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Forensic Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342827/foreign-citizen-mortality-in-iceland-january-2006-december-2016
#1
S N Kunz, R Bingert
BACKGROUND: In recent years, tourism has become the number one account for foreign exchange income in Iceland, overtaking the fisheries industry and aluminium production. The rise of tourism has strongly affected Icelandic society in various sectors. With the increase of tourists visiting Iceland, the number of foreign citizens that died and were autopsied also rose. METHOD: Data were collected from the Department of Forensic Pathology at Landspitali University Hospital in Reykjavik for the period January 2006 - December 2016...
March 23, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326114/minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-characteristics-of-parricide-offenders-with-schizophrenia-in-korea
#2
Sang Yeop Lee, Myung Ho Lim, Jangkyu Lee, Geumsook Shim, Yeon Kim, Jin Ah Do, Soo Jung Lee, Jong Hyuck Choi, Jae Woo Lee
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the personality characteristics in parricide offenders, by using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) test, which is commonly used in clinical medicine. METHODS: A total of 73 parricide offenders with schizophrenia who were admitted to National Forensic Hospital in Gongju city between September 2014 and February 2015, and 104 comparison schizophrenia patients who had been admitted to Dankook University Hospital in Cheonan city the same hospital, completed the Korean version of the MMPI...
March 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322729/reprint-of-standardisation-and-use-of-the-alcohol-biomarker-carbohydrate-deficient-transferrin-cdt
#3
Anders Helander, Jos Wielders, Raymond Anton, Torsten Arndt, Vincenza Bianchi, Jean Deenmamode, Jan-Olof Jeppsson, John B Whitfield, Cas Weykamp, François Schellenberg
Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin (CDT) is a glycoform profile of serum transferrin that increases in response to sustained high alcohol intake and over the last decades has become an important alcohol biomarker with clinical and forensic applications. However, the wide range of CDT measurement procedures has resulted in lack of uniform results and reference limits, and hampered comparison of results. In 2005, the IFCC therefore founded a special working group (WG) aiming for standardisation of CDT measurement...
March 18, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298188/enrichment-activities-in-the-medical-school-psychiatry-programme-could-this-be-a-key-to-engaging-medical-students-in-psychiatry-a-study-from-a-high-secure-forensic-psychiatric-uk-hospital
#4
Anna-Marie Mortlock, Ignazio Puzzo, Sophie Taylor, Veena Kumari, Susan Young, Samrat Sengupta, Mrigendra Das
BACKGROUND: The majority of research studies on medical student attitudes toward psychiatry focus on influencing factors and the medical school experience. This study evaluates the effectiveness of a one-day visit to a high secure forensic psychiatric unit on medical students' attitudes towards psychiatry and also assesses career intentions and the factors influencing these. METHOD: Change in attitudes and career intention were measured by administering a questionnaire, which included the 30-item Attitudes Toward Psychiatry (ATP-30) survey, at the start (time 1) and end (time 2) of the one-day visit...
March 16, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295603/rapid-abo-genotyping-by-high-speed-droplet-allele-specific-pcr-using-crude-samples
#5
Chiaki Taira, Kazuyuki Matsuda, Naoya Takeichi, Satomi Furukawa, Mitsutoshi Sugano, Takeshi Uehara, Nobuo Okumura, Takayuki Honda
BACKGROUND: ABO genotyping has common tools for personal identification of forensic and transplantation field. We developed a new method based on a droplet allele-specific PCR (droplet-AS-PCR) that enabled rapid PCR amplification. We attempted rapid ABO genotyping using crude DNA isolated from dried blood and buccal cells. METHODS: We designed allele-specific primers for three SNPs (at nucleotides 261, 526, and 803) in exons 6 and 7 of the ABO gene. We pretreated dried blood and buccal cells with proteinase K, and obtained crude DNAs without DNA purification...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295575/definition-and-assessment-of-disability-in-mental-disorders-under-the-perspective-of-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-icf
#6
Michael Linden
This article provides an overview of definitions and assessment instruments of disability, an important topic in the diagnosis and treatment of chronic illnesses, and in expert appraisals in social and forensic medicine. Health problems are manifested not only in symptoms, but also regularly in impairment or disability in everyday life, which is especially true for mental disorders. According to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) of the World Health Organization, disability can be understood as chronic suffering from symptoms of illness, or limitations of executing capacities, or inability to participate in selected areas of life...
March 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260754/anthropometric-study-of-face-on-bangladeshi-adult-garo-male
#7
A Kabir, M Khalil, S Z Sultana, S Choudhury, S Farjan, Z Ahmed, S Ajmery, E Z Epsi, R S Zisa, M Ismatsara
The present cross sectional descriptive type of study provides a standard for Bangladeshi Garo male regarding physiognomical face height, morphological face height and maximum facial breadth in Mymensingh Sadar, Haluaghat, Madhuopor Upazilas from July 2015 to June 2016. An attempt has been made out to find out correlation of stature with the parameters and to measure different face index. The current study also generates different face types on the basis of morphological face index. The study was done on 121 Garo male between 25-45 years of age in Bangladesh...
January 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256255/the-evaluation-stage-of-the-hoeven-outcome-monitor-hom-towards-an-evidence-based-groundwork-in-forensic-mental-health
#8
Lobke H Keune, Vivienne de Vogel, Hjalmar J C van Marle
This study examined if a macro-, meso-, and micro outcome measurement instrument that constitutes the evaluation stage of a Dutch forensic psychiatric outcome monitor, the Hoeven Outcome Monitor (HOM), can provide a first step towards a more evidence based groundwork in forensic mental health. General, serious, very serious, special, and tbs meriting recidivism during treatment, after treatment, and overall were charted for forensic psychiatric patients discharged from a Dutch forensic psychiatric centre between 1999 and 2008 (N=164)...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255632/population-based-autopsy-study-of-traumatic-fatalities
#9
S Saar, A Lomp, J Laos, V Mihnovitš, R Šalkauskas, T Lustenberger, M Väli, U Lepner, P Talving
BACKGROUND: Injuries result in 5.8 million global fatalities annually and are the leading cause of death in younger individuals. Nevertheless, population-based autopsy investigations on traumatic deaths are scarce. We set out to study all consecutive autopsies on traumatic fatalities performed in a 5-year time segment in Estonia. METHODS: After the ethics review board approval, all consecutive autopsies after blunt or penetrating deaths occurring in prehospital or in-hospital settings between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2013, were retrospectively reviewed using the National Forensic Medicine Database...
March 2, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252619/-the-problems-of-professional-competence-in-the-complementary-professional-forensic-medical-expertise-programs-of-advanced-training-and-professional-requalification
#10
A B Shadymov, S A Fominykh, V P Dik
This article reports the results of the analysis of the new tendencies and normatives of the working legislation in the field of additional professional education in the speciality of «forensic medical expertise» and the application of the competency-based approach to the training of specialists in the framework of professional requalification and advanced training programs. Special attention is given to the problems of organization of the educational process and the elaboration of additional training programs based on the competency approach to the training of specialists at the Department of Forensic Medicine and Law with the professor V...
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251480/detection-and-volume-estimation-of-artificial-hematomas-in-the-subcutaneous-fatty-tissue-comparison-of-different-mr-sequences-at-3-0-t
#11
Kathrin Ogris, Andreas Petrovic, Sylvia Scheicher, Hanna Sprenger, Martin Urschler, Eva Maria Hassler, Kathrin Yen, Eva Scheurer
In legal medicine, reliable localization and analysis of hematomas in subcutaneous fatty tissue is required for forensic reconstruction. Due to the absence of ionizing radiation, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is particularly suited to examining living persons with forensically relevant injuries. However, there is limited experience regarding MRI signal properties of hemorrhage in soft tissue. The aim of this study was to evaluate MR sequences with respect to their ability to show high contrast between hematomas and subcutaneous fatty tissue as well as to reliably determine the volume of artificial hematomas...
March 1, 2017: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245001/fatal-accidents-at-work-in-agriculture-associated-with-alcohol-intoxication-in-lower-silesia-in-poland
#12
Tomasz Jurek, Marta Rorat
BACKGROUND: Determining the prevalence of alcohol intoxication and the level of intoxication in victims of fatal occupational accidents is necessary to improve work safety. The circumstances of the accident and the time between alcohol consumption and death are important factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 18 935 medico-legal autopsy reports and toxicological reports performed in the Department of Forensic Medicine at the Wroclaw Medical University, Poland, in the years 1991-2014...
February 28, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238498/legal-social-ethical-and-medical-perspectives-on-the-care-of-the-statutory-rape-adolescent-in-the-emergency-department
#13
Shiu-Lin Tsai, Elvira Acosta, Toni Cardenas, Jeremy K Sigall, Kevin Van Geem
Rapes involving adolescents who present to the emergency department (ED) are fraught with ethical and legal complexities and are often emotionally turbulent for patients, their families, and medical providers. Management requires a thoughtful approach from multiple standpoints, including legal, psychosocial, ethical, and medical ones. However, there is no standardized sexual assault education for emergency medicine residents, and management practices vary widely.(1,2) We present a hypothetical statutory rape case based on real cases that occurred in New York City and bring together the perspectives of an attorney on the legal parameters, two social workers on the psychosocial issues, an ethicist on the moral considerations, and a pediatric emergency physician-who is also a sexual assault forensic examiner-on the medical treatments...
February 24, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230653/suicides-by-jumping-off-istanbul-bridges-linking-asia-and-europe
#14
Ayşe Yurtseven, İbrahim Üzün, Murat Nihat Arslan
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the injury spectrum and characteristics of people who committed suicide by jumping into water from the July 15th Martyrs Bridge and Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridges in Istanbul, Turkey. METHODS: This study included all of the jumpers from the July 15th Martyrs Bridge and Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge who were autopsied by the Council of Forensic Medicine, Istanbul Morgue Department, between 2000 and 2013. All of the data were collected from archived case files...
February 23, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220762/drug-detection-in-breath-non-invasive-assessment-of-illicit-or-pharmaceutical-drugs
#15
Phillip Trefz, Svend Kamysek, Patricia Fuchs, Pritam Sukul, Jochen Schubert, Wolfram Miekisch
Breath analysis not only holds great potential for the development of new non-invasive diagnostic methods, but also for the identification and follow up of drug levels in breath. This is of interest for both, forensic and medical science. On the one hand, the detection of drugs of abuse in exhaled breath - similar to the well-known breath alcohol tests - would be highly desirable as an alternative to blood or urine analysis in situations such as police controls for drugged driving. The noninvasive detection of drugs and their metabolites is thus of great interest in forensic science, especially since marijuana is becoming legalized in certain parts of the U...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217303/three-years-evaluation-of-retained-foreign-bodies-after-surgery-in-iran
#16
Mohammad Zarenezhad, Saeed Gholamzadeh, Arya Hedjazi, Kamran Soltani, Jaber Gharehdaghi, Masoud Ghadipasha, Seyyed Mohammad Vahid Hosseini, Ahmad Zare
BACKGROUND: Medical errors such as retained foreign bodies (RFB) during surgery are not well studied. To define risk factors associated with this type of error, we performed retrospective study. METHODS: We reviewed medical records for unintentional foreign object remaining in the body during surgery such as gender, age, surgery ward, and incident reports referred to several forensic medicine administrations as well as adverse effects of retained foreign bodies and methods for detection of them over a 3-years period from January 2008 through May 2011...
March 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215933/gender-determination-from-diagnostic-factors-on-anteroposterior-pelvic-radiographs
#17
Azadeh Memarian, Kamran Aghakhani, Shahrokh Mehrpisheh, Foroozan Fares
BACKGROUND: Gender determination from skeletal remains is one of the primary factors in forensic medicine. This study aimed to identify the gender of patients referred to the radiology ward of the Rasoul Akram Hospital of Tehran using anteroposterior pelvic radiography. METHODS: A total of 200 patients (100 male and 100 female) referred to the radiology ward of the Rasoul Akram Hospital for anteroposterior pelvic radiography during 2013-2014 were included in this study...
March 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212679/histopathological-study-of-cardiac-lesions-in-methamphetamine-poisoning-related-deaths
#18
Maryam Akhgari, Homeira Mobaraki, Afshar Etemadi-Aleagha
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine abuse is a worldwide health concern. Methamphetamine causes health hazards in many vital organs. It can cause damage to cardiac tissue via catecholamines release. Methamphetamine related deaths are becoming one of the most important problems in Iran. The purpose of the present study was to determine cardiac pathology in methamphetamine poisoning-related deaths. METHODS: The study included 100 cases of methamphetamine poisoning-related deaths and 100 cases as control group...
February 17, 2017: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204902/-medical-rehabilitation-from-a%C3%A2-lifespan-perspective
#19
Michael Linden, Sebastian Bernert, Ariane Funke, Karsten E Dreinhöfer, Michael Jöbges, Ernst von Kardorff, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Karla Spyra, Heinz Völler, Petra Warschburger, Pia-Maria Wippert
Lifespan research investigates the development of individuals over the course of life. As medical rehabilitation deals with primary and secondary prophylaxis, treatment, and compensation of chronic illnesses, a lifespan perspective is needed for the classification and diagnosis of chronic disorders, the assessment of course modifying factors, the identification of vulnerable life periods and critical incidents, the implementation of preventive measures, the development of methods for the evaluation of prior treatments, the selection and prioritization of interventions, including specialized inpatient rehabilitation, the coordination of therapies and therapists, and for evaluations in social and forensic medicine...
February 15, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197028/gross-morphological-study-of-the-renal-pelvicalyceal-patterns-in-human-cadaveric-kidneys
#20
T S R Anjana, Elangovan Muthian, Sivakami Thiagarajan, Sumathi Shanmugam
INTRODUCTION: The knowledge of detailed calyceal anatomy is essential for performing urologic procedures such as percutaneous nephrolithotomy, percutaneous nephrostomy, flexible ureterorenoscopy, endopyelotomy, and retrograde renal surgery. This study was performed to analyze the various patterns of pelvicalyceal system in the South Indian population, and compare these with previously published studies in different populations. METHODS: The study was conducted in 100 kidney specimens...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
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