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Forensic Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786816/examination-of-morbidity-and-mortality-of-cases-according-to-intra-vehicle-position-and-accident-mechanism
#1
Orhan Meral, Ekin Özgür Aktaş, Murat Ersel
BACKGROUND: Traffic accidents are still an important public health issue in our country and intra-vehicle accidents cause substantial morbidity and mortality. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effect of seating position on morbidity and mortality in traffic accidents. METHODS: Patients who were admitted to the Emergency Department, Faculty of Medicine, Ege University between May 1, 2014 and November 30, 2014 due to injuries in motor vehicles and who signed informed consent were included...
May 2018: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777982/documentation-and-analysis-of-traumatic-injuries-in-clinical-forensic-medicine-involving-structured-light-three-dimensional-surface-scanning-versus-photography
#2
Awatif Shamata, Tim Thompson
Non-contact three-dimensional (3D) surface scanning has been applied in forensic medicine and has been shown to mitigate shortcoming of traditional documentation methods. The aim of this paper is to assess the efficiency of structured light 3D surface scanning in recording traumatic injuries of live cases in clinical forensic medicine. The work was conducted in Medico-Legal Centre in Benghazi, Libya. A structured light 3D surface scanner and ordinary digital camera with close-up lens were used to record the injuries and to have 3D and two-dimensional (2D) documents of the same traumas...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777425/the-use-of-hiv-post-exposure-prophylaxis-in-forensic-medicine-following-incidents-of-sexual-violence-in-hamburg-germany-a-retrospective-study
#3
Julia Ebert, Jan Peter Sperhake, Olaf Degen, Ann Sophie Schröder
In Hamburg, Germany, the initiation of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (HIV PEP) in cases of sexual violence is often carried out by forensic medical specialists (FMS) using the city's unique Hamburg Model. FMS-provided three-day HIV PEP starter packs include a combination of raltegravir and emtricitabine/tenofovir. This study aimed to investigate the practice of offering HIV PEP, reasons for discontinuing treatment, patient compliance, and whether or not potential perpetrators were tested for HIV. We conducted a retrospective study of forensic clinical examinations carried out by the Hamburg Department of Legal Medicine following incidents of sexual violence from 2009 to 2016...
May 18, 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775918/determining-gender-by-taking-measurements-from-magnetic-resonance-images-of-the-patella
#4
Hacer Yasar Teke, Özge Ünlütürk, Elif Günaydin, Semra Duran, Sait Özsoy
BACKGROUND: A key step in making a positive identification in forensic medicine is the establishment of a biological profile, which involves determining factors such as gender, age, ancestry, and stature. The goal of this study was to determine if gender could be established by taking various measurements of the patella taken from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) images and analyzing the variations by gender. METHODS: The sample group consisted of 220 patients (110 male and 110 female) whose patella were measured using MRI images of their left knee...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772452/epidemiological-aspects-of-drowning-and-non-fatal-drowning-in-the-waters-of-amsterdam
#5
G Reijnen, M van de Westeringh, M C Buster, P J E Vos, U L J Reijnders
We examined who, when, and where people non-fatally drowned of drowned in Amsterdam between January 2011 and December 2015 so that in the future more targeted and effective measures can be taken to prevent drowning. Data on non fatal drownings (N = 515, fire department database) were combined with the forensic medicine data on drowning fatalities (N=88). Who drowns in Amsterdam? The majority of those who drowned were men (82%). A high percentage of the people who drowned were under the influence of alcohol or drugs (up to 55%)...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771705/the-causality-nexus-between-the-tako-tsubo-syndrome-and-an-assault-a-forensic-case-report
#6
Malek Zribi, Syrine Azza Manoubi, Narjes Karray, Salma Charfeddine, Wiem Benamar, Zouhir Hammami, Samir Kammoun, Samir Maatoug
"Tako-tsubo" cardiomyopathy, also known as "broken heart syndrome," is one of the rarest types of stress-induced cardiomyopathy. It frequently mimics acute coronary syndrome, characterized by transient left ventricular dysfunction, electrocardiographic changes, and release of myocardial enzymes. After treatment, the patients are cured in most cases without sequelae. Tako-tsubo syndrome is rarely considered as a reason for consultation in the forensic department.Herein, we report a case of a 68-year-old woman who was assaulted by her police officer neighbor...
May 4, 2018: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769502/variation-of-luminal-diameter-of-the-right-principal-bronchus-in-different-age-and-sex-group-of-bangladeshi-cadaver
#7
N Nawshin, S Mannan, M F Kamal, E Z Epsi, Z Ahmed
The respiratory system is involved in the intake and exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between an organism and the environment which is essential for human survival. The bronchial tree includes the trachea, right and left principal bronchi and their branching upto alveoli. A common medical problem with the respiratory tract is acute respiratory tract infection (ARI) which is the leading killer of children under five. The aim of the present study was to find out the variation of the luminal diameter of right principal bronchus in Bangladeshi people...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769497/correlation-of-triceps-skin-fold-thickness-with-weight-of-bangladeshi-garo-population
#8
S Farjan, M Khalil, S Mannan, S Chowdhury, A Kabir, S Ajmeri, N Naznin
This cross sectional, observational, descriptive and analytic type of study was designed to formulate a standard for Bangladeshi Garo population and an attempt has been made out to formulate a linear regression equation for estimation of weight from the triceps skin fold thickness in different areas of Mymensingh district (Mymensingh Sadar & Haluaghat Upazilla), Bangladesh from July 2015 to June 2016. The material consists of 104 Garo people (60 male, 44 female) between 20-40 years of age in Bangladesh...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769487/length-of-vermiform-appendix-in-bangladeshi-people-of-different-age-and-sex
#9
S A Sumi, M Khalil, S Mannan, S Chowdhury, M K Khan, U K Paul, U K Zaman, S F Karim, A Rahman, M M Rahman, A Kabir, S Farjan, M T Alam, E Z Epsi, N S Nitu, N J Khan, L Jabeen, S Tabriz
A cross sectional descriptive study was performed on 70 postmortem vermiform appendix (male 34 and female 36) to find out the length of vermiform appendix of Bangladeshi people in different age and sex. The specimens were collected from autopsy laboratory of the Department of Forensic Medicine, Mymensingh Medical College, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from October 2016 to March 2017 by purposive sampling technique. The collected samples were divided into four age groups. They were Group A (upto 20 years), Group B (21 to 40 years), Group C (41 to 60 years) and Group D (above 60 years)...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768612/the-incidence-of-sexual-violence-among-children-and-adolescents-in-recife-state-of-pernambuco-brazil-in-2012-and-2013
#10
Cláudia Alves de Sena, Maria Arleide da Silva, Gilliatt Hanois Falbo Neto
The scope of this study was to establish the incidence of sexual violence against children and adolescents in Recife, State of Pernambuco (Brazil) between 2012 and 2013. Data was collected from the records of rape examination reports carried out at the Recife Institute of Forensic Medicine. Of the 867 cases recorded, 328 of the victims were children and adolescents. An incidence of 3.67 cases per 10,000 inhabitants in the 0 to 18 age range was identified. The majority of the victims were female (92.1%) between 10 and 14 years of age (59...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755988/bite-forces-and-their-measurement-in-dogs-and-cats
#11
REVIEW
Se Eun Kim, Boaz Arzi, Tanya C Garcia, Frank J M Verstraete
Bite force is generated by the interaction of the masticatory muscles, the mandibles and maxillae, the temporomandibular joints (TMJs), and the teeth. Several methods to measure bite forces in dogs and cats have been described. Direct in vivo measurement of a bite in dogs has been done; however, bite forces were highly variable due to animal volition, situation, or specific measurement technique. Bite force has been measured in vivo from anesthetized dogs by electrical stimulation of jaw adductor muscles, but this may not be reflective of volitional bite force during natural activity...
2018: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751277/study-of-chemiluminescence-measured-by-luminometry-and-its-application-in-the-estimation-of-postmortem-interval-of-bone-remains
#12
Jesús Sarabia, Cristina Pérez-Martínez, Juan Pedro Hernández Del Rincón, Aurelio Luna
A substantial challenge faced by forensic medicine is determining the postmortem interval (PMI) of skeletonized remains. Currently, the luminol method is of limited forensic usefulness, since it uses qualitative and subjective methods to estimate PMI by the naked eye assessing the degree of chemiluminescence (CL) emitted by bone remains, a technique which is not sensitive enough to distinguish between historical or forensically significant time intervals. The aim of the present study was to use a direct and accurate measurement of the CL by luminol technique in relative light units (RLU) using a luminometer to establish this method as a possible complementary and low cost tool for the determination of the PMI for distinguishing between remains of medical-legal (<20 years) and historical (≥20 years) interest in 102 femur remains with a range of PMI between 15 and 64 years...
May 5, 2018: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751222/development-of-forensic-medicine-in-post-reform-indonesia
#13
Yoni Fuadah Syukriani, Nita Novita, Deni K Sunjaya
Forensic medicine practice in Indonesia was introduced through the Dutch colonial criminal justice system in the early twentieth century. After more than 70 years of national independence, the development of forensic medicine still faces fundamental challenges, including confusion in the distribution of responsibility with law enforcement agencies, difficulties in managing conflicts of interest, and impediments in scientific practice and professional development. Despite of the golden opportunity from the Indonesian Reform movement in the late 1990s, the impact on forensic medicine development has been less than expected...
May 3, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747761/-forensic-medicine-for-health-and-justice
#14
EDITORIAL
Cécile Manaouil
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738820/classification-of-forensic-autopsy-reports-through-conceptual-graph-based-document-representation-model
#15
Ghulam Mujtaba, Liyana Shuib, Ram Gopal Raj, Retnagowri Rajandram, Khairunisa Shaikh, Mohammed Ali Al-Garadi
Text categorization has been used extensively in recent years to classify plain-text clinical reports. This study employs text categorization techniques for the classification of open narrative forensic autopsy reports. One of the key steps in text classification is document representation. In document representation, a clinical report is transformed into a format that is suitable for classification. The traditional document representation technique for text categorization is the bag-of-words (BoW) technique...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730384/the-expression-of-il10ra-in-colorectal-cancer-and-its-correlation-with-the-proliferation-index-and-the-clinical-stage-of-the-disease
#16
Łukasz Zadka, Michał J Kulus, Krzysztof Kurnol, Aleksandra Piotrowska, Natalia Glatzel-Plucińska, Tomasz Jurek, Magdalena Czuba, Aleksandra Nowak, Mariusz Chabowski, Dariusz Janczak, Piotr Dzięgiel
INTRODUCTION: Despite the widely described role of IL10 in immune response regulation during carcinogenesis, there is no established model describing the role of its receptor. The aim of this study is to elucidate the relationship between the subunit alpha of IL10 receptor (IL10RA) in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: The study was conducted on archived paraffin blocks of 125 CRC patients, from which tissue microarrays (TMA) were made. These were subsequently used for immunohistochemistry to assess the expression of IL10RA, IL10, phosphorylated STAT3 (pSTAT3) and the Ki67 proliferation index...
May 3, 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719846/epidemiology-of-road-traffic-injury-fatalities-among-car-users-a-study-based-on-forensic-medicine-data-in-east-azerbaijan-of-iran
#17
Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Bahram Samadirad, Nasrin Shahedifar, Mina Golestani
Objective: To study the epidemiology of car user road traffic fatalities (CURTFs) during eight years, in East Azerbaijan, Iran. Methods: A total of 3051 CURTFs registered in East Azerbaijan forensic medicine organization database, Iran, during 2006-2014, were analyzed using Stata 13 statistical software package. Descriptive statistics ( p <0.05) and inferential statistical methods such as Chi-squared test and multivariate logistic regression with p <0.1 were applied...
April 2018: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701148/quantification-of-methamphetamine-%C3%A2-shabu%C3%A2-in-biological-matrices-to-detect-prenatal-exposure-a-case-report-and-a-literature-review
#18
Pilar Jarque, Antonia Roca, Isabel Gomila, Valeria Noce, B Bernardino Barcelo, Julia Klein
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine misuse represents an increasing global public health problem. Its consumption during pregnancy becomes a relevant issue, since it has clinical consequences for the child's health and the pregnant woman. Despite this, there are only few data in the literature that include analytical results in the matrices used to detect prenatal exposure. OBJECTIVES: 1) Present a case report of prenatal methamphetamine exposure with toxicological analytical confirmation in biological matrices; and 2) Perform a compilation of prenatal methamphetamine exposure studies and case reports which include toxicological analytical results...
April 26, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696506/point-of-care-hemoglobin-a1c-testing-in-postmortem-examination
#19
Joo-Young Na
Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is a good marker for monitoring glycemic control, and an elevated postmortem blood HbA1c level might indicate poor glycemic control during the antemortem period. The HbA1c level can be measured as a point-of-care (POC) test. In forensic medicine, POC testing is useful for performing autopsies and postmortem inspections since POC testing is both rapid and efficient. This study evaluated HbA1c levels in the capillary and cardiac venous blood of postmortem specimens as well as the usefulness of evaluating HbA1c levels as POC testing in postmortem examinations...
April 25, 2018: Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685008/medicamentous-thrombolysis-disguises-pulmonary-thromboembolism-as-a-cause-of-death
#20
I Šoša, A Ferencic, V Stemberga, G Zamolo, S Arbanas, I Dasek, M Perkovic, D Cuculic
We report the case of a 31-year-old female who was admitted to the emergency department with symptoms of cardiac arrest and ultimately died in spite of enormous resuscitation efforts. During resuscitation, pulmonary embolism was considered as a possible non-cardiac cause of cardiac arrest, and following its extremely unfavorable prognosis, the fatal outcome was not so surprising. However, since acute pulmonary emboli obstructing blood flow to a lobe or multiple lung segments was suspected, alteplase was indicated and administered...
March 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
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