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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723724/coping-strategies-used-by-breast-prostate-and-colorectal-cancer-survivors-a-literature-review
#1
Mari P Lashbrook, Patricia C Valery, Vikki Knott, Marilynne N Kirshbaum, Christina M Bernardes
BACKGROUND: Individual coping strategies are a fundamental element underpinning psychosocial distress. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe coping strategies and their measurement used by survivors of breast, prostate, and/or colorectal cancer after treatment. METHODS: A search of electronic databases (PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO) was conducted from January 1980 to March 2015. Data were extracted using standardized forms and included studies that explored the coping mechanisms of survivorship of breast, prostate, or colorectal cancer...
July 14, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723253/end-of-life-services-among-patients-with-cancer-evidence-from-cancer-registry-records-linked-with-commercial-health-insurance-claims
#2
Cara L McDermott, Catherine Fedorenko, Karma Kreizenbeck, Qin Sun, Bruce Smith, J Randall Curtis, Ted Conklin, Scott D Ramsey
PURPOSE: Despite guidelines emphasizing symptom management over aggressive treatment, end-of-life care for persons with cancer in the United States is highly variable. In consultation with a regional collaboration of patients, providers, and payers, we investigated indicators of high-quality end-of-life care to describe patterns of care, identify areas for improvement, and inform future interventions to enhance end-of-life care for patients with cancer. METHODS: We linked insurance claims to clinical information from the western Washington SEER database...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723252/across-the-continuum-how-inpatient-palliative-care-consultations-are-reported-in-hospital-discharge-summaries
#3
Nikki Miller, John Shuler, Deon Hayley, Jianghua He, Karin Porter-Williamson, Jessica Kalender-Rich
BACKGROUND: Inpatient Palliative Care (PC) consultations help develop a patient-centered and quality-of-life-focused plan of care for patients with serious illness. Discharge summaries (DSs) are an essential tool to maintain continuity of these care plans across multiple locations and providers. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of selected DSs of patients who received inpatient PC consultations at the University of Kansas Hospital from July 2011 to May 2015...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720617/protocol-for-an-online-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-clinical-and-cost-effectiveness-of-a-peer-supported-self-management-intervention-for-relatives-of-people-with-psychosis-or-bipolar-disorder-relatives-education-and-coping-toolkit-react
#4
Fiona Lobban, Heather Robinson, Duncan Appelbe, Johanna Barraclough, Emma Bedson, Lizzie Collinge, Susanna Dodd, Sue Flowers, Mahsa Honary, Sonia Johnson, Ceu Mateus, Barbara Mezes, Valerie Minns, Elizabeth Murray, Andrew Walker, Paula Williamson, Catherine Wintermeyer, Steven Jones
INTRODUCTION: Despite clinical guidelines recommendations, many relatives of people with psychosis or bipolar disorder do not currently receive the support they need. Online information and support may offer a solution. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This single-blind, parallel, online randomised controlled trial will determine clinical and cost-effectiveness of the Relatives Education And Coping Toolkit (REACT) (including an online resource directory (RD)), compared with RD only, for relatives of people with psychosis or bipolar disorder...
July 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720139/the-golmepsa-study-protocol-an-investigator-initiated-double-blind-parallel-group-randomised-controlled-trial-of-golimumab-and-methotrexate-versus-methotrexate-in-early-diagnosed-psoriatic-arthritis-using-clinical-and-whole-body-mri-outcomes
#5
Gabriele De Marco, Philip Helliwell, Dennis McGonagle, Paul Emery, Laura C Coates, Elizabeth M A Hensor, Helena Marzo-Ortega
BACKGROUND: Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is a chronic inflammatory arthritis which impacts significantly on the quality of life and work capacity of affected individuals. Recent evidence has shown that early control of inflammation in PsA leads to improved long-term outcomes. It is postulated that prompt intervention after diagnosis using a remission-induction treatment strategy will lead to improved outcomes and optimal disease control of PsA. The aim of the present study was to compare the clinical efficacy of a treatment strategy in newly diagnosed, treatment naïve PsA subjects, using the combination of golimumab (GOL), methotrexate (MTX) and steroids versus standard care (MTX monotherapy plus steroids)...
July 18, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719564/the-new-apgar-score-a-checklist-to-enhance-quality-of-life-in-geriatric-patients-with-hip-fracture
#6
Joseph Bernstein, Sara Weintraub, Eric Hume, Mark D Neuman, Stephen L Kates, Jaimo Ahn
For geriatric patients with hip fractures, the broken bone is the reason for admission, but only part of the overall disease. Indeed, it may be more helpful to consider the patient having geriatric hip fracture syndrome or sustaining a hip attack, as there are many associated medical, social, psychological, and other problems to which attention must be paid. To that end, we have identified a series of 10 steps, collected into a checklist, that can be undertaken for all patients with geriatric hip fracture. In homage to the maxim "we come into the world under the brim of the pelvis and go out through the neck of the femur," we defined our checklist by the acronym APGAR SCORE, named after the classic checklist of the same name used to assess a newborn child...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719222/how-drug-life-cycle-management-patent-strategies-may-impact-formulary-management
#7
Jan Berger, Jeffrey D Dunn, Margaret M Johnson, Kurt R Karst, W Chad Shear
Drug manufacturers may employ various life-cycle management patent strategies, which may impact managed care decision making regarding formulary planning and management strategies when single-source, branded oral pharmaceutical products move to generic status. Passage of the Hatch-Waxman Act enabled more rapid access to generic medications through the abbreviated new drug application process. Patent expirations of small-molecule medications and approvals of generic versions have led to substantial cost savings for health plans, government programs, insurers, pharmacy benefits managers, and their customers...
October 2016: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717769/end-of-life-care-in-latin-america
#8
REVIEW
Enrique Soto-Perez-de-Celis, Yanin Chavarri-Guerra, Tania Pastrana, Rossana Ruiz-Mendoza, Alexandra Bukowski, Paul E Goss
Cancer has become a global pandemic with disproportionately higher mortality rates in low- and middle- income countries, where a large fraction of patients present in advanced stages and in need of end-of-life care. Globally, the number of adults needing end-of-life care is greater than 19 million, and up to 78% of these patients are living in low- and middle- income countries. In the Americas alone, more than one million people are in need of end-of-life care, placing an enormous burden on local health systems, which are often unprepared to meet the challenge presented by this complex patient population...
June 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717738/collaborative-pediatric-bone-tumor-program-to-improve-access-to-specialized-care-an-initiative-by-the-lebanese-children-s-oncology-group
#9
Raya Saab, Zeina Merabi, Miguel R Abboud, Samar Muwakkit, Peter Noun, Gladys Gemayel, Elie Bechara, Hassan Khalifeh, Roula Farah, Nabil Kabbara, Tarek El-Khoury, Rasha Al-Yousef, Rachid Haidar, Said Saghieh, Toufic Eid, Samir Akel, Nabil Khoury, Layal Bayram, Matthew J Krasin, Sima Jeha, Hassan El-Solh
BACKGROUND: Children with malignant bone tumors have average 5-year survival rates of 60% to 70% with current multimodality therapy. Local control modalities aimed at preserving function greatly influence the quality of life of long-term survivors. In developing countries, the limited availability of multidisciplinary care and limited expertise in specialized surgery and pediatric radiation therapy, as well as financial cost, all form barriers to achieving optimal outcomes in this population...
February 2017: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716350/progress-and-priorities-for-reproductive-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-in-kenya-a-countdown-to-2015-country-case-study
#10
Emily C Keats, Anthony Ngugi, William Macharia, Nadia Akseer, Emma Nelima Khaemba, Zaid Bhatti, Arjumand Rizvi, John Tole, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Progress in reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health (RMNCH) in Kenya has been inconsistent over the past two decades, despite the global push to foster accountability, reduce child mortality, and improve maternal health in an equitable manner. Although several cross-sectional assessments have been done, a systematic analysis of RMNCH in Kenya was needed to better understand the push and pull factors that govern intervention coverage and influence mortality trends...
August 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716014/the-comprehensive-post-acute-stroke-services-compass-study-design-and-methods-for-a-cluster-randomized-pragmatic-trial
#11
Pamela W Duncan, Cheryl D Bushnell, Wayne D Rosamond, Sara B Jones Berkeley, Sabina B Gesell, Ralph B D'Agostino, Walter T Ambrosius, Blair Barton-Percival, Janet Prvu Bettger, Sylvia W Coleman, Doyle M Cummings, Janet K Freburger, Jacqueline Halladay, Anna M Johnson, Anna M Kucharska-Newton, Gladys Lundy-Lamm, Barbara J Lutz, Laurie H Mettam, Amy M Pastva, Mysha E Sissine, Betsy Vetter
BACKGROUND: Patients discharged home after stroke face significant challenges managing residual neurological deficits, secondary prevention, and pre-existing chronic conditions. Post-discharge care is often fragmented leading to increased healthcare costs, readmissions, and sub-optimal utilization of rehabilitation and community services. The COMprehensive Post-Acute Stroke Services (COMPASS) Study is an ongoing cluster-randomized pragmatic trial to assess the effectiveness of a comprehensive, evidence-based, post-acute care model on patient-centered outcomes...
July 17, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715439/knowledge-attitude-and-perceived-stigma-towards-tuberculosis-among-pastoralists-do-they-differ-from-sedentary-communities-a-comparative-cross-sectional-study
#12
Bezawit Temesgen Sima, Tefera Belachew, Fekadu Abebe
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is ninth among the world high tuberculosis (TB) burden countries, pastoralists being the most affected population. However, there is no published report whether the behavior related to TB are different between pastoralist and the sedentary communities. Therefore, the main aim of this study is to assess the pastoralist community knowledge, attitude and perceived stigma towards tuberculosis and their health care seeking behavior in comparison to the neighboring sedentary communities and this may help to plan TB control interventions specifically for the pastoralist communities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714543/effect-of-psychosocial-distress-on-outcome-for-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-undergoing-radiation
#13
Allen M Chen, Sophia Hsu, Care Felix, Jordan Garst, Taeko Yoshizaki
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To determine the impact of pretreatment psychosocial distress on compliance to radiation therapy (RT) and clinical outcomes for patients with head and neck cancer STUDY DESIGN: Self-reported responses to the mood and anxiety domains of the University of Washington Quality of Life instrument were reviewed among 133 patients with newly diagnosed head and neck cancer prior to initiating RT. METHODS: Varying definitions were used (total number of unexpectedly missed RT days, >5 days continuous interruption of RT outside of weekends, >10 days continuous interruption of RT, and failure to complete prescribed course of RT) to analyze the effect of psychosocial disruption on compliance...
July 17, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712349/a-community-partnered-participatory-cluster-randomized-study-of-depression-care-quality-improvement-three-year-outcomes
#14
Michael K Ong, Loretta Jones, Wayne Aoki, Thomas R Belin, Elizabeth Bromley, Bowen Chung, Elizabeth Dixon, Megan Dwight Johnson, Felica Jones, Paul Koegel, Dmitry Khodyakov, Craig M Landry, Elizabeth Lizaola, Norma Mtume, Victoria K Ngo, Judith Perlman, Esmeralda Pulido, Vivian Sauer, Cathy D Sherbourne, Lingqi Tang, Ed Vidaurri, Yolanda Whittington, Pluscedia Williams, Aziza Lucas-Wright, Lily Zhang, Marvin Southard, Jeanne Miranda, Kenneth Wells
OBJECTIVE: Community Partners in Care, a community-partnered, cluster-randomized trial with depressed clients from 93 Los Angeles health and community programs, examined the added value of a community coalition approach (Community Engagement and Planning [CEP]) versus individual program technical assistance (Resources for Services [RS]) for implementing depression quality improvement in underserved communities. CEP was more effective than RS in improving mental health-related quality of life, reducing behavioral health hospitalizations, and shifting services toward community-based programs at six months...
July 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710219/comparison-of-propofol-and-dexmedetomidine-infused-overnight-to-treat-hyperactive-and-mixed-icu-delirium-a-protocol-for-the-basel-prodex-clinical-trial
#15
Alexa Hollinger, Katrin Ledergerber, Stefanie von Felten, Raoul Sutter, Stephan Rüegg, Lukas Gantner, Sibylle Zimmermann, Andrea Blum, Luzius A Steiner, Stephan Marsch, Martin Siegemund
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Delirium is a neurobehavioural disturbance that frequently develops particularly in the intensive care unit (ICU) population. It was first described more than half a century ago, where it was already discovered as a state that might come along with serious complications such as prolonged ICU and hospital stay, reduced quality of life and increased mortality. However, in most cases, there is still lack of proof for causal relationship. Its presence frequently remains unrecognised due to suggested predominance of the hypoactive form...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708342/-admission-to-intensive-care-of-palliative-care-patients-the-stakes-and-factors-influencing-the-decision
#16
Monica Escher, Mathieu Nendaz, Bara Ricou
Palliative care patients have limited prospects of survival and the benefit of intensive care is uncertain. To make a decision there are considerations other than survival probabilities. Patients should receive appropriate care and be spared suffering. End of life in the intensive care unit has an impact on families, who may develop psychological problems or complicated grief. End of life care can be a source of conflicts and cause burnout in health providers. Finally, intensive care is an expensive resource, which must be fairly allocated...
February 1, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708339/-advance-directives-and-advance-care-planning
#17
Petra Vayne-Bossert, Christiane Vailloud, Dominique Ducloux, Caroline Matis, Laurence Déramé
Advance directives (AD) and Advance Care Planning (ACP) are two measures a person may undertake to assure that their treatment preferences will be respected until the end of his / her life. Anticipation is based on an open and honest communication between the patient, the durable medical power of attorney and the health care professionals. ADs and ACPs are based on a person's values and beliefs that are important to his quality of life. ACP is a continuing process, initiated by health care professionals and integrated into the health care plan of a person...
February 1, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707846/palliative-sedation-ethical-aspects
#18
Guido Miccinesi, Augusto Caraceni, Marco Maltoni
Palliative sedation (PS), the medical act of decreasing a patient's awareness to relieve otherwise intractable suffering, is considered by some commentators to be controversial because of its consequences on residual survival and/or quality of life, and to be inappropriate for treating pure existential suffering. We will argue that PS must be always proportional, i.e. controlling refractory symptoms while keeping the loss of personal values (communication, affective relationships, care relationship) as low as possible, and that imminence of death is necessary too, from an ethical point of view, if a deep and continuous sedation (DCS) is proposed...
July 12, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706945/measuring-family-members-satisfaction-with-end-of-life-care-in-long-term-care-adaptation-of-the-canhelp-lite-questionnaire
#19
Shevaun Nadin, Mohammed Ali Miandad, Mary Lou Kelley, Jill Marcella, Daren K Heyland
RATIONALE: Improving end-of-life care (EOLC) in long-term care (LTC) homes requires quality measurement tools that assess families' satisfaction with care. This research adapted and pilot-tested an EOLC satisfaction measure (Canadian Health Care Evaluation Project (CANHELP) Lite Questionnaire) for use in LTC to measure families' perceptions of the EOLC experience and to be self-administered. METHODS AND RESULTS: Phase 1. A literature review identified key domains of satisfaction with EOLC in LTC, and original survey items were assessed for inclusiveness and relevance...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706089/evaluation-of-the-geriatric-co-management-for-patients-with-fragility-fractures-of-the-proximal-femur-geriatric-fracture-centre-gfc-concept-protocol-for-a-prospective-multicentre-cohort-study
#20
Alexander Joeris, Anahí Hurtado-Chong, Denise Hess, Vasiliki Kalampoki, Michael Blauth
INTRODUCTION: Treatment of fractures in the elderly population is a clinical challenge due partly to the presence of comorbidities. In a Geriatric Fracture Centre (GFC), patients are co-managed by a geriatrician in an attempt to improve clinical outcomes and reduce morbidity and mortality. Until now the beneficial effect of orthogeriatric co-management has not been definitively proven. The primary objective of this study is to determine the effect of GFC on predefined major adverse events related to a hip fracture compared to usual care centres (UCC)...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
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