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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854221/collective-movements-of-pedestrians-how-we-can-learn-from-simple-experiments-with-non-human-ant-crowds
#1
Zahra Shahhoseini, Majid Sarvi
INTRODUCTION: Understanding collective behavior of moving organisms and how interactions between individuals govern their collective motion has triggered a growing number of studies. Similarities have been observed between the scale-free behavioral aspects of various systems (i.e. groups of fish, ants, and mammals). Investigation of such connections between the collective motion of non-human organisms and that of humans however, has been relatively scarce. The problem demands for particular attention in the context of emergency escape motion for which innovative experimentation with panicking ants has been recently employed as a relatively inexpensive and non-invasive approach...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806942/impact-of-inpatient-care-in-emergency-department-on-outcomes-a-quasi-experimental-cohort-study
#2
Aisha Lateef, Soo Hoon Lee, Dale Andrew Fisher, Wei-Ping Goh, Hui Fen Han, Uma Chandra Segara, Tiong Beng Sim, Malcolm Mahadehvan, Khean Teik Goh, Noel Cheah, Aymeric Yt Lim, Phillip H Phan, Reshma A Merchant
BACKGROUND: Hospitals around the world are faced with the issue of boarders in emergency department (ED), patients marked for admission but with no available inpatient bed. Boarder status is known to be associated with delayed inpatient care and suboptimal outcomes. A new care delivery system was developed in our institution where boarders received full inpatient care from a designated medical team, acute medical team (AMT), while still residing at ED. The current study examines the impact of this AMT intervention on patient outcomes...
August 14, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716803/psychiatric-boarding-in-the-pediatric-inpatient-medical-setting-a-retrospective-analysis
#3
Katherine A S Gallagher, I Simona Bujoreanu, Priscilla Cheung, Christine Choi, Sara Golden, Kerry Brodziak, Gabriela Andrade, Patricia Ibeziako
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Psychiatric concerns are a common presenting problem for pediatric providers across many settings, particularly on inpatient medical services. The volume of youth requiring intensive psychiatric treatment outnumbers the availability of psychiatric placements, and as a result many youth must board on pediatric medical units while awaiting placement. As the phenomenon of boarding in the inpatient pediatric setting increases, it is important to understand trends in boarding volume and characteristics of pediatric psychiatric boarders (PBs) and understand the supports they receive while boarding...
August 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698072/mandatory-colposcopic-findings-of-severe-cervical-dysplasia-are-there-key-signs-that-need-our-special-attention
#4
D A Beyer, A Rody, C Cirkel, N Schmidt, K Neumann
INTRODUCTION: To test for colposcopic differences between CIN2+ and non CIN2+ lesions of the "major changes" of the RIO 2011 nomenclature of the International Federation of Cervical Pathology (IFCPC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis of colposcopic examinations of patients with histologically confirmed CIN2+ (n=99) and non CIN2+ (n=102) lesions during a four years period. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: leukoplakia, coarse mosaic and punctuation, dense acetowhitening, sharp boarders, ridge sign, atypical vessels...
July 8, 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675798/st-john-s-hospital-morton-house-launceston-australia-a-history-of-the-hospital-and-dr-william-russ-pugh-s-first-operations-under-ether
#5
R P Haridas, J D Paull
On 7 June 1847, William Russ Pugh, MD, performed two operations at the St John's Hospital and Self-Supporting Dispensary, Launceston, Tasmania, while his patients were rendered insensible by the inhalation of sulphuric ether. These operations are the earliest documented surgical operations under ether in Australia. St John's Hospital officially opened on 1 September 1845. The hospital may have closed in late 1853 because of financial difficulties. The two-storey Georgian-style building which served as the hospital was completed c1831-1832...
March 2017: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610934/boarding-icu-patients-are-our-rounding-practices-subpar
#6
Andrew M Nunn, Justin S Hatchimonji, Daniel N Holena, Mark J Seamon, Brian P Smith, Lewis J Kaplan, Niels D Martin, Patrick M Reilly, C William Schwab, Jose L Pascual
INTRODUCTION: Surgical Intensive Care Unit (SICU) patients "boarding" in ICUs other than the designated home unit have been shown to suffer increased rates of complications. We hypothesized that ICU rounding practices are different when SICU patients are housed in home vs. boarding ICUs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: SICU rounds were observed at an academic quaternary medical center. Individual patient rounding time and order seen on rounds along with patient data and demographics were recorded...
June 10, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432489/design-development-and-clinical-validation-of-computer-aided-surgical-simulation-system-for-streamlined-orthognathic-surgical-planning
#7
REVIEW
Peng Yuan, Huaming Mai, Jianfu Li, Dennis Chun-Yu Ho, Yingying Lai, Siting Liu, Daeseung Kim, Zixiang Xiong, David M Alfi, John F Teichgraeber, Jaime Gateno, James J Xia
PURPOSE: There are many proven problems associated with traditional surgical planning methods for orthognathic surgery. To address these problems, we developed a computer-aided surgical simulation (CASS) system, the AnatomicAligner, to plan orthognathic surgery following our streamlined clinical protocol. METHODS: The system includes six modules: image segmentation and three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction, registration and reorientation of models to neutral head posture, 3D cephalometric analysis, virtual osteotomy, surgical simulation, and surgical splint generation...
April 21, 2017: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362687/crossing-boarders-an-online-interdisciplinary-course-in-health-informatics-for-students-from-two-countries
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267541/free-breathing-high-pitch-80kvp-dual-source-computed-tomography-of-the-pediatric-chest-image-quality-presence-of-motion-artifacts-and-radiation-dose
#9
Boris Bodelle, Constanze Fischbach, Christian Booz, Ibrahim Yel, Claudia Frellesen, Martin Beeres, Thomas J Vogl, Jan-Erik Scholtz
OBJECTIVES: To investigate image quality, presence of motion artifacts and effects on radiation dose of 80kVp high-pitch dual-source CT (DSCT) in combination with an advanced modeled iterative reconstruction algorithm (ADMIRE) of the pediatric chest compared to single-source CT (SSCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was approved by the institutional review board. Eighty-seven consecutive pediatric patients (mean age 9.1±4.9years) received either free-breathing high-pitch (pitch 3...
April 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261102/genetic-and-pharmacological-inhibition-of-p38%C3%AE-improves-locomotor-recovery-after-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Hiroki Umezawa, Yusuke Naito, Kensuke Tanaka, Kento Yoshioka, Kenichi Suzuki, Tatsuhiko Sudo, Masahiko Hagihara, Masahiko Hatano, Koichiro Tatsumi, Yoshitoshi Kasuya
One of the mitogen-activated protein kinases, p38α plays a crucial role in various inflammatory diseases and apoptosis of various types of cells. In this study, we investigated the pathophysiological roles of p38α in spinal cord injury (SCI), using a mouse model. Lateral hemisection at T9 of the SC was performed in wild type (WT) and p38α(+/-) mice (p38α(-/-) showed embryonic lethality). p38α(+/-) mice showed a better functional recovery from SCI-associated paralyzed hindlimbs compared to WT mice at 7 days post-injury (dpi), which remained until 28 dpi (an end time point of monitoring the behavior)...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180114/paddle-boarding-fun-new-sport-or-an-accident-waiting-to-happen
#11
Shree-Eesh Waydia, Timothy Woodacre
BACKGROUND: Stand-up paddle-boarding is an increasingly popular water sport; however no published data to our knowledge exists on the nature and type of injuries sustained in this sport. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to describe the frequency, pattern, and mechanism of paddle-boarding injuries. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Descriptive data of paddle-boarding injuries were collected using an interactive website-based, multiple-choice survey. Data were collected from May 2012 over a 6-month period...
July 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138172/academic-performance-of-male-in-comparison-with-female-undergraduate-medical-students-in-pharmacology-examinations
#12
Rizwan Faisal, Laiyla Shinwari, Shahzadi Saima Hussain
OBJECTIVE: To compare the academic performance of male and female medical students in Pharmacology examinations. METHODS: The comparative study was conducted at Rehman Medical College, Peshawar, Pakistan, from March to August 2015. For evaluating the students' academic performance, male and female students of academic sessions 2013-14 and 2014-15 were divided into 4 groups. Group 1: < 50% marks; Group 2: 50-69% marks; Group 3: 70-79% marks; and Group 4: >80% marks...
February 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100603/digestion-resistant-dextrin-derivatives-are-moderately-digested-in-the-small-intestine-and-contribute-more-to-energy-production-than-predicted-from-large-bowel-fermentation-in-rats
#13
Takashi Kondo, Kei Handa, Tomomi Genda, Shingo Hino, Norihisa Hamaguchi, Tatsuya Morita
Background: Digestion-resistant dextrin derivatives (DRDDs), including resistant maltodextrin (RM), polydextrose, and resistant glucan (RG), have been developed as low-energy foods. However, data on the resistance of DRDDs to small-intestinal digestion are scarce.Objective: We sought to determine the site and extent of DRDD breakdown in the rat intestine and to predict its energy contributions.Methods: In vitro small-intestinal resistance of DRDDs was evaluated by the AOAC method for dietary fiber measurement and by artificial digestion with the use of pancreatic α-amylase and brush-boarder membrane vesicles...
March 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094645/boarding-school-rules
#14
Matt Griffiths
Ofsted inspects and regulates services that care for children and young people, including boarding facilities. Medication management is an integral part of caring for children in boarding schools, and robust systems must be in place to pass inspection. These systems must cover how medicines are dispensed, administered and stored at the facility, risk assessments, identifying which pupils can manage their own medicines and the individual health needs of boarders, so that care plans can be put in place for children with specific needs...
January 4, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975201/health-assessment-using-aqua-quality-indicators-of-alpine-streams-khunjerab-national-park-gilgit-pakistan
#15
Salar Ali, Junfeng Gao, Farida Begum, Atta Rasool, Muhammad Ismail, Yongjiu Cai, Shaukat Ali, Shujaat Ali
This preliminary research was conducted to evaluate the alpine stream health by using water quality as an indicator in Khunjerab National park of the Karakoram ranges located in Pak-China boarder Pakistan having altitude of 3660 m. This study investigated the stream health in the context of the presence or absence of sensitive species, their diversity, and their taxa richness. The water and macroinvertebrate samples were collected from 17 different locations from upstream and downstream of the river by using random sampling method...
February 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928533/mosquito-surveillance-and-the-first-record-of-the-invasive-mosquito-species-aedes-stegomyia-albopictus-skuse-diptera-culicidae-in-southern-iran
#16
Sara Doosti, Mohammad Reza Yaghoobi-Ershadi, Francis Schaffner, Seyed Hassan Moosa-Kazemi, Kamran Akbarzadeh, Mohammad Mehdi Gooya, Hassan Vatandoost, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi, Ehsan Mosta-Favi
BACKGROUND: Epidemics of mosquito-borne viral infections such as dengue, chikungunya, West Nile and Rift Valley fevers in neighbouring countries and risk of introduction of exotic vectors into Iran have placed this country at a significant risk for these mosquito-borne diseases. METHODS: After the first dengue case reported in Iran in 2008, active entomological surveillance of Aedes albopictus (Skuse) and Ae. aegypti (Linnaeus) were conducted in May/Jun, Sep, and Oct/Nov, 2008-2014...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850731/1094-icu-boarders-project-innovative-use-of-telemonitoring-in-the-ed-to-provide-improved-patient-care
#17
Rachel Kadar, Kathleen Hesse, Katherine Blossfield Iannitelli, Adam Bonder, Michael Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818053/biosensors-for-plant-pathogen-detection
#18
REVIEW
Mohga Khater, Alfredo de la Escosura-Muñiz, Arben Merkoçi
Infectious plant diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, viruses, viroids, phytoplasma and nematodes. Worldwide, plant pathogen infections are among main factors limiting crop productivity and increasing economic losses. Plant pathogen detection is important as first step to manage a plant disease in greenhouses, field conditions and at the country boarders. Current immunological techniques used to detect pathogens in plant include enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) and direct tissue blot immunoassays (DTBIA)...
July 15, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803074/diagnostic-uncertainty-and-ethical-dilemmas-in-medically-complex-pediatric-patients-and-psychiatric-boarders
#19
Kelly Gardner, Stephanie Ruest, Brian Cummings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648164/open-abdomen-in-gastrointestinal-surgery-which-technique-is-the-best-for-temporary-closure-during-damage-control
#20
Marcelo A F Ribeiro Junior, Emily Alves Barros, Sabrina Marques de Carvalho, Vinicius Pereira Nascimento, José Cruvinel Neto, Alexandre Zanchenko Fonseca
AIM: To compare the 3 main techniques of temporary closure of the abdominal cavity, vacuum assisted closure (vacuum-assisted closure therapy - VAC), Bogota bag and Barker technique, in damage control surgery. METHODS: After systematic review of the literature, 33 articles were selected to compare the efficiency of the three procedures. Criteria such as cost, infections, capacity of reconstruction of the abdominal wall, diseases associated with the technique, among others were analyzed...
August 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
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