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"solid dispersion"

Hiroki Suzuki, Tatsuru Moritani, Tadahiko Morinaga, Yoshiki Seto, Hideyuki Sato, Satomi Onoue
The present study aimed to develop an amorphous solid dispersion (ASD) of cyclosporine A (CsA) by a fine droplet drying (FDD) process for improvement in oral absorption of CsA. CsA and hydroxypropyl cellulose-SSL were dissolved in 1,4-dioxane, and the solution was powdered by the FDD process to obtain the ASD formulation of CsA (ASD/CsA). The ASD/CsA was characterized in terms of morphology, particle size distribution, crystallinity, dissolution behavior, physicochemical stability, and pharmacokinetic behavior in rats...
January 13, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Justin S LaFountaine, Leena Kumari Prasad, Dave A Miller, James W McGinity, Robert O Williams
The oral delivery of mucoadhesive patches has been shown to enhance the absorption of large molecules such as peptides. We hypothesized that this mechanism could have utility for poorly soluble small molecules by utilizing a mucoadhesive polymer as the matrix for an amorphous solid dispersion. Binary dispersions of itraconazole and carbomer (Carbopol 71G) were prepared utilizing a thermokinetic mixing process (KinetiSol Dispersing) and the physicochemical properties were investigated by powder x-ray diffraction, calorimetry, and liquid chromatography...
January 11, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Rohan Ghadi, Neha Dand
BCS class IV drugs (e.g., amphotericin B, furosemide, acetazolamide, ritonavir, paclitaxel) exhibit many characteristics that are problematic for effective oral and per oral delivery. Some of the problems associated include low aqueous solubility, poor permeability, erratic and poor absorption, inter and intra subject variability and significant positive food effect which leads to low and variable bioavailability. Also, most of the class IV drugs are substrate for P-glycoprotein (low permeability) and substrate for CYP3A4 (extensive pre systemic metabolism) which further potentiates the problem of poor therapeutic potential of these drugs...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Shuli Zhang, Xuan Meng, Zheng Wang, Aiping Fan, Guocheng Wang, Yanjun Zhao, Yu Tang
It is often challenging to precisely manipulate the release behavior of hydrophilic drugs that is believed to be crucial for a satisfactory therapeutic outcome. The aim of this work was to regulate the dissolution of hydrophilic drug from hot-melt extruded solid dispersion via rational screening of the pore-forming agents. Venlafaxine hydrochloride and Compritol® 888 ATO was selected as the model drug and carrier excipient, respectively. Hydrophilic polyethylene glycol (PEG 6000) and polyvinylpyrolidone (PVP K30) were chosen as the transient pore-forming agents...
January 10, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Paroma Chakravarty, Joseph W Lubach, Jonathan Hau, Karthik Nagapudi
The purpose of this study was to determine the drug-polymer miscibility of GENE-A, a Genentech molecule, and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose-acetate succinate (HPMC-AS), a polymer, using computational and experimental approaches. The Flory-Huggins interaction parameter,χ, was obtained by calculating the solubility parameters for GENE-A and HPMC-AS over the temperature range of 25-100°C to obtain the free energy of mixing at different drug loadings (0-100%) using the Materials Studio modeling and simulation platform (thermodynamic approach)...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Ahmed A El-Shenawy, Mahmoud M Ahmed, Heba F Mansour, Saleh Abd El Rasoul
The present study planed to develop new fast dissolving tablets (FDTs) of torsemide. Solid dispersions (SDs) of torsemide and sorbitol (3:1) or polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) k25 were prepared. The prepared SDs were evaluated for in-vitro dissolution. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetry for SDs revealed no drug/excipient interactions and transformation of torsemide to the amorphous form. Torsemide/sorbitol SD was selected for formulation of torsemide FDTs by direct compression method...
January 3, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
R Gupta, D Cvetkovic, B Wang, L Chen, C Ma
PURPOSE: To study the biodistribution of paclitaxel-loaded nanodroplets in vivo in order to evaluate the efficacy of focused ultrasound (FUS)-mediated drug delivery under MR-guidance to prostate tumor. METHODS: Poly {ethylene oxide}-co-poly {D, L-lactide} (PDLA) nanodroplets loaded with fluorescently labeled-paclitaxel (F-PTX) were synthesized using solid dispersion technique. Human prostate cancer, LNCaP cells were implanted orthotopically in prostates of male nude mice...
June 2016: Medical Physics
Kristin Lehmkemper, Samuel O Kyeremateng, Oliver Heinzerling, Matthias Degenhardt, Gabriele Sadowski
The preparation of amorphous solid dispersion (ASD) formulations is a promising strategy to improve the bioavailability of an active pharmaceutical ingredient (API). By dissolving the API in a polymer it is stabilized in its amorphous form, which usually shows higher water solubility than its crystalline counterpart. To prevent recrystallization, the long-term physical stability of ASD formulations is of big interest. In this work, the solubility of the APIs acetaminophen and naproxen in the excipient polymers poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP K25) and poly(vinylpyrrolidone-co-vinyl acetate) (PVPVA64) was calculated with three models: the Perturbed-Chain Statistical Associating Fluid Theory (PC-SAFT), the Flory-Huggins model (FH), and an empirical model (Kyeremateng et al...
January 3, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Frank Theil, Sankaran Anantharaman, Samuel O Kyeremateng, Holger van Lishaut, Sebastian H Dreis-Kühne, Jörg Rosenberg, Markus Mägerlein, Gerd H Woehrle
Kinetically stabilized amorphous solid dispersions are inherently metastable systems. Therefore, such systems are generally considered prone to recrystallization. In some cases, the formation of crystals will impact the bioavailability of the active pharmaceutical ingredient in these formulations. Recrystallization therefore may present a significant risk for patients as it potentially lowers the effective dose of the pharmaceutical formulation. This study indicates that such metastable formulations may indeed remain fully amorphous even after more than two decades of storage under ambient conditions...
January 3, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Yi Rang Han, Ping I Lee
Solubility limited compounds require enabling formulations such as amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs) to increase the apparent solubility by dissolving to a concentration higher than the equilibrium solubility of the drug. This may lead to subsequent precipitation and thus the loss of the solubility advantage. Although higher supersaturation is known to result in faster precipitation, the overall effect of this faster precipitation on the bioavailability is not well understood. The objective of this study is to gain a better understanding of the impact of extent of supersaturation (i...
January 3, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
Satoshi Tominaka, Kohsaku Kawakami, Mayuko Fukushima, Aoi Miyazaki
Amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs) play a key role in the pharmaceutical industry through the use of high-energy amorphous state to improve solubility of pharmaceutical agents. Understanding the physical stability of pharmaceutical glasses is of great importance for their successful development. We focused on the anti-HIV agent, ritonavir (RTV), and investigated the influence of annealing at temperatures below the glass transition temperature (sub-Tg) on physical stability, and found that the sub-Tg annealing effectively stabilized RTV glasses...
January 3, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
E Kaminska, O Madejczyk, M Tarnacka, K Jurkiewicz, K Kaminski, M Paluch
Broadband dielectric spectroscopy (BDS) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were applied to investigate the molecular dynamics and phase transitions in binary mixtures composed of naproxen (NAP) and acetylated saccharides: maltose (acMAL) and sucrose (acSUC). Moreover, the application of BDS method and optical microscopy enabled us to study both crystallization kinetics and crystal growth of naproxen from the solid dispersions with the highest content of modified carbohydrates (1:5 weight ratio). It was found that the activation barriers of crystallization estimated from dielectric measurements are completely different for both studied herein mixtures...
December 26, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Roya Ghanavati, Azade Taheri, Alireza Homayouni
Celecoxib is a COX II inhibitor NSAID which is used for joint pains, rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, however due to its poor water solubility it shows very low oral bioavailability. Using solid dispersion formulations is one of the most promising strategies to increase solubility of poorly water soluble drugs. The purpose of this study is dissolution enhancement of celecoxib by preparation of solid dispersions via spray drying technique using PVP and Isomalt as hydrophilic carriers. Different ratios of celecoxib, Isomalt and PVP K30 (7:3:0, 5:5:0, 3:7:0, 1:9:0 and 3:5:2, 3:2:5) were prepared from 2% hydroalcoholic solutions (70:30 ethanol:water) using spray drier...
March 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
E Sawicki, J H M Schellens, J H Beijnen, B Nuijen
OBJECTIVE: A novel tablet formulation containing an amorphous solid dispersion (ASD) of elacridar hydrochloride was developed with the purpose to resolve the drug's low solubility in water and to conduct proof-of-concept clinical studies. SIGNIFICANCE: Elacridar is highly demanded for proof-of-concept clinical trials that study the drug's suitability to boost brain penetration and bioavailability of numerous anticancer agents. Previously, clinical trials with elacridar were performed with a tablet containing elacridar hydrochloride...
December 23, 2016: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
Zoé Senta-Loys, Sandrine Bourgeois, Jean-Pierre Valour, Stéphanie Briançon, Hatem Fessi
In this work, the formation and stability of amorphous solid dispersions (SDs) as orodispersible films (ODF) were investigated using tetrabenazine (TBZ) as a poorly water soluble drug. The influence of polymer nature and pH-modifier incorporation to form and maintain SDs was investigated. TBZ-loaded ODF were formulated using 4 different polymers (HPMC, PVP, Pullulan, and HEC). Binary systems (BS) were obtained mixing the drug with different polymers, while ternary (TS) systems were also obtained by adding citric acid to solubilize TBZ in the mixture...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Krishnamoorthy Venkateskumar, Subramani Parasuraman, Raju Gunasunderi, Krishnan Sureshkumar, M Muralidhar Nayak, Syed Adnan Ali Shah, Khassen Khoo, Heng Wei Kai
The dissolution and subsequent oral bioavailability of acyclovir (ACY) is limited by its poor aqueous solubility. An attempt has been made in this work to provide mechanistic insights into the solubility enhancement and dissolution of ACY by using the water-soluble carrier polyethylene glycol 6000 (PEG6000). Solid dispersions with varying ratios of the drug (ACY) and carrier (PEG6000) were prepared and evaluated by phase solubility, in vitro release studies, kinetic analysis, in situ perfusion, and in vitro permeation studies...
December 21, 2016: AAPS PharmSciTech
W Grymonpré, G Verstraete, P J Van Bockstal, J Van Renterghem, P Rombouts, T De Beer, J P Remon, C Vervaet
As the number of applications for polymers in pharmaceutical development is increasing, there is need for fundamental understanding on how such compounds behave during tableting. This research is focussed on the tableting behaviour of amorphous polymers, their solid dispersions and the impact of hot-melt extrusion on the compaction properties of these materials. Soluplus, Kollidon VA 64 and Eudragit EPO were selected as amorphous polymers since these are widely studied carriers for solid dispersions, while Celecoxib was chosen as BCS class II model drug...
December 14, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Naoko Ohyagi, Keisuke Ueda, Kenjirou Higashi, Keiji Yamamoto, Kohsaku Kawakami, Kunikazu Moribe
Synergetic role of polymer blending on dissolution of amorphous solid dispersion was investigated. Dissolution rates of hypromellose (HPMC) and methacrylic acid copolymer (EUD) from the HPMC/EUD spray-dried sample (SPD) were improved compared to those of each single polymer SPD. Differential scanning calorimetry measurements revealed that the structural change in HPMC following heating was inhibited by co-spray-drying with EUD, suggesting an intermolecular interaction between the polymers. (13)C solid-state NMR spectroscopy detected the change induced in the hydroxyl group of HPMC by co-spray-drying with EUD...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Andrew D Gilley, Hale Cigdem Arca, Brittany L B Nichols, Laura I Mosquera-Giraldo, Lynne S Taylor, Kevin J Edgar, Andrew P Neilson
Quercetin (Q) is a bioactive flavonol with potential to benefit human health. However, Q bioavailability is relatively low, due to its poor aqueous solubility and extensive phase-II metabolism. Strategies to increase solution concentrations in the small intestinal lumen have the potential to substantially increase Q bioavailability, and by extension, efficacy. We aimed to achieve this by incorporating Q into amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs) with cellulose derivatives. Q was dispersed in matrices of cellulose esters including 6-carboxycellulose acetate butyrate (CCAB), hydroxypropylmethylcellulose acetate succinate (HPMCAS) and cellulose acetate suberate (CASub) to afford ASDs that provided stability against crystallization, and pH-triggered release...
February 10, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
N Q Shi, H Zhang, Y Zhang, B Feng, Z Q Li, X R Qi
OBJECTIVE: To prepare felodipine/copovidone solid dispersions, which were made based on different preparation technologies. Insoluble felodipine was selected as the model drug in this research. This drug belonged to Biopharmaceutics Classification System II (BCSII) with insoluble property and good permeability across intestinal mucosa simultaneously. A comparative study was carried out for further investigating their corresponding pharmaceutical properties. METHODS: Felodipine/copovidone solid dispersions were achieved by four methods including spray-drying method, microwave-induced fusion quench cooling method, freeze-drying method and co-precipitation method...
December 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
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