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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344458/case-based-learning-in-microbiology-observations-from-a-north-west-indian-medical-college
#1
Anita Singhal
Background: Microbiology is usually taught by conventional lectures, and its retention and application is observed to be poor among medical graduates/practitioners. Aim and Objectives: Introduction of case-based learning (CBL) in microbiology for second-year professional MBBS students. Materials and Methods: Students were divided into two groups of fifty each. Four clinical cases were used for CBL. One group had two CBL sessions whereas the other had didactic lectures (DLs) and then the groups were crossed over...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330242/patient-perspectives-on-discussions-of-electronic-cigarettes-in-primary-care
#2
Mark P Doescher, Ming Wu, Elizabeth Rainwater, Ali S Khan, Dorothy A Rhoades
PURPOSE: Patient preferences regarding the role of the primary care provider (PCP) in discussing electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use are unknown. METHODS: We administered a cross-sectional survey to 568 adult patients in a family medicine clinic to explore e-cigarette use, sources of information on e-cigarettes, perceived knowledge about e-cigarette health effects, views regarding PCP knowledge of e-cigarettes, interest in discussing e-cigarettes with PCPs and preferred format for e-cigarette information...
January 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298112/antineoplastic-agents-and-in-fertility-informing-patients-to-improve-decisions
#3
Cristina Silva, Ana Teresa Almeida-Santos, Cláudia Melo, Ana Cristina Ribeiro Rama
PURPOSE: Infertility is a potential adverse effect of cancer treatment, and future fertility is an important issue for cancer patients. In Portugal, the Centre for Fertility Preservation of CHUC, EPE, conducted a project to develop and disseminate oncofertility information resources. In this study, we report the results of the specific component of this program, which intended to produce information resources that promote patients' awareness of the subject and to support decisions concerning fertility preservation...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290242/perspectives-on-implementing-quality-improvement-collaboratives-effectively-qualitative-findings-from-the-chipra-quality-demonstration-grant-program
#4
Rachel A Burton, Rebecca A Peters, Kelly J Devers
BACKGROUND: The most frequently pursued intervention in the $100 million, 18-state Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2009 (CHIPRA) quality demonstration (2010-2015) was quality improvement collaboratives, which 12 states offered to more than 300 primary care practices. A study was conducted to identify which aspects of these collaboratives were viewed by organizers and participants as working well and which were not. METHODS: Some 223 interviews were conducted in these states near the end of their collaboratives...
January 2018: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246348/effectiveness-of-a-pediatric-primary-care-intervention-to-increase-maternal-folate-use-results-from-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Nymisha Chilukuri, Tina L Cheng, Kevin J Psoter, Kamila B Mistry, Katherine A Connor, Daniel J Levy, Krishna K Upadhya
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of provision of folate vitamins and a preconception health intervention on folate use among mothers bringing infants to pediatric primary care. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cluster randomized trial in mothers presenting with their infants (<12 months) at 4 urban pediatric practices in the Baltimore, Maryland, metropolitan area. There were 45 clinicians randomized into an intervention group (15-item preconception health screening and counseling and 90-day multivitamin supply) and control group (preconception health and community resource handouts and 90-day multivitamin supply)...
January 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233406/common-teaching-activities-and-self-perceived-teaching-proficiency-in-pgy2-residencies
#6
Lisa Smith, Benjamin Kyle Hansen, Emily Heubel
OBJECTIVE: To describe common teaching activities included in post-graduate residencies, identify residents' self-perceived ability to perform the activities, and report characteristics of residents who did not feel post-graduate residency training prepared them for an academic career. METHODS: Residency Directors of PGY-2 ASHP-accredited U.S. residency programs in the July 2013-June 2014 cycle were asked to forward a 16-item online survey to PGY-2 residents. The survey was designed to determine teaching activities from a list of 21 common activities and measure self-perception of skill development...
March 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227743/the-impact-of-latino-values-and-cultural-beliefs-on-brain-donation-results-of-a-pilot-study-to-develop-culturally-appropriate-materials-and-methods-to-increase-rates-of-brain-donation-in-this-under-studied-patient-group
#7
Ann Choryan Bilbrey, Marika B Humber, Edward D Plowey, Iliana Garcia, Lakshmi Chennapragada, Kanchi Desai, Allyson Rosen, Nusha Askari, Dolores Gallagher-Thompson
OBJECTIVES: Increasing the number of Latino persons with dementia who consent to brain donation (BD) upon death is an important public health goal that has not yet been realized. This study identified the need for culturally sensitive materials to answer questions and support the decision-making process for the family. METHODS: Information about existing rates of BD was obtained from the Alzheimer's Disease Centers. Several methods of data collection (query NACC database, contacting Centers, focus groups, online survey, assessing current protocol and materials) were used to give the needed background to create culturally appropriate BD materials...
September 15, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180162/using-a-community-theatre-as-a-self-directed-introductory-pharmacy-practice-experience-sd-ippe-site
#8
Thomas S Franko
OBJECTIVE: To describe a novel setting and method for self-directed introductory pharmacy practice experiences (SD IPPE). METHODS: Students presented health care information relative to the plot of a production at a local community theater throughout the season. Students developed a poster and handout that were presented in the theater lobby prior to each production. ASSESSMENT: A six-question survey was provided to students after each presentation that identified their perceived benefit to play patrons and their overall experience using a 5-point Likert scale...
January 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169952/development-and-face-validation-of-a-virtual-reality-epley-maneuver-system-vrems-for-home-epley-treatment-of-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Reza Tabanfar, Harley H L Chan, Vincent Lin, Trung Le, Jonathan C Irish
PURPOSE: To develop and validate a smartphone based Virtual Reality Epley Maneuver System (VREMS) for home use. METHODS: A smartphone application was designed to produce stereoscopic views of a Virtual Reality (VR) environment, which when viewed after placing a smartphone in a virtual reality headset, allowed the user to be guided step-by-step through the Epley maneuver in a VR environment. Twenty healthy participants were recruited and randomized to undergo either assisted Epleys or self-administered Epleys following reading instructions from an Instructional Handout (IH)...
November 14, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166141/adherence-to-the-wcrf-aicr-for-women-in-breast-cancer-adjuvant-treatment-submitted-to-educational-nutritional-intervention
#10
Sheyla de Liz, Francilene Gracieli Kunradi Vieira, Maria Alice Altenburg de Assis, Alyne Lizane Cardoso, Clarice Perucchi Lopes Pazini, Patricia Faria Di Pietro
Patients undergoing breast cancer treatment are susceptible to changes in eating behavior and nutrition status, thus making nutrition education relevant. Based on the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) guide, with recommendations for cancer prevention released in 2007, the present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of educational nutritional intervention for women with breast cancer undergoing treatment while adhering to the 2007 WCRF/AICR guidelines. A nonrandomized clinical trial was conducted with a population composed of female patients, divided in intervention (IG, n = 18) and comparison (CG, n = 68) groups...
November 22, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152732/in-home-salivary-melatonin-collection-methodology-for-children-and-adolescents
#11
Belinda N Mandrell, Yvonne Avent, Breya Walker, Megan Loew, Brooklee Lightsey Tynes, Valerie McLaughlin Crabtree
In-home salivary collection quality and adherence to a prescribed collection methodology for evaluation of dim light melatonin onset (DLMO) is unknown in children. Primary aims of this study were to 1) describe a novel family centered methodology for in-home salivary collection; 2) determine the acceptance and feasibility of this methodology; 3) measure adherence to collection instructions; and 4) identify patterns between participants' age and quality of samples collected. After receiving instructional handouts from the study team, families utilized in-home salivary melatonin collection...
November 20, 2017: Developmental Psychobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147880/targeted-physician-education-and-standardizing-documentation-improves-documented-reporting-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-quality-measures-in-a-large-academic-and-private-practice
#12
Joseph D Feuerstein, Konstantinos Papamichael, Sara Popejoy, Adam Nadelson, Jeffrey J Lewandowski, Kathy Geissler, Manuel Martinez-Vazquez, Daniel A Leffler, Kim Ariyabuddhiphongs, Chandrashekhar Thukral, Adam S Cheifetz
BACKGROUND: Prior studies have shown poor compliance with quality measures for IBD at academic and private practices. We sought to provide focused interventions to improve compliance and documentation with the IBD measures. METHODS: Two centers, academic practice (AP) and private practice (PP), initially reviewed their compliance with eight established IBD quality measures in consecutive charts. A multi-faceted intervention was developed to improve awareness and documentation of these measures...
November 17, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113137/multimodal-counseling-interventions-effect-on-human-papilloma-virus-vaccination-acceptance
#13
Oroma Nwanodi, Helen Salisbury, Curtis Bay
Human papilloma virus (HPV) vaccine was developed to reduce HPV-attributable cancers, external genital warts (EGW), and recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. Adolescent HPV vaccination series completion rates are less than 40% in the United States of America, but up to 80% in Australia and the United Kingdom. Population-based herd immunity requires 80% or greater vaccination series completion rates. Pro-vaccination counseling facilitates increased vaccination rates. Multimodal counseling interventions may increase HPV vaccination series non-completers' HPV-attributable disease knowledge and HPV-attributable disease prophylaxis (vaccination) acceptance over a brief 14-sentence counseling intervention...
November 6, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108443/translating-healthy-living-messages-to-postpartum-women-and-their-partners-after-gestational-diabetes-gdm-body-habitus-a1c-lifestyle-habits-and-program-engagement-results-from-the-families-defeating-diabetes-fdd-randomized-trial
#14
R McManus, D Miller, M Mottola, I Giroux, L Donovan
PURPOSE: The Families Defeating Diabetes intervention evaluated a postpartum healthy living program for women with recent gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Tertiary centers in London, Calgary, and Victoria, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Women with GDM and partners; 46% of eligible maternal participants agreed to participate. INTERVENTION: Interventional (INT) participants received a healthy living seminar at 3 months; access to a walking group/Website; biweekly e-mails...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105252/effectiveness-of-the-maximising-cognition-maxcog-information-resource-for-clients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-their-families
#15
Bridget Regan, Yvonne Wells
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a new information resource developed for clients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or early dementia and their family supporters. METHODS: A controlled group trial was undertaken comparing 40 clients and family supporters who received 'service as usual' followed by 40 clients and family supporters who received 'service as usual' plus the new information resource. Telephone interviews comprising open questions, ratings and a quality-of-life questionnaire were undertaken two to four weeks after the client's final feedback session...
November 3, 2017: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095247/spanish-language-pelvic-floor-disorders-patient-information-handouts-how-readable-are-they
#16
James Robb, Alex Mackay, Nancy Rondeau, Javier Palomino, Zuber D Mulla, T Ignacio Montoya, Veronica T Mallett
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the readability of commonly available patient information materials for pelvic floor disorders written in Spanish and compare their readability based on type of content and source. METHODS: Spanish patient information handouts, including pamphlets from the National Institutes of Health, International Urogynecology Association, American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, online printable handouts, and industry-sponsored brochures were assessed for readability...
October 31, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091982/do-bedside-visual-tools-improve-patient-and-caregiver-satisfaction-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#17
Anupama A Goyal, Komalpreet Tur, Jason Mann, Whitney Townsend, Scott A Flanders, Vineet Chopra
BACKGROUND: Although common, the impact of low-cost bedside visual tools, such as whiteboards, on patient care is unclear. PURPOSE: To systematically review the literature and assess the influence of bedside visual tools on patient satisfaction. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, SCOPUS, Web of Science, CINAHL, and CENTRAL. DATA EXTRACTION: Studies of adult or pediatric hospitalized patients reporting physician identification, understanding of provider roles, patient-provider communication, and satisfaction with care from the use of visual tools were included...
November 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074643/the-involvement-of-adolescents-with-chronic-health-conditions-in-medical-education-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#18
Katherine A Moreau, Kaylee Eady
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we explored the involvement of adolescents with chronic health conditions in medical education. We focused specifically on adolescents' desired level of involvement in the education of medical students and residents, strategies for involving them in it, and topics on which they would feel comfortable educating these learners. METHODS: We used a community-based participatory research approach and qualitative one-on-one semistructured interviews...
November 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066616/precommitting-to-choose-wisely-about-low-value-services-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-trial
#19
Jeffrey Todd Kullgren, Erin Krupka, Abigail Schachter, Ariel Linden, Jacquelyn Miller, Yubraj Acharya, James Alford, Richard Duffy, Julia Adler-Milstein
BACKGROUND: Little is known about how to discourage clinicians from ordering low-value services. Our objective was to test whether clinicians committing their future selves (ie, precommitting) to follow Choosing Wisely recommendations with decision supports could decrease potentially low-value orders. METHODS: We conducted a 12-month stepped wedge cluster randomised trial among 45 primary care physicians and advanced practice providers in six adult primary care clinics of a US community group practice...
October 24, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042471/measuring-patient-perception-of-quality-in-a-radiology-department-by-adapting-a-standardized-industry-proven-tool
#20
Farouk Dako, Rick Wray, Omer Awan, Rathan M Subramaniam
Introduction: Our study quantitatively measures patient perception of quality and satisfaction in a PET-CT center at the point of care using a psychometrically validated questionnaire, SERVPERF, to guide subsequent quality improvement interventions. SERVPERF is a survey instrument that captures service quality by measuring performance of various services. It has demonstrated reliability and validity across various industries including healthcare, banking, transportation, telecommunication and higher education...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology
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