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Sara Doosti, Mohammad Reza Yaghoobi-Ershadi, Francis Schaffner, Seyed Hassan Moosa-Kazemi, Kamran Akbarzadeh, Mohammad Mehdi Gooya, Hassan Vatandoost, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi, Ehsan Mosta-Favi
BACKGROUND: Epidemics of mosquito-borne viral infections such as dengue, chikungunya, West Nile and Rift Valley fevers in neighbouring countries and risk of introduction of exotic vectors into Iran have placed this country at a significant risk for these mosquito-borne diseases. METHODS: After the first dengue case reported in Iran in 2008, active entomological surveillance of Aedes albopictus (Skuse) and Ae. aegypti (Linnaeus) were conducted in May/Jun, Sep, and Oct/Nov, 2008-2014...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
Rachel Kadar, Kathleen Hesse, Katherine Blossfield Iannitelli, Adam Bonder, Michael Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Mohga Khater, Alfredo de la Escosura-Muñiz, Arben Merkoçi
Infectious plant diseases are caused by pathogenic microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, viruses, viroids, phytoplasma and nematodes. Worldwide, plant pathogen infections are among main factors limiting crop productivity and increasing economic losses. Plant pathogen detection is important as first step to manage a plant disease in greenhouses, field conditions and at the country boarders. Current immunological techniques used to detect pathogens in plant include enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) and direct tissue blot immunoassays (DTBIA)...
September 28, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Kelly Gardner, Stephanie Ruest, Brian Cummings
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
Marcelo A F Ribeiro Junior, Emily Alves Barros, Sabrina Marques de Carvalho, Vinicius Pereira Nascimento, José Cruvinel Neto, Alexandre Zanchenko Fonseca
AIM: To compare the 3 main techniques of temporary closure of the abdominal cavity, vacuum assisted closure (vacuum-assisted closure therapy - VAC), Bogota bag and Barker technique, in damage control surgery. METHODS: After systematic review of the literature, 33 articles were selected to compare the efficiency of the three procedures. Criteria such as cost, infections, capacity of reconstruction of the abdominal wall, diseases associated with the technique, among others were analyzed...
August 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Andreas Bahmer, Uwe Baumann
HYPOTHESIS: Triphasic pulse stimulation prevents from facial nerve stimulation (FNS) because of a different electromyographic input-output function compared with biphasic pulse stimulation. BACKGROUND: FNS is sometimes observed in cochlear implant users as an unwanted side effect of electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve. The common stimulation applied in current cochlear implant consists of biphasic pulse patterns. Two common clinical remedies to prevent unpleasant FNS caused by activation of certain electrodes are to expand their pulse phase duration or simply deactivate them...
October 2016: Otology & Neurotology
Yoshiyuki Shirasaka, Nora Lee, Weibin Zha, David Wagner, Joanne Wang
Metformin is widely used for the treatment of type II diabetes mellitus. It was reported to be substrate of OCT3/Oct3, which is expressed in the brush boarder membrane of the enterocytes. However, the role of OCT3/Oct3 in the intestinal absorption process of metformin remains obscure. In the present study, we aimed to clarify the impact of Oct3 on the oral bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of metformin in mice, by means of in vivo pharmacokinetic study using wild-type (Oct3(+/+)) and Oct3-knockout (Oct3(-/-)) mice...
October 2016: Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
Emine Ela Küçük, Osman Günay
BACKGROUND/AIM: Boarders and day-students study together in regional boarding schools. This study was carried out to compare the health and nutritional status of boarders and day-students who study at regional boarding schools in Turkey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total 634 boarders and 492 day-students in the 4th-8th years of nine boarding schools in Giresun Province of Turkey were included. A questionnaire including 49 questions about sociodemographic characteristics and health and nutritional status was completed by the students...
2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Farah Mustafa, Peadar Gilligan, Deborah Obu, Patrick O'Kelly, Eimear O'Hea, Catherine Lloyd, Sherif Kelada, Attracta Heffernan, Patricia Houlihan
OBJECTIVE: Many believe that hospital crowding manifesting in the ED with the boarding of admitted patients is a result of significant numbers of acute hospital beds being occupied by patients awaiting discharge to nursing homes, step-down facilities or home with or without additional support. This observational study was performed to establish the actual relationship between boarders in the ED and patients experiencing delayed discharge. METHODS: Data relating to the number of patients in the ED and their points in their patient pathway were entered into a logbook on a daily basis by the most senior doctor on duty...
September 2016: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
A Sakowska, D Guzek, D Głąbska, A Wierzbicka
This study investigated the influence of carbon monoxide (CO) exposure time (0, 7, 14, and 21days) and concentration in gas mixture on depth of penetration and the surface color of raw and cooked striploin steaks. Seven packaging treatments were evaluated: vacuum, vacuum after 48h of exposure to 0.1%, 0.3% or 0.5% CO (mixed with 30% CO2 and 69.5-69.9% N2), and modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) containing the same gas mixtures. CO penetration depth increased as exposure times and CO concentration in gas mixtures increased (p<0...
November 2016: Meat Science
Liang Chen, Weibing Wu
Thoracoscopic segmentectomy is technically much more meticulous than lobectomy, due to the complicated anotomical variations of segmental bronchi and vessels. Preoperative three-dimensional computed tomography bronchography and angiography, 3D-CTBA) could reveal the anatomical structures and variations of the segmental bronchi/vessels and locate the pulmonary nodules, which is helpful for surgery planning. Preoperative nodule localization is of vital importance for thoracoscopic segmentectomy. Techniques involved in this procedure include dissection of the targeted arteries, bronchus and intra-segmental veins, retention of the inter-segmental veins, identification of the inter-segmental boarder with the inflation-deflation method and seperation of intra-segmental pulmonary tissues by electrotome and/or endoscopic staplers...
June 20, 2016: Zhongguo Fei Ai za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer
Y J Zhang, B G Liu, Z Y Zhao, J D Sheng, D D Feng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the molecular diagnosis marker of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), the relationship between lymphatic metastasis of central neck compartment PTC, and the operation indication of prophylactic central neck dissection. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study, including 275 PTC patients and detected their BRAF mutation rates during 2012 and 2014 and explored the risk factors of the central node lymphatic metastasis by Logistic regression model...
June 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Changhao Jiang, Vinoth K Ranganathan, Junmei Zhang, Vlodek Siemionow, Guang H Yue
This study explored the effect of high mental effort training (MET) and conventional strength training (CST) on increasing voluntary muscle strength and brain signal associated with producing maximal muscle force in healthy aging. Twenty-seven older adults (age: 75 ± 7.9 yr, 8 women) were assigned into 1 of 3 groups: MET group-trained with low-intensity (30% maximal voluntary contraction [MVC]) physical exercise combined with MET, CST group-trained with high-intensity muscle contractions, or control (CTRL) group-no training of any kind...
June 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Yin Zhi Lan, Xiao En Hua
Perivascular epithelioid cell neoplasm (PEComa) is a rare tumor type and primary hepatic multiple perivascular is rarer still. The present case report investigated the case of a 40-year-old woman who was admitted to The Second Xiangya Hospital for hepatic multiple tumor by physical examination without any history of abdominal pain or body weight loss. Abdominal plain computed tomography revealed three lesions in the liver. All lesions exhibited a well-defined boarder and only one mass contained fatty tissue in S6 of the liver...
April 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Daxing Xie, Chaoran Yu, Liang Liu, Hasan Osaiweran, Chun Gao, Junbo Hu, Jianping Gong
BACKGROUND: D2 lymphadenectomy has been widely accepted as a standard procedure of surgical treatment for local advanced gastric cancer [1, 2]. However, neither the dissection boundary nor the extent of the excision for perigastric soft tissues has been described [3-7]. Our previous researches demonstrate the existence of disseminated cancer cells in the mesogastrium [8, 9] and present an understandable mesogastrium model for gastrectomy [10]. Hence, the D2 lymphadenectomy plus complete mesogastrium excision (D2 + CME) is firstly proposed in this study, aiming to assess the safety, feasibility and corresponding short-term surgical outcomes...
November 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
Jing-Woei Li, Xiao Lin, Anna Tse, Angela Cheung, Ting Fung Chan, Richard Yuen Chong Kong, Keng Po Lai, Rudolf Shiu Sun Wu
The marine medaka Oryzias melastigma has often been used as a marine fish model to investigate the biological responses to environmental stresses and pollutants in marine environments. miRNAs are post-transcriptional regulators of many biological processes in a variety of organisms, and have been shown to be affected by environmental stresses, but the novel miRNA profile of marine medaka has not been reported. Using both genome and small RNA sequencings coupled with different bioinformatics analyses, we have discovered 58, 82, 234, and 201 unannotated miRNAs in the brain, liver, ovary and testis tissues of marine medaka, respectively...
June 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
Xiaotian Yuan, Yan Meng, Ping Li, Nan Ge, Feng Kong, Liu Yang, Magnus Björkholm, Shengtian Zhao, Dawei Xu
Upper tract urothelial carcinomas (UTUCs) are originated from urothelium, and consist of renal pelvic carcinomas (RPCs) and ureter carcinomas (UCs). Most UTUCs have already become invasive when diagnosed and there is thus a need to identify high-risk populations for preventive intervention. Recent evidence has accumulated supporting common single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to be associated with increased risk of various malignancies. However, little is known about susceptibility loci in relation to UTUC development...
May 31, 2016: Oncotarget
Felix Arlt, Claire Chalopin, Andrea Müns, Jürgen Meixensberger, Dirk Lindner
BACKGROUND: Reliable intraoperative resection control during surgery of malignant brain tumours is associated with the longer overall survival of patients. B-mode ultrasound (BUS) is a familiar intraoperative imaging application in neurosurgical procedures and supplies excellent image quality. However, due to resection-induced artefacts, its ability to distinguish between tumour borders, oedema, surrounding tissue and tumour remnants is sometimes limited. In experienced hands, this "bright rim effect" could be reduced...
April 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
Rainer Kimmig, Bahriye Aktas, Paul Buderath, Peter Rusch, Martin Heubner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate feasibility of intraoperative visualization of embryologically defined organ compartments and their drainage by ICG in uterine cancer. METHODS: Total of 2.5 mg of ICG have been injected into cervix or corpus in uterine cancer patients immediately prior to surgery. Green fluorescence was intermittently detected during robotically assisted laparoscopic surgery (Firefly System®, Intuitve Surgical Inc.). Total of 36 patients with uterine cancer without macroscopically suspicious nodes were evaluated with respect to their compartmental lymphatic network, collecting lymphatic vessels, and the connection to the postponed lymph basins...
April 2016: Journal of Surgical Oncology
Clinton J Coil, Jeffrey D Flood, Brittaney M Belyeu, Phillip Young, Amy H Kaji, Roger J Lewis
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We identify differences in the process of care for admitted patients who board in the emergency department (ED) compared with admitted patients who are transferred to an inpatient care area. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of a random sample of adult patients admitted through the ED at one urban teaching hospital. Patients who boarded in the ED for at least 6 hours after the decision to admit were matched to similar control patients. Data were collected by 2 trained medical students using a standardized data abstraction tool...
June 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
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