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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690431/a-protocol-demonstrating-60-different-drosophila-behaviors-in-one-assay
#1
Claire E McKellar, Robert A Wyttenbach
The fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster performs many behaviors, from simple motor actions to complex social interactions, that are of interest to neurobiologists studying how the brain controls behavior. Here, an undergraduate laboratory exercise uses cutting-edge methods to activate sets of neurons thermogenetically, triggering 60 different behaviors. Students learn how to recognize this large repertoire of behaviors from 16 fly strains that are publicly available, and from a large set of training videos provided here...
2017: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662834/an-app-with-remote-support-achieves-better-adherence-to-home-exercise-programs-than-paper-handouts-in-people-with-musculoskeletal-conditions-a-randomised-trial
#2
Tara E Lambert, Lisa A Harvey, Christos Avdalis, Lydia W Chen, Sayanthinie Jeyalingam, Carin A Pratt, Holly J Tatum, Jocelyn L Bowden, Barbara R Lucas
QUESTION: Do people with musculoskeletal conditions better adhere to their home exercise programs when these are provided to them on an app with remote support compared to paper handouts? DESIGN: Randomised, parallel-group trial with intention-to-treat analysis. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty participants with upper or lower limb musculoskeletal conditions were recruited to the trial. Each participant was prescribed a 4-week home exercise program by a physiotherapist at a tertiary teaching hospital in Australia...
July 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662263/the-evolution-of-a-writing-program
#3
Bonnie J White, Karen S Lamson
BACKGROUND: Scholarly writing is required in nursing, and some students are unable to communicate effectively through writing. Faculty members may struggle with the grading of written assignments. A writing team, consisting of a nursing faculty member, the school of nursing library liaison, and members from academic support services, implemented strategies including workshops, handouts, and use of exemplars to improve student writing and to provide support to faculty. Few students sought help from the writing team...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657896/the-effect-of-a-patient-education-intervention-on-knowledge-and-venous-ulcer-recurrence-results-of-a-prospective-intervention-and-retrospective-analysis
#4
Arturo Gonzalez
Patient education may help reduce the recurrence of venous ulcers. To examine the effectiveness of a home-based patient education program on disease and self-care knowledge and ulcer recurrence rates, a prospective study and retrospective analysis of patient outcomes was conducted among 3 groups of patients. Group A (n = 28) had received the education intervention and assessments as part of an earlier study and were recruited to participate in a 36-week follow-up.Group B patients (n = 22) participated in the prospective component of this study and were assessed after 2, 9, and 36 weeks...
June 2017: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653221/effect-of-an-obesity-best-practice-alert-on-physician-documentation-and-referral-practices
#5
Stephanie L Fitzpatrick, Kirsten Dickins, Elizabeth Avery, Jennifer Ventrelle, Aaron Shultz, Ekta Kishen, Steven Rothschild
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Electronic Health Record Meaningful Use Incentive Program requires physicians to document body mass index (BMI) and a follow-up treatment plan for adult patients with BMI ≥ 25. To examine the effect of a best practice alert on physician documentation of obesity-related care and referrals to weight management treatment, in a cluster-randomized design, 14 primary care clinics at an academic medical center were randomized to best practice alert intervention (n = 7) or comparator (n = 7)...
June 26, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640166/missing-documentation-in-breast-cancer-survivors-genitourinary-syndrome-of-menopause
#6
Elise D Cook, Elena I Iglehart, George Baum, Leslie L Schover, Lonzetta L Newman
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer survivors often take hormonal treatments to prevent the recurrence of breast cancer, particularly aromatase inhibitors that can worsen the symptoms of genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) such as dyspareunia, dysuria, and urinary incontinence, all of which may adversely affect survivors' quality of life. Few breast cancer survivors experiencing GSM receive adequate assessment or treatment. METHODS: In this descriptive study, we reviewed medical records for documented GSM and any treatments administered or referrals for treatment in 800 female patients who visited the Breast Cancer Survivorship Clinic at a comprehensive cancer center between July 1, 2010 and June 30, 2011, either at least 5 years after completion of treatment for invasive breast cancer or at least 6 months after completion of treatment for ductal carcinoma in situ...
June 19, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610484/a-nutritional-intervention-programme-at-a-worksite-canteen-to-promote-a-healthful-lifestyle-inspired-by-the-traditional-mediterranean-diet
#7
Marilena Vitale, Marta A Bianchi, Valeria Rapetti, Josè M Pepe, Angela Giacco, Rosalba Giacco, Gabriele Riccardi
This study investigates the effectiveness and long-term impact on the composition of the habitual diet of a nutritional intervention programme - undertaken through panels, totems, and table mats or handout leaflets - based on the promotion at a worksite canteen of healthy food-choices resembling the traditional Mediterranean diet. A significantly higher choice of dishes based on wholegrain cereals, legumes, white meat and fish, and a lower choice of dishes based on refined cereals, red and processed meat, eggs and cheese was observed at the end of the intervention and after six months and three years of follow-ups...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601957/examining-the-effect-of-peer-helping-in-a-coping-skills-intervention-a-randomized-controlled-trial-for-advanced-gastrointestinal-cancer-patients-and-their-family-caregivers
#8
Catherine E Mosher, Ekin Secinti, Shelley A Johns, Bert H O'Neil, Paul R Helft, Safi Shahda, Shadia I Jalal, Victoria L Champion
PURPOSE: At the end of life, spiritual well-being is a central aspect of quality of life for many patients and their family caregivers. A prevalent spiritual value in advanced cancer patients is the need to actively give. To address this need, the current randomized trial examined whether adding a peer helping component to a coping skills intervention leads to improved meaning in life and peace for advanced gastrointestinal cancer patients and their caregivers. Feasibility and acceptability outcomes were also assessed...
June 10, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582256/internet-based-exercise-therapy-using-algorithms-for-conservative-treatment-of-anterior-knee-pain-a-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Tae Won Benjamin Kim, Nic Gay, Arpit Khemka, Jonathan Garino
BACKGROUND: Conservative treatment remains the first-line option, and there is significant medical evidence showing that home-based exercise therapy for the treatment of common causes of knee pain is effective. SimpleTherapy created an online platform that delivers Internet-based exercise therapy for common causes of knee pain. The system is driven by an algorithm that can process the user's feedback to provide an adaptive exercise regimen. This triple-armed, pragmatic randomized pilot was designed to evaluate if this telerehabilitation platform is safe and effective...
December 14, 2016: JMIR Rehabil Assist Technol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562814/comprehension-of-the-education-handout-and-health-literacy-of-pacemaker-users
#10
Jackelline Evellin Moreira Dos Santos, Virginia Visconde Brasil, Katarinne Lima Moraes, Jacqueline Andréia Bernardes Leão Cordeiro, Gabriela Ferreira de Oliveira, Carla de Paula Bernardes, Bárbara Ribeiro Miquelin Bueno, Rafaela Peres Boaventura, Fernanda Alves Ferreira Gonçalves, Lizete Malagoni de Almeida Cavalcante Oliveira, Maria Alves Barbosa, Antonio Márcio Teodoro Cordeiro Silva
Objective: To verify the comprehension of the education handout and the level of Functional Health Literacy of individuals with cardiac pacemaker (PM) and whether there is correlation between the comprehension and Functional Health Literacy (FHL). Method: Cross-sectional study with 63 individuals with PM who answered to comprehension tests of the handout, literacy assessment (SAHLPA-50) and cognition (MMSE). Measurements of dispersion, Pearson correlation and multiple linear regression were calculated...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541815/occupational-skin-disease-prevention-an-educational-intervention-for-hairdresser-cosmetology-students
#11
Kara Haughtigan, Eve Main, Tonya Bragg-Underwood, Cecilia Watkins
Cosmetologists frequently develop occupational skin disease related to workplace exposures. The purpose of this study was to evaluate an educational intervention to increase cosmetology students' occupational skin disease knowledge and use of preventive practices. A quasi-experimental design was used to evaluate students' knowledge, behaviors, intentions, expectancies, and expectations. A 20-minute verbal presentation and printed two-page educational handout were provided for participants. Statistically significant increases in knowledge, frequency of glove use, and frequency of moisturizer use were found, but the frequency of handwashing did not increase...
May 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539065/cartoon-versus-traditional-self-study-handouts-for-medical-students-cartoon-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Detajin Junhasavasdikul, Kanokporn Sukhato, Suthan Srisangkaew, Nawanan Theera-Ampornpunt, Thunyarat Anothaisintawee, Alan Dellow
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to compare the effectiveness of a "cartoon-style" handout with a "traditional-style" handout in a self-study assignment for preclinical medical students. METHODS: Third-year medical students (n = 93) at the Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, took a pre-learning assessment of their knowledge of intercostal chest drainage. They were then randomly allocated to receive either a "cartoon-style" or a "traditional-style" handout on the same topic...
May 24, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460149/the-parented-outline-for-observing-hospitalized-pediatric-patients-and-their-families
#13
Amy L Tremain
The PARENTED outline (a mnemonic device) and the companion Parenting Landscape handout are proposed tools for clinical use that were developed as an outgrowth of clinical experience with hospitalized pediatric mental health patients and their families in combination with family systems theories of Minuchin and Bowen, Ainsworth and Bowlby's attachment theory, and Erikson's stages of development. The tools contain eight categories of observable, typical family interactions that a nurse on an inpatient mental health unit may encounter...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455174/improving-adult-immunization-equity-where-do-the-published-research-literature-and-existing-resources-lead
#14
REVIEW
Wendy Prins, Emily Butcher, Laura Lee Hall, Gary Puckrein, Bernard Rosof
Evidence suggests that disparities in adult immunization (AI) rates are growing. Providers need adequate patient resources and information about successful interventions to help them engage in effective practices to reduce AI disparities. The primary purposes of this paper were to review and summarize the evidence base regarding interventions to reduce AI disparities and to scan for relevant resources that could support providers in their AI efforts to specifically target disparities. First, building on a literature review conducted by the U...
April 25, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434454/measuring-to-improve-medication-reconciliation-in-a-large-subspecialty-outpatient-practice
#15
Elizabeth Kern, Meg B Dingae, Esther L Langmack, Candace Juarez, Gary Cott, Sarah K Meadows
BACKGROUND: To assess performance in medication reconciliation (med rec)-the process of comparing and reconciling patients' medication lists at clinical transition points-and demonstrate improvement in an outpatient setting, sustainable and valid measures are needed. METHODS: An interdisciplinary team at National Jewish Health (Denver) attempted to improve med rec in an ambulatory practice serving patients with respiratory and related diseases. Interventions, which were aimed at physicians, nurses (RNs), and medical assistants, involved changes in practice and changes in documentation in the electronic health record (EHR)...
May 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413842/-i-do-not-have-time-is-there-a-handout-i-can-use-combining-physicians-needs-and-behavior-change-theory-to-put-physical-activity-evidence-into-practice
#16
R E Clark, C McArthur, A Papaioannou, A M Cheung, J Laprade, L Lee, R Jain, L M Giangregorio
Guidelines for physical activity exist and following them would improve health. Physicians can advise patients on physical activity. We found barriers related to physicians' knowledge, a lack of tools and of physician incentives, and competing demands for limited time with a patient. We discuss interventions that could reduce these barriers. INTRODUCTION: Uptake of physical activity (PA) guidelines would improve health and reduce mortality in older adults. However, physicians face barriers in guideline implementation, particularly when faced with needing to tailor recommendations in the presence of chronic disease...
April 17, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371554/adapting-an-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-parent-training-intervention-to-different-cultural-contexts-the-experience-of-implementing-the-new-forest-parenting-programme-in-china-denmark-hong-kong-japan-and-the-united-kingdom
#17
Margaret J J Thompson, Alma Au, Cathy Laver-Bradbury, Anne-Mette Lange, Gail Tripp, Shizuka Shimabukuro, Jin S Zhang, Lan Shuai, Catherine E Thompson, David Daley, Edmund J Sonuga-Barke
The New Forest Parenting Programme (NFPP) is a parenting program developed for parents who have a child with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is a manualized program that is delivered in a parent's home over 8 weeks, or in a group format, or through a self-help manual. Three randomized controlled trials have been carried out in the United Kingdom. The NFPP group has adapted the program according to feedback from parents and therapists, and for use with different populations, both within the United Kingdom and internationally...
March 2017: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365748/an-intervention-to-decrease-the-occurrence-of-invalid-data-on-neuropsychological-evaluation
#18
Michael David Horner, Travis H Turner, Kathryn K VanKirk, John H Denning
Objective: This study tested whether patients who were given a handout based on deterrence theory, immediately prior to evaluation, would provide invalid data less frequently than patients who were simply given an informational handout. Method: All outpatients seen for clinical evaluation in a VA Neuropsychology Clinic were randomly given one of the two handouts immediately prior to evaluation. The "Intervention" handout emphasized the importance of trying one's hardest, explicitly listed consequences of valid and invalid responding and asked patients to sign and initial it...
March 1, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304001/students-perceptions-of-usefulness-of-anatomy-demonstrations-in-traditional-and-hybrid-undergraduate-medical-education-curricula
#19
Ayesha Saba Naz, Rehana Rehman, Zehra Jamil, Khalid Ahmed, Ambreen Surti
A cross-sectional study was carried out to study students' perceptions on the usefulness of Anatomy demonstrations (AD) in the undergraduate medical education by comparing the Conventional Medical College (CMC) and problem-based learning as hybrid curriculum (HMC). Purposive sampling technique was used and all students were included. The completed questionnaire responses were returned by 92 CMC and 87 HMC students. CMC cohort understood the structural relationship more than HMC (p=0.03). AD helped 50 students (54%) of CMC to get through the theory examination, however 73 (84%) students of HMC found them useful in preparation for theory examinations (p<0...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253409/enhancing-care-for-hospitalized-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease-development-of-a-formal-educational-program-for-nursing-staff
#20
Mary C DiBartolo
Although not generally a primary admission diagnosis, Parkinson's disease (PD) can be a significant comorbidity during hospitalization. Hospitalized individuals with PD can experience a variety of complications, such as confusion, pneumonia, and urinary infections. More than 20% of patients experience deterioration in symptoms and hospital stays are extended by an average of 4 days. Late, omitted, or inappropriate medications are frequent culprits leading to serious consequences, including falls and aspiration...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
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