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Endometriosis laparoscopy

Nicole Yoder, Reshef Tal, J Ryan Martin
BACKGROUND: Ectopic pregnancy is the leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality during the first trimester and the incidence increases dramatically with assisted-reproductive technology (ART), occurring in approximately 1.5-2.1 % of patients undergoing in-vitro fertilization (IVF). Abdominal ectopic pregnancy is a rare yet clinically significant form of ectopic pregnancy due to potentially high maternal morbidity. While risk factors for ectopic pregnancy after IVF have been studied, very little is known about risk factors specific for abdominal ectopic pregnancy...
October 19, 2016: Reproductive Biology and Endocrinology: RB&E
Irene Moridi, Ramanaiah Mamillapalli, Emine Cosar, Gulcin Sahin Ersoy, Hugh S Taylor
Endometriosis is an inflammatory gynecological disorder caused by the growth of endometrial tissue outside the uterus. Endometriosis produces chemokines, including CXCL12, that attract bone marrow cells to the lesions. In this study, we describe the expression, localization, and chemotactic activity of CXCL12 in endometriotic lesions. Biopsies were collected both from women with endometriosis undergoing laparoscopy and control endometrium from women without endometriosis. Expression of CXCl12 and CXCR4 messenger RNA was increased approximately 4- and 6-fold, respectively, in endometriosis compared to eutopic endometrium...
October 11, 2016: Reproductive Sciences
Halima Rakhila, Mahera Al-Akoum, Charles Doillon, Nicolas Lacroix-Pépin, Mathieu Leboeuf, Madeleine Lemyre, Ali Akoum, Marc Pouliot
CONTEXT: Angiogenesis is required for ectopic endometrial tissue growth. Our previous studies showed that prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) biosynthetic enzymes and receptor were markedly elevated in endometriotic lesions and thatPGF2α is a potent angiogenic factor in endothelial cells. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine whether or not the F-prostanoid receptor modulates angiogenesis in ectopic stromal cells. DESIGN: Release of angiogenic factors by ectopic endometrial stromal cell primary cultures stimulated with PGF2αand exposed to agents that target PGF2α signaling was assessed...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Amanda Yang Shen, Aaron Stanes
BACKGROUND: Pain associated with appendiceal endometriosis can mimic other intra-abdominal pathology. The diagnosis is usually obvious during gross inspection of the appendix; however, the absence of classical macroscopic appearances may lead to missed cases in which the patient's pain is misdiagnosed and inappropriately managed. CASE: A 34-year-old woman presented with cyclical right iliac fossa pain and an elevated serum C-reactive protein of 13 mg/L (normal < 5 mg/L)...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
A M Barbosa, S R de Souza, A B Frare, R C Costa E Silva, I R da Costa, K S Freitas E Silva, C L Ribeiro Júnior, B M Bordin, K K V O Moura
Endometriosis is a disease that affects 10 to 15% of the women of reproductive age. It is characterized by the presence of endometrial-like tissues outside of the uterus. Some definitions claim that the functional ectopic tissue is sensitive to the action of hormones. Severity of endometriosis is defined according to a system proposed by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, which is based on laparoscopic findings. A large number of genetic polymorphisms has been reported for CYP1A1, the gene that is responsible for enzymes involved in stage I detoxification of xenobiotics; this gene is located at 15q22-24, and encodes an isoenzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons present in phenolic compounds and epoxides...
August 26, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Abolfazl Mehdizadehkashi, Kobra Tahermanesh, Abbas Fazel Anvari-Yazdi, Shahla Chaichian, Negar Azarpira, Malihe Nobakht, Seyedeh Mehr Abed, Neda Hashemi
STUDY OBJECTIVE: In general, in the context of chronic pelvic pain (CPP) and endometriosis, there is no established relationship between the severity of pain and stage of endometriosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the pelvic peritoneum under chromoendoscopy by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) as well as light microscopy with H&E staining and immunohistochemical assay in patients of CPP associated with subtle endometriosis. DESIGN: Case series study. DESIGN: classification: Canadian Task Force classification II...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
M Pilkinton, L Cohen, A Hardart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
S Reid, B Gerges, C Lu, I Casikar, G Condous
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
S Ferrero, V Vellone, E Biscaldi, V Ghirardi, N Bizzarri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
F Sendag, A Akdemir, D Simsek, M K Oztekin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
B Shakeri, B Nadim, S Reid, M Mongelli, G Condous
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Nigel Pereira, Isaac Kligman
Several variations in fallopian tube anatomy may be noted during the evaluation of infertility. Some anatomical variants such as accessory tubal ostia are rare. A 31-year-old woman presented to our center with a 2-year history of primary infertility. Given her history of dysmenorrhea, a diagnostic laparoscopy was performed. Laparoscopy revealed a left utero-sacral endometriosis implant, which was resected. Although the left fallopian tube was normal, the right fallopian tube was noted to have two prongs with individual ostia...
July 2016: Women's Health
Rafael Mamprin Stopiglia, Ubirajara Ferreira, Daniel Gustavo Faundes, Carlos Alberto Petta
INTRODUCTION: Endometriosis is a disease with causes still unclear, affecting approximately 15% of women of reproductive age, and in 1%-2% of whom it may involve the urinary tract. The bladder is the organ most frequently affected by endometriosis, observed around 85% of the cases. In such cases, the most effective treatment is partial cystectomy, especially via videolaparoscopy. Study Objective, Design, Size and Duration: In order to identify and delimit the extent of the intravesical endometriosis lesion, to determine the resection limits, as well as to perform an optimal reconstruction of the organ aiming for its maximum preservation, we performed a cystoscopy simultaneously with the surgery, employing a modified light-tolight technique in 25 consecutive patients, from September 2006 to May 2012...
September 1, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Antonio Simone Laganà, Salvatore Giovanni Vitale, Maria Antonietta Trovato, Vittorio Italo Palmara, Agnese Maria Chiara Rapisarda, Roberta Granese, Emanuele Sturlese, Rosanna De Dominici, Stefano Alecci, Francesco Padula, Benito Chiofalo, Roberta Grasso, Pietro Cignini, Paolo D'Amico, Onofrio Triolo
Endometriosis is defined as the presence of endometrial mucosa (glands and stroma) abnormally implanted in locations other than the uterine cavity. Deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE) is considered the most aggressive presentation of the disease, penetrating more than 5 mm in affected tissues, and it is reported in approximately 20% of all women with endometriosis. DIE can cause a complete distortion of the pelvic anatomy and it mainly involves uterosacral ligaments, bladder, rectovaginal septum, rectum, and rectosigmoid colon...
2016: BioMed Research International
Stefano Cosma, Matteo Salgarello, Marcello Ceccaroni, Giancarlo Gorgoni, Francesca Riboni, Ernesto La Paglia, Saverio Danese, Chiara Benedetto
AIM: Preoperative workup of deep infiltrating endometriosis is limited in the evaluation of extragenital and extrapelvic disease and in distinguishing between the previous surgical scar and active lesion. Histological verification remains the gold standard for diagnosis. The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT) with an experimental estrogen receptor tracer (16α-[18F]fluoro-17β-estradiol; [18F]FES) for accurate staging and non-invasive diagnosis of the disease...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
L Li, J H Leng, J J Zhang, S Z Jia, X Y Li, J H Shi, Z Z Liu, S S You, X Y Chang, Y H Lang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the impact of placement in the procedures of gynecological laparoscopies or routine placement on the effects of levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) for symptomatic adenomyosis in a prospective cohort study. METHODS: From December, 2006 to December, 2014, patients with adenomyosis diagnosed by transvaginal ultrasound in outpatient or inpatient clinics of Peking Union Medical College Hospital received the treatment of LNG-IUS...
August 9, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Erica C Dun, Serena Wong, Nisha A Lakhi, Ceana H Nehzat
OBJECTIVE: To report the medical and surgical management of a rare case of recurrent moss-like endometriosis and associated hemorrhagic ascites. DESIGN: Video description of the case, demonstration of the surgical technique, discussion of the histology, and review of endometriosis-associated ascites. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENT(S): A 26-year-old nulliparous woman of Nigerian heritage with recurrent hemorrhagic ascites due to endometriosis...
August 16, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Giuseppe Piccinni, Giuseppe Massimiliano De Luca, Stefano Lafranceschina, Antonio Biondi, Andrea Marzullo, Angela Gurrado, Mario Testini
Endometriosis occurs in 5%-10% of fertile women, usually in the pelvic region, such as the ovaries, uterine ligaments, pelvic peritoneum, and rectovaginal septum. A mesenteric endometriotic cyst is an exceptional observation and difficult to diagnose preoperatively. We report a case of a large mesenteric endometriotic cyst treated by laparoscopy. A 21-year-old Caucasian woman was admitted as an emergency to our Academic Hospital on the 30th day postpartum for abdominal pain and a palpable epigastric mass. A CT scan revealed a mass measuring 7...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Uche A Menakaya, Luk Rombauts, Neil P Johnson
It has become necessary to re - examine the relevance of diagnostic laparoscopy in the two-stage approach to surgical management of symptomatic women with higher stage endometriosis following emerging evidence demonstrating acceptable diagnostic performance of alternative less invasive and less expensive imaging modalities. We highlight the relative merits of these presurgical diagnostic imaging modalities and propose strategies that address the challenge of transitioning to a new diagnostic paradigm in the management of symptomatic women with higher stage endometriosis...
October 2016: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
J Racková, D Driák, H Neumannová, K Hurt, B Sehnal, M Halaška
OBJECTIVE: There are only a few gynaecological departments in the Czech Republic that use medical treatment of the ectopic pregnancy (EP) or persistent pregnancy of unknown location (PUL). We have started using this method in 2008 at our clinic. The aim of this study was to assess the success rate of conservative medical treatment with methotrexate (MTX) in the dose of 1 mg/kg intramuscularly in patients with ectopic pregnancy or persistent pregnancy of unknown location and to compare the results of clinical history, clinical finding and laboratory results in a group of successful and a group of unsuccessful treatment...
April 2016: Ceská Gynekologie
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