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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817421/association-of-stop-bang-questionnaire-as-a-screening-tool-for-sleep-apnea-and-postoperative-complications-a-systematic-review-and-bayesian-meta-analysis-of-prospective-and-retrospective-cohort-studies
#1
Mahesh Nagappa, Jayadeep Patra, Jean Wong, Yamini Subramani, Mandeep Singh, George Ho, David T Wong, Frances Chung
BACKGROUND: The risk of postoperative complications increases with undiagnosed obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The high-risk OSA (HR-OSA) patients can be easily identified using the STOP-Bang screening tool. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to determine the association of postoperative complications in patients screened as HR-OSA versus low-risk OSA (LR-OSA). METHODS: The following data bases were searched from January 1, 2008, to October 31, 2016, to identify the eligible articles: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane Databases of Systematic Reviews, Medline-in-Process & other nonindexed citations, Google Scholar, Embase, Web of Sciences and Scopus...
August 11, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814328/building-capacity-for-dissemination-and-implementation-research-one-university-s-experience
#2
Ross C Brownson, Enola K Proctor, Douglas A Luke, Ana A Baumann, Mackenzie Staub, Matthew T Brown, Mallory Johnson
BACKGROUND: While dissemination and implementation (D&I) science has grown rapidly, there is an ongoing need to understand how to build and sustain capacity in individuals and institutions conducting research. There are three inter-related domains for capacity building: people, settings, and activities. Since 2008, Washington University in St. Louis has dedicated significant attention and resources toward building D&I research capacity. This paper describes our process, challenges, and lessons with the goal of informing others who may have similar aims at their own institution...
August 16, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806033/2016-scholars-day-symposium-abstracts
#3
EDITORIAL
Paul A Thompson, Scott Killian, Valeriy Kozmenko, Candace Zeigler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761942/necrotising-ulcerative-gingivitis-a-literature-review
#4
James Dufty, Nikolaos Gkranias, Nikos Donos
PURPOSE: The literature surrounding necrotising ulcerative gingivitis (NUG) is extensive, yet the rare nature of this disease means that there is a lack of good quality research available. This paper aims to scrutinise the literature and provide an up-to-date summary of the available information. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was performed electronically using the Cochrane Library, Ovid Medline, Embase, PubMed Clinical Queries and Google Scholar. Keyword searches were carried out, utilising MeSH terms and free text...
July 31, 2017: Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746133/the-impact-of-a-national-faculty-development-program-embedded-within-an-academic-professional-organization
#5
Constance D Baldwin, Maryellen E Gusic, Latha Chandran
A sizeable literature describes the effectiveness of institution-based faculty development programs in nurturing faculty educators as scholars, but national programs are less common and seldom evaluated. To fill this role, the Educational Scholars Program (ESP) was created within the Academic Pediatric Association (APA) in 2006. It is a national, three-year, cohort-based certification program focused on fostering educational scholarship. This article describes the development and outcomes of an innovative program embedded within the framework of a national professional organization, and offers a model for potential adaptation by similar organizations to enhance their support of educators...
August 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742608/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-women-s-lacrosse-implications-for-sport-level-and-sex-specific-injury-prevention-strategies
#6
Kim D Barber Foss, Ed Le Cara, Teri McCambridge, Richard Y Hinton, Adam Kushner, Gregory D Myer
OBJECTIVE: By the end of 2013, the United States had an estimated 278 000 female lacrosse players, with half of those participating at the youth level. The effects of the sport's rapid growth on injury rates have yet to be determined. The purpose of this clinical review is to synthesize the available published data on injuries that have occurred in the sport of women's lacrosse. Of particular interest was the risk of injury based on the level of play and position. DATA SOURCES: A comprehensive literature search was performed in PubMed, High Wire Press, SPORTDiscus, Google Scholar, and Ovid using the keywords "Lacrosse Injuries," "Epidemiology Lacrosse Injuries," "Lacrosse Injury," "Lacrosse," and "Injury...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737418/charisma-in-everyday-life-conceptualization-and-validation-of-the-general-charisma-inventory
#7
Konstantin O Tskhay, Rebecca Zhu, Christopher Zou, Nicholas O Rule
Although both scholars and lay people are fascinated with charismatic individuals, relatively few theorists have attempted to define charisma. Much of the empirical research examining charisma has focused on leadership. Even within that literature, however, theorists have focused on charisma's outcomes, leaving unarticulated what charisma actually is. Here, we tested an operational conceptualization of charisma in the context of everyday life. Specifically, we proposed that charisma is composed of the interpersonally focused dimensions of influence (the ability to guide others) and affability (the ability to make other people feel comfortable and at ease)...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736320/comparison-of-urinary-tract-infection-rates-associated-with-transurethral-catheterization-suprapubic-tube-and-clean-intermittent-catheterization-in-the-postoperative-setting-a-network-meta-analysis
#8
Christopher S Han, Sinae Kim, Kushan D Radadia, Philip T Zhao, Sammy E Elsamra, Ephrem O Olweny, Robert E Weiss
PURPOSE: A network meta-analysis was performed of available randomized controlled trials (RCT) to elucidate the risks of urinary tract infection (UTI) associated with transurethral catheterization (TUC), suprapubic tube (SPT) and intermittent catheterization (IC) in the postoperative setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE and Google Scholar searches were performed for eligible RCTs from January 1980 to July 2015 that included patients who had TUC, SPT, or IC at the time of surgery and catheterization lasting up to postoperative day 30...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731200/suicidal-self-directed-violence-among-homeless-us-veterans-a-systematic-review
#9
Adam S Hoffberg, Elizabeth Spitzer, Jessica L Mackelprang, Samantha A Farro, Lisa A Brenner
A systematic review of the literature was conducted to investigate suicidal self-directed violence and homelessness among US military veterans, and identify existing suicide prevention strategies. In November 2015, MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycInfo, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Google, and Google Scholar were searched. Articles published since 1990 investigating self-directed violence among homeless veterans were identified. Data were extracted and synthesized qualitatively. Nineteen observational studies were included...
July 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727521/ethical-guidance-for-disaster-response-specifically-around-crisis-standards-of-care-a-systematic-review
#10
Jonathon P Leider, Debra DeBruin, Nicole Reynolds, Angelica Koch, Judy Seaberg
BACKGROUND: Terrorism, disease outbreaks, and other natural disasters and mass casualty events have pushed health care and public health systems to identify and refine emergency preparedness protocols for disaster response. Ethical guidance, alongside legal and medical frameworks, are increasingly common components of disaster response plans. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the prevalence and content of ethical guidance offered for disaster response, specifically around crisis standards of care (CSCs)...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726336/mass-killings-in-the-united-states-from-2006-to-2013-social-contagion-or-random-clusters
#11
Adam Lankford, Sara Tomek
In line with previous research on suicide and social contagion, there has been widespread speculation that mass killings-which often involve suicidal offenders-are socially contagious for up to 14 days. This study tested these claims by making comparisons (i) between observed chronological clusters of mass killings in the United States from 2006 to 2013 and clusters in 500 simulations containing 116,000 randomly generated dates, and then (ii) between observed mass killings receiving varying levels of public attention...
July 20, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724181/finding-the-best-therapeutic-approach-for-pcos-the-importance-of-inositol-s-bioavailability
#12
B Orrù, R Circo, P Logoteta, S Petousis, G Carlomagno
Broadening clinical evidence has markedly designated inositol(s) as a common and effective therapeutic approach for PCOS and infertility. Although considerable research has been focused on the use in clinical practice of myo-inositol (myo-ins) and D-chiro-inositol (D-chiro-ins), the two major inositol stereoisomers, less attention has been paid to their bioavailability. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to gather and analyze information on inositol(s) bioavailability, to better delineate its optimal concentration for scientific and clinical purposes...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721214/porocarcinoma-presentation-and-management-a-meta-analysis-of-453-cases
#13
REVIEW
Abdulwahid M Salih, F H Kakamad, Hiwa O Baba, Rawezh Q Salih, M R Hawbash, Shvan H Mohammed, Snur Othman, Yadgar A Saeed, Imad J Habibullah, Aso S Muhialdeen, Rebaz O Nawroly, Zuhair D Hammood, Nawshirwan H Abdulkarim
BACKGROUND: porocarcinoma is a rare sort of skin cancer developing from sweat glands. Its clinical course and management are not well understood. OBJECTIVES: the current meta-analysis is to address the presentation and management of porocarcinoma. DATA SOURCES: Web of Science, PubMed, MEDLINE on OVID and Google scholar were searched for English-language studies published before December 1, 2016. RESULTS: The review of literature revealed 453 cases...
August 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686237/junk-science-for-sale-sham-journals-proliferating-online
#14
Walter Klyce, Edward Feller
A new danger threatens the integrity of scholarly publishing: predatory journals. Internet-only, "open-access" publishing is a valid way for researchers to reach the public without a paywall separating them. But, of thousands of open-access scientific journals today, as many as twenty-five percent are believed to be fake, existing only to make money by charging authors high processing fees. In sham journals, peer review is cursory or absent: as many as eighty to ninety percent of submitted manuscripts are accepted, many within days, without any editorial comment...
July 5, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673348/anti-malarial-treatment-outcomes-in-ethiopia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Eyob Alemayehu Gebreyohannes, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Mohammed Assen Seid, Henok Getachew Tegegn
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is among countries with a high malaria burden. There are several studies that assessed the efficacy of anti-malarial agents in the country and this systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to obtain stronger evidence on treatment outcomes of malaria from the existing literature in Ethiopia. METHODS: A systematic literature search using the preferred reporting items for systematic review and meta-analysis (PRISMA) statement was conducted on studies from Pubmed, Google Scholar, and ScienceDirect databases to identify published and unpublished literature...
July 3, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667498/colorectal-cancer-surgery-in-the-very-elderly-patient-a-systematic-review-of-laparoscopic-versus-open-colorectal-resection
#16
REVIEW
Laurence Devoto, Valerio Celentano, Richard Cohen, Jim Khan, Manish Chand
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer is the second most common cause of death from neoplastic disease in men and third in women of all ages. Globally, life expectancy is increasing, and consequently, an increasing number of operations are being performed on more elderly patients with the trend set to continue. Elderly patients are more likely to have cardiovascular and pulmonary comorbidities that are associated with increased peri-operative risk. They further tend to present with more locally advanced disease, more likely to obstruct or have disseminated disease...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659127/general-vs-neuraxial-anaesthesia-in-hip-fracture-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Julia Van Waesberghe, Ana Stevanovic, Rolf Rossaint, Mark Coburn
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture is a trauma of the elderly. The worldwide number of patients in need of surgery after hip fracture will increase in the coming years. The 30-day mortality ranges between 4 and 14%. Patients' outcome may be improved by anaesthesia technique (general vs. neuraxial anaesthesia). There is a dearth of evidence from randomised studies regarding to the optimal anaesthesia technique. However, several large non-randomised studies addressing this question have been published from the onset of 2010...
June 28, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650076/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-glycemic-control-and-necrobiosis-lipoidica-diabeticorum-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#18
REVIEW
Bhavik D Mistry, Afsaneh Alavi, Saima Ali, Nisha Mistry
The association of specific skin disorders with diabetes mellitus (DM) has been well established. Current literature suggests that approximately 30-91% of patients with diabetes will experience at least one cutaneous manifestation of this systemic disease in their lifetime. To date, there are limited articles summarizing the link between necrobiosis lipoidica diabeticorum (NLD) prognosis and glycemic control in patients with diabetes. The objective of the study is to summarize and appraise the available evidence assessing the relationship between glycemic control and NLD...
June 26, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632445/critique-and-contribute-a-practice-based-framework-for-improving-critical-data-studies-and-data-science
#19
Gina Neff, Anissa Tanweer, Brittany Fiore-Gartland, Laura Osburn
What would data science look like if its key critics were engaged to help improve it, and how might critiques of data science improve with an approach that considers the day-to-day practices of data science? This article argues for scholars to bridge the conversations that seek to critique data science and those that seek to advance data science practice to identify and create the social and organizational arrangements necessary for a more ethical data science. We summarize four critiques that are commonly made in critical data studies: data are inherently interpretive, data are inextricable from context, data are mediated through the sociomaterial arrangements that produce them, and data serve as a medium for the negotiation and communication of values...
June 2017: Big Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630750/tips-and-tricks-for-using-the-internet-for-professional-purposes
#20
Hasan Huseyin Ceylan, Nurdan Güngören, Fatih Küçükdurmaz
Online resources provide access to large amounts of information which is expanding every day. Using search engines for reaching the relevant, updated and complete literature that is indexed in various bibliographical databases has already become part of the medical professionals' everyday life.However, most researchers often fail to conduct a efficient literature search on the internet. The right techniques in literature search save time and improve the quality of the retrieved data.Efficient literature search is not a talent but a learnable skill, which should be a formal part of medical education...
May 2017: EFORT open reviews
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