keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Indirect Aggression

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403690/exploring-the-relationship-between-victims-and-witnesses-of-aggression-and-anger-expression-in-thai-adolescents
#1
Nualnong Wongtongkam, Paul Russell Ward, Andrew Day, Anthony Harold Winefield
OBJECTIVE: Young people who are victims of, or witnesses to, aggression are at increased risk of developing a psychological disorder and behaving aggressively themselves. The aim of this study was to report the prevalence of exposure to aggression in a sample of 1 770 students, aged 15-26 years recruited from technical colleges in Thailand. METHOD: Self-report questionnaires were used to assess the prevalence rates for both experiencing aggression as a victim and for witnessing an aggressive incident...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402839/borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms-and-criminal-justice-system-involvement-the-roles-of-emotion-driven-difficulties-controlling-impulsive-behaviors-and-physical-aggression
#2
Kelly E Moore, Matthew T Tull, Kim L Gratz
OBJECTIVE: Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is associated with elevated risk for a variety of risky behaviors, including criminal behaviors. Yet, limited research has examined the relation of BPD to criminal justice (CJ) involvement, or the mechanisms underlying this relation. PROCEDURES: This study examined the role of two mechanisms, emotion-driven difficulties controlling impulsive behaviors and physical aggression, in the relation between BPD symptom severity and CJ involvement among 118 patients in residential substance abuse treatment (76% male; 62% African-American)...
March 15, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385303/assessment-of-a-tele-education-system%C3%A2-to%C3%A2-enhance-retinopathy-of-prematurity-training-by-international-ophthalmologists-in-training-in-mexico
#3
Samir N Patel, Maria Ana Martinez-Castellanos, David Berrones-Medina, Ryan Swan, Michael C Ryan, Karyn E Jonas, Susan Ostmo, J Peter Campbell, Michael F Chiang, R V Paul Chan
PURPOSE: To evaluate a tele-education system developed to improve diagnostic competency in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) by ophthalmologists-in-training in Mexico. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-eight ophthalmology residents and fellows from a training program in Mexico consented to participate. Twenty-nine of 58 trainees (50%) were randomized to the educational intervention (pretest, ROP tutorial, ROP educational chapters, and posttest), and 29 of 58 trainees (50%) were randomized to a control group (pretest and posttest only)...
April 3, 2017: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383936/borderline-personality-disorder-symptoms-and-aggression-a-within-person-process-model
#4
Lori N Scott, Aidan G C Wright, Joseph E Beeney, Sophie A Lazarus, Paul A Pilkonis, Stephanie D Stepp
Theoretical and empirical work suggests that aggression in those with borderline personality disorder (BPD) occurs primarily in the context of emotional reactivity, especially anger and shame, in response to perceived rejection. Using intensive repeated measures, we examined a within-person process model in which perceived rejection predicts increases in aggressive urges and behaviors via increases in negative affect (indirect effect) and in which BPD symptoms exacerbate this process (moderated mediation). Participants were 117 emerging adult women (ages 18-24) with recent histories of aggressive behavior who were recruited from a community-based longitudinal study of at-risk youth...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375581/mule-deer-and-energy-development-ndash-long-term-trends-of-habituation-and-abundance
#5
Hall Sawyer, Nicole M Korfanta, Ryan M Nielson, Kevin L Monteith, Dale Strickland
As the extent and intensity of energy development in North America increases, so do disturbances to wildlife and the habitats they rely upon. Impacts to mule deer are of particular concern because some of the largest gas fields in the USA overlap critical winter ranges. Short-term studies of two to three years have shown that mule deer and other ungulates avoid energy infrastructure, however, there remains a common perception that ungulates habituate to energy development and thus, the potential for a demographic effect is low...
April 4, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368772/the-role-of-impulsivity-dimensions-in-the-relation-between-probable-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-aggressive-behavior-among-substance-users
#6
Nicole H Weiss, Kevin M Connolly, Kim L Gratz, Matthew T Tull
OBJECTIVE: Individuals with co-occurring posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and substance use disorder report heightened levels of numerous risky and health-compromising behaviors, including aggressive behaviors. Given evidence that aggressive behavior is associated with negative substance use disorder treatment outcomes, research is needed to identify the factors that may account for the association between PTSD and aggressive behavior among patients with substance use disorder. Thus, the goal of this study was to examine the role of impulsivity dimensions (i...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364210/being-poorer-than-the-rest-of-the-neighborhood-relative-deprivation-and-problem-behavior-of-youth
#7
Jaap Nieuwenhuis, Maarten van Ham, Rongqin Yu, Susan Branje, Wim Meeus, Pieter Hooimeijer
According to the neighborhood effects hypothesis, there is a negative relation between neighborhood wealth and youth's problem behavior. It is often assumed that there are more problems in deprived neighborhoods, but there are also reports of higher rates of behavioral problems in more affluent neighborhoods. Much of this literature does not take into account relative wealth. Our central question was whether the economic position of adolescents' families, relative to the neighborhood in which they lived, was related to adolescents' internalizing and externalizing problem behavior...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359744/activation-of-the-kynurenine-pathway-predicts-poor-outcome-in-patients-with-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#8
Giuseppe Lucarelli, Monica Rutigliano, Matteo Ferro, Andrea Giglio, Angelica Intini, Francesco Triggiano, Silvano Palazzo, Margherita Gigante, Giuseppe Castellano, Elena Ranieri, Carlo Buonerba, Daniela Terracciano, Francesca Sanguedolce, Anna Napoli, Eugenio Maiorano, Franco Morelli, Pasquale Ditonno, Michele Battaglia
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of the kynurenine (KYN) pathway components and the prognostic role of the KYN-to-tryptophan ratio (KTR) in a cohort of patients with clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression of KYN pathway components was investigated by tissue microarray-based immunohistochemistry, indirect immunofluorescence, and confocal microscopy analysis in 100 ccRCC cases and 30 normal renal samples. The role of this pathway in sustaining cancer cell proliferation, migration, and chemoresistance was evaluated...
March 27, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345371/ewma-document-negative-pressure-wound-therapy
#9
Jan Apelqvist, Christian Willy, Ann-Mari Fagerdahl, Marco Fraccalvieri, Malin Malmsjö, Alberto Piaggesi, Astrid Probst, Peter Vowden
1. Introduction Since its introduction in clinical practice in the early 1990's negative pressure wounds therapy (NPWT) has become widely used in the management of complex wounds in both inpatient and outpatient care.(1) NPWT has been described as a effective treatment for wounds of many different aetiologies(2,3) and suggested as a gold standard for treatment of wounds such as open abdominal wounds,(4-6) dehisced sternal wounds following cardiac surgery(7,8) and as a valuable agent in complex non-healing wounds...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341852/profiling-of-long-non-coding-rnas-identifies-linc00958-and-linc01296-as-candidate-oncogenes-in-bladder-cancer
#10
Anna Katharina Seitz, Lise Lotte Christensen, Emil Christensen, Kasper Faarkrog, Marie Stampe Ostenfeld, Jakob Hedegaard, Iver Nordentoft, Morten Muhlig Nielsen, Johan Palmfeldt, Michelle Thomson, Michael Theis Solgaard Jensen, Roman Nawroth, Tobias Maurer, Torben Falck Ørntoft, Jørgen Bjerggaard Jensen, Christian Kroun Damgaard, Lars Dyrskjøt
Aberrant expression of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) has been regarded as a critical component in bladder cancer (BC) and lncRNAs have been associated with BC development and progression although their overall expression and functional significance is still unclear. The aim of our study was to identify novel lncRNAs with a functional role in BC carcinogenesis. RNA-sequencing was used to identify aberrantly expressed lncRNAs in 8 normal and 72 BC samples. We identified 89 lncRNAs that were significantly dys-regulated in BC...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322873/fortune-favours-the-brave-movement-responses-shape-demographic-dynamics-in-strongly-competing-populations
#11
Jonathan R Potts, Sergei V Petrovskii
Animal movement is a key mechanism for shaping population dynamics. The effect of interactions between competing animals on a population's survival has been studied for many decades. However, interactions also affect an animal's subsequent movement decisions. Despite this, the indirect effect of these decisions on animal survival is much less well-understood. Here, we incorporate movement responses to foreign animals into a model of two competing populations, where inter-specific competition is greater than intra-specific competition...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319067/the-histone-demethylase-kdm3a-and-its-downstream-target-mcam-promote-ewing-sarcoma-cell-migration-and-metastasis
#12
M Sechler, J K Parrish, D K Birks, P Jedlicka
Ewing Sarcoma is the second most common solid pediatric malignant neoplasm of bone and soft tissue. Driven by EWS/Ets, or rarely variant, oncogenic fusions, Ewing Sarcoma is a biologically and clinically aggressive disease with a high propensity for metastasis. However, the mechanisms underpinning Ewing Sarcoma metastasis are currently not well understood. In the present study, we identify and characterize a novel metastasis-promotional pathway in Ewing Sarcoma, involving the histone demethylase KDM3A, previously identified by our laboratory as a new cancer-promoting gene in this disease...
March 20, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302641/gradual-escalation-of-use-of-force-reduces-police-officer-injury
#13
Katelyn K Jetelina, Jennifer M Reingle Gonzalez, Stephen A Bishopp
OBJECTIVE: To examine how escalation through the force continuum predicts officer injury in the presence of citizen aggression, while controlling for extraneous factors, like citizen and officer characteristics. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were extracted from 2244 use-of-force reports from the Dallas Police Department in 2015. Multilevel, mixed logistic regression models were used to evaluate the relationship between use of force and officer injury. Multilevel path analysis tested indirect and direct relationships between citizen aggression and officer injury...
March 16, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302245/amniotic-fluid-embolism
#14
Tayyab Mohyuddin, Shahbaz Sarwar, Dawar Ayyaz
We report a case of 34-year patient who had uncomplicated elective caesarean-section. Postoperatively, she developed sudden hypotension, bradycardia, dyspnea and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), all signs associated with amniotic fluid embolism (AFE). Echocardiogram showed signs of acutely increased right ventricular after load including McConell's sign, i.e. right ventricular dilatation, segmental hypokinesia (mid-right ventricular) and hypercontractile right ventricular apex and overall right ventricular dysfunction...
March 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296207/understanding-the-relationship-between-suicidality-current-depressed-mood-personality-and-cognitive-factors
#15
Shri Cameron, Verity J Brown, Barbara Dritschel, Kevin Power, Malcolm Cook
OBJECTIVES: Links between suicidality and depressed mood are well established. There is, however, little information about the emotional regulation processes that underlie the relationship between suicidality and current low mood, and how these processes differ between groups of never-suicidal (NS), suicidal ideators, and suicide attempters. As suicidality and depression are heterogeneous constructs, this study aimed to conduct within- and between-group comparisons of known suicide risk factors that are associated with emotion regulation (neuroticism, trait aggression, brooding, impulsivity, and overgeneral autobiographical memories)...
March 11, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288796/opposite-effects-of-nonapeptide-antagonists-on-paternal-behavior-in-the-teleost-fish-amphiprion-ocellaris
#16
Ross DeAngelis, Joseph Gogola, Logan Dodd, Justin S Rhodes
The nonapeptides isotocin (IT) and arginine vasotocin (AVT), along with their mammalian homologs oxytocin and arginine vasopressin, are well known regulators of social behaviors across vertebrate taxa. However, little is known about their involvement in paternal care. Here, we measured the effect of an IT and an AVT V1a receptor antagonist on paternal behaviors in the primarily paternal teleost Amphiprion ocellaris. We also measured the effect of the IT receptor antagonist on aggression in dyadic contests between two non-reproductive fish to assess specificity of the effect on paternal behaviors...
March 17, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285690/the-cell-cell-interaction-between-tumor-associated-macrophages-and-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells-is-involved-in-tumor-progression-via-stat3-activation
#17
Toyohisa Iriki, Koji Ohnishi, Yukio Fujiwara, Hasita Horlad, Yoichi Saito, Cheng Pan, Koei Ikeda, Takeshi Mori, Makoto Suzuki, Hidenori Ichiyasu, Hirotsugu Kohrogi, Motohiro Takeya, Yoshihiro Komohara
OBJECTIVES: Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive tumor with a poor prognosis. It is well known that various stromal cells, including macrophages, play a role in tumor progression in several types of malignant tumors; however, the significance of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in SCLC has not been fully elucidated. Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) is a molecule well-known to be related to tumor progression. In the present study, we investigated the relationship of TAMs and SCLC cells to test the hypothesis that TAMs induce tumor progression in SCLC via STAT3 activation...
April 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282773/association-of-periodontitis-with-preterm-birth-and-low-birth-weight-a-comprehensive-review
#18
Alberto Puertas, Antonio Magan-Fernandez, Vanessa Blanc, Laura Revelles, Francisco O'Valle, Elena Pozo, Ruben León, Francisco Mesa
It is estimated that six million perinatal deaths occur every year worldwide, with premature birth being the main cause. Scientific evidence has shown that there is an association between periodontal health during pregnancy and adverse outcomes of labor, although interventional studies based on the treatment of periodontitis have failed to document an impact on reducing the incidence of preterm birth (PB) or low birth weight (LBW). Two pathogenic mechanisms have been proposed to explain this association. The direct pathway is based on the presence of gram-negative anaerobic bacteremia originating in the gingival biofilm, whereas the indirect pathway involves the production of pro-inflammatory markers which enter the bloodstream from the gingival submucosa...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230773/programmed-death-ligand-1-pd-l1-tumor-expression-is-associated-with-a-better-prognosis-and-diabetic-disease-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-patients
#19
Gerardo Botti, Francesca Collina, Giosuè Scognamiglio, Federica Rao, Valentina Peluso, Rossella De Cecio, Michela Piezzo, Gabriella Landi, Michelino De Laurentiis, Monica Cantile, Maurizio Di Bonito
Triple Negative Breast Cancers (TNBC) subtype is an aggressive disease with poor clinical outcome. The only treatment available is surgery followed by chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) is a trans-membrane protein expressed on a wide variety of cells including immune cells, epithelial and vascular endothelial cells. Recently, PD-1/PD-L1 pathway signaling was described as an adaptive immune resistance mechanism enacted by the tumor cells to evade the immune response. Its presence on tumor cell membranes, acquired for this reason, through time, is an important prognostic value...
February 21, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216563/the-genomic-impact-of-dna-cpg-methylation-on-gene-expression-relationships-in-prostate-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Mark D Long, Dominic J Smiraglia, Moray J Campbell
The process of DNA CpG methylation has been extensively investigated for over 50 years and revealed associations between changing methylation status of CpG islands and gene expression. As a result, DNA CpG methylation is implicated in the control of gene expression in developmental and homeostasis processes, as well as being a cancer-driver mechanism. The development of genome-wide technologies and sophisticated statistical analytical approaches has ushered in an era of widespread analyses, for example in the cancer arena, of the relationships between altered DNA CpG methylation, gene expression, and tumor status...
February 14, 2017: Biomolecules
keyword
keyword
57458
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"