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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432489/design-development-and-clinical-validation-of-computer-aided-surgical-simulation-system-for-streamlined-orthognathic-surgical-planning
#1
REVIEW
Peng Yuan, Huaming Mai, Jianfu Li, Dennis Chun-Yu Ho, Yingying Lai, Siting Liu, Daeseung Kim, Zixiang Xiong, David M Alfi, John F Teichgraeber, Jaime Gateno, James J Xia
PURPOSE: There are many proven problems associated with traditional surgical planning methods for orthognathic surgery. To address these problems, we developed a computer-aided surgical simulation (CASS) system, the AnatomicAligner, to plan orthognathic surgery following our streamlined clinical protocol. METHODS: The system includes six modules: image segmentation and three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction, registration and reorientation of models to neutral head posture, 3D cephalometric analysis, virtual osteotomy, surgical simulation, and surgical splint generation...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362687/crossing-boarders-an-online-interdisciplinary-course-in-health-informatics-for-students-from-two-countries
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267541/free-breathing-high-pitch-80kvp-dual-source-computed-tomography-of-the-pediatric-chest-image-quality-presence-of-motion-artifacts-and-radiation-dose
#3
Boris Bodelle, Constanze Fischbach, Christian Booz, Ibrahim Yel, Claudia Frellesen, Martin Beeres, Thomas J Vogl, Jan-Erik Scholtz
OBJECTIVES: To investigate image quality, presence of motion artifacts and effects on radiation dose of 80kVp high-pitch dual-source CT (DSCT) in combination with an advanced modeled iterative reconstruction algorithm (ADMIRE) of the pediatric chest compared to single-source CT (SSCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was approved by the institutional review board. Eighty-seven consecutive pediatric patients (mean age 9.1±4.9years) received either free-breathing high-pitch (pitch 3...
April 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261102/genetic-and-pharmacological-inhibition-of-p38%C3%AE-improves-locomotor-recovery-after-spinal-cord-injury
#4
Hiroki Umezawa, Yusuke Naito, Kensuke Tanaka, Kento Yoshioka, Kenichi Suzuki, Tatsuhiko Sudo, Masahiko Hagihara, Masahiko Hatano, Koichiro Tatsumi, Yoshitoshi Kasuya
One of the mitogen-activated protein kinases, p38α plays a crucial role in various inflammatory diseases and apoptosis of various types of cells. In this study, we investigated the pathophysiological roles of p38α in spinal cord injury (SCI), using a mouse model. Lateral hemisection at T9 of the SC was performed in wild type (WT) and p38α(+/-) mice (p38α(-/-) showed embryonic lethality). p38α(+/-) mice showed a better functional recovery from SCI-associated paralyzed hindlimbs compared to WT mice at 7 days post-injury (dpi), which remained until 28 dpi (an end time point of monitoring the behavior)...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180114/paddle-boarding-fun-new-sport-or-an-accident-waiting-to-happen
#5
Shree-Eesh Waydia, Timothy Woodacre
BACKGROUND: Stand-up paddle-boarding is an increasingly popular water sport; however no published data to our knowledge exists on the nature and type of injuries sustained in this sport. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to describe the frequency, pattern, and mechanism of paddle-boarding injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Descriptive data of paddle-boarding injuries were collected using an interactive website-based, multiple-choice survey. Data were collected from May 2012 over a 6-month period...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138172/academic-performance-of-male-in-comparison-with-female-undergraduate-medical-students-in-pharmacology-examinations
#6
Rizwan Faisal, Laiyla Shinwari, Shahzadi Saima Hussain
OBJECTIVE: To compare the academic performance of male and female medical students in Pharmacology examinations. METHODS: The comparative study was conducted at Rehman Medical College, Peshawar, Pakistan, from March to August 2015. For evaluating the students' academic performance, male and female students of academic sessions 2013-14 and 2014-15 were divided into 4 groups. Group 1: < 50% marks; Group 2: 50-69% marks; Group 3: 70-79% marks; and Group 4: >80% marks...
February 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100603/digestion-resistant-dextrin-derivatives-are-moderately-digested-in-the-small-intestine-and-contribute-more-to-energy-production-than-predicted-from-large-bowel-fermentation-in-rats
#7
Takashi Kondo, Kei Handa, Tomomi Genda, Shingo Hino, Norihisa Hamaguchi, Tatsuya Morita
BACKGROUND: Digestion-resistant dextrin derivatives (DRDDs), including resistant maltodextrin (RM), polydextrose, and resistant glucan (RG), have been developed as low-energy foods. However, data on the resistance of DRDDs to small-intestinal digestion are scarce. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the site and extent of DRDD breakdown in the rat intestine and to predict its energy contributions. METHODS: In vitro small-intestinal resistance of DRDDs was evaluated by the AOAC method for dietary fiber measurement and by artificial digestion with the use of pancreatic α-amylase and brush-boarder membrane vesicles...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094645/boarding-school-rules
#8
Matt Griffiths
Ofsted inspects and regulates services that care for children and young people, including boarding facilities. Medication management is an integral part of caring for children in boarding schools, and robust systems must be in place to pass inspection. These systems must cover how medicines are dispensed, administered and stored at the facility, risk assessments, identifying which pupils can manage their own medicines and the individual health needs of boarders, so that care plans can be put in place for children with specific needs...
January 4, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975201/health-assessment-using-aqua-quality-indicators-of-alpine-streams-khunjerab-national-park-gilgit-pakistan
#9
Salar Ali, Junfeng Gao, Farida Begum, Atta Rasool, Muhammad Ismail, Yongjiu Cai, Shaukat Ali, Shujaat Ali
This preliminary research was conducted to evaluate the alpine stream health by using water quality as an indicator in Khunjerab National park of the Karakoram ranges located in Pak-China boarder Pakistan having altitude of 3660 m. This study investigated the stream health in the context of the presence or absence of sensitive species, their diversity, and their taxa richness. The water and macroinvertebrate samples were collected from 17 different locations from upstream and downstream of the river by using random sampling method...
December 14, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928533/mosquito-surveillance-and-the-first-record-of-the-invasive-mosquito-species-aedes-stegomyia-albopictus-skuse-diptera-culicidae-in-southern-iran
#10
Sara Doosti, Mohammad Reza Yaghoobi-Ershadi, Francis Schaffner, Seyed Hassan Moosa-Kazemi, Kamran Akbarzadeh, Mohammad Mehdi Gooya, Hassan Vatandoost, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi, Ehsan Mosta-Favi
BACKGROUND: Epidemics of mosquito-borne viral infections such as dengue, chikungunya, West Nile and Rift Valley fevers in neighbouring countries and risk of introduction of exotic vectors into Iran have placed this country at a significant risk for these mosquito-borne diseases. METHODS: After the first dengue case reported in Iran in 2008, active entomological surveillance of Aedes albopictus (Skuse) and Ae. aegypti (Linnaeus) were conducted in May/Jun, Sep, and Oct/Nov, 2008-2014...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850731/1094-icu-boarders-project-innovative-use-of-telemonitoring-in-the-ed-to-provide-improved-patient-care
#11
Rachel Kadar, Kathleen Hesse, Katherine Blossfield Iannitelli, Adam Bonder, Michael Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818053/biosensors-for-plant-pathogen-detection
#12
REVIEW
Mohga Khater, Alfredo de la Escosura-Muñiz, Arben Merkoçi
Infectious plant diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, viruses, viroids, phytoplasma and nematodes. Worldwide, plant pathogen infections are among main factors limiting crop productivity and increasing economic losses. Plant pathogen detection is important as first step to manage a plant disease in greenhouses, field conditions and at the country boarders. Current immunological techniques used to detect pathogens in plant include enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) and direct tissue blot immunoassays (DTBIA)...
July 15, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803074/diagnostic-uncertainty-and-ethical-dilemmas-in-medically-complex-pediatric-patients-and-psychiatric-boarders
#13
Kelly Gardner, Stephanie Ruest, Brian Cummings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648164/open-abdomen-in-gastrointestinal-surgery-which-technique-is-the-best-for-temporary-closure-during-damage-control
#14
Marcelo A F Ribeiro Junior, Emily Alves Barros, Sabrina Marques de Carvalho, Vinicius Pereira Nascimento, José Cruvinel Neto, Alexandre Zanchenko Fonseca
AIM: To compare the 3 main techniques of temporary closure of the abdominal cavity, vacuum assisted closure (vacuum-assisted closure therapy - VAC), Bogota bag and Barker technique, in damage control surgery. METHODS: After systematic review of the literature, 33 articles were selected to compare the efficiency of the three procedures. Criteria such as cost, infections, capacity of reconstruction of the abdominal wall, diseases associated with the technique, among others were analyzed...
August 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636387/the-underlying-mechanism-of-preventing-facial-nerve-stimulation-by-triphasic-pulse-stimulation-in-cochlear-implant-users-assessed-with-objective-measure
#15
Andreas Bahmer, Uwe Baumann
HYPOTHESIS: Triphasic pulse stimulation prevents from facial nerve stimulation (FNS) because of a different electromyographic input-output function compared with biphasic pulse stimulation. BACKGROUND: FNS is sometimes observed in cochlear implant users as an unwanted side effect of electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve. The common stimulation applied in current cochlear implant consists of biphasic pulse patterns. Two common clinical remedies to prevent unpleasant FNS caused by activation of certain electrodes are to expand their pulse phase duration or simply deactivate them...
October 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27569291/involvement-of-organic-cation-transporter-3-oct3-slc22a3-in-the-bioavailability-and-pharmacokinetics-of-antidiabetic-metformin-in-mice
#16
Yoshiyuki Shirasaka, Nora Lee, Weibin Zha, David Wagner, Joanne Wang
Metformin is widely used for the treatment of type II diabetes mellitus. It was reported to be substrate of OCT3/Oct3, which is expressed in the brush boarder membrane of the enterocytes. However, the role of OCT3/Oct3 in the intestinal absorption process of metformin remains obscure. In the present study, we aimed to clarify the impact of Oct3 on the oral bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of metformin in mice, by means of in vivo pharmacokinetic study using wild-type (Oct3(+/+)) and Oct3-knockout (Oct3(-/-)) mice...
October 2016: Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513390/health-related-behaviors-and-nutritional-status-of-adolescents-who-study-asboarders-and-day-students
#17
Emine Ela Küçük, Osman Günay
BACKGROUND/AIM: Boarders and day-students study together in regional boarding schools. This study was carried out to compare the health and nutritional status of boarders and day-students who study at regional boarding schools in Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total 634 boarders and 492 day-students in the 4th-8th years of nine boarding schools in Giresun Province of Turkey were included. A questionnaire including 49 questions about sociodemographic characteristics and health and nutritional status was completed by the students...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27352789/-delayed-discharges-and-boarders-a-2-year-study-of-the-relationship-between-patients-experiencing-delayed-discharges-from-an-acute-hospital-and-boarding-of-admitted-patients-in-a-crowded-ed
#18
Farah Mustafa, Peadar Gilligan, Deborah Obu, Patrick O'Kelly, Eimear O'Hea, Catherine Lloyd, Sherif Kelada, Attracta Heffernan, Patricia Houlihan
OBJECTIVE: Many believe that hospital crowding manifesting in the ED with the boarding of admitted patients is a result of significant numbers of acute hospital beds being occupied by patients awaiting discharge to nursing homes, step-down facilities or home with or without additional support. This observational study was performed to establish the actual relationship between boarders in the ED and patients experiencing delayed discharge. METHODS: Data relating to the number of patients in the ED and their points in their patient pathway were entered into a logbook on a daily basis by the most senior doctor on duty...
September 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27337678/carbon-monoxide-concentration-and-exposure-time-effects-on-the-depth-of-co-penetration-and-surface-color-of-raw-and-cooked-beef-longissimus-lumborum-steaks
#19
A Sakowska, D Guzek, D Głąbska, A Wierzbicka
This study investigated the influence of carbon monoxide (CO) exposure time (0, 7, 14, and 21days) and concentration in gas mixture on depth of penetration and the surface color of raw and cooked striploin steaks. Seven packaging treatments were evaluated: vacuum, vacuum after 48h of exposure to 0.1%, 0.3% or 0.5% CO (mixed with 30% CO2 and 69.5-69.9% N2), and modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) containing the same gas mixtures. CO penetration depth increased as exposure times and CO concentration in gas mixtures increased (p<0...
November 2016: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27335301/-the-main-technical-points-of-thoracoscopic-anatomical-lung-segment-resection
#20
REVIEW
Liang Chen, Weibing Wu
Thoracoscopic segmentectomy is technically much more meticulous than lobectomy, due to the complicated anotomical variations of segmental bronchi and vessels. Preoperative three-dimensional computed tomography bronchography and angiography, 3D-CTBA) could reveal the anatomical structures and variations of the segmental bronchi/vessels and locate the pulmonary nodules, which is helpful for surgery planning. Preoperative nodule localization is of vital importance for thoracoscopic segmentectomy. Techniques involved in this procedure include dissection of the targeted arteries, bronchus and intra-segmental veins, retention of the inter-segmental veins, identification of the inter-segmental boarder with the inflation-deflation method and seperation of intra-segmental pulmonary tissues by electrotome and/or endoscopic staplers...
June 20, 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
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