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Menno van Lookeren Campagne, Admar Verschoor
Rapid elimination of microbes from the bloodstream, along with the ability to mount an adaptive immune response, are essential for optimal host-defense. Kupffer cells are strategically positioned in the liver sinusoids and efficiently capture circulating microbes from the hepatic artery and portal vein, thus preventing bacterial dissemination. In vivo and in vitro studies have probed how complement receptor of the immunoglobulin superfamily (CRIg), also referred to as Z39Ig and V-set and Ig domain-containing 4 (VSIG4), acts as a critical player in pathogen recognition and clearance...
March 21, 2018: Seminars in Immunology
Xiaomei Yuan, Bi-Huei Yang, Yi Dong, Asami Yamamura, Wenxian Fu
How tissue-resident macrophages (TRM) impact adaptive immune responses remains poorly understood. We report novel mechanisms by which TRMs regulate T cell activities at tissue sites. These mechanisms are mediated by the complement receptor of immunoglobulin family (CRIg). Using animal models for autoimmune type 1 diabetes (T1D), we found that CRIg+ TRMs formed a protective barrier surrounding pancreatic islets. Genetic ablation of CRIg exacerbated islet inflammation and local T cell activation. CRIg exhibited a dual function of attenuating early T cell activation and promoting the differentiation of Foxp3+ regulatory (Treg) cells...
November 24, 2017: ELife
E Muller, S Ravel, C Agret, F Abrokwah, H Dzahini-Obiatey, I Galyuon, K Kouakou, E C Jeyaseelan, J Allainguillaume, A Wetten
Cacao swollen shoot virus is a member of the family Caulimoviridae, genus Badnavirus and is naturally transmitted to Theobroma cacao (L.) by several mealybug species. CSSV populations in West African countries are highly variable and genetically structured into several different groups based on the diversity in the first part of ORF3 which encodes the movement protein. To unravel the extent of isolate diversity and address the problems of low titer and mixed viral sequences in samples, we used Illumina MiSeq and HiSeq technology...
January 15, 2018: Virus Research
Frank Kumah Adjei, Yaa Asantewaa Osei, Noble Kuntworbe, Kwabena Ofori-Kwakye
The disintegrant potential of native starches of five new cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz.) varieties developed by the Crops Research Institute of Ghana (CRIG) was studied in paracetamol tablet formulations. The yield of the starches ranged from 8.0 to 26.7%. The starches were basic (pH: 8.1-9.9), with satisfactory moisture content (≤15%), swelling capacity (≥20%), ash values (<1%), flow properties, and negligible toxic metal ion content, and compatible with the drug. The tensile strength (Ts ), crushing strength (Cs ), and friability (Ft ) of tablets containing 5-10% w/w of the cassava starches were similar (p > 0...
2017: Journal of Pharmaceutics
Usma Munawara, Annabelle G Small, Alex Quach, Nick N Gorgani, Catherine A Abbott, Antonio Ferrante
Complement Receptor Immunoglobulin (CRIg), selectively expressed by macrophages, plays an important role in innate immunity by promoting phagocytosis of bacteria. Thus modulation of CRIg on macrophages by cytokines can be an important mechanism by which cytokines regulate anti-microbial immunity. The effects of the cytokines, tumor necrosis factor, transforming growth factor-β1, interferon-γ, interleukin (IL)-4, IL-13, IL-10, IL-1β, IL-6, lymphotoxin-α, macrophage-colony stimulating factor (M-CSF) and GM-CSF on CRIg expression were examined in human macrophages...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
Fang Zheng, Harris Perlman, Patrick Matthys, Yurong Wen, Tony Lahoutte, Serge Muyldermans, Shemin Lu, Patrick De Baetselier, Steve Schoonooghe, Nick Devoogdt, Geert Raes
Single-photon emission computed tomography combined with micro-CT (SPECT/μCT) imaging using Nanobodies against complement receptor of the Ig superfamily (CRIg), found on tissue macrophages such as synovial macrophages, has promising potential to visualize joint inflammation in experimental arthritis. Here, we further addressed the specificity and assessed the potential for arthritis monitoring. Signals obtained with (99m)Tc-labelled NbV4m119 Nanobody were compared in joints of wild type (WT) versus CRIg(-/-) mice with collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) or K/BxN serum transfer-induced arthritis (STIA)...
October 25, 2016: Scientific Reports
Hiroyuki Nakashima, Masahiro Nakashima, Manabu Kinoshita, Masami Ikarashi, Hiromi Miyazaki, Hiromi Hanaka, Junko Imaki, Shuhji Seki
We have recently reported that Kupffer cells consist of two subsets, radio-resistant resident CD68+ Kupffer cells and radio-sensitive recruited CD11b+ Kupffer cells/macrophages (Mφs). Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is characterized not only by hepatic steatosis but also chronic inflammation and fibrosis. In the present study, we investigated the immunological mechanism of diet-induced steatohepatitis in fibroblast growth factor 5 (FGF5) deficient mice. After consumption of a high fat diet (HFD) for 8 weeks, FGF5 null mice developed severe steatohepatitis and fibrosis resembling human NASH...
October 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
Katharine M Irvine, Xuan Banh, Victoria L Gadd, Kyle K Wojcik, Juliana K Ariffin, Sara Jose, Samuel Lukowski, Gregory J Baillie, Matthew J Sweet, Elizabeth E Powell
Infections are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with decompensated cirrhosis and ascites. Hypothesizing that innate immune dysfunction contributes to susceptibility to infection, we assessed ascitic fluid macrophage phenotype and function. The expression of complement receptor of the immunoglobulin superfamily (CRIg) and CCR2 defined two phenotypically and functionally distinct peritoneal macrophage subpopulations. The proportion of CRIg(hi) macrophages differed between patients and in the same patient over time, and a high proportion of CRIg(hi) macrophages was associated with reduced disease severity (model for end-stage liver disease) score...
June 2, 2016: JCI Insight
Kwang H Kim, Beom K Choi, Young H Kim, Chungyong Han, Ho S Oh, Don G Lee, Byoung S Kwon
VSIG4/CRIg (V-set and immunoglobulin domain containing 4) is a transmembrane receptor of the immunoglobulin superfamily that is expressed specifically on macrophages and mature dendritic cells. VSIG4 signaling accelerates phagocytosis of C3-opsonized bacteria, thereby efficiently clearing pathogens within macrophages. We found that VSIG4 signaling triggered by C3-opsonized Listeria (opLM) or by agonistic anti-VSIG4 monoclonal antibody (mAb) induced macrophages to form autophagosomes. VSIG4-induced autophagosomes were selectively colocalized with the intracellular LM while starvation-induced autophagosomes were not...
September 2016: Autophagy
Zhutian Zeng, Bas G J Surewaard, Connie H Y Wong, Joan A Geoghegan, Craig N Jenne, Paul Kubes
Kupffer cells (KCs), the vast pool of intravascular macrophages in the liver, help to clear blood-borne pathogens. The mechanisms by which KCs capture circulating pathogens remain unknown. Here we use intra-vital imaging of mice infected with Staphylococcus aureus to directly visualize the dynamic process of bacterial capture in the liver. Circulating S. aureus were captured by KCs in a manner dependent on the macrophage complement receptor CRIg, but the process was independent of complement. CRIg bound Staphylococcus aureus specifically through recognition of lipoteichoic acid (LTA), but not cell-wall-anchored surface proteins or peptidoglycan...
July 13, 2016: Cell Host & Microbe
Steven P Broadley, Ann Plaumann, Raffaele Coletti, Christin Lehmann, Andreas Wanisch, Amelie Seidlmeier, Knud Esser, Shanshan Luo, Patrick C Rämer, Steffen Massberg, Dirk H Busch, Menno van Lookeren Campagne, Admar Verschoor
Efficient clearance of bacteremia prevents life-threatening disease. Platelet binding to intravascular bacteria, a process involving platelet glycoprotein GPIb and bacterial opsonization with activated complement C3, influences blood clearance and anti-infective immunity. Using intravital microscopy of the bloodstream of mice infected with Listeria monocytogenes, we show that bacterial clearance is not a uniform process but a "dual-track" mechanism consisting of parallel "fast" and "slow" pathways. "Slow clearance" is regulated by time-dependent bacterial opsonization, stochastic platelet binding, and capture of bacteria-platelet-complexes via the complement receptor of the immunoglobulin superfamily, CRIg...
July 13, 2016: Cell Host & Microbe
Sung-Yong Choi, Jung-Hyun Choi
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of cervical traction treatment, cranial rhythmic impulse treatment, a manual therapy, and McKenzie exercise, a dynamic strengthening exercise, on patients who have the neck muscle stiffness of the infrequent episodic tension-type (IETTH) headache and frequent episodic tension-type headache(FETTH), as well as to provide the basic materials for clinical interventions. [Subjects] Twenty-seven subjects (males: 15, females: 12) who were diagnosed with IETTH and FETTH after treatment by a neurologist were divided into three groups: (a cervical traction group (CTG, n=9), a cranial rhythmic contractiongroup (CRIG, n=9), and a McKenzie exercise group (MEG, n=9)...
March 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Annabelle Grace Small, Marwah Al-Baghdadi, Alex Quach, Charles Hii, Antonio Ferrante
The B7 family-related protein, V-set and Ig domain (VSIG4) / Z39Ig / complement receptor immunoglobulin (CRIg), is a new player in the regulation of immunity to infection and inflammation. The unique features of this receptor as compared with classical complement receptors, CR3 and CR4, have heralded the emergence of new concepts in the regulation of innate and adaptive immunity. Its selective expression in tissue macrophages and dendritic cells has been considered of importance in host defence and in maintaining tolerance against self-antigens...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
Linda A Lieberman, Masayuki Mizui, Angèle Nalbandian, Robin Bossé, José C Crispín, George C Tsokos
Complement activation takes place in autoimmune diseases and accounts for tissue inflammation. Previously, complement inhibition has been considered for the treatment of SLE. Complement receptor of the immunoglobulin superfamily (CRIg) is a selective inhibitor of the alternative pathway of complement and a soluble form reverses established inflammation and bone destruction in experimental autoimmune arthritis. We asked whether specific inhibition of the alternative pathway could inhibit autoimmunity and/or organ damage in lupus-prone mice...
October 2015: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
Yuefang Ma, Kanchana Usuwanthim, Usma Munawara, Alex Quach, Nick N Gorgani, Catherine A Abbott, Charles S Hii, Antonio Ferrante
The complement receptor Ig (CRIg) is selectively expressed by macrophages. This receptor not only promotes the rapid phagocytosis of bacteria by macrophages but also has anti-inflammatory and immunosuppressive functions. Previous findings have suggested that protein kinase C (PKC) may be involved in the regulation of CRIg expression in human macrophages. We have now examined the role of PKCα in CRIg expression in human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM). Macrophages nucleofected with plasmid containing short hairpin RNA against PKCα showed markedly reduced expression of PKCα, but normal PKCζ expression, by Western blotting analysis, and vice versa...
March 15, 2015: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Qian Qiao, Xiaoyan Teng, Na Wang, Renquan Lu, Lin Guo, Xin Zhang, Yiqun Du, Wenjuan Wang, Suning Chen, Qian Wu, Guangsheng He, Yingwei Wang, Weiguo Hu
The inappropriate activation of complement may contribute to various immune diseases. The alternative pathway (AP) predominates during complement activation regardless of the initiating pathways. Hence, the main AP regulator factor H (FH) holds great potential as an attractive therapeutic intervention. In addition, complement receptor of the immunoglobulin superfamily (CRIg) has been demonstrated to inhibit AP and, more notably, still specifically binds to C3b/iC3b. We thus developed novel CRIg-targeted complement inhibitors by connecting the functional domains of CRIg and FH, which we termed CRIg-FH and CRIg-L-FH...
November 2014: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Fang Zheng, Stéphanie Put, Luc Bouwens, Tony Lahoutte, Patrick Matthys, Serge Muyldermans, Patrick De Baetselier, Nick Devoogdt, Geert Raes, Steve Schoonooghe
UNLABELLED: An accurate and noninvasive tracer able to detect molecular events underlying the development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) would be useful for RA diagnosis and drug efficacy assessment. A complement receptor of the Ig superfamily (CRIg) is expressed on synovial macrophages of RA patients, making it an interesting target for molecular imaging of RA. We aim to develop a radiotracer for the visualization of CRIg in a mouse model for RA using radiolabeled single-domain variable antibody VHH fragments (Nanobodies)...
May 2014: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Jeong-Seok Heo, Jong-Sook Park, Eun-Ju Lee, Tae-Hoon Kim, An-Soo Jang, Sung-Woo Park, Ji-Na Kim, Yang Gi Kim, Soo-Taek Uh, Jae-Seong Choi, Joo Ok Na, Yong-Hoon Kim, Sung-Hwan Jeong, Yong-bae Kim, Sung-Ryul Kim, Choon-Sik Park
BACKGROUND: Exacerbation of COPD is a major risk factor for bad prognosis of COPD. A few plasma proteins have been discovered to associate with hospital admission due to exacerbation up to date. We tried to find new plasma biomarkers to predict the exacerbation of COPD. METHODS: We examined the plasma of normal control (n = 8) and COPD stable (n = 8) and exacerbation (n = 8) using 2-Dimentional Electrophoresis. The differentially expressed protein spots were identified by MALDI-TOF...
April 2014: COPD
Masami Ikarashi, Hiroyuki Nakashima, Manabu Kinoshita, Atsushi Sato, Masahiro Nakashima, Hiromi Miyazaki, Kiyoshi Nishiyama, Junji Yamamoto, Shuhji Seki
Although mouse liver F4/80(+) Kupffer cells consist of cytokine-producing CD11b(+) cells and phagocytic CD68(+) cells, an undefined CD11b(-) CD68(-) subset (30%) also exists. We herein demonstrate a more fundamental classification by adding CD32 (FcγRII), which covers most liver F4/80(+) cells and the distinct functions of them. Among the F4/80(+) cells, 50%, 40%, and 30% of cells were CD32(+), CD68(+), and CD11b(+), respectively, and one-half of the CD68(+) cells coexpressed CD32. CD68(+) and CD32(+) cells, but not CD11b(+) cells, expressed a phagocytosis-related CRIg...
December 2013: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
Kwang H Kim, Beom K Choi, Keoung M Song, Ki W Cha, Young H Kim, Ho Lee, In-Seob Han, Byoung S Kwon
Macrophages provide a first line of defense against bacterial infection by engulfing and killing invading bacteria, but intracellular bacteria such as Listeria monocytogenes (LM) can survive in macrophages by various mechanisms of evasion. Complement receptor of the immunoglobulin (CRIg), a C3b receptor, binds to C3b on opsonized bacteria and facilitates clearance of the bacteria by promoting their uptake. We found that CRIg signaling induced by agonistic anti-CRIg mAb enhanced the killing of intracellular LM by macrophages, and that this occurred in LM-containing phagosomes...
March 2013: European Journal of Immunology
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