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Pelvic adhesions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720378/a-novel-technique-carbon-dioxide-gas-assisted-total-peritonectomy-diaphragm-and-intestinal-meso-stripping-in-open-surgery-for-advanced-ovarian-cancer-%C3%A3-ukurova-technique
#1
Ghanim Khatib, Ahmet Baris Guzel, Umran Kucukgoz Gulec, Mehmet Ali Vardar
OBJECTIVE: Most of the ovarian cancers are diagnosed at advanced stages. As peritoneal carcinomatosis increases, especially when it extends to the diaphragm and intestinal mesos, probability of obtaining complete cytoreduction is reduced. Complete cytoreduction (residue zero: R0) is one of the main factors affecting survival [1-3]. Here we present a novel technique of stripping the peritoneal surfaces as a part of cytoreductive surgery in such cases. METHODS: A 55year-old woman diagnosed with peritoneal carcinomatosis was considered appropriate for primary cytoreduction after assessment of her thorax-abdominopelvic tomography, which revealed resectable intra-abdominal disease...
July 15, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709484/concomitant-female-genital-tuberculosis-and-endometriosis
#2
Jai Bhagwan Sharma, Manu Goyal, Sunesh Kumar, Kallol Kumar Roy, Eshani Sharma, Raksha Arora
AIMS: To demonstrate an association between female genital tuberculosis (FGTB) and endometriosis. METHODS: A total of 16 women who underwent laparoscopy (12 cases) or laparotomy (4 cases) and were found to have female genital tuberculosis and endometriosis were enrolled in this retrospective study. RESULTS: The mean age and parity were 28.2 years and 0.2, respectively. Past history of tuberculosis was present in 75% of the women (pulmonary in 50%)...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671286/structural-characterization-of-the-nap-the-major-adhesion-complex-of-the-human-pathogen-mycoplasma-genitalium
#3
Margot P Scheffer, Luis Gonzalez-Gonzalez, Anja Seybert, Mercè Ratera, Michael Kunz, José M Valpuesta, Ignacio Fita, Enrique Querol, Jaume Piñol, Jaime Martín-Benito, Achilleas S Frangakis
Mycoplasma genitalium, the causative agent of non-gonococcal urethritis and pelvic inflammatory disease in humans, is a small eubacterium that lacks a peptidoglycan cell wall. On the surface of its plasma membrane is the major surface adhesion complex, known as NAP, that is essential for adhesion and gliding motility of the organism. Here, we have performed cryo-electron tomography of intact cells and detergent permeabilized M. genitalium cell aggregates, providing sub-tomogram averages of free and cell-attached NAPs respectively, revealing a tetrameric complex with two-fold rotational (C2) symmetry...
July 3, 2017: Molecular Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647574/a-rare-uterine-malformation-asymmetric-septate-uterus
#4
Alper Biler, Ali Akdemir, Nuri Peker, Fatih Sendag
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate a step by step surgical hysteroscopy technique in a patient with asymmetric uterine septum and transverse uterine septum that was not previously described in the literature. DESIGN: Resection of a asymmetric uterine septum by laparoscopy and ultrasound-guided hysteroscopy (Canadian Task Force Classification III). The video was assumed exempt from official review by our institutional review board. SETTING: A septate uterus is defined as the uterus in which the uterine cavity is longitudinally divided by the septum (1)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642025/total-laparoscopic-resection-surgery-for-a-cervical-carcinoma-that%C3%A2-recurred-in-the-pelvic-sidewall-after-radical-hysterectomy-and%C3%A2-adjuvant-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy
#5
Hiroyuki Kanao, Yoichi Aoki, Kazuyoshi Kato, Maki Matoda, Sanshiro Okamoto, Hidetaka Nomura, Kohei Omatsu, Kuniko Utsugi, Nobuhiro Takeshima
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To show total laparoscopic resection of a cervical carcinoma that recurred at the left pelvic sidewall after radical hysterectomy and concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). DESIGN: A step-by-step demonstration of the technique in a surgical video, including the strategy for achieving complete surgical resection with negative margins (R0 resection) (Canadian Task Force Classification III). SETTING: For high-risk cervical carcinoma, radical hysterectomy and adjuvant CCRT is the standard treatment, but even this multimodal therapy cannot prevent recurrence...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618328/preparation-of-a-polylactic-acid-knitting-mesh-for-pelvic-floor-repair-and-in-vivo-evaluation
#6
Yao Lu, Shengnan Dong, Peihua Zhang, Xin Liu, Xungai Wang
The health warning report by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2011 has drawn attention to the need for developing a suitable bio-scaffold for repairing female pelvic from disease. This work prepared a pure polylactic acid knitting mesh (PPA) and compared its structure and properties with a commercial mesh - Surgimesh® Prolapse (SP; Aspide Medical, France). Mechanical tests showed that the PPA mesh was stronger than SP with higher breaking strength and bursting strength. The in vivo property of PPA was evaluated with an animal model...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603475/oophoropexy-for-ovarian-torsion-a-new-easier-technique
#7
Tamer A Hosny
BACKGROUND: Oophoropexy for ovarian torsion is easy to be done by many tools either suturing to the lateral pelvic wall, plication of the ovarian ligament or even fixation to the back of the uterus, but it is little bit difficult to do it for pregnant women with less manipulation. OBJECTIVE: We propose that using trocar site closure needle can be easier and faster technique to do this. To assess the feasibility of using the trocar site closure needle to do oophoropexy in ovarian torsion and its possible applicability...
2017: Gynecological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590310/medical-management-of-endometriosis
#8
Saima Rafique, Alan H Decherney
Endometriosis is a chronic medical condition that affects around 6% to 10% of reproductive age women. Pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, and infertility are the most common presenting symptoms. The disease is characterized by estrogen-dependent growth of the endometrial glands and stroma outside the endometrial cavity. The diagnosis requires a high degree of suspicion and can be only confirmed on histopathology. Treatment includes medical and surgical options. Both hormonal and nonhormonal medical options are available and are tried at first with a goal to control pain and stop the growth of the endometriotic lesions...
June 5, 2017: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557204/anti-adhesive-effects-of-a-newly-developed-two-layered-gelatin-sheet-in-dogs
#9
Hiroko Torii, Toshitaka Takagi, Mamoru Urabe, Hiroyuki Tsujimoto, Yuki Ozamoto, Hiroe Miyamoto, Yoshihito Ikada, Akeo Hagiwara
AIM: Adhesion after pelvic surgery causes infertility, ectopic pregnancy, and ileus or abdominal pain. The materials currently available for clinical use are insufficient. The purpose of this study was to develop an anti-adhesive material that overcomes the limitations of conventional anti-adhesive agents. METHODS: The adhesion prevention effects of three methods - a two-layered sheet composed of gelatin film and gelatin sponge, Seprafilm and INTERCEED - were evaluated in 37 dogs...
May 29, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543598/assessment-of-fallopian-tube-fimbria-patency-with-4-dimensional-hysterosalpingo-contrast-sonography-in-infertile-women
#10
Weiqun Wang, Qiulan Zhou, Yafei Gong, Ying Li, Yinying Huang, Zhiyi Chen
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the performance of 4-dimensional (4D) hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography (HyCoSy) for assessing fallopian tube fimbria patency in infertile women. METHODS: Seventy-seven infertile female patients with obstruction at the tubal fimbria or partial obstruction with pelvic adhesions were included. All of the patients underwent 4D HyCoSy enhanced by dynamic observation after a flush of normal saline and were followed with laparoscopic chromopertubation using methylene blue within 6 months...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539290/-application-of-robotic-assisted-versus-conventional-laparoscopy-in-ureteral-reimplantation-with-psoas-hitch
#11
Dong Li, Bao-Jun Wang, Xu Zhang, Wei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of robotic-assisted laparoscopic and conventional laparoscopic ureteral reimplantation with psoas hitch. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 10 patients undergoing robotic-assisted laparoscopic ureteral reimplantation with psoas hitch and 6 undergoing conventional laparoscopic ureteral reimplantation between June, 2013 and December, 2014 in the General Hospital of PLA. The indications, surgical techniques and outcomes of the two procedures were compared...
May 20, 2017: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489790/ca125-modified-by-plt-and-nlr-improves-the-predictive-accuracy-of-adenomyosis-derived-pelvic-dense-adhesion
#12
Caixia Jiang, Chao Liu, Jing Guo, Li Chen, Ning Luo, Xiaoyan Qu, Weihong Yang, Qing Ren, Zhongping Cheng
To explore the value of serum levels of CA125, platelet count (PLT), neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and modified CA125 markers CA125a and CA125b in predicting pelvic dense adhesion (PDA) associated with adenomyosis, CA125a = lg(CA125 × PLT × 10), CA125b = lg(CA125 × NLR).This retrospective study included 304 patients who underwent surgery for adenomyosis. Correlations of serum levels of CA125, PLT, NLR, and modified CA125 markers with adenomyosis-derived PDA were analyzed by Logistic regression...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483506/laparoscopic-repair-of-a-symptomatic-post-cesarean%C3%A2-section-isthmocele-a-video-case-report
#13
Giorgio Aimi, Laura Buggio, Nicola Berlanda, Paolo Vercellini
OBJECTIVE: To describe our technique for laparoscopic management of post-cesarean section isthmocele. DESIGN: Surgical video article. Local Institutional Review Board approval for the video reproduction has been obtained. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A 36-year-old patient with a history of two previous cesarean deliveries. She complained of persistent postmenstrual spotting and chronic pelvic pain. At transvaginal ultrasound examination, a cesarean scar defect of 20...
June 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437003/high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-for-the-treatment-of-adenomyosis-selection-criteria-efficacy-safety-and-fertility
#14
REVIEW
Lian Zhang, Fangwen Rao, Raymond Setzen
Adenomyosis is a disorder of uterus in which endometrial glands and stroma are present within the uterine musculature. The main clinical manifestations are dysmenorrhea and menorrhagia. Adenomyosis has a great impact on both the quality of life and fertility of women. The treatment of adenomyosis remains an immense challenge. Relevant articles were searched through MEDLINE and PubMed between 2000 and March 2017. The search terms of adenomyosis, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of adenomyosis, high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), ultrasound-guided HIFU and MRgFUS were used...
June 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422909/multi-institutional-prospective-observational-study-comparing-the-gastrografin-challenge-versus-standard-treatment-in-adhesive-small-bowel-obstruction
#15
Martin D Zielinski, Nadeem N Haddad, Daniel C Cullinane, Kenji Inaba, Dante D Yeh, Salina Wydo, David Turay, Andrea Pakula, Therese M Duane, Jill Watras, Kenneth A Widom, John Cull, Carlos J Rodriguez, Eric A Toschlog, Valerie G Sams, Joshua P Hazelton, John Christopher Graybill, Ruby Skinner, Ji-Ming Yune
INTRODUCTION: Existing trials studying the use of Gastrografin for management of adhesive small bowel obstruction (SBO) are limited by methodological flaws and small sample sizes. We compared institutional protocols with and without Gastrografin (GG), hypothesizing that a SBO management protocol utilizing GG is associated with lesser rates of exploration, shorter length of stay, and fewer complications. METHODS: A multi-institutional, prospective, observational study was performed on patients appropriate for GG with adhesive SBO...
July 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409048/laparoscopic-reduction-and-closure-of-an-internal-hernia-secondary-to-gynecologic-surgery
#16
Takashi Sakamoto, Alan Kawarai Lefor
Internal hernia is a rare cause of bowel obstruction which often requires emergent surgery. In general, the preoperative diagnosis of internal hernia is difficult. The pelvic cavity has various spaces with the potential to result in a hernia, especially in females. In this report, we describe a patient with an internal hernia secondary to previous gynecologic surgery. A 49-year-old woman presented with acute abdominal pain and a history of previous right oophorectomy for a benign ovarian cyst. Computed tomography scan of the abdomen showed obstruction with strangulation and emergent laparoscopic exploration was performed...
2017: Case Reports in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399593/the-effect-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-on-fertility-in-experimental-retrocervical-endometriosis
#17
Jaqueline Pedroso de Abreu, Carmen Lúcia Kuniyoshi Rebelatto, Carolina Antunes Savari, Luiz Guilherme Achcar Capriglione, Lye Miyague, Lucia de Noronha, Vivian Ferreira do Amaral
Purpose To evaluate the effect of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on fertility in experimental retrocervical endometriosis. Methods A total of 27 New Zealand rabbits were divided into three groups: endometriosis, in which endometrial implants were created; mesenchymal, in which MSCs were applied in addition to the creation of endometrial implants; and control, the group without endometriosis. Fisher's exact test was performed to compare the dichotomous qualitative variables among the groups. The quantitative variables were compared by the nonparametric Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394517/-technical-features-of-intestinal-ureteroplasty-art-6-simultaneous-ureteral-and-bladder-substitution
#18
B K Komyakov, A I Novikov, V A Ochelenko, B G Guliev, T Kh Al-Attar, M V Onoshko
AIM: To present the results and technical features of different methods of simultaneous ileal ureteral and bladder substitution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2001 to 2016, 154 patients (mean age 52+/-9.2 years) underwent ileal and appendicular ureteroplasty. Of them, 70 (45.4%) were men and 84 (54.6%) women. Among them, 49 (31.8%) patients underwent ureteroplasty concurrently with orthotopic ileocystoplasty. The Studers ileal-ureter cystoplasty and Y-shaped bladder and ureteral reconstruction were performed in 38 (77...
April 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391053/biodegradable-and-injectable-thermoreversible-xyloglucan-based-hydrogel-for-prevention-of-postoperative-adhesion
#19
Ershuai Zhang, Junjie Li, Yuhang Zhou, Pengcheng Che, Bohua Ren, Zhihui Qin, Litao Ma, Jing Cui, Hong Sun, Fanglian Yao
Peritoneal adhesion is very common after abdominal and pelvic surgery, which leads to a variety of severe complications. Although numerous pharmacological treatments and barrier-based devices have been investigated to minimize or prevent postoperative adhesion, the clinical efficacy is not very encouraging. In this work, a biodegradable and thermoreversible galactose modified xyloglucan (mXG) hydrogel was developed and the efficacy of mXG hydrogel in preventing postoperative peritoneal adhesion was investigated...
June 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356774/robotic-assisted-hysterectomy-patient-selection-and-perspectives
#20
Noam Smorgick
Minimally invasive hysterectomy via the laparoscopic or vaginal approach is beneficial to patients when compared with laparotomy, but has not been offered in the past to all women because of the technical difficulties and the long learning curve required for laparoscopic hysterectomy. Robotic-assisted hysterectomy for benign indications may allow for a shorter learning curve but does not offer clear advantages over conventional laparoscopic hysterectomy in terms of surgical outcomes. In addition, robotic hysterectomy is invariably associated with increased costs...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
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