisms of pine sawdust and wheat straw biochars in aqueous solutions and the factors affecting NH4(+) removal. Biochars were produced by pyrolysing pine sawdust at 300 °C (PS300) and 550 °C (PS550) and wheat straw at 550 °C (WS550). Pseudo-second-order and Redlich-Peterson models best fitted the adsorption data...
February 22, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228829/hepatic-iron-storage-is-related-to-body-adiposity-and-hepatic-inflammation
#8
Chan Yoon Park, Jayong Chung, Kyung-Ok Koo, Min Soo Kim, Sung Nim Han
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been reported to be associated with iron deficiency. However, few studies have investigated iron status in low adiposity. To investigate whether body adiposity was associated with altered hepatic iron status, we compared liver iron levels and markers involved in inflammation and iron absorption in obese, control, and mildly calorie restricted mice. METHODS: Seven week old C57BL/6 mice were fed control (10% kcal fat, Control) or high fat (60% kcal fat, HFD) diets, or reduced amount of control diet to achieve 15% calorie restriction (CR) for 16 weeks...
2017: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228085/emergence-of-ad-mediated-combination-therapy-against-cancer-what-to-expect
#9
JinWoo Hong, Chae-Ok Yun
Novel treatment modalities are rapidly advancing toward clinical use as many malignant cancers still remain incurable. Adenovirus (Ad) in particular has been extensively researched as a promising alternative to conventional cancer therapy in the past decades. Although Ad has demonstrated promising therapeutic outcome and cancer-specificity in preclinical models, its therapeutic efficacy in clinical trials is still insufficient due to several drawbacks such as rapid clearance of viral particles by host immune response, induction of acute inflammatory response, and hepatotoxicity...
February 22, 2017: Current Cancer Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224772/effects-of-neutralization-by-soluble-abh-antigens-produced-by-transplanted-kidneys-from-abo-incompatible-secretor-donors
#10
Jieun Kim, Sinyoung Kim, In Sik Hwang, Jong Rak Choi, Jae Geun Lee, Yu Seun Kim, Myoung Soo Kim, Hyun Ok Kim
BACKGROUND: Grafts survive despite blood group antigens on the transplant being continuously exposed to antibodies in the blood of recipients in ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation (ABOi KT), owing to the mechanism of accommodation. We analyzed the immunodynamics of soluble ABH antigens in allografts from secretor donors and the influence of such immunodynamics on accommodation and subsequent graft survival in ABOi KT. METHODS: The genotype of a known human β-galactoside α-1,2-fucosyltransferase gene (FUT2), which determines soluble ABH antigen secretor status, was established in 32 donors for ABOi KT at the Severance Hospital, from June 2010 to July 2015...
May 2017: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224692/renal-function-affects-hippocampal-volume-and-cognition-the-role-of-vascular-burden-and-amyloid-deposition
#11
Hoyoung An, Booyeol Choi, Sang Joon Son, Eun Young Cho, Seon-Ok Kim, Sooyun Cho, Duk-Hee Kang, Chul Lee, Seong Yoon Kim
AIM: We determined if differences in renal function, even within normal levels, influenced hippocampal volume (HCV) and cognition. METHODS: Cognitively normal (CN) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) subjects with eGFR ≥ 60 ml/min/1.73m(2) were selected from the ADNI database (N = 1,269) and divided into three groups (eGFR 60-75, 75-90 and ≥90). Associations between eGFR, HCV and cognition scores were examined using regression methods, and random-coefficient models...
February 22, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221243/effects-of-glycyrrhizin-on-the-differentiation-of-myeloid-cells-of-the-heart-and-lungs-in-lipopolysaccharide-induced-septic-mice
#12
Eun-Hye Seo, Ga-Yun Song, Byung Ok Kwak, Chung-Sik Oh, Seung Hyun Lee, Seong-Hyop Kim
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effects of glycyrrhizin (GR) on the ratio of myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) to cluster of differentiation (CD)11b+Gr1 myeloid cells in the heart and lungs in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced septic mice. METHODS: Mice were divided into three groups: Control, LPS, and LPS+GR. After intraperitoneal injection of phosphate-buffered saline for the Control group, LPS for the LPS group, and a combination of LPS and GR for the LPS+GR group, fluorescence-activated cell sorting was utilized to evaluate cytokines and immune cells in the blood, heart, and lungs...
February 17, 2017: Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218957/cyclic-fatigue-resistance-of-a-novel-rotary-file-manufactured-using-controlled-memory-ni-ti-technology-compared-to-a-file-made-from-m-wire-file
#13
E Alshwaimi
AIM: To compare the cyclic fatigue properties of a novel file made using controlled memory NiTi technology with those of files made from M-wire. METHODOLOGY: Twelve files with similar cross-sectional geometry and tip size from each of the following groups were tested: Proflexendo made from CMT (PE; size 30 .04) (Nexden, Houston, Tx, USA), ProFile Vortex made from M-wire (PV; size 30 .04) (Dentsply Tulsa Dental, Tulsa, OK, USA), and ProTaper Universal made from regular alloy (PU; F3) (Dentsply Tulsa Dental)...
February 20, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217677/delayed-hemorrhage-effect-of-local-anesthesia-with-epinephrine-in-the-loop-electrosurgical-excisional-procedure
#14
Yong Jae Lee, Yunjin Park, In Ok Lee, Jung Won Yoon, Jung Yoon Lee, Sang Wun Kim, Sunghoon Kim, Young Tae Kim, Eun Ji Nam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate factors preventing delayed hemorrhage after the loop electrosurgical excisional procedure (LEEP). METHODS: Medical records of patients who underwent LEEP at one university affiliated hospital from October 2013 to January 2015 were reviewed. Patients with or without delayed hemorrhage were classified. LEEP was performed either in an operating room under general anesthesia or in a procedure room with local anesthesia in the outpatient clinic...
January 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216548/hyperglycemia-aggravates-decreases-of-pea-15-and-its-two-phosphorylated-forms-in-cerebral-ischemia
#15
Jin-Hee Sung, Phil-Ok Koh
Diabetes is a metabolic health disorder and an important risk factor for stroke. Phosphoprotein enriched in astrocytes 15 (PEA-15) is a multifunctional protein modulating cell proliferation, survival, apoptosis and glucose metabolism. This study investigated whether diabetes modulates the expression of PEA-15 and two phosphorylated forms (Ser 104 and Ser 116) in middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO)-induced brain injury. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were administrated with streptozotocin (40 mg/kg) and were underwent right middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) 4 weeks after streptozotocin injection...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215499/near-binocular-visual-function-in-young-adult-orthokeratology-versus-soft-contact-lens-wearers
#16
Kate Gifford, Paul Gifford, Peter L Hendicott, Katrina L Schmid
PURPOSE: To compare near point binocular vision function of young adult myopes wearing orthokeratology (OK) lenses to matched single vision soft disposable contact lens (SCL) wearers. METHODS: A retrospective clinical record analysis of all OK wearers (18-30 years) presenting over an 18 month period was undertaken. Data was extracted for 17 OK wearers, with 17 SCL wearers matched for age, refractive error and duration of contact lens wear. Binocular vision data included horizontal phoria (phoria), horizontal base-in (BIFR) and base-out fusional reserves (BOFR) and accommodation accuracy (AA)...
February 15, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211973/cover-image-volume-173a-number-3-march-2017
#17
Smrithi Salian, Tae-Joon Cho, Shubha R Phadke, Kalpana Gowrishankar, Gandham SriLakshmi Bhavani, Anju Shukla, Sujatha Jagadeesh, Ok-Hwa Kim, Gen Nishimura, Katta M Girisha
The cover image, by Katta M. Girisha et al., is based on the Original Article Additional three patients with smithmccort dysplasia due to novel rab33b mutations, DOI: 10.1002/ajmg.a.38064.
March 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208839/interventions-for-preventing-childhood-obesity-with-smartphones-and-wearable-device-a-protocol-for-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Hye Jung Yang, Jae-Heon Kang, Ok Hyun Kim, Mona Choi, Myungju Oh, Jihyun Nam, Eunju Sung
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a critical health issue, both currently and for the foreseeable future. To prevent obesity, behavior changes are essential. Smartphones can be a good tool, as the number of child smartphone users is rapidly increasing. We have developed a mobile platform system named "HAPPY ME," which is a smartphone application coupled with a wearable device, designed to improve healthy behaviors to prevent childhood obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of obesity prevention among children 10-12 years of age using HAPPY ME...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208809/a-lipid-emulsion-reverses-toxic-dose-bupivacaine-induced-vasodilation-during-tyrosine-phosphorylation-evoked-contraction-in-isolated-rat-aortae
#19
Seong-Ho Ok, Soo Hee Lee, Seong-Chun Kwon, Mun Hwan Choi, Il-Woo Shin, Sebin Kang, Miyeong Park, Jeong-Min Hong, Ju-Tae Sohn
The goal of this in vitro study was to examine the effect of a lipid emulsion on toxic-dose bupivacaine-induced vasodilation in a model of tyrosine phosphatase inhibitor sodium orthovanadate-induced contraction in endothelium-denuded rat aortae and to elucidate the associated cellular mechanism. The effect of a lipid emulsion on vasodilation induced by a toxic dose of a local anesthetic during sodium orthovanadate-induced contraction was examined. In addition, the effects of various inhibitors, either bupivacaine alone or a lipid emulsion plus bupivacaine, on protein kinase phosphorylation induced by sodium orthovanadate in rat aortic vascular smooth muscle cells was examined...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208001/predictive-factors-for-complete-response-and-recurrence-after-transarterial-chemoembolization-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#20
Shin Ok Jeong, Eui Bae Kim, Soung Won Jeong, Jae Young Jang, Sae Hwan Lee, Sang Gyune Kim, Sang Woo Cha, Young Seok Kim, Young Deok Cho, Hong Soo Kim, Boo Sung Kim, Yong Jae Kim, Dong Erk Goo, Su Yeon Park
Background/Aims: To investigate the predictive factors for complete response (CR) and recurrence after CR in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). Methods: Among 691 newly diagnosed HCC patients, 287 were treated with TACE as a first therapy. We analyzed the predictive factors for CR, recurrence after CR, and overall survival (OS). Results: Eighty-one patients (28.2%) achieved CR after TACE, and recurrence after CR was detected in 35 patients (43...
February 17, 2017: Gut and Liver
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