keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Forensic Medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926821/autopsies-in-the-elderly-erzurum-study
#1
Ozge Timur, Pinar Tosun Tasar, Merve Gulsah Ulusoy, Azem Irez, Filiz Yildirim, Dogan Nasir Binici, Sevnaz Sahin, Ahmet Nezih Kok
INTRODUCTION: Clinical and forensic autopsies are the best methods for determining cause of death. The aim of this study was to determine demographic and etiologic characteristics in geriatric forensic cases analyzed in Erzurum, Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Autopsy reports and prosecution documents of decedents aged 65 and older autopsied in the Morgue Specialization Department of the Forensic Medicine Institute, Erzurum Division between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2015 were screened retrospectively...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926779/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-associated-injuries-in-still-newborns-infants-and-toddlers-in-a-german-forensic-collective
#2
B Ondruschka, C Baier, M Siekmeyer, C Buschmann, J Dreßler, M Bernhard
INTRODUCTION: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may lead to injuries. Forensic experts are sometimes confronted with claims that fatal injuries were caused by chest compressions during CPR rather than by assaults. We want to answer, how often CPR-associated injuries are present in younger children and if they may mimic injuries caused by abuse. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All autopsy records of the Institute of Legal Medicine in Leipzig, Germany in a 6-year study period were used (2011-2016)...
September 12, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923026/dementia-and-cognitive-disorder-identified-at-a-forensic-psychiatric-examination-a-study-from-sweden
#3
Anette Ekström, Marianne Kristiansson, Karin Sparring Björkstén
BACKGROUND: Few studies have addressed the relationship between dementia and crime. We conducted a study of persons who got a primary or secondary diagnosis of dementia or cognitive disorder in a forensic psychiatric examination. METHODS: In Sweden, annually about 500 forensic psychiatric examinations are carried out. All cases from 2008 to 2010 with the diagnoses dementia or cognitive disorder were selected from the database of the Swedish National Board of Forensic Medicine...
September 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922654/student-s-perception-about-innovative-teaching-learning-practices-in-forensic-medicine
#4
Sanjay Gupta, Utsav N Parekh, Jaishree D Ganjiwale
BACKGROUND: Since decades, Forensic Medicine is mainly taught by didactic methods but in last couple of years some other teachinglearning and assessment methods are also introduced at some places which also lacks uniformity. Feedback from learners is most fundamental aspect to assess effectiveness of applied methods, but is not implemented in practice at most medical schools in India. Unfortunately, medical students are deprived of this practical empowerment and thus may not be efficient enough to contribute potentially to the justice system during their professional life...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917762/full-validation-of-a-method-for-the-determination-of-drugs-of-abuse-in-non-mineralized-dental-biofilm-using-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-and-application-to-postmortem-samples
#5
Kerstin Henkel, Markus J Altenburger, Volker Auwärter, Merja A Neukamm
Alternative matrices play a major role in postmortem forensic toxicology, especially if common matrices (like body fluids or hair) are not available. Incorporation of illicit and medicinal drugs into non-mineralized dental biofilm (plaque) seems likely but has not been investigated so far. Analysis of plaque could therefore extend the spectrum of potentially used matrices in postmortem toxicology. For this reason, a rapid, simple and sensitive method for the extraction, determination and quantification of ten drugs of abuse from plaque using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was developed and fully validated...
January 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916405/love-death-a-retrospective-and-prospective-follow-up-mortality-study-over-45-years
#6
Lena Lange, Barbra Zedler, Marcel A Verhoff, Markus Parzeller
BACKGROUND: Although sexual activity can cause moderate stress, it can cause natural death in individuals with pre-existing illness. The aim of this study was to identify additional pre-existing health problems, sexual practices, and potential circumstances that may trigger fatal events. METHODS: This medicolegal postmortem, retrospective, and prospective study is based on data of autopsies performed at the Institute of Legal Medicine of the University hospital, Goethe-University, Frankfurt/Main, Germany...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904546/evidence-based-draft-guideline-for-prevention-of-midwifery-malpractices-based-on-referred-cases-to-the-forensic-medicine-commission-and-the-medical-council-from-2006-2011
#7
Leila Asadi, Marjan Beigi, Mahbube Valiani, Fardin Mardani
BACKGROUND: Medical errors are the main concerns in health systems, which considering their ascending rate in the recent years, especially in the field of midwifery, have caused a medical crisis. Considering the importance of evidence-based health services as a way to improve health systems, the aim of this study was to suggest a guideline for preventing malpractice in midwifery services. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study that was conducted in 2013, we investigated 206 cases that were referred to the Isfahan Legal Medicine Organization and Medical Council of Forensic Medicine from 2006-2011...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889247/guidelines-for-autopsy-investigation-of-sudden-cardiac-death-2017-update-from-the-association-for-european-cardiovascular-pathology
#8
Cristina Basso, Beatriz Aguilera, Jytte Banner, Stephan Cohle, Giulia d'Amati, Rosa Henriques de Gouveia, Cira di Gioia, Aurelie Fabre, Patrick J Gallagher, Ornella Leone, Joaquin Lucena, Lubov Mitrofanova, Pilar Molina, Sarah Parsons, Stefania Rizzo, Mary N Sheppard, Maria Paz Suárez Mier, S Kim Suvarna, Gaetano Thiene, Allard van der Wal, Aryan Vink, Katarzyna Michaud
Although sudden cardiac death (SCD) is one of the most important modes of death in Western countries, pathologists and public health physicians have not given this problem the attention it deserves. New methods of preventing potentially fatal arrhythmias have been developed and the accurate diagnosis of the causes of SCD is now of particular importance. Pathologists are responsible for determining the precise cause and mechanism of sudden death but there is still considerable variation in the way in which they approach this increasingly complex task...
September 9, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889143/a-nonrandom-sample-of-55-sexual-abuse-cases-in-sivas
#9
Celal Butun, Ali Yildirim, Erdal Ozer, Eda Yilmaz, Seda Aybuke Sari
BACKGROUND Sexual abuse in childhood is a significant public health problem because of the destructive results both to the individual and to the community. The aim of this study was to examine the sociodemographic characteristics of children who were victims of sexual abuse, the relationship of the victim and abuser, and the findings of sexual abuse. MATERIAL AND METHODS An examination was made of the results of forensic medicine and psychiatric evaluations of child victims of sexual abuse. The sociodemographic characteristics of the cases and the characteristics of the incidents of sexual abuse were evaluated at the Forensic Medicine Department of Cumhuriyet University between 2013 and 2016...
September 10, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886494/the-elder-physical-abuse-reflected-in-judicial-authorities-in-eskisehir
#10
Kenan Karbeyaz, Adnan Çelikel
AIM: Elder abuse is a health and human rights problem that may occur among every race and ethnic group all around the world. This study aims at describing all cases of physical abuse of elderly which have been reported to, and investigated by Eskisehir - a western city of Turkey. METHODS: Physical abuse incidents above 65 years of age which were evaluated by the Eskisehir Council of Forensic Medicine for expert witness opinion during 5year period between 01.01.2010 and 12...
September 1, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885220/antidepressants-and-suicide-among-young-women-in-sweden-1999-2013
#11
Jan Larsson
OBJECTIVE: To establish whether the young women (15-24 year old) who committed suicide in Sweden (1999-2013) received antidepressant treatment or not, and to what extent, prior to and/or at the time of suicide. To investigate the belief that increased prescription of antidepressants would drastically reduce the number of suicides. METHODS: An analysis of data from the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register, the Causes of Death Register, with registers cross checked, and from the National Board of Forensic Medicine...
2017: International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873959/sudden-cardiac-death-among-the-young-in-sweden-from-2000-to-2010-an-autopsy-based-study
#12
Aase Wisten, Peter Krantz, Eva-Lena Stattin
Aims: To study the incidence and aetiology of sudden cardiac death (SCD) in 1- to 35-year-olds in Sweden from 2000 to 2010. Methods and results: We used the database of the Swedish National Board of Forensic Medicine and the Swedish Cause of Death Registry and identified SCD cases by review of forensic files and death certificates. We identified 552 individuals with SCD in 1- to 35-year-olds; 156 (28%) were women. In 393 (71%), a forensic autopsy had been performed; in 131 (24%), a clinical autopsy had been performed; in 28 (5%) with no autopsy, a cardiac disease was diagnosed before death...
August 1, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866283/traumatic-brain-injury-comparison-between-autopsy-and-ante-mortem-ct
#13
Stephanie Panzer, Lidia Covaliov, Peter Augat, Oliver Peschel
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare pathological findings after traumatic brain injury between autopsy and ante-mortem computed tomography (CT). A second aim was to identify changes in these findings between the primary posttraumatic CT and the last follow-up CT before death. METHODS: Through the collaboration between clinical radiology and forensic medicine, 45 patients with traumatic brain injury were investigated. These patients had undergone ante-mortem CT as well as autopsy...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852995/-key-topics-in-austrian-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-2007-2017
#14
Andreas Karwautz, Cvetka F Lipuš, Martin Fuchs
The medical speciality "Child and Adolescent Psychiatry" exists since 2007. 2015 a new training regulation defined an increment to "Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapeutic Medicine". To document the achievements in research within the last 10 years for the first time, all papers listed in Pubmed and all books published by the member of the ÖGKJP were summarized. Additionally, the clinical/scientific key aspects of all large teaching centres were documented.All members of the ÖGKJP are scientifically active in various areas of child psychiatry...
August 30, 2017: Neuropsychiatrie: Klinik, Diagnostik, Therapie und Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852656/preconception-care-in-therapeutic-abortion-applicants
#15
Farzaneh Shirmohammadi, Nafisehsadat Nekuei, Parvin Bahadoran, Gita Montazery
BACKGROUND: Some risk factors that would lead to therapeutic abortion do even exist before pregnancy and could be resolved or corrected through appropriate interventions. The present study was conducted to evaluate the condition of preconception care among therapeutic abortion applicants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This research was a descriptive, cross-sectional study that was conducted on 200 applicants for therapeutic abortion at the Forensics Medicine Center of Isfahan (Iran) who were selected convenience sampling from October 2014 to March 2015...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846915/humanitarian-forensic-action-its-origins-and-future
#16
Stephen Cordner, Morris Tidball-Binz
Humanitarian forensic action is the application of the knowledge and skills of forensic medicine and science to humanitarian action, especially following conflicts or disasters. It has its early roots in the experience of the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team and that of the Grandmothers of Plaza de Mayo in Argentina, is moulded by International Humanitarian and Human Rights Law and was developed by the International Committee of the Red Cross. Having demonstrated its worth, this new field of application of forensic medicine and science needs further development, integration and research...
August 20, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834545/sex-estimation-from-human-cranium-forensic-and-anthropological-interest-of-maxillary-sinus-volumes
#17
Thomas Radulesco, Justin Michel, Julien Mancini, Patrick Dessi, Pascal Adalian
Sex estimation is a key objective of forensic science. We aimed to establish whether maxillary sinus volumes (MSV) could assist in estimating an individual's sex. One hundred and three CT scans were included. MSV were determined using three-dimensional reconstructions. Two observers performed three-dimensional MSV reconstructions using the same methods. Intra- and interobserver reproducibility were statistically compared using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) (α = 5%). Both intra- and interobserver reproducibility were perfect regarding MSV; both ICCs were 100%...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832253/suicides-by-drowning-in-greece-findings-from-a-10-year-sample-2006-2015
#18
Antonios Paraschakis, Ioannis Michopoulos, Vasiliki Efstathiou, Christos Christodoulou, Ilias Boyokas, Athanassios Douzenis
We studied a sample of suicide victims from Greece's main port of Piraeus area (population: approx. 700,000 individuals) and investigated all suicides for the 10-year period 2006-2015, collecting data from the victims' forensic records at the Piraeus Department of Forensic Medicine. Sixty-nine (15.9%) out of 435 suicides were due to drowning, 51 (73.9%) males and 18 (26.1%) females. Drowning was the third most common suicide method with most in the sea (92.8%), fewer in wells (7.2%). Median age: males 52.2 years (standard deviation (SD): 20...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828513/-postmortem-imaging-procedures-experiences-and-perspectives
#19
REVIEW
S von Stillfried, P Isfort, R Knüchel-Clarke
Autopsies are of key importance for the understanding of the anatomy, pathophysiology and pathomorphology. In forensic medicine, the virtual autopsy is a standard instrument in autopsy practice. The advantage of postmortem imaging is the generation of a three-dimensional pre-autopsy snapshot of the body from head to toe with excellent visualization of skeletal pathologies and air inclusions. When angiography is performed, pathologies of the cardiovascular system can additionally be evaluated. The shortcomings of postmortem imaging are the low soft tissue contrast with CT imaging, the lack of haptic, olfactory and color impressions...
August 21, 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827844/post-mortem-computed-tomography-angiography-using-left-ventricle-cardiac-puncture-a-whole-body-angiographic-approach
#20
Yu Shao, Lei Wan, Jianhua Zhang, Zhengdong Li, Ningguo Liu, Ping Huang, Donghua Zou, Yijiu Chen
Post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT) and PMCT angiography (PMCTA) are rapidly becoming effective and practical methods in forensic medicine. In this article, the authors introduce a whole-body PMCTA approach involving left ventricle cardiac puncture. This procedure was performed in 9 males and 3 females. PMCT was performed first. Then a biopsy core needle was used for a percutaneous puncture into the left ventricle through the intercostal area under CT guidance. 1000 mL of contrast media (diatrizoate meglumine and normal saline [0...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
5746
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"