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Pelvic adhesions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203370/abdominal-adhesions-a-practical-review-of-an-often-overlooked-entity
#1
REVIEW
N Tabibian, E Swehli, A Boyd, A Umbreen, J H Tabibian
Formation of intra-abdominal adhesions is a common consequence of abdomino-pelvic surgery, radiation therapy, and inflammatory processes. In a small but clinically significant proportion of patients, adhesive disease may develop, wherein adhesions lead to a variety of chronic symptoms such as abdominal distension, pain, nausea, and abnormal bowel movement pattern which can be daily, intermittent, or episodic. Due to the chronic and troublesome nature of these symptoms, adhesive disease may be life-altering in many patients, particularly when not recognized and appropriately addressed, as is the case not infrequently...
March 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187094/extraperitoneal-radical-trachelectomy-with-pelvic-lymphadenectomy-a-novel-fertility-preserving-option-for-early-stage-cervical-cancer-patients
#2
Seiji Mabuchi, Tadashi Kimura
OBJECTIVE: Radical trachelectomy combined with pelvic lymphadenectomy has been used to treat early stage cervical cancer patients who wish to preserve their fertility. Although vaginal, abdominal, laparoscopic, and robotic approaches have been used during this procedure, all of these approaches cause peritoneal damage, which could result in periadnexal adhesion. The aim of the present study was to introduce and discuss a novel fertility-preserving option, extraperitoneal radical trachelectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy...
March 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186620/an-update-on-the-diagnosis-surgical-management-and-fertility-outcomes-for-women-with-endometrioma
#3
Ryan Cranney, George Condous, Shannon Reid
Endometriosis is estimated to affect up to 50% of infertile women, and severity of endometriosis stage appears to correlate with reduced fertility. Ovarian endometrioma are found in up to 44% of women with endometriosis, and are significantly associated with the presence of pelvic deep infiltrating endometriosis, ovarian adhesions, and pouch of Douglas obliteration. Through the use of MEDLINE and PubMed databases, we conducted a literature review of all available research related to the diagnosis, surgical management and fertility outcomes for women with endometrioma...
February 10, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160521/urologic-injuries-during-gynecologic-surgery-a-10-year-review
#4
Sikarn Satitniramai, Jittima Manonai
AIMS: The study was conducted to evaluate the incidence of urologic injuries during gynecologic surgery, study the management and outcome of such injuries, and identify risk factors that may be associated with urologic injuries. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted in patients who underwent gynecologic surgery from 2005 to 2014 in the university hospital. The study cases referred to patients who had urologic injury during gynecologic surgery and the control cases referred to patients who had gynecologic surgery matching the same period, type of procedure, and etiological disease leading to surgery...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153482/climbing-upstream-multi-scale-structural-characterization-and-underwater-adhesion-of-the-pulin-river-loach-sinogastromyzon-puliensis
#5
Yung-Chieh Chuang, Haw-Kai Chang, Guan-Lin Liu, Po-Yu Chen
Hillstream fishes live in the current with high flow velocity and strong water impact. To survive in such environments, they evolved various adhesive apparatus and attachment mechanisms. In this study, we investigated the Pulin river loach (Sinogatromyzon puliensis) known for its ability to climb vertically against rapid torrent. The whole body forms a suction system, consisting of lips, overlapped pectoral and fused pelvic fins. The hierarchical structure of lips and fins was characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy...
January 23, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152493/huge-rectovesical-fistula-due-to-long-term-retention-of-a-rectal-foreign-body-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Yoshiyuki Kiyasu, Nobuyasu Kano
INTRODUCTION: Most patients with foreign bodies in their rectums present to medical institutions within a few days. In this report, we describe a foreign body in the rectum in situ for 5 months that resulted in a huge rectovesical fistula 4cm in diameter, requiring emergency laparotomy. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 59-year-old man, who had undergone rectal foreign body extraction via the anal canal without any complications 7 years previously, presented with abdominal pain and diarrhea...
January 18, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150322/three-dimensional-hycosy-with-perfluoropropane-albumin-microspheres-as-contrast-agents-and-normal-saline-injections-into-the-pelvic-cavity-for-morphological-assessment-of-the-fallopian-tube-in-infertile-women
#7
Qingqing Hong, Renfei Cai, Qiuju Chen, Shaozhen Zhang, Ai Ai, Yonglun Fu, Yanping Kuang
OBJECTIVES: To apply the three-dimensional (3D) hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography (HyCoSy) with perfluoropropane-albumin microspheres as contrast agents and normal saline injections into the pelvic cavity for assessment of the tubal patency and adhesions of fimbrial parts. METHODS: Fifty-five infertile female patients were recruited to undergo 3D HyCoSy with normal saline injected into the pelvic cavity, in which the tubal patency was observed by visualizing the spillage of contrast agents from the fimbriae, and the fimbrial adhesion was confirmed by the finger-like projections of the fimbriae and their floating and moving status...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134702/single-port-robotic-assisted-sacrocolpopexy-our-experience-with-the-first-25-cases
#8
Emad Matanes, Roy Lauterbach, Susana Mustafa-Mikhail, Amnon Amit, Zeev Wiener, Lior Lowenstein
OBJECTIVES: In single-port surgery, the surgeon operates almost exclusively through a single entry point, typically the patient's navel, leaving only a single small scar. The aims of this study were to share some tips and tricks of single-port robotic-assisted sacrocolpopexy and to evaluate the learning curve of mastering the skills to operate this procedure. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of the first 25 single-port; robotic-assisted sacrocolpopexy surgeries performed during July to December 2015 at Rambam Health Care Campus by a single surgeon...
January 27, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133138/-case-of-laparoscopic-sigmoidectomy-for-a-patient-with-persistent-descending-mesocolon
#9
Shu Arai, Yoji Nishimura, Shinsuke Kazama, Yusuke Nishizawa, Hideki Ishikawa, Yoshihiro Mori, Takashi Takenoya, Michitoshi Takano
A 65-year-old man with bloody stools was diagnosed with sigmoid colon cancer on colonoscopy. A preoperative barium enema and a computed tomography colonography scan showed a medial displacement of his descending colon. The preoperative clinical diagnosis was stage cT1 colon cancer, N0, M0, cStage I . Laparoscopic sigmoidectomy was performed. We found adhesions between the descending colon mesentery and the pelvic wall, and noted that the descending colon was not fused with the retroperitoneum and was shifted to the midline...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127836/clinical-characteristics-of-persistent-ectopic-pregnancy-after-salpingostomy-and-influence-on-ongoing-pregnancy
#10
Yongli Zhang, Jinhong Chen, Wen Lu, Bilan Li, Guiqiang Du, Xiaoping Wan
AIM: The aim of this study was to assay the clinical characteristics of persistent ectopic pregnancy (PEP) and its influence on ongoing pregnancy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 2498 patients who received salpingostomies as primary management for ectopic pregnancies from January 2004 to December 2009, using medical records and telephone inquiries. Clinical characteristics of the 52 patients (2.08%) who were diagnosed with PEP after salpingostomy were compared with those who received satisfactory treatment...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096643/intestinal-obstruction-associated-with-ovarian-remnant-in-postmenopausal-female
#11
Ridhima Gupta, Pushpender Gupta
Ovarian remnant syndrome (ORS) is a rare condition, in which the ovarian tissue is inadvertently left behind after difficult oophorectomy. The most common preexisting conditions associated for this complication include endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease, and prior abdominal surgery as in these conditions, removal of ovarian tissue becomes difficult. This is likely due to the presence of the dense fibrotic adhesions between an ovary and the surrounding structures. This residual ovarian tissue can become functional and cystic...
October 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088711/surgery-for-chronic-mesh-infection-occurred-10-years-after-sacrectomy-mesh-resection-and-mesentric-leaf-repair-a-case-report
#12
Makoto Koyama, Yusuke Miyagawa, Yuta Yamamoto, Masato Kitazawa, Akira Suzuki, Satoshi Ishizone, Shinichi Miyagawa
INTRODUCTION: Sacrectomy to treat malignant tumors is often results in large pelvic defects to require reconstruction, using a prosthetic mesh. Importance is to avoid its direct contact of mesh with intestine to prevent adhesion between them. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 83-year old woman who was diagnosed with a mesh infection caused by a small bowel penetration 10 years after sacrectomy combined with mesh reconstruction for chordoma. In the first operation, because of incomplete re-peritonealization due to a large defect in the retroperitoneum, a mesh unavoidably was compelled to contact with the small intestine...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076877/ultrasound-imaging-for-ovarian-and-deep-infiltrating-endometriosis
#13
Caterina Exacoustos, Errico Zupi, Emilio Piccione
The main challenges of imaging for endometriosis are the detection of nonovarian disease and the evaluation of the extension of the disease into pelvic structures. Transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS) has been proposed as the first-line imaging technique because it allows extensive exploration of the pelvis. The "typical" endometrioma is a unilocular cyst with homogeneous low-level echogenicity (ground glass echogenicity) of the cyst fluid. The use of color Doppler helps avoid classifying malignancies as endometriomas, defining the presence of vascular flow in papillations...
January 2017: Seminars in Reproductive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073298/extraperitoneal-vs-transperitoneal-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-in-the-setting-of-prior-abdominal-or-pelvic-surgery
#14
David Horovitz, Changyong Feng, Edward M Messing, Jean Volny Joseph
INTRODUCTION: During Robotic-Assisted Radical Prostatectomy (RARP), the prostate may be approached extraperiteoneally (eRARP) or transperitoneally (tRARP). The former avoids the abdominal cavity which might be of benefit in patients who have had prior abdominal or pelvic surgery (PAPS). Our objective was to compare the outcomes of patients with PAPS undergoing either technique. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients treated with RARP from July 1, 2003-Dec. 31, 2014 with a minimum follow-up of 3 months was undertaken...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050471/spectrum-of-mdct-findings-in-bowel-obstruction-in-a-tertiary-care-rural-hospital-in-northern-india
#15
Ranjana Gupta, Puneet Mittal, Amit Mittal, Sharad Gupta, Kapish Mittal, Arpit Taneja
INTRODUCTION: Multidetector Computed Tomography (MDCT) provides clinically and surgically important information in bowel obstruction. It can depict the severity, level and cause of obstruction. AIM: To depict the spectrum of MDCT findings in cases of small and large bowel obstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Contrast enhanced MDCT examination of 50 patients were retrospectively included in the study who had evidence of clinical as well as MDCT evidence of bowel obstruction and in whom surgical/clinical follow-up for final diagnosis was available...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047761/su-g-iep2-02-a-proposed-solution-to-accurate-delineation-of-external-body-contour-within-ct-extended-field-of-view-efov-and-the-evaluation-of-dosimetric-impact-from-image-distortion-in-efov
#16
V Huang, J Kamarn, R D'Arcy, K Kohli
PURPOSE: When a patient's anatomy spans beyond the scan field of view (sFOV) in a CT scanner, extrapolation techniques are applied to reconstruct data in the extended field of view (eFOV). However, it's challenging to delineate the external body contour accurately due to image distortions within eFOV. Our proposed solution is to apply TargetTape, a disposable radio-opaque adhesive strip, to patients. Our study investigates the accuracy of geometric reconstruction and the dosimetric impact when using TargetTape in eFOV...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039651/prevention-of-internal-hernias-and-pelvic-adhesions-following-laparoscopic-left-sided-colorectal-resection-the-role-of-fibrin-sealant
#17
Pierluigi Angelini, Antonio Sciuto, Diego Cuccurullo, Felice Pirozzi, Stefano Reggio, Francesco Corcione
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopy has increasingly become the standard of care for patients who undergo colorectal surgery for both benign and malignant diseases. This growing experience has also resulted in more reports of postoperative complications from the minimally invasive approach to primary colorectal resection. Small bowel obstruction from internal hernias and pre-sacral adhesions is an uncommon but not negligible complication. However, there is little literature specific to this topic with recommendations for different methods to prevent it...
December 30, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008424/correlation-of-ca-125-serum-level-and-clinico-pathological-characteristic-of-patients-with-endometriosis
#18
Mojgan Karimi-Zarchi, Najmeh Dehshiri-Zadeh, Leili Sekhavat, Fahime Nosouhi
BACKGROUND: Cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) is a glycoprotein biomarker that is used in women with pelvic masses such as endometriosis and maybe is useful in practice of patients suspicious to endometriosis. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between preoperative serum CA-125 levels and clinic pathological characteristic in women with endometriosis, and find out the best serum CA-125 levels cut-off in pre and post menopause women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Serum CA-125 levels in 87 women aged 21-54 years suspected to endometriosis with pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, or dyspareunia were measured preoperatively...
November 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007589/rectovaginal-splenosis-an-unexpected-cause-of-dyspareunia-approached-by-laparoscopy
#19
Hélder Ferreira, Cristina Maciel, Alexandre Morgado, António Pereira
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the technique of laparoscopic approach in a rare case of rectovaginal splenosis with severe dyspareunia and dyschesia. DESIGN: A step-by-step explanation of the patient's condition, diagnosis, surgical technique, and postoperative results (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). SETTING: Splenosis consists of ectopic functioning splenic tissue that can be located anywhere within the abdomen or pelvis. Fragments are often multiple and range in diameter from a few millimeters to a few centimeters...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987347/integrated-analysis-reveals-candidate-mrna-and-their-potential-roles-in-uterine-leiomyomas
#20
Liping Xia, Yan Liu, Yan Fu, Shengyi Dongye, Dewei Wang
AIM: Uterine leiomyomas (UL) are the most common pelvic tumors, and the etiology and pathophysiology are not well understood. We aimed to elucidate the genes responsible for UL development. METHODS: Integrated analyses of four datasets of mRNA profiling for UL were performed. Functional annotation of differentially expressed genes (DEG) was used to systematically characterize the global expression profiles. The UL-specific protein-protein interaction network was constructed...
January 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
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