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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539994/the-prevalence-of-restless-legs-syndrome-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-study
#1
REVIEW
Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh, Mohammad Farajzadeh, Mozhdeh Zarei, Vajiheh Baghi, Sahar Dalvand, Kourosh Sayehmiri
INTRODUCTION: Restless legs syndrome is a sensory-motor disorder that causes sleep disorder. The syndrome in patients undergoing hemodialysis associates with depression, sleep deprivation, performance disorder, day fatigue, excessive daytime sleepiness, stress, anxiety, and higher risk of cardiovascular diseases. The objective of this systematic meta-analysis study was to estimate prevalence of restless legs syndrome in patients undergoing hemodialysis. METHODS: Twenty-six relevant articles published between 2000 and 2015 indexed in Iranian (MagIran and IranMedex) and international databases (SID, Google Scholar, ScienceDirect, PubMed, Pre Quest, and Scopus) were selected...
March 2017: Basic and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537580/effects-of-supplementation-with-quercetin-on-plasma-c-reactive-protein-concentrations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#2
REVIEW
M Mohammadi-Sartang, Z Mazloom, S Sherafatmanesh, M Ghorbani, Donya Firoozi
Promising experimental studies suggest that quercetin has potential anti-inflammatory effects. However, the results of current clinical trials on quercetin's effects on the C-reactive protein (CRP), a sensitive inflammatory biomarker, are ambiguous. We conducted a meta-analysis of available randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to resolve this inconsistency and quantify the net effect of quercetin on circulating CRP concentrations. A systematic search was performed in several databases including SCOPUS, PubMed-Medline and Google Scholar until 16 June 2016...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535116/is-mannitol-the-treatment-of-choice-for-patients-with-ciguatera-fish-poisoning
#3
Michael E Mullins, Robert S Hoffman
CONTEXT: Ciguatera fish poisoning arises primarily from consumption of carnivorous reef fish caught in tropical and sub-tropical waters. Ciguatoxins, a class of tasteless, heat-stable, polycyclic toxins produced by dinoflagellates, accumulate through the food chain and concentrate in various carnivorous fish, such as groupers, barracudas, wrasses, amberjack, kingfishes, and eels. Characteristics of ciguatera fish poisoning include early nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea in the first one to two days post ingestion, followed by the appearance of sensory disturbances...
May 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531835/postpartum-acute-colonic-pseudo-obstruction-ogilvie-s-syndrome-a-systematic-review-of-case-reports-and-case-series
#4
REVIEW
Pradeep Jayaram, Manoj Mohan, Stephen Lindow, Justin Konje
INTRODUCTION: Ogilvie's Syndrome or Acute Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction (ACPO) is a rare condition characterized by massive dilatation of the colon in the absence of mechanical obstruction. About 10% of all reported cases are related to Obstetric and Gynaecological procedures, Caesarean section being the commonest associated factor. Acute intestinal dilatation, if not treated, may lead to perforation and faecal peritonitis with consequent high morbidity and mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic literature searches were performed in PubMed, EMBASE, Google scholar and hand searches for relevant references were included without any language restriction...
May 2, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524930/nutrition-support-in-hospitalised-adults-at-nutritional-risk
#5
REVIEW
Joshua Feinberg, Emil Eik Nielsen, Steven Kwasi Korang, Kirstine Halberg Engell, Marie Skøtt Nielsen, Kang Zhang, Maria Didriksen, Lisbeth Lund, Niklas Lindahl, Sara Hallum, Ning Liang, Wenjing Xiong, Xuemei Yang, Pernille Brunsgaard, Alexandre Garioud, Sanam Safi, Jane Lindschou, Jens Kondrup, Christian Gluud, Janus C Jakobsen
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of disease-related malnutrition in Western European hospitals is estimated to be about 30%. There is no consensus whether poor nutritional status causes poorer clinical outcome or if it is merely associated with it. The intention with all forms of nutrition support is to increase uptake of essential nutrients and improve clinical outcome. Previous reviews have shown conflicting results with regard to the effects of nutrition support. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and harms of nutrition support versus no intervention, treatment as usual, or placebo in hospitalised adults at nutritional risk...
May 19, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523045/frequency-of-nutritional-anemia-among-female-medical-students-of-faisalabad
#6
Shireen Jawed, Sundus Tariq, Saba Tariq, Anwar Kamal
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Anemia is a common health problem worldwide. This problem is most commonly faced by 18 to 25 years of females. Medical students especially female hostelites poses high risk of anemia because of their poor eating habits, breakfast skipping, long schedule in college, burden of medical studies, clinical postings, and extra-curricular activities. Therefore the current study was designed to determine the hemoglobin status in young female medical students. We also elucidate its association with BMI...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473216/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-in-intermediate-surgical-risk-patients-with-severe-aortic-stenosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Kuljit Singh, Kristin Carson, Mohammed K Rashid, Rohan Jayasinghe, Abdulrahman AlQahtani, Alexander Dick, Christopher Glover, Marino Labinaz
BACKGROUND: Recent data from randomised and observational studies have reported non-inferior outcomes for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) compared to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) in intermediate-risk patients. We performed a systematic review to evaluate the mortality of TAVI compared to SAVR in intermediate-risk patients. METHODS: A comprehensive search of four major databases (EMBASE, Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, and Google Scholar) was performed from their inception to 29 April 2016...
April 12, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469591/establishing-the-research-agenda-for-increasing-the-representation-of-women-in-engineering-and-computing
#8
REVIEW
Kathleen Buse, Catherine Hill, Kathleen Benson
While there is an extensive body of research on gender equity in engineering and computing, there have been few efforts to glean insight from a dialog among experts. To encourage collaboration and to develop a shared vision of the future research agenda, a 2 day workshop of 50 scholars who work on the topic of gender in engineering and computing was held at a rural conference center. The structure of the conference and the location allowed for time to reflect, dialog, and to craft an innovative research agenda aimed at increasing the representation of women in engineering and computing...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467435/surgical-treatment-for-urinary-incontinence-after-prostatectomy-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#9
Yu-Chi Chen, Pin-Hsuan Lin, Yann-Yuh Jou, Victor Chia-Hsiang Lin
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis was designed to assess the efficacy of the male sling and artificial urinary sphincter on treating post-prostatectomy incontinence by evaluating daily pad use, cure rate, frequency of improvement in incontinence, and quality of life. METHODS: Medline, Cochrane, Google Scholar, and ClinicalTrials.gov were searched (until March 31, 2014) for studies that investigated the effectiveness of artificial urinary sphincter or sling surgical treatments for prostate cancer...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458581/insertion-of-intrauterine-devices-after-cesarean-section-a-systematic-review-update
#10
REVIEW
Norman D Goldstuck, Petrus S Steyn
BACKGROUND: Women who undergo a cesarean section (CS) are in a unique position to receive the intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD). They may also want to use the IUD as a long-acting reversible contraceptive method provided the IUD is safe and effective in the presence of a CS scar. SEARCH STRATEGY: We researched and reviewed the MEDLINE, POPLINE, Google Scholar, and ClinicalTrials.gov databases from January 1968 to June 2015. SELECTION CRITERIA: Eligible studies reported event rates or practical problems relating to IUD usage in post-placental or interval insertion (>90 days) after CS...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438280/effect-of-aromatherapy-massage-on-pain-in-primary-dysmenorrhea-a-meta-analysis
#11
Necdet Sut, Hatice Kahyaoglu-Sut
OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis investigates the effect of aromatherapy massage on pain in primary dysmenorrhea. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials were searched by keywords in several databases (Pubmed, ISI Web of Sciences, and Google Scholar). Six randomized controlled trials that included 362 participants with primary dysmenorrhea, comparing abdominal aromatherapy massage (n = 184) with massage with placebo oils (n = 178), were analyzed in the meta-analysis...
May 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430165/treatments-for-latrodectism-a-systematic-review-on-their-clinical-effectiveness
#12
REVIEW
Nicole M Ryan, Nicholas A Buckley, Andis Graudins
Latrodectism or envenomation by widow-spiders is common and clinically significant worldwide. Alpha-latrotoxin is the mammalian-specific toxin in the venom that results in toxic effects observed in humans. Symptoms may be incapacitating and include severe pain that can persist for days. The management of mild to moderate latrodectism is primarily supportive while severe cases have variously been treated with intravenous calcium, muscle relaxants, widow-spider antivenom and analgesic opioids. The object of this systematic review is to examine the literature on the clinical effectiveness of past and current treatments for latrodectism...
April 21, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422799/publication-rates-of-abstracts-accepted-to-the-2010-2012-annual-meetings-of-the-north-american-spine-society
#13
Ankur S Narain, Fady Y Hijji, Krishna T Kudaravalli, Kelly H Yom, Kern Singh
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of conference abstracts. OBJECTIVE: To determine the publication rate of podium and poster presentations at the 2010-2012 North American Spine Society (NASS) annual meetings. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Presentations at medical conferences are utilized to disseminate new clinical information. The orthopaedic literature estimates the rate of publication for abstracts presented at major meetings to be between 34...
April 18, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413803/epidemiology-of-burn-injuries-in-nepal-a-systemic-review
#14
REVIEW
Sanjib Tripathee, Surendra Jung Basnet
Burn is a global public health problem associated with significant morbidity and mortality, mostly in low- and middle-income countries. Southeast-Asian countries share a big burden of burn injuries, and Nepal is not an exception. We performed a systemic review to examine the epidemiological characteristics of burn injures in Nepal. Relevant epidemiological studies were identified through systemic search in PubMed, EMBASE, and Google Scholar. Reference lists from relevant review articles were also searched. Studies were included if they meet our selection criteria...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411712/treatment-options-and-outcomes-for-caval-thrombectomy-and-resection-for-renal-cell-carcinoma
#15
REVIEW
Georges M Haidar, Taylor D Hicks, Hosam F El-Sayed, Mark G Davies
OBJECTIVE: Advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has a significant predisposition to vascular invasion. Tumor vascular invasion and thrombus are found in the renal vein and the inferior vena cava (IVC) in up to 10% to 25% of patients. This study reviewed the current status of radical nephrectomy with IVC thrombectomy for advanced RCC. METHODS: A two-level search strategy of the literature (MEDLINE, PubMed, The Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar) for relevant articles listed between January 2000 and December 2015 was performed...
May 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409434/the-sgim-teach-program-a-curriculum-for-teachers-of-clinical-medicine
#16
Christopher L Knight, Donna M Windish, Steven A Haist, Reena Karani, Shobhina Chheda, Michael Rosenblum, Preetha Basaviah, Abby L Spencer, Eva M Aagaard
BACKGROUND: Demand for faculty with teaching expertise is increasing as medical education is becoming well established as a career pathway. Junior faculty may be expected to take on teaching responsibilities with minimal training in teaching skills. AIM: To address the faculty development needs of junior clinician-educators with teaching responsibilities and those changing their career focus to include teaching. SETTING: Sessions at two Society of General Internal Medicine (SGIM) annual meetings combined with local coaching and online learning during the intervening year...
April 13, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402150/motivational-and-parental-mediation-factors-related-to-kenyan-adolescents-intake-of-sexual-radio-and-tv-content
#17
Kyalo Wa Ngula, Ann Neville Miller, Hellen K Mberia
Research on the influence of media on youths' sexual behavior in sub-Saharan Africa has focused almost entirely on the effects of multimedia health communication campaigns and edutainment programming. Scholarly literature is nearly silent about the influence of the multiple hours that young people in many sub-Saharan nations spend immersed in increasingly sex-heavy entertainment programming. We surveyed a stratified cluster sample of 437 Nairobi public high school students about motivational and parental mediation factors associated with their exposure to sexual radio and TV content...
April 12, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402094/effect-of-anesthesia-methods-on-postoperative-major-adverse-cardiac-events-and-mortality-after-non-cardiac-surgeries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Ran An, Qian-Yun Pang, Bo Chen, Hong-Liang Liu
BACKGROUND: Postoperative major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) are the main cause of postoperative mortality, and controversies exist regarding the effects of anesthesia methods on postoperative MACEs and mortality in high-risk cardiac patients after non-cardiac surgeries. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A Meta-analysis about the effect of anesthesia methods on postoperative MACEs and mortality in high-risk cardiac patients undergoing intermediate- or high-risk non-cardiac surgeries was conducted; Chinese databases (SinoMed, CNKI, Wanfang, and VIP) and English databases (Medline, EMBASE, PubMed, Springer, Ovid, the Cochrane Library, and Google scholar) were searched...
April 11, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389966/the-effect-and-safety-of-monoclonal-antibodies-to-calcitonin-gene-related-peptide-and-its-receptor-on-migraine-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Min Hou, Haiyan Xing, Yongqing Cai, Bin Li, Xianfeng Wang, Pan Li, Xiaolin Hu, Jianhong Chen
BACKGROUND: Migraine has been recognized as one of the leading causes of disability in the 2013 Global Burden of Disease Study and seriously affects the quality of patients' life, current treatment options are not ideal. Monoclonal antibodies to calcitonin gene-related peptide and its receptor (CGRP-mAbs) appear more promising for migraine because of considerably better effect and safety profiles. The objective of this study is to systematically assess the clinical efficacy and safety of CGRP-mAbs for migraine therapy...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368505/effects-of-cranioplasty-on-cerebral-blood-flow-following-decompressive-craniectomy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#20
Sameer H Halani, Jason K Chu, James G Malcolm, Rima S Rindler, Jason W Allen, Jonathan A Grossberg, Gustavo Pradilla, Faiz U Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Cranioplasty after decompressive craniectomy (DC) is routinely performed for reconstructive purposes and has been recently linked to improved cerebral blood flow (CBF) and neurological function. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review all available literature to evaluate the effect of cranioplasty on CBF and neurocognitive recovery. METHODS: A PubMed, Google Scholar, and MEDLINE search adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines included studies reporting patients who underwent DC and subsequent cranioplasty in whom cerebral hemodynamics were measured before and after cranioplasty...
March 29, 2017: Neurosurgery
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