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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633697/capacity-strengthening-through-pre-migration-tuberculosis-screening-programmes-irhwg-experiences
#1
P Douglas, D L Posey, D Zenner, J Robson, I Abubakar, G Giovinazzo
Effective tuberculosis (TB) prevention and care for migrants requires population health-based approaches that treat the relationship between migration and health as a progressive, interactive process influenced by many variables and addressed as far upstream in the process as possible. By including capacity building in source countries, pre-migration medical screening has the potential to become an integral component of public health promotion, as well as infection and disease prevention, in migrant-receiving nations, while simultaneously increasing capabilities in countries of origin...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633615/experts-opinion-on-manual-wheelchair-adjustments-for-adults-with-diabetes
#2
Sophie-Anne Scherrer, Joelle Chu Yu Chee, Nhi Vu, Patrice Lu, Michelle Ishack, Philippe S Archambault
Diabetes is a global health concern that can lead to mobility limitations necessitating a wheelchair. However, there are currently no guidelines for wheelchair adjustments tailored to the diabetic population. PURPOSE: To describe relevant manual wheelchair adjustments for adults with diabetes, and to explore how these adjustments apply to populations living in less-resourced countries. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 wheelchair experts from five different countries working with adult with diabetes...
March 2, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621657/a-surgical-intervention-for-the-body-politic-generation-squeeze-applies-the-advocacy-coalition-framework-to-social-determinants-of-health-knowledge-translation
#3
Paul Kershaw, Eric Swanson, Andrea Stucchi
SETTING: The World Health Organization Commission on the Social Determinants of Health (SDoH) observes that building political will is central to all its recommendations, because governments respond to those who organize and show up. Since younger Canadians are less likely to vote or to organize in between elections, they are less effective at building political will than their older counterparts. This results in an age gap between SDoH research and government budget priorities. Whereas Global AgeWatch ranks Canada among the top countries for aging, UNICEF ranks Canada among the least generous OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) countries for the generations raising young children...
June 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621247/-aria-2016-executive-summary-integrated-care-pathways-for-predictive-medicine-across-the-life-cycle
#4
Ayşe Arzu Yorgancıoğlu, Ömer Kalaycı, Cemal Cingi, Bilun Gemicioğlu, Ali Fuat Kalyoncu, Iogana Agache, Claus Bachert, Anna Bedbrook, George Walter Canonica, Thomas Casale, Alvaro Cruz, Wytsk Ej Fokkens, Peter Hellings, Boleslaw Samolinski, Jean Bousquet
The Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) initiative commenced during a World Health Organization (WHO) workshop in 1999. The initial goals were (i) to propose a new allergic rhinitis classification, (ii) to promote the concept of multi-morbidity in asthma and rhinitis and (iii) to develop guidelines with all stakeholders for global use in all countries and populations. ARIA- disseminated and implemented in over 70 countries globally- is now focusing on the implementation of emerging technologies for individualized and predictive medicine...
March 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612498/china-s-health-care-system-reform-progress-and-prospects
#5
Ling Li, Hongqiao Fu
This paper discusses the progress and prospects of China's complex health care reform beginning in 2009. The Chinese government's undertaking of systemic reform has achieved laudable achievements, including the expansion of social health insurance, the reform of public hospitals, and the strengthening of primary care. An innovative policy tool in China, policy experimentation under hierarchy, played an important role in facilitating these achievements. However, China still faces gaps and challenges in creating a single payer system, restructuring the public hospitals, and establishing an integrated delivery system...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605151/perceptions-of-smartphone-user-centered-mobile-health-tracking-apps-across-various-chronic-illness-populations-an-integrative-review
#6
Susan D Birkhoff, Suzanne C Smeltzer
PURPOSE: This integrative review presents a synthesis of the current qualitative research addressing the motivating factors, usability, and experiences of mobile health tracking applications (apps) across various chronic disease populations. DESIGN: Integrative review of the literature. METHODS: Databases used to conduct this integrative review included: PubMed Plus, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Google Scholar, Science Direct, and EBSCO megafile...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592389/spaces-of-well-being-among-young-adults-with-physical-disabilities-transitioning-from-pediatric-to-adult-healthcare
#7
Sally Lindsay
BACKGROUND: Youth with disabilities are at risk of poor health outcomes as they transition to adult healthcare. Although space and place play an important role in accessing healthcare little is known about the spatial aspects of youth's transition from pediatric to adult healthcare. OBJECTIVE: To understand the spaces of well-being as youth with physical disabilities transition from pediatric to adult healthcare. METHODS: This study draws on a qualitative design involving 63 in-depth interviews with young adults (n = 22), parents (n = 17), and clinicians (n = 24) involved in preparing young adults for transition...
May 31, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591355/effect-of-the-inclusion-of-mobile-phone-interviews-to-vigitel
#8
Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Rafael Moreira Claro, Carlos Augusto Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact on the prevalence changes of risk factors for chronic diseases, published in the Surveillance System of Risk and Protection Factors for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey (Vigitel), after the inclusion of data from the population only with mobile phone. METHODS: Our study used data from the 26 State capitals and Federal District of Brazil obtained by the National Survey on Health (PNS) and Vigitel, both held in 2013. In each capital, we added a subsample of 200 adults living in households with only mobile phones, extracted from PNS, to the Vigitel 2013 database, with approximately 1,900 households, named Vigitel dual frame...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585449/go-baby-go-caf%C3%A3-a-case-study-on-an-immersive-rehabilitation-environment-to-improve-functional-outcomes-and-quality-of-life
#9
Devina S Kumar, Darcy S Reisman, James C Galloway
PURPOSE: To determine the effectiveness of involving traumatic brain injury survivors in a novel "enriched rehabilitation environment" in which physical, cognitive, social and speech impairments are simultaneously addressed during training within a functioning business. METHOD: Participant was a 34-year old with a history of a severe head injury 17 years ago due to a motor vehicle accident. A novel intervention was provided within the Go Baby Go Café at the University of Delaware during her two hour shifts, three times a week for 2 months...
June 6, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584172/integrative-modelling-for-one-health-pattern-process-and-participation
#10
REVIEW
I Scoones, K Jones, G Lo Iacono, D W Redding, A Wilkinson, J L N Wood
This paper argues for an integrative modelling approach for understanding zoonoses disease dynamics, combining process, pattern and participatory models. Each type of modelling provides important insights, but all are limited. Combining these in a '3P' approach offers the opportunity for a productive conversation between modelling efforts, contributing to a 'One Health' agenda. The aim is not to come up with a composite model, but seek synergies between perspectives, encouraging cross-disciplinary interactions...
July 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584116/high-mobility-group-box-1-as-an-autocrine-trophic-factor-in-white-matter-stroke
#11
Jun Young Choi, Yuexian Cui, Samma Tasneem Chowdhury, Byung Gon Kim
Maintenance of white matter integrity in health and disease is critical for a variety of neural functions. Ischemic stroke in the white matter frequently results in degeneration of oligodendrocytes (OLs) and myelin. Previously, we found that toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) expressed in OLs provides cell-autonomous protective effects on ischemic OL death and demyelination in white matter stroke. Here, we identified high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) as an endogenous TLR2 ligand that promotes survival of OLs under ischemic stress...
June 20, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583173/hiv-and-syphilis-in-the-context-of-community-vulnerability-among-indigenous-people-in-the-brazilian-amazon
#12
Adele Schwartz Benzaken, Meritxell Sabidó, Ivo Brito, Ximena Pamela Díaz Bermúdez, Nina Schwartz Benzaken, Enrique Galbán, Rosanna W Peeling, David Mabey
BACKGROUND: Contextual factors shape the risk of acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and syphilis. We estimated the prevalence of both infections among indigenous people in nine indigenous health districts of the Brazilian Amazon and examined the context of community vulnerability to acquiring these infections. METHODS: We trained 509 health care workers to screen sexually active populations in the community for syphilis and HIV using rapid testing (RT)...
June 5, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580019/attitudes-and-interest-in-technology-based-treatment-and-the-remote-monitoring-of-smoking-among-adolescents-and-emerging-adults
#13
Erin McClure, Nathaniel Baker, Matthew J Carpenter, Frank A Treiber, Kevin Gray
INTRODUCTION: Despite the public health relevance of smoking in adolescents and emerging adults, this group remains understudied and underserved. High technology utilization among this group may be harnessed as a tool for better understanding of smoking, yet little is known regarding the acceptability of mobile health (mHealth) integration. METHODS: Participants (ages 14-21) enrolled in a smoking cessation clinical trial provided feedback on their technology utilization, perceptions, and attitudes; and interest in remote monitoring for smoking...
June 2017: Journal of Smoking Cessation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573669/association-between-consistent-weight-gain-tracking-and-gestational-weight-gain-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-trial
#14
Christine M Olson, Myla S Strawderman, Meredith L Graham
OBJECTIVE: The effective components of interventions for reducing excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) remain to be identified. This study investigated the sociodemographic, physical, psychosocial, and environmental correlates of online GWG tracking and its independent association with GWG outcomes. METHODS: Eight hundred ninety-eight women in the intervention arms of a randomized trial assessing the effectiveness of an integrated online and mobile phone behavioral intervention to decrease the prevalence of excessive GWG were included in this secondary analysis...
June 2, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570436/integration-of-mobile-health-technology-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-pain-a-critical-review
#15
Lalitha V Sundararaman, Robert R Edwards, Edgar L Ross, Robert N Jamison
This article provides a critical overview and best-evidence synthesis of the use of mobile health (mHealth) technology among persons with chronic pain and their health care providers and examines the future benefits and barriers of implementing mHealth technology in clinical care. We critically review articles about electronic pain diaries, pain assessment programs, text messaging, and smartphone pain apps for management of persons with pain. Also presented are findings on the utility of activity trackers and use of telehealth to deliver cognitive behavioral therapy...
July 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567197/assessing-the-feasibility-of-mobile-phones-for-follow-up-of-acutely-unwell-children-presenting-to-village-clinics-in-rural-northern-malawi
#16
Victoria Hardy, Jenny Hsieh, Baxter Chirambo, Tsung-Shu Joseph Wu, John O'Donoghue, Adamson S Muula, Matthew Thompson
BACKGROUND: Patient follow-up is a routine component of clinical practice and valuable for evaluating the effectiveness of interventions, but because of the broad dispersion of health facilities and lack of standardised medical reporting in Malawi, collecting patient outcome data can be challenging. Increasing accessibility and affordability of mobile technology in resource-poor settings may facilitate patient follow-up in the community. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential utility of mobile phones for collecting follow-up clinical data from parents or caregivers of acutely unwell under-5 children, for intervention evaluation purposes...
March 2017: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560898/a-systematic-review-of-reviews-evaluating-technology-enabled-diabetes-self-management-education-and-support
#17
Deborah A Greenwood, Perry M Gee, Kathy J Fatkin, Malinda Peeples
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of mobile phones, technology has been increasingly used to enable diabetes self-management education and support. This timely systematic review summarizes how currently available technology impacts outcomes for people living with diabetes. METHODS: A systematic review of high quality review articles and meta analyses focused on utilizing technology in diabetes self-management education and support services was conducted. Articles were included if published between January 2013 and January 2017...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560091/a-mixed-methods-study-of-multiple-health-behaviors-among-individuals-with-stroke
#18
Matthew Plow, Shirley M Moore, Martha Sajatovic, Irene Katzan
BACKGROUND: Individuals with stroke often have multiple cardiovascular risk factors that necessitate promoting engagement in multiple health behaviors. However, observational studies of individuals with stroke have typically focused on promoting a single health behavior. Thus, there is a poor understanding of linkages between healthy behaviors and the circumstances in which factors, such as stroke impairments, may influence a single or multiple health behaviors. METHODS: We conducted a mixed methods convergent parallel study of 25 individuals with stroke to examine the relationships between stroke impairments and physical activity, sleep, and nutrition...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559227/human-centered-design-study-enhancing-the-usability-of-a-mobile-phone-app-in-an-integrated-falls-risk-detection-system-for-use-by-older-adult-users
#19
Richard Harte, Leo R Quinlan, Liam Glynn, Alejandro Rodríguez-Molinero, Paul Ma Baker, Thomas Scharf, Gearóid ÓLaighin
BACKGROUND: Design processes such as human-centered design (HCD), which involve the end user throughout the product development and testing process, can be crucial in ensuring that the product meets the needs and capabilities of the user, particularly in terms of safety and user experience. The structured and iterative nature of HCD can often conflict with the necessary rapid product development life-cycles associated with the competitive connected health industry. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to apply a structured HCD methodology to the development of a smartphone app that was to be used within a connected health fall risk detection system...
May 30, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554917/optimisation-and-validation-of-a-remote-monitoring-system-onco-trec-for-home-based-management-of-oral-anticancer-therapies-an-italian-multicentre-feasibility-study
#20
Alessandro Passardi, Mimma Rizzo, Francesca Maines, Carlo Tondini, Alberto Zambelli, Roberto Vespignani, Daniele Andreis, Ilaria Massa, Marco Dianti, Stefano Forti, Enrico Maria Piras, Claudio Eccher
INTRODUCTION: Despite the growing number of oral agents available for cancer treatment, their efficacy may be reduced due to the lack of adherence, inappropriate adverse event self-management and arbitrary dose adjustment. The management of anticancer therapies could exponentially benefit from the introduction of mobile health technologies in a highly integrated electronic oncology system. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We plan to customise and fine-tune an existing monitoring TreC platform used in different chronic diseases in the oncology setting...
May 29, 2017: BMJ Open
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