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CA 125

Raluca Eftimie, Esraa Hassanein
BACKGROUND: Early cancer diagnosis is one of the most important challenges of cancer research, since in many cancers it can lead to cure for patients with early stage diseases. For epithelial ovarian cancer (which is the leading cause of death among gynaecologic malignancies) the classical detection approach is based on measurements of CA-125 biomarker. However, the poor sensitivity and specificity of this biomarker impacts the detection of early-stage cancers. METHODS: Here we use a computational approach to investigate the effect of combining multiple biomarkers for ovarian cancer (e...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
Thais Fontes de Magalhães, Kathiane Lustosa Augusto, Livia Ponte Mota, Arthur Ribeiro da Costa, Rainardo Antonio Puster, Leonardo Robson Pinheiro Sobreira Bezerra
Endometriosis can have several different presentations, including overt ascites and peritonitis; increased awareness can improve diagnostic accuracy and patient outcomes. We aim to provide a systematic review and report a case of endometriosis with this unusual clinical presentation. The PubMed/MEDLINE database was systematically reviewed until October 2016. Women with histologically-proven endometriosis presenting with clinically significant ascites and/or frozen abdomen and/or encapsulating peritonitis were included; those with potentially confounding conditions were excluded...
March 19, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Panya Sananpanichkul, Supanee Muangtan, Wineeya Suknikhom, Kornkarn Bhamarapravatana, Komsun Suwannarurk
Background: Endometriosis has a significant effect on many aspects of women’s lives, also increasing the risk of ovarian cancer. Although endometriosis is considered as a benign condition, it sometimes behaves like cancer. Methods: All medical records of epithelial ovarian cancer patients during January 2011 to December 2016 were reviewed. Recurrent cases were excluded. Data collected included age at diagnosis, parity, marital status, familial history of cancer, menopausal status, weight, height, smoking histroy, contraception, CA 125 level, result of surgery and pathological report...
February 26, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
Darian Volarić, Veljko Flego, Gordana Žauhar, Ljiljana Bulat-Kardum
Introduction: We investigated whether tumour markers carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), neuron-specific enolase (NSE), cancer antigen 125 (CA-125), and cytokeratin 19 fragment (CYFRA 21-1) in pleural effusions and serum can be used to distinguish pleural effusion aetiology. Materials and methods: During the first thoracentesis, we measured pleural fluid and serum tumour marker concentrations and calculated the pleural fluid/serum ratio for patients diagnosed with pleural effusion, using electrochemiluminescence immunoassays...
February 15, 2018: Biochemia Medica: časopis Hrvatskoga Društva Medicinskih Biokemičara
Ben Davidson, Arild Holth, Zhihui Wang, Ellen Hellsylt, Claes G Tropé, Thea E Hetland Falkenthal, Ruth Holm
The objective of this study was to analyze the expression and clinical role of 14-3-3 family proteins in high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC). Protein expression of 14-3-3 sigma (14-3-3σ) and 14-3-3 eta (14-3-3η) by immunohistochemistry was studied in 298 HGSC specimens (249 peritoneal, 49 pleural) and was analyzed for association with clinicopathologic parameters, chemoresponse and survival. The 14-3-3σ protein was diffusely (>75% of cells) expressed in 100% of carcinomas in analysis of a pilot series and was therefore not further analyzed...
February 21, 2018: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
Ching-Jung Lin, Teh-Fu Hsu, Yen-Hou Chang, Ben-Shian Huang, Ling-Yu Jiang, Peng-Hui Wang, Yi-Jen Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether a maintenance levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system is effective for preventing the recurrence of postoperative adenomyosis-related symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2005 through December 2014, a retrospective study including 133 patients with symptomatic adenomyosis undergoing conservative uterine-sparing surgery followed by gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist treatment was conducted. We excluded the 18 patients who did not meet the inclusion criteria...
February 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Agnieszka Ścibior, Dorota Gołębiowska, Agnieszka Adamczyk, Joanna Kurus, Magdalena Staniszewska, Ilona Sadok
The impact of vanadium (V) and magnesium (Mg) applied as sodium metavanadate (SMV, 0.125 mg V/ml) and magnesium sulfate (MS, 0.06 mg Mg/ml) on oxidative stress markers in bone of male Wistar rats was investigated. Some of them were also measured in the liver, e.g. l-ascorbic acid (hepatic L-AA). Additionally, relationships between selected indices determined in bone were examined. SMV alone (Group II) did not significantly alter the level of TBARS and the activity of SOD, compared with the control (Group I), but it slightly reduced the GR activity (by 13%) and the L-AA level (by 15...
February 14, 2018: Chemico-biological Interactions
Jillian T Henderson, Elizabeth M Webber, George F Sawaya
Importance: Ovarian cancer is relatively rare but the fifth-leading cause of cancer mortality among United States women. Objective: To systematically review evidence on benefits and harms of ovarian cancer screening among average-risk women to inform the United States Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Collaboration Registry of Controlled Trials; studies published in English from January 1, 2003, through January 31, 2017; ongoing surveillance in targeted publications through November 22, 2017...
February 13, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Zi-Hao Qi, Hua-Xiang Xu, Shi-Rong Zhang, Jin-Zhi Xu, Shuo Li, He-Li Gao, Wei Jin, Wen-Quan Wang, Chun-Tao Wu, Quan-Xing Ni, Xian-Jun Yu, Liang Liu
Pancreatic cancer is a lethal disease with a high metastatic potential. In our previous study, we identified a specific subgroup of patients with pancreatic cancer with a serum signature of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)+/cancer antigen (CA)125+/CA19-9 ≥1,000 U/ml. In this study, by using high-throughput screening analysis, we found that receptor-interacting protein kinases 4 (RIPK4) may be a key molecule involved in the high metastatic potential of this subgroup of patients with pancreatic cancer. A high RIPK4 expression predicted a poor prognosis and promoted pancreatic cancer cell migration and invasion via the RAF1/MEK/ERK pathway...
February 7, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Reina Yamaji, Julia Rubin, Erika Thys, Cindy R Friedman, Lee W Riley
BACKGROUND: Incidence of drug-resistant community-acquired urinary tract infections (CA-UTI) continues to increase worldwide. In 1999-2000, a single lineage of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) ST69 caused 51% of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-resistant UTI in a Northern California university community. We compared the clonal distribution of UPEC and its impact on antimicrobial resistance prevalence in the same community during two periods separated by 17 years. METHODS: We analyzed E...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Torsten M Scheyer, Massimo Delfino, Nicole Klein, Nancy Bunbury, Frauke Fleischer-Dogley, Dennis M Hansen
Today, the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Aldabra Atoll is home to about 100 000 giant tortoises, Aldabrachelys gigantea, whose fossil record goes back to the Late Pleistocene. New Late Pleistocene fossils (age ca. 90-125 000 years) from the atoll revealed some appendicular bones and numerous shell fragments of giant tortoises and cranial and postcranial elements of crocodylians. Several tortoise bones show circular holes, pits and scratch marks that are interpreted as bite marks of crocodylians. The presence of a Late Pleistocene crocodylian species, Aldabrachampsus dilophus, has been known for some time, but the recently found crocodylian remains presented herein are distinctly larger than those previously described...
January 2018: Royal Society Open Science
S Banerjee, A M Oza, M J Birrer, E P Hamilton, J Hasan, A Leary, K N Moore, B Mackowiak-Matejczyk, J Pikiel, I Ray-Coquard, P Trask, K Lin, E Schuth, A Vaze, Y Choi, J C Marsters, D J Maslyar, V Lemahieu, Y Wang, E W Humke, J F Liu
Background: Lifastuzumab vedotin (LIFA) is a humanized anti-NaPi2b monoclonal antibody conjugated to a potent anti-mitotic agent, monomethyl auristatin E (MMAE), which inhibits cell division by blocking the polymerization of tubulin. This study is the first to compare an antibody-drug-conjugate (ADC) to standard-of-care in ovarian cancer (OC) patients. Patients and Methods: Platinum-resistant OC patients were randomized to receive LIFA (2.4 mg/kg, intravenously, every 3 weeks [Q3W]), or pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) (40 mg/m2, intravenously, Q4W)...
February 1, 2018: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
Young Jae Lee, Yong Man Kim, Phill Seung Jung, Jong Jin Lee, Jeong Kon Kim, Young Tak Kim, Joo Hyun Nam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of integrated ¹⁸F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (¹⁸F-FDG-PET/CT) for suspected recurrence of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) with non-disseminated lesions. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of recurrent EOC patients who underwent secondary cytoreduction from January 2000 to December 2013. A total of 134 patients underwent secondary cytoreduction after imaging with either ¹⁸F-FDG-PET/CT or contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
E Sun Paik, Tae Joong Kim, Chel Hun Choi, Byoung Gie Kim, Duk Soo Bae, Jeong Won Lee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this investigation is to compare outcomes of patients according to the presence of cancer arising from endometriosis in ovarian clear cell carcinoma (CCC) and endometrioid carcinoma (EC). METHODS: This study retrospectively investigated 224 CCC and EC patients treated in Samsung Medical Center from 2001 to 2015 to identify cancer arising from endometriosis according to Sampson and Scott criteria. Propensity score matching was performed to compare patients arising from endometriosis to patients without endometriosis (ratio 1:1) according to stage, age, lymph node metastasis (LNM), cancer antigen (CA)-125 level, and residual status after debulking surgery...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Gynecologic Oncology
Guangshu Liang, Xuqian Fang, Xiaoyi Lin, Xiaojing Feng, Huangying Lu, Yinglei Wan, Zhidong Gu
PURPOSE: Cancer antigen 153 (CA 15-3) is one of the most commonly used biomarkers of breast cancer. However, elevated CA 15-3 is reported in pregnant and lactating women more frequently on Beckman DxI 800 immunoassay system (Ma695-Ma552 antibody pair) than on Abbott ARCHITECT system (115D8-DF3 antibody pair) in laboratory methodological evaluation. We conducted this study in order to figure out the reason behind this phenomenon. METHODS: Serum CA 15-3 concentration was analyzed in 426 subjects, including 180 patients with breast cancer, 121 patients with benign breast disease, and 125 healthy volunteers (45 pregnant and 80 non-pregnant women)...
February 2, 2018: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
Andreas Kiriakopoulos, Athanasios Petralias, Dimitrios Linos
BACKGROUND: Normocalcemic (NCpHPT) and normohormonal (NHpHPT) variants have been recognized primary hyperparathyroidism entities that pose serious challenges. We sought to define the differences among them in a series of surgically treated patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2011 and 2015, 149 patients were enrolled into three groups: CpHPT (Ca > 10.2 mg/dL, PTH > 65 pg/mL), NCpHPT (normal Ca, PTH > 65 pg/mL) and NHpHPT (Ca > 10.2 mg/dL, normal PTH)...
February 1, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
Sayaka Fujiwara, Hideaki Tsuyoshi, Toshiya Nishimura, Nozomu Takahashi, Yoshio Yoshida
BACKGROUND: Struma ovarii is a rare ovarian neoplasm that often appears malignant on conventional imaging. Pseudo-Meigs' syndrome with ascites, pleural effusion, and elevated serum CA 125 levels is much rarer and leads to misdiagnosis of ovarian cancer and unnecessary extended surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: A 50-year-old woman with abdominal distention and dyspnoea was referred to our hospital. Ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a polycystic ovarian tumor with a solid component, pleural effusion, and massive ascites with negative cytology...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Ovarian Research
Manni Wang, Shaoxiong Jiang, Yiwen Zhang, Chong Jiang, Fan Xia, Weiliang Lyu, Xuelei Ma
RATIONALE: Fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) could reveal potential lymph node involvement and assisted locating sample sites for pathological examinations. PATIENT CONCERNS: Help choose the right treatment strategies for patients. To better stage immature ovarian teratomas with 18F-FDG PET/CT when lymphatic metastasis is suspected while lymph node biopsy results are negative. DIAGNOSES: The ultimate pathological diagnosis was left ovarian cancer, an immature teratoma (IMT) Grade 1...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Angel Cheung, Mengqi Gong, Roberto Bellanti, Sadeq Ali-Hasan-Al-Saegh, Guangping Li, Eulàlia Roig, Julio Núñez, Thomas D Stamos, Mehmet Birhan Yilmaz, Kaya Hakki, William K K Wu, Sunny Hei Wong, Wing Tak Wong, George Bazoukis, Konstantinos Lampropoulos, Lah Ah Tse, Jichao Zhao, Gregory Y H Lip, Adrian Baranchuk, Martin C S Wong, Tong Liu, Gary Tse
Background: Cancer antigen-125 (Ca-125) is traditionally recognised as a tumour marker and its role in cardiovascular diseases has been studied only in recent years. Whether Ca-125 is elevated in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and its levels predict the risk of AF remains controversial. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the association between Ca-125 levels and AF. Methods: PubMed and EMBASE databases were searched until 1 June 2017 for studies that evaluated the association between Ca-125 and AF...
2018: Heart Asia
Roberto Berretta, Vito Andrea Capozzi, Giulio Sozzi, Lavinia Volpi, Valentina Ceni, Mauro Melpignano, Giovanna Giordano, Federico Marchesi, Michela Monica, Maurizio Di Serio, Matteo Riccò, Marcello Ceccaroni
PURPOSE: The aim of this retrospective study is to analyze the prognostic role and the practical implication of mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) involvements in advanced ovarian cancer (AOC). METHODS: A total of 429 patients with AOC underwent surgery between December 2007 and May 2017. We included in the study 83 patients who had primary (PDS) or interval debulking surgery (IDS) for AOC with bowel resection. Numbers, characteristics and surgical implication of MLN involvement were considered...
January 27, 2018: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
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