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Indirect Aggression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516831/an-exploration-of-the-mediators-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-intimate-partner-violence
#1
Elizabeth J Smyth, Frank L Gardner, Donald R Marks, Zella E Moore
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is associated with numerous long-term consequences and warrants significant clinical attention. Recent theoretical models and empirical research have suggested that several factors play a role in the development of IPV perpetration, including childhood maltreatment, early maladaptive schemas, anger, and difficulties in emotion regulation. This study investigated the relationship between childhood maltreatment and IPV, specifically examining the mediation of this relationship by several variables thought to be related to this pernicious problem, including early maladaptive schemas, the experience of anger, and emotion regulation difficulties...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500469/aggression-predicts-changes-in-peer-victimization-that-vary-by-form-and-function
#2
Karin S Frey, Zoe Higheagle Strong
Peer victimization is predictive of serious problems in adjustment, especially among children who are both victimized and aggressive. This study investigated how different types of aggression contribute to later victimization. Specifically, we examined prospective relationships between the types of aggression that children perpetrated and the types that they experienced at the hands of others. Trained observers coded schoolyard behavior of 553 children in grades 3-6 during the initial year of a bullying intervention program...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498360/meristem-plant-cells-as-a-sustainable-source-of-redox-actives-for-skin-rejuvenation
#3
REVIEW
Liudmila G Korkina, Wolfgang Mayer, Chiara de Luca
Recently, aggressive advertisement claimed a "magic role" for plant stem cells in human skin rejuvenation. This review aims to shed light on the scientific background suggesting feasibility of using plant cells as a basis of anti-age cosmetics. When meristem cell cultures obtained from medicinal plants are exposed to appropriate elicitors/stressors (ultraviolet, ultrasound ultraviolet (UV), ultrasonic waves, microbial/insect metabolites, heavy metals, organic toxins, nutrient deprivation, etc.), a protective/adaptive response initiates the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites...
May 12, 2017: Biomolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493732/psychological-flexibility-mitigates-effects-of-ptsd-symptoms-and-negative-urgency-on-aggressive-behavior-in-trauma-exposed-veterans
#4
Sunny J Dutra, Naomi Sadeh
Recent literature suggests that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms can interact with personality factors to predict externalizing behaviors. Engagement in externalizing behaviors such as substance abuse and aggressive behavior may, in turn, increase risk for further trauma exposure and a more chronic course of PTSD. In order to better understand how to intervene on this cycle, the current study aimed to identify factors that could explain risk for externalizing behaviors among trauma-exposed veterans...
May 11, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490781/identification-of-long-noncoding-rnas-deregulated-in-papillary-thyroid-cancer-and-correlated-with-braf-v600e-mutation-by-bioinformatics-integrative-analysis
#5
Lucas Goedert, Jessica Rodrigues Plaça, Cesar Seigi Fuziwara, Maiaro Cabral Rosa Machado, Desirée Rodrigues Plaça, Palloma Porto Almeida, Talita Perez Sanches, Jair Figueredo Dos Santos, Amanda Cristina Corveloni, Illy Enne Gomes Pereira, Marcela Motta de Castro, Edna Teruko Kimura, Wilson Araújo Silva, Enilza Maria Espreafico
Papillary Thyroid Cancer (PTC) is an endocrine malignancy in which BRAF(V600E) oncogenic mutation induces the most aggressive phenotype. In this way, considering that lncRNAs are arising as key players in oncogenesis, it is of high interest the identification of BRAF(V600E)-associated long noncoding RNAs, which can provide possible candidates for secondary mechanisms of BRAF-induced malignancy in PTC. In this study, we identified differentially expressed lncRNAs correlated with BRAF(V600E) in PTC and, also, extended the cohort of paired normal and PTC samples to more accurately identify differentially expressed lncRNAs between these conditions...
May 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486750/stromal-spock1-supports-invasive-pancreatic-cancer-growth
#6
Veronique L Veenstra, Helene Damhofer, Cynthia Waasdorp, Anne Steins, Hemant M Kocher, Jan Paul Medema, Hanneke W van Laarhoven, Maarten F Bijlsma
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is marked by an abundant stromal deposition. This stroma is suspected to harbor both tumor-promoting as well as -suppressing properties. This is underscored by the disappointing results of stroma targeting in clinical studies. Given the complexity of tumor-stroma interaction in PDAC, there is a need to identify the stromal proteins that are predominantly tumor-promoting. One possible candidate is SPOCK1 that we previously identified in a screening effort in PDAC. We extensively mined PDAC gene expression datasets, and used species-specific transcript analysis in mixed-species models for PDAC to study the patterns and driver mechanisms of SPOCK1 expression in PDAC...
May 9, 2017: Molecular Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485700/disgust-and-anger-relate-to-different-aggressive-responses-to-moral-violations
#7
Catherine Molho, Joshua M Tybur, Ezgi Güler, Daniel Balliet, Wilhelm Hofmann
In response to the same moral violation, some people report experiencing anger, and others report feeling disgust. Do differences in emotional responses to moral violations reflect idiosyncratic differences in the communication of outrage, or do they reflect differences in motivational states? Whereas equivalence accounts suggest that anger and disgust are interchangeable expressions of condemnation, sociofunctional accounts suggest that they have distinct antecedents and consequences. We tested these accounts by investigating whether anger and disgust vary depending on the costs imposed by moral violations and whether they differentially correspond with aggressive tendencies...
May 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485009/an-investigation-of-the-mechanism-underlying-teacher-aggression-testing-i-3-theory-and-the-general-aggression-model
#8
Paul Montuoro, Tim Mainhard
BACKGROUND: Considerable research has investigated the deleterious effects of teachers responding aggressively to students who misbehave, but the mechanism underlying this dysfunctional behaviour remains unknown. AIMS: This study investigated whether the mechanism underlying teacher aggression follows I(3) theory or General Aggression Model (GAM) metatheory of human aggression. I(3) theory explains exceptional, catastrophic events of human aggression, whereas the GAM explains common human aggression behaviours...
May 8, 2017: British Journal of Educational Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471014/reckless-self-destructive-behavior-and-ptsd-in-veterans-the-mediating-role-of-new-adverse-events
#9
Joanna D Lusk, Naomi Sadeh, Erika J Wolf, Mark W Miller
The addition of self-destructive and reckless behavior as a symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in DSM-5 has stimulated renewed interest in understanding relationships between these behaviors and trauma-related psychopathology. This study examined the relationship between reckless and self-destructive behaviors (RSDB), intervening exposure to new adverse events, and later PTSD severity in a sample of trauma-exposed veterans. At baseline, participants were assessed for RSDB (past 5 years) and current PTSD severity (N = 222)...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447137/-climate-change-physical-and-mental-consequences
#10
REVIEW
Maxie Bunz, Hans-Guido Mücke
Climate change has already had a large influence on the human environmental system and directly or indirectly affects physical and mental health. Triggered by extreme meteorological conditions, for example, storms, floods, earth slides and heat periods, the direct consequences range from illnesses to serious accidents with injuries, or in extreme cases fatalities. Indirectly, a changed environment due to climate change affects, amongst other things, the cardiovascular system and respiratory tract, and can also cause allergies and infectious diseases...
April 26, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443460/augmented-expression-of-runx1-deregulates-the-global-gene-expression-of-u87-glioblastoma-multiforme-cells-and-inhibits-tumor-growth-in-mice
#11
Yoel Bogoch, Gilgi Friedlander-Malik, Lior Lupu, Ekaterina Bondar, Nitzan Zohar, Sheila Langier, Zvi Ram, Ido Nachmany, Joseph M Klausner, Niv Pencovich
Glioblastoma multiforme is the most common and aggressive primary brain tumor in adults. A mesenchymal phenotype was associated with tumor aggressiveness and poor prognosis in glioblastoma multiforme patients. Recently, the transcription factor RUNX1 was suggested as a driver of the glioblastoma multiforme mesenchymal gene expression signature; however, its independent role in this process is yet to be described. Here, we assessed the role of RUNX1 in U87 glioblastoma multiforme cells in correspondence to its mediated transcriptome and genome-wide occupancy pattern...
April 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403690/exploring-the-relationship-between-victims-and-witnesses-of-aggression-and-anger-expression-in-thai-adolescents
#12
Nualnong Wongtongkam, Paul Russell Ward, Andrew Day, Anthony Harold Winefield
OBJECTIVE: Young people who are victims of, or witnesses to, aggression are at increased risk of developing a psychological disorder and behaving aggressively themselves. The aim of this study was to report the prevalence of exposure to aggression in a sample of 1 770 students, aged 15-26 years recruited from technical colleges in Thailand. METHOD: Self-report questionnaires were used to assess the prevalence rates for both experiencing aggression as a victim and for witnessing an aggressive incident...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402839/borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms-and-criminal-justice-system-involvement-the-roles-of-emotion-driven-difficulties-controlling-impulsive-behaviors-and-physical-aggression
#13
Kelly E Moore, Matthew T Tull, Kim L Gratz
OBJECTIVE: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is associated with elevated risk for a variety of risky behaviors, including criminal behaviors. Yet, limited research has examined the relation of BPD to criminal justice (CJ) involvement, or the mechanisms underlying this relation. PROCEDURES: This study examined the role of two mechanisms, emotion-driven difficulties controlling impulsive behaviors and physical aggression, in the relation between BPD symptom severity and CJ involvement among 118 patients in residential substance abuse treatment (76% male; 62% African-American)...
March 15, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385303/assessment-of-a-tele-education-system%C3%A2-to%C3%A2-enhance-retinopathy-of-prematurity-training-by-international-ophthalmologists-in-training-in-mexico
#14
Samir N Patel, Maria Ana Martinez-Castellanos, David Berrones-Medina, Ryan Swan, Michael C Ryan, Karyn E Jonas, Susan Ostmo, J Peter Campbell, Michael F Chiang, R V Paul Chan
PURPOSE: To evaluate a tele-education system developed to improve diagnostic competency in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) by ophthalmologists-in-training in Mexico. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-eight ophthalmology residents and fellows from a training program in Mexico consented to participate. Twenty-nine of 58 trainees (50%) were randomized to the educational intervention (pretest, ROP tutorial, ROP educational chapters, and posttest), and 29 of 58 trainees (50%) were randomized to a control group (pretest and posttest only)...
April 3, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383936/borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms-and-aggression-a-within-person-process-model
#15
Lori N Scott, Aidan G C Wright, Joseph E Beeney, Sophie A Lazarus, Paul A Pilkonis, Stephanie D Stepp
Theoretical and empirical work suggests that aggression in those with borderline personality disorder (BPD) occurs primarily in the context of emotional reactivity, especially anger and shame, in response to perceived rejection. Using intensive repeated measures, we examined a within-person process model in which perceived rejection predicts increases in aggressive urges and behaviors via increases in negative affect (indirect effect) and in which BPD symptoms exacerbate this process (moderated mediation). Participants were 117 emerging adult women (ages 18-24) with recent histories of aggressive behavior who were recruited from a community-based longitudinal study of at-risk youth...
May 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375581/mule-deer-and-energy-development-ndash-long-term-trends-of-habituation-and-abundance
#16
Hall Sawyer, Nicole M Korfanta, Ryan M Nielson, Kevin L Monteith, Dale Strickland
As the extent and intensity of energy development in North America increases, so do disturbances to wildlife and the habitats they rely upon. Impacts to mule deer are of particular concern because some of the largest gas fields in the USA overlap critical winter ranges. Short-term studies of two to three years have shown that mule deer and other ungulates avoid energy infrastructure, however, there remains a common perception that ungulates habituate to energy development and thus, the potential for a demographic effect is low...
April 4, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368772/the-role-of-impulsivity-dimensions-in-the-relation-between-probable-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-aggressive-behavior-among-substance-users
#17
Nicole H Weiss, Kevin M Connolly, Kim L Gratz, Matthew T Tull
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder report heightened levels of numerous risky and health-compromising behaviors, including aggressive behaviors. Given evidence that aggressive behavior is associated with negative substance use disorder treatment outcomes, research is needed to identify the factors that may account for the association between PTSD and aggressive behavior among patients with substance use disorder. Thus, the goal of this study was to examine the role of impulsivity dimensions (i...
April 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364210/being-poorer-than-the-rest-of-the-neighborhood-relative-deprivation-and-problem-behavior-of-youth
#18
Jaap Nieuwenhuis, Maarten van Ham, Rongqin Yu, Susan Branje, Wim Meeus, Pieter Hooimeijer
According to the neighborhood effects hypothesis, there is a negative relation between neighborhood wealth and youth's problem behavior. It is often assumed that there are more problems in deprived neighborhoods, but there are also reports of higher rates of behavioral problems in more affluent neighborhoods. Much of this literature does not take into account relative wealth. Our central question was whether the economic position of adolescents' families, relative to the neighborhood in which they lived, was related to adolescents' internalizing and externalizing problem behavior...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359744/activation-of-the-kynurenine-pathway-predicts-poor-outcome-in-patients-with-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#19
Giuseppe Lucarelli, Monica Rutigliano, Matteo Ferro, Andrea Giglio, Angelica Intini, Francesco Triggiano, Silvano Palazzo, Margherita Gigante, Giuseppe Castellano, Elena Ranieri, Carlo Buonerba, Daniela Terracciano, Francesca Sanguedolce, Anna Napoli, Eugenio Maiorano, Franco Morelli, Pasquale Ditonno, Michele Battaglia
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of the kynurenine (KYN) pathway components and the prognostic role of the KYN-to-tryptophan ratio (KTR) in a cohort of patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of KYN pathway components was investigated by tissue microarray-based immunohistochemistry, indirect immunofluorescence, and confocal microscopy analysis in 100 ccRCC cases and 30 normal renal samples. The role of this pathway in sustaining cancer cell proliferation, migration, and chemoresistance was evaluated...
March 27, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345371/ewma-document-negative-pressure-wound-therapy
#20
Jan Apelqvist, Christian Willy, Ann-Mari Fagerdahl, Marco Fraccalvieri, Malin Malmsjö, Alberto Piaggesi, Astrid Probst, Peter Vowden
1. Introduction Since its introduction in clinical practice in the early 1990's negative pressure wounds therapy (NPWT) has become widely used in the management of complex wounds in both inpatient and outpatient care.(1) NPWT has been described as a effective treatment for wounds of many different aetiologies(2,3) and suggested as a gold standard for treatment of wounds such as open abdominal wounds,(4-6) dehisced sternal wounds following cardiac surgery(7,8) and as a valuable agent in complex non-healing wounds...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
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