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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208839/interventions-for-preventing-childhood-obesity-with-smartphones-and-wearable-device-a-protocol-for-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Hye Jung Yang, Jae-Heon Kang, Ok Hyun Kim, Mona Choi, Myungju Oh, Jihyun Nam, Eunju Sung
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a critical health issue, both currently and for the foreseeable future. To prevent obesity, behavior changes are essential. Smartphones can be a good tool, as the number of child smartphone users is rapidly increasing. We have developed a mobile platform system named "HAPPY ME," which is a smartphone application coupled with a wearable device, designed to improve healthy behaviors to prevent childhood obesity. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of obesity prevention among children 10-12 years of age using HAPPY ME...
February 13, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198648/quality-of-life-among-senior-citizens-in-bhutan
#2
Nidup Dorji, Michael P Dunne, Charrlotte Seib, Sibnath Deb
This study explored associations between quality of life (QOL), spirituality, social integration, chronic diseases, and lifetime adversity among people aged 60 years and older in Bhutan. Adults aged 60 to 101 years (n = 337) completed face-to-face interviews. The main measure included the World Health Organization QOL questionnaire and Adverse Childhood Experiences International Questionnaire. The social relationships domain of QOL had the highest mean. Frequent back pain, memory decline, depression, mobility impairment, insomnia, and lung diseases were commonly reported and negatively related to QOL...
January 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193716/preventing-falls-in-a-high-risk-vision-impaired-population-through-specialist-orientation-and-mobility-services-protocol-for-the-platform-randomised-trial
#3
Lisa Keay, Lisa Dillon, Lindy Clemson, Anne Tiedemann, Catherine Sherrington, Peter McCluskey, Pradeep Ramulu, Stephen Jan, Kris Rogers, Jodi Martin, Frances Tinsley, Kirsten Bonrud Jakobsen, Rebecca Q Ivers
BACKGROUND: Older people with vision impairment have significant ongoing morbidity, including risk of falls, but are neglected in fall prevention programmes. PlaTFORM is a pragmatic evaluation of the Lifestyle-integrated Functional Exercise fall prevention programme for older people with vision impairment or blindness (v-LiFE). Implementation and scalability issues will also be investigated. METHODS: PlaTFORM is a single-blinded, randomised trial designed to evaluate the v-LiFE programme compared with usual care...
February 13, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193465/application-of-human-augmentics-a-persuasive-asthma-inhaler
#4
Brent Grossman, Steve Conner, Giselle Mosnaim, Joshua Albers, Jason Leigh, Steve Jones, Robert Kenyon
This article describes a tailored health intervention delivered on a mobile phone platform, integrating low-literacy design strategies and basic principles of behavior change, to promote increased adherence and asthma control among underserved minority adolescents. We based the intervention and design principles on theories of Human Augmentics and the Elaboration Likelihood Model. We tested the efficacy of using electronic monitoring devices that incorporate informative and persuasive elements to improve adherence to a prescribed daily medication regimen intended to reduce use of asthma rescue medications...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193075/uric-acid-monitoring-with-a-smartphone-as-the-electrochemical-analyzer
#5
Jinhong Guo
We report the world's first medical smartphone as an electrochemical analyzer, which is incorporated with an enzymatic test strip for rapid characterization of UA (uric acid) in peripheral whole blood. A disposable electrochemical uric acid test strip was connected to the electrochemical module integrated with the smartphone through a specific interface, a slot around the edge of smartphone. A 3 μL human finger whole blood drop is applied on the strip for UA evaluation and compared to the clinical biochemical analyzer with satisfactory agreement...
December 20, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191545/the-future-of-mobile-health-applications-and-devices-in-cardiovascular-health
#6
Heval Mohamed Kelli, Bradley Witbrodt, Amit Shah
Mobile health (mHealth) is the utilisation of mobile technologies in healthcare and has particular relevance in improving lifestyle behaviours which may ultimately reduce cardiovascular disease risk. Various intervention studies for example integrate self-monitoring of diet and physical activity with text messaging systems to improve intermediate outcomes. Currently the future progress of mHealth technologies in formal diagnostic and therapeutic roles is pending and includes the need to validate and standardise accelerometer and heart rate data from various devices...
January 2017: Euro Med J Innov
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186014/diabetes-mhealth-apps-designing-for-greater-uptake
#7
Ronak Brahmbhatt, Shadi Niakan, Nishita Saha, Anukriti Tewari, Ashfiya Pirani, Natasha Keshavjee, Dora Mugambi, Nasrin Alavi, Karim Keshavjee
mHealth apps are not being used. Over 45,000 mhealth apps are languishing in mobile app stores. We evaluated over 200 diabetes mobile apps found in the Apple and Google app stores using a framework that we recently published. None of the apps met all 15 criteria identified by our framework. The largest number of apps fell into the category of Type 1 diabetes blood sugar and medication trackers. Other types of apps included educational apps such as recipe apps, guideline dissemination apps, simple diabetes education apps, etc...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169953/toward-relational-practices-for-enabling-knowledge-to-action-in-health-systems-the-example-of-deliberative-dialogue
#8
Katrina Plamondon, Susana Caxaj
Despite widespread emphasis on evidence-informed decision making in health care, there remain persistent challenges in actualizing this ideal. An integrated strategy to knowledge translation can help bridge perspectives across sectors, communities, and organizations, and bridge the "knowledge-to-action" gap. One such strategy is a deliberative dialogue method. Deliberative dialogue has unique potential to mobilize partnered changes and improvements across health care, and we believe, is most salient when enacted relationally through practices of relational engagement and relational accountability...
February 6, 2017: ANS. Advances in Nursing Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162090/a-realist-review-of-mobile-phone-based-health-interventions-for-non-communicable-disease-management-in-sub-saharan-africa
#9
Daniel Opoku, Victor Stephani, Wilm Quentin
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing in sub-Saharan Africa. At the same time, the use of mobile phones is rising, expanding the opportunities for the implementation of mobile phone-based health (mHealth) interventions. This review aims to understand how, why, for whom, and in what circumstances mHealth interventions against NCDs improve treatment and care in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: Four main databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) and references of included articles were searched for studies reporting effects of mHealth interventions on patients with NCDs in sub-Saharan Africa...
February 6, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155770/-sud-entre-sambre-et-meuse-intersectoral-platform-a-local-health-promotion-application-in-belgium
#10
Martine Bantuelle, Philippe Mouyart
<ce:para>The various constituents of the “Sud Entre Sambre et Meuse intersectoral platform” have now been clearly defined. The health promotion legislation and the establishment of decentralized support are the cornerstones of this programme. The choice of a global conceptual model, integrating the health promotion approach into its territorial and intersectoral dimensions, as well as a detailed knowledge of the territory of action constitute the framework of this programme.</ce:para><ce:para>This structure has allowed the development of health promotion strategies: modification of professionals’ and politicians’ behaviour, emergence of new services for the population, increasing implication of politicians, professionals, inhabitants, and implementation of actions designed to improve the environment (mobility, housing)...
December 19, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152212/indian-nurses-in-italy-a-qualitative-study-of-their-professional-and-social-integration
#11
Alessandro Stievano, Douglas Olsen, Ymelda Tolentino Diaz, Laura Sabatino, Gennaro Rocco
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This research aimed to investigate the lived subjective experiences of immigrant Indian nurses in Italy and specifically their professional and social integration BACKGROUND: To study the worldwide nursing flux is a health priority in the globalized world. The growth in migration trends among nurses, not only from Philippines or India, has proliferated in recent years. The research on nurses' mobility for Southern European countries is underexplored and in Italy the out-migration flows of Indian nurses were never analyzed DESIGN: Qualitative methodological approach...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137194/integrating-community-based-verbal-autopsy-into-civil-registration-and-vital-statistics-crvs-system-level-considerations
#12
Don de Savigny, Ian Riley, Daniel Chandramohan, Frank Odhiambo, Erin Nichols, Sam Notzon, Carla AbouZahr, Raj Mitra, Daniel Cobos Muñoz, Sonja Firth, Nicolas Maire, Osman Sankoh, Gay Bronson, Philip Setel, Peter Byass, Robert Jakob, Ties Boerma, Alan D Lopez
BACKGROUND: Reliable and representative cause of death (COD) statistics are essential to inform public health policy, respond to emerging health needs, and document progress towards Sustainable Development Goals. However, less than one-third of deaths worldwide are assigned a cause. Civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) systems in low- and lower-middle-income countries are failing to provide timely, complete and accurate vital statistics, and it will still be some time before they can provide physician-certified COD for every death...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130955/implementation-of-behavioural-supports-ontario-bso-an-evaluation-of-three-models-of-care
#13
Michelle Grouchy, Nancy Cooper, Tommy Wong
Behavioural Supports Ontario (BSO) was launched to enhance the healthcare services for Ontario's seniors, their caregivers and families living and coping with responsive behaviours associated with dementia and other neurological conditions. The implementation of the program varied across and within the local health integration networks (LHINs). By 2015, there were three BSO models operating within the long-term care (LTC) home sector: in-home BSO teams, a mobile team that serves multiple LTC homes within a sub-area of a LHIN and a LHIN-wide mobile team that provides services to all homes...
2017: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130661/natural-disasters-and-cholera-outbreaks-current-understanding-and-future-outlook
#14
REVIEW
Antarpreet Jutla, Rakibul Khan, Rita Colwell
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Diarrheal diseases remain a serious global public health threat, especially for those populations lacking access to safe water and sanitation infrastructure. Although association of several diarrheal diseases, e.g., cholera, shigellosis, etc., with climatic processes has been documented, the global human population remains at heightened risk of outbreak of diseases after natural disasters, such as earthquakes, floods, or droughts. In this review, cholera was selected as a signature diarrheal disease and the role of natural disasters in triggering and transmitting cholera was analyzed...
January 27, 2017: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129765/working-towards-consensus-on-methods-used-to-elicit-participant-reported-safety-data-in-uncomplicated-malaria-clinical-drug-studies-a-delphi-technique-study
#15
Nyaradzo Mandimika, Karen I Barnes, Clare I R Chandler, Cheryl Pace, Elizabeth N Allen
BACKGROUND: Eliciting adverse event (AE) and non-study medication data reports from clinical research participants is integral to evaluating drug safety. However, using different methods to question participants yields inconsistent results, compromising the interpretation, comparison and pooling of data across studies. This is particularly important given the widespread use of anti-malarials in vulnerable populations, and their increasing use in healthy, but at-risk individuals, as preventive treatment or to reduce malaria transmission...
January 28, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125059/racial-differences-in-perceptions-of-air-pollution-health-risk-does-environmental-exposure-matter
#16
Jayajit Chakraborty, Timothy W Collins, Sara E Grineski, Alejandra Maldonado
This article extends environmental risk perception research by exploring how potential health risk from exposure to industrial and vehicular air pollutants, as well as other contextual and socio-demographic factors, influence racial/ethnic differences in air pollution health risk perception. Our study site is the Greater Houston metropolitan area, Texas, USA-a racially/ethnically diverse area facing high levels of exposure to pollutants from both industrial and transportation sources. We integrate primary household-level survey data with estimates of excess cancer risk from ambient exposure to industrial and on-road mobile source emissions of air toxics obtained from the U...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121240/development-of-a-multi-behavioral-mhealth-app-for-women-smokers
#17
Julie Armin, Thienne Johnson, Melanie Hingle, Peter Giacobbi, Judith S Gordon
This article describes the development of the See Me Smoke-Free™ (SMSF) mobile health application, which uses guided imagery to support women in smoking cessation, eating a healthy diet, and increasing physical activity. Focus group discussions, with member checks, were conducted to refine the intervention content and app user interface. Data related to the context of app deployment were collected via user testing sessions and internal quality control testing, which identified and addressed functionality issues, content problems, and bugs...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116773/the-use-of-smartphone-health-apps-and-other-mobile-health-mhealth-technologies-in-dietetic-practice-a-three-country-study
#18
J Chen, J Lieffers, A Bauman, R Hanning, M Allman-Farinelli
BACKGROUND: Smartphone health applications (apps) and other mobile health (mHealth) technologies may assist dietitians in improving the efficiency of patient care. The present study investigated the use of health apps and text messaging in dietetic practice and formulated intervention recommendations for supporting app uptake by dietitians based on the behavioural 'COM-B' system, where interactions between capability, opportunity and motivation influence behaviour. METHODS: A 52-item online survey tool, taking 20 min to complete, was developed and piloted, with questions exploring the use of health apps and text messaging in dietetic practice, types of apps dietitians recommended and that patients used, and barriers and enablers to app use in dietetic practice...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114076/a-multi-technique-reconfigurable-electrochemical-biosensor-enabling-personal-health-monitoring-in-mobile-devices
#19
Alexander Sun, A G Venkatesh, Drew A Hall
This paper describes the design and characterization of a reconfigurable, multi-technique electrochemical biosensor designed for direct integration into smartphone and wearable technologies to enable remote and accurate personal health monitoring. By repurposing components from one mode to the next, the biosensor's potentiostat is able reconfigure itself into three different measurements modes to perform amperometric, potentiometric, and impedance spectroscopic tests all with minimal redundant devices. A [Formula: see text] PCB prototype of the module was developed with discrete components and tested using Google's Project Ara modular smartphone...
September 26, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28113176/a-multi-technique-reconfigurable-electrochemical-biosensor-enabling-personal-health-monitoring-in-mobile-devices
#20
Alexander Sun, A G Venkatesh, Drew A Hall
This paper describes the design and characterization of a reconfigurable, multi-technique electrochemical biosensor designed for direct integration into smartphone and wearable technologies to enable remote and accurate personal health monitoring. By repurposing components from one mode to the next, the biosensor's potentiostat is able reconfigure itself into three different measurements modes to perform amperometric, potentiometric, and impedance spectroscopic tests all with minimal redundant devices. A [Formula: see text] PCB prototype of the module was developed with discrete components and tested using Google's Project Ara modular smartphone...
October 2016: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
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