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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895522/effects-of-tai-chi-chuan-on-anxiety-and-sleep-quality-in-young-adults-lessons-from-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility-study
#1
Karen L Caldwell, Shawn M Bergman, Scott R Collier, N Travis Triplett, Rebecca Quin, John Bergquist, Carl F Pieper
OBJECTIVE: To determine feasibility and estimate the effect of a 10-week tai chi chuan (TCC) intervention on anxiety and sleep quality in young adults. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-five adults (18-40 years) from a predominately undergraduate midsized university. METHODS: This was an assessor blinded, randomized feasibility trial, and participants were randomized into one of three groups: 10 weeks of TCC meeting 2 times per week, 10 weeks of TCC with a DVD of the curriculum, and control group receiving a handout on anxiety management...
2016: Nature and Science of Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879980/theory-based-interventions-for-contraception
#2
REVIEW
Laureen M Lopez, Thomas W Grey, Mario Chen, Elizabeth E Tolley, Laurie L Stockton
BACKGROUND: The explicit use of theory in research helps expand the knowledge base. Theories and models have been used extensively in HIV-prevention research and in interventions for preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The health behavior field uses many theories or models of change. However, many educational interventions addressing contraception have no explicit theoretical base. OBJECTIVES: To review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that tested a theoretical approach to inform contraceptive choice and encourage or improve contraceptive use...
November 23, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857260/sexual-health-exploring-patient-needs-and-healthcare-provider-comfort-and-knowledge
#3
Kristin Leonardi-Warren, Ian Neff, Mary Mancuso, Barbara Wenger, Michael Galbraith, Regina Fink
BACKGROUND: Sexual health is an important quality-of-life issue for many cancer survivors; however, this issue remains inadequately discussed by healthcare providers (HCPs) and patients. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to explore whether clinical oncology HCPs have adequate knowledge and are comfortable addressing sexual health issues, and to explore and describe patients' attitudes, beliefs, and informational needs regarding sexual health. METHODS: A survey was completed by HCPs and three patient focus groups were conducted to learn more about sexual health...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829748/attitude-and-awareness-of-general-dental-practitioners-toward-radiation-hazards-and-safety
#4
B S Aravind, E Tatu Joy, M Shashi Kiran, J Eugenia Sherubin, S Sajesh, P Redwin Dhas Manchil
AIM AND OBJECTIVE: The aim and objective is to evaluate the level of awareness and attitude about radiation hazards and safety practices among general dental practitioners in Trivandrum District, Kerala, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 300 general dental practitioners in Trivandrum District, Kerala, India. Postanswering the questions, a handout regarding radiation safety and related preventive measures was distributed to encourage radiation understanding and protection...
October 2016: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814722/implementation-of-the-tobacco-tactics-intervention-versus-usual-care-in-trinity-health-community-hospitals
#5
Sonia A Duffy, David L Ronis, Lee A Ewing, Andrea H Waltje, Stephanie V Hall, Patricia L Thomas, Christine M Olree, Kimberly A Maguire, Lisa Friedman, Sue Klotz, Neil Jordan, Gay L Landstrom
BACKGROUND: Guided by the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance (RE-AIM) implementation framework, a National Institutes of Health-sponsored study compared the nurse-administered Tobacco Tactics intervention to usual care. A prior paper describes the effectiveness of the Tobacco Tactics intervention. This subsequent paper provides data describing the remaining constructs of the RE-AIM framework. METHODS: This pragmatic study used a mixed methods, quasi-experimental design in five Michigan community hospitals of which three received the nurse-administered Tobacco Tactics intervention and two received usual care...
November 4, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803488/a-survey-of-introductory-statistics-courses-at-university-faculties-of-pharmaceutical-sciences-in-japan
#6
Mina Matsumura, Takuto Nakayama, Takashi Sozu
 A survey of introductory statistics courses at Japanese medical schools was published as a report in 2014. To obtain a complete understanding of the way in which statistics is taught at the university level in Japan, it is important to extend this survey to related fields, including pharmacy, dentistry, and nursing. The current study investigates the introductory statistics courses offered by faculties of pharmaceutical sciences (six-year programs) at Japanese universities, comparing the features of these courses with those studied in the survey of medical schools...
2016: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778452/improving-clean-catch-contamination-rates-a-prospective-interventional-cohort-study
#7
Sharon Teo, John A Cheek, Simon Craig
OBJECTIVES: The clean-catch method of urine collection carries a high contamination rate. This study aims to evaluate the effects on contamination rate of providing a parent handout and pre-made urine collection pack for clean-catch urine collection. METHODS: We conducted a single-centre prospective cohort interventional study in a tertiary paediatric ED. All children younger than 24 months who presented from April 2013 to June 2014 requiring a urine sample to be obtained were included...
October 24, 2016: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774682/evaluation-of-a-prison-occupational-therapy-informal-education-program-a-pilot-study
#8
Jeffrey L Crabtree, David Ohm, Jarrod M Wall, Joseph Ray
This pilot study explored the strengths and weaknesses of an informal education program and identified elements of the program valued by participants. Participants were men living in a minimum security prison who had been incarcerated for ten or more years. The outside researcher was joined by three former program participants as co-researchers. Together, they interviewed 27 residents who completed the informal education program. Interviews were transcribed and de-identified. Researchers used the summative content analysis approach to analyze the data...
December 2016: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763768/how-and-where-parents-of-infants-and-young-children-want-to-receive-nutrition-information
#9
Bria Dexter, Sarah Frank, Louise Seguin
PURPOSE: To understand how and where parents of infants and young children (children ≤5 years old) prefer to receive nutrition information. METHODS: A 1-page survey was developed and pilot tested at 2 community agencies. The final survey was distributed at 18 community health centres (CHCs) in Calgary and surrounding rural areas. Any parent attending a well-child visit (child ≤5 years old) was able to participate. RESULTS: Five hundred and twenty-nine surveys were completed...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757288/corrected-error-video-versus-a-physical-therapist-instructed-home-exercise-program-accuracy-of-performing-therapeutic-shoulder-exercises
#10
David J Berkoff, Kamesh Krishnamurthy, Jennifer Hopp, Laura Stanley, Ken Spores, David Braunreiter
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The accurate performance of physical therapy exercises can be difficult. In this evolving healthcare climate it is important to continually look for better methods to educate patients. The use of handouts, in-person demonstration, and video instruction are all potential avenues used to teach proper exercise form. The purpose of this study was to examine if a corrected error video (CEV) would be as effective as a single visit with a physical therapist (PT) to teach healthy subjects how to properly perform four different shoulder rehabilitation exercises...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692491/patient-and-family-communication-during-consultation-visits-the-effects-of-a-decision-aid-for-treatment-decision-making-for-localized-prostate-cancer
#11
Lixin Song, Christina Tyler, Margaret F Clayton, Eleanor Rodgiriguez-Rassi, Latorya Hill, Jinbing Bai, Raj Pruthi, Donald E Bailey
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the effects of a decision aid on improving patients' and family members' information giving and question asking during consultations for prostate cancer treatment decision-making. METHODS: This study is a secondary analysis of archived audio-recorded real-time consultation visits with participants from a randomized clinical trial. Participants were randomly assigned into three groups: TD-intervention targeted patient-only; TS-intervention targeted patients and family members; and control-a handout on staying healthy during treatment...
September 23, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587575/millennial-dental-hygiene-students-learning-preferences-compared-to-non-millennial-faculty-members-teaching-methods-a-national-study
#12
April M Turner, Thomas J Prihoda, Dana K English, Aubreé Chismark, Mary E Jacks
The aim of this study was to compare the learning preferences of millennial dental hygiene students (born between 1982 and 2002) in the U.S. with the teaching methods used by their non-millennial instructors. Cross-sectional surveys were developed with 21-item, five-point Likert scales to examine students' preferences for and faculty use of lecture, collaborative activities, technology, independent work, and group discussion. Surveys were emailed to U.S. dental hygiene program directors in September 2015. The respondents totaled 800 students and 343 faculty members-approximately 5% of all dental hygiene students and 6...
September 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570445/success-of-patient-training-in-improving-proficiency-of-eyedrop-administration-among-various-ophthalmic-patient-populations
#13
Alexander Feng, John O'Neill, Mitchell Holt, Catherine Georgiadis, Martha M Wright, Sandra R Montezuma
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the success and usefulness of patient education in eyedrop self-administration technique via an educational handout and a short instructional video. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective study that included 34 patients who were self-administering ophthalmic drops. Of the total patients included, 12% had used drops for <12 months, and 88% had used drops for >12 months. Average age of patients in the study was 67 years, with an age range of 19-91 years...
2016: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532144/the-effectiveness-of-interventions-to-meet-family-needs-of-critically-ill-patients-in-an-adult-intensive-care-unit-a-systematic-review-update
#14
Kate Kynoch, Anne Chang, Fiona Coyer, Annie McArdle
BACKGROUND: Attending to the needs of family members of critically ill patients is an important and necessary step in providing appropriate holistic care for both the patient and the family. Family interaction can significantly impact on the experience of critical illness, notwithstanding the challenge of meeting families' needs for many clinicians in the intensive care unit (ICU). Family needs have been extensively researched; however, a previous Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) systematic review was the first published systematic review recommending effective interventions for addressing family needs of critically ill patients in an acute intensive care setting...
March 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502759/internet-mindfulness-meditation-intervention-for-the-general-public-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Helané Wahbeh, Barry S Oken
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness meditation interventions improve a variety of health conditions and quality of life, are inexpensive, easy to implement, have minimal if any side effects, and engage patients to take an active role in their treatment. However, the group format can be an obstacle for many to take structured meditation programs. Internet Mindfulness Meditation Intervention (IMMI) is a program that could make mindfulness meditation accessible to all people who want and need to receive it...
August 8, 2016: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487960/readability-of-patient-education-materials-in-ophthalmology-a-single-institution-study-and-systematic-review
#16
Andrew M Williams, Kelly W Muir, Jullia A Rosdahl
BACKGROUND: Patient education materials should be written at a level that is understandable for patients with low health literacy. The aims of this study are (1) to review the literature on readability of ophthalmic patient education materials and (2) to evaluate and revise our institution's patient education materials about glaucoma using evidence-based guidelines on writing for patients with low health literacy. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted on the PubMed/MEDLINE database for studies that have evaluated readability level of ophthalmic patient education materials, and the reported readability scores were assessed...
2016: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27461368/how-variable-is-our-delivery-of-information-approaches-to-patient-education-about-oral-chemotherapy-in-the-pediatric-oncology-clinic
#17
Justine M Kahn, Uma H Athale, Luis A Clavell, Peter D Cole, Jean-Marie Leclerc, Caroline Laverdiere, Bruno Michon, Marshall A Schorin, Jennifer J G Welch, Stephen E Sallan, Lewis B Silverman, Kara M Kelly
In pediatric patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, adherence to oral chemotherapy relies largely on a parent's comprehension of the drug's indication and administration guidelines. We assessed how pediatric oncology providers educate families about oral chemotherapy. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 68 physicians and nurses from 9 institutions in the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Consortium. The inter-individual approach to patient education is variable and may consist of handouts, treatment calendars, and discussions...
July 23, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427848/assessment-of-response-to-providing-health-related-information-in-a-community-psychiatry-outpatient-setting
#18
Deepa Pawar, Ramin Mojtabai, Aviva Goldman, Donna Batkis, Kathleen Malloy, Bernadette Cullen
The objective of this study was to assess the subjective responses of patient and staff to the provision of health-related information in an outpatient psychiatric clinic. Simple educational information on healthy eating, exercising, and smoking cessation was provided in the waiting area of a clinic over the course of a year. This information took the form of educational handouts, educational DVDs, and monthly "special events" such as a poster competition for smoking cessation. In addition, patients were given an opportunity to attend free nutritional counseling sessions...
July 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403341/a-qualitative-study-to-examine-perceptions-and-barriers-to-appropriate-gestational-weight-gain-among-participants-in-the-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-program
#19
Loan Pham Kim, Maria Koleilat, Shannon E Whaley
Women of reproductive age are particularly at risk of obesity because of excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) and postpartum weight retention, resulting in poor health outcomes for both mothers and infants. The purpose of this qualitative study was to examine perceptions and barriers to GWG among low-income women in the WIC program to inform the development of an intervention study. Eleven focus groups were conducted and stratified by ethnicity, and each group included women of varying age, parity, and prepregnancy BMI ranges...
2016: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391371/internet-use-by-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-results-from-an-international-multisite-survey
#20
Rita Bauer, Jörn Conell, Tasha Glenn, Martin Alda, Raffaella Ardau, Bernhard T Baune, Michael Berk, Yuly Bersudsky, Amy Bilderbeck, Alberto Bocchetta, Letizia Bossini, Angela M Paredes Castro, Eric Yw Cheung, Caterina Chillotti, Sabine Choppin, Maria Del Zompo, Rodrigo Dias, Seetal Dodd, Anne Duffy, Bruno Etain, Andrea Fagiolini, Miryam Fernández Hernandez, Julie Garnham, John Geddes, Jonas Gildebro, Ana Gonzalez-Pinto, Guy M Goodwin, Paul Grof, Hirohiko Harima, Stefanie Hassel, Chantal Henry, Diego Hidalgo-Mazzei, Vaisnvy Kapur, Girish Kunigiri, Beny Lafer, Erik R Larsen, Ute Lewitzka, Rasmus W Licht, Anne Hvenegaard Lund, Blazej Misiak, Scott Monteith, Rodrigo Munoz, Takako Nakanotani, René E Nielsen, Claire O'Donovan, Yasushi Okamura, Yamima Osher, Patryk Piotrowski, Andreas Reif, Philipp Ritter, Janusz K Rybakowski, Kemal Sagduyu, Brett Sawchuk, Elon Schwartz, Ângela M Scippa, Claire Slaney, Ahmad H Sulaiman, Kirsi Suominen, Aleksandra Suwalska, Peter Tam, Yoshitaka Tatebayashi, Leonardo Tondo, Eduard Vieta, Maj Vinberg, Biju Viswanath, Julia Volkert, Mark Zetin, Peter C Whybrow, Michael Bauer
There is considerable international interest in online education of patients with bipolar disorder, yet little understanding of how patients use the Internet and other sources to seek information. 1171 patients with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder in 17 countries completed a paper-based, anonymous survey. 81% of the patients used the Internet, a percentage similar to the general public. Older age, less education, and challenges in country telecommunications infrastructure and demographics decreased the odds of using the Internet...
August 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
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