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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430165/treatments-for-latrodectism-a-systematic-review-on-their-clinical-effectiveness
#1
REVIEW
Nicole M Ryan, Nicholas A Buckley, Andis Graudins
Latrodectism or envenomation by widow-spiders is common and clinically significant worldwide. Alpha-latrotoxin is the mammalian-specific toxin in the venom that results in toxic effects observed in humans. Symptoms may be incapacitating and include severe pain that can persist for days. The management of mild to moderate latrodectism is primarily supportive while severe cases have variously been treated with intravenous calcium, muscle relaxants, widow-spider antivenom and analgesic opioids. The object of this systematic review is to examine the literature on the clinical effectiveness of past and current treatments for latrodectism...
April 21, 2017: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422799/publication-rates-of-abstracts-accepted-to-the-2010-2012-annual-meetings-of-the-north-american-spine-society
#2
Ankur S Narain, Fady Y Hijji, Krishna T Kudaravalli, Kelly H Yom, Kern Singh
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of conference abstracts. OBJECTIVE: To determine the publication rate of podium and poster presentations at the 2010-2012 North American Spine Society (NASS) annual meetings. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Presentations at medical conferences are utilized to disseminate new clinical information. The orthopaedic literature estimates the rate of publication for abstracts presented at major meetings to be between 34...
April 18, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413803/epidemiology-of-burn-injuries-in-nepal-a-systemic-review
#3
REVIEW
Sanjib Tripathee, Surendra Jung Basnet
Burn is a global public health problem associated with significant morbidity and mortality, mostly in low- and middle-income countries. Southeast-Asian countries share a big burden of burn injuries, and Nepal is not an exception. We performed a systemic review to examine the epidemiological characteristics of burn injures in Nepal. Relevant epidemiological studies were identified through systemic search in PubMed, EMBASE, and Google Scholar. Reference lists from relevant review articles were also searched. Studies were included if they meet our selection criteria...
2017: Burns and trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411712/treatment-options-and-outcomes-for-caval-thrombectomy-and-resection-for-renal-cell-carcinoma
#4
REVIEW
Georges M Haidar, Taylor D Hicks, Hosam F El-Sayed, Mark G Davies
OBJECTIVE: Advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) has a significant predisposition to vascular invasion. Tumor vascular invasion and thrombus are found in the renal vein and the inferior vena cava (IVC) in up to 10% to 25% of patients. This study reviewed the current status of radical nephrectomy with IVC thrombectomy for advanced RCC. METHODS: A two-level search strategy of the literature (MEDLINE, PubMed, The Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar) for relevant articles listed between January 2000 and December 2015 was performed...
May 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409434/the-sgim-teach-program-a-curriculum-for-teachers-of-clinical-medicine
#5
Christopher L Knight, Donna M Windish, Steven A Haist, Reena Karani, Shobhina Chheda, Michael Rosenblum, Preetha Basaviah, Abby L Spencer, Eva M Aagaard
BACKGROUND: Demand for faculty with teaching expertise is increasing as medical education is becoming well established as a career pathway. Junior faculty may be expected to take on teaching responsibilities with minimal training in teaching skills. AIM: To address the faculty development needs of junior clinician-educators with teaching responsibilities and those changing their career focus to include teaching. SETTING: Sessions at two Society of General Internal Medicine (SGIM) annual meetings combined with local coaching and online learning during the intervening year...
April 13, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402150/motivational-and-parental-mediation-factors-related-to-kenyan-adolescents-intake-of-sexual-radio-and-tv-content
#6
Kyalo Wa Ngula, Ann Neville Miller, Hellen K Mberia
Research on the influence of media on youths' sexual behavior in sub-Saharan Africa has focused almost entirely on the effects of multimedia health communication campaigns and edutainment programming. Scholarly literature is nearly silent about the influence of the multiple hours that young people in many sub-Saharan nations spend immersed in increasingly sex-heavy entertainment programming. We surveyed a stratified cluster sample of 437 Nairobi public high school students about motivational and parental mediation factors associated with their exposure to sexual radio and TV content...
April 12, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402094/effect-of-anesthesia-methods-on-postoperative-major-adverse-cardiac-events-and-mortality-after-non-cardiac-surgeries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Ran An, Qian-Yun Pang, Bo Chen, Hong-Liang Liu
BACKGROUND: Postoperative major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) are the main cause of postoperative mortality, and controversies exist regarding the effects of anesthesia methods on postoperative MACEs and mortality in high-risk cardiac patients after non-cardiac surgeries. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A Meta-analysis about the effect of anesthesia methods on postoperative MACEs and mortality in high-risk cardiac patients undergoing intermediate- or high-risk non-cardiac surgeries was conducted; Chinese databases (SinoMed, CNKI, Wanfang, and VIP) and English databases (Medline, EMBASE, PubMed, Springer, Ovid, the Cochrane Library, and Google scholar) were searched...
April 11, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389966/the-effect-and-safety-of-monoclonal-antibodies-to-calcitonin-gene-related-peptide-and-its-receptor-on-migraine-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Min Hou, Haiyan Xing, Yongqing Cai, Bin Li, Xianfeng Wang, Pan Li, Xiaolin Hu, Jianhong Chen
BACKGROUND: Migraine has been recognized as one of the leading causes of disability in the 2013 Global Burden of Disease Study and seriously affects the quality of patients' life, current treatment options are not ideal. Monoclonal antibodies to calcitonin gene-related peptide and its receptor (CGRP-mAbs) appear more promising for migraine because of considerably better effect and safety profiles. The objective of this study is to systematically assess the clinical efficacy and safety of CGRP-mAbs for migraine therapy...
December 2017: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368505/effects-of-cranioplasty-on-cerebral-blood-flow-following-decompressive-craniectomy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#9
Sameer H Halani, Jason K Chu, James G Malcolm, Rima S Rindler, Jason W Allen, Jonathan A Grossberg, Gustavo Pradilla, Faiz U Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Cranioplasty after decompressive craniectomy (DC) is routinely performed for reconstructive purposes and has been recently linked to improved cerebral blood flow (CBF) and neurological function. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review all available literature to evaluate the effect of cranioplasty on CBF and neurocognitive recovery. METHODS: A PubMed, Google Scholar, and MEDLINE search adhering to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines included studies reporting patients who underwent DC and subsequent cranioplasty in whom cerebral hemodynamics were measured before and after cranioplasty...
March 29, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363421/the-effect-of-femoral-nerve-block-on-quadriceps-strength-in-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Katherine R Swank, Alex C DiBartola, Joshua S Everhart, Christopher C Kaeding, Robert A Magnussen, David C Flanigan
PURPOSE: To assess the isokinetic, functional, and patient-reported outcomes of femoral nerve block (FNB) compared with traditional multimodal anesthesia for FNB in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, Scopus, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Reviews, and Google Scholar was conducted according to the 2009 Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
March 28, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361819/pioglitazone-utilization-efficacy-safety-in-indian-type-2-diabetic-patients-a-systematic-review-comparison-with-european-medicines-agency-assessment-report
#11
REVIEW
Sarayu A Pai, Nilima A Kshirsagar
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: With pioglitazone ban and subsequent revoking in India along with varying regulatory decisions in other countries, it was decided to carry out a systematic review on its safety, efficacy and drug utilization in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in India and compare with the data from the European Medicines Agency Assessment Report (EMA-AR). METHODS: Systematic review was performed as per the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, searching Medline/PubMed, Google Scholar and Science Direct databases using 'pioglitazone AND India AND human' and 'pioglitazone AND India AND human AND patient' and compared with EMA-AR...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361391/relation-between-bispectral-index-measurements-of-anesthetic-depth-and-postoperative-mortality-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#12
Andres Zorrilla-Vaca, Ryan J Healy, Christopher L Wu, Michael C Grant
INTRODUCTION: The association between anesthesia depth and mortality is still controversial. There are a number of narrative reviews on this topic that affirm this association, but their conclusions were based only on qualitative analyses. The aim of this meta-analysis of observational studies was to examine the potential association between depth of anesthesia as a low bispectral index (BIS) and mortality using appropriate quantitative methods. METHODS: The literature was systematically reviewed in three main electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar) to identify all articles from inception through December 2015 regarding the association between depth of anesthesia and mortality...
March 30, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352042/advancements-in-bait-technology-to-control-glossina-swynnertoni-austen-the-species-of-limited-distribution-in-kenya-and-tanzania-border-a-review
#13
REVIEW
Yakob P Nagagi, Richard S Silayo, Eliningaya J Kweka
Glossina swynnertoni is a savannah tsetse that is largely confined to the Serengeti-Mara [a very small part of East Africa covering northern Tanzania (Arusha and Manyara regions and parts of Shinyanga and Mara regions) extending Maasai Mara ecosystem in southwestern Kenya]. Nevertheless, it is of great concern to human and animal health and is one of the top target tsetse species for eradication. To achieve this eradication objective, it is important to know about its behaviour so that the appropriate tools/measures especially the right traps can be applied against it...
January 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329490/tamoxifen-induced-radiation-recall-dermatitis
#14
Alexandra Bourgeois, Stratton B Grisoli, Erik J Soine, Les B Rosen
BACKGROUND: Radiation recall dermatitis (RRD) canpresent days to years after radiation exposure andis most commonly caused by chemotherapy drugs,with tamoxifen-induced radiation recall dermatitisbeing exceptionally rare. PURPOSE: To report a newcase of tamoxifen-induced radiation recall dermatitisafter 4.5 years of tamoxifen exposure, making this thelongest time of onset to RRD after tamoxifen initiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The case of a woman withtamoxifen-induced RRD is presented...
February 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326399/total-knee-replacement-for-tricompartmental-arthritis-in-a-patient-with-a-below-knee-amputation-after-a-previous-closing-wedge-high-tibial-osteotomy
#15
Mark A Fleming, Michael C Dixon
This is a report of a 64-year-old man who had undergone a high tibial osteotomy (HTO) 17 years ago of his right knee for medial compartment osteoarthritis; 5 days later, he received a below-knee amputation owing to a missed popliteal artery injury at the time of the HTO. We elected to perform a total knee replacement (TKR) for progressive arthritis of the ipsilateral knee 17 years after the transtibial amputation. Although there is a plethora of literature regarding TKR in the contralateral knee of amputees, there is a paucity of data of TKR in the ipsilateral knee...
June 2016: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306333/efficacy-and-safety-of-naftopidil-in-the-medical-expulsion-therapy-for-distal-ureteral-stone-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Jun Li, Zhuang Tang, Liang Gao, Jinhong Li, Feng Qin, Jiuhong Yuan
PURPOSE: The selective α-adrenoceptor blocker is widely used as a cost-effective treatment option for medical expulsive therapy (MET) of ureteral stones. In this review, we aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of naftopidil for MET compared with control or tamsulosin. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, and Google Scholar to identify randomized controlled trials that compared naftopidil with either control or tamsulosin for the management of distal ureteral stones...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293967/efficacy-of-rasagiline-for-the-treatment-of-parkinson-s-disease-an-updated-meta-analysis
#17
Ying Chang, Li-Bo Wang, Dan Li, Ke Lei, Song-Yan Liu
OBJECTIVE: Rasagiline is a second-generation potent selective inhibitor of monoamine oxidase-B. The aim of the study was to analyze the effectiveness of rasagiline in treatment of Parkinson's disease (PD), both as monotherapy and combination therapy. METHODS: Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, and Google Scholar databases were searched until 9 March 2016 using the keywords: Rasagiline, Azilect, Parkinson's disease. Randomized controlled trials of patients with PD who were randomized to treatment with rasagiline or placebo were included...
March 15, 2017: Annals of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289385/plant-derived-phytocompound-embelin-in-cns-disorders-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Uday P Kundap, Saatheeyavaane Bhuvanendran, Yatinesh Kumari, Iekhsan Othman, Mohd Farooq Shaikh
A Central nervous system (CNS) disease is the one which affects either the spinal cord or brain and causing neurological or psychiatric complications. During the nineteenth century, modern medicines have occupied the therapy for many ailments and are widely used these days. Herbal medicines have often maintained popularity for historical and cultural reasons and also considered safer as they originate from natural sources. Embelin is a plant-based benzoquinone which is the major active constituent of the fruits of Embelia ribes Burm...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273208/comparison-of-outcomes-between-off-pump-versus-on-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-in-elderly-patients-a-meta-analysis
#19
Z G Zhu, W Xiong, J L Ding, J Chen, Y Li, J L Zhou, J J Xu
The aim of this study was to analyze if off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) is associated with better treatment outcomes in elderly patients (>70 years of age) than on-pump CABG, using meta-analysis. Medline, PubMed, Cochrane and Google Scholar databases were searched until September 13, 2016. Sensitivity and quality assessment were performed. Twenty-two studies, three randomized control trials (RCTs) and 20 non-RCTs were included with 24,127 patients. The risk of death associated with on-pump or off-pump CABG in the RCTs were similar (pooled OR=0...
March 2, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265881/raloxifene-lowers-plasma-lipoprotein-a-concentrations-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-placebo-controlled-trials
#20
Gianna Ferretti, Tiziana Bacchetti, Luis E Simental-Mendía, Željko Reiner, Maciej Banach, Amirhossein Sahebkar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Lipoprotein(a) (Lp(a)) is a proatherogenic plasma lipoprotein and an independent risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. We investigated the effects of raloxifene, selective estrogen receptor modulator, on circulating Lp(a) levels in postmenopausal women using a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: To identify relevant studies, electronic databases (PUBMED, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar) were searched by up to May 2015 to find controlled trials exploring the effects of oral raloxifene treatment on plasma Lp(a) levels in postmenopausal women...
March 7, 2017: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
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