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Cardiac telemetry

Giovanni Filardo, Gorav Ailawadi, Benjamin D Pollock, Briget da Graca, Danielle M Sass, Teresa K Phan, Debbie E Montenegro, Vinod Thourani, Ralph Damiano
BACKGROUND: New-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) is associated with increased morbidity and poorer long-term survival. Although many studies show differences in outcome in women versus men after CABG, little is known about the sex-specific incidence and characteristics of post-CABG AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Overall, 11 236 consecutive patients without preoperative AF underwent isolated CABG from 2002 to 2010 at 4 US academic medical centers and 1 high-volume specialty cardiac hospital...
October 18, 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Roisin Bartlam, Rajiv Mohanraj
BACKGROUND: Seizures can lead to cardiac arrhythmias by a number of mechanisms including activation/inhibition of cortical autonomic centers, increase in vagal tone through activation of brainstem reflex centers, and respiratory failure. Ictal asystole (IA) is a potential mechanism underlying sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). We analyzed the clinical features of 5 patients who developed IA requiring pacemaker implantation. METHODS: Patients with ictal arrhythmias were identified from the video-telemetry and ambulatory EEG database at Greater Manchester Neurosciences Centre, as well as an independent epilepsy residential care facility...
October 13, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Steven P Sears, Trevor W Getz, Christopher O Austin, William C Palmer, Evelyn A Boyd, Fernando F Stancampiano
BACKGROUND: Azithromycin has been associated with abnormalities of cardiac repolarization and development of torsades de pointes. Observational data suggest that the risk of death from cardiovascular causes is increased in patients taking azithromycin. Little is known regarding the risk of ventricular arrhythmia in patients with prolongation of the corrected QT interval who receive azithromycin. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of sustained ventricular tachycardia in patients with prolonged corrected QT (QTc) who subsequently received azithromycin...
March 2016: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
K Sugahara, Y Maeda, K Shimano, A Mogami, H Kataoka, K Ogawa, K Hikida, H Kumagai, M Asayama, T Yamamoto, T Harada, P Ni, S Inoue, A Kawaguchi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We conducted preclinical and clinical studies to examine the pharmacological, particularly cardiac, effects of amiselimod (MT-1303), a second-generation sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptor modulator, designed to reduce the bradycardia effects associated with fingolimod and other S1P receptor modulators. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: The selectivity of the active metabolite amiselimod phosphate (amiselimod-P) for human S1P receptors and activation of the G-protein-coupled inwardly rectifying potassium (GIRK) channel in human atrial myocytes were assessed...
October 7, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
David Snipelisky, Jordan Ray, Gautam Matcha, Archana Roy, Brooke Clark, Adrian Dumitrascu, Veronica Bosworth, Anastasia Whitman, Patricia Lewis, Tyler Vadeboncoeur, Fred Kusumoto, M Caroline Burton
INTRODUCTION: Little data exists evaluating how different risk factors influence outcomes following in-hospital arrests. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients that suffered a cardiopulmonary arrest between 1 May 2008 and 30 June 2014 was performed. Patients were stratified into subsets based on cardiac versus non-cardiac reasons for admission. RESULTS: 199 patients met inclusion criteria, of which 138 (69.3%) had a non-cardiac reason for admission and 61 (30...
December 2015: Acute Cardiac Care
Sarah M Perman, Emily Stanton, Jasmeet Soar, Robert A Berg, Michael W Donnino, Mark E Mikkelsen, Dana P Edelson, Matthew M Churpek, Lin Yang, Raina M Merchant
BACKGROUND: In-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA) is a major public health problem with significant mortality. A better understanding of where IHCA occurs in hospitals (intensive care unit [ICU] versus monitored ward [telemetry] versus unmonitored ward) could inform strategies for reducing preventable deaths. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a retrospective study of adult IHCA events in the Get with the Guidelines-Resuscitation database from January 2003 to September 2010...
2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
Kenzo Ichimura, Tetsuya Matoba, Kaku Nakano, Masaki Tokutome, Katsuya Honda, Jun-Ichiro Koga, Kensuke Egashira
BACKGROUND: There is an unmet need to develop an innovative cardioprotective modality for acute myocardial infarction, for which interventional reperfusion therapy is hampered by ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. We recently reported that bioabsorbable poly(lactic acid/glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticle-mediated treatment with pitavastatin (pitavastatin-NP) exerts a cardioprotective effect in a rat IR injury model by activating the PI3K-Akt pathway and inhibiting inflammation. To obtain preclinical proof-of-concept evidence, in this study, we examined the effect of pitavastatin-NP on myocardial IR injury in conscious and anesthetized pig models...
2016: PloS One
Daniel J Conklin, Petra Haberzettl, Ganapathy Jagatheesan, Maiying Kong, Gary W Hoyle
Acrolein is a highly toxic, volatile, unsaturated aldehyde generated during incomplete combustion as in tobacco smoke and indoor fires. Because the transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) channel mediates tobacco smoke-induced lung injury, we assessed its role in high-level acrolein-induced toxicity in mice. Acrolein (100-275ppm, 10-30min) caused upper airway epithelial sloughing, bradypnea and oral gasping, hypothermia, cardiac depression and mortality. Male wild-type mice (WT, C57BL/6; 5-52weeks) were significantly more sensitive to high-level acrolein than age-matched, female WT mice...
August 31, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Wioletta Pijacka, Fiona D McBryde, Paul J Marvar, Gisele S Lincevicius, Ana Pl Abdala, Lavinia Woodward, Dan Li, David J Paterson, Julian Fr Paton
The peripheral chemoreflex is known to be hyper-responsive in both spontaneously hypertensive (SHR) and Goldblatt hypertensive (2 kidney 1 clip; 2K1C) rats. We have previously shown that carotid sinus nerve denervation (CSD) reduces arterial blood pressure (ABP) in SHR. Here, we show that CSD ameliorates 2K1C hypertension and reveal potential underlying mechanisms. Adult Wistar rats were instrumented to record ABP via telemetry, then underwent CSD (n = 9) or sham CSD (n = 9) five weeks after renal artery clipping, versus normal Wistar (n = 5)...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Physiology
Kyle Fricke, Filip Konecny, Alexander El-Warrak, Chad Hodgson, Heather Cadieux-Pitre, Tracy Hill, Robert Sobot
We present in-vivo study related to the use of our implantable RF telemetry system for pressure-volume (PV) cardiac monitoring in a animal subject. We implant a commercial MEMS PV sensor into the subject's heart left-ventricle (LV), while the telemetry system is implanted outside of the heart and connected to the sensor with a 7-microwires tether. The RF telemetry system is suitable for commercial application in medium sized subjects, its total volume of 2.475cm(3) and a weight of 4.0g. Our designed system is 58 % smaller in volume, 44 % in weight and has a 55 % reduction in sampling power over the last reported research in PV telemetry...
October 2016: Biomedical Microdevices
F Keshtkar, O T Dale, W O Bennett, C E Hall
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy has been associated with the use of catecholamines; however, its development after the use of nebulised adrenaline for the management of acute airway obstruction has not previously been described. CASE REPORT: A 66-year-old man with squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx, with tumour-node-metastasis staging of T3N2cM0, confirmed by biopsy and computed tomography, presented to the emergency department with acute airway obstruction...
September 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
Mayra Montalvo, Rushna Ali, Brian Silver, Muhib Khan
Cryptogenic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA) account for approximately one-third of stroke patients [1]. Paroxys-mal atrial fibrillation (PAF) has been suggested as a major etiology of these cryptogenic strokes [2, 3]. PAF can be difficult to diagnose because it is intermittent, often brief, and asymptomatic. PAF might be more prevalent than persistent atrial fibrillation in stroke and TIA patients, especially in younger populations [4, 5]. In patients with atrial fibrillation, anticoagulation provides significant risk reduction [6]...
2016: Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal
Scott B Silverman
In cryptogenic stroke, prolonged cardiac monitoring is often employed to search for and diagnose atrial fibrillation (AF). Multiple monitoring modalities with multiple durations of monitoring exist. Finding atrial fibrillation after an ischemic stroke is extremely important as anticoagulation is the standard of care and results in the lowest stroke recurrence rate. The protocol at our institution is to carry out 30-day mobile cardiac outpatient telemetry (MCOT) in all patients with cryptogenic stroke. If this MCOT fails to reveal AF, yet the suspicion is high based on the presence of clinical, biochemical, electrocardiographic, and echocardiographic factors, we may proceed to use an implantable cardiac monitor...
August 2016: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
Michele Massimo Gulizia, Giancarlo Casolo, Guerrino Zuin, Loredana Morichelli, Giovanni Calcagnini, Vincenzo Ventimiglia, Federica Censi, Pasquale Caldarola, Giancarmine Russo, Lorenzo Leogrande, Gian Franco Gensini
The ECG signal can be derived from different sources. These include systems for surface ECG, Holter monitoring, ergometric stress tests and systems for telemetry and bedside monitoring of vital parameters, useful to rhythm and ST-segment analysis and ECG screening of cardiac electrical sudden death predictors. A precise ECG diagnosis is based upon a correct recording, elaboration and presentation of the signal. Several sources of artifacts and potential external causes may influence the quality of the original ECG waveforms...
June 2016: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
Juan C Camacho, Courtney Coursey Moreno, Anand D Shah, Pardeep K Mittal, Andenet Mengistu, Michael S Lloyd, Mikhael F El-Chami, Stamatios Lerakis, Amit M Saindane
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and diagnostic utility of 1.5-T MRI examinations of individuals with conventional and MRI-conditional cardiac implantable electronic devices (CIEDs). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Patients with a CIED who were referred for MRI were evaluated by radiologists and cardiac electrophysiologists for study participation. CIED interrogation was performed immediately before and after MRI, and cardiac telemetry monitoring was performed during MRI...
September 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Maya L Chan, John A Spertus, Fengming Tang, Natalie Jayaram, Paul S Chan
BACKGROUND: Hospitals often employ Medical Emergency Teams (METs) to respond to patients with acute physiological decline so as to prevent deaths from in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA). We determined the frequency of missed opportunities for MET evaluation, defined as no MET evaluation prior to IHCA despite evidence of severe vital sign abnormalities ≥1 hour preceding cardiac arrest. METHODS: Within Get With The Guidelines-Resuscitation, we identified 21,913 patients from 274 hospitals with IHCA on general inpatient or telemetry floors who would be eligible for a MET evaluation prior to IHCA...
July 2016: American Heart Journal
Kristina H Vinther, Claus Tveskov, Sören Möller, Thomas Rosen, Soren Auscher, Armin Osmanagic, Kenneth Egstrup
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Runs of premature atrial complexes (PACs) are common in stroke patients and perceived to be clinically insignificant, but their prognostic significance is unclear. This study investigated the association between runs of PACs in ischemic stroke patients and the risk of recurrent ischemic strokes/transient ischemic attacks (TIAs) or death. METHODS: The study included consecutive patients admitted with an ischemic stroke from August 2008 to April 2011...
October 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Wei Zhang, Weiling Liu, Sophia T H Chew, Liang Shen, Lian Kah Ti
BACKGROUND: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and resource utilization. Current prediction models for postoperative AF are based primarily on Western populations. In this study, we sought to develop a clinical prediction rule for postcardiac surgery AF for a multiethnic Asian population. METHODS: Two thousand one hundred sixty-eight patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft or valve surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass were prospectively enrolled in this observational study between August 2008 and July 2012 at Singapore's 2 national heart centers...
August 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Landon A Jones, Ross W Sullivan
Commotio cordis is a rare event caused by an unfortunately timed blunt anterior chest wall impact that most commonly presents in young male adolescents and is the second leading cause of death in young athletes. The most common initial presenting dysrhythmias are ventricular fibrillation and asystole, although other rare dysrhythmias have been reported-predominantly in animal models. To our knowledge, this is the first telemetry-confirmed case of commotio cordis with a presenting cardiac rhythm of ventricular tachycardia...
June 1, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Jeffrey L Saver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
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