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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285009/the-relation-between-rice-consumption-arsenic-contamination-and-prevalence-of-diabetes-in-south-asia
#1
REVIEW
Fatima Ismail Hassan, Kamal Niaz, Fazlullah Khan, Faheem Maqbool, Mohammad Abdollahi
Rice is the major staple food for about two billion people living in Asia. It has been reported to contain considerable amount of inorganic arsenic which is toxic to pancreatic beta cells and disrupt glucose homeostasis. Articles and conference papers published between 1992 and 2017, indexed in Scopus, PubMed, EMBASE, Google, and Google scholar were used. Arsenic exposure has been associated with increased blood glucose and insulin levels, or decreased sensitization of insulin cells to glucose uptake. Several studies have shown the association between inorganic arsenic exposure and incidence of diabetes mellitus...
2017: EXCLI Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282602/cytoreductive-surgery-and-hyperthermic-intraperitoneal-chemotherapy-for-the-elderly-is-it-reasonable-a-meta-analysis
#2
Johan Gagnière, Julie Veziant, Bruno Pereira, Denis Pezet, Bertrand Le Roy, Karem Slim
BACKGROUND: Whether cytoreductive surgery (CRS) plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is safe and worthwhile for elderly patients remains unclear. This meta-analysis of outcomes after CRS plus HIPEC for the elderly aimed to generate a higher level of evidence and precise indications for these patients. METHODS: A systematic literature search for studies reporting postoperative outcomes after CRS plus HIPEC for elderly patients was performed in the MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, ClinicalTrials...
December 28, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261540/looking-back-to-move-forward-first-year-medical-students-meta-reflections-on-their-narrative-portfolio-writings
#3
Hetty Cunningham, Delphine Taylor, Urmi A Desai, Samuel C Quiah, Benjamin Kaplan, Lorraine Fei, Marina Catallozzi, Boyd Richards, Dorene F Balmer, Rita Charon
The day-to-day rigors of medical education often preclude learners from gaining a longitudinal perspective on who they are becoming. Furthermore, the current focus on competencies, coupled with concerning rates of trainee burnout and a decline in empathy, have fueled the search for pedagogic tools to foster students' reflective capacity. In response, many scholars have looked to the tradition of narrative medicine to foster "reflective spaces" wherein holistic professional identity construction can be supported...
December 19, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29251358/acute-kidney-injury-post-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#4
REVIEW
Pradhum Ram, Kenechukwu Mezue, Gregg Pressman, Janani Rangaswami
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is a treatment option in high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis who are not surgical candidates. In light of emerging evidence, it is being increasingly performed even in intermediate-risk patients in recent years. Patients who develop acute kidney injury (AKI) following TAVR are known to have worse outcomes. The objective of this concise review was to identify the prevalence and the impact of AKI following TAVR on patient outcomes by including the most recent literature in our search...
December 18, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240483/evaluating-a-nurse-scholarship-programme-realising-potential
#5
Jennie Burch, Clare Taylor
Evaluation is an integral component of any nurse education programme and ideally requires a multi-method approach. This article describes both the formative and summative evaluation of the St Mark's Burdett nurse scholarship from the perspective of the health professionals involved. During the nursing scholar's specialty placements, their achievements were recorded alongside a more detailed insight into their ongoing development during weekly supervision sessions. The summative evaluation comprised recording their attendance at taught study days, progress in academic modules and one-to-one interviews...
December 14, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237451/delay-in-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-low-and-middle-income-settings-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Fentabil Getnet, Meaza Demissie, Nega Assefa, Bizatu Mengistie, Alemayehu Worku
BACKGROUND: Assessment of delays in seeking care and diagnosis of tuberculosis is essential to evaluate effectiveness of tuberculosis control programs, and identify programmatic impediments. Thus, this review of studies aimed to examine the extent of patient, health system, and total delays in diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in low- and middle- income countries. METHODS: It was done following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses...
December 13, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231767/high-altitude-induced-alterations-in-gut-immune-axis-a-review
#7
Kunjan Khanna, K P Mishra, Lilly Ganju, Bhuvnesh Kumar, Shashi Bala Singh
High-altitude sojourn above 8000 ft is increasing day by day either for pilgrimage, mountaineering, holidaying or for strategic reasons. In India, soldiers are deployed to these high mountains for their duty or pilgrims visit to the holy places, which are located at very high altitude. A large population also resides permanently in high altitude regions. Every year thousands of pilgrims visit Holy cave of Shri Amarnath ji, which is above 15 000 ft. The poor acclimatization to high altitude may cause alteration in immunity...
December 12, 2017: International Reviews of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231621/-discussion-on-xuetou-xingzou-xuedao-ge-and-meridian-qi-flowing-cycle
#8
Min Chen
The xuetou xingzou xuedao ge is the representative for traumatic injury treated with acupoints of shaolin traumatology. It is mentioned that blood circulates to different acupoints in the governor vessel and the conception vessel at different time divisions a day. In the paper, the relationship is discussed between the blood circulation and the qi flowing cycle in the governor vessel, the conception vessel and the 12 regular meridians. It is found that the time for blood passing by at acupoint is closely related to the time division in meridian qi flowing...
May 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210105/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-diagnostic-accuracy-of-serum-refractometry-and-brix-refractometry-for-the-diagnosis-of-inadequate-transfer-of-passive-immunity-in-calves
#9
REVIEW
S Buczinski, E Gicquel, G Fecteau, Y Takwoingi, M Chigerwe, J M Vandeweerd
BACKGROUND: Transfer of passive immunity in calves can be assessed by direct measurement of immunoglobulin G (IgG) by methods such as radial immunodiffusion (RID) or turbidimetric immunoassay (TIA). IgG can also be measured indirectly by methods such as serum refractometry (REF) or Brix refractometry (BRIX). OBJECTIVES: To determine the accuracy of REF and BRIX for assessment of inadequate transfer of passive immunity (ITPI) in calves. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic accuracy studies...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195714/-gastric-acid-rebound-after-a-proton-pump-inhibitor-narrative-review-of-literature
#10
Michaël Rochoy, Sébastien Dubois, Raymond Glantenet, Sophie Gautier, Marc Lambert
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of the first proton pump inhibitor (PPI) 20 years ago, studies have examined the presence of a rebound effect when this treatment is discontinued. These studies are heterogeneous and contradictory: the last literature review on the rebound in gastric acidity dates from 2006 and did not allow to conclude on the subject. Our objective was to carry out an up-to-date literature review on the existence and characteristics of this gastric acid rebound at the end of PPIs...
October 26, 2017: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164094/application-of-the-intervention-mapping-framework-to-develop-an-integrated-twenty-first-century-core-curriculum-part-two-translation-of-mph-core-competencies-into-an-integrated-theory-based-core-curriculum
#11
Jaime A Corvin, Rita DeBate, Kate Wolfe-Quintero, Donna J Petersen
In the twenty-first century, the dynamics of health and health care are changing, necessitating a commitment to revising traditional public health curricula to better meet present day challenges. This article describes how the College of Public Health at the University of South Florida utilized the Intervention Mapping framework to translate revised core competencies into an integrated, theory-driven core curriculum to meet the training needs of the twenty-first century public health scholar and practitioner...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151234/excavating-the-psyche-a-social-history-of-soviet-psychiatry-in-bulgaria
#12
Julian Chehirian
This article investigates how an imported Soviet psychiatric model affected Bulgarians who experienced psychological crisis by examining therapeutic possibilities that were available and foreclosed in the People's Republic of Bulgaria. Bulgarians struggling with psychological disorders in the present day experience polar forms of marginalization: non-recognition on one extreme, and chronic medicalization on the other. Both tendencies can be traced to the Communist-period remodeling of mental healthcare, which outlawed private practice and individual-centered therapy, which reified empirically observable, physiological underpinnings of pathology while suppressing therapies that engaged with the existential context of mental illness...
November 18, 2017: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140960/radiofrequency-procedures-to-relieve-chronic-hip-pain-an-evidence-based-narrative-review
#13
Anuj Bhatia, Yasmine Hoydonckx, Philip Peng, Steven P Cohen
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Chronic hip pain from osteoarthritis and other degenerative conditions is a common problem. A few publications have recently reported analgesic success of radiofrequency (RF) procedures on nerves innervating the hip, but interpretation is hampered by lack of clarity regarding indications, clinical protocols, anatomic targets, and longevity of benefit from RF procedures. METHODS: We reviewed the following medical literature databases for publications on RF procedures on the hip joint for chronic pain: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Google Scholar through February 28, 2017...
November 14, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137664/therapeutic-efficacy-of-artemether-lumefantrine-in-the-treatment-of-uncomplicated-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-in-ethiopia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Mohammed Biset Ayalew
BACKGROUND: As Ethiopia is one of the sub-Saharan countries with a great burden of malaria the effectiveness of first line anti-malarial drugs is the major concern. The aim of this study was to synthesize the available evidence on the efficacy of artemether-lumefantrine in the treatment of uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Ethiopia. This was done by performing a meta-analysis of recent studies conducted in the country on this topic. METHODS: Studies published between January 2010 and January 2017 that reported on the efficacy of artemether-lumefantrine in the treatment of P...
November 15, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137006/definition-of-persistent-vomiting-in-current-medical-literature-a-systematic-review
#15
Mostafa Ebraheem Morra, Abdelrahman Elshafay, Aswin Ratna Kansakar, Ghaleb Muhammad Mehyar, Nguyen Phan Hoang Dang, Omar Mohamed Mattar, Somia Iqtadar, Mostafa Reda Mostafa, Vu Ngoc Hai, Tran Le-Huy Vu, Ahmed Abdelmotaleb Ghazy, Fatima Kaboub, Nguyen Tien Huy, Kenji Hirayama
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Persistent vomiting is mentioned as a symptom of a large variety of systemic disorders. It is commonly used interchangeably with chronic, recurrent, or intractable vomiting and widely used as a warning sign of severe illness in dengue infection. However, it has been poorly defined in the medical literature. Therefore, we aimed to systematically review a definition of persistent vomiting in the medical literature. METHODS: A systematic search was done through; PubMed, Google Scholar, Web of Science, Scopus, VHL, WHO-GHL, Grey Literature Report, POPLINE, and SIGLE for the last 10 years...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111915/effects-of-egg-consumption-on-blood-lipids-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#16
Mohammad Hossein Rouhani, Nafiseh Rashidi-Pourfard, Amin Salehi-Abargouei, Majid Karimi, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost
BACKGROUND: It is widely agreed that egg consumption only modestly influences serum lipid concentrations. However, there is no meta-analysis summarizing existing randomized controlled trials. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to conduct a meta-analysis of published randomized controlled trials to explore the quantitative effect of egg consumption on serum lipid concentrations. DESIGN: Online databases including MEDLINE, Proquest and Google Scholar were systematically searched...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098136/the-effectiveness-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-treatment-of-psychiatric-disorders
#17
REVIEW
Vikram Kumar, Yasar Sattar, Anan Bseiso, Sara Khan, Ian H Rutkofsky
This review article is an overview of the effectiveness of internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT) in the treatment of psychiatric disorders. ICBT's effectiveness has been investigated in treating and managing conditions like depression, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), adjustment disorder, bipolar disorder, chronic pain, and phobias. ICBT's role in the treatment of medical conditions such as diabetes mellitus with comorbid psychiatric illnesses was also explored...
August 29, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068166/meta-analysis-of-transfemoral-tavr-versus-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement
#18
Sameer Arora, Satyanarayana R Vaidya, Paula D Strassle, Jacob A Misenheimer, Jeremy A Rhodes, Cassandra J Ramm, Evan N Wheeler, Thomas G Caranasos, Matthew A Cavender, John P Vavalle
BACKGROUND: In the recently concluded PARTNER 2 trial, TF-TAVR cohort was shown to have lower risks of death or disabling strokes as compared to SAVR, whereas the outcomes with transthoracic TAVR were comparable with SAVR. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Google Scholar for all comparison studies between TAVR and SAVR and mortality as an outcome, irrespective of surgical risk. Randomized controlled trials and propensity-score-matched cohort studies that used a transfemoral approach exclusively or stratified results by route of access and reported data for TF-TAVR patients were eligible for inclusion...
October 25, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062173/effect-of-ethanolic-extract-from-seeds-or-pods-of-xylopia-aethiopica-dunal-a-rich-annonaceae-on-the-testicular-function-of-adult-male-rats
#19
Sunny O Abarikwu, Aemere Ogunlaja, Chiagoziem A Otuechere, OlatunBosun Gideon
Xylopia aethiopica (Annonaceae) is used in some folk medicines and widely consumed as a spice in some parts of Nigeria. Its efficacy as an anti-androgenic substance has warranted the attention of African scholars. This study evaluated the enzymatic activity of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), γ-glutamyl transferase (γ-GT), sperm quality (motility, count, morphology), testosterone level and histo-pathological changes of the testis of rats chronically treated with ethanolic extract of the pods (without seeds), seeds, and fruits (pods + seeds) of Xylopia aethiopica...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056310/breastfeeding-outcomes-in-washington-state-determining-the-effect-of-loving-support-peer-counseling-program-and-characteristics-of-participants-at-wic-agencies
#20
Catherine Hui Min Lee, Jean O'Leary, Phyllis Kirk, Timothy A Lower
OBJECTIVE: Determining the effect of the Loving Support Peer Counseling Program (LSPCP), and characteristics of participants on breastfeeding (BF) outcomes at Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) agencies in Washington State. DESIGN: Nonrandomized treatment vs control. SETTING: Public Health-Seattle and King County (PHSKC), Catholic Health Initiatives Franciscan Medical Group (CHIFMG). PARTICIPANTS: Women enrolled in WIC (intervention: PHSKC, n = 15,290; CHIFMG, n = 3,582)...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
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