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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136521/toward-dynamic-urban-environmental-exposure-assessments-in-mental-health-research
#1
Marco Helbich
It is increasingly recognized that mental disorders are affected by both personal characteristics and environmental exposures. The built, natural, and social environments can either contribute to or buffer against metal disorders. Environmental exposure assessments related to mental health typically rely on neighborhoods within which people currently live. In this article, I call into question such neighborhood-based exposure assessments at one point in time, because human life unfolds over space and across time...
November 11, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132373/understanding-malaria-treatment-seeking-preferences-within-the-public-sector-amongst-mobile-migrant-workers-in-a-malaria-elimination-scenario-a-mixed-methods-study
#2
Aung Ye Naung Win, Thae Maung Maung, Khin Thet Wai, Tin Oo, Aung Thi, Rungrawee Tipmontree, Ngamphol Soonthornworasiri, Mondha Kengganpanich, Jaranit Kaewkungwal
BACKGROUND: Migration flows and the emerging resistance to artemisinin-based combination therapy in the Greater Mekong Sub-region (GMS) create programmatic challenges to meeting the AD 2030 malaria elimination target in Myanmar. The National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP) targeted migrant workers based mainly on the stability of their worksites (categories 1: permanent work-setting; categories 2 and 3: less stable work-settings). This study aims to assess the migration patterns, malaria treatment-seeking preferences, and challenges encountered by mobile/migrant workers at remote sites in a malaria-elimination setting...
November 13, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131732/yoga-and-healthcare-in-the-united-kingdom
#3
Heather Mason, Nicole Schnackenberg, Robin Monro
The emergence of yoga therapy in the United Kingdom began about 45 years ago with the emergence of yoga therapy organizations that offered both treatment and training. The integration of yoga into the National Health Service (NHS) is gradually happening Because: (a) yoga research supports its efficacy as a cost-effective, preventive and complementary treatment for a host of non-communicable diseases; and (b) the escalating economic burden of long-term conditions is overwhelming the NHS. The NHS is actively developing 'sustainability and transformation plans' that include yoga...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130601/scaling-up-hiv-viral-load-lessons-from-the-large-scale-implementation-of-hiv-early-infant-diagnosis-and-cd4-testing
#4
Trevor Peter, Clement Zeh, Zachary Katz, Ali Elbireer, Bereket Alemayehu, Lara Vojnov, Alex Costa, Naoko Doi, Ilesh Jani
INTRODUCTION: The scale-up of effective HIV viral load (VL) testing is an urgent public health priority. Implementation of testing is supported by the availability of accurate, nucleic acid based laboratory and point-of-care (POC) VL technologies and strong WHO guidance recommending routine testing to identify treatment failure. However, test implementation faces challenges related to the developing health systems in many low-resource countries. The purpose of this commentary is to review the challenges and solutions from the large-scale implementation of other diagnostic tests, namely nucleic-acid based early infant HIV diagnosis (EID) and CD4 testing, and identify key lessons to inform the scale-up of VL...
November 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130265/the-economics-of-public-health-missing-pieces-to-the-puzzle-of-health-system-reform
#5
Glen P Mays, Adam J Atherly, Alan M Zaslavsky
The United States continues to experiment with health care delivery and financing innovations, but relatively little attention is given to the public health system and its capacity for improving health status in the U.S. population at large. The public health system operates as a multisector enterprise in which government agencies work in conjunction with private and voluntary organizations to identify health risks in the population and to mobilize community-wide actions that prevent and contain these risks...
December 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127077/is-connected-health-contributing-to-a-healthier-population
#6
Carmen G Loiselle, Saima Ahmed
Connected health tools, including mobile phones, incorporate various functions that capture events, direct actions, and make informed decisions based on complex sources of data. Connected health, a term recently proposed by some academics and industry, refers to the development, testing, and integration of smart technology tools into health care. Through these means, connected health creates interconnectivity across various environments, profoundly changing the way we learn, self-regulate, and communicate with one another...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126059/enhancing-early-psychosis-treatment-using-smartphone-technology-a-longitudinal-feasibility-and-validity-study
#7
Tara A Niendam, Laura M Tully, Ana-Maria Iosif, Divya Kumar, Kathleen E Nye, Jennifer C Denton, Lauren N Zakskorn, Taylor L Fedechko, Katherine M Pierce
Smartphone applications that promote symptom tracking and self-management may improve treatment of serious mental illness (SMI). Although feasibility has been established in chronic adult outpatient or inpatient SMI samples, no data exist regarding implementation of smartphone technology in adolescent and young adult populations as part of early psychosis (EP) outpatient care. We implemented a smartphone "app" plus clinician Dashboard as an add-on treatment tool in the University of California, Davis Early Psychosis Program...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121943/managing-intra-eu-mobility-do-who-principles-of-ethical-recruitment-have-relevance
#8
Réka Kovács, Edmond Girasek, Eszter Kovács, Zoltán Aszalós, Edit Eke, Károly Ragány, Zoltán Cserháti, Miklós Szócska
BACKGROUND: The WHO Global Code of Practice on the International Recruitment of Health Personnel provides for guidance in health workforce management and cooperation in the international context. This article aims to examine whether the principles of the voluntary WHO Global Code of Practice can be applied to trigger health policy decisions within the EU zone of free movement of persons. METHODS: In the framework of the Joint Action on European Health Workforce Planning and Forecasting project (Grant Agreement: JA EUHWF 20122201 (see healthworkforce...
November 9, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121480/palliative-care-planner-pcplanner-a-pilot-study-to-evaluate-acceptability-and-usability-of-an-electronic-health-records-system-integrated-needs-targeted-app-platform
#9
Christopher E Cox, Derek M Jones, Wen Reagan, Mary D Key, Vinca Chow, Jessica McFarlin, David Casarett, Claire J Creutzfeldt, Sharron L Docherty
RATIONALE: The quality and patient-centeredness of intensive care unit (ICU)-based palliative care delivery is highly variable. OBJECTIVE: To develop and pilot an app platform for clinicians, ICU patients, and their family members that enhances the delivery of needs-targeted palliative care. METHODS: In the Development Phase of the study, we developed an electronic health record (EHR) system-integrated mobile web app system prototype, PCplanner (Palliative Care Planner)...
November 9, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120059/source-and-sink-mechanisms-of-nitrogen-transport-and-use
#10
REVIEW
Mechthild Tegeder, Céline Masclaux-Daubresse
Contents I. II. III. IV. V. VI. VII. VIII. IX. X. References SUMMARY: Nitrogen is an essential nutrient for plant growth. World-wide, large quantities of nitrogenous fertilizer are applied to ensure maximum crop productivity. However, nitrogen fertilizer application is expensive and negatively affects the environment, and subsequently human health. A strategy to address this problem is the development of crops that are efficient in acquiring and using nitrogen and that can achieve high seed yields with reduced nitrogen input...
November 9, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114348/enriching-health-professional-programs-in-global-health-development-and-implementation-of-an-interdisciplinary-and-integrated-approach
#11
Carol Valois, Véronique Foley, Paul Grand'Maison, Johanne Dumont
Background: Globalization results in a rapidly diversifying population, increased inequities, and more complex health problems affecting populations. This forces medical schools to integrate global health (GH) into the training of health-care professionals from curriculum development to practical learning activities, here and abroad. Approach: The approach aims at enriching existing programs in GH competencies in an interdisciplinary context. The goal is to ensure that all health-science students develop a certain level of GH competency...
April 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105049/perceptions-of-use-of-a-case-based-integrated-national-electronic-public-health-surveillance-system-in-jordan
#12
Rania Khorma, Fatima A Hammad, Samar Samouh, Refqi I Mahmoud, Meyassar Zindah, Sami A Sheikhali, Ayoub Assayideh, Bashir Al Qaseer, Gunnar Rø, John Haskew
Collection of real-time, standardized data remains a challenge for public health surveillance systems. The use of mobile information technology may facilitate this. A national case-based public health surveillance system was introduced in Jordan in 2015 using mobile tablets and an online framework. After training on the system, users were surveyed about their perceptions of it. Of 596 participants attending the training, 580 (97.3%) completed the survey. The majority of users were nurses (58.5%). Overall perceptions of the system were highly positive across 5 areas of functionality (standardized case definitions, clinical guidance on signs and symptoms, risk factors and laboratory guidance, SMS and Email alerts for notifiable diseases, one-hour reporting of information via an online framework)...
October 30, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104256/fall-prediction-and-prevention-systems-recent-trends-challenges-and-future-research-directions
#13
REVIEW
Ramesh Rajagopalan, Irene Litvan, Tzyy-Ping Jung
Fall prediction is a multifaceted problem that involves complex interactions between physiological, behavioral, and environmental factors. Existing fall detection and prediction systems mainly focus on physiological factors such as gait, vision, and cognition, and do not address the multifactorial nature of falls. In addition, these systems lack efficient user interfaces and feedback for preventing future falls. Recent advances in internet of things (IoT) and mobile technologies offer ample opportunities for integrating contextual information about patient behavior and environment along with physiological health data for predicting falls...
November 1, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103400/improving-maternal-infant-and-young-child-nutrition-in-nepal-via-peer-mobilization
#14
Akriti Singh, Rolf Dw Klemm, Gary Mundy, Pooja Pandey Rana, Bhim Pun, Kenda Cunningham
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of a peer facilitator (PF) approach for improving mothers' knowledge and practices relating to maternal and child nutrition. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design nested within a large-scale integrated nutrition programme, Suaahara, in Nepal. Suaahara interventions were implemented in all study sites, but peer facilitators were used in only half of the study sites. SETTING: Rural, disadvantaged villages in three districts of Nepal: Bhojpur, Bajhang and Rupandehi...
November 6, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101138/do-digital-innovations-for-hiv-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-work-results-from-a-systematic-review-1996-2017
#15
Jana Daher, Rohit Vijh, Blake Linthwaite, Sailly Dave, John Kim, Keertan Dheda, Trevor Peter, Nitika Pant Pai
OBJECTIVE: Digital innovations with internet/mobile phones offer a potential cost-saving solution for overburdened health systems with high service delivery costs to improve efficiency of HIV/STI (sexually transmitted infections) control initiatives. However, their overall evidence has not yet been appraised. We evaluated the feasibility and impact of all digital innovations for all HIV/STIs. DESIGN: Systematic review. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: All settings/all participants...
November 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099411/learning-with-e-books-and-project-based-strategy-in-a-community-health-nursing-course
#16
Tien-Wen Sung, Ting-Ting Wu
With advances in information technology, "information-assisted instruction" has been gradually introduced to nursing education curricula. Specifically, the integration of an e-book system can effectively enhance nursing students' attention and interest. Most studies on nursing education that incorporated e-books have focused on the advantages of convenience and assistance provided by e-books. Few studies have addressed community health nursing and off-campus practice activities in relation to suitable teaching strategies for learning activities...
November 2, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098145/emerging-and-reemerging-diseases-in-the-world-health-organization-who-eastern-mediterranean-region-progress-challenges-and-who-initiatives
#17
REVIEW
Evans Buliva, Mohamed Elhakim, Nhu Nguyen Tran Minh, Amgad Elkholy, Peter Mala, Abdinasir Abubakar, Sk Md Mamunur Rahman Malik
The Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) of the World Health Organization (WHO) continues to be a hotspot for emerging and reemerging infectious diseases and the need to prevent, detect, and respond to any infectious diseases that pose a threat to global health security remains a priority. Many risk factors contribute in the emergence and rapid spread of epidemic diseases in the Region including acute and protracted humanitarian emergencies, resulting in fragile health systems, increased population mobility, rapid urbanization, climate change, weak surveillance and limited laboratory diagnostic capacity, and increased human-animal interaction...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097056/a-community-based-bionic-leg-rehabilitation-program-for-patients-with-chronic-stroke-clinical-trial-protocol
#18
Amy Wright, Keeron Stone, Danielle Lambrick, Simon Fryer, Lee Stoner, Edward Tasker, Simon Jobson, Grace Smith, John Batten, Jo Batey, Vicky Hudson, Helen Hobbs, James Faulkner
Stroke is a major global health problem whereby many survivors have unmet needs concerning mobility during recovery. As such, the use of robotic-assisted devices (i.e., a bionic leg) within a community setting may be an important adjunct to normal physiotherapy in chronic stroke survivors. This study will be a dual-center, randomized, parallel group clinical trial to investigate the impact of a community-based training program using a bionic leg on biomechanical, cardiovascular, and functional outcomes in stroke survivors...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096013/topical-review-adherence-interventions-for-youth-on-gluten-free-diets
#19
Christina E Holbein, Julia K Carmody, Kevin A Hommel
Objective: To summarize gluten-free diet (GFD) nonadherence risk factors, nonadherence rates, and current intervention research within an integrative framework and to develop a research agenda for the development and implementation of evidence-based GFD adherence interventions. Methods: Topical review of literature published since 2008 investigating GFD adherence in pediatric samples. Results: Reviews of pediatric studies indicate GFD nonadherence rates ranging from 19 to 56%...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093969/interpreting-mobile-and-handheld-air-sensor-readings-in-relation-to-air-quality-standards-and-health-effect-reference-values-tackling-the-challenges
#20
George M Woodall, Mark D Hoover, Ronald Williams, Kristen Benedict, Martin Harper, Jhy-Charm Soo, Annie M Jarabek, Michael J Stewart, James S Brown, Janis E Hulla, Motria Caudill, Andrea L Clements, Amanda Kaufman, Alison J Parker, Martha Keating, David Balshaw, Kevin Garrahan, Laureen Burton, Sheila Batka, Vijay S Limaye, Pertti J Hakkinen, Bob Thompson
The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and other federal agencies face a number of challenges in interpreting and reconciling short-duration (seconds to minutes) readings from mobile and handheld air sensors with the longer duration averages (hours to days) associated with the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for the criteria pollutants-particulate matter (PM), ozone, carbon monoxide, lead, nitrogen oxides, and sulfur oxides. Similar issues are equally relevant to the hazardous air pollutants (HAPs) where chemical-specific health effect reference values are the best indicators of exposure limits; values which are often based on a lifetime of continuous exposure...
2017: Atmosphere
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