Read by QxMD icon Read

early gold directed therapy

James Liu, Caleb Abshire, Connor Carry, Andrew B Sholl, Sree Harsha Mandava, Amrita Datta, Manish Ranjan, Cameron Callaghan, Donna V Peralta, Kristen S Williams, Weil R Lai, Asim B Abdel-Mageed, Matthew Tarr, Benjamin R Lee
OBJECTIVE: To investigate tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) and gold nanorod (AuNR) paired with photothermal ablation in a human metastatic clear cell renal cell carcinoma mouse model. Nanoparticles have been successful as platform for targeted drug delivery in the treatment of urologic cancers. Likewise, the use of nanoparticles in photothermal tumor ablation, though early in its development, has provided promising results. Our previous in vitro studies of nanoparticles loaded with both TKI and gold nanorods and activated with photothermal ablation have demonstrated significant synergistic cell kill greater than each individual arm alone...
July 19, 2016: BJU International
A S J Mullin, M J Hilsenroth, J Gold, B A Farber
: This study explores whether object relations (OR) functioning improves over the course of psychodynamic psychotherapy, and whether this improvement is related to symptom decrease as well as therapist technique. The sample consisted of 75 outpatients engaged in short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy at a university-based psychological service clinic. OR functioning was assessed pre- and post-treatment by independent raters using the Social Cognition and Object Relations Scale from in-session patient relational narratives...
May 30, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
Stephen M Fisher, Robert Joodi, Ananth J Madhuranthakam, Orhan K Öz, Rohit Sharma, Avneesh Chhabra
The care of patients with musculoskeletal malignancies has increasingly become a multidisciplinary function. Radiologists play an important role in many areas of these patients' care including initial diagnosis, staging, in many cases guiding therapy, and monitoring treatment response. However, the gold standard for the final diagnosis of these diseases remains the histopathologic proof. Intense efforts have been made to develop non-invasive methods of determining the tumor grade, or a surrogate, in order to predict biologic behavior, aid early treatment decisions, and provide prognostic information...
July 2016: European Journal of Radiology
Sharad Manaktala, Stephen R Claypool
OBJECTIVE: We created a system using a triad of change management, electronic surveillance, and algorithms to detect sepsis and deliver highly sensitive and specific decision support to the point of care using a mobile application. The investigators hypothesized that this system would result in a reduction in sepsis mortality. METHODS: A before-and-after model was used to study the impact of the interventions on sepsis-related mortality. All patients admitted to the study units were screened per the Institute for Healthcare Improvement Surviving Sepsis Guidelines using real-time electronic surveillance...
May 25, 2016: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
F van der Heide
This review focuses on the acquired causes, diagnosis, and treatment of intestinal malabsorption. Intestinal absorption is a complex process that depends on many variables, including the digestion of nutrients within the intestinal lumen, the absorptive surface of the small intestine, the membrane transport systems, and the epithelial absorptive enzymes. Acquired causes of malabsorption are classified by focussing on the three phases of digestion and absorption: 1) luminal/digestive phase, 2) mucosal/absorptive phase, and 3) transport phase...
April 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Gastroenterology
Zhenying Guo, Ricardo V Lloyd
Treatment options for cancer patients have changed considerably in recent years with the introduction of variable gene mutation and targeted therapy. Although molecular testing for gene mutations remains the gold standard in assessing biopsy tissues for specific mutations and for subsequent therapy, recent developments have led to the use of highly specific monoclonal antibodies to detect mutated genes in tissue sections. Some of the early developments included antibodies against EGFR, but have expanded to include antibodies detecting mutated RAS, BRAF, and SDHx...
July 2016: Human Pathology
Jordan Breed, Tony Goldschlager, Ronil V Chandra
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Neurogenic claudication from posterior epidural extension of a Baastrup interspinous bursal cyst is rare. Surgical decompression is the gold standard of treatment. This case report describes successful percutaneous treatment with good early clinicoradiological outcome. PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe the successful percutaneous treatment of a central posterior epidural Baastrup cyst causing neurogenic claudication. STUDY DESIGN: This is a case report study...
September 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Huawei Shen, Juan Yang, Zhongping Chen, Xueping Chen, Li Wang, Jing Hu, Feihu Ji, Guoming Xie, Wenli Feng
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) contain a great deal of information of tumor phenotype. Therefore, highly sensitive detection and specific enrichment of CTCs are of intense interest. Herein, a label-free electrochemical impedance spectroscopy cytosensor with effective surface recognition between specific epithelial cell adhesion molecules (EpCAM) over-expressed on the cell membrane and EpCAM aptamer was developed for the detection of CTCs. After immobilization of 6-mercapto-1-hexanol (MCH) onto the gold electrode, the capture probe can be directionally inserted in MCH interspaces, which can improve the sensitivity of the cytosensor...
July 15, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Pallavi Sinha, Anamika Gupta, Pradyot Prakash, Shampa Anupurba, Rajneesh Tripathi, G N Srivastava
BACKGROUND: Control of the global burden of tuberculosis is obstructed due to lack of simple, rapid and cost effective diagnostic techniques that can be used in resource poor-settings. To facilitate the early diagnosis of TB directly from clinical specimens, we have standardized and validated the use of nested multiplex PCR, targeting gene fragments IS6110, MTP40 and 32kD α-antigen encoding genes specific for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex and non-tubercular mycobacteria (NTM), in comparison to smear microscopy, solid culture and single step multiplex PCR...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Hana Obručová, Radka Tihelková, Iva Kotásková, Filip Růžička, Veronika Holá, Eva Němcová, Tomáš Freiberger
Early diagnosis of fungal infection is critical for initiating antifungal therapy and reducing the high mortality rate in immunocompromised patients. In this study, we focused on rapid and sensitive identification of clinically important Candida species, utilizing the variability in the length of the ITS2 rRNA gene and fluorescent capillary electrophoresis (f-ITS2-PCR-CE). The method was developed and optimized on 29 various Candida reference strains from which 26 Candida species were clearly identified, while Candida guilliermondii, C...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Pauline K Park
Severe hypoxemia is associated with untoward outcomes in acute respiratory distress syndrome patients. Nevertheless, in and of itself, correction of hypoxemia is not an adequate surrogate outcome for mortality and clear evidence-based targets for correction of hypoxemia remain to be determined. At present, clinical management is directed toward achieving sufficient oxygenation while minimizing toxicity of ventilator-induced lung injury. The gold standard remains lung-protective mechanical ventilation, using lower-tidal volumes and pressure-limited ventilator titration...
February 2016: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Mariah J Lelos, Victoria H Roberton, Ngoc-Nga Vinh, Carl Harrison, Peter Eriksen, Eduardo M Torres, Susanne P Clinch, Anne E Rosser, Stephen B Dunnett
Huntington's disease (HD) is a debilitating, genetically inherited neurodegenerative disorder that results in early loss of medium spiny neurons from the striatum and subsequent degeneration of cortical and other subcortical brain regions. Behavioral changes manifest as a range of motor, cognitive, and neuropsychiatric impairments. It has been established that replacement of the degenerated medium spiny neurons with rat-derived fetal whole ganglionic eminence (rWGE) tissue can alleviate motor and cognitive deficits in preclinical rodent models of HD...
2016: Cell Transplantation
Mary Saliski, Sapna R Kudchadkar
Achieving successful early mobilization for the intubated, critically ill child is dependent on optimizing sedation and analgesia. Finding the fine balance between oversedation and undersedation can be challenging. The ideal is for a child to be lucid and interactive during the daytime and demonstrate normal circadian rhythm for sleep with rest at night. Being alert during the day facilitates active participation in therapy including potential ambulation, while decreasing the risk of delirium during mechanical ventilation...
2015: Journal of Pediatric Intensive Care
Floriana Bulic-Jakus, Ana Katusic Bojanac, Gordana Juric-Lekic, Maja Vlahovic, Nino Sincic
A teratoma is a benign tumor containing a mixture of differentiated tissues and organotypic derivatives of the three germ layers, while a teratocarcinoma also contains embryonal carcinoma cells (EC cells). Experimental teratomas and teratocarcinomas have been derived from early mammalian embryos transplanted into the adult animal (ectopic sites). In the rat, the pluripotency of the transplanted epiblast was demonstrated and a quantifiable restriction of developmental potential persisted after subsequent transplantation of chemically defined cultivated postimplantation embryos...
March 2016: Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews. Developmental Biology
(no author information available yet)
UNLABELLED: of RECOMMENDATIONS: The Evaluation of Genomic Applications in Practice and Prevention (EGAPP) Working Group found insufficient evidence to recommend for or against the use of Oncotype DX testing to guide chemotherapy treatment decisions in women with hormone receptor-positive, lymph node-negative, or lymph node-positive early breast cancer who are receiving endocrine therapy. This recommendation statement updates a 2009 EGAPP statement on the use of gene expression profiling tests in breast cancer...
August 2016: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
Ingo Kleiter, Ralf Gold
Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) are important evolving entities, which have reached much attention in the recent years. NMOSD are characterized by inflammatory lesions in the optic nerves, spinal cord, and central parts of the brain, as well as an autoimmune process directed against aquaporin-4. As disability in NMOSD accumulates by inflammatory damage from attacks, both the treatment and prevention of attacks are decisive for the long-term outcome. NMOSD attacks are treated with high-dose intravenous corticosteroids and apheresis therapies, in particular therapeutic plasma exchange...
January 2016: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
Athanasios Alexiou, Charalampos Vairaktarakis, Vasilis Tsiamis, Ghulam Md Ashraf
Cancer is considered as a prevalent cause of human deaths and undoubtedly, is the most complex disease with multiple cellular physiological systems involved. During the last decade, the application of nanotechnological products for cancer treatment has received considerable attention. These sophisticated tools and materials treat cancer though the early diagnosis, the prediction, the prevention and the personalized therapy. This technology enabled the development of nanoscale particles that can be conjugated with one or multiple functional molecules simultaneously...
2015: Current Drug Metabolism
Alfredo García-Layana, Marta S Figueroa, Luis Arias, Javier Araiz, José María Ruiz-Moreno, José García-Arumí, Francisco Gómez-Ulla, María Isabel López-Gálvez, Francisco Cabrera-López, José Manuel García-Campos, Jordi Monés, Enrique Cervera, Felix Armadá, Roberto Gallego-Pinazo
Individualized treatment regimens may reduce patient burden with satisfactory patient outcomes in neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Intravitreal anti-VEGF drugs are the current gold standard. Fixed monthly injections offer the best visual outcome but this regimen is not commonly followed outside clinical trials. A PRN regimen requires monthly visits where the patient is treated in the presence of signs of lesion activity. Therefore, an early detection of reactivation of the disease with immediate retreatment is crucial to prevent visual acuity loss...
2015: Journal of Ophthalmology
Elena Jordana-Lluch, Montserrat Giménez, M Dolores Quesada, Belén Rivaya, Clara Marcó, M Jesús Domínguez, Fernando Arméstar, Elisa Martró, Vicente Ausina
BACKGROUND: Rapid identification of the etiological agent in bloodstream infections is of vital importance for the early administration of the most appropriate antibiotic therapy. Molecular methods may offer an advantage to current culture-based microbiological diagnosis. The goal of this study was to evaluate the performance of IRIDICA, a platform based on universal genetic amplification followed by mass spectrometry (PCR/ESI-MS) for the molecular diagnosis of sepsis-related pathogens directly from the patient's blood...
2015: PloS One
Linda Nici, Richard ZuWallack
Over the past three decades, pulmonary rehabilitation has risen to the stature as a gold standard for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This rise is owing to both the development of science explaining mechanisms underlying its effectiveness and the demonstration of its substantial benefits across multiple outcome areas of importance to patients. Arguably, pulmonary rehabilitation provides the greatest improvements of any therapy in the areas of dyspnea-relief, exercise performance, and functional and health status...
August 2015: Seminars in Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"