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bone metabolism

H Deng, Y Dai, H Lu, S-S Li, L Gao, D-L Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between bone metabolic indicators and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in healthy middle-aged men. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The bone metabolic indicators of 232 healthy middle-age men with NAFLD (NAFLD group) and 308 healthy controls without fatty liver (Control group) were measured, including non-collagenous osteocalcin, the procollagen type 1 N-terminal propeptide (P1NP), beta-C-terminal telopeptide of type I collagen (β-CTX)...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
M-D Yu, B-H Su, X-X Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To monitor morphological feature and related osteogenic and bone metabolic change during healing of tibia fracture in a rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tibia density and trabecular thickness were evaluated. Histopathology was examined by HE staining. Serous inflammatory factors IL-4, IL-6, TNF-α and metabolic biomarkers ALP, β-CTX, P1NP, were determined by ELISA. The expression of RUNX2, TGF-β1, VEGF-α, BMP-2, BMP-4, and BMP-7 in callus tissue were qualified by RT-PCR...
March 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Daiki Kumaki, Yukio Nakamura, Takako Suzuki, Hiroyuki Kato
Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) is an autoimmune inflammatory disorder. Glucocorticoids are often used for AOSD, which may induce complicating glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis (GIO). An anti-resorption drug, denosumab, has recently been approved for osteoporosis treatment in Japan. However, the drug's efficacy for GIO in AOSD is largely unknown. This retrospective, consecutive case series investigated two patients with GIO in AOSD to examine the effects of denosumab on bone metabolism. Bone turnover markers, and bone mineral density (BMD) of the lumbar 1-4 spine (L-BMD) and bilateral total hips (H-BMD) were followed for six months in a male patient and for twelve months in a female patient...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
José Luis Martínez-Rodríguez, Rosalinda Gutiérrez-Hernández, Claudia Araceli Reyes-Estrada, Angelica Judith Granados-López, Tatiana Arcos-Ortega, Jesús Adrián López
The metabolism of aromatic hydrocarbons by the organism forms products that cause cell death depending on the type of exposure. Benzene exposure has been linked to oxidative stress, hepatic damage, aplastic anemia and hematopoietic cancer as lymphoid and myeloid leukemia. However, there are not fast methods to evaluate chronically benzene exposure in human blood. The objective of this work was the evaluation of the correlation between oxidative damage with benzene exposure and the level of Cellular Plasma Membrane Stability (CPMS) in erythrocytes to use it as a future indicator to determine the grade of benzene intoxications...
March 22, 2018: Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
K Białek-Gosk, R Rubinsztajn, S Białek, M Paplińska-Goryca, R Krenke, R Chazan
Aging and menopause are closely related to hormonal and metabolic changes. Vitamin D is a crucial factor modulating several metabolic processes. The aim of this study was to evaluate biomarkers of bone metabolism in peri- and postmenopausal women with obstructive lung diseases. Sixty two female patients, 27 with asthma and 35 with COPD, aged over 45 years (median age 58 and 64 years, respectively) were enrolled into the study. The evaluation included lung function, bone mineral density, serum concentration of vitamin D, and bone metabolism markers...
March 22, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Jeffrey S Kruk, Sandra Bermeo, Kristen K Skarratt, Stephen J Fuller, Gustavo Duque
Background: Use of antidepressant medications has been linked to detrimental impacts on bone mineral density and osteoporosis; however, the cellular basis behind these observations remains poorly understood. The effect does not appear to be homogeneous across the whole class of drugs and may be linked to affinity for the serotonin transporter system. In this study, we hypothesized that antidepressants have a class- and dose-dependent effect on mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) differentiation, which may affect bone metabolism...
February 2018: Journal of Bone Metabolism
Vishesh Khanna, Senthil N Sambandam, Munis Ashraf, Varatharaj Mounasamy
Critical to the success of a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the anatomical alignment. This may appear as a challenge in an extra-articular deformity (EAD) that may be inherent in certain people or result from fracture malunion, congenital disorders, nutritional, metabolic and infective causes. This appraisal aimed at providing the reader with an up-todate overview of the research carried out on, and existent evidence of EAD correction while planning a TKA. We reviewed the current English literature on TKA in extra-articular knee deformities...
December 14, 2017: Orthopedic Reviews
Ksenija Velickovic, Hilda Anaid Lugo Leija, Ian Bloor, James Law, Harold Sacks, Michael Symonds, Virginie Sottile
Brown and beige adipocytes are characterised as expressing the unique mitochondrial uncoupling protein (UCP)1 for which the primary stimulus in vivo is cold exposure. The extent to which cold-induced UCP1 activation can also be achieved in vitro, and therefore perform a comparable cellular function, is unknown. We report an in vitro model to induce adipocyte browning using bone marrow (BM) derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), which relies on differentiation at 32 °C instead of 37 °C. The low temperature promoted browning in adipogenic cultures, with increased adipocyte differentiation and upregulation of adipogenic and thermogenic factors, especially UCP1...
March 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Tomas Matejek, Martina Navratilova, Lenka Zaloudkova, Jana Malakova, Jan Maly, Sylva Skalova, Vladimir Palicka
PURPOSE: The aim of this pilot study was to estimate physiological parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels and their relationship with bone metabolism parameters in otherwise healthy preterm newborns with birth weight 1000-1500 g. METHODS: PTH, 25(OH)D, S-Ca, S-P, and ALP were analysed from blood samples obtained from 20 preterm infants once a week up to the 36th gestational week. RESULTS: Of the total 134 examined serum samples for PTH levels, the estimated range was 1...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Juan J Díez, Susana Sangiao-Alvarellos, Fernando Cordido
Pharmacological treatment of growth hormone deficiency (GHD) in adults began in clinical practice more than 20 years ago. Since then, a great volume of experience has been accumulated on its effects on the symptoms and biochemical alterations that characterize this hormonal deficiency. The effects on body composition, muscle mass and strength, exercise capacity, glucose and lipid profile, bone metabolism, and quality of life have been fully demonstrated. The advance of knowledge has also taken place in the biological and molecular aspects of the action of this hormone in patients who have completed longitudinal growth...
March 17, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Ahmed Hassoon, Erin D Michos, Edgar R Miller, Zeni Crisp, Lawrence J Appel
The "Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension" (DASH) diet, rich in fiber and low-fat dairy, effectively lowers blood pressure. DASH's effect on calcitriol and other markers of bone-mineral metabolism is unknown. This secondary analysis of the DASH trial aimed to determine the effect of dietary patterns on blood concentrations of calcitriol, parathyroid hormone (PTH), ionized calcium, and urinary excretion of calcium and phosphorus. Outcomes were available in 334 participants in the trial. After a 3-week run-in on the control diet, participants were randomized to control, fruits and vegetables (F&V), or DASH diets...
March 17, 2018: Nutrients
L X Zhang, Y M Balani, Sophia Trinh, Henry M Kronenberg, Yiming Mu
Objective: To investigate the distinct effects of intermittent and continuous administration of parathyroid hormone (PTH) on bone and mesenchymal stem cell (MSC). Methods: Six weeks old mice with C57/BL6J background and SOX9-creERT/Td-tomato/Osteocalcin-GFP genotype were divided into 6 groups: intermittent administration and withdraw group (subcutaneous injection with PTH 500 μg·kg-1 ·d-1 ), continuous administration and withdraw group (subcutaneous implantation of PTH pump, 80 μg·kg-1 ·d-1, with a rate of 0...
March 13, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Geoffrey D Abrams, David Feldman, Marc R Safran
Vitamin D is known to be important for calcium homeostasis and bone metabolism. It also has important direct effects on skeletal muscle. Unlike authentic vitamins, which cannot be synthesized in the body, vitamin D is produced in the skin using sunlight. Through its nuclear receptor (ie, vitamin D receptor) located throughout the body, including skeletal muscle, vitamin D initiates genomic and nongenomic pathways regulating multiple actions, including myocyte proliferation and growth. In some studies, vitamin D supplementation has been shown to increase muscle strength, particularly in people who are vitamin D deficient...
March 20, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
Dong-Uk Yang, Muhammad Hanif Siddiqi, Sungeun Ahn, Sera Kang, Hae-Yong Noh, Deok-Chun Yang
Osteoporosis is a widespread musculoskeletal deformity that affects thousands of older people every year, leading to bone abnormalities and ultimately increasing the risk of bone fractures in both genders. It is considered a lethal disease causing death in thousands of people at the late stage of life. Dendropanax morbifera Leveille is a subtropical broad-leaved prevalent species in Korea. Extracts of the leaves, stems, roots, and seeds of D. morbifera have been used in traditional medicine for the treatment of numerous diseases such as diabetes, atherogenesis, skin disorders, and headaches...
March 20, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Laurence Vico, Alan Hargens
Space sojourns are challenging for life. The ability of the human body to adapt to these extreme conditions has been noted since the beginning of human space travel. Skeletal alterations that occur during spaceflight are now better understood owing to tools such as dual-energy X-ray densitometry and high-resolution peripheral quantitative CT, and murine models help researchers to understand cellular and matrix changes that occur in bone and that are difficult to measure in humans. However, questions remain with regard to bone adaptation and osteocyte fate, as well as to interactions of the skeleton with fluid shifts towards the head and with the vascular system...
March 21, 2018: Nature Reviews. Rheumatology
Matthijs Cysouw, Esther Bouman-Wammes, Otto Hoekstra, Alfons van den Eertwegh, Maartje Piet, Jeroen van Moorselaar, Ronald Boellaard, Max Dahele, Daniela Oprea-Lager
PURPOSE: To investigate the predictive value of [18 F]-fluoromethylcholine positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT)-derived parameters on progression-free survival (PFS) in oligometastatic prostate cancer patients treated with stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). METHODS AND MATERIALS: In [18 F]-fluoromethylcholine PET/CT scans of 40 consecutive patients with ≤4 metachronous metastases treated with SBRT we retrospectively measured the number of metastases, standardized uptake values (SUVmean , SUVmax , SUVpeak ), metabolically active tumor volume (MATV), and total lesion choline uptake...
February 13, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Keith G Avin, Julian A Vallejo, Neal X Chen, Kun Wang, Chad D Touchberry, Marco Brotto, Sarah L Dallas, Sharon M Moe, Michael J Wacker
Skeletal muscle dysfunction accompanies the clinical disorders of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hereditary hypophosphatemic rickets. In both disorders fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), a bone-derived hormone regulating phosphate and vitamin D metabolism, becomes chronically elevated. FGF23 has been shown to play a direct role in cardiac muscle dysfunction; however, it is unknown whether FGF23 signaling can also directly induce skeletal muscle dysfunction. We found expression of potential FGF23 receptors ( Fgfr1-4) and α-Klotho in muscles of two animal models (CD-1 and Cy/+ rat, a naturally occurring rat model of Chronic Kidney Disease-Mineral Bone Disorder) as well as C2 C12 myoblasts and myotubes...
March 20, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
Iwona Krela-Kaźmierczak, Aleksandra Szymczak-Tomczak, Liliana Łykowska-Szuber, Ewa Wysocka, Michał Michalak, Kamila Stawczyk-Eder, Katarzyna Waszak, Krzysztof Linke, Piotr Eder
BACKGROUND: Cytokines are mediators of inflammatory processes in the course of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and participate in the bone metabolism. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) initiates osteoclastogenesis by modulating the activity of soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (sRANKL) and osteoprotegerin. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) by densitometry and the concentration of interleukin 6, osteoprotegerin (OPG) and sRANKL protein (sRANKL) by ELISA in patients with IBD in relation to the control group; to assess the relationship between IL-6, OPG, sRANKL and BMD; and to assess the impact of disease duration and number hospitalization on BMD...
March 20, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Guo Liu, Shengwei Sun, Baoyan Guo, Benchun Miao, Zhen Luo, Zumeng Xia, Danyang Ying, Fei Liu, Bin Guo, Jian Tang, Yong Cao, Jianyin Miao
Casein phosphopeptides (CPPs) have been demonstrated to be calcium chelators. Unfortunately, few studies have been reported on the effects of CPPs on the mechanism of the uptake and absorption of Ca2+ and bone metabolism. In this study, a monomeric peptide fraction isolated by RP-HPLC (F6-1) that possessed high calcium transport capacity in Caco-2 cell monolayers was separated and characterized. The effects of F6-1 on the absorption mechanisms of Ca2+ in a Caco-2 monolayer model and bone metabolism in rats were investigated...
March 20, 2018: Food & Function
Sinem Civriz Bozdağ, Meltem Kurt Yüksel, Taner Demirer
Stem cells can be either totipotent, pluripotent, multipotent or unipotent. Totipotent cells have the capability to produce all cell types of the developing organism, including both embryonic and extraembryonic tissues. The Hematopoietic Stem Cells (HSC) are the first defined adult stem cells (ASC) that give rise to all blood cells and immune system. Use of HSCs for treatment of hematologic malignancies, which is also called bone marrow (BM) transplantation or peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) transplantation is the pioneer of cellular therapy and translational research...
March 20, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
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