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Orbital tumors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039986/orbital-exenteration-institutional-review-of-evolving-trends-in-indications-and-rehabilitation-techniques
#1
Hayyam Kiratli, İrem Koç
PURPOSE: To determine the changes in indications for orbital exenteration over 20 years and to assess its impact on patient survival. Evolving techniques of rehabilitation of the orbit in our institution were also evaluated. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of hospital records of patients who underwent orbital exenteration from 1995 to 2015 in a tertiary care center. Data extracted included primary location of the tumor, preoperative treatments, interval between initial diagnosis and exenteration, status of surgical margins, presence of metastatic disease, and postoperative survival...
October 17, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038082/supraorbital-approach-for-resection-of-clinoidal-meningioma
#2
Rimal H Dossani, Piyush Kalakoti, Bharat Guthikonda
Meningiomas of the clinoid region pose formidable surgical challenge. Pterional craniotomy is the traditional approach, and often associated with high-risk post-surgical morbidities. In the current presentation, we describe an elderly male with a clinoidal meningioma that underwent a minimally invasive supra-orbital craniotomy for tumor resection. Patient presentation, neuroimaging, and surgical techniques (patient position, incision, anatomical consideration, and surgical steps) are described meticulously...
October 13, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037024/treatment-outcome-and-risk-analysis-for-cataract-after-radiotherapy-of-localized-ocular-adnexal-mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-malt-lymphoma
#3
Hee Hyun Park, Sea-Won Lee, Soo Yoon Sung, Byung Ock Choi
PURPOSE: We retrospectively reviewed the results of radiotherapy for localized ocular adnexal MALT lymphoma (OAML) to investigate the risk factors of cataract. METHODS: Sixty-seven patients with stage IE OAML treated with radiotherapy at Seoul St. Mary's Hospital from 2001 to 2016 were included. Median treatment dose was 30 Gy. Lens protection was done in 52 (76%) patients. Radiation therapy (RT) extent was as follows: superficial (82.1%), tumor mass (4.5%), and entire orbital socket (13...
September 2017: Radiation Oncology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034153/efficacy-of-frontalis-suspension-with-silicone-rods-in-ptosis-patients-with-poor-bell-s-phenomenon
#4
Khyati P Shah, Bipasha Mukherjee
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of silicone rods as frontalis sling for correction of ptosis associated with poor Bell's phenomenon in specific situations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective interventional case series of 25 eyes of 19 patients who underwent frontalis suspension surgery with silicone rods for ptosis correction from May 2006 to April 2011, was performed. Inclusion criteria included severe ptosis with poor Bell's phenomenon...
July 2017: Taiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030282/epithelioid-hemangioendothelioma-an-uncommon-tumor-of-the-eyelid-a-case-report
#5
Mohamed Amine Ennouhi, Alae Guerrouani, Abdennacer Moussaoui
Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is an infrequent vascular tumor that has an intermediate prognosis between the prognosis of the angioma and that of the angiosarcoma. Its evolution is characterized by a tendency to recurrence and metastases. EHE has been reported in locations such as: lungs, liver, bone and soft tissues. There are very few reports of cases involving the head and neck region. The occurrence of EHE in the orbital region and/or the eyelid is extremely rare. The authors report a case of EHE in the right upper eyelid...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023301/inflammatory-myofibroblastic-tumor-rare-manifestation-in-face
#6
William Phillip Pereira da Silva, Larissa Balbo Zavarez, Fernando Luiz Zanferrari, Juliana Lucena Schussel, Leonardo Pérez Faverani, Juliana Elizabeth Jung, Laurindo Moacir Sassi
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor, also known as inflammatory pseudotumor and plasma cell granuloma, is a tumor that occurs most often in the lungs, abdomen, skin, soft tissue, genital system, and mediastinal. Before surgery, the diagnosis is difficult to establish because of its diverse manifestations. In the head and neck, manifestation is rare and may occur in the upper respiratory tract, soft tissues, orbits, and skull base. This article aims to report a rare manifestation of the disease in the face, highlighting the importance of a correct diagnosis to determine the most appropriate form of treatment, in male patient, leucoderma, 22 years old, with complain of a painless unilateral growth in the left cheek, beginning 2 months before and with progressive growth...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022961/orbital-teratoma-a-rare-congenital-tumour
#7
Simanta Khadka, Gulshan Bahadur Shrestha, Pragati Gautam, Jyoti Baba Shrestha
BACKGROUND: Orbital teratomas are congenital, unilateral germ cell tumors, which are present at birth with moderate to massive proptosis. The rare tumour has to be managed individually and is at times difficult. CASE: A female child in her 2nd day of life was brought to our department with complains of forward bulging of the left eye which was noticed since the time of her birth. OBSERVATION: Examination and investigations revealed a mass with scattered foci of calcification...
January 2017: Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022959/alveolar-soft-part-sarcoma-of-the-orbit-a-case-report-of-a-rare-tumor
#8
Ángel Nava-Castañeda, José Luis Tovilla-Canales, Francisca Zuazo, Lourdes Rodríguez-Cabrera, Lilia Garnica-Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Alveolar Soft Part Sarcoma is a rare malignant tumor of uncertain histogenesis, representing 0.5-1% of all soft tissue tumors. It occurs predominantly in head and neck regions, especially the orbit and the tongue, in infants, causing no specific symptoms for an extended period of time. CASE: A four year old girl was brought to consultation because of persistent swelling of her left upper and lower eyelid for the past six months. A 4 mm proptosis was noted on her left eye with significant upwards displacement of the globe...
January 2017: Nepalese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016414/prenatal-diagnosis-of-a-melanotic-neuroectodermal-tumor-of-infancy-mnti-a-case-report-with-a-favorable-outcome-after-chemotherapy-failure-and-incomplete-resection
#9
Audrey Moreau, Louise Galmiche, Kahina Belhous, Gerald Franchi, Vincent Couloigner, Jerome Nevoux, Pierre Antoine Aymard, Arnaud Picard, Veronique Minard-Colin, Natacha Kadlub
We present the case of a woman referred to our department at 34 weeks of pregnancy with a fetal ultrasonographic scan showing a mass that had developed within the right maxilla with invasion of the orbit. A retrospective examination showed that this tumor had been present since the 12th week of pregnancy. At 39+4 weeks of gestation, a boy was born. He presented a black firm aspect in the maxilla. A computed tomographic scan and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a soft tissue swelling over the right maxilla, extending into the orbit but without invasion of the globe...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994872/primary-ewing-s-sarcoma-of-the-sphenoid-sinus-with-orbital-and-intracranial-extension-a-case-report
#10
Senda Turki, Skander Kedous, Madiha Mahjoubi, Sawssen Dhambri, Zied Attia, Slim Touati
Ewing's sarcoma is a high-grade neuroectodermal primary bone tumor. This is the second primary bone tumor in children afterosteosarcoma and represents 4 to10% of cases. It can occur in all skeletal bones. However, the location at the facial bones is uncommon (1to2%) and extremely rare at the sphenoid sinus. We report the clinical results of a rare case of Ewing's sarcoma of the sphenoid with intraorbitaland intracranial extension.
November 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991355/a-case-of-orbital-lipoblastoma-temporal-evolution-of-imaging-findings
#11
Sungsoon Hwang, Jee Wook Kim, Seon Ae Shin, Debrelle Lou Siapno, Yeon Lim Suh, Kyung In Woo, Yoon-Duck Kim
Lipoblastoma is a rare tumor that is not commonly seen in the orbit. The authors present clinical features, histopathologic findings, changes in the radiologic findings over time, and the radiological-pathological correlation of orbital lipoblastoma in an infant. A 3-month-old male infant presented with a palpable mass on the left upper eyelid. The patient was observed for 1 year with magnetic resonance imaging. At the age of 15 months, the patient underwent excisional biopsy. Histopathologic examination showed features of hypocellular lobules with a mixture of adipocytes of various stages of maturity and myxoid stroma separated by prominent fibrous septa, confirming a diagnosis of orbital lipoblastoma...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984344/concomitant-intraocular-retinoblastoma-and-choroidal-hemangioma-in-a-1-year-old-boy
#12
Yacoub A Yousef, Maysa Al-Hussaini, Fareed H Barakat, Alaa Saleh, Mona Mohammad, Rasha Deebajah
We report a case of concomitant choroidal hemangioma in an eye that harbored intraocular retinoblastoma (RB) in a 1-year-old child. A 12-month-old boy presented with right white pupil (Leukocoria). The initial clinical diagnosis was unilateral intraocular RB Group C. The eye was treated initially by systemic chemotherapy combined with focal consolidation therapy followed by I-125 plaque radiotherapy. Massive sub-retinal recurrence was seen 4 months later, and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) showed extra-scleral invasion of the tumor, and therefore enucleation was performed...
October 6, 2017: Türk Patoloji Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979359/external-ophthalmomyiasis-caused-by-lucilia-sericata-diptera-challiphoride-larva
#13
Roghayeh Norouzi, Arman Manochehri, Saman Zarrin
Myiasis is an animal or human pathogenic condition initiated by parasitic dipterous fly larvae feeding in the host's necrotic or living tissue. Here we report a case of external ophthalmomyiasis caused by Lucilia sericata in a 78-yr-old with a vascular tumor of the retina and surgery history, from Bijar City of Kurdistan Province, Iran in 2015. Associated symptoms included right eye pain with mucoid ocular discharge, headache, sensing the presence of a foreign body in the eye and itching. Examination revealed a L...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966461/natural-killer-t-cell-lymphoma-invading-the-orbit-and-globe
#14
Lance J Lyons, Ivan Vrcek, Marie Somogyi, Kevin Taheri, Joan H Admirand, Saradha Chexal, Demetrius F Loukas, Tanuj Nakra
Natural killer/T-cell lymphomas are extremely rare and carry high mortality rates. Epidemiologically, these cancers tend to affect mainly Asian and South American patients and are associated with Epstein-Barr virus seropositivity. This report details a 78-year-old Vietnamese woman who presented initially with vitritis of unknown cause, but later developed proptosis and conjunctival involvement as her disease spread. Biopsies of the orbit, ethmoid sinus, and conjunctiva were found to be significant for natural killer/T-cell lymphoma...
October 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931297/-intracranial-pressure-evaluation-by-ophthalmologist
#15
J Čmelo, R Illéš, J Šteňo
The value of ICT is important in diagnosis of the diseases of the eye and orbit Methods for direct measurement of intracranial pressure (ICT) are exact, but they are invasive and there is some risk of infection and damage of the tissue. Currently there are 2 valid indirect methods of mesurement of IKT. Digital Ophthalmodynamometry (D-ODM) and Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TDU). D-ODM is a non-invasive method for measuring of the Pulsating Venous Pressure (VPT). We can measure VPT by the pulse phenomena...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922524/dynamic-contrast-enhanced-mri-in-orbital-lymphoproliferative-disorders-effects-of-region-of-interest-selection-methods-on-time-efficiency-measurement-reproducibility-and-diagnostic-ability
#16
Wen Qian, Xiao-Quan Xu, Hao Hu, Guo-Yi Su, Jiang-Fen Wu, Hai-Bin Shi, Fei-Yun Wu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies indicated that dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) could serve as a useful biomarker for differentiating malignant from benign orbital lymphoproliferative disorders (OLPDs). PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of different region of interest (ROI) selection methods on the measurements of DCE-MRI parameters, and their diagnostic ability in discriminating malignant from benign OLPDs. STUDY TYPE: Retrospective study...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922241/a-shift-in-the-orbit-immediate-endoscopic-reconstruction-after-transnasal-orbital-tumors-resection
#17
Giacomo Colletti, Alberto M Saibene, Federico Pessina, Marco Duvina, Fabiana Allevi, Giovanni Felisati, Federico Biglioli
Endoscopic endonasal resection of orbital lesions is a safe and common approach. Nevertheless, medial orbital wall defects following the procedure are not routinely addressed, potentially leading to diplopia and enophthalmos. In this article, the authors propose a new technique for purely endoscopic endonasal reconstruction of orbital wall defects following endoscopic endonasal resection of orbital lesions.The patient, a 43-year-old male, suffering from right exophthalmos and diplopia due to a venous malformation of the right orbit underwent endoscopic endonasal resection of the mass...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913516/a-rare-erosive-orbital-mass-in-a-child-case-report-of-myofibroma
#18
Bahram Eshraghi, Shima Dehghani, Ghasem Saeedi-Anari
PURPOSE: To present the clinical, histological, and radiographic findings of a case of orbital myofibroma in an unusual location. The literature is reviewed and the clinical relevance discussed. METHODS: A 5-year-old boy was examined with a 1.5-month history of progressive swelling in the left supraorbital region. RESULTS: Examination revealed a firm, painless mass in the supralateral region of the left orbit with slight reddish discoloration of the overlying skin...
September 2017: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910871/-mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-lymphoma-in-children-and-adolescents-a-clinicopathologic-study-of-5-cases
#19
J Hu, J L Xie, Z J Zhou, X G Zhou
Objective: To investigate the pathological features and clinical manifestations of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma in children and adolescents. Methods: Five cases of MALT lymphoma in children were investigated by morphology and immunophenotyping along with clinical follow-up. Results: Five cases of MALT lymphoma occurred in the antrum, orbit, parotid gland and nasopharynx. All patients had no B symptoms and only one patient showed a local mass with ulcer. One case presented with cervical lymph node enlargement, and 4 cases showed no evidence of lymphadenopathy...
September 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905843/orbital-dermatofibrosarcoma-protuberans-with-frontal-and-ethmoid-sinus-involvement-a-case-report-and-brief-review-of-literature
#20
Deepti Sharma, Garima Singh, Neha Kakkar, Vidya Jha
Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans is a soft tissue sarcoma that is dermal in origin. The incidence is <0.1% of all malignancies and 1% of soft tissue sarcoma. Most commonly, it involves trunk (62%) followed by extremities (25%) and head and neck (13%). It is a slow growing tumor with locally aggressive behavior. Here, a 50-year-old female diagnosed with orbital dermatofibrosarcoma developed extra-axial component in right frontal region even on chemotherapy. Hence, the bad prognostic factors are yet to be established in dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
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