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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915395/effect-of-potassium-citrate-supplement-on-stone-recurrence-before-or-after-lithotripsy-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Maurício Carvalho, Bruna Olandoski Erbano, Eduardo Yukio Kuwaki, Halyson Pinheiro Pontes, Jonathan Wei Ting Wen Liu, Luis Henrique Boros, Marcelo Oliveira Asinelli, Cristina Pellegrino Baena
This meta-analysis summarizes the available evidence on the effectiveness of citrate supplement for preventing the recurrence of nephrolithiasis in patients undergoing extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL). Electronic searches were conducted using Medline-PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, BVS (Scielo, Lilacs), and Google Scholar literature databases. The authors worked in pairs to select studies that met the following criteria: randomized controlled trials that were conducted in adults and assessed the effect of potassium citrate supplement before or after SWL therapy for urolithiasis...
December 3, 2016: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913743/effect-of-dexmedetomidine-on-postoperative-cognitive-dysfunction-in-elderly-patients-after-general-anaesthesia-a-meta-analysis
#2
Chengmao Zhou, Yu Zhu, Zhen Liu, Lin Ruan
OBJECTIVE: We undertook a meta-analysis to investigate the effect of dexmedetomidine on postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, CNKI and Google Scholar to find randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of the influence of dexmedetomidine on POCD in elderly adults who had undergone general anaesthesia. Two researchers independently screened the literature, extracted data, and evaluated methodologic quality against inclusion and exclusion criteria...
December 2, 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904580/quercetin-and-ovarian-cancer-an-evaluation-based-on-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Arefe Parvaresh, Roghaye Razavi, Nahid Rafie, Reza Ghiasvand, Makan Pourmasoumi, Maryam Miraghajani
Some studies have suggested chemopreventive and therapeutic effects of quercetin (Q) on carcinogenesis. The aim of this review was to evaluate the association between Q and ovarian cancer risk among human researches and induced sensitivity to some types of chemotherapeutic drugs and antiproliferative effects of this flavonoid in the animals and cell lines studies. Data for this systematic review were achieved through searches of the MEDLINE (PubMed), Google Scholar, Science Direct, Scopus, Cochrane, SID, and Magiran databases for studies published up to May 2015...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904174/on-the-history-of-classification-in-dermatology
#4
Amiya Kumar Mukhopadhyay
Since the early days of cutaneous medicine, naming of the entities had remained a confusing subject. Earlier texts of all ancient civilisations are almost similar in this topic The Biblical controversy regarding the actual translational meaning of the original Hebrew term Zara 'at has become a centre of controversy amongst many research scholars of the medical history. Similar debate exists about the Ayurvedic term Kustha---- whether it meant leprosy or stood for a number of skin affliction is a matter of controversy...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887905/a-systematic-review-on-the-safety-of-prostar-xl-versus-proglide-after-tavr-and-evar
#5
REVIEW
Christos Maniotis, Constantinos Andreou, Ioannis Karalis, Giasemi Koutouzi, Maria Agelaki, Michael Koutouzis
BACKGROUND: Endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) and transfemoral transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) are widely spreading minimally invasive procedures performed mainly through the femoral artery. Prostar XL and ProGlide vascular closure devices are used in clinical practice for the hemostasis in these procedures and they have been shown to be safe and effective. PURPOSE: The aim of our systematic review is to compare the safety of these two devices for percutaneous closure of large arteriotomies in patients undergoing TAVR and EVAR...
November 9, 2016: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857891/efficacy-and-safety-of-carica-papaya-leaf-extract-in-the-dengue-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Jagdish Prasad Goyal, Sandul Yasobant
BACKGROUND: Dengue is an infectious disease associated with high mortality and morbidity. Being a viral disease, there is no specific drug available for treatment. There are some reports that Carica papaya leaf extract may improve the clinical condition of dengue patients; however, to support this, at present, there is no systematically searched and synthesized evidence available. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to search the available evidence related to the efficacy and safety of C...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832920/piezoelectric-compared-with-conventional-rotary-osteotomy-for-the-prevention-of-postoperative-sequelae-and-complications-after-surgical-extraction-of-mandibular-third-molars-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
E K Badenoch-Jones, M David, T Lincoln
The purpose of this review was to determine if postoperative sequelae (facial swelling, trismus, pain) and neurological complications are reduced when mandibular third molars are surgically extracted using a piezoelectric device for osteotomy compared with conventional rotary burs, and to determine if there is a difference in operating time between the two techniques. Clinical trials were identified through a search (April 2015) on the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) and Google Scholar databases...
November 7, 2016: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815079/efficacy-and-safety-of-enteric-coated-capsules-of-anise-oil-to-treat-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#8
Maryam Mosaffa-Jahromi, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani, Mehdi Pasalar, Suleiman Afsharypuor, Ali-Mohammad Tamaddon
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Anise is a well-recognized plant in Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM) sources. Anise oil has been suggested for the treatment of bowel disorders in Persian medical textbooks. Based on TPM scholars, this ingredient has a favorable effect on gastrointestinal diseases. We did this trial to determine the efficacy and safety of enteric coated capsules of anise oil for clinical symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS AND MATERIALS: This three-armed double-blind clinical trial was carried out from August 2014 to February 2015...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807088/shared-decision-making-for-people-living-with-dementia-in-extended-care-settings-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#9
Rachel Daly, Frances Bunn, Claire Goodman
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 450 000 people in the UK are living in care homes, 70% of whom are thought to have dementia or significant memory problems. This means that they may need support with day-to-day decisions about their health and care. Shared decision-making interventions can have a positive impact on patient outcomes. They recognise an individual's rights to make decisions about their care or treatment and support person-centred approaches to care delivery. METHODS: A systematic review of studies designed to assess, implement, measure and/or explore shared decision-making with cognitively impaired adults in (or transferrable to) an extended care setting, with a view to answering the research question: How can people living with dementia and cognitive impairment be included in day-to-day decisions about their health and care in extended care settings? The systematic review will be started in May 2016...
November 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800158/estimate-of-adolescent-alcohol-use-in-china-a-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Yonghua Feng, Ian M Newman
OBJECTIVE: A profile of adolescent alcohol use for China that specified gender, school type and a consistent definition of alcohol use. METHOD: A total of 1,646 papers were identified in the Chinese- and English-language literature published 2007-2015 that reported Chinese adolescent drinking rates. Selection criteria were established a priori. Thirty-two papers met all the selection criteria. Five papers were eliminated because they were found to be duplicate reports of the same data...
2016: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793836/educating-professionals-to-support-self-management-in-people-with-asthma-or-diabetes-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-scoping-exercise
#11
Nicola McCleary, Amanda Andrews, Susan Morrow, Sharon Wiener-Ogilvie, Monica Fletcher, Liz Steed, Stephanie J C Taylor, Hilary Pinnock
INTRODUCTION: Supported self-management for asthma helps people adjust their treatment in response to symptom changes. This improves day-to-day control and reduces the risk of asthma attacks and the need for emergency healthcare. However, implementation remains poor in routine clinical practice. This systematic review is part of a programme of work developing an intervention to help primary care practice teams embed self-management support into routine asthma care. The aim of the review is to synthesise the evidence regarding the effectiveness of educational interventions for professionals supporting self-management in people with asthma or diabetes (type 1 and type 2)...
October 28, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760668/-hua-shou-s-social-circle-and-his-accomplishments-and-good-medical-reputation
#12
J L Wang
Hua Shou was a very famous physician at the turn of the Yuan and Ming Dynasties. In addition to his medical skills, his social communication was also very helpful to his fame. Under the tutorship of the Confucianist Han Shuo, and physicians such as Wang Jüzhong and Gao Dongyang in his early days, Hua Shou obtained two identities: Confucian scholar and doctor. The former helped Hua Shou get acceptance from literati group, meanwhile, Hua Shou's medical skill helped him deepen the communication among them. By means of his double identity, Hua Shou got acquaintance with many local and nation-wide scholars and politicians, including Zhao Lian, Chen Xingzhong, Wang Shuyu, Fang Guozhen, Song Xuanxi, Zhu You, Wang Xiyang, Song Lian, Liu Ji, through them Hua Shou's fame spread throughout the country...
July 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753871/poa-02-4-blood-pressure-behaviors-approach-for-hypertension-management
#13
Jeong Bae Park
Blood pressure fluctuates beat to beat, minute to minute, day and night, day by day and even over longer period. However, changes in blood pressure (BP) itself reflect body's ability to adapt. These fluctuation or variability makes it difficult to diagnose and treat hypertension. And therefore, even though the clinic BP was the standard of BP for more than 100 years, there were many attempts to find other BP effects which influence on prognosis independent from clinical BP since there was the breakout of white coat effect and masked effect in clinic BP...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748171/an-evidence-based-review-on-medicinal-value-of-clays-in-traditional-persian-medicine
#14
Ayda Hosseinkhani, Hashem Montaseri, Ammar Hosamo, Mohammad M Zarshenas
The use of earths and clays for medical purposes dates back to antiquity. In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in researches on traditional remedies in the hope of discovering new drug. Iran is an ancient country with a medical backbone acquired from the experiences of ancient Persian scholars, who had made a great contribution to the development of the medical sciences. Many medical and pharmaceutical books by early Persian scientists still exist and may have the potential of leading researchers to new drug discoveries...
October 7, 2016: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741401/epidemiology-of-injuries-in-senior-male-rugby-union-sevens-a-systematic-review
#15
Antonio Miguel Cruz-Ferreira, Eduardo Miguel Cruz-Ferreira, Luiz Miguel Santiago, Luis Taborda Barata
OBJECTIVES: In 2016 the Rugby Union variant of sevens will enter the official Olympic Programme. Until now, most of injury surveillance studies in Rugby Union focus on elite 15-a-side cohorts, with reported injury incidence rates reaching 96 per 1000 player-match-hours, and mean severity set at 20 days. Sparse data is available regarding rugby sevens. The aim of this study was to systematically review available data regarding the epidemiology of injuries in senior male rugby sevens. METHODS: Electronic databases (Pubmed, Google Scholar, SCOPUS, Scielo and IndexRMP) were searched in September 2015, complemented by manual searches of bibliographies and relevant 'grey literature'...
October 14, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729127/the-use-of-propranolol-in-the-treatment-of-subglottic-hemangiomas-a-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Scott Hardison, Wen Wan, Kelley M Dodson
OBJECTIVES: 1) Describe the origins of the use of propranolol in the treatment of subglottic hemangiomas, 2) Perform meta-analysis of all case reports and series in which propranolol was used to treat subglottic hemangiomas. STUDY DESIGN: Literature review and meta-analysis. METHODS: A total of 61 cases were identified from 19 scholarly articles. Cases were assessed by parameters including age at diagnosis, presence of other hemangiomas, percent airway obstructed, dose of propranolol, treatment duration, age at therapy termination, use of steroids, and treatment failure...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716943/paracetamol-acetaminophen-for-prevention-or-treatment-of-pain-in-newborns
#17
REVIEW
Arne Ohlsson, Prakeshkumar S Shah
BACKGROUND: Newborn infants have the ability to experience pain. Hospitalised infants are exposed to numerous painful procedures. Healthy newborns are exposed to pain if the birth process consists of assisted vaginal birth by vacuum extraction or by forceps and during blood sampling for newborn screening tests. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy and safety of paracetamol for the prevention or treatment of procedural/postoperative pain or pain associated with clinical conditions in neonates...
October 7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689859/effect-of-uric-acid-lowering-therapy-on-blood-pressure-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Li-Hui Qu, Hong Jiang, Jiang-Hua Chen
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this meta-analysis was to determine if uric acid-lowering therapy is associated with a decrease in blood pressure (BP) and serum creatinine levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, and Google Scholar databases were searched until 29 June 2016, with keywords: uric-acid-lowering therapy, allopurinol, febuxostat, uricosuric, and BP. Only randomized controlled trials were included. The primary outcomes were reduction in systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP (DBP), and secondary was reduction in serum creatinine level...
November 12, 2016: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676946/promoting-physical-activity-what-do-we-have-available-to-motivate-our-patients
#19
Mathieu Saubade, Christos Karatzios, Cyril Besson, Anne-Charlotte Farasse, Benaim Charles, Gérald Gremion
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 42% of Europeans never practice physical activity (PA) or sports and 40% spend more than 5:30 per day in a sitting position. The objective of this literature review is to identify the necessary means to promote PA and tools available for physicians to advise and prescribe a suitable AP. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Electronic database research using Medline, the Cochrane Library and Google Scholar. RESULTS: Prescription of PA in the medical office is more and more encouraged...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672574/arterial-complications-venous-thromboembolism-and-deep-venous-thrombosis-prophylaxis-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review
#20
Rob Paulus Augustinus Janssen, Max Reijman, Daan Martijn Janssen, Jan Bernardus Antonius van Mourik
AIM: To summarize the current knowledge on vascular complications and deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses statement. MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, Web of Science, CINAHL, PubMed publisher, and Google scholar medical literature databases were searched up to November 10, 2015. Any arthroscopic surgical method of primary or revision intra-articular ACL reconstruction of all graft types in humans was included...
September 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
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