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Mandeep Kaur, Rajinder Jindal
Present investigation aimed to assess the alterations in branchial architecture of Ctenopharyngodon idellus exposed to chlorpyrifos. 96 h LC50 of chlorpyrifos to C. idellus was found to be 7.24 µg/L. Fish were exposed chronically to 2.41 and 1.44 µg/L sublethal concentrations (ecologically relevant concentrations) of chlorpyrifos for 15, 30 and 60 days. The gills of the CPF exposed fish showed partially affected secondary lamellae with shortening and curling, increased inter-lamellar space, sloughed off epithelium, hyperplasia and necrosis of pavement cells...
March 14, 2018: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Safa Alshaikh, Zainab Harb, Eman Aljufairi, S Ali Almahari
Background: Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of thyroid is the initial screening test for thyroid nodules. The Bethesda system classifies thyroid FNAC into six categories. Each category is linked to a malignancy risk and has a recommended clinical management. The aim of this study is to analyze the thyroid cytology smears by Bethesda system and to correlate the diagnosis of cytopathology with histopathology, whenever surgery was done. Materials and Methods: This study presents our experience with the Bethesda system in 681 thyroid FNAs from 632 patients in the period between January 2013 and December 2016...
2018: CytoJournal
Vincent P Groot, Sameer S Thakker, Georgios Gemenetzis, Michaël Noë, Ammar A Javed, Richard A Burkhart, Behnoud B Noveiry, John L Cameron, Matthew J Weiss, Christopher J VandenBussche, Elliot K Fishman, Ralph H Hruban, Christopher L Wolfgang, Anne Marie Lennon, Jin He
BACKGROUND: Lymphoepithelial cysts (LECs) are rare pancreatic cystic lesions. Since LECs are benign, preoperative diagnosis is important to differentiate from a cystic neoplasm and avoid unnecessary surgery. The aim of this study was to identify clinical, radiographic and cytopathologic features associated with LECs. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of patients diagnosed with LEC between 1995 and 2017 at our hospital. Clinicopathologic and radiographic imaging features were documented...
March 9, 2018: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
Francesco Macrì, Simona Di Pietro, Cyndi Mangano, Michela Pugliese, Giuseppe Mazzullo, Nicola M Iannelli, Vito Angileri, Simona Morabito, Massimo De Majo
BACKGROUND: In veterinary medicine, contrast-enhanced ultrasonography allowed the accurate quantification of liver, splenic and kidney vascularization in healthy dogs and the differentiation between malignant and benign hepatic, renal, and splenic nodules in dogs and cats based on perfusion patterns. The utility of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in other applications is still under study. The aim of this study was to develop diagnostic criteria by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in 8 client-owned adult dogs affected by urinary bladder transitional cell carcinoma with definitive diagnosis made by cytopathologic evaluation after suction biopsy...
March 12, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Cedric W Pluguez-Turull, Jennifer E Nanyes, Cristina J Quintero, Hamza Alizai, Daniel D Mais, Kenneth A Kist, Nella C Dornbluth
Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare benign inflammatory breast entity characterized by lobulocentric granulomas. IGM has a persistent or recurrent disease course and affects parous premenopausal women with a history of lactation. It has also been associated with hyperprolactinemia. The most common clinical sign is a palpable tender mass. However, the nonspecific manifestations and varied demographic features of this condition, as well as the other similar-appearing and superimposed breast entities, pose substantial diagnostic challenges...
March 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Liron Pantanowitz, Lester D R Thompson, Esther Diana Rossi
Fine needle aspiration (FNA) has diagnostic and therapeutic value in the management of salivary gland cysts. Rendering an accurate diagnosis from an aspirated salivary gland cyst is challenging because of the broad differential diagnosis, possibility of sampling error, frequent hypocellularity of specimens, morphologic heterogeneity, and overlapping cytomorphology of many cystic entities. To date, there have been no comprehensive review articles providing a practical diagnostic approach to FNA of cystic lesions of salivary glands...
March 9, 2018: Head and Neck Pathology
Hui Ye, Tiange Song, Xi Zeng, Lin Li, Minmin Hou, Mingrong Xi
BACKGROUND: Some studies demonstrated that female genital mycoplasmas play important roles in human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, abnormal cervical cytopathology, and cervical cancer. However, those results remained inconclusive. We aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the association between female genital mycoplasmas and those disorders. METHODS: Computerized databases were comprehensively searched before 26 January 2017. Pooled odd radios (ORs) and correlative 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were adopted to evaluate the strength of association...
March 8, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Tilman Hottenrott, Elisabeth Schorb, Kristina Fritsch, Rick Dersch, Benjamin Berger, Daniela Huzly, Sebastian Rauer, Ludger Tebartz van Elst, Dominique Endres, Oliver Stich
Some patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) may initially present with similar clinical, magnetic resonance imaging, and routine cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings as those observed in multiple sclerosis (MS). The MRZ reaction (MRZR), composed of the three respective antibody indices (AIs) against measles, rubella, and varicella zoster virus, appears to be the most specific CSF marker for MS. This study aimed to determine whether a positive MRZR and other routine CSF markers help differentiate between MS and PCNSL...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Neurology
Ozgen Arslan Solmaz
Background: Palpable thyroid nodules can be found in 4%-7% of the adult population; however, <5% of thyroid nodules are malignant. Immunohistochemical markers, such as CD56, can be used to make a differential diagnosis between benign and malignant lesions. To increase the accuracy of the diagnosis and distinguish the malignant aspirates from the benign ones, chose to evaluate CD56, which is normally found in benign thyroid tissue. Methods: A total of 53 fine-needle aspirate samples from patients diagnosed with suspected papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) were included prospectively...
2018: CytoJournal
Yoko Sekita-Hatakeyama, Takeshi Nishikawa, Mao Takeuchi, Kouhei Morita, Maiko Takeda, Kinta Hatakeyama, Tokiko Nakai, Tomoko Uchiyama, Hiroe Itami, Tomomi Fujii, Akira Mitoro, Masayuki Sho, Chiho Ohbayashi
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) technology is widely used for the diagnosis of pancreatic masses. However, in some cases, inadequate tissue volume or difficulty of morphological diagnosis are constraining factors for adequate cytopathological evaluation. K-ras mutation is the most frequently acquired genetic abnormality, occurring in approximately 90% of all patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). In the present study, the clinical utility of residual liquid-based cytology (LBC) specimens obtained using EUS-FNA for K-ras mutation analysis was evaluated...
2018: PloS One
Giancarlo Troncone, Sinchita Roy-Chowdhuri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Maria D Lozano, José I Echeveste, Marta Abengozar, Luis D Mejías, Miguel A Idoate, Alfonso Calvo, Carlos E de Andrea
CONTEXT: - The rapid advances in targeted therapies in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) make the optimization and implementation of cytology specimens for molecular testing a priority. Up to 70% of patients with NSCLC are diagnosed at advanced stages and tissue biopsies often cannot be taken. Although cytology samples provide high-quality material for molecular testing, molecular cytopathology is not yet well known or widely used. OBJECTIVE: - To report the many advances in molecular cytopathology and the suitability and utility of cytology samples in molecular and genetic testing of NSCLC...
March 2018: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
E Boon, M Bel, W van Boxtel, W T A van der Graaf, R J J van Es, S E J Eerenstein, R J Baatenburg de Jong, M W M van den Brekel, L A van der Velden, M J H Witjes, A Hoeben, S M Willems, E Bloemena, L A Smit, S F Oosting, M A Jonker, U E Flucke, C M L van Herpen
Salivary duct carcinoma (SDC) is a subtype of salivary gland cancer with a dismal prognosis and a need for better prognostication and novel treatments. The aim of this national cohort study was to investigate clinical outcome, prognostic factors, Androgen Receptor (AR) and Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2) expression. SDC patients diagnosed between 1990 - 2014 were identified by the Nationwide Network and Registry of Histo- and Cytopathology in the Netherlands (PALGA). Subsequently, medical records were evaluated and pathological diagnoses reviewed...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Polycarp Erivwo, Chandrani Ghosh
INTRODUCTION: The rates of atypia of undetermined significance (AUS) by fine-needle aspiration (FNA) and malignant outcomes have been estimated at < 7% and 5-15%, respectively. Initial AUS diagnosis is followed up clinically with serial ultrasounds, repeat FNA, molecular testing, or direct surgery. We investigated the incidence, follow-up modalities, and final outcomes of AUS in Newfoundland. METHODS: All cases of AUS diagnosed at the Eastern Health Cytology Laboratory between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2013 were identified...
February 27, 2018: Acta Cytologica
Franco Fulciniti, Kenji Yanoh, Petros Karakitsos, Jun Watanabe, Alessia Di Lorito, Niki Margari, Yoshinobu Maeda, Maki Kihara, Yoshiaki Norimatsu, Tadao K Kobayashi, Yasuo Hirai
BACKGROUND: The main purpose of directly sampled endometrial cytology is to detect invasive endometrial malignancies. With this principle in mind, The Yokohama System (TYS) Working Group, composed of cytopathologists, surgical pathologists, and gynecologic oncologists met at the 2016 International Congress of Cytology, Yokohama, with the aim to publish a standardized reporting system inclusive of specific diagnostic categories and cytomorphologic criteria for uniform and reliable diagnosis of endometrial malignancies on directly sampled endometrial samples...
February 26, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Andrey Bychkov, Chan Kwon Jung, Zhiyan Liu, Kennichi Kakudo
The introduction of noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) was initiated and promoted by pathologists. Recent Asian studies added new knowledge to the existing literature to aid a better understanding of NIFTP. Our original data and the results of a meta-analysis suggest that the initial rate of NIFTP has been overestimated, averaging 9.1% (95% confidence interval [CI] 6.0-12.7%) of all papillary thyroid cancers worldwide. The incidence of NIFTP in the Asian population (1...
February 23, 2018: Endocrine Pathology
Toni Ricardo Martins, Adhemar Longatto-Filho, Diane Cohen, Juliana Yukari Kodaira Viscondi, Luiz Mario Fuza, Lise Cury, Luisa Lina Villa, José Eduardo Levi, José Eluf-Neto
Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the influence of prior knowledge of human papillomavirus (HPV) status in cervical cytopathology readings. Methods: Participants comprised 2,376 women who underwent parallel cytology and HPV-DNA testing. Smears were read twice by the same team, first with previous knowledge of HPV-DNA status. Results: Overall, 239 (10.2%) smears had their cytology classification altered by the HPV-informed review. Cytology readings with prior knowledge of the HPV status revealed 10...
February 17, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
Claudio Bellevicine, Roberta Sgariglia, Ilaria Migliatico, Elena Vigliar, Melania D'Anna, Maria Antonia Nacchio, Nicola Serra, Umberto Malapelle, Massimo Bongiovanni, Giancarlo Troncone
BACKGROUND: The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid Cytopathology category of atypia of undetermined significance/follicular lesion of undetermined significance (AUS/FLUS) includes fine-needle aspiration (FNA) specimens that cannot straightforwardly be classified as benign or malignant. To determine whether morphological subcategorization based on atypia qualifiers and molecular testing could improve malignancy risk stratification of AUS/FLUS patients, this study assessed the correlation between these qualifiers and the molecular alterations commonly harbored by thyroid neoplasms...
February 22, 2018: Cancer Cytopathology
Sinchita Roy-Chowdhuri, Meenakshi Mehrotra, Ana Maria Bolivar, Rashmi Kanagal-Shamanna, Bedia A Barkoh, Brette Hannigan, Stephanie Zalles, Wenrui Ye, Dzifa Duose, Russell Broaddus, Gregg Staerkel, Ignacio Wistuba, L Jeffrey Medeiros, Rajyalakshmi Luthra
With the expanding role of targeted therapy in patients with solid tumors, pathologists face the daunting task of having to maximize limited volume tissue obtained by fine needle aspiration for a variety of molecular tests. While most molecular studies on fine needle aspiration samples have been reported using cellular material, recent studies have shown that a substantial amount of DNA can be retrieved from the supernatant fluid of aspirate needle rinses after cell pelleting for cytospin or cell block preparations...
February 20, 2018: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Giovanni Guido Pompili, Silvia Tresoldi, Anna Ravelli, Alessandra Primolevo, Giovanni Di Leo, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to validate the role of the total malignancy score (TMS) in identifying thyroid nodules suspicious for malignancy through the sum of their ultrasound features. Methods: The local ethical committee approved this prospective observational study. We examined 231 nodules in 231 consecutive patients (164 females and 67 males; age range, 20 to 87 years; median age, 59 years; interquartile range, 48 to 70 years) who underwent ultrasound followed by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC)...
January 6, 2018: Ultrasonography
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