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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781379/innovative-curriculum-integrating-the-bio-behavioral-and-social-science-principles-across-the-lifestages-in-basic-science-years
#1
Anuradha Lele Mookerjee, Bradford D Fischer, Susan Cavanaugh, Vijay Rajput
Behavioral and social science integration in clinical practice improves health outcomes across the life stages. The medical school curriculum requires an integration of the behavioral and social science principles in early medical education. We developed and delivered a four-week course entitled "LifeStages" to the first year medical students. The learning objectives of the bio-behavioral and social science principles along with the cultural, economic, political, and ethical parameters were integrated across the lifespan in the curriculum matrix...
May 20, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780310/mobile-software-as-a-medical-device-samd-for-the-treatment-of-epilepsy-development-of-digital-therapeutics-comprising-behavioral-and-music-based-interventions-for-neurological-disorders
#2
Pegah Afra, Carol S Bruggers, Matthew Sweney, Lilly Fagatele, Fareeha Alavi, Michael Greenwald, Merodean Huntsman, Khanhly Nguyen, Jeremiah K Jones, David Shantz, Grzegorz Bulaj
Digital health technologies for people with epilepsy (PWE) include internet-based resources and mobile apps for seizure management. Since non-pharmacological interventions, such as listening to specific Mozart's compositions, cognitive therapy, psychosocial and educational interventions were shown to reduce epileptic seizures, these modalities can be integrated into mobile software and delivered by mobile medical apps as digital therapeutics. Herein, we describe: (1) a survey study among PWE about preferences to use mobile software for seizure control, (2) a rationale for developing digital therapies for epilepsy, (3) creation of proof-of-concept mobile software intended for use as an adjunct digital therapeutic to reduce seizures, and (4) broader applications of digital therapeutics for the treatment of epilepsy and other chronic disorders...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772045/ocular-tolerance-of-contemporary-electronic-display-devices
#3
Andrew J Clark, Paul Yang, Khizer R Khaderi, Andrew A Moshfeghi
Electronic displays have become an integral part of life in the developed world since the revolution of mobile computing a decade ago. With the release of multiple consumer-grade virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) products in the past 2 years utilizing head-mounted displays (HMDs), as well as the development of low-cost, smartphone-based HMDs, the ability to intimately interact with electronic screens is greater than ever. VR/AR HMDs also place the display at much closer ocular proximity than traditional electronic devices while also isolating the user from the ambient environment to create a "closed" system between the user's eyes and the display...
May 1, 2018: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765209/using-the-frailty-assessment-for-care-planning-tool-fact-to-screen-elderly-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-for-frailty-the-nurse-experience
#4
Heather Moffatt, Paige Moorhouse, Laurie Mallery, David Landry, Karthik Tennankore
Purpose: Recent evidence supports the prognostic significance of frailty for functional decline and poor health outcomes in patients with chronic kidney disease. Yet, despite the development of clinical tools to screen for frailty, little is known about the experiential impact of screening for frailty in this setting. The Frailty Assessment for Care Planning Tool (FACT) evaluates frailty across 4 domains: mobility, function, social circumstances, and cognition. The purpose of this qualitative study was as follows: 1) explore the nurse experience of screening for frailty using the FACT tool in a specialized outpatient renal clinic; 2) determine how, if at all, provider perceptions of frailty changed after implementation of the frailty screening tool; and 3) determine the perceived factors that influence uptake and administration of the FACT screening tool in a specialized clinical setting...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764425/mobility-patterns-and-associated-factors-among-pregnant-internal-migrant-women-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study-from-a-national-monitoring-survey
#5
Ying Ji, Xiaoping Zhao, Zhili Wang, Shenglan Liu, Yang Shen, Chun Chang
BACKGROUND: Residential instability during pregnancy has been linked to poor health outcomes. As a first step toward providing better health care to pregnant migrant women, the size and characteristics of this population and factors associated with mobility during pregnancy should be studied. METHODS: Using the "Monitoring Data of Chinese Migrants" for 2012, from the Chinese National Population and Family Planning Commission, this study explored mobility patterns during pregnancy and associated factors among migrants within China...
May 15, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763990/mobile-applications-for-women-s-health-and-midwifery-care-a-pocket-reference-for-the-21st-century
#6
Megan W Arbour, Melissa A Stec
Midwives and other women's health care providers are charged with providing high-quality care to women based on the most current available evidence. Quick, reliable, and accurate access to evidence-based information is essential. Numerous smartphone and mobile device applications (apps) are available to assist clinicians in providing care for women. This article discusses clinical reference apps, including those for evidence-based care guidelines, women's health care, pharmacologic reference, laboratory and diagnostic guides, as well as apps for information storage and management, electronic health records, and client education...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751887/integrating-activity-spaces-in-health-research-comparing-the-veritas-activity-space-questionnaire-with-7-day-gps-tracking-and-prompted-recall
#7
Yan Kestens, Benoit Thierry, Martine Shareck, Madeleine Steinmetz-Wood, Basile Chaix
BACKGROUND: Accounting for daily mobility allows assessment of multiple exposure to environments. This study compares spatial data obtained (i) from an interactive map-based questionnaire on regular activity locations (VERITAS) and (ii) from GPS tracking. METHODS: 234 participants of the RECORD GPS Study completed the VERITAS questionnaire and wore a GPS tracker for 7 days. Analyses illustrate the spatial match between both datasets. RESULTS: For half of the sample, 85...
June 2018: Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748165/using-mobile-health-gamification-to-facilitate-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-skills-practice-in-child-anxiety-treatment-open-clinical-trial
#8
Gede Pramana, Bambang Parmanto, James Lomas, Oliver Lindhiem, Philip C Kendall, Jennifer Silk
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioral therapy is an efficacious treatment for child anxiety disorders. Although efficacious, many children (40%-50%) do not show a significant reduction in symptoms or full recovery from primary anxiety diagnoses. One possibility is that they are unwilling to learn and practice cognitive behavioral therapy skills beyond therapy sessions. This can occur for a variety of reasons, including a lack of motivation, forgetfulness, and a lack of cognitive behavioral therapy skills understanding...
May 10, 2018: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745552/-intelligent-watch-system-for-health-monitoring-based-on-bluetooth-low-energy-technology
#9
Ji Wang, Hailiang Guo, Xiaoli Ren
According to the development status of wearable technology and the demand of intelligent health monitoring, we studied the multi-function integrated smart watches solution and its key technology. First of all, the sensor technology with high integration density, Bluetooth low energy (BLE) and mobile communication technology were integrated and used in develop practice. Secondly, for the hardware design of the system in this paper, we chose the scheme with high integration density and cost-effective computer modules and chips...
August 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745539/-endothelial-injury-and-its-repair-strategies-after-intravascular-stents-implantation
#10
REVIEW
Yadong Xi, Yuhua Huang, Ruolin Du, Yazhou Wang, Guixue Wang, Tieying Yin
Coronary atherosclerotic heart disease is a serious threat to human life and health. In recent years, the main treatment for it is to implant the intravascular stent into the lesion to support blood vessels and reconstruct blood supply. However, a large number of experimental results showed that mechanical injury and anti-proliferative drugs caused great damage after stent implantation, and increased in-stent restenosis and late thrombosis risk. Thus, maintaining the integrity and normal function of the endothelium can significantly reduce the rate of thrombosis and restenosis...
April 1, 2018: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743152/managing-and-controlling-stress-using-mhealth-systematic-search-in-app-stores
#11
David Blázquez Martín, Isabel De La Torre, Begonya Garcia-Zapirain, Miguel Lopez-Coronado, Joel Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Traditional stress management techniques have been proven insufficient to tackle the needs of today's population. Computational-based techniques and now mobile health (mHealth) apps are showing promise to enable ease of use and access while educating end users on self-management. OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this paper was to put forward a systematic review of mHealth apps for stress management. METHODS: The scenario chosen for this study consists of a sample of the most relevant mHealth apps found on the British and Spanish online stores of the two main mobile operating systems: iOS and Android...
May 9, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743062/-we-don-t-want-our-clothes-to-smell-smoke-changing-malaria-control-practices-and-opportunities-for-integrated-community-based-management-in-baringo-kenya
#12
Jacinter A Amadi, Daniel O Olago, George O Ong'amo, Silas O Oriaso, Isaac K Nyamongo, Benson B A Estambale
BACKGROUND: The decline in global malaria cases is attributed to intensified utilization of primary vector control interventions and artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs). These strategies are inadequate in many rural areas, thus adopting locally appropriate integrated malaria control strategies is imperative in these heterogeneous settings. This study aimed at investigating trends and local knowledge on malaria and to develop a framework for malaria control for communities in Baringo, Kenya...
May 9, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743026/the-effectiveness-of-an-online-intervention-in-preventing-excessive-gestational-weight-gain-the-e-moms-roc-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Christine M Olson, Susan W Groth, Meredith L Graham, Jennifer E Reschke, Myla S Strawderman, Isabel Diana Fernandez
BACKGROUND: Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is common and contributes to the development of obesity in women and their offspring. Electronic or e-health interventions have the potential to reach large groups of women and prevent excessive GWG, but their effectiveness has not been demonstrated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate, in a real-world setting, the effectiveness of a self-directed, integrated online and mobile phone behavioral intervention in preventing excessive GWG...
May 9, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739742/user-needs-in-the-development-of-a-health-app-ecosystem-for-self-management-of-cystic-fibrosis-user-centered-development-approach
#14
Jacqueline Floch, Annabel Zettl, Lena Fricke, Tina Weisser, Lisbet Grut, Thomas Vilarinho, Erlend Stav, Antonio Ascolese, Cornelia Schauber
BACKGROUND: Digital self-management in cystic fibrosis (CF) is foreseen as a means toward better understanding of the disease and its treatment and better adherence to the treatment. Mobile apps hold the potential to provide access to information, motivate, and strengthen compliance. However, to deliver high-quality apps, the development should be based on thorough knowledge about user needs. Empirical research on the user-centered development of mobile apps for health care is, however, still limited...
May 8, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739000/the-impact-of-a-statewide-trauma-informed-child-welfare-initiative-on-children-s-permanency-and-maltreatment-outcomes
#15
Beth Barto, Jessica Dym Bartlett, Adam Von Ende, Ruth Bodian, Carmen Rosa Noroña, Jessica Griffin, Jenifer Goldman Fraser, Kristine Kinniburgh, Joseph Spinazzola, Crystaltina Montagna, Marybeth Todd
This article presents findings of a state-wide trauma informed child-welfare initiative with the goal of improving well-being, permanency and maltreatment outcomes for traumatized children. The Massachuetts Child Trauma Project (MCTP), funded by the Administration of Children and Families, Children's Bureau was a multi-year project implementing trauma-informed care into child welfare service delivery. The project's implementation design included training and consultation for mental health providers in three evidence-based treatments and training of the child-welfare workforce in trauma-informed case work practice...
May 5, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734507/screening-in-toddlers-and-preschoolers-at-risk-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-evaluating-a-novel-mobile-health-screening-tool
#16
Stephen M Kanne, Laura Arnstein Carpenter, Zachary Warren
There are many available tools with varying levels of accuracy designed to screen for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in young children, both in the general population and specifically among those referred for developmental concerns. With burgeoning waitlists for comprehensive diagnostic ASD assessments, finding accurate methods and tools for advancing diagnostic triage becomes increasingly important. The current study compares the efficacy of four oft used paper and pencil measures, the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers Revised with Follow-up, the Social Responsiveness Scale, Second Edition, and the Social Communication Questionnaire, and the Child Behavior Checklist to a novel mobile-health screening tool developed by Cognoa, Inc...
May 7, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734236/integration-of-mobile-health-applications-in-health-information-technology-initiatives-expanding-opportunities-for-nurse-participation-in-population-health
#17
Yeow Chye Ng, Susan Alexander, Karen H Frith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728090/what-can-we-learn-from-problem-based-learning-tutors-at-a-graduate-entry-medical-school-a-mixed-method-approach
#18
Diane O Doherty, Helena Mc Keague, Sarah Harney, Gerard Browne, Deirdre McGrath
Problem-based learning (PBL) has been adopted by many medical schools as an innovative method to deliver an integrated medical curriculum since its inception at McMaster University (Dornan et al., Med Educ 39(2):163-170, 2005; Finucane et al., Med Educ 35(1):56-61, 2001; Barrows, Tutorials in problem-based learning: A new direction in teaching the health professions, 1984). The student experience in PBL has been explored in detail (Merriam, New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education 89: 3-13, 2001; Azer, Kaohsiung J Med Sci 25(5): 240-249, 2009; Boelens et al...
May 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717703/-telepsychiatry-provides-new-opportunities-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-mental-health-disorders
#19
Marie Paldam Folker, Trine Helverskov, Amalie Søgaard Nielsen, Ulla Skov Jørgensen, John Teilmann Larsen
Digital technologies in mental healthcare are envisioned to offer easier, faster and more cost-effective access to mental healthcare. The scope for integrating digital technology into mental healthcare is vast: video conferencing, developing novel treatments using interactive software, mobile applications, and sensor technologies. We outline technology-based interventions, which are relevant to clinical practice, and present the evidence base for using digital technology as well as emerging challenges for their implementation in clinical practice...
April 23, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717009/an-attenuated-crispr-cas-system-in-enterococcus-faecalis-permits-dna-acquisition
#20
Karthik Hullahalli, Marinelle Rodrigues, Uyen Thy Nguyen, Kelli Palmer
Antibiotic-resistant bacteria are critical public health concerns. Among the prime causative factors for the spread of antibiotic resistance is horizontal gene transfer (HGT). A useful model organism for investigating the relationship between HGT and antibiotic resistance is the opportunistic pathogen Enterococcus faecalis , since the species possesses highly conjugative plasmids that readily disseminate antibiotic resistance genes and virulence factors in nature. Unlike many commensal E. faecalis strains, the genomes of multidrug-resistant (MDR) E...
May 1, 2018: MBio
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