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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787851/jetlag-related-sleep-problems-and-its-management-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Cemal Cingi, Ismet Emrah Emre, Nuray Bayar Muluk
OBJECTIVES: We reviewed Jetlag, particularly in view of its effects on sleep and how it can be managed. METHODS: The Proquest Central database of Kırıkkale University, PubMed and Google scholar were used while searching for the following key words: "Jetlag", "symptoms", "sleep", "melatonin" and "treatment". RESULTS: Flight dysrhythmia, otherwise known as jetlag, is caused by flying globally over various time zones...
May 19, 2018: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786658/melatonin-as-a-therapy-for-traumatic-brain-injury-a-review-of-published-evidence
#2
REVIEW
Nicole Osier, Emily McGreevy, Lan Pham, Ava Puccio, Dianxu Ren, Yvette P Conley, Sheila Alexander, C Edward Dixon
Melatonin (MEL) is a hormone that is produced in the brain and is known to bind to MEL-specific receptors on neuronal membranes in several brain regions. MEL's documented neuroprotective properties, low toxicity, and ability to cross the blood-brain-barrier have led to its evaluation for patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI), a condition for which there are currently no Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved therapies. The purpose of this manuscript is to summarize the evidence surrounding the use of melatonin after TBI, as well as identify existing gaps and future directions...
May 22, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781182/valve-in-valve-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-viv-tavi-versus-redo-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement-redo-savr-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Nikhil Nalluri, Varunsiri Atti, Abdullah B Munir, Boutros Karam, Nileshkumar J Patel, Varun Kumar, Praveen Vemula, Susruth Edla, Deepak Asti, Amrutha Paturu, Sriramya Gayam, Jonathan Spagnola, Emad Barsoum, Gregory A Maniatis, Frank Tamburrino, Ruben Kandov, James Lafferty, Chad Kliger
BACKGROUND: Bioprosthetic (BP) valves have been increasingly used for aortic valve replacement over the last decade. Due to their limited durability, patients presenting with failed BP valves are rising. Valve in Valve - Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (ViV-TAVI) emerged as an alternative to the gold standard redo-Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement (redo-SAVR). However, the utility of ViV-TAVI is poorly understood. METHODS: A systematic electronic search of the scientific literature was done in PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, Google Scholar, and ClinicalTrials...
May 20, 2018: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776652/meta-analysis-of-transcatheter-valve-in-valve-implantation-versus-redo-aortic-valve-surgery-for-bioprosthetic-aortic-valve-dysfunction
#4
Saroj Neupane, Hemindermeet Singh, Johannes Lämmer, Hussein Othman, Hiroshi Yamasaki, Howard S Rosman, Eduardo Bossone, Rajendra H Mehta, Holger Eggebrecht
Transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation (ViV-TAVI) has evolved as an alternative to redo surgical valve replacement (redo-SAVR) for high-risk patients with aortic bioprosthetic valve (BPV) dysfunction. The differences in procedural success and outcomes in a large number of patients who underwent ViV-TAVI compared with redo-SAVR for aortic BPV dysfunction are not known. We conducted a meta-analysis of the previously reported studies to determine outcomes after ViV-TAVI and redo-SAVR. PubMed, MEDLINE, and Google Scholar databases were searched for studies that reported comparative outcomes of patients who underwent either ViV-TAVI or redo-SAVR...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776324/intraoperative-cryoanalgesia-for-reducing-post-tonsillectomy-pain-a-systemic-review
#5
Blake S Raggio, Blair M Barton, Maria C Grant, Edward D McCoul
OBJECTIVE: Summarize the effectiveness of intraoperative cryoanalgesia in the management of postoperative pain among patients undergoing palatine tonsillectomy. METHODS: A systematic review of PubMED, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and Cochrane trial registries was performed through January 2017 using the PRISMA standards. We included English-language randomized controlled trials evaluating patients of all age groups with benign pathology who underwent tonsillectomy with cryoanalgesia versus without...
June 2018: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767332/recent-development-in-antihyperalgesic-effect-of-phytochemicals-anti-inflammatory-and-neuro-modulatory-actions
#6
REVIEW
Ajeet Kumar Singh, Sanjay Kumar, Manjula Vinayak
INTRODUCTION: Pain is an unpleasant sensation triggered by noxious stimulation. It is one of the most prevalent conditions, limiting productivity and diminishing quality of life. Non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are widely used as pain relievers in present day practice as pain is mostly initiated due to inflammation. However, due to potentially serious side effects, long term use of these antihyperalgesic drugs raises concern. Therefore there is a demand to search novel medicines with least side effects...
May 16, 2018: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752837/understanding-the-invisibility-of-black-nurse-leaders-using-a-black-feminist-poststructuralist-framework
#7
Keisha Jefferies, Lisa Goldberg, Megan Aston, Gail Tomblin Murphy
AIM: This paper explores the invisibility and underrepresentation of Black nurses in formal and informal leadership roles using a Black feminist poststructuralist framework. The paper describes historical and contemporary challenges experienced by Black nurses throughout their nursing education and in practice. It also highlights how social and institutional discourses continue to marginalize and oppress Black nurses as leaders and render them invisible. BACKGROUND: Diversity amongst nursing leaders is essential to inform health care delivery, develop inclusive practices and provide culturally sensitive care...
May 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747751/the-effect-of-ginger-supplementation-on-lipid-profile-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials
#8
REVIEW
Makan Pourmasoumi, Amir Hadi, Nahid Rafie, Ameneh Najafgholizadeh, Hamed Mohammadi, Mohammad Hossein Rouhani
BACKGROUND: Elevated levels of blood lipids are a major cause of atherosclerosis and consequently cardiovascular disease. Several studies used ginger as a lipid lowering agent. PURPOSE: The aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to clarify the effect of ginger supplementation on lipid parameters. METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, ISI Web of Science and Google Scholar were systematically searched until May 2017 to find clinical trials which examined effect of ginger supplementation on level of lipid parameters in adult participants...
April 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741691/the-volume-threshold-of-300-versus-100-ml-day-for-chest-tube-removal-after-pulmonary-lobectomy-a-meta-analysis
#9
Tian-Xiang Zhang, Ye Zhang, Zhi-Dong Liu, Shi-Jie Zhou, Shao-Fa Xu
OBJECTIVES: In this meta-analysis, we conducted a pooled analysis of clinical studies comparing the efficacy of a volume threshold of 300 ml/day before removing a chest tube (CT) versus 100 ml/day after a lobectomy. METHODS: According to the recommendations of the Cochrane Collaboration, we established a rigorous study protocol. We performed a systematic electronic search of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science databases, CNKI, the Wanfang database, CBMdisc and Google Scholar to identify articles to include in our meta-analysis...
May 7, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736895/cost-effectiveness-of-biological-asthma-treatments-a-systematic-review-and-recommendations-for-future-economic-evaluations
#10
REVIEW
R Brett McQueen, Danielle N Sheehan, Melanie D Whittington, Job F M van Boven, Jonathan D Campbell
BACKGROUND: Recently developed asthma biological therapies have been shown to provide relief for severe asthma patients not controlled by inhaled treatment. Given the relatively high costs of biological therapies, cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) may be required as a prerequisite for coverage and reimbursement. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to systematically review published literature on the economic impact of biological asthma therapies and to identify key drivers that impact cost-effectiveness in order to provide recommendations for future economic evaluations...
May 8, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710325/delays-in-the-publication-of-important-clinical-trial-findings-in-oncology
#11
Lindor Qunaj, Raina H Jain, Coral L Atoria, Renee L Gennarelli, Jennifer E Miller, Peter B Bach
Importance: The complete and timely dissemination of clinical trial data is essential to all fields of medicine, with delayed or incomplete data release having potentially deleterious effects on both patient care and scientific inquiry. While prior analyses have noted a substantial lag in the reporting of final clinical study results, we sought to refine these observations through use of a novel starting point for the measurement of dissemination delays: the date of a corporate press release regarding a phase 3 study's results...
April 12, 2018: JAMA Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694458/hospital-readmissions-in-patients-with-cirrhosis-a-systematic-review
#12
Eric S Orman, Marwan Ghabril, Thomas W Emmett, Naga Chalasani
BACKGROUND: Hospital readmission is a significant problem for patients with complex chronic illnesses such as liver cirrhosis. PURPOSE: We aimed to describe the range of readmission risk in patients with cirrhosis and the impact of the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score. DATA SOURCES: We conducted a systematic review of studies identified in Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, the Cochrane Library, Scopus, Google Scholar, and ClinicalTrials...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669934/divergent-responses-to-kisspeptin-in-children-with-delayed-puberty
#13
Yee-Ming Chan, Margaret F Lippincott, Temitope O Kusa, Stephanie B Seminara
BACKGROUND: The neuropeptide kisspeptin stimulates luteinizing hormone (LH) secretion in healthy adults but not in adults with idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism. We hypothesized that, in children presenting with delayed or stalled puberty, kisspeptin would elicit LH secretion in those children found on detailed nighttime neuroendocrine profiling to have evidence of emerging reproductive endocrine function. METHODS: Eleven boys and four girls were admitted overnight to assess LH secretion at baseline, after a single intravenous bolus of kisspeptin, and after a single intravenous bolus of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)...
April 19, 2018: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669649/stories-are-like-water-an-academic-writing-workshop-for-nurses
#14
Madeline Walker, Coby Tschanz
Traditionally, there is very little formal instruction in academic writing for nurses in graduate programs. We, the writing scholar and a nurse educator and PhD student at a major Canadian university, describe how we collaborated on developing and delivering a 1-day academic writing workshop for incoming master of nursing students. By sharing this description, we hope to motivate nursing faculty to offer similar workshops to address the dearth of writing instruction for graduate students in nursing and to improve scholarship outcomes...
April 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653273/jacques-joseph-bonhomme-1708-1793-forgotten-french-neuroanatomist-and-surgeon
#15
REVIEW
Ali Akhaddar
Although relatively little is written of Jacques-Joseph Bonhomme's life (1708-1793) and contribution, his descriptions of the brain "Traité de la Céphalotomie" (Treatise on dissection of the Head) were among the most accurate of his day. Published in 1748 in Avignon (France), this book remained a valuable resource to anatomists and surgeons as it was highlighted in many publications. Bonhomme was one of the first surgeons to study brain details in the skull on natural position. The brain was cut perpendicularly along the median line with new techniques of dissection (by the bottom of the head and not by the top)...
April 10, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620390/yoga-as-an-intervention-for-psychological-symptoms-following-trauma-a-systematic-review-and-quantitative-synthesis
#16
Viann N Nguyen-Feng, Cari J Clark, Mary E Butler
Despite evidence of the physiologic impact of trauma, treatments are only beginning to focus on the impact of trauma on the body. Yoga may be a promising treatment for trauma sequelae, given research that supports yoga for general distress. The present study aims to systematically assess and quantitatively synthesize the effectiveness of yoga interventions for psychological symptoms (posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD], depression, anxiety symptoms) following potentially traumatic life events. The following electronic databases were systematically searched: PsycINFO, Ovid Medline/PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and Embase/Embase Classic...
April 5, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616407/a-meta-summary-of-case-reports-of-non-vitamin-k-antagonist-oral-anticoagulant-use-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-thrombus
#17
Aloysius Sheng-Ting Leow, Ching-Hui Sia, Benjamin Yong-Qiang Tan, Joshua Ping-Yun Loh
Left ventricular (LV) thrombus is commonly seen in patients with extensive anterior ST-elevation myocardial infarction. The standard of care for LV thrombus is anticoagulation with warfarin. However, there has been an increasing trend of case reports using non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOAC) for the treatment of LV thrombus. This study aimed to perform a meta-summary of the literature to characterise and evaluate the safety and feasibility of using NOAC in patients with LV thrombus. We searched for articles published in four electronic databases: PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus and Google Scholar using an appropriate keyword/MeSH term search strategy...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614995/racecadotril-in-the-treatment-of-acute-diarrhea-in-children-a-systematic-comprehensive-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Marion Eberlin, Min Chen, Tobias Mueck, Jan Däbritz
BACKGROUND: Racecadotril is a guideline-recommended option for the treatment of acute diarrhea in children but existing guidelines and previous reviews of the field are based on a small fraction of published evidence. Therefore, we have performed a systematic search for randomized controlled trials evaluating racecadotril as add-on or in comparison to other treatments. METHODS: A search was performed in PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar without limits about country of origin or reporting language...
April 3, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608700/trophoblast-retrieval-and-isolation-from-the-cervix-origins-of-cervical-trophoblasts-and-their-potential-value-for-risk-assessment-of-ongoing-pregnancies
#19
Gerit Moser, Sascha Drewlo, Berthold Huppertz, D Randall Armant
BACKGROUND: Early during human development, the trophoblast lineage differentiates to commence placentation. Where the placenta contacts the uterine decidua, extravillous trophoblast (EVT) cells differentiate and invade maternal tissues. EVT cells, identified by expression of HLA-G, invade into uterine blood vessels (endovascular EVT), as well as glands (endoglandular EVT), and open such luminal structures towards the intervillous space of the placenta. Endoglandular invasion diverts the contents of uterine glands to the intervillous space, while glands near the margin of the placenta that also contain endoglandular EVT cells open into the reproductive tract...
March 28, 2018: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589226/sedentary-behaviour-and-risk-of-all-cause-cardiovascular-and-cancer-mortality-and-incident-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Richard Patterson, Eoin McNamara, Marko Tainio, Thiago Hérick de Sá, Andrea D Smith, Stephen J Sharp, Phil Edwards, James Woodcock, Søren Brage, Katrien Wijndaele
PURPOSE:  To estimate the strength and shape of the dose-response relationship between sedentary behaviour and all-cause, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancer mortality, and incident type 2 diabetes (T2D), adjusted for physical activity (PA). Data Sources: Pubmed, Web of Knowledge, Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library and Google Scholar (through September-2016); reference lists. Study Selection: Prospective studies reporting associations between total daily sedentary time or TV viewing time, and ≥ one outcome of interest...
March 28, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
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