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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329490/tamoxifen-induced-radiation-recall-dermatitis
#1
Alexandra Bourgeois, Stratton B Grisoli, Erik J Soine, Les B Rosen
BACKGROUND: Radiation recall dermatitis (RRD) canpresent days to years after radiation exposure andis most commonly caused by chemotherapy drugs,with tamoxifen-induced radiation recall dermatitisbeing exceptionally rare. PURPOSE: To report a newcase of tamoxifen-induced radiation recall dermatitisafter 4.5 years of tamoxifen exposure, making this thelongest time of onset to RRD after tamoxifen initiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The case of a woman withtamoxifen-induced RRD is presented...
February 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326399/total-knee-replacement-for-tricompartmental-arthritis-in-a-patient-with-a-below-knee-amputation-after-a-previous-closing-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy
#2
Mark A Fleming, Michael C Dixon
This is a report of a 64-year-old man who had undergone a high tibial osteotomy (HTO) 17 years ago of his right knee for medial compartment osteoarthritis; 5 days later, he received a below-knee amputation owing to a missed popliteal artery injury at the time of the HTO. We elected to perform a total knee replacement (TKR) for progressive arthritis of the ipsilateral knee 17 years after the transtibial amputation. Although there is a plethora of literature regarding TKR in the contralateral knee of amputees, there is a paucity of data of TKR in the ipsilateral knee...
June 2016: Arthroplast Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306333/efficacy-and-safety-of-naftopidil-in-the-medical-expulsion-therapy-for-distal-ureteral-stone-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Jun Li, Zhuang Tang, Liang Gao, Jinhong Li, Feng Qin, Jiuhong Yuan
PURPOSE: The selective α-adrenoceptor blocker is widely used as a cost-effective treatment option for medical expulsive therapy (MET) of ureteral stones. In this review, we aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of naftopidil for MET compared with control or tamsulosin. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, and Google Scholar to identify randomized controlled trials that compared naftopidil with either control or tamsulosin for the management of distal ureteral stones...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293967/efficacy-of-rasagiline-for-the-treatment-of-parkinson-s-disease-an-updated-meta-analysis
#4
Ying Chang, Li-Bo Wang, Dan Li, Ke Lei, Song-Yan Liu
OBJECTIVE: Rasagiline is a second-generation potent selective inhibitor of monoamine oxidase-B. The aim of the study was to analyze the effectiveness of rasagiline in treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD), both as monotherapy and combination therapy. METHODS: Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, and Google Scholar databases were searched until 9 March 2016 using the keywords: Rasagiline, Azilect, Parkinson's disease. Randomized controlled trials of patients with PD who were randomized to treatment with rasagiline or placebo were included...
March 15, 2017: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289385/plant-derived-phytocompound-embelin-in-cns-disorders-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Uday P Kundap, Saatheeyavaane Bhuvanendran, Yatinesh Kumari, Iekhsan Othman, Mohd Farooq Shaikh
A Central nervous system (CNS) disease is the one which affects either the spinal cord or brain and causing neurological or psychiatric complications. During the nineteenth century, modern medicines have occupied the therapy for many ailments and are widely used these days. Herbal medicines have often maintained popularity for historical and cultural reasons and also considered safer as they originate from natural sources. Embelin is a plant-based benzoquinone which is the major active constituent of the fruits of Embelia ribes Burm...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273208/comparison-of-outcomes-between-off-pump-versus-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-in-elderly-patients-a-meta-analysis
#6
Z G Zhu, W Xiong, J L Ding, J Chen, Y Li, J L Zhou, J J Xu
The aim of this study was to analyze if off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) is associated with better treatment outcomes in elderly patients (>70 years of age) than on-pump CABG, using meta-analysis. Medline, PubMed, Cochrane and Google Scholar databases were searched until September 13, 2016. Sensitivity and quality assessment were performed. Twenty-two studies, three randomized control trials (RCTs) and 20 non-RCTs were included with 24,127 patients. The risk of death associated with on-pump or off-pump CABG in the RCTs were similar (pooled OR=0...
March 2, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265881/raloxifene-lowers-plasma-lipoprotein-a-concentrations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-placebo-controlled-trials
#7
Gianna Ferretti, Tiziana Bacchetti, Luis E Simental-Mendía, Željko Reiner, Maciej Banach, Amirhossein Sahebkar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) is a proatherogenic plasma lipoprotein and an independent risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. We investigated the effects of raloxifene, selective estrogen receptor modulator, on circulating Lp(a) levels in postmenopausal women using a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: To identify relevant studies, electronic databases (PUBMED, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) were searched by up to May 2015 to find controlled trials exploring the effects of oral raloxifene treatment on plasma Lp(a) levels in postmenopausal women...
March 7, 2017: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245793/early-versus-late-initiation-of-renal-replacement-therapy-in-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#8
Girish Chandra Bhatt, Rashmi Ranjan Das
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in the critically ill patients and associated with a substantial morbidity and mortality. Severe AKI may be associated with up to 60% hospital mortality. Over the years, renal replacement therapy (RRT) has emerged as the mainstay of the treatment for AKI. However, the exact timing of initiation of RRT for better patient outcome is still debatable with conflicting data from randomized controlled trials. Thus, a systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to assess the impact of "early" versus "late" initiation of RRT...
February 28, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238873/cell-salvage-used-in-scoliosis-surgery-is-it-really-effective
#9
REVIEW
Jia-Ming Liu, Bi-Qi Fu, Wen-Zhao Chen, Jiang-Wei Chen, Shan-Hu Huang, Zhi-Li Liu
BACKGROUND: Scoliosis surgery is usually associated with large volume of intraoperative blood loss and cell salvage is commonly used to filter and retranfusion autologous blood to patients. However, the efficacy of using cell salvage in scoliosis surgery is still controversial. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to make clear that intraoperative use of cell salvage is effective to decrease the volume of perioperative allogenic blood transfusion in scoliosis surgery...
February 23, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236520/frequency-and-prognosis-of-acute-pancreatitis-associated-with-fulminant-or-non-fulminant-acute-hepatitis-a-a-systematic-review
#10
Samir Haffar, Fateh Bazerbachi, Larry Prokop, Kymberly D Watt, M Hassan Murad, Suresh T Chari
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis (AP) in patients with fulminant viral hepatitis is well recognized and its mortality depends on the severity of hepatitis rather than pancreatitis. Acute pancreatitis associated with non-fulminant acute hepatitis A (AHA) has been rarely described, and is considered to have a benign course with good response to conservative management. OBJECTIVE: To perform a systematic review of the frequency and prognosis of AP associated with fulminant or non-fulminant AHA...
February 17, 2017: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228048/use-of-google-scholar-public-profiles-in-orthopedics
#11
Kevin Tetsworth, Dave Fraser, Vaida Glatt, Erik Hohmann
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to survey the growth of Google Scholar public profiles in orthopedics over a 12-month period and to investigate global patterns. METHODS: Data was prospectively acquired from June 2013 to June 2014. Google Scholar queries specific to orthopedic surgery were performed at 90-day intervals. Demographic aspects of each user were also compiled, including gender, current location, and primary interests. To determine differences between the growth of Google Scholar public profile registrations and citation counts, as well as differences in growth in different regions, repeated measures of analysis of variance (RMANOVA) were used...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224308/a-methodological-proposal-to-evaluate-the-cost-of-duration-moral-hazard-in-workplace-accident-insurance
#12
Ángel Martín-Román, Alfonso Moral
The cost of duration moral hazard in workplace accident insurance has been amply explored by North-American scholars. Given the current context of financial constraints in public accounts, and particularly in the Social Security system, we feel that the issue merits inquiry in the case of Spain. The present research posits a methodological proposal using the econometric technique of stochastic frontiers, which allows us to break down the duration of work-related leave into what we term "economic days" and "medical days"...
February 21, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196551/effects-of-hospital-palliative-care-on-health-length-of-stay-and-in-hospital-mortality-across-intensive-and-non-intensive-care-units-a-systematic-review-and-metaanalysis
#13
Xibei Liu, Yaser Dawod, Alex Wonnaparhown, Amaan Shafi, Loomee Doo, Ji Won Yoo, Eunjeong Ko, Youn Seon Choi
OBJECTIVE: Hospital palliative care has been shown to improve quality of life and optimize hospital utilization for seriously ill patients who need intensive care. The present review examined whether hospital palliative care in intensive care (ICU) and non-ICU settings will influence hospital length of stay and in-hospital mortality. METHOD: A systematic search of CINAHL/EBSCO, the Cochrane Library, Google Scholar, MEDLINE/Ovid, PubMed, and the Web of Science through 12 October 2016 identified 16 studies that examined the effects of hospital palliative care and reported on hospital length of stay and in-hospital death...
February 15, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166546/the-relationship-of-obesity-to-hospice-use-and-expenditures-a-cohort-study
#14
John A Harris, Elena Byhoff, Chithra R Perumalswami, Kenneth M Langa, Alexi A Wright, Jennifer J Griggs
Background: Obesity complicates medical, nursing, and informal care in severe illness, but its effect on hospice use and Medicare expenditures is unknown. Objective: To describe the associations between body mass index (BMI) and hospice use and Medicare expenditures in the last 6 months of life. Design: Retrospective cohort. Setting: The HRS (Health and Retirement Study). Participants: 5677 community-dwelling Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries who died between 1998 and 2012...
March 21, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164741/single-incision-laparoscopic-inguinal-hernioplasty-versus-conventional-laparoscopic-inguinal-hernioplasty
#15
Shanshan Luo, Shike Wu, Hao Lai, Xianwei Mo, Jiansi Chen
PURPOSE: Additional studies comparing single-incision laparoscopic inguinal hernioplasty (SILH) and conventional laparoscopic inguinal hernioplasty (CLH) have been published, and this study updates the meta-analysis of this subject. METHODS: Two reviewers independently searched the PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Library electronic databases to locate original articles that compared SILH and CLH for inguinal hernia that were published until October 2015...
January 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153583/evolution-of-skin-grafting-for-treatment-of-burns-reverdin-pinch-grafting-to-tanner-mesh-grafting-and-beyond
#16
REVIEW
Mansher Singh, Kristo Nuutila, K C Collins, Anne Huang
BACKGROUND: Skin grafting is the current standard care in the treatment of full thickness burns. It was first described around 1500 BC but the vast majority of advancements have been achieved over the past 200 years. METHODS: An extensive literature review was conducted on Pubmed, Medline and Google Scholar researching the evolution of skin grafting techniques. The authors concentrated on the major landmarks of skin grafting and also provide an overview of ongoing research efforts in this field...
January 30, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138172/academic-performance-of-male-in-comparison-with-female-undergraduate-medical-students-in-pharmacology-examinations
#17
Rizwan Faisal, Laiyla Shinwari, Shahzadi Saima Hussain
OBJECTIVE: To compare the academic performance of male and female medical students in Pharmacology examinations. METHODS: The comparative study was conducted at Rehman Medical College, Peshawar, Pakistan, from March to August 2015. For evaluating the students' academic performance, male and female students of academic sessions 2013-14 and 2014-15 were divided into 4 groups. Group 1: < 50% marks; Group 2: 50-69% marks; Group 3: 70-79% marks; and Group 4: >80% marks...
February 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130997/antiseptic-barrier-cap-effective-in-reducing-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Anne F Voor In 't Holt, Onno K Helder, Margreet C Vos, Laura Schafthuizen, Sandra Sülz, Agnes van den Hoogen, Erwin Ista
BACKGROUND: Microorganisms can intraluminally access a central venous catheter via the catheter hub. The catheter hub should be appropriately disinfected to prevent central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs). However, compliance with the time-consuming manual disinfection process is low. An alternative is the use of an antiseptic barrier cap, which cleans the catheter hub by continuous passive disinfection. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of antiseptic barrier cap use and manual disinfection on the incidence of CLABSIs...
January 22, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130902/the-violent-victimization-of-children-adolescents-adults-and-the-elderly-situational-characteristics-and-victim-injury
#19
James D Kelsay, Marie Skubak Tillyer, Rob Tillyer, Jeffrey T Ward
This study explores the nature and outcome of violent incidents experienced by child, adolescent, adult, and elderly victims. Data from the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) are used to determine whether there are differences in the situational characteristics—including location, time of day, weapons, and the victim–offender relationship—of violent victimization experiences across the 4 age groups, including whether situational characteristics influence the likelihood of victim injury...
January 27, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104002/-ten-day-periodical-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-and-its-concept-of-confluence-of-chinese-and-western-medicine
#20
S B Zhang, Z W Wang
The Ten-day Periodical of Traditional Chinese Medicine, a TCM Journal founded by the Xiamen Professional School of Traditional Chinese Medicine in July 1934, had published a lot of essays written by many TCM physicians that interpret the concept of traditional Chinese medicine by western medicine, offering the academic way of probing confluence of Chinese and Western Medicine in Xiamen. The aim of the Journal includes "developing TCM academy" and the "confluence of TCM with western medicine" , the exploration of TCM and the penetration of Chinese and western medicine, and getting rid of blind faith on "science" to set up the belief of TCM and to prove the ideas of visceral theory and its gasification by the anatomical knowledge of western medicine...
September 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
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