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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917688/a-randomized-trial-of-pocket-echocardiography-integrated-mobile-health-device-assessments-in-modern-structural-heart-disease-clinics
#1
Sanjeev P Bhavnani, Srikanth Sola, David Adams, Ashwin Venkateshvaran, P K Dash, Partho P Sengupta
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine whether mobile health (mHealth) device assessments used as clinical decision support tools at the point-of-care can reduce the time to treatment and improve long-term outcomes among patients with rheumatic and structural heart diseases (SHD). BACKGROUND: Newly developed smartphone-connected mHealth devices represent promising methods to diagnose common diseases in resource-limited areas; however, the impact of technology-based care on long-term outcomes has not been rigorously evaluated...
September 9, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911130/on-the-ferries-the-unmet-health-care-needs-of-transiting-refugees-in-greece
#2
Clare K Shortall, Rosanna Glazik, Alvin Sornum, Ceri Pritchard
Background: In 2015, over 850 000 refugees, asylum seekers and migrants arrived in Greece. In response to an overwhelming need for access to healthcare for them, Doctors of the World established the Refugee Ferry Project, which comprised of a clinic providing primary health care, and integrated mental health and psychosocial support on board a commercial ferry. Methods: Of the 1405 service users, 87.5% (1229/1405) originated from Syria, Afghanistan and Iraq. The majority were women 801/1405 (57%) and children 511/1405 (36%), including 50 pregnant women and 19 unaccompanied minors...
September 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901005/delivery-arrangements-for-health-systems-in-low-income-countries-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#3
REVIEW
Agustín Ciapponi, Simon Lewin, Cristian A Herrera, Newton Opiyo, Tomas Pantoja, Elizabeth Paulsen, Gabriel Rada, Charles S Wiysonge, Gabriel Bastías, Lilian Dudley, Signe Flottorp, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Sebastian Garcia Marti, Claire Glenton, Charles I Okwundu, Blanca Peñaloza, Fatima Suleman, Andrew D Oxman
BACKGROUND: Delivery arrangements include changes in who receives care and when, who provides care, the working conditions of those who provide care, coordination of care amongst different providers, where care is provided, the use of information and communication technology to deliver care, and quality and safety systems. How services are delivered can have impacts on the effectiveness, efficiency and equity of health systems. This broad overview of the findings of systematic reviews can help policymakers and other stakeholders identify strategies for addressing problems and improve the delivery of services...
September 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893264/maximizing-research-study-effectiveness-in-malaria-elimination-settings-a-mixed-methods-study-to-capture-the-experiences-of-field-based-staff
#4
Sara E Canavati, Cesia E Quintero, Britt Haller, Dysoley Lek, Sovann Yok, Jack S Richards, Maxine Anne Whittaker
BACKGROUND: In a drug-resistant, malaria elimination setting like Western Cambodia, field research is essential for the development of novel anti-malarial regimens and the public health solutions necessary to monitor the spread of resistance and eliminate infection. Such field studies often face a variety of similar implementation challenges, but these are rarely captured in a systematic way or used to optimize future study designs that might overcome similar challenges. Field-based research staff often have extensive experience and can provide valuable insight regarding these issues, but their perspectives and experiences are rarely documented and seldom integrated into future research protocols...
September 11, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890891/collaborative-approaches-and-policy-opportunities-for-accelerated-progress-toward-effective-disease-prevention-care-and-control-using-the-case-of-poverty-diseases-to-explore-universal-access-to-affordable-health-care
#5
Samia Laokri
BACKGROUND: There is a massive global momentum to progress toward the sustainable development and universal health coverage goals. However, effective policies to health-care coverage can only emerge through high-quality services delivered to empowered care users by means of strong local health systems and a translational standpoint. Health policies aimed at removing user fees for a defined health-care package may fail at reaching desired results if not applied with system thinking. METHOD: Secondary data analysis of two country-based cost-of-illness studies was performed to gain knowledge in informed decision-making toward enhanced access to care in the context of resource-constraint settings...
2017: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865985/extended-continuous-measures-of-functional-status-in-community-dwelling-persons-with-alzheimer-s-and-related-dementia-infrastructure-performance-tradeoffs-preliminary-data-and-promise
#6
Bradley Zylstra, George Netscher, Julien Jacquemot, Michael Schaffer, Galen Shen, Angela D Bowhay, Tamara L Braley, Katherine L Possin, Bruce L Miller, Alexandre M Bayen, A Katrin Schenk, Stephen J Bonasera
BACKGROUND: The past decades have seen phenomenal growth in the availability of inexpensive and powerful personal computing devices. Efforts to leverage these devices to improve health care outcomes promise to remake many aspects of healthcare delivery, but remain in their infancy. NEW METHOD: We describe the development of a mobile health platform designed for daily measures of functional status in ambulatory, community dwelling subjects, including those who have Alzheimer's disease or related neurodegenerative disorders...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863247/self-powered-pulse-sensor-for-antidiastole-of-cardiovascular-disease
#7
Han Ouyang, Jingjing Tian, Guanglong Sun, Yang Zou, Zhuo Liu, Hu Li, Luming Zhao, Bojing Shi, Yubo Fan, Yifan Fan, Zhong Lin Wang, Zhou Li
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death globally; fortunately, 90% of cardiovascular diseases are preventable by long-term monitoring of physiological signals. Stable, ultralow power consumption, and high-sensitivity sensors are significant for miniaturized wearable physiological signal monitoring systems. Here, this study proposes a flexible self-powered ultrasensitive pulse sensor (SUPS) based on triboelectric active sensor with excellent output performance (1.52 V), high peak signal-noise ratio (45 dB), long-term performance (10(7) cycles), and low cost price...
September 1, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859109/assessing-the-population-coverage-of-a-health-demographic-surveillance-system-using-satellite-imagery-and-crowd-sourcing
#8
Aurelio Di Pasquale, Robert S McCann, Nicolas Maire
Remotely sensed data can serve as an independent source of information about the location of residential structures in areas under demographic and health surveillance. We report on results obtained combining satellite imagery, imported from Bing, with location data routinely collected using the built-in GPS sensors of tablet computers, to assess completeness of population coverage in a Health and Demographic Surveillance System in Malawi. The Majete Malaria Project Health and Demographic Surveillance System, in Malawi, started in 2014 to support a project with the aim of studying the reduction of malaria using an integrated control approach by rolling out insecticide treated nets and improved case management supplemented with house improvement and larval source management...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857454/anatomy-education-in-occupational-therapy-curricula-perspectives-of-practitioners-in-the-united-states
#9
Katherine A Schofield
The study of human anatomy is an integral component in the education of future occupational therapists, yet there is a paucity of research that explores the anatomy needs of students and new practitioners. As a follow up from a pilot study that surveyed a small cohort of practicing therapists, this article aimed to determine occupational therapy (OT) practitioners' views on anatomy course structure and content deemed important to include in OT curricula, entry level practitioners' anatomy knowledge, and application of anatomy in current practice...
August 30, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855857/a-health-information-system-for-scalable-and-comprehensive-assessment-of-well-being-a-multidisciplinary-team-solution
#10
Leming Zhou, Valerie Watzlaf, Paul Abernathy, Mervat Abdelhak
To improve the health and well-being of the medically underserved in a free clinic in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, a multidisciplinary team representing several health information management and information technology (IT) professionals, including faculty, students, researchers, and clinicians, created a novel IT system called imHealthy. The imHealthy system includes four critical components: a multidomain well-being questionnaire, a mobile app for data collection and tracking, a customization of an open-source electronic health record (EHR), and a data integration and well-being evaluation program leading to recommendations for personalized interventions to caregivers serving the medically underserved...
2017: Perspectives in Health Information Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855233/a-mobile-based-community-health-management-information-system-for-community-health-workers-and-their-supervisors-in-2-districts-of-zambia
#11
Godfrey Biemba, Boniface Chiluba, Kojo Yeboah-Antwi, Vichaels Silavwe, Karsten Lunze, Rodgers K Mwale, Scott Russpatrick, Davidson H Hamer
INTRODUCTION: Effective community health management information systems (C-HMIS) are important in low-resource countries that rely heavily on community-based health care providers. Zambia currently lacks a functioning C-HMIS to provide real-time, community-based health information from community health workers (CHWs) to health center staff and higher levels of the health system. PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: We developed a C-HMIS mobile platform for use by CHWs providing integrated community case management (iCCM) services and their supervisors to address challenges of frequent stock-outs and inadequate supportive supervision of iCCM-trained CHWs...
August 30, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854140/community-engagement-in-liberia-routine-immunization-post-ebola
#12
Juliet Bedford, Ketan Chitnis, Nance Webber, Phil Dixon, Ken Limwame, Rania Elessawi, Rafael Obregon
A national integrated polio, measles, and deworming campaign was implemented across Liberia May 8-14, 2015. The community engagement and social mobilization component of the campaign was based on structures that had been invested in during the Ebola response. This article provides an overview of the community engagement and social mobilization activities that were conducted and reports the key findings of a rapid qualitative assessment conducted immediately after the campaign that focused on community perceptions of routine immunization in the post-Ebola context...
2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854137/the-development-of-standard-operating-procedures-for-social-mobilization-and-community-engagement-in-sierra-leone-during-the-west-africa-ebola-outbreak-of-2014-2015
#13
Danielle Pedi, Amaya Gillespie, Jamie Bedson, Mohamed F Jalloh, Mohammad B Jalloh, Alusine Kamara, Kathryn Bertram, Katharine Owen, Mohamed A Jalloh, Lansana Conte
This article describes the development of standard operating procedures (SOPs) for social mobilization and community engagement (SM/CE) in Sierra Leone during the Ebola outbreak of 2014-2015. It aims to (a) explain the rationale for a standardized approach, (b) describe the methodology used to develop the resulting SOPs, and (c) discuss the implications of the SOPs for future outbreak responses. Mixed methodologies were applied, including analysis of data on Ebola-related knowledge, attitudes, and practices; consultation through a national forum; and a series of workshops with more than 250 participants active in SM/CE in seven districts with recent confirmed cases...
2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840783/the-challenges-of-mobilizing-workers-on-gender-issues-lessons-from-two-studies-on-the-occupational-health-of-teachers-in-qu%C3%A3-becles-d%C3%A3-fis-de-mobiliser-les-travailleur-ses-sur-la-question-du-genre-constats-issus-de-deux-recherches-portant-sur-la-sant%C3%A3-au-travail
#14
Jessica Riel, Marie-Eve Major
In partnership with the largest teachers' union confederation in Québec ( Centrale des syndicats du Québec), two qualitative research studies that integrate gender were conducted in the teaching community. These ergonomic studies advocated a participatory approach involving interviews and observations with high school teachers (thirty-five) and female teachers responsible for vocational training in trades with predominantly male clientele (twelve). The results revealed that gender influences work success by reducing the operational leeway available for female teachers to carry out their work and protect their health...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838303/policymakers-and-mhealth-roles-and-expectations-with-observations-from-ethiopia-ghana-and-sweden
#15
Catharina Barkman, Lars Weinehall
The rapid increase in mobile phone use and other telecommunication technologies in health care during the past decade has paved the way for optimism. mHealth (mobile health) initiatives need to be integrated into national health systems and priorities and fit into the system that the country has already invested in. Partnership between government, regional governments, health care systems, Community Health Workers, the private sector and universities is considered as a precondition for success. In turn, this requires strategic and integrative policy decisions on the national/regional level to be defined in the action plans as concrete steps...
June 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837645/identification-of-burden-hotspots-and-risk-factors-for-cholera-in-india-an-observational-study
#16
Mohammad Ali, Sanjukta Sen Gupta, Nisha Arora, Pradeep Khasnobis, Srinivas Venkatesh, Dipika Sur, Gopinath B Nair, David A Sack, Nirmal K Ganguly
BACKGROUND: Even though cholera has existed for centuries and many parts of the country have sporadic, endemic and epidemic cholera, it is still an under-recognized health problem in India. A Cholera Expert Group in the country was established to gather evidence and to prepare a road map for control of cholera in India. This paper identifies cholera burden hotspots and factors associated with an increased risk of the disease. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPLE FINDINGS: We acquired district level data on cholera case reports of 2010-2015 from the Integrated Disease Surveillance Program...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828375/community-based-field-implementation-scenarios-of-a-short-message-service-reporting-tool-for-lymphatic-filariasis-case-estimates-in-africa-and-asia
#17
Hayley E Mableson, Sarah Martindale, Michelle C Stanton, Charles Mackenzie, Louise A Kelly-Hope
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic filariasis (LF) is a neglected tropical disease (NTD) targeted for global elimination by 2020. Currently there is considerable international effort to scale-up morbidity management activities in endemic countries, however there remains a need for rapid, cost-effective methods and adaptable tools for obtaining estimates of people presenting with clinical manifestations of LF, namely lymphoedema and hydrocele. The mHealth tool 'MeasureSMS-Morbidity' allows health workers in endemic areas to use their own mobile phones to send clinical information in a simple format using short message service (SMS)...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828373/digital-immunization-registry-evidence-for-the-impact-of-mhealth-on-enhancing-the-immunization-system-and-improving-immunization-coverage-for-children-under-one-year-old-in-vietnam
#18
Nga Tuyet Nguyen, Huong Minh Vu, Sang Dinh Dao, Hieu Trung Tran, Tu Xuan Cam Nguyen
BACKGROUND: The Vietnam National Expanded Program on Immunization (NEPI) has been successfully implementing a nationwide immunization system since 1985. From the start, the program has increased the immunization coverage rate; however, data on immunization coverage in Vietnam are gathered and aggregated from commune health centers in routine, paper-based reports, which have shortcomings. Also, calculations of coverage are inconsistent at subnational levels, which lead to uncertainty about the size of the target population used as the denominator in coverage calculations...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819973/mobile-platform-for-multiplexed-detection-and-differentiation-of-disease-specific-nucleic-acid-sequences-using-microfluidic-loop-mediated-isothermal-amplification-and-smartphone-detection
#19
Weili Chen, Hojeong Yu, Fu Sun, Akid Ornob, Ryan Brisbin, Anurup Ganguli, Vinay Vemuri, Piotr Strzebonski, Guangzhe Cui, Karen J Allen, Smit A Desai, Weiran Lin, David M Nash, David L Hirschberg, Ian Brooks, Rashid Bashir, Brian T Cunningham
New tools are needed to enable rapid detection, identification, and reporting of infectious viral and microbial pathogens in a wide variety of point-of-care applications that impact human and animal health. We report the design, construction, and characterization of a platform for multiplexed analysis of disease-specific DNA sequences that utilizes a smartphone camera as the sensor in conjunction with a hand-held "cradle" that interfaces the phone with a silicon-based microfluidic chip embedded within a credit-card-sized cartridge...
September 5, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813919/adding-navigation-artificial-audition-and-vital-sign-monitoring-capabilities-to-a-telepresence-mobile-robot-for-remote-home-care-applications
#20
Sebastien Laniel, Dominic Letourneau, Mathieu Labbe, Francois Grondin, Janice Polgar, Francois Michaud
A telepresence mobile robot is a remote-controlled, wheeled device with wireless internet connectivity for bidirectional audio, video and data transmission. In health care, a telepresence robot could be used to have a clinician or a caregiver assist seniors in their homes without having to travel to these locations. Many mobile telepresence robotic platforms have recently been introduced on the market, bringing mobility to telecommunication and vital sign monitoring at reasonable costs. What is missing for making them effective remote telepresence systems for home care assistance are capabilities specifically needed to assist the remote operator in controlling the robot and perceiving the environment through the robot's sensors or, in other words, minimizing cognitive load and maximizing situation awareness...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
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