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Smart biomaterial

Zhifang Wang, Yipeng Ren, Ye Zhu, Lijing Hao, Yunhua Chen, Geng An, Hongkai Wu, Xuetao Shi, Chuanbin Mao
It is still a challenge to achieve both excellent mechanical strength and biocompatibility in hydrogels. Here we exploited two interactions to form a novel biocompatible, slicing-resistant and self-healing hydrogel. One is the molecular host-guest recognition between a host (isocyanatoethyl acrylate-modified β-cyclodextrin, β-CD-AOI2) and a guest (2-(2-(2-(2-(Adamantyl-1-oxy)ethoxy)ethoxy) ethoxy)ethanol acrylate, A-TEG-Ad) to form novel "three-arm" host-guest supramolecules (HGSMs). Another is the covalent bonding between HGSMs (achieved by UV-initiated polymerization) to form a strong network in the hydrogel...
May 18, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Arpan Biswas, Akhand Pratap Singh, Dipak Rana, Vinod K Aswal, Pralay Maiti
A polyurethane nanohybrid has been prepared through the in situ polymerization of an aliphatic diisocyanate, ester polyol and a chain extender in the presence of two-dimensional platelets. Polymerization within the platelet galleries helps to intercalate, generate diverse nanostructure and improve the nano to macro scale self-assembly, which leads to a significant enhancement in the toughness and thermal stability of the nanohybrid in comparison to pure polyurethane. The extensive interactions, the reason for property enhancement, between nanoplatelets and polymer chains are revealed through spectroscopic measurements and thermal studies...
May 17, 2018: Nanoscale
Jian Zhang, Jinpeng Jia, Jimin P Kim, Fei Yang, Xing Wang, Hong Shen, Sijia Xu, Jian Yang, Decheng Wu
We present a highly adaptable design platform for multi-responsive, multilayered composite nanoparticles (MC-NPs) with fine-tunable functional layers. A flexible disulfide-linked nanogel template is obtained by a controlled in-situ gelation method, enabling a high degree of control over each successive layer. From this template, we optimize "smart" biomaterials with biofunctional surfaces, tunable drug release kinetics, and magnetic or pH-responsive functionality, fabricated into MC-NPs for targeted drug release and periosteum-mimetic structures for controlled rhBMP-2 release towards bone tissue formation in-vivo ...
March 2018: Bioactive Materials
Annj Zamuner, Paola Brun, Michele Scorzeto, Giuseppe Sica, Ignazio Castagliuolo, Monica Dettin
Engineered scaffolds for bone tissue regeneration are designed to promote cell adhesion, growth, proliferation and differentiation. Recently, covalent and selective functionalization of glass and titanium surfaces with an adhesive peptide (HVP) mapped on [351-359] sequence of human Vitronectin allowed to selectively increase osteoblast attachment and adhesion strength in in vitro assays, and to promote osseointegration in in vivo studies. For the first time to our knowledge, in this study we investigated the resistance of adhesion sequences to proteolytic digestion: HVP was completely cleaved after 5 h...
September 2017: Bioactive Materials
Huizhang Guo, Martin Büchel, Xing Li, Aneliia Wäckerlin, Qing Chen, Ingo Burgert
In this article, a robust, air-stable, flexible and transparent copper (Cu) nanowire (NW) network coating on the surface of the wood is presented, based on a fusion welding of the Cu NWs by photonic curing. Thereby, an anisotropic conductivity can be achieved, which is originating from the structural organization of the wood body and its surface. Furthermore, the Cu NWs are protected from oxidation or wear by a commercially available paraffin wax-polyolefin, which also results in surface water repellency. The developed processing steps present a facile and flexible routine for applying Cu NW transparent conductors to abundant biomaterials and solve current manufacturing obstacles for corrosion-resistant circuits while keeping the natural appearance of the substrate...
May 2018: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
Sayeda Yasmin-Karim, Michele Moreau, Romy Mueller, Neeharika Sinha, Raymond Dabney, Allen Herman, Wilfred Ngwa
Over the years, many in vitro and in vivo studies have shown the antineoplastic effects of cannabinoids (CBDs), with reports advocating for investigations of combination therapy approaches that could better leverage these effects in clinical translation. This study explores the potential of combination approaches employing CBDs with radiotherapy (RT) or smart biomaterials toward enhancing therapeutic efficacy during treatment of pancreatic and lung cancers. In in vitro studies, clonogenic assay results showed greater effective tumor cell killing, when combining CBDs and RT...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
José Luis Calvo-Guirado, José Eduardo Maté-Sánchez de Val, María Luisa Ramos-Oltra, Carlos Pérez-Albacete Martínez, María Piedad Ramírez-Fernández, Manuel Maiquez-Gosálvez, Sergio A Gehrke, Manuel Fernández-Domínguez, Georgios E Romanos, Rafael Arcesio Delgado-Ruiz
Objectives : The objective of this study was to evaluate new bone formation derived from freshly crushed extracted teeth, grafted immediately in post-extraction sites in an animal model, compared with sites without graft filling, evaluated at 30 and 90 days. Material and Methods : The bilateral premolars P2, P3, P4 and the first mandibular molar were extracted atraumatically from six Beagle dogs. The clean, dry teeth were ground immediately using the Smart Dentin Grinder. The tooth particles obtained were subsequently sieved through a special sorting filter into two compartments; the upper container isolating particles over 1200 μm, the lower container isolated particles over 300 μm...
May 6, 2018: Dentistry journal
Molly E Ogle, Jack R Krieger, Liane E Tellier, Jennifer McFaline-Figueroa, Johnna S Temenoff, Edward A Botchwey
The immune response to biomaterial implants critically regulates functional outcomes such as vascularization, transplant integration/survival, and fibrosis. To create "immunologically smart" materials, the host-material response may be engineered to optimize the recruitment of pro-regenerative leukocyte subsets which mature into corresponding wound-healing macrophages. We have recently identified a unique feature of pro-regenerative Ly6Clow monocytes that is a higher expression of both the bioactive lipid receptor sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 3 (S1PR3) and the stromal derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) receptor CXCR4...
April 9, 2018: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Yaqin Liu, Tao Li, Hongshi Ma, Dong Zhai, Cuijun Deng, Jinwu Wang, Shangjun Zhuo, Jiang Chang, Chengtie Wu
For treatment of bone tumor and regeneration of bone defects, the biomaterials should possess the ability to kill tumor cells and regenerate bone defect simultaneously. To date, there are a few biomaterials possessing such dual functions, the disadvantages, however, such as long-term toxicity and degradation, restrict their application. Although bioactive elements have been incorporated into biomaterials to improve their osteogenic activity, there is no report about elements-induced functional scaffolds for photothermal tumor therapy...
April 12, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Muhammad Sohail, Mudassir, Muhammad Usman Minhas, Shahzeb Khan, Zahid Hussain, Marcel de Matas, Syed Ahmed Shah, Samiullah Khan, Mubeen Kousar, Kaleem Ullah
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an inflammatory disease of the colon that severely affects the quality of life of patients and usually responds well to anti-inflammatory agents for symptomatic relief; however, many patients need colectomy, a surgical procedure to remove whole or part of the colon. Though various types of pharmacological agents have been employed for the management of UC, the lack of effectiveness is usually predisposed to various reasons including lack of target-specific delivery of drugs and insufficient drug accumulation at the target site...
April 2, 2018: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
Kosuke Okeyoshi, Maiko K Okajima, Tatsuo Kaneko
 The geometric structures of soft materials can be controlled on the macro-scale using interfacial or mechanical instability, e.g., fingering patterns of viscous liquid and buckling patterns of gels during swelling/deswelling. These patterns can be used as smart materials for capturing/releasing and mass-transportation applications. Here we introduce the emergence of a uniaxially oriented membrane by drying an aqueous liquid-crystalline solution, composed of megamolecular supra-polysaccharides "sacran", from a limited space...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Michele Moreau, Sayeda Yasmin-Karim, Sijumon Kunjachan, Neeharika Sinha, Felix Gremse, Rajiv Kumar, Kwok Fan Chow, Wilfred Ngwa
In this study, we investigate the use of multifunctional smart radiotherapy biomaterials (SRBs) loaded with immunoadjuvants for boosting the abscopal effect of local radiotherapy (RT). SRBs were designed similar to currently used inert RT biomaterials, incorporating a biodegradable polymer with reservoir for loading payloads of the immunoadjuvant anti-CD40 monoclonal antibody. Lung (LLC1) tumors were generated both on the right and left flank of each mouse, with the left tumor representing metastasis. The mice were randomized and divided into eight cohorts with four cohorts receiving image-guided RT (IGRT) at 5 Gy and another similar four cohorts at 0 Gy...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
Roy Zamora-Sequeira, Inés Ardao, Ricardo Starbird, Carlos A García-González
Smart electroactive biomaterials are sought to allow the direct delivery of electrical, electrochemical and electromechanical signals to biological tissues. Specifically, poly-(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) is a polymer of special interest attending to its biocompatibility, tuneable electrical conductivity and processing versatility. In this work, nanostructured PEDOT was synthesized using starch/κ-carrageenan aerogels as templates. κ-carrageenan biopolymer acted as doping agent of the conductive polymer to enhance the biocompatibility and the electrical response...
June 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Rituparna Duarah, Yogendra P Singh, Prerak Gupta, Biman B Mandal, Niranjan Karak
Design and fabrication of a smart bio-based polymeric material with potent biocompatibility and high performance still remain a challenge in biomedical realm. In this context, potential smart suture was fabricated from starch modified hyperbranched polyurethane (HPU) nanocomposites with different weight percentages of reduced carbon dot for the first time. The desired mechanical (tensile strength: 32.14 MPa, elongation at break: 1576% and toughness 439.28 MJ m-3) and thermal (286 °C) attributes of the suture were achieved with 2 weight% of RCD in HPU matrix...
March 23, 2018: Biomedical Materials
Abdul-Hackam Ranneh, Hiroyasu Takemoto, Shunya Sakuma, Aziz Awaad, Takahiro Nomoto, Yuki Mochida, Makoto Matsui, Keishiro Tomoda, Mitsuru Naito, Nobuhiro Nishiyama
Polyzwitterions are employed as coating polymers for biomaterials to induce an antifouling property on the surface. Fine-tuning the betaine structure switches the antifouling property to be interactive with anionic tissue constituents in response to a tumorous pH gradient. The ethylenediamine moiety in the carboxybetaine enabled stepwise protonation and initiated the di-protonation process around tumorous pH (6.5). The net charge of the developed polyzwitterion (PGlu(DET-Car)) was thus neutral at pH 7.4 for antifouling, but was cationic at pH 6...
April 23, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Marianne E Prévôt, Senay Ustunel, Elda Hegmann
The development of appropriate materials that can make breakthroughs in tissue engineering has long been pursued by the scientific community. Several types of material have been long tested and re-designed for this purpose. At the same time, liquid crystals (LCs) have captivated the scientific community since their discovery in 1888 and soon after were thought to be, in combination with polymers, artificial muscles. Within the past decade liquid crystal elastomers (LCE) have been attracting increasing interest for their use as smart advanced materials for biological applications...
March 3, 2018: Materials
Jaicy Jacob, Namdev More, Kiran Kalia, Govinda Kapusetti
Tissues like bone and cartilage are remodeled dynamically for their functional requirements by signaling pathways. The signals are controlled by the cells and extracellular matrix and transmitted through an electrical and chemical synapse. Scaffold-based tissue engineering therapies largely disturb the natural signaling pathways, due to their rigidity towards signal conduction, despite their therapeutic advantages. Thus, there is a high need of smart biomaterials, which can conveniently generate and transfer the bioelectric signals analogous to native tissues for appropriate physiological functions...
2018: Inflammation and Regeneration
Gregor Fuhrmann, Rona Chandrawati, Paresh A Parmar, Timothy J Keane, Stephanie A Maynard, Sergio Bertazzo, Molly M Stevens
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have recently gained significant attention as important mediators of intercellular communication, potential drug carriers, and disease biomarkers. These natural cell-derived nanoparticles are postulated to be biocompatible, stable under physiological conditions, and to show reduced immunogenicity as compared to other synthetic nanoparticles. Although initial clinical trials are ongoing, the use of EVs for therapeutic applications may be limited due to undesired off-target activity and potential "dilution effects" upon systemic administration which may affect their ability to reach their target tissues...
April 2018: Advanced Materials
Ivo Safarik, Eva Baldikova, Jitka Prochazkova, Mirka Safarikova, Kristyna Pospiskova
The annual food and agricultural waste production reaches enormous numbers. Therefore, an increasing need to valorize produced wastes arises. Waste materials originating from the food and agricultural industry can be considered as functional materials with interesting properties and broad application potential. Moreover, using an appropriate magnetic modification, smart materials exhibiting a rapid response to an external magnetic field can be obtained. Such materials can be easily and selectively separated from desired environments...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Sibel Cetinel, Wei-Zheng Shen, Maral Aminpour, Prasanna Bhomkar, Feng Wang, Elham Rafie Borujeny, Kumakshi Sharma, Niloofar Nayebi, Carlo Montemagno
Biomining of valuable metals using a target specific approach promises increased purification yields and decreased cost. Target specificity can be implemented with proteins/peptides, the biological molecules, responsible from various structural and functional pathways in living organisms by virtue of their specific recognition abilities towards both organic and inorganic materials. Phage display libraries are used to identify peptide biomolecules capable of specifically recognizing and binding organic/inorganic materials of interest with high affinities...
February 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
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