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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534822/violence-victimization-in-korean-adolescents-risk-factors-and-psychological-problems
#1
Subin Park, Yeeun Lee, Hyesue Jang, Minkyung Jo
We examined the risk factors for and psychological problems associated with violence victimization in a nationwide representative sample of Korean adolescents. Data from the 2016 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey was used. Participants were asked about their experience of being a victim of violence that required medical treatment during the past 12 months, as well as their perceived health, happiness, sleep satisfaction, stress, depressed mood, and suicidality. The 12-month prevalence of violence victimization requiring medical treatment was 2...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530334/-from-theory-to-practice-implementing-the-bio-psycho-social-model-in-clinical-and-research-activities-in-the-beer-sheva-mental-health-center
#2
Hagit Cohen, Doron Todder
The Beer Sheva Mental Health Center is the second largest mental health hospital in Israel and provides acute and chronic in-patient services for the entire population of the Southern District of Israel, from Ashdod to Eilat (about 1.2 million people) from adolescence to the elderly. The outpatient services include a variety of regional specialty services such as bipolar, eating disorders, anxiety, neuromodulation, gender-oriented, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, sleep, dual diagnosis, geronto-psychiatry and post-traumatic stress disorder clinics and various rehabilitation day-care services...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528223/the-mediating-role-of-sleep-quality-on-the-relationship-between-perceived-stress-and-depression-among-the-elderly-in-urban-communities-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Y Liu, T Li, L Guo, R Zhang, X Feng, K Liu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the relationship between perceived stress, sleep quality, and depression among the elderly in urban communities, and further to determine whether sleep quality can serve as a mediator among the elderly in urban communities. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Between May and July in 2015, we conducted a cross-sectional survey among 1050 community residents aged ≥60 years from Liaoning province, China...
May 18, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526253/racial-ethnic-differences-in-sleep-quality-among-older-adults-with-osteoarthritis
#4
Patricia A Parmelee, Brian S Cox, Jason A DeCaro, Francis J Keefe, Dylan M Smith
OBJECTIVE: To examine racial/ethnic differences in sleep quality and the pain-sleep association among older adults with osteoarthritis of the knee. DESIGN: Baseline interview followed by a 7-day microlongitudinal study using accelerometry and self-reports. SETTING: Participants were community residents in western Alabama and Long Island, NY. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-six African Americans (AAs) and 128 non-Hispanic whites (NHWs) with physician-diagnosed knee osteoarthritis, recruited from a variety of clinical and community settings...
June 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522972/recent-advances-in-the-study-of-bipolar-rod-shaped-microglia-and-their-roles-in-neurodegeneration
#5
Ngan Pan Bennett Au, Chi Him Eddie Ma
Microglia are the resident immune cells of the central nervous system (CNS) and they contribute to primary inflammatory responses following CNS injuries. The morphology of microglia is closely associated with their functional activities. Most previous research efforts have attempted to delineate the role of ramified and amoeboid microglia in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. In addition to ramified and amoeboid microglia, bipolar/rod-shaped microglia were first described by Franz Nissl in 1899 and their presence in the brain was closely associated with the pathology of infectious diseases and sleeping disorders...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522102/retrospective-multicenter-matched-case-control-study-on-the-risk-factors-for-narcolepsy-with-special-focus-on-vaccinations-including-pandemic-influenza-vaccination-and-infections-in-germany
#6
Doris Oberle, Jutta Pavel, Geert Mayer, Peter Geisler, Brigitte Keller-Stanislawski
OBJECTIVE: Studies associate pandemic influenza vaccination with narcolepsy. In Germany, a retrospective, multicenter, matched case-control study was performed to identify risk factors for narcolepsy, particularly regarding vaccinations (seasonal and pandemic influenza vaccination) and infections (seasonal and pandemic influenza) and to quantify the detected risks. METHODS: Patients with excessive daytime sleepiness who had been referred to a sleep center between April 2009 and December 2012 for multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) were eligible...
June 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516298/modeled-traffic-noise-at-the-residence-and-colorectal-cancer-incidence-a-cohort-study
#7
Nina Roswall, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Matthias Ketzel, Kim Overvad, Jytte Halkjær, Mette Sørensen
PURPOSE: Traffic noise has become an increasing public health concern, associated with pervasive negative health effects, most likely through pathways of sleep disruption and stress. Both sleep disruption and stress have been associated with colorectal cancer. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between residential traffic noise and colorectal cancer incidence. METHODS: Traffic noise was calculated for all residential addresses from 1987 to 2012 for 51,283 Danes in the Diet, Cancer and Health Cohort...
May 17, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502923/g-protein-coupled-receptor-signaling-through-gpr176-gz-and-rgs16-tunes-time-in-the-center-of-the-circadian-clock-review
#8
Kaoru Goto, Masao Doi, Tianyu Wang, Sumihiro Kunisue, Iori Murai, Hitoshi Okamura
G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) constitute an immensely important class of drug targets with diverse clinical applications. There are still more than 120 orphan GPCRs whose cognate ligands and physiological functions are not known. A set of circadian pacemaker neurons that governs daily rhythms in behavior and physiology resides in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) in the brain. Malfunction of the circadian clock has been linked to a multitude of diseases, such as sleeping disorders, obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer, which makes the clock an attractive target for drug development...
May 13, 2017: Endocrine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502597/determining-resident-sleep-during-and-after-call-with-commercial-sleep-monitoring-devices
#9
Duncan R Morhardt, Amy Luckenbaugh, Cathy Goldstein, Gary J Faerber
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate that CAMDs are practical for monitoring resident sleep while on call. Studies that have directly monitored resident sleep are limited, likely due to both cost and difficulty in study interpretation. The advent of wearable commercial activity monitoring devices (CAMDs) that estimate sleep presents the opportunity to more readily evaluate resident sleep in physically active settings and "home call," an coverage arrangement familiar to urology programs. METHODS: Twelve urology residents were outfitted with Fitbit® Flex devices during "home call" for a total of 57 (of 64, or 89%) call/post-call night pairs...
May 10, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464684/perceptions-and-effects-of-the-acoustic-environment-in-quiet-residential-areas
#10
Guillermo Rey Gozalo, Juan Miguel Barrigón Morillas
Many cities have historical areas clearly distinguished from the rest because of the architecture, urban planning, and functionality. In many cases, these aspects give one the possibility of finding a characteristic acoustic environment and also developing quiet areas. Through an examination of sound levels and surveys, the perception of residents and passers-by concerning the acoustic environment of the old town of Cáceres and its relation with the characteristics of the urban environment were analysed. In addition, the perception and the effects of noise pollution of low intensity were studied...
April 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457875/perceived-value-of-a-program-to-promote-surgical-resident-well-being
#11
Arghavan Salles, Cara A Liebert, Micaela Esquivel, Ralph S Greco, Rebecca Henry, Claudia Mueller
OBJECTIVE: The demands of surgical residency are intense and threaten not only trainees' physical wellness, but also risk depression, burnout, and suicide. Our residency program implemented a multifaceted Balance in Life program that is designed to improve residents' well-being. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the program utilization and perceived value by residents. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Residents (n = 56, 76% response rate) were invited to participate in a voluntary survey from December 2013 to February 2014 regarding utilization, barriers to use, and perceived value of 6 program components (refrigerator, After Hours Guide, psychological counseling sessions, Resident Mentorship Program, Class Representative System, and social events)...
April 28, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453484/can-better-management-of-periodontal-disease-delay-the-onset-and-progression-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
Alice Harding, Sarita Robinson, StJohn Crean, Sim K Singhrao
A risk factor relationship exists between periodontal disease and Alzheimer's disease (AD) via tooth loss, and improved memory following dental intervention. This links the microbial contribution from indigenous oral periodontal pathogens to the manifestation of chronic conditions, such as AD. Here, we use Porphyromonas gingivalis infection to illustrate its effect on mental health. P. gingivalis infection, in its primary sub-gingival niche, can cause polymicrobial synergy and dysbiosis. Dysbiosis describes the residency of select commensals from the oral cavity following co-aggregation around the dominant keystone pathogen, such as P...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452650/the-promotion-of-well-being-in-aging-individuals-living-in-nursing-homes-a-controlled-pilot-intervention-with-narrative-strategies
#13
Giulia Cesetti, Francesca Vescovelli, Chiara Ruini
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed: (1) to compare levels of well-being and distress in older adults living in nursing homes with those living in community; and (2) to test the feasibility of a positive narrative intervention for improving well-being versus a control art-and-craft intervention in a nursing home setting. METHODS: Sixty older adults participated in the study (M = 77.37; SD = 5.00), Male = 20 (33.3%). In Study 1, 30 adults living in nursing homes were compared with 30 community-dwellers using the following measures: Satisfaction with Life Scale, Psychological Well-being Scale, Social Well-being Scale, Geriatric Depression Scale, and sleep quality...
February 8, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449900/insufficient-sleep-rather-than-the-apnea-hypopnea-index-can-be-associated-with-sleepiness-related-driving-problems-of-japanese-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-patients-residing-in-metropolitan-areas
#14
Kentaro Matsui, Taeko Sasai-Sakuma, Jun Ishigooka, Yuichi Inoue
OBJECTIVE: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and insufficient sleep might increase the risk of drowsy driving and sleepiness-related vehicular accidents. This study retrospectively investigated the factors associated with these driving problems, particularly addressing OSAS severity and sleep amounts of affected drivers. METHODS: This study examined 161 patients (146 male and 15 female) with OSAS (apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] ≥ 5) who drove on a routine basis and who completed study questionnaires...
May 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440535/socioeconomic-status-and-its-relationship-to-chronic-respiratory-disease
#15
Sonu Sahni, Ankoor Talwar, Sameer Khanijo, Arunabh Talwar
Socioeconomic status (SES) is defined as an individual's social or economic standing, and is a measure of an individual's or family's social or economic position or rank in a social group. It is a composite of several measures including income, education, occupation, location of residence or housing. Studies have found a lower SES has been linked to disproportionate access to health care in many diseases. There is emerging data in pulmonary diseases such as COPD, asthma, cystic fibrosis, pulmonary hypertension and other chronic respiratory conditions that allude to a similar observation noted in other chronic diseases...
2017: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422119/current-lifestyle-factors-that-increase-risk-of-t2dm-in-china
#16
REVIEW
N Zhang, S M Du, G S Ma
The Report on the Status of Nutrition and Chronic Diseases of Chinese residents (2015) indicated that the prevalence of diabetes was 9.7% among adults aged ⩾18 years, which markedly increased from 2.6% in 2002 within 10 years. In addition to the social economic factors, transitions in food consumption, behavioral and lifestyle playing the important roles in the fast increase of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In 2010-2012, the cereal food consumption of Chinese residents was 337 g/d, vegetables consumption 269 g/d, fruit consumption 41 g/d, legume and legume products 11 g/d, dairy and dairy products consumption 25 g/d, meat consumption 90 g/d, edible oil consumption 42 g/d and dietary fiber 10...
April 19, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404506/associations-of-24-hour-sleep-duration-and-ct-derived-measurements-of-muscle-and-bone-the-ages-reykjavik-study
#17
Elisa A Marques, Pedro Figueiredo, Vilmundur Gudnason, Thomas Lang, Gunnar Sigurdsson, Sigurdur Sigurdsson, Thor Aspelund, Kristin Siggeirsdottir, Lenore Launer, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Tamara B Harris
BACKGROUND: Although the importance of sleep on preservation of several physiological functions is well known, the relationship with the two interconnected tissues - muscle and bone is less understood. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the association of 24-hour sleep duration with mid-thigh muscle composition and proximal femur volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD). METHODS: 2438 men and 3326 women aged 66 to 96years, residents in the Reykjavik area, were included in this cross-sectional study...
July 2017: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399838/association-of-nutrition-club-membership-with-markers-of-health-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Sai Krupa Das, Taylor A Vail, Namibia Lebrón-Torres, Kara A Livingston, Susan B Roberts, Gail T Rogers, Cheryl H Gilhooly, Lorien E Urban, Edward Saltzman, Nicola M McKeown, Sara C Folta
BACKGROUND: Nutrition clubs (NC) operate in community settings and provide members with nutrition education and meal replacements for weight management. NC are owned and operated by distributors of Herbalife products. There are over 6200 NC in the US, but there has been no independent assessment of the association of these NC with biomarkers of health. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional pilot study to compare the health status of 100 NC members to 100 community-matched controls (CC) in the greater Boston area...
April 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390852/cardiovascular-comorbidity-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-the-canary-islands-ccecan-study
#19
Juan Marco Figueira Goncalves, Rafael Dorta Sánchez, María Del Cristo Rodri Guez Pérez, Pedro Viña Manrique, David Díaz Pérez, Cristina Guzmán Saenz, Juan Manuel Palmero Tejera, Alicia Pérez Rodríguez, Lorenzo Pérez Negrín
INTRODUCTION: Numerous studies have shown a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to analyse the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors and comorbidity in a Canary Islands population diagnosed with COPD, and compared it with data from the general population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 300 patients with COPD and 524 subjects without respiratory disease (control group)...
April 5, 2017: Clínica e Investigación en Arteriosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375663/respiratory-health-benefits-and-risks-of-living-at-moderate-altitude
#20
Colin K Grissom, Barbara E Jones
Grissom, Colin K., Barbara E. Jones. Respiratory health benefits and risks of living at moderate altitude. High Alt Med Biol 00:000-000, 2017.-The respiratory system plays a critical role in the series of physiologic responses that occur at high altitude and allows individuals to adapt to and tolerate hypobaric hypoxia. Persons with underlying lung disease may have complications, but sometimes derive benefits, related to residence at high altitude. This review will focus on health benefits and risks of patients with underlying asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pulmonary hypertension, or obstructive sleep apnea, who live at altitudes of 1500 to 4500 m...
April 4, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
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