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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146222/nursing-staff-distress-associated-with-neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-young-onset-dementia-and-late-onset-dementia
#1
Jeannette C L van Duinen-van den IJssel, Ans J M J Mulders, Martin Smalbrugge, Sandra A Zwijsen, Britt Appelhof, Syste U Zuidema, Marjolein E de Vugt, Frans R J Verhey, Christian Bakker, Raymond T C M Koopmans
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were (1) to investigate the relationship between different neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) and the level of distress experienced by nurses caring for residents with young-onset dementia (YOD) and (2) to compare these findings with those for nurses caring for residents with late-onset dementia (LOD). DESIGN/SETTING: This is a retrospective study conducted in Dutch long-term care facilities. Data were used from the Behavior and Evolution of Young-ONset Dementia studies (BEYOND) Parts I and II and the WAAL Behavior in Dementia-II (Waalbed-II) study...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135989/high-stress-lack-of-sleep-low-school-performance-and-suicide-attempts-are-associated-with-high-energy-drink-intake-in-adolescents
#2
So Young Kim, Songyong Sim, Hyo Geun Choi
OBJECTIVE: Although an association between energy drinks and suicide has been suggested, few prior studies have considered the role of emotional factors including stress, sleep, and school performance in adolescents. This study aimed to evaluate the association of energy drinks with suicide, independent of possible confounders including stress, sleep, and school performance. METHODS: In total, 121,106 adolescents with 13-18 years olds from the 2014 and 2015 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey were surveyed for age, sex, region of residence, economic level, paternal and maternal education level, sleep time, stress level, school performance, frequency of energy drink intake, and suicide attempts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120195/personality-disorder-traits-perceptions-of-likability-impairment-and-ability-to-change-as-correlates-and-moderators-of-desired-level
#3
Joshua D Miller, Chelsea E Sleep, Joanna Lamkin, Colin Vize, W Keith Campbell, Donald R Lynam
Historical conceptualizations have framed personality disorders (PDs) as unchanging and ego-syntonic. However, recent evidence suggests that individuals with PD traits may have some insight into their personality and consider those traits to be somewhat ego-dystonic. To replicate and extend previous findings, participants (N = 328) self-reported their PD trait levels, likability of those traits, impairment, capability for change, and desired trait levels. The results demonstrated that individuals with PD traits tolerate but still dislike those traits, believe that they cause them problems, and are interested in reducing them...
November 9, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114333/comparing-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-requesting-dental-implants-before-and-after-implant
#4
Naser Sargozaie, Amir Moeintaghavi, Hamid Shojaie
Background and Objectives: Tooth loss is a serious life event that impairs two important functions, namely, eating and speaking, and has significant side effects on different aspects of quality of life. These effects are internalized by the individual. The present study aimed to compare the quality of life (QOL) of patients requesting dental implants before and after implant. Materials and Methods: This analytical cross-sectional study was conducted on patients referred to the Mashhad faculty of Dentistry and private clinics with dental implants in 2015...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098523/carbon-monoxide-alarm-and-smoke-alarm-use-among-parents-recruited-from-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#5
Kristin J Roberts, Erica Fowler, R Dawn Comstock, Soledad Fernandez, Mahmoud Abdel-Rasoul, Leslie Mihalov, Marcel J Casavant, Lara B McKenzie
Although the proper installation and maintenance of carbon monoxide (CO) and smoke alarms can protect individuals from residential CO-related and fire-related injuries, these devices are underutilized. We describe characteristics associated with self-reported CO and smoke alarm use of parents recruited from a pediatric emergency department to improve CO alarm use. Parents of children ≤ 18 years (N = 299) reported socio-demographic characteristics and CO and smoke alarm ownership and practices. We assigned participants to a behavioral profile and a Precaution Adoption Process Model stage based on their self-reported CO and smoke alarm use...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073391/parental-social-capital-and-children-s-sleep-disturbances
#6
Emma Nagy, Spencer Moore, Reut Gruber, Catherine Paquet, Narendra Arora, Laurette Dubé
OBJECTIVES: Sleep plays a critical role in the health and well-being of children. Individual and household factors, including parent's social connections, may impact children's sleep. Our study assessed the association between children's sleep disturbances and parent's social capital in a sample of Canadian households. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: Data came from 339 children and their parents who completed a telephone and follow-up survey in 2013 as part of the Canada Brain-to-Society study...
December 2016: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073389/impact-of-extended-duty-hours-on-medical-trainees
#7
Pnina Weiss, Meir Kryger, Melissa Knauert
Many studies on resident physicians have demonstrated that extended work hours are associated with a negative impact on well-being, education, and patient care. However, the relationship between the work schedule and the degree of impairment remains unclear. In recent years, because of concerns for patient safety, national minimum standards for duty hours have been instituted (2003) and revised (2011). These changes were based on studies of the effects of sleep deprivation on human performance and specifically on the effect of extended shifts on resident performance...
December 2016: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064839/sex-differences-in-the-association-between-a-previous-cancer-diagnosis-and-the-use-of-medication
#8
Ana Rute Costa, Luís Pacheco-Figueiredo, Luís Alves, Nuno Lunet
We aimed to quantify the association between a previous cancer diagnosis and medication use, depicting possible sex differences. We analysed data from a representative sample of the Portuguese adult population (n=32 610), which was collected through face-to-face interviews, using a structured questionnaire. The effect of a previous diagnosis of cancer was quantified through prevalence ratios (PR), adjusted for age, education and region of residence. Cancer survivors (CS) reported higher use of prescribed medication, with greater adjusted PR among men (1...
October 23, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056976/interactions-between-neighbourhood-urban-form-and-socioeconomic-status-and-their-associations-with-anthropometric-measurements-in-canadian-adults
#9
Gavin R McCormack, Christine Friedenreich, Lindsay McLaren, Melissa Potestio, Beverly Sandalack, Ilona Csizmadi
Neighbourhood-level socioeconomic composition and built context are correlates of weight-related behaviours. We investigated the relations between objective measures of neighbourhood design and socioeconomic status (SES) and their interaction, in relation to self-reported waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio, and body mass index (BMI) in a sample of Canadian adults (n = 851 from 12 Calgary neighbourhoods). WC and BMI were higher among residents of disadvantaged neighbourhoods, independent of neighbourhood design (grid, warped grid, and curvilinear street patterns) and individual-level characteristics (sex, age, education, income, dog ownership, marital status, number of dependents, motor vehicle access, smoking, sleep, mental health, physical health, and past attempts to modify bodyweight)...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049076/fatigue-risk-management-the-impact-of-anesthesiology-residents-work-schedules-on-job-performance-and-a-review-of-potential-countermeasures
#10
Lily R Wong, Erin Flynn-Evans, Keith J Ruskin
Long duty periods and overnight call shifts impair physicians' performance on measures of vigilance, psychomotor functioning, alertness, and mood. Anesthesiology residents typically work between 64 and 70 hours per week and are often required to work 24 hours or overnight shifts, sometimes taking call every third night. Mitigating the effects of sleep loss, circadian misalignment, and sleep inertia requires an understanding of the relationship among work schedules, fatigue, and job performance. This article reviews the current Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education guidelines for resident duty hours, examines how anesthesiologists' work schedules can affect job performance, and discusses the ramifications of overnight and prolonged duty hours on patient safety and resident well-being...
October 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043993/serum-levels-of-leptin-zinc-and-tryptophan-in-obese-subjects-with-sleep-deficits
#11
Noreen Samad, Farzana Yasmin, Suad Naheed, Abu Zeeshan Bari, M Mazhar Ayaz, Aqal Zaman, Atif Akbar, Saima Saeed, Najeeb Ullah
Obesity is an important risk factor for sleep disorders. This study aimed to evaluate the association of leptin, zinc and tryptophan (TRP) in obese subjects with sleep deficits [sleep apnea (SA), insomnia (IN)]. In this cross sectional case control, with the verbal and written consent 206, obese with sleep deficits and 30, non-obese/normal identified from various areas of Karachi, Pakistan. The socio-demographic data including; age, body mass index (BMI), education and residence, of participants was collected...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043298/professional-burnout-and-concurrent-health-complaints-in-neonatal-nursing
#12
Natalija Skorobogatova, Nida Žemaitienė, Kastytis Šmigelskas, Rasa Tamelienė
The aim of this study was to analyze nurses' professional burnout and health complaints and the relationship between the two components. METHODS: The anonymous survey included 94 neonatal intensive care nurses from two centers of perinatology. The Maslach Burnout Inventory-Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) was used to evaluate professional burnout; it consisted of 3 components, Emotional Exhaustion, Depersonalization, and Personal Accomplishments, with 22 items in total. Health complaints were evaluated by 21 items, where nurses were asked to report the occurrence of symptoms within the last year...
2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040315/individual-and-environmental-correlates-of-objectively-measured-sedentary-time-in-dutch-and-belgian-adults
#13
Femke van Nassau, Joreintje D Mackenbach, Sofie Compernolle, Ilse de Bourdeaudhuij, Jeroen Lakerveld, Hidde P van der Ploeg
As the detrimental health effects of sedentary behaviour are well established, insight into the individual and environmental factors that influence adults' sedentary behaviour is needed. Most studies to date rely on self-reported measures of sedentary time. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to examine individual and environmental correlates of objectively measured sedentary time in Dutch and Belgian adults. Between March and August 2014, Belgian (n = 133) and Dutch (n = 223) adults, recruited as sub-sample of the SPOTLIGHT survey, wore an ActiGraph accelerometer to provide objectively measured sedentary and moderate to vigorous physical activity time...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029601/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-myopia-in-older-adult-east-chinese-population
#14
Cailian Xu, Chenwei Pan, Chunhua Zhao, Mingchao Bi, Qinghua Ma, Jianhui Cheng, E Song
BACKGROUND: To determine the prevalence and associated factors for myopia and high myopia among older population in a rural community in Eastern China. METHODS: A community-based, cross-sectional survey was conducted in the Weitang town located in Suzhou, an urban metropolis in East China. A total of 5613 Chinese residents aged 60 years and older were invited to complete a questionnaire and participated in a detailed eye examination,including measurements of visual acuity and refractive error using autorefraction and subjective refraction...
October 13, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027086/the-association-between-somatic-and-psychological-discomfort-and-health-related-quality-of-life-according-to-the-elderly-and-non-elderly
#15
Hyeon-Sook Lee, Siwoo Lee, Sohee Park, Younghwa Baek, Ji-Hye Youn, Dan Bee Cho, Jung-Hyun Jin, Aesun Shin, Sue K Park, Keon Wook Kang, Young-Khi Lim, Chul Hwan Kang, Keun-Young Yoo, Kwang-Pil Ko
PURPOSE: Symptoms and discomfort are common complaints in primary care settings. It has been postulated that the physical symptoms are informative index in estimating Health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Thus, we conducted a community-based cross-sectional study to assess the relationship between somatic and psychological discomfort and HRQOL in elderly and non-elderly people. METHODS: A total of 2467 participants were recruited in 2013 from a population of 17,066 rural residents aged 20 or older...
October 12, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021947/health-symptoms-in-residents-living-near-shale-gas-activity-a-retrospective-record-review-from-the-environmental-health-project
#16
Beth Weinberger, Lydia H Greiner, Leslie Walleigh, David Brown
Increasing evidence demonstrates an association between health symptoms and exposure to unconventional natural gas development (UNGD). The purpose of this study is to describe the health of adults in communities with intense UNGD who presented for evaluation of symptoms. Records of 135 structured health assessments conducted between February 2012 and October 2015 were reviewed retrospectively. Publicly available data were used to determine proximity to gas wells. Analysis was restricted to records of adults who lived within 1 km of a well in Pennsylvania and denied employment in the gas industry (n = 51)...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992832/impact-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-treatment-on-quality-of-life-measures-in-a-large-clinic-based-cohort
#17
Harneet K Walia, Nicolas R Thompson, Irene Katzan, Nancy Foldvary-Schaefer, Douglas E Moul, Reena Mehra
STUDY OBJECTIVES: This study aims to report the effect of positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy on quality of life (QoL) measures in the clinical sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) population. METHODS: We examined general QoL measures assessed by European Quality of Life-5D (EQ-5D) and sleep-specific QoL by examining Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire (FOSQ) scores before and after PAP therapy retrospectively in a clinical SDB population using paired and two-sample t tests...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991772/prevalence-of-depression-anxiety-and-insomnia-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-and-their-co-relation-with-the-demographic-variables
#18
H K Aggarwal, Deepak Jain, Geeta Dabas, R K Yadav
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an emerging health problem in both developed and developing countries. Depression, anxiety and sleep disturbances are highly prevalent in patients with chronic disease, but remain undertreated despite significant negative consequences on patients' health. Assessment of key components of mental health early in disease course will help to identify high risk subjects in whom modifying these predictors will help in providing active and healthy life in CKD patients...
September 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977531/the-paradoxical-impact-of-companionship-on-the-mental-health-of-older-african-american-men
#19
Jamie A Mitchell, Tamara Cadet, Shanna Burke, Ed-Dee Williams, Daniel Alvarez
Objectives: African Americans comprise 9% of the 46 million U.S. adults over age 65. Two thirds of older African American men (AAM) reside with companions. This study investigated the assumption that frequent contact with companions confers mainly health-related benefits for AAM. Methods: Utilizing secondary data from the National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center, the relationship between older AAM's mental health and related conditions (depression, anxiety, and sleep disturbances), companion living arrangements, and frequency of contact with the participants for 3,423 older AAM and their 1,161 companions, was examined...
July 20, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974071/impact-of-sleep-deprivation-on-anaesthesia-residents-non-technical-skills-a-pilot-simulation-based-prospective-randomized-trial
#20
A Neuschwander, A Job, A Younes, A Mignon, C Delgoulet, P Cabon, J Mantz, A Tesniere
Background: Sleep deprivation is common in anaesthesia residents, but its impact on performance remains uncertain. Non-technical skills (team working, situation awareness, decision making, and task management) are key components of quality of care in anaesthesia, particularly in crisis situations occurring in the operating room. The impact of sleep deprivation on non-technical skills is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that in anaesthesia residents sleep deprivation is associated with impaired non-technical skills...
July 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
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