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Forensic Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732316/a-user-friendly-technical-set-up-for-infrared-photography-of-forensic-findings
#1
Thomas Rost, Nicole Kalberer, Eva Scheurer
Infrared photography is interesting for a use in forensic science and forensic medicine since it reveals findings that normally are almost invisible to the human eye. Originally, infrared photography has been made possible by the placement of an infrared light transmission filter screwed in front of the camera objective lens. However, this set-up is associated with many drawbacks such as the loss of the autofocus function, the need of an external infrared source, and long exposure times which make the use of a tripod necessary...
July 10, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731649/opinions-of-members-of-the-national-civil-family-proceedings-and-criminal-courts-in-withholding-or-withdrawing-of-life-support-situations-in-pediatrics
#2
Jorge O Selandari, María S Ciruzzi, Adriel J Roitman, Fernanda Ledesma, Célica Menéndez, Hernán O García
INTRODUCTION: The possibility of sustaining life functions makes it difficult to distinguish between a dying patient and a patient with chances of survival, raising a dilemma for everyone around them. On the one side, continuing with life support techniques that would only extend an irreversible process and result in physical and psychological damage and harm their dignity. On the other side, withholding or withdrawing life support without an adequate reflection and diagnostic-therapeutic effort which may lead to the death of a potentially recoverable child...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730221/usefulness-of-ultrastructure-studies-for-the-estimation-of-the-postmortem-interval-a-systematic-review
#3
Sorin Hostiuc, Mugurel Constantin Rusu, Vasile Sorin Mănoiu, Alexandra Diana Vrapciu, IonuŢ Negoi, Maria Viorela Popescu
Establishing the postmortem interval (PMI) is vital in legal medicine as it allows to retrospectively estimate the hour of death, which is essential for the police as a starting point for their inquiries (especially in violent deaths). Ultrastructure studies aimed specifically to detect autolytic changes are scarcely identified in the scientific literature. Moreover, they are performed in a variety of conditions (different temperatures, species, in vitro ÷ in situ, and so on), making the results difficult to interpret for legal medicine purposes...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719379/critical-evaluation-of-metallization-in-electric-injury
#4
Sigitas Laima, Jana Bytautaite, Sigitas Chmieliauskas, Dmitrij Fomin, Algimantas Jasulaitis, Arturas Jukna, Sandra Mazeikiene, Jurgita Stasiuniene
The article presents 3 forensic medicine cases in the field of electric injury. In addition to traditional findings in electric injury (electric mark and histological findings), the forensic medicine experts in Lithuania also perform an atomic absorption spectrometry analysis. This method confirms the effects of electric current to the body through the electric conductor. Typical macroscopic finding in the skin is electric mark. Histologically, the damaged skin possesses characteristic features of thermal burns...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714407/update-of-standard-practices-for-new-method-validation-in-forensic-toxicology
#5
Sarah M R Wille, Wim Coucke, Thierry De Baere, Frank T Peters
: International agreement concerning validation guidelines is important as reporting reliable analytical data is the backbone of forensic bioanalytical research and applications. Guidelines such as those provided by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the European Medicines Agency (EMA), the German speaking Gesellschaft für Toxikologie und Forensische Chemie (GTFCH) and the Scientific Working Group of Forensic Toxicology (SWGTOX) provide a standard for fundamental validation parameters such as selectivity, matrix effects, method limits, calibration, accuracy and stability, as well as other parameters such as carryover, dilution integrity and incurred sample reanalysis...
July 14, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713099/-giving-medico-legal-opinions-in-cases-with-suspicion-of-medical-mistake-part-1-between-medicine-and-justice
#6
Czesław Chowaniec, Małgorzata Chowaniec, Mateusz Wilk
Creating medico-legal opinion is a sophisticated investigative, analytical, decision-making and creative process. Forensic medicine specialist in cooperation with clinical medicine consultants, on the basis of evidence analysis, which was gathered during procedures and contained in the acts has to create an objective and essential opinion. This opinion is a vital, very important and irreplaceable proof in every case. Judicial body consults with forensic medicine specialist or specialists if there are circumstances for settlement of which there is a need of classified informations - art...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709048/intentional-burn-injury-assessment-of-allegations-of-self-infliction
#7
Juliet Cohen, Jo Pettitt, Emily Wilbourn
This study investigates the question of whether there is evidence that suggests the possibility of self-infliction, or self-infliction by proxy, of burn injury among a group of asylum claimants in the UK who have attributed such injuries to torture, and how such evidence might be assessed. The question arose from the observations of doctors at the UK-based charity Freedom from Torture that increasing numbers of individuals from Sri Lanka who described a history of torture had suffered severe and disfiguring burn injuries from heated metal objects, and the suggestion from asylum decision-makers that in some cases such injuries could have been acquired deliberately by self-infliction or self-infliction by proxy rather than by torture as claimed...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700963/application-of-dip-strs-to-sexual-physical-assault-investigations-eight-case-reports
#8
Fabio Oldoni, Vincent Castella, Diana Hall
DIP-STRs are compound markers formed by a deletion/insertion polymorphism linked to a microsatellite. They enable the deconvolution of unbalanced DNA mixtures from two individuals, up to 1000 fold excess of one contributor. In practice, this novel tool allows to test for the presence of a DNA of interest in traces appearing not useful because of the masking effect of the major DNA contributor. Thus far two sets of DIP-STRs have been published: the first set was described as proof-of-principle, while the second set was specifically developed for forensic applications...
July 1, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698062/the-clandestine-multiple-graves-in-malaysia-the-first-mass-identification-operation-of-human-skeletal-remains
#9
Mohd Suhani Mohd Noor, Lay See Khoo, Wan Zafirah Zamaliana Alias, Ahmad Hafizam Hasmi, Mohamad Azaini Ibrahim, Mohd Shah Mahmood
The first ever mass identification operation of skeletal remains conducted for the clandestine graves in Malaysia consisted of 165 individuals unearthed from 28 human trafficking transit camps located in Wang Kelian, along the Thai-Malaysia border. A DVI response was triggered in which expert teams comprising of pathologists, anthropologists, odontologists, radiologists and DNA experts were gathered at the identified operation centre. The Department of Forensic Medicine, Hospital Sultanah Bahiyah, Alor Star, Kedah, located approximately 75km away from Wang Kelian, was temporarily converted into a victim identification centre (VIC) as it is the nearest available forensic facility to the mass grave site...
May 27, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697737/radiologic-evaluation-of-orbital-index-among-ghanaians-using-ct-scan
#10
Benard Ohene Botwe, Derick Seyram Sule, Abdul Mumin Ismael
BACKGROUND: Orbital index (OI) expresses the proportion of the orbital height to the orbital width and varies with race, regions within the same race and periods in evolution. This index is useful in forensic medicine, anthropology and surgery. However, the average OI among Ghanaian adults was unknown. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the orbital index of adult Ghanaians and classify them under one of the three predetermined groups. METHOD: The study design was a retrospective cross-sectional...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691950/posttraumatic-stress-and-burnout-symptoms-in-forensic-doctors-and-staff-in-a-mortuary
#11
İlhami Kömür, Rifat O Ozdemirel, İsmail Ozver, Bünyamin Başpinar, Muhammet Demir, Fatih Gönen, Eyüp Kandemir, Murat Emul
We aimed to investigate burnout and posttraumatic stress symptoms in mortuary staff members who work for the Council of Forensic Medicine where more than 4500 autopsies are annually performed.The data were collected from 142 mortuary staff members from the Council of Forensic Medicine, Turkey. The participants were divided into the following 4 groups: forensic medicine specialists (n = 40, 28.2%), forensic medicine residents (n = 54, 38.0%), autopsy technicians (n = 24, 16.9%), and other staff members (n = 24, 16...
July 4, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691766/detection-of-metabolites-of-the-new-synthetic-cannabinoid-cumyl-4cn-binaca-in-authentic-urine-samples-and-human-liver-microsomes-using-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry
#12
Yeter Erol Ozturk, Oya Yeter, Serkan Ozturk, Goksun Karakus, Ismail Ates, Yalçın Buyuk, Turkan Yurdun
CUMYL-4CN-BINACA(1-(4-cyanobutyl)-N-(2-phenylpropan-2-yl)-1H-indazole-3-carboxamide) is a recently introduced indazole-3-carboxamide type synthetic cannabinoid (SC) that was detected in herbal incense seized by of the Council of Forensic Medicine Istanbul Narcotics Department in May 2016 in Turkey. Recently introduced SCs are not detected in routine toxicological analysis; therefore, analytical methods to measure these compounds are in demand. The present study aims to identify urinary marker metabolites of CUMYL-4CN-BINACA by investigating its metabolism in human liver microsomes and to confirm the results in authentic urine samples (n=80)...
July 10, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690895/discrimination-between-drug-abuse-and-medical-therapy-case-report-of-a-tranylcypromine-overdose-related-fatality
#13
Maryam Akhgari, Farzaneh Jokar, Afshar Etemadi-Aleagha, Ali Ghasemi
Tranylcypromine is an effective antidepressant from the class of monoamine oxidase inhibitors and is structurally related to amphetamine. However, reports differ regarding the potential metabolism of tranylcypromine to amphetamine and methamphetamine within the human body. We report a 25-year-old woman with severe depression who died due to a fatal tranylcypromine overdose in 2016. She had been prescribed tranylcypromine one day previously and had no history of previous suicide attempts or substance abuse. The body was transferred to a forensic medicine department in Tehran, Iran for the autopsy...
May 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689029/course-constructions-a-case-base-of-forensic-toxicology
#14
Nan Zhou, Yeda Wu, Terry Su, Liyong Zhang, Kun Yin, Da Zheng, Jingjing Zheng, Lei Huang, Qiuping Wu, Jianding Cheng
Forensic toxicology education in China is limited by insufficient teaching methods and resources, resulting in students with adequate theoretical principles but lacking practice experience. Typical cases used as teaching materials vividly represent intoxication and provide students with an opportunity to practice and hone resolving skills. In 2013, the Department of Forensic Pathology at Zhongshan School of Medicine began to construct top-quality courses in forensic toxicology, with its first step, creating a base containing typical cases of intoxication...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688797/burden-of-traffic-accidents-among-pedestrians-of-fars-province-southern-iran-estimate-of-years-of-life-lost-in-a-sample-of-iranian-population-from-2009-to-2013
#15
Yaser Sarikhani, Seyed Taghi Heydari, Saeed Gholamzadeh, Maryam Mazloom, Payam Peymani, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani, Ahmad Kalateh Sadati, Reza Tabrizi, Maryam Akbari
PURPOSE: Traffic injuries are among the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Pedestrians have been considered as a high-risk group among road users, especially in middle- or low-income communities. This study attempted to determine the burden of pedestrians' fatalities in Fars, the southern province of Iran using years of life lost (YLL) approach. METHODS: The data used in this study were retrieved from Fars Forensic Medicine Organization database on pedestrian traffic accidents...
June 19, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687792/maldi-tof-ms-as-a-novel-tool-for-the-estimation-of-postmortem-interval-in-liver-tissue-samples
#16
Chengzhi Li, Zhengdong Li, Ya Tuo, Dong Ma, Yan Shi, Qinghua Zhang, Xianyi Zhuo, Kaifei Deng, Yijiu Chen, Zhenyuan Wang, Ping Huang
Estimation of the postmortem interval (PMI) is a complicated task in forensic medicine, especially during homicide and unwitnessed death investigations. Many biological, chemical, and physical indicators can be used to determine the postmortem interval, but most are not accurate. Here, we present a novel matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) method that can be used for the estimation of PMI using molecular images and multivariate analyses. In this study, we demonstrate that both rat and human liver tissues of various PMIs (0, 2, 4, and 6days) can be discriminated using MALDI imaging and principal component analysis (PCA)...
July 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681754/microsurgical-anatomy-of-the-superior-sagittal-sinus-and-draining-veins
#17
Mariano Anto Bruno-Mascarenhas, Vengalathur G Ramesh, Sundar Venkatraman, Jolarpettai V Mahendran, S Sundaram
BACKGROUND: The superior sagittal sinus and the draining cerebral veins are often encountered during the surgery for parasagittal and falx meningiomas and during the interhemisperic transcallosal approaches. A knowledge about the variations from the normally described anatomy helps in anticipating and avoiding problems related to these structures during surgery. AIM: The normal variations in the disposition of the superior sagittal sinus and the number and direction of the draining veins in the Indian population have been studied...
July 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674961/examples-of-tramline-bruises-in-clinical-forensic-medicine
#18
Federica Fersini, Annamaria Govi, Michael Tsokos, Saskia Etzold, Lucia Tattoli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 3, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674960/autopsy-histopathology-where-the-prosector-is-not-a-histopathologist-a-proposal
#19
Mohammed Madadin, Rihab Molah, Stephen Cordner
Forensic pathology is a specialty that involves death investigation while clinical forensic medicine is the application of the practice of medicine to the requests of the law in relation to the living. Around the world, there is diverse practice for these two disciplines. The forensic physician or forensic doctor (sometimes, called a forensic pathologist but not a forensic histopathologist) in parts of the world such as continental Europe, the Middle East and India, practice both clinical forensic medicine and forensic pathology...
July 3, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666350/memories-of-ken-mason
#20
Margaret Brazier, Alexander McCall Smith, Graeme Laurie, Shelia McLean, Emily Jackson, Mary Neal, Hazel Biggs, Suzanne Ost
John Kenyon Mason (19 December 1919-26 January 2017), CBE, MD, LLD, FRCPath, DMJ, FRCPE, FRSE, and known as Ken Mason to us all, was Regius Professor of Forensic Medicine at the University of Edinburgh from 1973-1985 and thereafter Emeritus Professor of Forensic Medicine and Honorary Fellow in the School of Law at the University of Edinburgh. A formal obituary to Professor Mason is published in the Scotsman (http://www.scotsman.com/news/obituaries/obituary-professor-ken-mason-medical-jurisprudence-pioneer-1-4357181)...
June 28, 2017: Medical Law Review
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