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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531268/implementation-of-an-integrated-approach-to-the-national-hiv-aids-strategy-for-improving-human-immunodeficiency-virus-care-for-youths
#1
J Dennis Fortenberry, Linda J Koenig, Bill G Kapogiannis, Carrie L Jeffries, Jonathan M Ellen, Craig M Wilson
Importance: Youths aged 13 to 24 years old living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are less likely than adults to receive the health and prevention benefits of HIV treatments, with only a small proportion having achieved sustained viral suppression. These age-related disparities in HIV continuum of care are owing in part to the unique developmental issues of adolescents and young adults as well as the complexity and fragmentation of HIV care and related services. This article summarizes a national, multiagency, and multilevel approach to HIV care for newly diagnosed youths designed to bridge some of these fragmentations by addressing National HIV/AIDS Strategy goals for people living with HIV...
May 22, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529189/examining-daily-activity-routines-of-older-adults-using-workflow
#2
Jane Chung, Mustafa Ozkaynak, George Demiris
We evaluated the value of workflow analysis supported by a novel visualization technique to better understand the daily routines of older adults and highlight their patterns of daily activities and normal variability in physical functions. We used a self-reported activity diary to obtain data from six community-dwelling older adults for 14 consecutive days. Workflow for daily routine was analyzed using the EventFlow tool, which aggregates workflow information to highlight patterns and variabilities. A total of 1453 events were included in the data analysis...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528560/design-and-implementation-of-a-community-health-worker-hiv-treatment-and-prevention-intervention-in-an-hiv-hot-spot-fishing-community-in-rakai-uganda
#3
Amanda Long, Ismail Mbabali, Heidi E Hutton, Alvin G Thomas, Eva Bugos, Jeremiah Mulamba, Kathy Rivet Amico, Fred Nalugoda, Ronald H Gray, Maria J Wawer, Gertrude Nakigozi, Larry W Chang
Innovative approaches are needed to increase engagement in HIV treatment and prevention services, particularly in HIV hot spots. Here, we detail our design, training approach, and early implementation experiences of a community-based HIV intervention called "health scouts." The intervention, utilizing a novel, theory-based approach, trained 10 community residents in an HIV hot spot fishing community to use motivational interviewing strategies and a mobile phone-based counseling application. During the first 3 months, 771 residents (median 82/health scout, range 27-160) were counseled...
January 1, 2017: Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527495/consumer-mobile-health-apps-current-state-barriers-and-future-directions
#4
REVIEW
Cheng-Kai Kao, David M Liebovitz
This paper discusses the current state, barriers, and future directions of consumer-facing applications (apps). There are currently more than 165,000 mobile health apps publicly available in major app stores, the vast majority of which are designed for patients. The top 2 categories are wellness management and disease management apps, whereas other categories include self-diagnosis, medication reminder, and electronic patient portal apps. Apps specific to physical medicine and rehabilitation also are reviewed...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525312/evaluation-of-the-introduction-of-an-e-health-skills-component-for-dietetics-students
#5
Megan E Rollo, Clare E Collins, Lesley MacDonald-Wicks
BACKGROUND: Appropriate and effective use of technology within practice is a key competency outlined in Australian dietetics training standards. An e-health skills component (lecture and workshop) was introduced to undergraduate students enrolled in an Australian nutrition and dietetics program. METHODS: The lecture orientated students to key e-health terms and concepts relating to telehealth and m-health technologies, while the workshop provided an opportunity to apply knowledge...
May 19, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521749/service-user-involvement-in-mental-health-system-strengthening-in-a-rural-african-setting-qualitative-study
#6
Sisay Abayneh, Heidi Lempp, Atalay Alem, Daniel Alemayehu, Tigist Eshetu, Crick Lund, Maya Semrau, Graham Thornicroft, Charlotte Hanlon
BACKGROUND: It is essential to involve service users in efforts to expand access to mental health care in integrated primary care settings in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, there is little evidence from LMICs to guide this process. The aim of this study was to explore barriers to, and facilitators of, service user/caregiver involvement in rural Ethiopia to inform the development of a scalable approach. METHODS: Thirty nine semi-structured interviews were carried out with purposively selected mental health service users (n = 13), caregivers (n = 10), heads of primary care facilities (n = 8) and policy makers/planners/service developers (n = 8)...
May 18, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512080/using-text-messaging-in-long-term-arthroplasty-follow-up-a-pilot-study
#7
Oliver Blocker, Alison Bullock, Rhidian Morgan-Jones, Adel Ghandour, James Richardson
BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) and mobile technology have the potential to change the way patients are monitored following joint replacement surgery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility of text messaging to record PROMs in long-term follow-up of hip and knee arthroplasty. Our participants were 17 patients 2-years-plus post hip or knee arthroplasty attending clinic with a mobile telephone number on record. METHODS: A simple PROM (Oswestry Very Short Form) was texted to the patient...
May 16, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508796/emedication-meets-ehealth-with-the-electronic-medication-management-assistant-emma
#8
Mauro Tschanz, Tim Lucas Dorner, Kerstin Denecke
BACKGROUND: A patient's healthcare team is often missing a complete overview on the prescribed and dispensed medication. This is due to an inconsistent information flow between the different actors of the healthcare system. Often, only the patient himself knows exactly which drugs he is actually taking. OBJECTIVES: Our objective is to exploit different eHealth technologies available or planned in Switzerland to improve the information flow of the medication data among the stakeholder and to support the patient in managing his medication...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507010/a-systematic-review-of-application-and-effectiveness-of-mhealth-interventions-for-obesity-and-diabetes-treatment-and-self-management
#9
REVIEW
Youfa Wang, Hong Xue, Yaqi Huang, Lili Huang, Dongsong Zhang
The use of mobile and wireless technologies and wearable devices for improving health care processes and outcomes (mHealth) is promising for health promotion among patients with chronic diseases such as obesity and diabetes. This study comprehensively examined published mHealth intervention studies for obesity and diabetes treatment and management to assess their effectiveness and provide recommendations for future research. We systematically searched PubMed for mHealth-related studies on diabetes and obesity treatment and management published during 2000-2016...
May 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505228/associations-of-musculoskeletal-pain-with-mobility-in-older-adults-potential-cerebral-mechanisms
#10
Yenisel Cruz-Almeida, Andrea Rosso, Zachary Marcum, Tamara Harris, Anne B Newman, Michael Nevitt, Suzanne Satterfield, Kristine Yaffe, Caterina Rosano
Background: Musculoskeletal pain is highly prevalent and limits mobility in older adults. A potential mechanism by which pain affects mobility could be through its negative impact on the brain. We examined whether structural integrity of cerebral gray and white matter (WM) mediated the relationship between pain and mobility in community-dwelling older adults. Methods: Musculoskeletal pain, gait speed, and neuroimaging data were obtained concurrently from the Health ABC study (mean age = 83/56% female, n = 212)...
May 13, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502166/grouping-of-petroleum-substances-as-example-uvcbs-by-ion-mobility-mass-spectrometry-to-enable-chemical-composition-based-read-across
#11
Fabian Alexander Grimm, William K Russell, Yu-Syuan Luo, Yasuhiro Iwata, Weihsueh A Chiu, Tim Roy, Peter J Boogaard, Hans B Ketelslegers, Ivan Rusyn
Substances of Unknown or Variable composition, Complex reaction products, and Biological materials (UVCBs), including many refined petroleum products, present a major challenge in regulatory submissions under the EU Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) and US High Production Volume regulatory regimes. The inherent complexity of these substances, as well as variability in composition obfuscates detailed chemical characterization of each individual substance and their grouping for human and environmental health evaluation through read-across...
May 14, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495031/a-pilot-mobile-integrated-healthcare-program-for-frequent-utilizers-of-emergency-department-services
#12
Vicki A Nejtek, Subhash Aryal, Deepika Talari, Hao Wang, Liam O'Neill
PURPOSE: To examine whether or not a mobile integrated health (MIH) program may improve health-related quality of life while reducing emergency department (ED) transports, ED admissions, and inpatient hospital admissions in frequent utilizers of ED services. METHODS: A small retrospective evaluation assessing pre- and post-program quality of life, ED transports, ED admissions, and inpatient hospital admissions was conducted in patients who frequently used the ED for non-emergent or emergent/primary care treatable conditions...
April 27, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495005/developing-a-ubiquitous-health-management-system-with-healthy-diet-control-for-metabolic-syndrome-healthcare-in-taiwan
#13
Yao-Chiang Kan, Kai-Hong Chen, Hsueh-Chun Lin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Self-management in healthcare can allow patients managing their health data anytime and everywhere for prevention of chronic diseases. This study established a prototype of ubiquitous health management system (UHMS) with healthy diet control (HDC) for people who need services of metabolic syndrome healthcare in Taiwan. METHODS: System infrastructure comprises of three portals and a database tier with mutually supportive components to achieve functionality of diet diaries, nutrition guides, and health risk assessments for self-health management...
June 2017: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494802/reducing-depressive-symptomatology-with-a-smartphone-app-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#14
Cezar Giosan, Oana Cobeanu, Cristina Mogoaşe, Aurora Szentagotai, Vlad Mureşan, Rareș Boian
BACKGROUND: Depression has become one of the leading contributors to the global disease burden. Evidence-based treatments for depression are available, but access to them is still limited in some instances. As technology has become more integrated into mental health care, computerized cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) protocols have become available and have been recently transposed to mobile environments (e.g., smartphones) in the form of "apps." Preliminary research on some depression apps has shown promising results in reducing subthreshold or mild to moderate depressive symptoms...
May 12, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492816/enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-program-implementation-in-2-surgical-populations-in-an-integrated-health-care-delivery-system
#15
Vincent X Liu, Efren Rosas, Judith Hwang, Eric Cain, Anne Foss-Durant, Molly Clopp, Mengfei Huang, Derrick C Lee, Alex Mustille, Patricia Kipnis, Stephen Parodi
Importance: Novel approaches to perioperative surgical care focus on optimizing nutrition, mobility, and pain management to minimize adverse events after surgical procedures. Objective: To evaluate the outcomes of an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program among 2 target populations: patients undergoing elective colorectal resection and patients undergoing emergency hip fracture repair. Design, Setting, and Participants: A pre-post difference-in-differences study before and after ERAS implementation in the target populations compared with contemporaneous surgical comparator groups (patients undergoing elective gastrointestinal surgery and emergency orthopedic surgery)...
May 10, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479556/wearable-and-mobile-technology-for-safe-and-active-living
#16
Mette Røhne, Elin Sundby Boysen, Dag Ausen
The study explores how mobile safety alarms can be utilized for ambient assisted living (AAL), and provides elderly safety, autonomy, independence and mobility. The aim is to generate knowledge on usage, usability and technical requirements to harvest the potential benefits of using wearable and mobile technologies in care for safe and active living. The study is based on real life pilots in three Norwegian municipalities with 71 users, their caregivers and relatives. Pilot users wore the mobile safety alarm while performing their daily activities - indoor and outdoor...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474374/mobile-phone-messaging-for-illicit-drug-and-alcohol-dependence-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#17
Babak Tofighi, Joseph M Nicholson, Jennifer McNeely, Frederick Muench, Joshua D Lee
ISSUES: Mobile phone use has increased dramatically and concurrent with rapid developments in mobile phone-based health interventions. The integration of text messaging interventions promises to optimise the delivery of care for persons with substance dependence with minimal disruption to clinical workflows. We conducted a systematic review to assess the acceptability, feasibility and clinical impact of text messaging interventions for persons with illicit drug and alcohol dependence...
May 5, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471479/internet-and-mobile-interventions-for-depression-opportunities-and-challenges
#18
REVIEW
Pim Cuijpers, Annet Kleiboer, Eirini Karyotaki, Heleen Riper
BACKGROUND: The Internet offers several new ways of developing, implementing, and disseminating evidence-based interventions for depression. METHODS: In this paper, we narratively synthesized the evidence showing that Internet-based therapies are effective in treating depression. RESULTS: In the past decade, a considerable number of psychological treatments have been developed for the treatment of depression and several hundreds of randomized controlled trials have been conducted, showing that these interventions are effective and that there are no major differences in effects between therapies...
May 4, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470368/breast-cancer-survivors-preferences-for-technology-supported-exercise-interventions
#19
Siobhan M Phillips, David E Conroy, Sarah Kozey Keadle, Christine A Pellegrini, Gillian R Lloyd, Frank J Penedo, Bonnie Spring
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore breast cancer survivors' interest in and preferences for technology-supported exercise interventions. METHODS: Post-treatment survivors [n = 279; M age = 60.7 (SD = 9.7)] completed a battery of online questionnaires in August 2015. Descriptive statistics were calculated for all data. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine relationships between survivors' interest in a technology-supported exercise interventions and demographic, disease, and behavioral factors...
May 3, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464728/pervasive-mobile-healthcare-systems-for-chronic-disease-monitoring
#20
Geshwaree Huzooree, Kavi Kumar Khedo, Noorjehan Joonas
Pervasive mobile healthcare system has the potential to improve healthcare and the quality of life of chronic disease patients through continuous monitoring. Recently, many articles related to pervasive mobile healthcare system focusing on health monitoring using wireless technologies have been published. The main aim of this review is to evaluate the state-of-the-art pervasive mobile healthcare systems to identify major technical requirements and design challenges associated with the realization of a pervasive mobile healthcare system...
May 1, 2017: Health Informatics Journal
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