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Linlin Wang, Fang Zhang, Jian-Ying Cui, Liang Chen, Yue-Ting Chen, Bo-Wen Liu
Carcinoma‑associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are the major components of mesenchymal cells in the inflammatory tumor microenvironment. They are involved in epithelial‑mesenchymal transition (EMT) and chemotherapy resistance by directly contacting with cancer cells or secretory cytokines. In the present study, we examined the role of CAFs in the induction of EMT in ovarian cancer. Primary ovarian cancer cells, CAFs and normal fibroblasts (NFs) were isolated from fresh cancer tissue and cultured for immunohistochemistry studies...
May 2018: Oncology Reports
Taraknath Mandal, Ronald G Larson
Using fully atomistic and coarse-grained (CG) molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, we report, for the first time, the self-assembly of initially randomly dispersed dodecyl-β-d-maltoside (DDM) surfactants into a striped cylindrical micelle (SCM) with lamellae of surfactant heads and tails alternating along the cylindrical axis, with both heads and tails in contact with the water. By changing the interaction strength of the head group with water relative to itself, we find that such micelles are most likely for head groups with marginal solubility in the water solvent...
March 22, 2018: Soft Matter
Habib Ali Molla, Rahul Bhowmick, Abu Saleh Musha Islam, Bibhutibhushan Show, Nillohit Mukherjee, Anup Mondal, Mahammad Ali
A novel highly sensitive and selective fluorescent chemosensor L has been synthesized and characterized by various physicochemical techniques. In 3 : 7 water : MeCN (v/v) at pH 7.2 (10 mM HEPES buffer, μ = 0.05 M LiCl), it selectively recognizes Fe3+ through 1 : 1 complexation resulting in a 106-fold fluorescence enhancement and a binding constant of 8.10 × 104 M-1. The otherwise non-fluorescent spirolactam form of the probe results a dual-channel (absorbance and fluorescence) recognition of Fe3+ via CHEF (chelation enhanced fluorescence) through the opening of the spirolactam ring...
March 22, 2018: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Feng Sun, Chen Li, Chaochao Fu, Xiangbiao Zhou, Jun Luo, Wei Zou, Zhi-Jun Qiu, Dongping Wu
Dopant-segregated source/drain contacts in a p-channel Schottky-barrier metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor (SB-MOSFET) require further hole Schottky barrier height (SBH) regulation toward sub-0.1 eV levels to improve their competitiveness with conventional field-effect transistors. Because of the solubility limits of dopants in silicon, the requirements for effective hole SBH reduction with dopant segregation cannot be satisfied using mono-implantation. In this study, we demonstrate a potential solution for further SBH tuning by implementing the dual implantation of boron (B) and aluminum (Al) in combination with microwave annealing (MWA)...
March 22, 2018: Materials
Chao-Ching Ho, Dung-Sheng Wu
Spark-assisted chemical engraving (SACE) is a non-traditional machining technology that is used to machine electrically non-conducting materials including glass, ceramics, and quartz. The processing accuracy, machining efficiency, and reproducibility are the key factors in the SACE process. In the present study, a machine vision method is applied to monitor and estimate the status of a SACE-drilled hole in quartz glass. During the machining of quartz glass, the spring-fed tool electrode was pre-pressured on the quartz glass surface to feed the electrode that was in contact with the machining surface of the quartz glass...
March 22, 2018: Materials
Srinivasan Ramakrishnan, Beejan Asady, Roberto Docampo
Membrane contact sites are regions of close apposition between two organelles, typically less than 30 nanometers apart, that facilitate transfer of biomolecules. The presence of contact sites has been demonstrated in yeast, plants, and mammalian cells. Here, we investigated the presence of such contact sites in Trypanosoma brucei . In mammalian cells, endoplasmic reticulum-mitochondria contact sites facilitate mitochondrial uptake of Ca2+ released by the ER-located inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor (InsP₃R)...
March 22, 2018: Pathogens
Covadonga Alonso, Manuel Borca, Linda Dixon, Yolanda Revilla, Fernando Rodriguez, Jose M Escribano, Ictv Report Consortium
The family Asfarviridae includes the single species African swine fever virus, isolates of which have linear dsDNA genomes of 170-194 kbp. Virions have an internal core, an internal lipid membrane, an icosahedral capsid and an outer lipid envelope. Infection of domestic pigs and wild boar results in an acute haemorrhagic fever with transmission by contact or ingestion, or by ticks of the genus Ornithodoros. Indigenous pigs act as reservoirs in Africa, where infection is endemic, and from where introductions occur periodically to Europe...
March 22, 2018: Journal of General Virology
Stelian Pintea, Wester de Poel, Aryan E F de Jong, Roberto Felici, Elias Vlieg
The structure of the solid-liquid interface formed by muscovite mica in contact with two divalent ionic solutions (SrCl2 and BaCl2) is determined using in situ surface X-ray diffraction using both specular and non-specular crystal truncation rods. The 0.5 monolayer of monovalent potassium present at the surface after cleavage is replaced by approximately 0.25 monolayer of divalent ions, closely corresponding to ideal charge compensation within the Stern layer in both cases. The adsorption site of the divalent ions is determined to be in the surface ditrigonal cavities with minor out-of-plane relaxations that are consistent with their ionic radii...
March 22, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Izar Capel Berdiell, Stuart L Warriner, Malcolm A Halcrow
Silver(i) complexes of 2,4,6-tri(pyrazol-1-yl)pyridine (tpp), 2,4,6-tri(pyrazol-1-yl)pyrimidine (tpym), 2,4,6-tri(pyrazol-1-yl)-1,3,5-triazine (tpt) and 2,4-di(pyrazol-1-yl)-1,3,5-triazine (bpt) are reported. Dinuclear [Ag2(μ-tpp)2(MeCN)2][BF4]2·2MeCN and [Ag2(μ-tpym)2(MeCN)2][BF4]2 are formed from approximately planar [AgL(NCMe)]+ (L = tpp or bpym) centres, which dimerise via apical interactions to the pendant pyrazolyl donor on each ligand. Two polymeric solvatomorph phases [Ag2(μ-tpp)2][BF4]2·nMeNO2 were obtained by crystallising AgBF4 and tpp from nitromethane solution...
March 22, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
A Kirolos, C Waugh, K Templeton, D McCormick, R Othieno, L J Willocks, J Stevenson
In September 2016, an imported case of measles in Edinburgh in a university student resulted in a further 17 confirmed cases during October and November 2016. All cases were genotype D8 and were associated with a virus strain most commonly seen in South East Asia. Twelve of the 18 cases were staff or students at a university in Edinburgh and 17 cases had incomplete or unknown measles mumps rubella (MMR) vaccination status. The public health response included mass follow-up of all identified contacts, widespread communications throughout universities in Edinburgh and prompt vaccination clinics at affected campuses...
March 22, 2018: Epidemiology and Infection
Daniel Blasco, José M López-de-Luzuriaga, Miguel Monge, M Elena Olmos, David Pascual, María Rodríguez-Castillo
Two water-soluble [Au(9 N-adeninate)(PR3 )] complexes (PR3 = PMe3 (1); PTA (3)) were synthesized by the coordination of the respective cationic [Au(PR3 )]+ fragment to the9 N position of the adeninate anion. Both complexes crystallize as dimers by aurophilic contacts of 3.2081(6) Å in 1 and 3.0942(7) and 3.0969(7) Å in 3, but different packings are observed due to the crystallizing solvent choice and the nature of the ancillary phosphine ligand. At this regard, different supramolecular behavior is observed in water, ranges from the formation of ultrathin nanowires of 5...
March 22, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Thomas Desmond, Patricia Arthur, Kathleen Watt
PURPOSE: There is currently little evidence assessing the repeatability and accuracy of central corneal thickness measurements using the devices Tonoref III and RS-3000. This study aims to compare these devices against measurements by ultrasound pachymetry. METHODS: Central corneal thicknesses were measured on 50 eyes. Measurements from two non-contact devices-Tonoref III (NIDEK CO., LTD, Gamagori, Japan) and RS-3000 (NIDEK CO., LTD, Gamagori, Japan)-were compared against ultrasound pachymetry, the gold standard...
March 21, 2018: International Ophthalmology
Karina Jácome-López, Mayra Furlan-Magaril
The spatial organization of the chromatinized genome inside the cell nucleus impacts genomic function. In transcription, the hierarchical genome structure creates spatial regulatory landscapes, in which modulating elements like enhancers can contact their target genes and activate their expression, as a result of restricting their exploration to a specific topological neighbourhood. Here we describe exciting recent findings obtained through "C" technologies in pluripotent cells and early embryogenesis and emphasize some of the key unanswered questions arising from them...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Harish Thippeswamy, Geetha Desai, Prabha Chandra
Postpartum severe mental illness (SMI) often presents with risks to mother-infant dyad and requires early assessment and interventions. The access to psychiatric care in low and middle income countries is complex. Help-seeking patterns in women with postpartum SMI has not been studied adequately. Hence, the present study was undertaken to examine the help-seeking pattern and reasons for delay in seeking psychiatry services among postpartum women with SMI. Successive patients with a diagnosis of postpartum SMI were recruited over a period of 2 years...
March 21, 2018: Archives of Women's Mental Health
Benjamin Davis-Purcell, Pierre Soulard, Thomas Salez, Elie Raphaël, Kari Dalnoki-Veress
In this study, thin elastic films supported on a rigid substrate are brought into contact with a spherical glass indenter. Upon contact, adhesive fingers emerge at the periphery of the contact patch with a characteristic wavelength. Elastic films are also pre-strained along one axis before the initiation of contact, causing the fingering pattern to become anisotropic and align with the axis along which the strain was applied. This transition from isotropic to anisotropic patterning is characterized quantitatively and a simple model is developed to understand the origin of the anisotropy...
March 22, 2018: European Physical Journal. E, Soft Matter
Paolo Bollella, Yuya Hibino, Kenji Kano, Lo Gorton, Riccarda Antiochia
We report on the influence of pH and monovalent/divalent cations on the catalytic current response, internal electron transfer (IET), and structure of fructose dehydrogenase (FDH) by using amperometry, spectrophotometry, and circular dichroism (CD). Amperometric measurements were performed on graphite electrodes, onto which FDH was adsorbed and the effect on the response current to fructose was investigated when varying the pH and the concentrations of divalent/monovalent cations in the contacting buffer. In the presence of 10 mM CaCl2 , a current increase of up to ≈ 240% was observed, probably due to an intra-complexation reaction between Ca2+ and the aspartate/glutamate residues found at the interface between the dehydrogenase domain and the cytochrome domain of FDH...
March 22, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Lei Zhao, Jiangtao Cheng
Besides the Wenzel state, liquid droplets on micro/nanostructured surfaces can stay in the Cassie state and consequently exhibit intriguing characteristics such as a large contact angle, small contact angle hysteresis and exceptional mobility. Here we report molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of the wetting dynamics of Cassie-state water droplets on nanostructured ultrahydrophobic surfaces with an emphasis on the genesis of the contact line friction (CLF). From an ab initio perspective, CLF can be ascribed to the collective effect of solid-liquid retarding and viscous damping...
March 22, 2018: Nanoscale
Mohammadali Hassani, Ebrahim Jafarzadehpur, Ali Mirzajani, AbbasAli Yekta, Mehdi Khabazkhoob
Purpose: To compare the visual acuity outcome of the ClearKone SynergEyes™ hybrid contact lens and Boston XO rigid gas permeable (RGP) contact lens in patients with keratoconus. Methods: Twenty-eight eyes with keratoconus participated in this study. The visual acuity was examined once with the RGP lens and once with the ClearKone SynergEyes™ hybrid contact lens. Results: The mean corneal keratometry, the mean lens back optic zone radius, and the mean vault was 7...
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Hassan Hashemi, Mehdi Khabazkhoob, Payam Nabovati, Negareh Yazdani, Hadi Ostadimoghaddam, Ehsan Shiralivand, Akbar Derakhshan, AbbasAli Yekta
Purpose: To determine the normal range of intraocular pressure (IOP) in the young and its association with certain corneal parameters using a non-contact device. Methods: Subjects were selected from students of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences through stratified sampling. All participants had visual acuity testing, corneal imaging, a comprehensive slit-lamp examination by an ophthalmologist, and IOP measurement using a non-contact air-puff tonometer. Results: Of the 1280 invitees, 1073 (83...
March 2018: Journal of Current Ophthalmology
Chris Moore, Jenna Bulger, Matt Morgan, Timothy Driscoll, Alison Porter, Saiful Islam, Mike Smyth, Gavin Perkins, Bernadette Sewell, Timothy Rainer, Prabath Nanayakkara, Chukwudi Okolie, Susan Allen, Greg Fegan, Jan Davies, Theresa Foster, Nick Francis, Fang Gao Smith, Gemma Ellis, Tracy Shanahan, Robin Howe, Helen Snooks
Background: Sepsis is a common condition which kills between 36,000 and 64,000 people every year in the UK. Early recognition and management of sepsis has been shown to reduce mortality and improve the health and well-being of people with sepsis. Paramedics frequently come into contact with patients with sepsis and are well placed to provide early diagnosis and treatment.We aim to determine the feasibility of undertaking a fully powered randomised controlled trial (RCT) to test the clinical and cost-effectiveness of paramedics obtaining blood cultures from and administering IV antibiotics to patients with sepsis, so we can make a decision about whether to proceed to a fully powered randomised controlled trial, which will answer questions regarding safety and effectiveness for patients and benefit to the National Health Service (NHS)...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
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