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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732071/the-ideas-about-advanced-life-support-and-affecting-factors-at-the-end-stage-of-life-in-a-hospital-in-turkey
#1
Turgay Albayrak, İrfan Şencan, Ömer Akça, Esra Meltem Koç, Hilal Aksoy, Selim Ünsal, İskender Bülbül, Adem Bahadır, İsmail Kasım, Rabia Kahveci, Adem Özkara
BACKGROUND: The participation of the people in health decisions may be structured in various levels. One of these is participation in decisions for the treatment. "Advanced directives" is one of the examples for the participation in decisions for the treatment. AIM: We wanted to determine the decisions on advanced life support at the end-stage of life in case of a life-threatening illness for the people themselves and their first degree relatives and the factors effecting these decisions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730867/external-load-training-does-not-alter-balance-performance-in-well-trained-women
#2
Jeffrey D Simpson, Brandon L Miller, Eric K O'Neal, Harish Chander, Adam C Knight
This study investigated the influence of external load training (ELT) on static and dynamic balance. Nineteen females stratified into two groups (ELT = 9, control = 10) completed three testing sessions over 6 weeks. The ELT group wore weighted vests (WV) of ~8% body mass for 32 h/week during daily living and three training sessions/week for 3 weeks. Following completion of ELT, a 3 week detraining (DET) phase was completed. Bilateral and unilateral static balance were assessed with eyes open and closed...
July 21, 2017: Sports Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728960/effect-of-high-intensity-home-based-respiratory-muscle-training-on-strength-of-respiratory-muscles-following-a-stroke-a-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Kênia Kiefer Parreiras De Menezes, Lucas Rodrigues Nascimento, Janaine Cunha Polese, Louise Ada, Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela
BACKGROUND: Respiratory muscle training has shown to increase strength of the respiratory muscles following a stroke. However, low duration and/or intensity of training may be responsible for the small effect size seen and/or absence of carry-over effects to an activity, e.g., walking. Therefore, an investigation of the effects of long-duration, high-intensity respiratory muscle training is warranted. OBJECTIVE: This proposed protocol for a randomized clinical trial will examine the efficacy of high-intensity respiratory muscle training to increase strength and improve activity following a stroke...
July 3, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725437/towards-evidence-based-strength-training-a-comparison-of-muscle-forces-during-deadlifts-goodmornings-and-split-squats
#4
Florian Schellenberg, William R Taylor, Silvio Lorenzetti
BACKGROUND: To ensure an efficient and targeted adaptation with low injury risk during strength exercises, knowledge of the participant specific internal loading conditions is essential. The goal of this study was to calculate the lower limb muscles forces during the strength exercises deadlifts, goodmornings and splits squats by means of musculoskeletal simulation. METHODS: 11 participants were assessed performing 10 different variations of split squats by varying the step length as well as the maximal frontal tibia angle, and 13 participants were measured performing deadlift and goodmorning exercises...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725197/skeletal-muscle-remodeling-in-response-to-eccentric-vs-concentric-loading-morphological-molecular-and-metabolic-adaptations
#5
REVIEW
Martino V Franchi, Neil D Reeves, Marco V Narici
Skeletal muscle contracts either by shortening or lengthening (concentrically or eccentrically, respectively); however, the two contractions substantially differ from one another in terms of mechanisms of force generation, maximum force production and energy cost. It is generally known that eccentric actions generate greater force than isometric and concentric contractions and at a lower metabolic cost. Hence, by virtue of the greater mechanical loading involved in active lengthening, eccentric resistance training (ECC RT) is assumed to produce greater hypertrophy than concentric resistance training (CON RT)...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723812/effects-of-12-weeks-resistance-training-on-sprint-and-jump-performance-in-competitive-adolescent-rugby-union-players
#6
Simon K Harries, David R Lubans, Anthony Buxton, Thomas H J MacDougall, Robin Callister
Sprint performance is an important characteristic for success in many sports, including rugby union. Resistance training is used to increase muscular fitness (i.e. strength, endurance and power) and may also be effective for improving sprint and jump performances. The aims of this study were to examine the effects of resistance training using two different periodized programs (linear and daily undulating) on sprint and jump performance and explore relationships between performance measures. Sixteen male (16...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722606/assessment-of-the-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-child-potties-for-safe-child-feces-disposal-in-rural-bangladesh
#7
Faruqe Hussain, Stephen P Luby, Leanne Unicomb, Elli Leontsini, Tania Naushin, Audrey J Buckland, Peter J Winch
Indiscriminate defecation among young children and the unsafe disposal of their feces increases fecal contamination in the household environment and the risk of diarrheal disease transmission. Improved sanitary technology for children too young to use a latrine may facilitate safe feces disposal and reduce fecal contamination in the household environment. We assessed the acceptability and feasibility of child potties in rural Bangladesh in 2010. Our team introduced child potties into 26 households for 30 days, and conducted semistructured interviews, group discussions, and observations to assess the acceptability and feasibility of their use for parents and children...
June 19, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717628/does-combined-strength-training-and-local-vibration-improve-isometric-maximum-force-a-pilot-study
#8
Ruben Goebel, Monoem Haddad, Heinz Kleinöder, Zengyuan Yue, Thomas Heinen, Joachim Mester
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to determine whether a combination of strength training (ST) and local vibration (LV) improved the isometric maximum force of arm flexor muscles. ST was applied to the left arm of the subjects; LV was applied to the right arm of the same subjects. The main aim was to examine the effect of LV during a dumbbell biceps curl (Scott Curl) on isometric maximum force of the opposite muscle among the same subjects. It is hypothesized, that the intervention with LV produces a greater gain in isometric force of the arm flexors than ST...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717626/muscle-fatigue-in-participants-of-indoor-cycling
#9
Ricardo de Melo Dos Santos, Flavio Costa E Costa, Thais Sepeda Saraiva, Bianca Callegari
BACKGROUND: Indoor Cycling (IC) has been gaining recognition and popularity within recent years and few studies have investigated its benefits for sedentary participants. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate differences in the surface electromyography (sEMG) variables, heart rate (HR), and subjective effort in sedentary participants while they performed an IC session and to compare their results with the trained subjects, to answer the question: Are trained cyclists less susceptible to muscle fatigue, since it is expected that they make less effort? DESIGN: Twenty-six volunteers were split into two groups according to their fitness status and weekly training load...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717612/intratendinous-tears-of-the-achilles-tendon-a-new-pathology-analysis-of-a-large-4-year-cohort
#10
Otto Chan, Sarah Morton, Mel Pritchard, Tina Parkes, Peter Malliaras, Tom Crisp, Nat Padhiar, Nicola Maffulli, John King, Dylan Morrissey
BACKGROUND: Achillodynia is common and includes Achilles tendinopathy, partial Achilles tears and Achilles tendon ruptures. However, we believe an additional pathology should be considered for Achillodynia differentials - the intratendinous tear (ITT). METHODS: Examinations of 740 achillodynic patients in one specialist centre were reviewed. ITTs were defined as a clearly visualised echopoor area situated centrally and extending to, but not through the tendon periphery, with pain on palpation and no clinical findings consistent with Achilles rupture...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717150/a-comparison-of-traditional-and-novel-metrics-to-quantify-resistance-training
#11
Kieran J Marston, Jeremiah J Peiffer, Michael J Newton, Brendan R Scott
Common estimates of external training intensity for resistance exercise do not incorporate inter-set recovery duration, and might not reflect the overall demands of training. This study aimed to assess novel metrics of exercise density (ED) during resistance exercise, and how these related to a physiological marker of internal training intensity as well as traditional measures of external training intensity and volume. Thirteen males and seven females performed two bouts of resistance exercise focused on developing strength (5 sets of 5 repetitions with 5-repetition maximum; 180 s recovery) and hypertrophy (3 sets of 10 repetitions with 10-repetition maximum; 60 s recovery)...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716549/emotional-labour-and-aboriginal-maternal-infant-care-workers-the-invisible-load
#12
R Kirkham, A Rumbold, E Hoon, D Stuart-Butler, V Moore
BACKGROUND: The term 'emotional labour' has been used to describe the competing demands on midwives to empathize with clients whilst maintaining a level of professional detachment. Previous research indicates that when individuals experience difficulty managing these emotions, burnout may result. Aboriginal health care workers often have roles with large emotional demands, as they are relied upon heavily to engage clients in care. However, the concept of emotional labour has received little attention in relation to this group...
July 14, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716522/exercise-individualized-by-trimpi-method-reduces-arterial-stiffness-in-early-onset-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial-with-aerobic-interval-training
#13
Alfonso Bellia, Ferdinando Iellamo, Elisa De Carli, Aikaterini Andreadi, Elvira Padua, Mauro Lombardo, Giuseppe Annino, Francesca Campoli, Sara Tartaglione, Stefano D'Ottavio, David Della-Morte, Davide Lauro
BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffness (AS) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) are subclinical markers of vascular diseases in type 2 diabetes (T2D). We evaluated the effects of aerobic interval training (AIT), with loads prescribed according to individual heart rate and lactate profiling obtained during a baseline treadmill test (TRIMPi method), on AS and BRS in patients with early-onset T2D without cardiovascular complications. POPULATION STUDY AND METHODS: Twenty-two sedentary overweight T2D patients (aged 57±7years) were randomized to 12-weeks open-label of supervised AIT by TRIMPi (n=8) or unsupervised physical activity as per usual care (SOC) (n=11)...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714739/relationships-between-model-predicted-and-actual-match-performance-in-professional-australian-footballers-during-an-in-season-training-macrocycle
#14
Stuart R Graham, Stuart Cormack, Gaynor Parfitt, Roger Eston
PURPOSE: To assess and compare the validity of internal and external Australian Football (AF) training load measures for predicting match exercise intensity (MEI.min(-1)) and player rank score (PR(Score)) using a variable dose-response model. METHODS: 25 professional AF players (23 ± 3 y, 188.3 ± 7.2 cm and 87.7 ± 8.4 kg) completed a 24-week in-season macrocycle. In-season internal training and match load was quantified using session-RPE (sRPE) and external load from satellite and accelerometer data...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713534/low-load-high-velocity-resistance-exercises-improve-strength-and-functional-capacity-in-diabetic-patients
#15
Rodrigo Celes, Martim Bottaro, Eduardo Cadore, Jane Dullius, Fabiano Schwartz, Filipe Luzine
This study investigated the effects of low-load high-velocity resistance exercises on neuromuscular and functional outcomes in patients with Type 2 diabetes (T2D) during the early-phase of resistance training. Thirty participants with T2D performed 18 training sessions (6 weeks - 3x week) in one of two groups: low-load high-velocity exercises (LLHV, n=15, 62.1±10.5 years) or recreational activities (RA, n=15 56.7 ± 19.4 years). LLHV performed resistance exercises with 3x 8reps as fast as possible with 50-60% 1RM...
June 24, 2017: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713464/a-rapidly-incremented-tethered-swimming-test-for-defining-domain-specific-training-zones
#16
Dalton M Pessôa Filho, Leandro O C Siqueira, Astor R Simionato, Mário A C Espada, Daniel S Pestana, Fred J DiMenna
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether a tethered-swimming incremental test comprising small increases in resistive force applied every 60 seconds could delineate the isocapnic region during rapidly-incremented exercise. Sixteen competitive swimmers (male, n = 11; female, n = 5) performed: (a) a test to determine highest force during 30 seconds of all-out tethered swimming (Favg) and the ΔF, which represented the difference between Favg and the force required to maintain body alignment (Fbase), and (b) an incremental test beginning with 60 seconds of tethered swimming against a load that exceeded Fbase by 30% of ΔF followed by increments of 5% of ΔF every 60 seconds...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713459/the-effects-of-bench-press-variations-in-competitive-athletes-on-muscle-activity-and-performance
#17
Atle Hole Saeterbakken, Dag-André Mo, Suzanne Scott, Vidar Andersen
The aim of the study was to compare the EMG activity performing 6RM competition style bench press (flat bench-wide grip) with 1) medium and narrow grip widths on a flat bench and 1) inclined and declined bench positions with a wide grip. Twelve bench press athletes competing at national and international level participated in the study. EMG activity was measured in the pectoralis major, anterior and posterior deltoid, biceps brachii, triceps brachii and latissimus dorsi. Non-significant differences in activation were observed between the three bench positions with the exception of 58...
June 2017: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713262/effects-of-strength-training-and-anabolic-steroid-in-the-peripheral-nerve-and-skeletal-muscle-morphology-of-aged-rats
#18
Walter Krause Neto, Wellington de A Silva, Adriano P Ciena, Ricardo Aparecido Baptista Nucci, Carlos A Anaruma, Eliane F Gama
Thirty male 20-month-old Wistar rats were divided into groups: IC-initial control (n = 6), FC-final control (n = 6), AC-anabolic hormone control (n = 6), ST-strength trained (n = 6) and STA-strength trained with anabolic hormone (n = 6). All groups were submitted to adaptation, familiarization and maximum load carrying test (MLCT). Strength training (6-8×/session with loads of 50%-100% MLCT, 3×/week and pause of 120 s) was performed in ladder climbing (LC) for 15 weeks. The administration of testosterone propionate (TP) was performed 2×/week (10 mg/kg) in animals in the AC and STA groups...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713237/behavioral-and-neural-correlates-of-executive-function-interplay-between-inhibition-and-updating-processes
#19
Na Young Kim, Ellen Wittenberg, Chang S Nam
This study investigated the interaction between two executive function processes, inhibition and updating, through analyses of behavioral, neurophysiological, and effective connectivity metrics. Although, many studies have focused on behavioral effects of executive function processes individually, few studies have examined the dynamic causal interactions between these two functions. A total of twenty participants from a local university performed a dual task combing flanker and n-back experimental paradigms, and completed the Operation Span Task designed to measure working memory capacity...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711646/rural-rotations-at-core-rarefied-exposure-or-real-experience
#20
Christopher Brown, Tarig Abdelrahman, Neil Patel, Awen Iorwerth, John Pollitt, Mark Holt, Wyn G Lewis
OBJECTIVE: Surgical rotations involving rural General Hospitals (rGH) are frequently associated with recruitment challenges, partly because of adverse perceptions regarding distances from social support networks and training opportunities. The aim of this study was to determine the outcomes of core surgical training rotations involving rGHs when compared with urban hospitals in a single UK Deanery. DESIGN: Online Intercollegiate Surgical Curriculum Programme portfolios from 163 core surgical trainees (CST) were examined related to postlocation, operative experience, workplace-based assessments, and academic achievement...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
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