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Indirect Aggression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206778/personal-and-cultural-identity-development-in-recently-immigrated-hispanic-adolescents-links-with-psychosocial-functioning
#1
Alan Meca, Raha F Sabet, Colleen M Farrelly, Cynthia G Benitez, Seth J Schwartz, Melinda Gonzales-Backen, Elma I Lorenzo-Blanco, Jennifer B Unger, Byron L Zamboanga, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Simona Picariello, Sabrina E Des Rosiers, Daniel W Soto, Monica Pattarroyo, Juan A Villamar, Karina M Lizzi
OBJECTIVES: This study examined directionality between personal (i.e., coherence and confusion) and cultural identity (i.e., ethnic and U.S.) as well as their additive effects on psychosocial functioning in a sample of recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents. METHOD: The sample consisted of 302 recent (<5 years) immigrant Hispanic adolescents (53% boys; Mage = 14.51 years at baseline; SD = .88 years) from Miami and Los Angeles who participated in a longitudinal study...
February 16, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187086/brief-report-flow-rate-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-through-a-spinal-needle-can-accurately-predict-intracranial-pressure-in-cryptococcal-meningitis
#2
Tom H Boyles, Elizabeth Gatley, Sean Wasserman, Graeme Meintjes
BACKGROUND: Patients with HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis (CM) commonly present with raised intracranial pressure (ICP). Aggressive management of raised ICP reduces mortality but requires manometers, which are unavailable in most resource-limited settings. The law of Poiseuille states that the rate of flow of liquid through a tube is directly proportional to the difference in pressure between each end, and it may be possible to indirectly determine ICP by measuring flow of CSF through a spinal needle rather than using a manometer...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178670/new-in-vivo-avatars-of-diffuse-intrinsic-pontine-gliomas-dipg-from-stereotactic-biopsies-performed-at-diagnosis
#3
Alexandre Plessier, Ludivine Le Dret, Pascale Varlet, Kévin Beccaria, Joëlle Lacombe, Sébastien Mériaux, Françoise Geffroy, Laurence Fiette, Patricia Flamant, Fabrice Chrétien, Thomas Blauwblomme, Stéphanie Puget, Jacques Grill, Marie-Anne Debily, David Castel
Diffuse Instrinsic Pontine Glioma is the most aggressive form of High Grade Gliomas in children. The lack of biological material and the absence of relevant models have hampered the development of new therapeutics. Their extensive infiltration of the brainstem renders any surgical resection impossible and until recently biopsies were considered not informative enough and therefore not recommended. Thus, most models were derived from autopsy material. We aimed to develop relevant in vivo DIPG models that mimic this specific disease and its molecular diversity from tumor material obtained at diagnosis...
February 2, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150983/a-self-regulatory-perspective-of-work-to-home-undermining-spillover-crossover-examining-the-roles-of-sleep-and-exercise
#4
Larissa K Barber, Shannon G Taylor, James P Burton, Sarah F Bailey
Research demonstrating that employees who are undermined at work engage in similar behavior at home suggests this connection reflects displaced aggression. In contrast, the present study draws on self-regulation theory to examine the work-home undermining spillover/crossover process. We propose that poor sleep quality transmits the influence of workplace undermining to home undermining per self-regulatory impairment, and exercise moderates this indirect effect per self-regulatory improvement. Using matched data from 118 employees and a member of their household to test our model, results demonstrated that undermining experienced from supervisors increased subjective (i...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141864/green-tea-polyphenol-induces-changes-in-cancer-related-factors-in-an-animal-model-of-bladder-cancer
#5
Tomohiro Matsuo, Yasuyoshi Miyata, Akihiro Asai, Yuji Sagara, Bungo Furusato, Junya Fukuoka, Hideki Sakai
Green tea polyphenol (GTP) suppresses carcinogenesis and aggressiveness in many types of malignancies including bladder cancer. However, the mechanistic basis of these effects is not well understood. This was investigated in the present study using a mouse model of chemically induced bladder cancer. C3H/He mice (8 weeks old; n = 46) were treated with 0.05% N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl) nitrosamine (BBN) solution for 14-24 weeks. Mice in the BBN + GTP group (n = 47) were also treated with 0.5% GTP solution over the same period...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134495/pathways-from-witnessing-parental-violence-during-childhood-to-involvement-in-intimate-partner-violence-in-adult-life-the-roles-of-depression-and-substance-use
#6
Clarice S Madruga, Maria Carmen Viana, Renata Rigacci Abdalla, Raul Caetano, Ronaldo Laranjeira
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of witnessing parental violence (WPV) during childhood and of current intimate partner violence (IPV) victimisation and aggression in a Brazilian sample, in order to verify pathways between WPV and involvement in IPV as an adult. DESIGN AND METHODS: The mediating roles of substance use and depression were investigated. Data came from the Second Brazilian National Alcohol and Drugs Survey, a multi-cluster probabilistic household survey, which gathered information on the use of psychoactive substances, current depressive disorder, history of childhood direct and indirect exposure to domestic violence and IPV in a nationally representative sample...
January 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127778/maternal-depression-and-intimate-partner-violence-exposure-longitudinal-analyses-of-the-development-of-aggressive-behavior-in-an-at-risk-sample
#7
Megan R Holmes, Susan Yoon, Kristen A Berg
A substantial body of literature has documented the negative effects of intimate partner violence (IPV) on a wide range of children's developmental outcomes. However, whether a child's exposure to IPV leads to increased adjustment difficulties is likely to depend on a variety of factors, including the caregiver's mental health and the developmental time period when IPV exposure occurs. The present study seeks to improve our understanding of the long-term effects of IPV exposure and maternal depression on the development of children's overt aggressive behavior...
January 27, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122113/social-buffering-in-a-eusocial-invertebrate-termite-soldiers-reduce-the-lethal-impact-of-competitor-cues-on-workers
#8
Li Tian, Evan L Preisser, Kenneth F Haynes, Xuguo Zhou
While the impact of predator-induced stress on prey has received considerable attention, there has been far less research into the effect of competitors. Cues from aggressive competitors should be particularly likely to evoke behavioral and/or physiological responses, since they may be indicative of both direct (interference) and indirect (exploitative) threats. The danger posed by such competitors, and the 'fear' they evoke, should be reduced at lower competitor densities and by the presence of individual conspecifics specialized for defense...
January 25, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113062/implicit-aggressiveness-in-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-as-assessed-by-an-implicit-association-test
#9
Barbara Cludius, Alexander F Schmidt, Steffen Moritz, Rainer Banse, Lena Jelinek
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cognitive models of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) highlight the role of cognitive biases for the development of the disorder. One of these biases, an inflated sense of responsibility has been associated with higher anger scores and latent aggression on self-report scales, especially in patients with compulsive checking. Validity of self-report assessment is, however, compromised by inaccuracy, social desirability, and low metacognitive awareness of traits and behaviors in patients...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073033/situating-violent-ideations-within-the-landscape-of-mental-health-associations-between-violent-ideations-and-dimensions-of-mental-health
#10
Aja Louise Murray, Manuel Eisner, Ingrid Obsuth, Denis Ribeaud
Violent ideations occur more frequently in individuals with mental health problems. They may be of interest in clinical contexts as possible indicators of dangerousness, as corollaries of mental health problems, as candidate treatment targets and as potentially playing a role in perpetuation or onset of symptoms. In spite of their relevance to mental health, some fundamental questions about their place within the broader landscape of mental health problems remain unanswered. To provide a basic characterisation of the relations between violent ideations and dimensions of mental health and provide a foundation for future research in this area we factor analysed a measure of violent ideations and an omnibus measure of mental health dimensions in a normative sample of 1306 youth (at age 17)...
January 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052762/indirect-treatment-comparison-of-dabrafenib-plus-trametinib-versus-vemurafenib-plus-cobimetinib-in-previously-untreated-metastatic-melanoma-patients
#11
Adil Daud, Japinder Gill, Sheily Kamra, Lei Chen, Amit Ahuja
BACKGROUND: Metastatic melanoma is an aggressive form of skin cancer with a high mortality rate and the fastest growing global incidence rate of all malignancies. The introduction of BRAF/MEK inhibitor combinations has yielded significant increases in PFS and OS for melanoma. However, at present, no direct comparisons between different BRAF/MEK combinations have been conducted. In light of this, an indirect treatment comparison was performed between two BRAF/MEK inhibitor combination therapies for metastatic melanoma, dabrafenib plus trametinib and vemurafenib plus cobimetinib, in order to understand the relative efficacy and toxicity profiles of these therapies...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045283/classroom-level-adversity-associations-with-children-s-internalizing-and-externalizing-behaviors-across-elementary-school
#12
Tashia Abry, Crystal I Bryce, Jodi Swanson, Robert H Bradley, Richard A Fabes, Robert F Corwyn
Concerns regarding the social-behavioral maladjustment of U.S. youth have spurred efforts among educators and policymakers to identify and remedy educational contexts that exacerbate children's anxiety, depression, aggression, and misconduct. However, investigations of the influence of collective classroom student characteristics on individuals' social-behavioral functioning are few. The present study examined concurrent and longitudinal relations between adversity factors facing the collective classroom student group and levels of children's internalizing and externalizing behaviors across the elementary school years, and whether the pattern of relations differed for girls and boys...
January 2, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031080/the-interaction-between-monoamine-oxidase-a-and-punitive-discipline-in-the-development-of-antisocial-behavior-mediation-by-maladaptive-social-information-processing
#13
Chardée A Galán, Daniel Ewon Choe, Erika E Forbes, Daniel S Shaw
Previous studies demonstrate that boys' monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) genotype interacts with adverse rearing environments in early childhood, including punitive discipline, to predict later antisocial behavior. Yet the mechanisms by which MAOA and punitive parenting interact during childhood to amplify risk for antisocial behavior are not well understood. In the present study, hostile attributional bias and aggressive response generation during middle childhood, salient aspects of maladaptive social information processing, were tested as possible mediators of this relation in a sample of 187 low-income men followed prospectively from infancy into early adulthood...
December 29, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007644/association-between-htr1b-alleles-and-suicidal-ideation-in-individuals-with-major-depressive-disorder
#14
Wei-Tsung Kao, Ming-Chang Yang, For-Wey Lung
Serotonin receptors, also known as 5-hydroxytryptamine receptors (HTRs), play a role in individuals' vulnerability to major depressive disorders (MDDs) and/or suicide attempts. In the first part of the study, we recruited 789 Taiwanese participants, which included 285 MDD patients, 191 MDD patients with a history of suicide attempts (MS), and 313 controls. The three groups were genotyped to identify HTR single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and we analyzed the correlations among the three groups. In the second part of the study, which involved a functional test of HTR1B allelic and haplotype variants, another 113 MDD patients were recruited...
December 19, 2016: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992551/affluence-and-private-health-insurance-influence-treatment-and-survival-in-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#15
Harry Comber, Marianna De Camargo Cancela, Trutz Haase, Howard Johnson, Linda Sharp, Jonathan Pratschke
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate inequalities in survival for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), distinguishing between direct and indirect effects of patient, social and process-of-care factors. METHODS: All cases of NHL diagnosed in Ireland in 2004-2008 were included. Variables describing patient, cancer, stage and process of care were included in a discrete-time model of survival using Structural Equation Modelling software. RESULTS: Emergency admissions were more common in patients with co-morbid conditions or with more aggressive cancers, and less frequent for patients from more affluent areas...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992079/expression-of-claudin-11-by-tumor-cells-in-cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-is-dependent-on-the-activity-of-p38%C3%AE
#16
Liisa Nissinen, Elina Siljamäki, Pilvi Riihilä, Minna Piipponen, Mehdi Farshchian, Atte Kivisaari, Markku Kallajoki, Laura Raiko, Juha Peltonen, Sirkku Peltonen, Veli-Matti Kähäri
The incidence of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is rapidly increasing and the prognosis of patients with metastatic disease is poor. There is an emerging need to identify molecular markers for predicting aggressive behavior of cSCC. Here, we have examined the role of tight junction components in the progression of cSCC. The expression pattern of mRNAs for tight junction components was determined with RNA sequencing and oligonucleotide array-based expression analysis from cSCC cell lines (n=8) and normal human epidermal keratinocytes (NHEK, n=5)...
December 19, 2016: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902950/harsh-parenting-and-peer-acceptance-in-chinese-early-adolescents-three-child-aggression-subtypes-as-mediators-and-child-gender-as-moderator
#17
Mingzhong Wang
This study examined the mediating roles of three types of child aggression in the relation between harsh parenting and Chinese early adolescents' peer acceptance as well as the moderating role of child gender on this indirect relation. 833 children (mean age=13.58, 352 girls) with their parents were recruited as participants from two junior high schools in Shandong Province, People's Republic of China. The results showed that paternal harsh parenting was only associated with boys' aggressive behaviors and maternal harsh parenting was only associated with boys' and girls' verbal aggression...
January 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871720/-guidelines-for-the-prescription-of-mood-stabilizers-for-adolescents-a-literature-review
#18
G Munch, N Godart
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is a unique phase of the human developmental process. In adolescents, psychotropic medications may have different efficacy and tolerance profiles compared to those at other stages of the lifespan. Mood stabilizers are a complex pharmacological category including lithium, some anticonvulsants, and some second generation antipsychotics. Focusing on this class of pharmacological agents, we aim to answer the following questions: in which indications and according to which modalities should mood stabilizers be prescribed during adolescence? METHODS: Information was sought from the websites of the French Haute Autorité de santé (HAS) and Agence nationale de sécurité du médicament et des produits de santé (ANSM), the American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the British National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE)...
November 18, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866948/pulmonary-embolism-rates-following-total-hip-arthroplasty-with-prophylactic-anticoagulation-some-pulmonary-emboli-cannot-be-avoided
#19
Jay R Lieberman, Vincent Cheng, Mark P Cote
BACKGROUND: A symptomatic pulmonary embolism (PE) after total joint arthroplasty has been described as a "never event." Despite potent anticoagulants and improvements in patient care, PE continues to occur following total hip arthroplasty (THA). This study evaluates symptomatic PE rates over time in THA patients enrolled in multicenter randomized clinical trials (RCTs) assessing the efficacy of venous thromboembolism prophylaxis regimens. METHODS: The MEDLINE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched to identify clinical trials assessing prophylactic anticoagulation in patients undergoing THA between January 1995 and December 2015...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856663/stable-activation-of-fibroblasts-in-rheumatic-arthritis-causes-and-consequences
#20
REVIEW
Adelheid Korb-Pap, Jessica Bertrand, Joanna Sherwood, Thomas Pap
The progressive destruction of articular cartilage is a hallmark of RA, a systemic autoimmune disease predominantly affecting synovial joints that often results in severe disability. Fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLSs) have been demonstrated to play a key role in both the initiation and perpetuation of the disease. During RA pathogenesis, FLSs acquire a permanently aggressive, tumour-like phenotype that mediates cartilage destruction both directly and indirectly. This short review summarizes the recent advances in the understanding of FLS cellular transformation during RA, as well as the consequences for disease progression and for novel treatment strategies...
December 2016: Rheumatology
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