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Maria V Cannizzaro, Annunziata Dattola, Virginia Garofalo, Ester Del Duca, Luca Bianchi
BACKGROUND: Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that manifests as open and closed comedones as well as inflammatory papules, pustules, and nodules localized on face and trunk. Oral isotretinoin demonstrated to be effective in controlling seborrhea, inflammation, Propionibacterium Acnes hyperproliferation and reducing scarring, nevertheless muco-cutaneous side effects, particularly dryness, itching, bruising are commonly seen in patients under treatment with isotretinoin reducing the compliance to the treatment...
April 2018: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Dyre Kleive, Mushegh A Sahakyan, Ammar Khan, Bjarte Fosby, Pål-Dag Line, Knut Jørgen Labori
PURPOSE: The incidence of intraoperative arterial injury during pancreatectomy is not well described. This study aims to evaluate the incidence, management, and outcome of arterial injuries during pancreatectomy. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 1535 consecutive patients undergoing pancreatectomy between 2006 and 2016 at Oslo University Hospital. The type of arterial injury and potential contributing factors were analyzed. Short-term outcomes were compared between patients with arterial injury and patients undergoing a planned arterial resection due to tumor involvement...
March 21, 2018: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
F Johannesdottir, B Allaire, D E Anderson, E J Samelson, D P Kiel, M L Bouxsein
Relative age-related deficit in trunk muscle density was greater in women than men whereas the relative decrease in muscle mass with age was similar in both sexes. The greater muscle fat content and greater age-related fat accumulation among women may contribute to women suffering more functional disabilities than men. INTRODUCTION: A better understanding of the effect of aging on trunk musculature will have implications for physical function, disability, pain, and risk of injury in older adults...
March 22, 2018: Osteoporosis International
Francesca Sylos-Labini, Andrea d'Avella, Francesco Lacquaniti, Yury Ivanenko
Handholding can naturally occur between two walkers. When people walk side-by-side, either with or without hand contact, they often synchronize their steps. However, despite the importance of haptic interaction in general and the natural use of hand contact between humans during walking, few studies have investigated forces arising from physical interactions. Eight pairs of adult subjects participated in this study. They walked on side-by-side treadmills at 4 km/h independently and with hand contact. Only hand contact-related sensory information was available for unintentional synchronization, while visual and auditory communication was obstructed...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Jun Muratsu, Masahiro Koseki, Daisaku Masuda, Yuji Yasuga, Satoki Tomoyama, Keiji Ataka, Yoshiki Yagi, Atsushi Nakagawa, Hidehumi Hamada, Shigeki Fujita, Hiroaki Hattori, Tohru Ohama, Makoto Nishida, Hisatoyo Hiraoka, Yuji Matsuzawa, Shizuya Yamashita
We report a case of Tangier disease with Leriche syndrome and bleeding tendency. In this male patient, nasal hemorrhage had been observed frequently throughout childhood. At 46 years old, he experienced effort angina, and coronary angiography demonstrated 75% stenosis in the right coronary artery. Orange-colored tonsils, mild hepatosplenomegaly and very low levels of serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were observed, and the patient was diagnosed with Tangier disease. At 52 years old, effort angina recurred...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
Shigeaki Aoyagi, Takeshi Oda, Kumiko Wada, Eiji Nakamura, Tomokazu Kosuga, Hiroshi Yasunaga
We report a case of aortic valve infective endocarditis (IE) in a 24-year-old man with atopic dermatitis (AD). He had a history of balloon valvuloplasty for a stenotic bicuspid aortic valve, and had dental caries but no invasive dental procedure before the onset of IE. On admission, skin lesions of AD with itching and scratches were found on the neck, trunk, and extremities. Echocardiography showed a vegetation on the aortic valve with mild steno-regurgitation, but extension of IE to the annulus was not detected...
March 20, 2018: International Heart Journal
Alek Z Diffendaffer, Glenn S Fleisig, Brett Ivey, Kyle T Aune
While 10% of the general population is left-handed, 27% of professional baseball pitchers are left-handed. Biomechanical differences between left- and right-handed college pitchers have been previously reported, but these differences have yet to be examined at the professional level. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare pitching biomechanics between left- and right-handed professional pitchers. It was hypothesised that there would be significant kinematic and kinetic differences between these two groups...
March 21, 2018: Sports Biomechanics
Mohammad Alwardat, Giulia Di Lazzaro, Tommaso Schirinzi, Paola Sinibaldi Salime, Nicola Biagio Mercuri, Antonio Pisani
BACKGROUND: Trunk alignment is thought to contribute to upper limb (UL) function. However, this common assumption is not clear in patients with Parkinson's Disease (PD) suffering from Pisa syndrome (PS). PS is a postural abnormality, characterized by revisable lateral trunk flexion more than 10 degrees. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the UL functioning and activities of daily living in PD patients with PS. METHODS: Forty-five participants distributed equally in three groups PD patients with PS, PD patients without PS and age/sex matched healthy controls (HC)...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
Yoshino Terui, Eriko Suto, Yohei Konno, Kouun Kubota, Masahiro Iwakura, Mizuki Satou, Shioto Nitta, Kouichi Hasegawa, Masahiro Satake, Takanobu Shioya
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to confirm the intra-rater reliability and absolute reliability of Lissajous Index (LI) in evaluating the symmetry of trunk movement during gait in patients with stroke and to examine the relation between LI and body function in patients with stroke. METHODS: Twenty-one healthy subjects (11 males and 10 females, age 63.3±2.0 yrs) and 45 patients with stroke (33 males and 12 females, age 58.7±13.4 yrs) were included in the study...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
M Chi, Y M Wan, J B Gao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 24, 2018: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
Paula Finatto, Edson Soares Da Silva, Alexandre B Okamura, Bruna P Almada, Henrique B Oliveira, Leonardo A Peyré-Tartaruga
PURPOSE: Strength training improves distance running economy and performance. This finding is based predominantly on maximal and explosive strength programmes applied to locomotor muscles, particularly on the lower limbs. It is not certain whether a minimization of metabolic cost (Cmet) and an improvement in running performance is feasible with strength training of the postural and trunk muscles. METHODS: Using kinematic, neuromuscular and metabolic measurements of running at two different speeds before and after a 12-week Pilates training programme, we tested the hypothesis that core training might improve the running Cmet and performance of trained runners...
2018: PloS One
Yi-Lang Chen, Ying-Cen Mu
Data regarding the effects of backpack carriage on children's body strains while walking are limited. This study measured the body posture, muscle activation, and subjective discomfort scores of 12 male schoolchildren (age: 12.3 (range 12.1-13.0) y, height: 151.3 (range 144.2-154.6) cm, weight: 46.6 (range 43.6-49.7) kg) carrying backpacks weighing 5%, 10%, and 15% of their respective body weights (BWs) and walking for 10 min on a treadmill. For each load, three positions along the spinal column (T7, T12, and L3) were examined...
2018: PloS One
Min Kyung Shin, Hee Seung Yang, Hea-Eun Yang, Dae Hyun Kim, Bo Ram Ahn, Hyup Kwon, Ju Hwan Lee, Suk Jung, Hyun Chul Choi, Sun Keaung Yun, Dong Young Ahn, Woo Sob Sim
Objective: To analyze the effect of lumbar strengthening exercise in lower-limb amputees with chronic low back pain. Methods: We included in this prospective study 19 lower-limb amputees who had experienced low back pain for longer than 6 months. Participants were treated with 30-minute lumbar strengthening exercises, twice weekly, for 8 weeks. We used the visual analog scale (VAS), and Oswestry low back pain disability questionnaire, and measured parameters such as iliopsoas length, abdominal muscle strength, back extensor strength, and back extensor endurance...
February 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
Michael Karsy, Cheryl A Palmer, Mark A Mahan
BACKGROUND: Laminins are extracellular matrix proteins that participate in endoneurial tubule formation and are important in the regeneration of nerves after injury. They act as scaffolds to guide nerves to distal targets and play a key role in neurite outgrowth. Because there is evidence that laminin architecture affects nerve regeneration, we evaluated endoneurial tubules by examining the laminin structure in clinical samples from patients with nerve injuries. METHODS: In a retrospective review of eight nerve injury cases, we evaluated nerve histology in relation to clinical history and injury type...
January 18, 2018: Curēus
Ryuji Komine, Atsushi Shimizu, Kazuhiko Mori, Keisuke Minamimura, Toru Hirata, Takashi Kobayashi, Nobuo Toda, Masaya Mori
Introduction: Annular pancreas is a rare congenital abnormality characterized by a ring of pancreatic tissue surrounding the descending portion of the duodenum. Annular pancreas coexisting with replaced common hepatic artery which is also a rare anatomical variation has not been reported previously. Case Presentation: A 53-year-old man visited our hospital complaining of epigastric pain. Based on radiological examinations, he was diagnosed as having pancreatitis, annular pancreas, and hepatomesenteric trunk...
2018: Case Reports in Medicine
Cristian R Astorga, Alejandro González-Candia, Alejandro A Candia, Esteban G Figueroa, Daniel Cañas, Germán Ebensperger, Roberto V Reyes, Aníbal J Llanos, Emilio A Herrera
Background: Chronic hypoxia and oxidative stress during gestation lead to pulmonary hypertension of the neonate (PHN), a condition characterized by abnormal pulmonary arterial reactivity and remodeling. Melatonin has strong antioxidant properties and improves pulmonary vascular function. Here, we aimed to study the effects of melatonin on the function and structure of pulmonary arteries from PHN lambs. Methods: Twelve lambs ( Ovis aries ) gestated and born at highlands (3,600 m) were instrumented with systemic and pulmonary catheters...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
José Ramón Alvero-Cruz, Jerónimo C García-Romero, Margarita Carrillo de Albornoz-Gil, Manuel Jiménez, Lorena Correas-Gomez, Piero Peñaloza, Iván López-Fernández, Elvis A Carnero
The main goal of this study was to analyze the longitudinal agreement between changes in trunk and abdominal adiposity variables assessed by DXA and portable bioimpedance device (ViScan). A total of 44 women, enrolled in a 4-month exercise intervention, were included in this analysis. Trunk/abdominal compartments were assessed by ViScan and DXA. Adjusted correlations for age and FM at first assessment (pre) were utilized to perform concurrent validation among methods and completed with an agreement analysis...
March 20, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Hans Roland Dürr, Jessica Rauh, Andrea Baur-Melnyk, Thomas Knösel, Lars Lindner, Falk Roeder, Volkmar Jansson, Alexander Klein
BACKGROUND: Liposarcomas are the second most common type of soft tissue sarcomas, 30-50% of these are of myxoid subtype. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the local control rate, the metastatic pattern and survival of patients in a consecutive single-institution series. METHODS: From 1983 to 2015, 43 patients with myxoid liposarcoma of the extremities and trunk wall underwent resections. The margin was defined as R0 (wide) or R1 (marginal). Patients were followed for evidence of local recurrence or distant metastasis...
March 20, 2018: BMC Cancer
Hirotaka Iijima, Kanako Shimoura, Tomoki Aoyama, Masaki Takahashi
BACKGROUND: Stair climbing was suggested to be the first affected task in individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA). RESEARCH QUESTION: This review aimed to identify consistent kinematic, kinetic, and spatiotemporal alterations of stair climbing exhibited by individuals with knee OA. METHODS: A literature search published until September 2017 was conducted in PubMed, PEDro, CINAHL, and Cochrane CENTRAL. Reviewer extracted data in accordance with the Cochrane Handbook...
March 8, 2018: Gait & Posture
Teresa Małecka-Massalska, Aleksandra Majdan
Chronic inflammatory status in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) due to metabolic changes has an effect on body composition. Up to two thirds of patients may be affected by the loss of body cell mass and, thereby, malnutrition including its most severe form - cachexia. Among patients with RA and malnutrition, the total body weight is not reduced and the muscle loss is partially compensated by an increase in body fat. The excess of visceral and trunk adipose tissue is the main factor of increased prevalence of insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome in RA patients...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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