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Ishag Adam, Yassin Ibrahim, Gasim I Gasim
BACKGROUND: Malaria is a major public health problem in endemic countries including Sudan, where about 75% of populations are at risk. Due to widespread of chloroquine-resistant strains of Plasmodium falciparum, artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) is currently treatment of choice for malaria in the vast majority of malaria-endemic countries. This systematic review and meta-analysis is performed to obtain an overall stronger evidence of the outcomes of ACT in the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria from the existing literature in Sudan...
March 13, 2018: Malaria Journal
Luc Jansen, Maarten van Schijndel, Jeroen van Waarde, Jan van Busschbach
BACKGROUND: Hospital inpatients often experience medical and psychiatric problems simultaneously. Although this implies a certain relationship between healthcare utilization and costs, this relationship has never been systematically reviewed. OBJECTIVE: The objective is to examine the extent to which medical-psychiatric comorbidities relate to health-economic outcomes in general and in different subgroups. If the relationship is significant, this would give additional reasons to facilitate the search for targeted and effective treatments for this complex population...
2018: PloS One
Ali Abdul Jabaar, J Stephen Jenkins
BACKGROUND: Beyond medical therapy, the role of endovascular approach for the management of chronic Venous Thromboembolic (VTE) disease is yet to be defined. To our knowledge, no systematic reviews or guidelines are available that provide information on how to manage this chronic condition. This paper represents the first systematic review of published reports on the use of vacuum-assisted thrombectomy (AngioVac) in treating chronic VTE disease. METHODS: A systematic review of published case-series, individual case-reports, and review articles in MEDLINE, PubMed, and Google Scholar was conducted...
February 15, 2018: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
Paschalis Gavriilidis, Konstantinos Katsanos
OBJECTIVES: The survival benefits, oncological adequacy, effectiveness, and safety of laparoscopic transverse colectomy (LTC) were compared with that of open transverse colectomy (OTC) using a meta-analysis. METHODS: EMBASE, Medline, Cochrane library, and Google scholar databases were searched for the last 20 years. Meta-analyses were performed using both fixed-effects and random-effects models. Five-year disease-free survival and overall survival were estimated using the inverse variance hazard ratio method...
March 9, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
Tammie Teo, Emily Schaeffer, Anthony Cooper, Kishore Mulpuri
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether immediate (0-3 day) postoperative radiography leads to alterations in management for patients post-fracture fixation. DATA SOURCES: Systematic review of English-language articles in the MEDLINE (1946-2016), EMBASE (1974-2016), CDSR (2005-2016), CENTRAL (1948-2016) and Google Scholar databases using PRISMA guidelines. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized or non-randomized controlled trials and prospective or retrospective cohort studies that addressed surgical management of upper extremity, lower extremity or hip fractures were eligible for review...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
Catriel Fierro
Multiple studies have analyzed the aims, resources, and approaches to undergraduate and graduate history of psychology education in several countries. Argentina is one of the countries with the highest historiographical production in Latin America. However, to date, there are no published studies on the collective debates among professionals, institutions, and associations that were instrumental in the development of the historiography of science becoming a mandatory part of the curriculum in Argentinian psychology programs...
March 5, 2018: History of Psychology
Roshan dasNair, Holly Griffiths, Sara Clarke, Abigail Methley, Ian Kneebone, Gogem Topcu
Everyday memory is one of the most affected cognitive functions in multiple sclerosis (MS). Assessing everyday memory problems is crucial for monitoring the impact of memory deficits on individuals' day-to-day lives and evaluating the effectiveness of interventions that aim to improve cognitive functions. The aim of this systematic review was to identify the research literature on everyday memory measures used with people with MS, describe the types of measures used, and summarise their psychometric properties...
March 2, 2018: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
Adam Bariteau, Lauren K Stewart, Thomas W Emmett, Jeffrey A Kline
BACKGROUND: This systematic review addresses the controversy over the decision to anticoagulate patients with subsegmental pulmonary embolism (SSPE). METHODS: We searched Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Scopus, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials . gov, Google Scholar and bibliographies in March 2017. Two authors reviewed and retained papers with symptomatic patients who underwent computerized tomographic pulmonary angiography and had sufficient information to determine SSPE, decision to treat (or not) with systemic anticoagulation, and outcomes of bleeding, VTE recurrence and death...
March 2, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Janusz Springer, Wiesław Jerzy Cubała
Tianeptine is an atypical antidepressant approved in 25 countries for the treatment of depressive syndromes. Tianeptine abuse among psychiatric patients in the community and at inpatient wards has been increasingly reported in recent years. The purpose of this article is to alert clinicians to tianeptine abuse potential and identify any patterns in the literature. We searched the Academic Search Complete, Google Scholar, MEDLINE, Science Citation Index, Scopus, and the Social Sciences Citation Index for articles published between 1960-2017 in any language containing the keywords: "tianeptine abuse," "tianeptine misuse," "tianeptine dependence...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
Baris Ata, Ahmed M Abou-Setta, Ayse Seyhan, William Buckett
BACKGROUND: The female genital tract is not exposed to seminal plasma during standard assisted reproductive technology (ART) cycles. However, it is thought that the inflammatory reaction triggered by seminal plasma may be beneficial by inducing maternal tolerance to paternal antigens expressed by the products of conception, and may increase the chance of successful implantation and live birth. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of application of seminal plasma to the female genital tract prior to embryo transfer in ART cycles...
February 28, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
H Bryant Nguyen, Carey C Thomson, Naftali Kaminski, Lynn M Schnapp, J Mark Madison, Robb W Glenny, Anne E Dixon
An academic medical career traditionally revolves around patient care, teaching, and scholarly projects. Thus, when an opportunity for a leadership role arises, such as Division Chief, the new leader is often unprepared with little or no formal leadership training. In this article, academic leaders of the Association of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Division Directors reviewed several leadership concepts adapted from the business sector and applied years of their experience to aid new division chiefs with their first day on the job...
February 27, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Ali Elfandi, Jordan G Safirstein
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The evolution of cardiac catheterization has led to the development of well-refined, more effective, and safer devices that allow cardiovascular interventionalists to deliver high-quality percutaneous interventions (PCI). Transradial PCI (TRI) has gained more popularity in the USA over the past 10 years, and as experience and volume of TRI grow, studies adopting same day radial PCI protocols have emerged and are showing promising results. We sought to review the current literature on TRI and same day discharge (SDD)...
February 24, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
Azam Rezaei Farimani, Mitra Hariri, Mohsen Azimi-Nezhad, Abasalt Borji, Sadegh Zarei, Elham Hooshmand
AIM: N-3 PUFAs can potentially influence levels of inflammatory and non-inflammatory adipokines. Given the contradictory effects of n-3 PUFAs on serum levels of adipokines in type 2 diabetes, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis study of randomized placebo-controlled clinical trials that examined the effects of n-3 PUFAs on serum levels of leptin and adiponectin in patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: The electronic databases, without regard to language restrictions including PubMed/Medline, Google Scholar, SCOPUS and ISI Web of Science until August 2017, were used to identify randomized controlled trials that assessed the effect of n-3 PUFAs on serum leptin and adiponectin concentrations in type 2 diabetes...
February 16, 2018: Acta Diabetologica
Lydia Wood, David Kamper, Kate Swanson
This article addresses an apparent paradox between academic and policy depictions of American Indian reservations as "broken" and "unhealthy" places, and Indigenous youth perceptions of reservations as spaces of "health" and "wellness." Public health literature often frames reservations as damaged, health-denying places, chronicling the extraordinarily high rates of suicide, substance abuse, as well as vast health disparities. Despite these dire statistics, our research with Native youth in San Diego County found that young people chose to primarily emphasize their positive experiences with, and attachments to, their reservations...
February 13, 2018: Health & Place
James Michael Parnell, Jennifer C Robinson
AIM: This paper introduces social network analysis as a versatile method with many applications in nursing research. BACKGROUND: Social networks have been studied for years in many social science fields. The methods continue to advance but remain unknown to most nursing scholars. DESIGN: Discussion paper. DATA SOURCES: English language and interpreted literature was searched from Ovid Healthstar, CINAHL, PubMed Central, Scopus and hard copy texts from 1965-2017...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Waleed E Ali, Satyanarayana R Vaidya, Sylvester U Ejeh, Kingsley U Okoroafor
BACKGROUND: Results on the safety and long-term efficacy of drug-eluting stent placement in unprotected left main coronary artery disease (ULMCAD) compared with those of coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) remain inconsistent across randomized clinical trials and recent meta-analysis studies. We aimed to compare the clinical outcomes and safety over short- and long-term follow-ups by conducting a meta-analysis of large pooled data from randomized controlled trials and up-to-date observational studies...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Andres Zorrilla-Vaca, Ryan Healy, Michael C Grant, Brijen Joshi, Lucia Rivera-Lara, Charles Brown, Marek A Mirski
PURPOSE: Although evidence from observational studies in a variety of clinical settings supports the utility of cerebral oximetry as a predictor of outcomes, prospective clinical trials thus far have reported conflicting results. This systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to evaluate the influence of management associated with intraoperative cerebral oximetry on postoperative outcomes. The primary outcome was postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD), with secondary outcomes that included postoperative delirium, length of intensive care unit (ICU) stay, and hospital length of stay (LOS)...
January 18, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Frank J Lebeda, Michael Adler, Zygmunt F Dembek
Introduction: This review summarizes the research conducted on botulinum toxin (BoTx) from 1943 to 1956 by a small group of Camp Detrick investigators and their staff. A systematic, cross-disciplinary approach was used to develop effective vaccines against this biological warfare threat agent. In response to the potential need for medical countermeasures against BoTx during World War II, the refinement of isolation and purification techniques for BoTx successfully led to the large-scale production of botulinum toxoid vaccines...
February 6, 2018: Military Medicine
A Perciaccante, C Negri, A Coralli, P Charlier, O Appenzeller, R Bianucci
Niccolò Ugo Foscolo (1778-1827), known as Ugo, is one of the masters of the Italian poetry. A writer and a revolutionary, he embraced the ideals of the French Revolution and took part in the stormy political discussions, which the fall of the Republic of Venice had provoked. Despite his poor health, Foscolo lived an adventurous life serving as a volunteer in the Guardia Nazionale and in the Napoleonic army. Following Napoleon's fall (1814), he went into voluntary exile in early 1815. He reached London in Sept...
February 2018: Medical Hypotheses
Ryan J Watson, Nathaniel M Lewis, Jessica N Fish, Carol Goodenow
BACKGROUND: An established body of research documents that sexual minority (i.e., lesbian, gay, and bisexual) populations are at higher risk for several adverse health behaviors and outcomes compared to their heterosexual counterparts. Smoking is one behavior where the gap is especially large, particularly among youth. Researchers have increasingly drawn attention to contextual determinants of health behaviors affecting sexual minority youth. PURPOSE: Although these factors have evolved over time, few scholars have examined time as a contextual factor that affects sexual minority health behaviors or the level of inequality with heterosexual populations...
January 31, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
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