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Jacynthe Lafrenière, Denis Prud'homme, Martin Brochu, Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret, Jean-Marc Lavoie, Éric Doucet
PURPOSE: The association between the energy density (ED) of foods and adiposity has been reported previously. However, whether the contribution of ED to adiposity remains significant when controlled for energy intake (EI) and physical activity energy expenditure (PAEE) remains to be clearly established. We aimed to investigate the independent contribution of ED to variations in body composition in women during the menopausal transition. METHODS: Sixty-seven women from the MONET cohort study were analyzed...
October 25, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
Margit Juhász, Megan Rogge, Mary Chen, Annette Czernik, Soo Jung Kim, Lauren Geller
This is a case report of a 16-year-old girl recently diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who presented with multiple blisters on the face, hands, arms, legs, trunk, and vaginal and oral mucosa. Skin biopsy was consistent with bullous SLE (BSLE). Dapsone is often the first-line treatment option for BSLE, but the patient's history of anemia and leukopenia and long-term immunosuppression requirement for her systemic symptoms raised concerns about dapsone and bone marrow toxicity, especially hemolytic anemia and agranulocytosis...
October 25, 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
Sharon Grundfest-Broniatowski, JingLiang Yan, Matthew Kroh, Holly Kilim, Andrew Stephenson
Familial partial lipodystrophy type 2 (FPLD2) is a rare disorder associated with LMNA gene mutations. It is usually marked by loss of subcutaneous fat on the limbs and trunk and severe insulin resistance. Scattered reports have indicated that Roux-en-Y bypass helps to control the diabetes mellitus in these patients. We present here a very unusual patient with FPLD2 who had life-threatening retroperitoneal and renal fat accumulation accompanied by bilateral renal cancers. Following cryotherapy of one renal cancer and a contralateral nephrectomy with debulking of the retroperitoneal fat, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) has successfully controlled the disease for 3 years...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
T Gambichler, U Wieland, S Silling, M Dreißigacker, J Schaller, H-J Schulze, F Oellig, A Kreuter, M Stücker, F G Bechara, E Stockfleth, J C Becker
BACKGROUND: Lateral distribution of cancer has been observed previously. Most evident is this laterality in ultraviolet (UV)-induced skin cancer, based on an unequally distributed UV exposure. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore whether patients from Germany also show asymmetrical lateral distribution of Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC). METHODS: In total, 115 patients with MCC were studied for laterality of the primary tumour. Correlation of clinical variables with lateral distribution of MCC was investigated as well...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Yongwei Pan, Leung-Kim Hung
Purpose The terminal branches of the posterior interosseous nerve (PIN) are the main articular branch on the dorsal aspect of the wrist. Its relationship to dorsal wrist arthroscopic portals has not yet been elucidated. The purpose of this study was to quantitatively describe the anatomical relationships between the dorsal wrist arthroscopic portals and the PIN. Methods Dorsal wrist arthroscopic portals were established in 28 cadaver extremities, after which the limbs were dissected. Measurements were taken from the portals to the PIN...
November 2016: Journal of Wrist Surgery
Jaya Uppal, Stanislaw Sobotka, Arthur L Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Multiple causes outside the spine can mimic spinal back pain. Endometriosis is an important gynecological disorder, which commonly affects the lower region of the female pelvis and less frequently the spine and soft tissues. The lumbosacral trunk is vulnerable to pressure from any abdominal mass originating from the uterus and the ovaries. Therefore symptoms of endometriosis include severe reoccurring pain in the pelvic area as well as lower back and abdominal pain. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report on a 39 year old gymnast with cyclic sciatica and back pain, whose initial presentation initially led to a spinal fusion at L4/5 and L5/S1, but that procedure did not change her symptoms...
October 21, 2016: World Neurosurgery
J Haddad, E Kalbacher, M Piccard, S Aubry, L Chaigneau, J Pauchot
GOALS OF STUDY: A multidisciplinary meeting (RCP) dedicated to the treatment of sarcoma was established in Franche-Comte in 2010. The goals of the study are: (a) To evaluate the treatment of sarcomas by confrontation with the existing literature; (b) To evaluate the influence of the multidisciplinary meeting on the management of sarcomas by hospitals at the regional level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective single center study from 2010 to 2015 on patients with sarcoma and peripheral soft tissue drawn from a Netsarc database (National Network of sarcomas) and communicating cancer record...
October 21, 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Shantanu Dixit, Chaithra Kalkur, Atul P Sattur, Michael M Bornstein, Fred Melton
BACKGROUND: Scleroderma is a chronic connective tissue disorder with unknown etiology. It is characterized by excessive deposition of extracellular matrix in the connective tissues causing vascular disturbances which can result in tissue hypoxia. These changes are manifested as atrophy of the skin and/or mucosa, subcutaneous tissue, muscles, and internal organs. Such changes can be classified into two types, namely, morphea (localized) and diffuse (systemic). Morphea can manifest itself as hemifacial atrophy (Parry-Romberg syndrome) although this remains debatable...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Chang-Ling Hu, Juan Xiong, Peng Xu, Ke-Jun Cheng, Guo-Xun Yang, Jin-Feng Hu
During a further and comprehensive phytochemical investigation on the shed trunk barks of the critically endangered plant Abies beshanzuensis, one new (1) and ten known (2-11) lignans with diverse structures were isolated. On the basis of spectroscopic methods, the new structure was established to be (7S,8R,8'R)-4'-methoxyl-α-conidendrin (1). Among the isolated lignans, (-)-matairesinol (5) and (-)-arctigenin (6) showed significant anti-neuroinflammatory activities by inhibiting the overproduction of nitric oxide in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated murine BV-2 microglial cells, with IC50 values of 11...
October 23, 2016: Natural Product Research
Christoph Schulze, Michael Becker, Susanne Finze, Christoph Holtherm, Jens Hinder, Andreas Lison
Occupational health promotion is an effective tool to improve the state of health of employees. As part of occupational health promotion in the German Bundeswehr, top-ranking military executives are offered a medical examination and training programme. Health-related data is collected as a basis for training and lifestyle counselling. This data was subjected to a retrospective evaluation in order to identify occupational risk factors and their correlation with cardiovascular resilience, trunk strength, and the development of orthopaedic and internal disorders...
2016: TheScientificWorldJournal
Tomoki Hirunagi, Katsunori Sato, Masahiko Fujino, Keiko Tanaka, Yoji Goto, Kazuo Mano
The patient was a 61-year-old woman with thyroid enlargement since her 20s. She began to fall down repeatedly towards the end of June 2015. She was admitted to our hospital in the middle of August because of difficulty in walking. Upon admission, she presented with neck tremor and was unable to maintain a sitting position due to ataxia of the trunk and limbs. We studied serum anti-neuronal antibodies and obtained a positive result for anti-amphiphysin antibody (AMPH-Ab). Cerebrospinal fluid analysis revealed elevated protein levels and IgG index...
October 21, 2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Judson A Moore, Antonio G Cabrera, Jeffrey J Kim, Santiago O Valdés, Caridad de la Uz, Christina Y Miyake
Follow-up data and correlation of arrhythmias, electrocardiogram (ECG) changes, and cardiac function in anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary trunk or artery have not been previously studied. This is a retrospective single-center review of 44 anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary trunk or artery patients diagnosed between 1992 and 2014, at a median age of 3 months (3 days to 13 years). Clinical history, ECG, Holter, and echocardiogram data were reviewed. ECGs were reviewed for contiguous Q-or T-wave inversions, hypertrophy, bundle branch block, and axis deviation...
September 23, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
Takuya Sekiguchi, Yoshihiro Hagiwara, Haruki Momma, Masahiro Tsuchiya, Kaoru Kuroki, Kenji Kanazawa, Yutaka Yabe, Masashi Koide, Nobuyuki Itaya, Eiji Itoi, Ryoichi Nagatomi
PURPOSE: Serious arm injuries in youth baseball players have been increasing. Though a breakage in the kinetic chain could affect arm injuries, an association between arm injuries and insufficient support of the trunk and lower extremities is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association of low back and knee pain with elbow and/or shoulder complaints among youth baseball players. METHODS: A self-administered questionnaire and document informed consent were mailed to youth athletes belonging to the Miyagi Amateur Sports Association...
October 22, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Jesse V Jacobs, Carrie L Roy, Juvena R Hitt, Roman E Popov, Sharon M Henry
This study sought to determine the effects of chronic low back pain (LBP) on the cortical evoked potentials, muscle activation, and kinematics of postural responses to perturbations of standing balance. Thirteen subjects with chronic, recurrent, non-specific LBP and 13 subjects without LBP participated. The subjects responded to unpredictably timed postural perturbations while standing on a platform that randomly rotated either "toes up" or "toes down". Electroencephalography (EEG) was used to calculate the negative peak (N1) and subsequent positive peak (P2) amplitudes of the perturbation evoked cortical potentials...
October 19, 2016: Neuroscience
Esra Bulut, Idris Sargin, Ozlem Arslan, Mehmet Odabasi, Bahar Akyuz, Murat Kaya
Isolation of structurally intact chitin samples for biotechnological applications has gained much recent attention. So far, three-dimensional chitin isolates have been obtained from only diplopods and sponges. In this study, three-dimensional chitin isolates were obtained from the body parts of centipede Scolopendra sp. (antennae, head, forcipule, collum, trunk, trunk legs and last pair of legs) without leading to structural failure. FT-IR spectra of chitin isolates confirmed that chitin samples are in α allomorph...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Aya Murakami, Daisuke Kobayashi, Toshio Kubota, Niina Zukeyama, Haru Mukae, Norihiro Furusyo, Mosaburo Kainuma, Takao Shimazoe
BACKGROUND: In Japanese Kampo medical practice, suidoku (fluid disturbance) is one of the most important concepts for selecting the proper medication. Suidoku is an excessive or uneven distribution of fluid that is indicated by splashing sounds and pitting edema. However, few objective reports about suidoku have been published. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) uses resistance values obtained from weak electrical currents to estimate body composition, including intracellular and extracellular water and muscle and fat mass...
October 22, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Doris Franke, Rena Steffens, Lena Thomas, Leo Pavičić, Thurid Ahlenstiel, Lars Pape, Jutta Gellermann, Dominik Müller, Uwe Querfeld, Dieter Haffner, Miroslav Živičnjak
BACKGROUND: Children with chronic kidney disease are frequently born small for gestational age (SGA) and prone to disproportionately short stature. It is unclear how SGA affects growth after kidney transplantation (KTx). METHODS: Linear growth (height, sitting height, and leg length) was prospectively investigated in a cohort of 322 pediatric KTx recipients, with a mean follow-up of 4.9 years. Sitting height index (ratio of sitting height to total body height) was used to assess body proportions...
October 21, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Borisav Stojanović, Ljiljana Vasović, Slobodan Vlajković, Milena Trandafilović, Marija Mladenović
A specificity of the vertebrobasilar system (VBS) is a convergent junction of paired vertebral arteries (VAs) in the basilar artery (BA) usually at the level of bulbopontine sulcus on the ventral side of the rhombencephalon. We revealed multiple VBS variations (a high junction of both VAs, absence of posterior inferior cerebellar arteries, short and ectatic BA, hypoplasia and initial duplication of the left anterior inferior cerebellar artery, and bilateral common trunks of the posterior cerebral and superior cerebellar arteries) in a 52-year-old male that routinely autopsied at the Institute of Forensic Medicine...
October 21, 2016: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Claudiu Nistor, Daniel P Fudulu, Daniel Pantile, Teodor Horvat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Christian Tröbinger, Christian J Wiedermann
OBJECTIVE: To describe the association of bodybuilding abdominal exercise with the development of superficial sclerosing thrombophlebitis of the anterolateral thoracoabdominal wall. DESIGN: A single case study. SETTING: University-affiliated regional community hospital. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 54-year-old man presented with an otherwise unremarkable past medical history 4 weeks after the start of left-sided chest discomfort...
September 4, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
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