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Smart biomaterial

Abdul-Hackam Ranneh, Hiroyasu Takemoto, Shunya Sakuma, Aziz Awaad, Takahiro Nomoto, Yuki Mochida, Makoto Matsui, Keishiro Tomoda, Mitsuru Naito, Nobuhiro Nishiyama
Polyzwitterions have been employed as coating polymers for biomaterials, in order to install antifouling property on the surface. Herein, we demonstrated that fine-tuning of the betaine structure builds a molecular program to switch the antifouling property to be interactive with anionic tissue constituents in response to tumorous pH gradient. Ethylenediamine moiety in the carboxybetaine enabled stepwise protonation and initiated the di-protonation process around tumorous pH 6.5; thus, the net charge of the developed polyzwitterion (PGlu(DET-Car)) was neutral at pH 7...
March 7, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Marianne E Prévôt, Senay Ustunel, Elda Hegmann
The development of appropriate materials that can make breakthroughs in tissue engineering has long been pursued by the scientific community. Several types of material have been long tested and re-designed for this purpose. At the same time, liquid crystals (LCs) have captivated the scientific community since their discovery in 1888 and soon after were thought to be, in combination with polymers, artificial muscles. Within the past decade liquid crystal elastomers (LCE) have been attracting increasing interest for their use as smart advanced materials for biological applications...
March 3, 2018: Materials
Jaicy Jacob, Namdev More, Kiran Kalia, Govinda Kapusetti
Tissues like bone and cartilage are remodeled dynamically for their functional requirements by signaling pathways. The signals are controlled by the cells and extracellular matrix and transmitted through an electrical and chemical synapse. Scaffold-based tissue engineering therapies largely disturb the natural signaling pathways, due to their rigidity towards signal conduction, despite their therapeutic advantages. Thus, there is a high need of smart biomaterials, which can conveniently generate and transfer the bioelectric signals analogous to native tissues for appropriate physiological functions...
2018: Inflammation and Regeneration
Gregor Fuhrmann, Rona Chandrawati, Paresh A Parmar, Timothy J Keane, Stephanie A Maynard, Sergio Bertazzo, Molly M Stevens
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) have recently gained significant attention as important mediators of intercellular communication, potential drug carriers, and disease biomarkers. These natural cell-derived nanoparticles are postulated to be biocompatible, stable under physiological conditions, and to show reduced immunogenicity as compared to other synthetic nanoparticles. Although initial clinical trials are ongoing, the use of EVs for therapeutic applications may be limited due to undesired off-target activity and potential "dilution effects" upon systemic administration which may affect their ability to reach their target tissues...
February 23, 2018: Advanced Materials
Ivo Safarik, Eva Baldikova, Jitka Prochazkova, Mirka Safarikova, Kristyna Pospiskova
The annual food and agricultural waste production reaches enormous numbers. Therefore, increasing need to valorize produced wastes arises. Waste materials originating from food and agricultural industry can be considered as functional materials with interesting properties and a broad application potential. Moreover, using an appropriate magnetic modification, smart materials exhibiting a rapid response to an external magnetic field can be obtained. Such materials can be easily and selectively separated from desired environments...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Sibel Cetinel, Wei-Zheng Shen, Maral Aminpour, Prasanna Bhomkar, Feng Wang, Elham Rafie Borujeny, Kumakshi Sharma, Niloofar Nayebi, Carlo Montemagno
Biomining of valuable metals using a target specific approach promises increased purification yields and decreased cost. Target specificity can be implemented with proteins/peptides, the biological molecules, responsible from various structural and functional pathways in living organisms by virtue of their specific recognition abilities towards both organic and inorganic materials. Phage display libraries are used to identify peptide biomolecules capable of specifically recognizing and binding organic/inorganic materials of interest with high affinities...
February 20, 2018: Scientific Reports
José Luis Calvo Guirado, Pilar Cegarra Del Pino, Lari Sapoznikov, Rafael Arcesio Delgado Ruíz, Manuel Fernández Dominguez, Sérgio Alexandre Gehrke
OBJECTIVES: To investigate freshly extracted dental particulate used to graft post-extraction sockets in dogs, comparing new bone formation at experimental and control sites. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Bilateral premolars P2, P3, P4 and first mandibular molars were extracted atraumatically from six American Fox Hound dogs. The teeth were ground immediately using a 'Smart Dentin Grinder.' The dentin particulate was sieved to ensure a grain size of 300-1200μm and immersed in an alcohol cleanser to dissolve organic debris and bacteria, followed by washing in sterile saline buffer solution...
February 15, 2018: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
Angelica Panico, Federica Paladini, Mauro Pollini
Skin injuries represent a health problem with consequences in terms of morbidity, disability and life quality. Numerous strategies have been developed for the treatment of wounds, including skin substitutes, biomembranes, scaffolds, and smart dressings. The excellent properties of fibroin can be exploited for the development of advanced wound dressing biomaterials, aiming at promoting the wound healing process. In this work, silk fibroin films modified through the addition of glucose were developed to enhance flexibility of medical device without affecting the biocompatibility, to promote wound healing and to improve the patient well-being...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
Werner E G Müller, Meik Neufurth, Shunfeng Wang, Maximilian Ackermann, Rafael Muñoz-Espí, Qingling Feng, Qiang Lu, Heinz C Schröder, Xiaohong Wang
Using femur explants from mice as an in vitro model, we investigated the effect of the physiological polymer, inorganic polyphosphate (polyP), on differentiation of the cells of the bone marrow in their natural microenvironment into the osteogenic and chondrogenic lineages. In the form of amorphous Ca-polyP nano/microparticles, polyP retains its function to act as both an intra- and extracellular metabolic fuel and a stimulus eliciting morphogenetic signals. The method for synthesis of the nano/microparticles with the polyanionic polyP also allowed the fabrication of hybrid particles with the bisphosphonate zoledronic acid, a drug used in therapy of bone metastases in cancer patients...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Jinke Chang, Jiankang He, Mao Mao, Wenxing Zhou, Qi Lei, Xiao Li, Dichen Li, Chee-Kai Chua, Xin Zhao
Additive manufacturing (AM) has drawn tremendous attention in various fields. In recent years, great efforts have been made to develop novel additive manufacturing processes such as micro-/nano-scale 3D printing, bioprinting, and 4D printing for the fabrication of complex 3D structures with high resolution, living components, and multimaterials. The development of advanced functional materials is important for the implementation of these novel additive manufacturing processes. Here, a state-of-the-art review on advanced material strategies for novel additive manufacturing processes is provided, mainly including conductive materials, biomaterials, and smart materials...
January 22, 2018: Materials
Julie Baillet, Valérie Desvergnes, Aladin Hamoud, Laurent Latxague, Philippe Barthélémy
Hybrid synthetic amphiphilic biomolecules are emerging as promising supramolecular materials for biomedical and technological applications. Herein, recent progress in the field of nucleic acid based lipids is highlighted with an emphasis on their molecular design, synthesis, supramolecular properties, physicochemical behaviors, and applications in the field of health science and technology. In the first section, the design and the study of nucleolipids are in focus and then the glyconucleolipid family is discussed...
January 17, 2018: Advanced Materials
Sharanya Sankar, Manohar Kakunuri, Sindhuja D E, Chandra S Sharma, Subha N Rath
Considering the complex hierarchical structure of bone, biomimicking the micro and nano level features should be an integral part of scaffold fabrication for successful bone regeneration. We aim to biomimic the micro- and nano-structure of bone and study the effect of physical cues on cell alignment, proliferation and differentiation. To achieve this, we have divided the scaffolds into groups: electrospun SU-8 nanofibers, electrospun SU-8 nanofibers with UV treatment and micropatterned (20 μm sized ridges and grooves) SU-8 nanofibers by photolithography with UV treatment...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Victor Balashov, Anton Efimov, Olga Agapova, Alexander Pogorelov, Igor Agapov, Konstantin Agladze
Building functional and robust scaffolds for engineered biological tissue requires a nanoscale mechanistic understanding of how cells use the scaffold for their growth and development. A vast majority of the scaffolds used for cardiac tissue engineering are based on polymer materials, the matrices of nanofibers. Attempts to load the polymer fibers of the scaffold with additional sophisticated features, such as electrical conductivity and controlled release of the growth factors or other biologically active molecules, as well as trying to match the mechanical features of the scaffold to those of the extracellular matrix, cannot be efficient without a detailed knowledge of how the cells are attached and strategically positioned with respect to the scaffold nanofibers at micro and nanolevel...
December 27, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
Jinah Jang, Ju Young Park, Ge Gao, Dong-Woo Cho
Building human tissues via 3D cell printing technology has received particular attention due to its process flexibility and versatility. This technology enables the recapitulation of unique features of human tissues and the all-in-one manufacturing process through the design of smart and advanced biomaterials and proper polymerization techniques. For the optimal engineering of tissues, a higher-order assembly of physiological components, including cells, biomaterials, and biomolecules, should meet the critical requirements for tissue morphogenesis and vascularization...
February 2018: Biomaterials
Chaoqun You, Hongshuai Wu, Mingxin Wang, Zhiguo Gao, Xiangyang Zhang, Baiwang Sun
Polymeric biomaterials that can be smartly disassembled through the cleavage of the covalent bonds in a controllable way upon an environmental stimulus such as pH change, redox, special enzymes, temperature, or ultrasound, as well as light irradiation, but are otherwise stable under normal physiological conditions have attracted great attention in recent decades. The 2-(4-aminophenyl) benzothiazole molecule (CJM-126), as one of the benzothiazole derivatives, has exhibited a synergistic effect with cisplatin (CDDP) and restrains the bioactivities of a series of human breast cancer cell lines...
January 5, 2018: Nanotechnology
Kyle J Lynch, Omar Skalli, Firouzeh Sabri
Fundamental understanding and characterization of neural response to substrate topography is essential in the development of next generation biomaterials for nerve repair. Aerogels are a new class of materials with great potential as a biomaterial. In this work, we examine the extension of neurites by PC12 cells plated on matrigel-coated and collagen-coated mesoporous aerogel surfaces. We have successfully established the methodology for adhesion and growth of PC12 cells on polyurea crosslinked silica aerogels...
2017: PloS One
Sami Saadi, Nazamid Saari, Abdulkarim Sabo Mohammed, Hasanah Mohd Ghazali, Farooq Anwar
Cell impurities are an emerging nucleating molecular barriers having the capability in disordering the metabolic chain reactions of proteolysis, glycolysis and lipolysis. Their massive effects induced by copolymer crystal growth in compaction with metal and mineral transients are extended as well as in damaging DNA and mRNA structure motif and other molecular assembly e.g. histones structure unites. Their polycrystalline packing modes, polydispersity and their tendency to surface and interface adhesion prompted us in structuring scaffold biomaterials enriched with biopeptides, layered by phospho-glycerides ester-forms...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Sita M Damaraju, Yueyang Shen, Ezinwa Elele, Boris Khusid, Ahmad Eshghinejad, Jiangyu Li, Michael Jaffe, Treena Livingston Arinzeh
The discovery of electric fields in biological tissues has led to efforts in developing technologies utilizing electrical stimulation for therapeutic applications. Native tissues, such as cartilage and bone, exhibit piezoelectric behavior, wherein electrical activity can be generated due to mechanical deformation. Yet, the use of piezoelectric materials have largely been unexplored as a potential strategy in tissue engineering, wherein a piezoelectric biomaterial acts as a scaffold to promote cell behavior and the formation of large tissues...
September 19, 2017: Biomaterials
Nima A Jalili, Manish K Jaiswal, Charles W Peak, Lauren M Cross, Akhilesh K Gaharwar
"Smart" hydrogels are an emerging class of biomaterials that respond to external stimuli and have been investigated for a range of biomedical applications, including therapeutic delivery and regenerative engineering. Stimuli-responsive nanogels constructed of thermoresponsive polymers such as poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylamide) (poly(NIPAM-co-AM)) and magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have been developed as "smart carriers" for on-demand delivery of therapeutic biomolecules via magneto-thermal activation...
October 19, 2017: Nanoscale
A Ballardini, M Montesi, S Panseri, A Vandini, P G Balboni, A Tampieri, S Sprio
The present work describes the synthesis and characterization of new apatite phases co-doped with gallium, magnesium and carbonate, exhibiting osteogenic and antibacterial ability. The apatites are synthesized at low temperature to retain nanocrystallinity and controlled doping with the various bioactive foreign ions, as assessed by physico-chemical and crystallographic analyses, reporting the achievement of single phases with reduced crystal ordering. The analysis of single and multi-doped apatites reports to different mechanisms acting in the incorporation of gallium and magnesium ions in the apatite structure...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
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