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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692606/occupational-health-and-the-performing-arts-an-introduction
#1
David Hinkamp, Jennie Morton, Donna H Krasnow, Mary Virginia Wilmerding, William J Dawson, Michael G Stewart, Herbert Steven Sims, Jan Potter Reed, Katherine Duvall, Michael McCann
OBJECTIVE: Workplace hazards in the performing arts cause injuries, disabilities, and deaths every year. Occupational health professionals are familiar with most of these hazards and are particularly qualified to contribute to efforts to reduce them. This article reviews current health issues in the performing arts and highlights opportunities for occupational health contributions. METHODS: Recognized experts in performing arts medicine were consulted and articles illustrating performing arts health issues were reviewed...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599011/medicine-performing-arts-and-science-dancing-to-the-same-tune
#2
EDITORIAL
Bronwen J Ackermann
A substantial period of time has been spent developing rigorous quantitative scientific approaches to inform medical practice (evidence-based practice). While this process has been important for many medical breakthroughs, and continues to play a critical role in medical and scientific research, it was felt to cause a medical shift away from the individual patient, as practitioners focussed more on the method of practice than the person themselves. However, following this period when a preponderance of attention was paid to quantitative studies, the tide has now turned back to integrating this knowledge with the clinical skills and expertise of medical practitioners...
June 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560354/citation-analysis-of-scientific-categories
#3
Gregory S Patience, Christian A Patience, Bruno Blais, Francois Bertrand
Databases catalogue the corpus of research literature into scientific categories and report classes of bibliometric data such as the number of citations to articles, the number of authors, journals, funding agencies, institutes, references, etc. The number of articles and citations in a category are gauges of productivity and scientific impact but a quantitative basis to compare researchers between categories is limited. Here, we compile a list of bibliometric indicators for 236 science categories and citation rates of the 500 most cited articles of each category...
May 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500759/a-monte-carlo-model-for-mean-glandular-dose-evaluation-in-spot-compression-mammography
#4
Antonio Sarno, David R Dance, Ruben E van Engen, Kenneth C Young, Paolo Russo, Francesca Di Lillo, Giovanni Mettivier, Kristina Bliznakova, Baowei Fei, Ioannis Sechopoulos
PURPOSE: To characterize the dependence of normalized glandular dose (DgN) on various breast model and image acquisition parameters during spot compression mammography and other partial breast irradiation conditions, and evaluate alternative previously proposed dose-related metrics for this breast imaging modality. METHODS: Using Monte Carlo simulations with both simple homogeneous breast models and patient-specific breasts, three different dose-related metrics for spot compression mammography were compared: the standard DgN, the normalized glandular dose to only the directly irradiated portion of the breast (DgNv), and the DgN obtained by the product of the DgN for full field irradiation and the ratio of the mid-height area of the irradiated breast to the entire breast area (DgNM )...
May 13, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450412/the-art-of-medicine-arts-based-training-in-observation-and-mindfulness-for-fostering-the-empathic-response-in-medical-residents
#5
Joyce Zazulak, May Sanaee, Andrea Frolic, Nicole Knibb, Eve Tesluk, Edward Hughes, Lawrence E M Grierson
Empathy is an essential attribute for medical professionals. Yet, evidence indicates that medical learners' empathy levels decline dramatically during medical school. Training in evidence-based observation and mindfulness has the potential to bolster the acquisition and demonstration of empathic behaviours for medical learners. In this prospective cohort study, we explore the impact of a course in arts-based visual literacy and mindfulness practice (Art of Seeing) on the empathic response of medical residents engaged in obstetrics and gynaecology and family medicine training...
April 27, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351225/specialization-patterns-across-various-youth-sports-and-relationship-to-injury-risk
#6
Jacqueline Pasulka, Neeru Jayanthi, Ashley McCann, Lara R Dugas, Cynthia LaBella
OBJECTIVES: Current trends among young athletes towards earlier specialization age and year-round training on multiple teams has raised concern for increased injury risk. Our previous analyses showed higher risk for injury in highly specialized young athletes. The goal of this research was to determine whether sports specialization and injury patterns vary by sports type. METHODS: In this clinical case-control study, injured athletes (aged 7-18 years) were recruited from sports medicine clinics and compared to similarly aged uninjured athletes recruited from primary care clinics...
April 10, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284238/applying-current-concepts-in-pain-related-brain-science-to-dance-rehabilitation
#7
Sarah B Wallwork, Valeria Bellan, G Lorimer Moseley
Dance involves exemplary sensory-motor control, which is subserved by sophisticated neural processing at the spinal cord and brain level. Such neural processing is altered in the presence of nociception and pain, and the adaptations within the central nervous system that are known to occur with persistent nociception or pain have clear implications for movement and, indeed, risk of further injury. Recent rapid advances in our understanding of the brain's representation of the body and the role of cortical representations, or "neurotags," in bodily protection and regulation have given rise to new strategies that are gaining traction in sports medicine...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282478/the-relationship-between-muscular-strength-and-dance-injuries-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
João P Moita, Alexandre Nunes, José Esteves, Raul Oliveira, Luis Xarez
BACKGROUND: The physical demands placed on dancers put them at significant risk for injury, with rates similar to ones sustained by athletes in sports at the same level of performance. Muscle strength has been suggested to play a preventative role against injury in dancers. OBJECTIVE: To systematically search and examine the available evidence on the protective role of muscle strength in dance injuries. METHODS: Five electronic databases and two dance-specific science publications were screened up to September 2015...
March 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228371/dance-for-adults-with-fibromyalgia-what-do-we-know-about-it-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#9
Julia Bidonde, Catherine Boden, Angela J Busch, Suelen M Goes, Soo Kim, Emily Knight
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread muscular tenderness, pain, fatigue, and cognitive difficulties. Nonpharmacological treatment options, such as physical activity, are important for people with fibromyalgia. There are strong recommendations to support engagement in physical activity for symptom management among adults with fibromyalgia. Dance is a mode of physical activity that may allow individuals with fibromyalgia to improve their physical function, health, and well-being...
February 22, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149921/mean-glandular-dose-in-digital-mammography-a-dose-calculation-method-comparison
#10
Moayyad E Suleiman, Patrick C Brennan, Mark F McEntee
Our objective was to analyze the agreement between organ dose estimated by different digital mammography units and calculated dose for clinical data. Digital Imaging and Communication in Medicine header information was extracted from 52,405 anonymized mammograms. Data were filtered to include images with no breast implants, breast thicknesses 20 to 110 mm, and complete exposure and quality assurance data. Mean glandular dose was calculated using methods by Dance et al., Wu et al., and Boone et al. Bland-Altman analysis and regression were used to study the agreement and correlation between organ and calculated doses...
January 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978861/a-prospective-analysis-of-patients-presenting-for-medical-attention-at-a-large-electronic-dance-music-festival
#11
Matt S Friedman, Alex Plocki, Antonios Likourezos, Illya Pushkar, Andrew N Bazos, Christian Fromm, Benjamin W Friedman
Mass-Gathering Medicine studies have identified variables that predict greater patient presentation rates (PPRs) and transport to hospital rates (TTHRs). This is a descriptive report of patients who presented for medical attention at an annual electronic dance music festival (EDMF). At this large, single EDMF in New York City (NYC; New York, USA), the frequency of patient presentation, the range of presentations, and interventions performed were identified. This descriptive report examined consecutive patients who presented to the medical tent of a summertime EDMF held at an outdoor venue with an active, mobile, bounded crowd...
February 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646490/mass-gathering-medicine-risks-and-patient-presentations-at-a-2-day-electronic-dance-music-event-year-two
#12
Sheila A Turris, Michael Camporese, Samuel J Gutman, Adam Lund
Turris SA , Camporese M , Gutman SJ , Lund A . Mass-gathering medicine: risks and patient presentations at a 2-day electronic dance music event - year two. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2016;31(6):687-688.
December 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575296/in-the-september-issue
#13
EDITORIAL
Donna Krasnow
It is undeniable that the research and clinical knowledge base in performing arts medicine continues to develop, as discussed in the June editorial in Medical Problems of Performing Artists. This growth in research is certainly evident in dance, as in other areas of the performing arts. The breadth of the research includes the studies of biomechanics, conditioning and supplementary training practices, injury prevention and rehabilitation, motor control, nutrition, physics, and psychology.
September 2016: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515879/the-potential-benefits-of-zumba-gold-%C3%A2-in-people-with-mild-to-moderate-parkinson-s-feasibility-and-effects-of-dance-styles-and-number-of-sessions
#14
A Delextrat, J Bateman, P Esser, N Targen, H Dawes
OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of Zumba Gold(®) in people with PD, and to investigate the effects of dance styles and number of sessions on activity levels and physiological load. DESIGN: Repeated measure uncontrolled (single group) feasibility study. SETTING: Eleven participants (age: 64.0±8.1years) with mild-to-moderate idiopathic PD (Hoehn & Yahr stage<3.0) took part in a screening session, followed by six Zumba Gold(®) workouts each separated by one week, and a follow-up interview six months later...
August 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245947/concussion-knowledge-and-behaviors-in-a-sample-of-the-dance-community
#15
Lauren McIntyre, Marijeanne Liederbach
Despite recent improvements in their concussion knowledge, athletes still demonstrate risky concussion behaviors (e.g., playing while concussed or not reporting a concussion). Little has been published about dancers' concussion knowledge and behaviors, but research in dance contending with questions about injury in general has found that dancers often avoid physician consults and ignore the signs of injury. In the present study, an IRB approved anonymous online survey, it was hypothesized that dancers would demonstrate concussion knowledge deficits, fail to report concussions, and have difficulty adhering to management guidelines...
2016: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27117770/in-science-communication-why-does-the-idea-of-a-public-deficit-always-return-how-do-the-shifting-information-flows-in-healthcare-affect-the-deficit-model-of-science-communication
#16
Henry Ko
The healthcare field contains a multitude of opportunities for science communication. Given the many stakeholders dancing together in a multidirectional tango of communication, we need to ask how much does the deficit model apply to the health field? History dictates that healthcare professionals are the holders of all knowledge, and the patients and other stakeholders are the ones that need the scientific information communicated to them. This essay argues otherwise, in part due to the rise of shared decision-making and patients and other stakeholders acting as partners in healthcare...
May 2016: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27058819/sex-and-growth-effect-on-pediatric-hip-injuries-presenting-to-sports-medicine-clinic
#17
Andrea Stracciolini, Yi-Meng Yen, Pierre A d'Hemecourt, Cara L Lewis, Dai Sugimoto
UNLABELLED: To compare sports-related hip injuries on the basis of sex and age in a cohort of young athletes. A 5% random probability sample of all new patients' charts over a 10-year time period was selected for investigation. The most common hip injury diagnoses, sport at time of injury, mechanism (acute/traumatic vs. overuse), and types (bony vs. soft tissue) were compared by sex and age (preadolescent vs. adolescent). Descriptive and χ-analyses were carried out. The interaction of sex and age with respect to hip injury over time was examined by two-way (sex, age) analysis of variance...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26970479/mythology-and-neurosurgery
#18
REVIEW
Ali İhsan Ökten
Myths are the keystone of mythology. They are interpretations of events that have been told as stories and legends for thousands of years, inherited from generation to generation, and have reached the present day. Although most myths are considered figments of the imagination or fictitious legends, all of them contain references to facts from the time they occurred. Mythology, which is a collection of figments of imagination concerning nature and human beings, is a product of human effort to perceive, explain, and interpret the universe and the world, much like science...
June 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26848294/the-influence-of-a-12-week-program-of-physical-activity-on-changes-in-body-composition-and-lipid-and-carbohydrate-status-in-postmenopausal-women
#19
Wanda Barbara Pilch, Dariusz Mikołaj Mucha, Tomasz Adam Pałka, Agnieszka Ewa Suder, Anna Małgorzata Piotrowska, Anna Katarzyna Tyka, Łukasz Marcin Tota, Tadeusz Ambroży
INTRODUCTION: For years there have been studies on what kind of physical activity is optimal for maintaining proper health condition. Besides well known and approved endurance training of moderate intensity, an importance of interval exercise where short term, sudden intensification of work is performed at low endurance load is emphasized. The aim of the work was to assess the effects of a program of physical activity applied to postmenopausal women regarding improvement of their body composition and biochemical indices of lipid and carbohydrate status...
December 2015: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26783970/assessing-readiness-for-en-pointe-in-young-ballet-dancers
#20
Jeffrey C Lai, David W Kruse
Children begin ballet lessons as young as age 2 years. The graceful movements of classical ballet require a combination of artistry, flexibility, and strength to perform. During the training and development of a young ballerina, the transition to dancing en pointe ("on the toes") represents a significant milestone and traditionally begins around age 11 or 12 years, assuming the proper training background and dance aspirations. However, current dance medicine literature describes factors such as maturity, proper technique, strength, and postural control as the more significant factors in determining pointe readiness...
January 2016: Pediatric Annals
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