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Developmental Kinesiology

Alena Kobesova, Pavel Kolar
Three levels of sensorimotor control within the central nervous system (CNS) can be distinguished. During the neonatal stage, general movements and primitive reflexes are controlled at the spinal and brain stem levels. Analysis of the newborn's spontaneous general movements and the assessment of primitive reflexes is crucial in the screening and early recognition of a risk for abnormal development. Following the newborn period, the subcortical level of the CNS motor control emerges and matures mainly during the first year of life...
January 2014: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Clare Frank, Alena Kobesova, Pavel Kolar
UNLABELLED: Dynamic neuromuscular (core) stability is necessary for optimal athletic performance and is not achieved purely by adequate strength of abdominals, spinal extensors, gluteals or any other musculature; rather, core stabilization is accomplished through precise coordination of these muscles and intra-abdominal pressure regulation by the central nervous system. Understanding developmental kinesiology provides a framework to appreciate the regional interdependence and the inter-linking of the skeleton, joints, musculature during movement and the importance of training both the dynamic and stabilizing function of muscles in the kinetic chain...
February 2013: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Scott Cuthbert, Anthony Rosner
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this case report is to describe the chiropractic care of a 10-year-old boy who presented with developmental delay syndromes, asthma, and chronic neck and head pain and to present an overview of his muscular imbalances during manual muscle testing evaluation that guided the interventions offered to this child. CLINICAL FEATURES: The child was a poor reader, suffered eye strain while reading, had poor memory for classroom material, and was unable to move easily from one line of text to another during reading...
September 2010: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
John R Best
Executive function refers to the cognitive processes necessary for goal-directed cognition and behavior, which develop across childhood and adolescence. Recent experimental research indicates that both acute and chronic aerobic exercise promote children's executive function. Furthermore, there is tentative evidence that not all forms of aerobic exercise benefit executive function equally: Cognitively-engaging exercise appears to have a stronger effect than non-engaging exercise on children's executive function...
December 2010: Developmental Review: DR
Scott C Cuthbert, Michel Barras
OBJECTIVE: This study presents a case series of 157 children with developmental delay syndromes, including the conditions such as dyspraxia, dyslexia, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, and learning disabilities who received chiropractic care. CLINICAL FEATURES: A consecutive sample of 157 children aged 6 to 13 years (86 boys and 71 girls) with difficulties in reading, learning, social interaction, and school performance who met these inclusion criteria were included...
October 2009: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Ines Gudelj, Sanja Milat, Edvard Retelj, Nebojsa Zagorac, Mate Ljubicić, Ratko Katić
The aim of the study was to identify and compare morphological characteristics of 12-year-old male and female children from Imotska krajina. The structure of a set of 23 morphological space variables were determined in a sample of 75 male and 67 female children by use of factor analysis for each sex in separate. Factor structure showed two basic superior latent dimensions responsible for directly measurable manifestations of morphological parameters in both male and female children. One of these two dimensions behaved as a general mechanism of growth and development, whereas the other showed a bipolar pattern...
March 2009: Collegium Antropologicum
Ratko Katić, Ljerka Srhoj, Ratomir Pazanin
The study objective was to analyze the integration of psychomotor coordination into other dimensions evaluated. Four morphologic variables (stature, body mass, forearm circumference and triceps skinfold) and 7 motor variables (hand tapping, standing jump, sit-ups, forward bow, bent arm hang, 3-min run and polygon backward) were assessed in a sample of 2205 male children (subdivided into 4 groups) aged 7-11 years, elementary school first- to fourth-graders from the Primorje - Gorski Kotar County, Republic of Croatia...
December 2005: Collegium Antropologicum
S Matano, E Hirasaki
Seven measurements in the cerebellar complex were completed on 45 individuals, including 26 species of anthropoids from Stephan's collection. These included 12 species of New World monkeys, 10 species of Old World monkeys, and Hylobates, Gorilla, Pan, and humans. The measurements were the volume of medial (fastigial) (CM), interpositus (globose and emboliform) (CI), and lateral (dentate) (CL) cerebellar nuclei, ventral pons (VPo), inferior olivary principal (OLIPr), and accessory (OLIAc) nuclei and vestibular nuclear complex (VES)...
June 1997: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
M A Painter
The purpose of this study was to investigate the generalizability with which undergraduate kinesiology and elementary education students can rate children's hopping performances according to prelongitudinally validated developmental sequences for the arms, legs, and total body. Twenty observers were assigned to one of four training groups (n = 5): (a) kinesiology students/total-body sequence, (b) kinesiology students/component sequences, (c) elementary education students/total-body sequence, and (d) elementary education students/component sequences...
March 1994: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
V Vojta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1972: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Ihre Grenzgebiete
V Vojta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1972: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Ihre Grenzgebiete
R L Wickstrom
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1975: Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews
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