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N P Shah, S Nayee, M Pazianas, C Sproat
There is evidence, although limited, for beneficial effects of bisphophonates (BPs) across multiple dental specialties. Within implant dentistry BP coatings have been shown to significantly increase pull out forces and bone density in animal models, and significantly increase implant stability whilst reducing marginal bone loss in humans. Adjunctive topical and systemic application of BPs during conventional periodontal treatment have shown significant improvements in probing depth and clinical attachment level in various forms of periodontal disease...
May 12, 2017: British Dental Journal
Muhammad Khalid, Khaleequz Zaman, Samina Khaleeq, Muhammad Tahir, Muhammad Assad Javed
We report a case of intra-osseous meningioma of the skull in a 45 year old lady secondary to trauma, preoperatively suspecting it to be chronic osteomylitis. According to literature search only one case intra-osseous meningioma has been reported. Intra-osseous meningioma secondary to trauma has not been reported before.
July 2015: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Hari Ram, Atin Singhai, Surender Kumar, Ragini Singh
Metastatic tumours to oral cavity from distant sites are rarely seen. Bones are frequently involved as compared to soft tissues. Clinical presentation may vary according to site and size of metastatic tumour. We present a case of carcinoma of breast in a 50-year-old woman, metastasising to mandibular ramus, condyle and surrounding soft tissue structure presenting as osteomylitis of condyle.
January 20, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
Wasim Ahmad, Ishtiaq Ali Khan, Salma Ghaffar, Farhan Khasham Al-Swailmi, Ihsanullah Khan
BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot is one of the common complications of diabetes mellitus. Many risk factors are involved in its causation. This study was conducted to determine risk factors responsible for foot ulcer in diabetic patients. METHODS: A total of 196 consecutive patients with diabetic foot were included in the study. Detailed history, clinical findings and investigations were recorded. Lesions were graded according to Wagner's classification, and appropriate medical and/or surgical treatment was carried out...
January 2013: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
Okocha Emmanuelchide, Odenigbo Charle, Okonkwo Uchenna
INTRODUCTION: Sickle cell disease (SCD) has a wide range of clinical presentation. We evaluated hematological parameters, which are widely evaluable and assessable, as indices of clinical outcome in SCD. These parameters, although largely established as indices of clinical outcome in other SCD populations, have not been widely evaluated in African patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty six consecutive stable SCD patients who presented in the sickle cell clinic of a teaching hospital were studied retrospectively using a questionnaire...
September 2011: Indian Journal of Medical Sciences
Khaled Menif, Asma Bouziri, Aida Borgi, Ammar Khaldi, Lilia Ben Hassine, Nejla Ben Jaballah
We report a case of community-acquired meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) preseptal cellulitis complicated by zygomatic osteomyelitis, cavernous sinus thrombosis, meningitis, and necroziting pneumonia in a previously healthy two and half month old girl. This case exemplifies an aggressive and disseminated CA-MRSA infection with deep venous thrombosis in an infant without predisposing risk factors. The literature is reviewed and recommendations for management are provided.
2011: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology
K Kassi, K Kouame, W Allen, L A Kouassi, W Ance, J M Kanga
Buruli Ulcer, a common tropical disease, is endemic in West Africa in particular in Cote d'Ivoire, where it represents the second mycobacterial disease after Tuberculosis. The late diagnosis and treatment as well as, the lack of surveillance, lead to large skin ulcerations, local or multifocal osteomylitis and some time it may lead to neoplasia which contribute to worse the prognosis of the patient. We presented a case report in a girl of 16 years old, who died from an aggressive squamous cell carcinoma of the upper limb secondary to Buruli Ulcer...
January 2010: Bacteriologia, Virusologia, Parazitologia, Epidemiologia
Sujit K Tripathy, Ramesh K Sen, Anurag Sharma, Tajir Tamuk
Tubercular osteomylitis of scapula is extremely rare. The isolated involvement of this flat bone without any primary focus confuses the surgeon with other pathology and as a result there is always delay in diagnosis. This article discusses about an isolated multicystic tubercular lesion of scapula which remained untreated for about two years as the primary physician biased with the history of trauma and suspected it to be a post-traumatic hematoma. MRI picture was deceptive. Finally, diagnosis was established by fine needle aspiration which showed typical epitheloid granuloma on histology...
2010: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Suzan M Attar, Emad A Koshak
OBJECTIVE: To explore the associated diseases with positive anti-double stranded (ds) DNA other than systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to determine an association if any, between its level in non-SLE causes. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of all patients with positive anti-dsDNA assay (more than 200 IU/ml) tested for any underlying etiology from January to December 2007 at King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. RESULTS: Two hundred and twelve patients with anti-dsDNA antibody testing were evaluated...
July 2010: Saudi Medical Journal
Andreas Obermeier, Florian Dominik Matl, Wolfgang Friess, Axel Stemberger
Magnetic field therapy is an established technique in the treatment of pseudarthrosis. In cases of osteomylitis, palliation is also observed. This study focuses on the impact of different electric and electromagnetic fields on the growth of Staphylococcus aureus by in vitro technologies. Cultures of Staphylococcus aureus in fluid and gel-like medium were exposed to a low-frequency electromagnetic field, an electromagnetic field combined with an additional electric field, a sinusoidal electric field and a static electric field...
May 2009: Bioelectromagnetics
Freih Odeh Abu Hassan
We present a case of a retained toothpick causing pseudotumor of the first metatarsal in a young female who was referred as a case of painless swelling in the dorsolateral aspect of the right foot to exclude a malignant tumor. Plain radiograph did show an osteolytic lesion in the head and neck of the first metatarsal. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a toothpick inside the first metatarsal head. Surgical exploration revealed a 4 cm toothpick embedded inside the bone surrounded by granulation tissue. We could find seven cases of retained foreign bodies causing osteolytic lesions in the metatarsals of the foot with one case of osteomylitis in an adult due to a retained small piece of toothpick...
2008: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Sara Giusiani, Angelica Vitiello, Davide Caramella, Franco Bertoni, Gino Fornaciari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2006: Medicina Nei Secoli
Iwona Wilk, Alicja Ekiel, Piotr Kłuciński, Jolanta Krzysztoń-Russjan, Gayane Martirosian
Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are often responsible for cases of chronic ostitis and osteomyelitis, especially in patients with orthopedic prosthesis/implants. The aim of this study was to characterize CoNS isolated from ambulatory patients with chronic ostitis/osteomyelitis and to compare them by PFGE (pulsed-field gel electrophoresis). Out of 263 bacterial strains isolated from wounds/sinuses of patients with chronic ostitis/osteomylitis, 41 were identified as CoNS. Twenty methicillin-resistant strains were selected for this study...
2006: Polish Journal of Microbiology
Andrew Kirby, Ibrahim Hassan, James Burnie
OBJECTIVES: To produce recommendations for the management of Aspergillus osteomyelitis and joint infections. METHODS: Published literature was surveyed to identify both case reports of Aspergillus osteomyelitis and joint infections and anti-fungal pharmacology of anti-fungal agents. Included in the pharmacological review was an assessment of new and investigational anti-fungals to consider their potential role in the management of this infection. RESULTS: Successful treatments, identified from the cases reviewed, were based on combination anti-fungal therapy with one agent having good bone penetration and one having reliable anti-Aspergillus activity...
June 2006: Journal of Infection
Hani El-Mowafi, Barakat Elalfi, Khaled Wasfi
Managing a segmental skeletal defect is a challenge, even more so if the combination of local infection with bone defect exacerbates the problem and provides an even more negative prognosis. Several techniques have been tried, among which skeletal allografts, autologous cortical or cancellous bone graft and vascularised bone graft, each with its limitation and success. In this study, we report our results with the Ilizarov method of bone transport to overcome bone defects of forearm bones due to infection. This series included 16 patients with bone defects of forearm bones, following either debridement of osteomylitis or infected nonunion...
April 2005: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1965: Journal of the American Podiatry Association
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1965: HNO
Mustafa Imamoğlu, Haluk Sarihan, Ahmet Sari, Ali Ahmetoğlu
PURPOSE: In this study, 12 patients with acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC) who underwent diagnosis and treatment at the authors' clinic were discussed. METHODS: Nine of these patients were boys, and 3 were girls. The mean age was 7.8 years. Almost all had fever, abdominal pain, and tenderness. Other manifestations included vomiting (75%) and jaundice (41%). Results of laboratory tests showed leucocytosis (83%) and abnormal liver function (66%). Three patients (25%) had previous operations (2 perforated appendicitis and 1 osteomylitis), and 4 (33%) had a previous blunt abdominal trauma...
January 2002: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Y Gov, A Bitler, G Dell'Acqua, J V Torres, N Balaban
Staphylococcus aureus are gram-positive bacteria that can cause serious diseases in humans and animals. S. aureus infections can be prevented by the heptapeptide RNAIII inhibiting peptide (RIP). RIP was originally isolated from culture supernatants of coagulase negative staphylococci presumed to be S. xylosus. The sequence of RIP was identified as YSPXTNF. Native RIP and its synthetic analogue YSPWTNF have been shown to be effective inhibitors of diseases caused by various strains of S. aureus, including, cellulitis, keratitis, septic arthritis, osteomylitis and mastitis...
October 2001: Peptides
N A Ebraheim, H Elgafy, F F Sabry, M Freih, I S Abou-Chakra
The charts and radiographs of 99 patients with 106 intraarticular fractures of the calcaneus were retrospectively reviewed. There were 75 men and 24 women. The average age was forty-two (range, 17 to 81). Fifty-seven of the fractures were left and 49 were right. The mechanism of injury was a fall from a height in 69 patients and motor vehicle accident in 30 patients. According to Sanders classification, seventy-one cases (67%) had type II fractures, 25 cases (23.6%) had type III, and ten cases (9.4%) had type IV...
February 2000: Foot & Ankle International
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