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Residency AND sleep

David A Kalmbach, Yu Fang, J Todd Arnedt, Amy L Cochran, Patricia J Deldin, Adam I Kaplin, Srijan Sen
BACKGROUND: Although short sleep, shift work, and physical inactivity are endemic to residency, a lack of objective, real-time information has limited our understanding of how these problems impact physician mental health. OBJECTIVE: To understand how the residency experience affects sleep, physical activity, and mood, and to understand the directional relationships among these variables. DESIGN: A prospective longitudinal study. SUBJECTS: Thirty-three first-year residents (interns) provided data from 2 months pre-internship through the first 6 months of internship...
March 14, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Yiping Chen, Christiana Kartsonaki, Robert Clarke, Yu Guo, Canqing Yu, Zheng Bian, Qilian Jiang, Shanpeng Li, Junshi Chen, Liming Li, Zhengming Chen
BACKGROUND: Inadequate sleep duration and insomnia can affect both physical and mental health. There is limited evidence, however, on characteristics and correlates of sleep patterns and insomnia in urban and rural China. METHODS: This cross-sectional study, involving 512,891 adults aged 30-79 years from ten (five urban and five rural) diverse areas in China, recorded detailed information, using interviewer-administered laptop-based questionnaires, on sleep patterns (duration, daytime napping and snoring) and insomnia symptoms...
April 2018: Sleep Medicine
Thida Win, Toru Yamazaki, Koji Kanda, Kazuo Tajima, Shigeru Sokejima
BACKGROUND: Studies on social capital and health outcomes have become common, but the relationship between neighborhood social capital and sleep duration by gender is still unclear. We examined the relationship between neighborhood social capital and sleep duration by gender in adults living in a rural community in Japan. METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 12,321 residents aged ≥20 years in a town in Mie Prefecture in January-March 2013. Self-completed questionnaires were collected from the residents (n = 7782; valid participation rate, 63...
March 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
Y Selvamani, Pushpendra Singh
BACKGROUND: Underweight defined as body mass index (BMI) < 18.5 is associated with negative health and quality of life outcomes including mortality. Yet, little is known about the socioeconomic differentials in underweight and its association with health and well-being among older adults in India. This study examined the socioeconomic differentials in underweight among respondents aged ≥50 in India. Consequently, three outcomes of the association of underweight were studied. These are poor self-rated health, cognition and quality of life...
2018: PloS One
Ibrahim Sadek, Mounir Mohktari
Sleep deprivation can lead to loss of concentration, and risky decision-making. Nevertheless, some people may underestimate the importance of getting quality sleep. The standard health care systems might not be suitable for long-term monitoring of sleep. As an example, the polysomnography, i.e., the gold standard for assessing sleep disorders is cumbersome, expensive, and time-consuming. As a result, portable, nonintrusive and inexpensive systems for monitoring quality of sleep are greatly needed. This paper demonstrates a novel nonintrusive system for monitoring quality of sleep using an optical fiber embedded sensor mat...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
Woo Hyun Lee, Jeong-Whun Kim, Jae-Sung Lim, Il Gyu Kong, Hyo Geun Choi
BACKGROUND: Several studies have reported that chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) increases the risk of stroke. The aim of this study is to elucidate the putative association between CRS and stroke (ischemic or hemorrhagic) using large population-based national health insurance data. METHODS: Using the national cohort study from the Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service, CRS patients (n = 22,959) and control participants (n = 91,836) were selected and matched at a rate of 1:4 (age, sex, income, region, hypertension, diabetes, and dyslipidemia)...
2018: PloS One
Jalil Nejati, Seyed Hassan Moosa-Kazemi, Abedin Saghafipour, Khodamorad Soofi
Nowadays, community based control strategies are considered efficient in reaching the malaria elimination goal. For this reason, this study was conducted to access the knowledge, attitude and practice of people on malaria from rural areas with high malaria incidence. In this descriptive-analytic study, a total of 200 rural residents of southeastern Iran were recruited. They were selected based on cluster and simple random sampling methods. Data collection was done using questionnaire with reliability confirmation by Cronbach's alpha and data was analyzed using SPSS...
March 2018: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Lisa C Martinez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Rosalind E M Hatton, Maria Gardani
OBJECTIVES: Parental knowledge on sleep hygiene in children may be a contributing factor for sleep difficulties in preschoolers. As sleep is crucial for healthy development, it is important to understand how parental knowledge can be improved. The aim of this qualitative study was to develop an understanding of advice available in the United Kingdom (UK) on sleep in young children. DESIGN: This study employed constructivist grounded theory methodology. METHODS: Participants were recruited via social media and a previously constructed participant database...
February 27, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
Iván Chérrez-Ojeda, Juan Carlos Calderón, Andrea Fernández García, Donna B Jeffe, Ilka Santoro, Emanuel Vanegas, Annia Cherrez, José Cano, Freddy Betancourt, Daniel Simancas-Racines
Background: We aimed to assess recent Latin American medical school graduates' knowledge and attitudes about OSA and examine whether their knowledge and attitudes about OSA differed from practicing physicians. Methods: Recent medical graduates completed the Spanish translation of the OSA Knowledge and Attitudes (OSAKA) questionnaire at the 2013 national primary-care residency-placement meeting in Ecuador. The OSAKA includes 18 knowledge and five attitudinal items about OSA...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
Reut Gruber, Evelyn Constantin, Jean Yves Frappier, Robert T Brouillette, Merrill S Wise
Background: Sleep disorders are prevalent in children and are associated with significant comorbidity. Objective: To assess the training, knowledge, attitudes and practices of Canadian health care providers (HCPs) regarding sleep disorders in children. Method: A 42-item survey, designed to collect information on frequency of paediatric sleep disorders-related screening and diagnosis, implementation of evidence-based interventions and related knowledge base, was completed by HCPs...
September 2017: Paediatrics & Child Health
Hui Zhou, Kai Wang, Xiaojun Zhou, Shiying Ruan, Shaohui Gan, Siyuan Cheng, Yuanan Lu
Hypertension has become the leading cause of death worldwide; data on hypertension among Nanchang adults are sparse. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and gender-specific influencing factors of hypertension in adults in Nanchang, China. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a representative sample of 2722 Chinese residents aged 18 years and above between May and September 2016, with a response rate of 92.4% (2516/2722). A stratified cluster sampling method was adopted in this study...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jonathan P Zebrowski, Samantha J Pulliam, John W Denninger, Lori R Berkowitz
BACKGROUND: Sleep impairment is highly prevalent among resident physicians and is associated with both adverse patient outcomes and poor resident mental and physical health. Risk factors for sleep problems during residency are less clear, and no screening model exists to identify residents at risk for sleep impairment. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess change in resident sleep during training and to evaluate utility of baseline sleep screening in predicting future sleep impairment...
February 20, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
A V Golenkov, F V Orlov, S P Sapozhnikov, V A Kozlov
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate the connection of sleep disorders (SD) with a headache (HA) among the representative sample of population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 1115 inhabitants of Chuvashia (491 men and 624 women) aged from 18 to 70 years old have been interviewed (middle age 38.7±13.9 years old); respondents under 18 and over 70 years old were not included into the research. There were 690 city residents, and 425 residents of the rural areas...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
Sheng Zhang, Ruopeng An
OBJECTIVES: We examined the impact of ambient air pollution on television use among residents in Shanghai, China. METHODS: Device-measured daily average duration of television use from January 2014 to December 2016 was obtained from a random sample of 300 households, and was matched to air pollution and weather data. We used an autoregressive moving-average model to estimate the association between air quality index (AQI) and television use. RESULTS: There was a negative non-linear relationship between air pollution level and television use...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
Irfan Khattak, Muhammad Hassan Mushtaq, Sultan Ayaz, Sajid Ali, Anwar Sheed, Javed Muhammad, Muhammad Luqman Sohail, Haq Amanullah, Irshad Ahmad, Sadeeq Ur Rahman
Prevalence of zoonotic Mycobacterium bovis (bTB) disease in human population is underreported from the North of Pakistan. Here, we report on the proportion of human bTB disease among the overall TB patients, drug resistance pattern of bTB isolates, and knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP)-based analysis of bTB disease. For this purpose, sputum samples from a total of 300 clinically diagnosed TB patients and 100 randomly selected school children suspected of pulmonary TB were processed by culture as well as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for isolation, identification, and confirmation of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (mTB) and bTB species...
February 17, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Roya Kelishadi, Zahra Heidari, Iraj Kazemi, Tohid Jafari-Koshki, Marjan Mansourian, Mohammad-Esmaeil Motlagh, Ramin Heshmat
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess determinants of anthropometric measures in a nationally representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: This nationwide study was conducted among 13,280 students, aged 6-18 years, who were randomly selected from 30 provinces in Iran. Anthropometric measures were determined by calibrated instruments. Demographic and socio-economic (SES) variables, lifestyle behaviors, family history of chronic disease and prenatal factors were studied, as well...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Si Chen, Ying Yang, Guan-Liang Cheng, Jia Jia, Fang-Fang Fan, Jian-Ping Li, Yong Huo, Yan Zhang, Da-Fang Chen
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Short sleep duration is a risk factor of cardiovascular disorder; however, the association between short sleep duration and carotid atherosclerosis has not been completely characterised. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between short sleep duration and carotid atherosclerosis. METHODS: We used the cross-sectional data collected between May 2014 and July 2014, which were based on a cardiovascular disease cohort study including 3798 participants aged 40 years and older who are residents of Beijing, China...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Lichuan Ye, Kathy C Richards
Long-term care (LTC) involves a range of support and services for people with chronic illness and disabilities who can not perform activities of daily living independently. Poor sleep increases the risk of LTC placement, and sleep disturbance is extremely common among LTC residents. The identification and management of sleep disturbance in LTC residents is a vital, but perhaps underappreciated, aspect of offering high-quality care for this already compromised population. This review describes the nature and consequences of sleep disturbances in LTC, clinical assessment and management of sleep disturbances in LTC, and implications for future research and clinical practice...
March 2018: Sleep Medicine Clinics
Juraci Almeida Cesar, Jayshlyn Denise Acevedo, Camilla Rabuske Kaczan, Júlio César Pit Venzo, Laura Rohe Costa, Luiza Crochemore Monsant da Silva, Nelson Arns Neumann
This study aimed to identify mother's opinion on infant sleep position and the factors associated with the intention to place the infant in the supine position in the municipality of Rio Grande, Southern Brazil. A standardized questionnaire was applied to all mothers residing in this municipality who gave birth to a child in the only two local maternity wards from January 1 to December 31, 2010. Chi-square test was used to compare proportions, along with a Poisson regression with robust adjustment in the multivariate analysis...
February 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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