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Forensic Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343872/-duties-and-liabilities-for-psychiatrists
#1
Anna Coluccia, Giulia Nucci, Alessandro Cuomo, Matteo Benvenuti, Felice Carabellese, Andrea Fagiolini, Mario Gabbrielli
This paper evaluates forensic duties and liabilities for psychiatrists, based on the current literature and based on our experience over several years of forensic medicine practice, involving both criminal and civil cases. We evaluated different scenarios, including cases of patients dangerous to themselves or others. We highlighted the importance to keep adequate and detailed clinical records, both in the inpatient and outpatient setting, given the absence of other objective items (e.g., laboratory records or other instrumental assessments) that may be of help for the judge and his/her counselors...
November 2017: Rivista di Psichiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339839/trends-in-trauma-related-mortality-among-adolescents-a-6-year-snapshot-from-a-teaching-hospital-s-post-mortem-data
#2
Sachil Kumar, Anoop K Verma
Introduction: The aim is to explore the trends in trauma mortality in children aged 0-18 years can help to co-ordinate resources toward research and programs to reduce the burden. Methods: This is a retrospective study carried out on adolescents ≤18 years of age autopsied according to the attorney request at Forensic Medicine & Toxicology department of King George's Medical University, Lucknow, India in the period from January 1st, 2009 to December 31st, 2014...
November 2017: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335777/fully-automatic-ct-histogram-based-fat-estimation-in-dead-bodies
#3
Michael Hubig, Sebastian Schenkl, Holger Muggenthaler, Felix Güttler, Andreas Heinrich, Ulf Teichgräber, Gita Mall
Post-mortem body cooling is the foundation of temperature-based death time estimations (TDE) in homicide cases. Forensic science generally provides two types of p.m. body cooling models, the phenomenological and the physical models. Since both of them have to implement important individual parameters like the quantity of abdominal fat explicitly or implicitly, a more exact quantification and localization of abdominal fat is a desideratum in TDE. Particularly for the physical models, a better knowledge of the abdominal fat distribution could lead to relevant improvements in TDEs...
January 15, 2018: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331714/stature-estimation-formulae-for-mexican-contemporary-population-a-sample-based-study-of-long-bones
#4
Antinea Menéndez Garmendia, Gabriela Sánchez-Mejorada, Jorge A Gómez-Valdés
Stature estimation is an important step to create a biological profile for human identification of unknown individuals in forensic anthropological practice, and it is well known that the long bone length is highly correlated with this feature. The purpose of the present study is to develop formulae for height estimation, based on simple linear regression model for humerus, femur and tibia in Mexican contemporary population. Stature was taken in 56 males and 30 female corpses as well as maximum length of three long bones of the limbs after autopsy following the Menéndez et al...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324320/first-survey-of-forensically-important-insects-from-human-corpses-in-shiraz-iran
#5
Mohammad D Moemenbellah-Fard, Davood Keshavarzi, Mehran Fereidooni, Aboozar Soltani
The presence of insects on human cadavers has potential judicial value in medicolegal cases. This research emphasized the important role of insects in postmortem decomposition. It was conducted to investigate the composition and abundance of insects from human corpses during autopsies in legal medicine. It was implemented in the city of Shiraz, south Iran. Insects associated with human corpses were carefully collected and put into labelled vials. They were then identified using valid taxonomic keys. Fifteen outdoor (67%) and indoor discovered cadavers were examined...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318893/cross-polarised-and-parallel-polarised-light-viewing-and-photography-for-examination-and-documentation-of-biological-materials-in-medicine-and-forensics
#6
Katharine L Hanlon
Cross-polarisation, with regard to visible light, is a process wherein two polarisers with perpendicular orientation to one another are used on the incident and reflected lights. Under cross-polarised light birefringent structures which are otherwise invisible become apparent. Cross-polarised light eliminates glare and specular highlights, allowing for an unobstructed view of subsurface pathology. Parallel-polarisation occurs when the polarisers are rotated to the same orientation. When cross- or parallel-polarisation is applied to photography, images can be generated which aid in visualisation of surface and subsurface elements...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Visual Communication in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310628/a-decade-of-road-traffic-fatalities-among-the-elderly-in-north-west-iran
#7
Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Bahram Samadirad, Farnaz Moslemi
BACKGROUND: Iran has a uniquely catastrophic status for road traffic injury incidence and fatality. The elderly account for a substantial number of the hospitalizations and fatalities due to traffic injuries. The aim of this study was to investigate the crash mechanisms and medical outcomes of traffic fatalities among the elderly in East Azerbaijan province of Iran during the period 2006-2016. METHODS: A total of 9435 fatalities registered in East Azerbaijan forensic medicine database, Iran, during 2006-2016, were investigated...
January 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306238/the-relationship-between-nonsuicidal-self-injurious-behavior-and-manners-of-death-a-multicenter-autopsy-study
#8
Sait Özsoy, Hacer Yaşar Teke, Hüseyin Çetin Ketenci, Ertuğrul Gök, Kenan Karbeyaz, Taner Akar, Hanife Alkurt Alkan, Mesut Akyol, Mehmet Ayhan Cöngöloğlu, Sermet Sezigen, Ahmet Zahit Dursun, Alper Özkök, Serhat Sarı
Background/aim: This study aimed to determine the relationship between nonsuicidal self-injurious behavior (NSSIB) and manners of death.Materials and methods: This study retrospectively evaluated 6604 autopsy cases evaluated at forensic medicine institutes of six major cities of Turkey. The study group consisted of all cases with NSSIB findings. The control group was created from cases without signs of NSSIB. Results: We found that the numbers of possible suicide and homicide cases in the NSSIB (+) group were significantly higher than in the NSSIB (-) group...
December 19, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306229/morphometric-analysis-of-the-foramen-magnum-using-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#9
Gülsün Akay, Kahraman Güngör, İlkay Peker
Background/aim: The aim of this study was to perform morphometric analysis of the foramen magnum (FM) using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and methods: This study included CBCT images of 190 individuals (88 males and 102 females). The sagittal and transverse diameters and circumference of the FM were measured. The shape of FM was classified as round, hexagonal, oval, egg-shaped, tetragonal, pentagonal, irregular A, and irregular B. The data were statistically analyzed with chi-square and t-tests to assess the level of significance for sex and age...
December 19, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298708/case-study-of-a-user-driven-prosthetic-arm-design-bionic-hand-versus-customized-body-powered-technology-in-a-highly-demanding-work-environment
#10
Wolf Schweitzer, Michael J Thali, David Egger
BACKGROUND: Prosthetic arm research predominantly focuses on "bionic" but not body-powered arms. However, any research orientation along user needs requires sufficiently precise workplace specifications and sufficiently hard testing. Forensic medicine is a demanding environment, also physically, also for non-disabled people, on several dimensions (e.g., distances, weights, size, temperature, time). METHODS: As unilateral below elbow amputee user, the first author is in a unique position to provide direct comparison of a "bionic" myoelectric iLimb Revolution (Touch Bionics) and a customized body-powered arm which contains a number of new developments initiated or developed by the user: (1) quick lock steel wrist unit; (2) cable mount modification; (3) cast shape modeled shoulder anchor; (4) suspension with a soft double layer liner (Ohio Willowwood) and tube gauze (Molnlycke) combination...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294707/physical-violence-against-children-and-adolescents-in-porto-a-5-year-study
#11
Humberto Gomes Vidal, Inês Morais Caldas, Arnaldo de França Caldas, Luiz Gutenberg Toledo de Miranda Coelho Júnior, Eliane Helena Alvim de Souza, Maria Lurdes Pereira
The aim of the present study was to analyze the prevalence of physical violence against children and adolescents (PVCA) in a 5-year period in the city of Porto, Portugal. All forensic reports between 2009 and 2013 in the clinical services of the North Branch of the National Institute of Legal Medicine and forensic sciences were analyzed. Victims were classified according to sex, age, relationship with perpetrator, traumatic consequences of the event, and year of occurrence. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS (Version 22...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275562/-research-progress-of-olfactory-event-related-potential-and-its-forensic-application
#12
REVIEW
J Sun, L H Fan, X Liu, F Chen
Olfaction is one of the basic feelings, which plays an important role in appetite, warning of danger and emotion regulation, etc. More and more studies have shown that olfactory dysfunction may affect quality of human life. Thus, the attention of olfactory dysfunction is increasing. There are many subjective and objective methods for olfactory function detection, and olfactory event-related potential (OERP) is a more objective method. This article reviews the development, testing and analysing methods and clinical research of OERP, and explores its application prospects in forensic clinical medicine...
October 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275561/-application-of-rt-qpcr-in-the-study-of-forensic-pathology
#13
REVIEW
S H Du, D R Li, H J Wang, Q Wang
Reverse transcription quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) is a convenient and highly efficient method for the detection of mRNA in tissues or body fluid samples. It has the characteristics of easy operation, high sensitivity and specificity, etc. With a wide application in medicine, biology and other fields, RT-qPCR technique has made some progresses in the research field of forensic pathology. This paper reviews the application value of RT-qPCR in the study of forensic pathology and current situation, as well as the research progress at home and abroad reviews...
October 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275552/-forensic-analysis-of-6-cases-of-sudden-death-due-to-hyperthyroid-heart-disease
#14
M Z Zhang, B X Li, R Zhao, D W Guan, G H Zhang, X Wu, B L Zhu, R B Li
OBJECTIVES: To analyse the cases of sudden death due to hyperthyroid heart disease, and explore the general information of deaths and the forensic pathological characteristics to provide reference evidence for forensic identification of such cases. METHODS: Six cases of sudden death due to hyperthyroid heart disease between 2001 and 2016 were selected from School of Forensic Medicine, China Medical University. The general information (gender and age), clinical manifestations, medical history, anatomical and histopathological findings, biochemical parameters and cause of death were analysed retrospectively...
October 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275549/-research-progress-of-sudden-cardiac-death-in-forensic-medicine
#15
REVIEW
D Zheng, K Yin, J J Zheng, N Zhou, Y Liu, X Fu, J D Cheng
Sudden death (SD) is a special kind of death owing to disease, which severely threatening the lives of community population. As the most common type of SD, sudden cardiac death (SCD) has always been a crucial content of identification and research in forensic pathology. This article reviews the research progress from the aspects of epidemiology, morphology, molecular pathology and virtual anatomy of SCD in forensic medicine, so as to provide a reference for the morphological identification, determination of cause of death, and integrated control of this kind of SD...
October 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274706/recent-advances-in-mass-spectrometry-based-approaches-for-proteomics-and-biologics-great-contribution-for-developing-therapeutic-antibodies
#16
REVIEW
Noriko Iwamoto, Takashi Shimada
Since the turn of the century, mass spectrometry (MS) technologies have continued to improve dramatically, and advanced strategies that were impossible a decade ago are increasingly becoming available. The basic characteristics behind these advancements are MS resolution, quantitative accuracy, and information science for appropriate data processing. The spectral data from MS contain various types of information. The benefits of improving the resolution of MS data include accurate molecular structural-derived information, and as a result, we can obtain a refined biomolecular structure determination in a sequential and large-scale manner...
December 21, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273824/accuracy-of-the-third-molar-maturity-index-in-assessing-the-legal-age-of-18%C3%A2-years-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Bianca Marques Santiago, Leopoldina Almeida, Yuri Wanderley Cavalcanti, Marcela Baraúna Magno, Lucianne Cople Maia
The age estimation is a complex procedure required in the daily practice of legal medicine. The maturity of third molars stands out by the age of 18 because these teeth are still in development. This systematic review aimed to assess the accuracy of the third molar maturity index (I 3M), proposed by Cameriere et al. (2008), in discriminating whether an individual is under or over 18 years. Seven electronic databases were screened: PubMed, Scopus, ISI Web of Science, Cochrane Library, LILACS, SIGLE, and CAPES...
December 22, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260394/validation-and-evaluation-of-measuring-methods-for-the-3d-documentation-of-external-injuries-in-the-field-of-forensic-medicine
#18
Ursula Buck, Kirsten Buße, Lorenzo Campana, Christian Schyma
Three-dimensional (3D) measurement techniques are gaining importance in many areas. The latest developments brought more cost-effective, user-friendly, and faster technologies onto the market. Which 3D techniques are suitable in the field of forensic medicine and what are their advantages and disadvantages? This wide-ranging study evaluated and validated various 3D measurement techniques for the forensic requirements. High-tech methods as well as low-budget systems have been tested and compared in terms of accuracy, ease of use, expenditure of time, mobility, cost, necessary knowhow, and their limitations...
December 19, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231027/-research-progress-on-forensic-dentistry
#19
REVIEW
F Liu, Y H Dang
Forensic dentistry is an interdiscipline of forensic medicine and stomatology, which provides legal information by collecting, testing and assessing the dental evidence scientifically. In this review, the present application of forensic dentistry has been described, such as the estimation of age, sex, species, occupation and living habit, as well as the identification of individual, domestic violence or abuse, which aims to enrich and improve forensic dentistry for making it be more useful in forensic medicine even in juridical practice...
April 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231011/-research-progress-of-the-relationship-between-sunds-and-osahs
#20
REVIEW
Y D Wu, L Y Zhang, J D Cheng
Sudden unexplained nocturnal death syndrome (SUNDS) is always a difficulty in forensic medicine researches. Although the development of molecular genetics promotes the etiologic study of SUNDS, the pathogenesis of most such cases is still unclear. Sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) is one of the common forms of sleep disorders, and obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is the most common. In recent years, some domestic and international researches show that OSAHS is related to the development of cardiovascular disease, which may cause cardiac arrhythmia, even sudden death...
February 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
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