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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776774/association-of-disrupted-circadian-rhythmicity-with-mood-disorders-subjective-wellbeing-and-cognitive-function-a-cross-sectional-study-of-91-105-participants-from-the-uk-biobank
#1
Laura M Lyall, Cathy A Wyse, Nicholas Graham, Amy Ferguson, Donald M Lyall, Breda Cullen, Carlos A Celis Morales, Stephany M Biello, Daniel Mackay, Joey Ward, Rona J Strawbridge, Jason M R Gill, Mark E S Bailey, Jill P Pell, Daniel J Smith
BACKGROUND: Disruption of sleep and circadian rhythmicity is a core feature of mood disorders and might be associated with increased susceptibility to such disorders. Previous studies in this area have used subjective reports of activity and sleep patterns, but the availability of accelerometer-based data from UK Biobank participants permits the derivation and analysis of new, objectively ascertained circadian rhythmicity parameters. We examined associations between objectively assessed circadian rhythmicity and mental health and wellbeing phenotypes, including lifetime history of mood disorder...
May 15, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770460/association-of-sleep-duration-with-sleep-disturbances-quality-of-life-and-sociodemographic-factors-in-general-hospital-outpatients
#2
Wei Zheng, Xin-Ni Luo, Hai-Yan Li, Xiao-Yin Ke, Qing Dai, Chan-Juan Zhang, Chee H Ng, Gabor S Ungvari, Yu-Tao Xiang, Yu-Ping Ning
PURPOSE: To examine sleep duration and its demographic and clinical correlates in patients attending outpatient clinics attached to general hospitals. DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 4,399 outpatients participated in the study. Sleep duration (short sleep, <7 h/day; long sleep, >8 h/day; and medium sleep, 7-8 h/day) was assessed. FINDINGS: The proportions of short and long sleep duration were 39.5% and 10.3%, respectively. Significant associations between short sleep and any type of sleep disturbances, age, education level, depressive symptoms, and rural residence were found...
May 16, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768372/technologies-for-participatory-medicine-and-health-promotion-in-the-elderly-population
#3
Laura Nieto-Riveiro, Betania Groba, M Carmen Miranda, Patricia Concheiro, Alejandro Pazos, Thais Pousada, Javier Pereira
INTRODUCTION: The progressive aging of the population is a socio-demographic phenomenon experienced by most countries in the world in recent decades, especially in Japan and in many European Union countries. During this process, so-called "geriatric syndromes" frequently occur. The focus of this study is the quality of life of the elderly in relation to these 3 factors: risk of falls, urinary incontinence, and insomnia. OBJECTIVE: The main purpose is to determine the impact of a multifactorial intervention program implemented with institutionalized elderly people...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746752/-prevalence-of-sleep-symptoms-and-risk-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-mexico
#4
Selene Guerrero-Zúñiga, Elsa Berenice Gaona-Pineda, Lucía Cuevas-Nasu, Luis Torre-Bouscoulet, Margarita Reyes-Zúñiga, Teresa Shamah-Levy, Rogelio Perez-Padilla
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of sleep related symptoms (SRS) in Mexico, and their distribution by region, urbanization and gender. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study using a national probabilistic sample among adults over 20 years old. We applied the Berlin questionnaire for sleep apnea risk (OSA) and questions on sleep duration, insomnia and sedative use. RESULTS: The most frequent SRS were snoring 48.5% and difficulty falling asleep 36...
May 2018: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737095/-prevalence-and-determinants-of-depressive-symptoms-in-middle-and-senior-aged-populations-with-visual-impairment
#5
Zhan Yang, Yin Liu, Wen-Jie Zhang, Ning-Xiu Li
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and determinants of depressive symptoms in visually impaired mid- and old-aged populations. METHODS: Data were extracted from the 2013 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study database. A total of 1 462 mid- and old-aged respondents reported visual problems. Depressive symptoms were measured using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale. Chi-square tests and binary logistic regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with the prevalence of depressive symptoms...
January 2018: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724218/potential-effect-of-household-environment-on-prevalence-of-tuberculosis-in-india-evidence-from-the-recent-round-of-a-cross-sectional-survey
#6
S K Singh, Gyan Chandra Kashyap, Parul Puri
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) has been a major health problem globally since ages, and even today, it is a major cause of morbidity in millions of people each year. In 2015 alone, TB accounted for about 1.4 million deaths globally, with India carrying the biggest burden of the disease. The physical environment of the household, an individual living in, has a significant influence on the incidence of TB. Thus, an understanding of the socio-economic, demographic and environmental factors that individuals are exposed to is of importance...
May 3, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706053/night-shift-preparation-performance-and-perception-are-there-differences-between-emergency-medicine-nurses-residents-and-faculty
#7
John R Richards, Taylor L Stayton, Jason A Wells, Aman K Parikh, Erik G Laurin
Objective: Determine differences between faculty, residents, and nurses regarding night shift preparation, performance, recovery, and perception of emotional and physical health effects. Methods: Survey study performed at an urban university medical center emergency department with an accredited residency program in emergency medicine. Results: Forty-seven faculty, 37 residents, and 90 nurses completed the survey. There was no difference in use of physical sleep aids between groups, except nurses utilized blackout curtains more (69%) than residents (60%) and faculty (45%)...
April 30, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700931/are-older-australians-with-chronic-diseases-online
#8
Pippa Burns, Sandra C Jones, Peter Caputi, Don Iverson
ISSUE ADDRESSED: Health information can be easily and cheaply provided through the Internet. However, we do not know whether older adults, those people most likely to be living with a chronic disease, are online or whether they use the Internet to find health information. METHODS: In order to establish the proportion of older Australians online, the impact of their current health status and chronic disease diagnosis on Internet usage and whether they use the Internet to search for health information, a paper-based survey was developed and mailed to 9000 older adults, resident in New South Wales, Australia (response rate = 46...
April 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687979/evaluating-the-association-between-artificial-light-at-night-exposure-and-breast-and-prostate-cancer-risk-in-spain-mcc-spain-study
#9
Ariadna Garcia-Saenz, Alejandro Sánchez de Miguel, Ana Espinosa, Antonia Valentin, Núria Aragonés, Javier Llorca, Pilar Amiano, Vicente Martín Sánchez, Marcela Guevara, Rocío Capelo, Adonina Tardón, Rosana Peiró-Perez, José Juan Jiménez-Moleón, Aina Roca-Barceló, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Trinidad Dierssen-Sotos, Tania Fernández-Villa, Conchi Moreno-Iribas, Victor Moreno, Javier García-Pérez, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Marina Pollán, Martin Aubé, Manolis Kogevinas
BACKGROUND: Night shift work, exposure to light at night (ALAN) and circadian disruption may increase the risk of hormone-dependent cancers. OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the association of exposure to ALAN during sleeping time with breast and prostate cancer in a population based multicase-control study (MCC-Spain), among subjects who had never worked at night. We evaluated chronotype, a characteristic that may relate to adaptation to light at night. METHODS: We enrolled 1,219 breast cancer cases, 1,385 female controls, 623 prostate cancer cases, and 879 male controls from 11 Spanish regions in 2008-2013...
April 23, 2018: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622472/sleep-disorders-in-a-sample-of-students-in-taif-university-saudi-arabia-the-role-of-obesity-insulin-resistance-anemia-and-high-altitude
#10
Ahmed M Kabel, Amani M Al Thumali, Khayriah A Aldowiala, Raghad D Habib, Shoroq S Aljuaid
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of sleep disorders and excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) among Taif University students and to explore the precipitating factors of these disorders. METHODS: This study was carried out on 1066 students in Taif University of both sexes aging from 18 to 25 years. All included individuals were subjected to full history taking and thorough clinical examination, with special concern on anthropometric measurements (weight, height, waist-to-hip ratio and body mass index)...
March 27, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619354/canadian-plastic-surgery-resident-work-hour-restrictions-practices-and-perceptions-of-residents-and-program-directors
#11
Colin W McInnes, Joshua Vorstenbosch, Ryan Chard, Sarvesh Logsetty, Edward W Buchel, Avinash Islur
Background: The impact of resident work hour restrictions on training and patient care remains a highly controversial topic, and to date, there lacks a formal assessment as it pertains to Canadian plastic surgery residents. Objective: To characterize the work hour profile of Canadian plastic surgery residents and assess the perspectives of residents and program directors regarding work hour restrictions related to surgical competency, resident wellness, and patient safety...
February 2018: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607220/remember-the-drive-home-an-assessment-of-emergency-providers-sleep-deficit
#12
Brian A Ferguson, Hugh W Shoff, Jennifer E McGowan, Martin R Huecker
Objective: Sleep deprivation decreases work performance and predisposes workers to deleterious health outcomes. We sought to evaluate sleep hygiene and fatigue among emergency physicians. Methods: In March-June 2016, physicians and residents at an academic emergency medicine program were invited to complete a survey evaluating sleep and alertness. Results: Six attending physicians and 26 residents completed the survey. Among six personal priorities, sleep ranked fourth behind family, work, and leisure...
2018: Emergency Medicine International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587738/the-relationship-between-long-working-hours-and-depression-among-first-year-residents-in-japan
#13
Ryoko Ogawa, Emiko Seo, Takami Maeno, Makoto Ito, Masaru Sanuki, Tetsuhiro Maeno
BACKGROUND: In Japan, some residents develop mental health problems. In previous studies, it was reported that long working hours might be a cause of stress reaction such as depression. There were some reports that compared residents with 80 or more working hours with those with less than 80 working hours. However, many residents are practically detained for extra-long time, designated as 100 h or more per week, for medical practice, training, self-study, etc. There have been few reports on extra-long hours of work...
March 27, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581089/evaluation-of-an-internet-based-behavioral-intervention-to-improve-psychosocial-health-outcomes-in-children-with-insomnia-better-nights-better-days-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Penny V Corkum, Graham J Reid, Wendy A Hall, Roger Godbout, Robyn Stremler, Shelly K Weiss, Reut Gruber, Manisha Witmans, Christine T Chambers, Esmot Ara Begum, Pantelis Andreou, Gabrielle Rigney
BACKGROUND: Up to 25% of 1- to 10-year-old children experience insomnia (ie, resisting bedtime, trouble falling asleep, night awakenings, and waking too early in the morning). Insomnia can be associated with excessive daytime sleepiness and negative effects on daytime functioning across multiple domains (eg, behavior, mood, attention, and learning). Despite robust evidence supporting the effectiveness of behavioral treatments for insomnia in children, very few children with insomnia receive these treatments, primarily due to a shortage of available treatment resources...
March 26, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569562/a-new-tool-to-adapt-the-treatment-of-parkinson-s-disease-patients-in-nursing-homes
#15
Christian Geny, Claudia Verna, Alexia Arifi, Ernestine Ferreira, Choukri Boubakri, Hubert Blain
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a common condition in nursing home (NH) residents. The primary treatment for Parkinson's disease is levodopa therapy to relieve motor symptoms and maximize physical function. Non-motor symptoms are highly prevalent in NH residents with Parkinson's disease and dramatically decrease quality of life. Choices in drug treatment need to take into account the complex interactions between aging, comorbidity and non-motor symptoms. Optimal management requires expertise and cooperative effort from prescribing neurologists and nursing home health professionals...
March 1, 2018: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569174/relationship-between-organizational-culture-and-the-use-of-psychotropic-medicines-in-nursing-homes-a-systematic-integrative-review
#16
REVIEW
Mouna Sawan, Yun-Hee Jeon, Timothy F Chen
BACKGROUND: Psychotropic medicines are commonly used in nursing homes, despite marginal clinical benefits and association with harm in the elderly. Organizational culture is proposed as a factor explaining the high-level use of psychotropic medicines. Schein describes three levels of culture: artifacts, espoused values, and basic assumptions. OBJECTIVE: This integrative review aimed to investigate the facets and role of organizational culture in the use of psychotropic medicines in nursing homes...
March 22, 2018: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563027/effect-of-a-robotic-seal-on-the-motor-activity-and-sleep-patterns-of-older-people-with-dementia-as-measured-by-wearable-technology-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Wendy Moyle, Cindy Jones, Jenny Murfield, Lukman Thalib, Elizabeth Beattie, David Shum, Siobhan O'Dwyer, M Cindy Mervin, Brian Draper
OBJECTIVES: The robotic seal, PARO, has been used as an alternative to animal-assisted therapies with residents with dementia in long-term care, yet understanding of its efficacy is limited by a paucity of research. We explored the effects of PARO on motor activity and sleep patterns, as measured by a wearable triaxial accelerometer. STUDY DESIGN: Cluster-randomised controlled trial, involving 28 facilities in Queensland, Australia. Nine facilities were randomised to the PARO group (individual, non-facilitated, 15-min sessions three afternoons per week for 10 weeks), 10 to a plush toy (PARO with robotic features disabled) and nine to usual care...
April 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561769/black-white-differences-in-housing-type-and-sleep-duration-as-well-as-sleep-difficulties-in-the-united-states
#18
Dayna A Johnson, Roland J Thorpe, John A McGrath, W Braxton Jackson, Chandra L Jackson
Housing environments can directly and indirectly affect sleep, and blacks are more likely than whites to live in suboptimal housing conditions, which may independently contribute to sleep disparities. However, few large-scale epidemiological studies consider the potential influence of housing type on sleep health. Using data from the 2004-2015 National Health Interview Survey, we investigated overall and Black-White differences in the association between housing type (house/apartment versus mobile home/trailer) and sleep duration as well as sleep difficulties among 226,208 adults in the U...
March 21, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555124/historical-neighborhood-poverty-trajectories-and-child-sleep
#19
Connor Sheehan, Daniel Powers, Claire Margerison-Zilko, Teresa McDevitt, Catherine Cubbin
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether historical neighborhood poverty measures are associated with mothers' reports of their children's sleep duration and to compare results from historical neighborhood poverty measures to contemporaneous measures of neighborhood poverty. DESIGN: The Geographic Research on Wellbeing (GROW) study is a follow-up survey of mothers who gave birth between 2003 and 2007. GROW mothers assessed their own and their children's health and health behaviors 5-10 years later (2012-2013)...
April 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552687/sleep-activity-and-fatigue-reported-by-postgraduate-year-1-residents-a-prospective-cohort-study-comparing-the-effects-of-night-float-versus-traditional-overnight-on-call
#20
Jia Ming Low, Mae Yue Tan, Kay Choong See, Marion M Aw
INTRODUCTION: As traditional overnight on-call was shown to contribute to fatigue, Singapore moved to implement a shift system in 2014. We aimed to compare activity levels, sleep (using a wrist actigraph), fatigue and professional quality-of-life between residents working on night-float and those working on traditional overnight on-call. METHODS: All postgraduate year 1 (PGY1) residents at our institution were invited to participate. Participants were required to wear a wrist actigraph for four months, and complete two validated surveys (Epworth Sleepiness Scale [ESS] and Professional Quality of Life Scale [ProQOL]) once each at the start and at the end of study...
March 19, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
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