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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889818/somatosensory-reflex-seizures-in-a-child-with-epilepsy-related-to-novel-scn1a-mutation
#1
Pinar Arican, Nihal Olgac Dundar, Dilek Cavusoglu, Taha Resid Ozdemır, Pinar Gencpinar
INTRODUCTION: Mutations in SCN1A have been reported in patients with different types of epilepsy, including generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus, severe myoclonic epilepsy in infancy, malignant migrating partial seizures in infancy, and other infantile epileptic encephalopathies. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 10-month-old girl presented with reflex epileptic seizures provoked by somatosensory stimuli with a novel de novo mutation of SCN1A gene. She was observed to have seizures with eye deviation, unresponsiveness provoked by somatosensory stimuli of the face...
November 26, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888835/the-association-between-benzodiazepine-use-and-sleep-quality-in-residential-aged-care-facilities-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Lynna Chen, J Simon Bell, Renuka Visvanathan, Sarah N Hilmer, Tina Emery, Leonie Robson, Jessica M Hughes, Edwin C K Tan
BACKGROUND: Benzodiazepines are commonly prescribed in residential aged care facilities (RACFs) for their sedative and anxiolytic effects. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between benzodiazepine use and sleep quality in residents of RACFs. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 383 participants was conducted in six Australian RACFs. Night-time sleep quality, day-time drowsiness and day-time napping behavior were assessed using a validated questionnaire...
November 26, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883169/association-between-continuous-wearable-activity-monitoring-and-self-reported-functioning-in-assisted-living-facility-and-nursing-home-residents
#3
J Merilahti, I Korhonen
BACKGROUND: Physical functioning is a key factor in independent living, and its preclinical state assessment and monitoring during the subject's normal life would be beneficial. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to analyse associations between ambulatory measured physical activity behaviour and sleep patterns (wrist actigraphy) and self-reported difficulties in performing activities of daily living. Participants, setting and design: 36 residents in assisted living facilities and nursing homes (average age=80...
2016: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879159/poor-interexaminer-agreement-on-friedman-tongue-position
#4
Joar Sundman, Johan Bring, Danielle Friberg
CONCLUSION: The Friedman tongue position demonstrated only a slight inter-examiner agreement among 15 medical doctors, indicating that the method is difficult to perform and could be an uncertain method to select patients for uvulopalatopharyngoplasty. OBJECTIVE: The Friedman staging system is a clinical tool for selecting patients with obstructive sleep apnea who are appropriate for uvulopalatopharyngoplasty. The objective of this study was to evaluate the staging system by determining the inter-examiner agreement of one of its key components, the Friedman tongue position...
November 23, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847492/post-training-meditation-promotes-motor-memory-consolidation
#5
Maarten A Immink
Following training, motor memory consolidation is thought to involve either memory stabilization or off-line learning processes. The extent to which memory stabilization or off-line learning relies on post-training wakeful periods or sleep is not clear and thus, novel research approaches are needed to further explore the conditions that promote motor memory consolidation. The present experiment represents the first empirical test of meditation as potential facilitator of motor memory consolidation. Twelve adult residents of a yoga center with a mean of 9 years meditation experience were trained on a sequence key pressing task...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846107/gender-differences-in-self-perceptions-about-aging-and-sleep-among-elderly-chinese-residents-in-taiwan
#6
Jong-Ni Lin
BACKGROUND: Previous research has revealed the existence of gender differences in sleep patterns among older adults from various ethnic groups. Data on how gender affects the sleep patterns of Taiwanese are limited. PURPOSE: The purposes of the current study were to (a) describe perceptions about aging and the influence of these perceptions on sleep in elderly men and women, respectively, and (b) determine whether there are gender differences in perceptions and appraisal of sleep...
December 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823726/the-associations-between-sleep-disorders-and-anthropometric-measures-in-adults-from-three-colombian-cities-at-different-altitudes
#7
Alvaro J Ruiz, Martín A Rondon Sepúlveda, Oscar H Franco, Magda Cepeda, Patricia Hidalgo Martinez, Sandra B Amado Garzón, Edna R Salazar Ibarra, Liliana Otero Mendoza
BACKGROUND: Sleep disorders are common but underdiagnosed conditions, which are associated with obesity. In Colombia, the distribution of sleep disorders remains unclear. We aimed to describe the distribution of sleep disorders, according to demographic, geographic and anthropometric characteristics, in adult Colombian populations. METHODS: A multicenter study was conducted with 5474 participants recruited from three Colombian cities at different altitudes. A two-stage cluster sampling method was applied...
December 2016: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822340/stem-progenitor-cells-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-new-insights-for-clinical-applications
#8
REVIEW
Miruna Mihaela Micheu, Ana-Maria Rosca, Oana-Claudia Deleanu
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a widespread disorder, characterized by recurrent upper airway obstruction during sleep, mostly as a result of complete or partial pharyngeal obstruction. Due to the occurrence of frequent and regular hypoxic events, patients with OSAS are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke, metabolic disorders, occupational errors, motor vehicle accidents and even death. Thus, OSAS has severe consequences and represents a significant economic burden. However, some of the consequences, as well as their costs can be reduced with appropriate detection and treatment...
October 26, 2016: World Journal of Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803179/physicians-attentional-performance-following-a-24-hour-observation-period-do-we-need-to-regulate-sleep-prior-to-work
#9
P Smyth, K Maximova, J D Jirsch
BACKGROUND: The tradition of physicians working while sleep deprived is increasingly criticised. Medical regulatory bodies have restricted resident physician duty-hours, not addressing the greater population of physicians. We aimed to assess factors such as sleep duration prior to a 24-hour observation period on physicians' attention. METHODS: We studied 70 physicians (mean age 38 years old (SD 10.8 years)): 36 residents and 34 faculty from call rosters at the University of Alberta...
November 1, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798033/predictors-of-severe-psychological-distress-trajectory-after-nuclear-disaster-evidence-from-the-fukushima-health-management-survey
#10
Misari Oe, Masaharu Maeda, Masato Nagai, Seiji Yasumura, Hirooki Yabe, Yuriko Suzuki, Mayumi Harigane, Tetsuya Ohira, Masafumi Abe
OBJECTIVES: The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident, which occurred after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami in March 2011, may have a considerable long-term impact on the lives of area residents. The aims of this study were to determine the trajectories of psychological distress using 3-year consecutive data, and to find predictive factors of severe distress that may also prove useful for public health intervention. METHODS: Data were obtained on 12 371 residents who were registered in the municipalities categorised as complete evacuation areas for 3 years after the disaster and who completed an assessment in each of the 3 years...
October 19, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792207/daly-based-health-risk-assessment-of-construction-noise-in-beijing-china
#11
Jun Xiao, Xiaodong Li, Zhihui Zhang
Noise produced by construction activities has become the second most serious acoustic polluting element in China. To provide industry practitioners with a better understanding of the health risks of construction noise and to aid in creating environmentally friendly construction plans during early construction stages, we developed a quantitative model to assess the health impairment risks (HIA) associated with construction noise for individuals living adjacent to construction sites. This model classifies noise-induced health impairments into four categories: cardiovascular disease, cognitive impairment, sleep disturbance, and annoyance, and uses disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) as an indicator of damage...
October 26, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784526/abdominal-elephantiasis-nostras-verrucosa-an-underrecognized-disorder
#12
Derek Ho, Eve J Lowenstein
Case 1 A 60-year-old African American man presented with a medical history of morbid obesity (weighing more than 550 lb), benign prostatic hyperplasia, hyperlipidemia, gynecomastia, atrial fibrillation, hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, psoriasis, sleep apnea, and cardiomegaly. His size has limited his ability to clean himself properly. He experiences chronic and recurrent skin irritation and cellulitis possibly secondary to intertriginous superinfection, lymphedema, and venous stasis. On examination, his abdomen showed heavy skinfolding with hyperpigmentation, cobblestone and velvety changes, thickening and fibrotic induration of the skin, focal areas of redness, and tenderness on palpation (Figure 1A and 1B)...
2016: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771033/factors-associated-with-burnout-among-french-digestive-surgeons-in-training-results-of-a-national-survey-on-328-residents-and-fellows
#13
Rachid Chati, Emmanuel Huet, Lucie Grimberg, Lilian Schwarz, Jean-Jacques Tuech, Valérie Bridoux M D Ph D
BACKGROUND: Digestive surgery training is notoriously difficult and medical students choose this path less and less often leading to a veritable demographic crisis for this specialty in France. The aim of this study was to evaluate the working conditions to measure the prevalence of burnout syndrome (BOS) and to identify potential risk factors to implement preventive measures and appropriate support. METHODS: This was a multicenter, cross-sectional study. An anonymous questionnaire was sent by e-mail to 500 French digestive surgeons in training (residents and fellows)...
August 31, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765127/-changes-on-patterns-of-sleep-duration-findings-from-china-health-and-nutrition-survey-in-population-in-9-provinces
#14
D H Jin, S F Du, B Y Chen, J W Liu, Z X Fu, H J Wang
Objective: To understand the changes on patterns of sleep duration of the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS) cohort in 9 provinces from 2004 to 2011. Methods: Four rounds of CHNS data were used. Urban/rural, age and gender specific insufficient sleeping rates and excessive sleeping rates were analyzed. Results: In 2004, 2006, 2009 and 2011, a total of 274, 281, 329 and 304 children aged 3-5 years; 874, 806, 768 and 742 children aged 6-12 years; 789, 529, 426 and 367 children aged 13-17 years; 9 568, 9 530, 9 942 and 9 609 adults aged ≥18 years were surveyed respectively...
October 10, 2016: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753808/ssa-03-3-dietary-salt-intake-and-hypertension-in-singapore
#15
Vernon Min Sen Oh
According to the Singapore National Health Survey (NHS) of 2010, the population of the Republic of Singapore was 5.076,700, comprising four ethnic groups: Chinese (74.1%), Malays (13.4%), Indians (9.2%), and others (3.3%). The National Health Survey for 2016 is under way and due to be published in 2017. From the six-yearly national health surveys, the crude prevalence of clinical hypertension (HTn), defined as a sustained blood pressure ≥ 140/90 mmHg, in Singaporean residents aged 30 to 69 years rose from 22...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749505/a-survey-of-neurophysiology-fellows-in-the-united-states
#16
Zulfi Haneef, Sharon Chiang, Holly Rutherford, Arun Antony
INTRODUCTION: Fellowship training in Clinical Neurophysiology (CNP) is often sought following Neurology residency. However, data documenting the reasons for choosing CNP fellowship, and experiences therein, are sparse. METHODS: Current Neurophysiology fellows across the United States participated in a 17-item, internet-based survey. Data regarding demographics, reasons for choosing fellowship, adequacy of training, and future plans were collected. RESULTS: Among respondents (n=49), 84% graduated from a US medical school...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Publication of the American Electroencephalographic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729401/sleep-among-long-term-care-residents-in-china-a-narrative-review-of-literature
#17
Junxin Li, Binbin Yang, Miranda Varrasse, Kun Li
The objective of this study is to synthesize and evaluate the current body of sleep research among long-term care (LTC) residents in China and provide insights for future research. Systematic searches identified 15 studies that examined sleep in LTC residents in China. Sleep disturbances and poor sleep quality were prevalent in Chinese LTC residents. Eight cross-sectional studies reported that demographics, comorbidities, lifestyle, and environment were associated with sleep quality in Chinese LTC residents...
October 10, 2016: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720883/pediatric-osas-morbidity-biomarkers-the-hunt-is-finally-on
#18
Leila Kheirandish-Gozal, David Gozal
Since the initial report 40 years ago on pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) as a distinct and prevalent clinical entity, substantial advances have occurred in the delineation of diagnostic and treatment approaches. However, despite emerging and compelling evidence that OSAS increases the risk for cognitive, cardiovascular and metabolic end-organ morbidities, routine assessment of such morbidities is seldom conducted in clinical practice. One of the major reasons for such discrepancies resides in the relatively labor-intensive and onerous steps that would be required to detect the presence of any of such morbidities, further adding to the already elevated cost of diagnosing the disorder...
October 6, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717708/effect-of-home-call-on-otolaryngology-resident-education-a-pilot-study
#19
Lisa Caulley, Alexandra E Quimby, Nick Barrowman, Katherine Moreau, Jean-Philippe Vaccani
OBJECTIVE: To inform institutional policies regarding call encounters through an evaluation of the effect of home-call on academic experience and fatigue among surgical residents. This study conducted an assessment of the nature of resident call encounters premidnight and postmidnight and a comparative analysis of sleep deprivation and efficiency in residents during home-call and off call. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: All Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery residents (n = 9) at single Canadian institution were asked to establish the time and nature of call encounters during home-call...
October 4, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707449/ventilatory-cycle-measurements-and-loop-gain-in-central-apnea-in-mining-drivers-exposed-to-intermittent-altitude
#20
Jorge Rey de Castro, Alicia Liendo, T Oswaldo Ortiz, Edmundo Rosales-Mayor, César Liendo
OBJECTIVES: By measuring the apnea length, ventilatory phase, respiratory cycle length, and loop gain, we can further characterize the central apneas of high altitude (CAHA). METHODS: Sixty-three drivers of all-terrain vehicles, working in a Peruvian mine located at 2020 meters above sea level (MASL), were evaluated. A respiratory polygraph was performed in the first night they slept at high altitude. None of the subjects were exposed to oxygen during the test or acetazolamide in the preceding days of the test...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
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