keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Trunk

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340318/is-there-a-relationship-between-postural-alignment-and-mobility-for-adults-after-acquired-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#1
Simon J Mills, Michelle N McDonnell, Dominic Thewlis, Shylie Mackintosh
PRIMARY OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between postural alignment and mobility skills for adults after acquired brain injury (ABI). METHODS: Systematic review of the literature. Seven electronic databases, grey literature and reference lists of the shortlisted publications were searched. Studies were included if participants were adults with ABI, both postural alignment and mobility were measured and analysis included a relationship between alignment and mobility...
March 24, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340152/sarcopenia-and-relationships-between-muscle-mass-measured-glomerular-filtration-rate-and-physical-function-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-stages-3-5
#2
Yunan Zhou, Matthias Hellberg, Philippa Svensson, Peter Höglund, Naomi Clyne
Background.: Sarcopenia and poor physical function are common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Our aim was to investigate the relationships between muscle mass and measured glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and between muscle mass and strength and balance, respectively, in patients with CKD stages 3-5. Methods.: This is a baseline data analysis of a randomized controlled clinical trial. A total of 148 adult patients with an estimated GFR <30 mL/min/1...
March 1, 2017: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338837/associations-of-leukocyte-telomere-length-with-aerobic-and-muscular-fitness-in-young-adults
#3
Dylan M Williams, Jessica L Buxton, Marko T Kantomaa, Tuija H Tammelin, Alexandra I F Blakemore, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin
Decline in both telomere length and physical fitness over the life course may contribute to increased risk of several chronic diseases. The relationship between telomere length and aerobic and muscular fitness is not well characterized. We examined whether there are cross-sectional associations of mean relative leukocyte telomere length (LTL) with objective measures of aerobic fitness, muscle strength, and muscle endurance, using data on 31-year-old participants of the Northern Finland Birth Cohort 1966 (n = 4,952-5,205, varying by exposure-outcome analysis)...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338573/a-machine-learning-based-surface-electromyography-topography-evaluation-for-prognostic-prediction-of-functional-restoration-rehabilitation-in-chronic-low-back-pain
#4
Naifu Jiang, Keith Dip-Kei Luk, Yong Hu
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and applicability of support vector machine (SVM) algorithm in classifying patients with LBP who would obtain satisfactory or unsatisfactory progress after the functional restoration rehabilitation program. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Dynamic surface electromyography (SEMG) topography has demonstrated the potential use in predicting the prognosis of functional restoration rehabilitation for patients with low back pain (LBP)...
March 23, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338379/head-neck-trunk-and-pelvis-tissue-mass-predictions-for-young-adults-using-anthropometric-measures-and-dxa
#5
Danielle L Gyemi, Charles Kahelin, Nicole C George, David M Andrews
Accurate prediction of wobbling mass (WM), fat mass (FM), lean mass (LM) and bone mineral content (BMC) of living people using regression equations developed from anthropometric measures (lengths, circumferences, breadths, skinfolds) has previously been reported, but only for the extremities. Multiple linear stepwise regression was used to generate comparable equations for the head, neck, trunk and pelvis of young adults (38 males, 38 females). Equations were validated using actual tissue masses from an independent sample of 13 males and 13 females by manually segmenting full body Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry scans...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338117/endovascular-treatment-for-acute-mesenteric-ischaemia-in-a-young-woman-with-polyarterial-disease
#6
Mihai C Ober, Calin Homorodean, Dan A Tataru, Antonia E Macarie, Camelia D Ober, Dan M Olinic
BACKGROUND: Acute mesenteric ischaemia is a condition with a grim prognosis on conservative treatment. Endovascular revascularisation is a promising approach for some of these patients. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a 44-year-old woman with a history of severe arterial hypertension, left leg claudication, and overlooked symptoms of chronic mesenteric ischaemia for one year, who was admitted for severe abdominal pain for one week. Computed tomographic angiography (CTA) showed acute mesenteric ischaemia by occlusion of the coeliac trunk and the superior mesenteric artery (SMA), without bowel perforation...
March 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases: JGLD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337590/acl-reconstructed-and-acl-deficient-individuals-show-differentiated-trunk-hip-and-knee-kinematics-during-vertical-hops-more-than-20%C3%A2-years-post-injury
#7
Jonas L Markström, Eva Tengman, Charlotte K Häger
PURPOSE: Little is known regarding movement strategies in the long term following injury of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), and even less about comparisons of reconstructed and deficient knees in relation to healthy controls. The present purpose was to compare trunk, hip, and knee kinematics during a one-leg vertical hop (VH) ~20 years post-ACL injury between persons treated with surgery and physiotherapy (ACLR), solely physiotherapy (ACLPT), and controls (CTRL). Between-leg kinematic differences within groups were also investigated...
March 23, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337148/on-the-estimation-accuracy-of-the-3d-body-center-of-mass-trajectory-during-human-locomotion-inverse-vs-forward-dynamics
#8
Gaspare Pavei, Elena Seminati, Dario Cazzola, Alberto E Minetti
The dynamics of body center of mass (BCoM) 3D trajectory during locomotion is crucial to the mechanical understanding of the different gaits. Forward Dynamics (FD) obtains BCoM motion from ground reaction forces while Inverse Dynamics (ID) estimates BCoM position and speed from motion capture of body segments. These two techniques are widely used by the literature on the estimation of BCoM. Despite the specific pros and cons of both methods, FD is less biased and considered as the golden standard, while ID estimates strongly depend on the segmental model adopted to schematically represent the moving body...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335701/the-effect-of-a-whole-body-vibration-therapy-on-the-sitting-balance-of-subacute-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Jong Hwa Lee, Sang Beom Kim, Kyeong Woo Lee, Sook Joung Lee, Hyuntae Park, Dong Won Kim
BACKGROUND: The use of a whole-body vibration (WBV) therapy has recently been applied and investigated as a rehabilitation method for subacute stroke patients. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a WBV therapy on recovery of balance in subacute stroke patients who were unable to gain sitting balance. METHODS: The conventional rehabilitation group (CG) received conventional physical therapy, including sitting balance training by a physical therapist, for 30 min a one session, for twice a day for five days a week for two weeks...
March 23, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335683/redescription-of-pallisentis-brevitritospinus-indica-acanthocephala-quadrigyridae-from-channa-punctatus-bloch-schneider-channidae-in-aligarh-india-with-new-understandings-of-old-structures
#10
Omar M Amin, Richard Heckmann, Ahammed Shareef
Pallisentis indica Mital and Lal, 1976 was originally described from Channa gatchua Hamilton (Channidae) in Kali nadi River, Aligarh, India. It was later placed in the subgenus Brevitritospinus Amin, Heckmann, Ha, Luc, and Doanh, 2000. Our collection from the spotted snakehead Channa punctatus Bloch & Schneider in another locality of the same stream in Aligarh produced many specimens with variable traits revealing new structures that have never before been described in the Acanthocephala, especially relating to the ducted trunk spines...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335279/a-novel-polyvinylidene-fluoride-tree-like-nanofiber-membrane-for-microfiltration
#11
Zongjie Li, Weimin Kang, Huihui Zhao, Min Hu, Na Wei, Jiuan Qiu, Bowen Cheng
A novel polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) tree-like nanofiber membrane (PVDF-TLNM) was fabricated by adding tetrabutylammonium chloride (TBAC) into a PVDF spinning solution via one-step electrospinning. The structure of the prepared membranes was characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and pore size analysis, and the hydrophilic property and microfiltration performance were also evaluated. The results showed that the tree-like nanofiber was composed of trunk fibers and branch fibers with diameters of 100-500 nm and 5-100 nm, respectively...
August 19, 2016: Nanomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335136/retrospective-analysis-of-type-a-aortic-dissections-after-debranching-of-the-supra-aortic-trunks-and-stentgraft-of-the-aortic-arch-the-side-clamping-of-the-ascending-aorta-is-responsible
#12
Dorian Verscheure, Julien Gaudric, Quentin Pellenc, Arnaud Roussel, Laurent Chiche, Fabien Koskas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333619/the-effect-of-vibrotactile-cuing-on-recovery-strategies-from-a-treadmill-induced-trip
#13
Beom-Chan Lee, Bernard J Martin, Timothy A Thrasher, Charles S Layne
Effective fall prevention technologies need to detect and transmit the key information that will alert an individual in advance about a potential fall. This study investigated advanced vibrotactile cuing that may facilitate trip recovery for balance-impaired individuals who are prone to falling. A split-belt treadmill that simulated unpredictable trip perturbations was developed to compare balance recovery without and with cuing. Kinetic and kinematic measures from force plates and full body motion capture system were used to characterize the recovery responses...
March 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332619/retinol-binding-protein-4-levels-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#14
Xuechen Chen, Tianran Shen, Qing Li, Xu Chen, Yanping Li, Dan Li, Gengdong Chen, Wenhua Ling, Yu-Ming Chen
Previous reports on the association between retinol binding protein 4 (RBP4) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) were controversial. This study aimed to investigate the association between the serum RBP4 levels and occurrence of NAFLD in Chinese population. In total, 2938 participants aged 40-75 years were involved in this community-based cross-sectional study. General information, lifestyle factors, serum levels of RBP4 and the presence of NAFLD were determined. Patients with NAFLD had significantly higher concentrations of RBP4 (37...
March 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331907/brace-technology-thematic-series-the-3d-rigo-ch%C3%A3%C2%AAneau-type-brace
#15
Manuel Rigo, Mina Jelačić
BACKGROUND: Chêneau and Matthias introduced in 1979 a brace concept inspired in casting. The brace was initially named "CTM" from Chêneau-Toulouse-Münster. The name "CTM" is still popular in France but "Chêneau-type brace" is its common name in the rest of the world. Principles to construct this brace were originally based on anatomical descriptions rather than biomechanics, and its standard is poor. METHODS: This paper follows the format of the "Brace technology thematic series...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331906/associations-between-sarcopenia-and-degenerative-lumbar-scoliosis-in-older-women
#16
Yawara Eguchi, Munetaka Suzuki, Hajime Yamanaka, Hiroshi Tamai, Tatsuya Kobayashi, Sumihisa Orita, Kazuyo Yamauchi, Miyako Suzuki, Kazuhide Inage, Kazuki Fujimoto, Hirohito Kanamoto, Koki Abe, Yasuchika Aoki, Tomoaki Toyone, Tomoyuki Ozawa, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Seiji Ohtori
BACKGROUND: Age-related sarcopenia can cause various forms of physical disabilities. We investigated how sarcopenia affects degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS) and lumbar spinal canal stenosis (LSCS). METHODS: Subjects comprised 40 elderly women (mean age 74 years) with spinal disease whose chief complaints were low back pain and lower limb pain. They included 15 cases of DLS (mean 74.8 years) and 25 cases of LSCS (mean age 72.9 years). We performed whole-body dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to analyze body composition, including appendicular and trunk skeletal muscle mass index (SMI; lean mass (kg)/height (m)(2)) and bone mineral density (BMD)...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331273/double-right-testicular-arteries-passing-through-the-hiatus-in-the-trifurcated-testicular-vein
#17
Qing-Hua Mao, Jing Li
Variations of the testicular artery have been commonly described by many authors, although reports for accessory or double testicular arteries were scarce. The testicular vein displays a great variability as regards their numbers, courses, and sites of termination. We present here a single right testicular vein dividing into three trunks at the terminal drainage, and the bifurcated right testicular artery passed through the hiatus of the testicular vein.
February 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330965/greater-sympathoadrenal-activation-with-longer-pre-ventilation-intervals-after-immediate-cord-clamping-increases-hemodynamic-lability-at-birth-in-preterm-lambs
#18
Joseph J Smolich, Kelly R Kenna, Murray David Esler, Sarah E Phillips, Gavin W Lambert
This study tested the hypothesis that varying degrees of hemodynamic fluctuations seen after birth following immediate cord clamping were related to development of asphyxia with longer cord clamp-to-ventilation intervals, resulting in higher perinatal circulating levels of the catecholamines norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (Epi), and thus increased heart rate, blood pressures and cardiac contractility after birth. Anesthetized preterm fetal lambs were instrumented with 1) aortic (AoT) and pulmonary trunk (PT) micromanometers to obtain pressures and the maximal rate of pressure rise (dP/dtmax) as a surrogate measure of ventricular contractility, and 2) an AoT catheter to obtain samples for blood gas and catecholamine analyses...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330704/an-update-on-non-extremity-soft-tissue-sarcomas
#19
S J Ford, L M Almond, A Gronchi
The management of soft tissue sarcoma is challenging and varied. Centralisation of management in high volume specialist centres has revolutionised outcomes. Surgery remains the mainstay of treatment and is currently the only potentially curative therapy. Retroperitoneal soft tissue sarcoma presents a particular challenge to the surgical oncologist and the concept of extended resection to include surrounding expendable organs taken en bloc with the tumour has now largely been adopted. The use of neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapies for retroperitoneal soft tissue sarcoma is still to be established, although they are employed on a case-specific basis...
March 19, 2017: Clinical Oncology: a Journal of the Royal College of Radiologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330105/deciphering-the-effect-of-novel-bacterial-exopolysaccharide-based-nanoparticle-cream-against-propionibacterium-acnes
#20
Abraham P Karlapudi, Vidya P Kodali, Krishna P Kota, Sabiha S Shaik, N S Sampath Kumar, Vijaya R Dirisala
Acne vulgaris (acne) is a chronic inflammatory disease prevalent among adolescents and adults, with significant psychological effects. The aetiology of acne is multifactorial. Several pathophysiological associations have been identified in which Propionibacterium acnes plays a major role. This bacteria primarily affects areas containing oil glands including the face, back and trunk, where it causes the formation of seborrhoea and inflammatory lesions. The treatment methods currently in place have side effects...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
keyword
keyword
57469
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"