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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818245/estimation-of-breast-cancer-incident-cases-and-medical-care-costs-attributable-to-alcohol-consumption-among-insured-women-aged-45-years-in-the-u-s
#1
Donatus U Ekwueme, Benjamin T Allaire, William J Parish, Cheryll C Thomas, Diana Poehler, Gery P Guy, Arnie P Aldridge, Sejal R Lahoti, Temeika L Fairley, Justin G Trogdon
INTRODUCTION: This study estimated the percentage of breast cancer cases, total number of incident cases, and total annual medical care costs attributable to alcohol consumption among insured younger women (aged 18-44 years) by type of insurance and stage at diagnosis. METHODS: The study used the 2012-2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, cancer incidence data from two national registry programs, and published relative risk measures to estimate the: (1) alcohol-attributable fraction of breast cancer cases among younger women by insurance type; (2) total number of breast cancer incident cases attributable to alcohol consumption by stage at diagnosis and insurance type among younger women; and (3) total annual medical care costs of treating breast cancer incident cases attributable to alcohol consumption among younger women...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813208/substance-use-and-dependence-among-current-reserve-and-former-military-members-cross-sectional-findings-from-the-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health-2010-2014
#2
Rachel A Hoopsick, Jennifer Fillo, Bonnie M Vest, D Lynn Homish, Gregory G Homish
BACKGROUND: Maladjustment after leaving the military may contribute to poor health outcomes, including increased risk for substance use and dependence. AIMS: We aimed to examine differences in substance use and dependence on the basis of military involvement in a large nationally representative sample. METHODS: Data are from a subset of the 2010-2014 waves of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (N = 5,608). Our sample included men and women aged 20-49 years who had either separated/retired from the military (n = 4,862) or were a current reserve soldier (n = 746)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801473/type-2-diabetes-in-the-real-world-the-elusive-nature-of-glycemic-control
#3
Steven V Edelman, William H Polonsky
Despite U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of over 40 new treatment options for type 2 diabetes since 2005, the latest data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey show that the proportion of patients achieving glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) <7.0% (<53 mmol/mol) remains around 50%, with a negligible decline between the periods 2003-2006 and 2011-2014. The Healthcare Effectiveness Data and Information Set reports even more alarming rates, with only about 40% and 30% of patients achieving HbA1c <7...
August 11, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792521/association-of-psychotropic-drug-use-with-falls-among-older-adults-in-germany-results-of-the-german-health-interview-and-examination-survey-for-adults-2008-2011-degs1
#4
Yong Du, Ingrid-Katharina Wolf, Hildtraud Knopf
PURPOSE: To investigate the association of psychotropic drug use with falls among older adults in Germany based on data from the National Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults 2008-2011 (DEGS1). METHODS: DEGS1 collected data on drug use in the past 7 days and on falls occurred in the last 12 months. Study participants were older adults aged 65-79 years with complete data on drug use and falls (N = 1,833). Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were derived from logistic regression models adjusting for potential confounders including socio-demographic characteristics, health-related behaviors (alcohol drinking), body mass index and health conditions (frailty, vision impairment, disability, polypharmacy, blood pressure) as well as use of potential falls-risk-increasing drugs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790493/substance-misuse-and-substance-use-disorders-why-do-they-matter-in-healthcare
#5
A Thomas McLellan
This paper first introduces important conceptual and practical distinctions among three key terms: substance "use," "misuse," and "disorders" (including addiction), and goes on to describe and quantify the important health and social problems associated with these terms. National survey data are presented to summarize the prevalence and varied costs associated with misuse of alcohol, illegal drugs, and prescribed medications in the United States. With this as background, the paper then describes historical views, perspectives, and efforts to deal with substance misuse problems in the United States and discusses how basic, clinical, and health service research, combined with recent changes in healthcare legislation and financing, have set the stage for a more effective, comprehensive public health approach...
2017: Transactions of the American Clinical and Climatological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789980/use-of-higher-nicotine-tar-yield-regular-full-flavor-cigarettes-is-associated-with-nicotine-dependence-and-smoking-during-pregnancy-among-u-s-women
#6
Stephen T Higgins, Ryan Redner, Christopher A Arger, Allison N Kurti, Jeff S Priest, Janice Y Bunn
The present study examined full-flavor cigarette use among women of reproductive age to assess whether use is associated with greater nicotine dependence and smoking during pregnancy. We used data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2005-2014). Consecutive years were combined to assure sufficient numbers of pregnant women. We examined whether use of full-flavor cigarettes was associated with greater odds of nicotine dependence using the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence and Nicotine Dependence Syndrome Scale (NDSS), controlling for other smoking characteristics...
August 5, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783546/smoking-during-pregnancy-in-the-united-states-2005-2014-the-role-of-depression
#7
Renee D Goodwin, Keely Cheslack-Postava, Deborah B Nelson, Philip H Smith, Melanie M Wall, Deborah S Hasin, Yoko Nomura, Sandro Galea
BACKGROUND: Despite success of public health-oriented tobacco control programs in lowering the smoking prevalence over the past several decades, it is unclear whether similar reductions in smoking have been experienced among pregnant women, especially in vulnerable groups such as those with major depression and/or lower socioeconomic status. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between major depressive episode (MDE) and smoking among pregnant women overall, and by demographics and to estimate changes in the prevalence of cigarette smoking among pregnant women with and without MDE from 2005 to 2014...
July 18, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777874/the-contribution-of-health-risk-behaviours-to-excess-mortality-in-american-adults-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-a-population-cohort-study
#8
H Innes, A McAuley, M Alavi, H Valerio, D Goldberg, S J Hutchinson
BACKGROUND: In resource-rich countries, chronic hepatitis C (CHC) infection is associated with a sizeable excess mortality risk. The extent to which this is due to: (a) the biological sequelae of CHC infection, versus b) a high concomitant burden of health risk behaviours (HRBs), is unclear. METHODS: We used data from the 1999-2010 US National-Health-and-Nutritional-Examination-Surveys (NHANES), which include detailed information on HRBs and CHC infection status...
August 4, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777709/substance-use-disorder-and-suicide-attempt-among-people-who-report-compromised-health
#9
Jonathan Prince
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorder can increase the risk of suicide attempt. However, the relationship between substance use disorder and suicide attempt has yet to be explored among people who report compromised health, even though sick people are more likely to make an attempt. OBJECTIVES: Among people who report fair or poor health on the National Survey of Drug Use and Health (2006-2014; N = 502,467), I examined whether people with commonly occurring substance use disorders are more likely to attempt suicide than people without substance use disorders...
August 4, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770594/multi-month-prescriptions-fast-track-refills-and-community-art-groups-results-from-a-process-evaluation-in-malawi-on-using-differentiated-models-of-care-to-achieve-national-hiv-treatment-goals
#10
REVIEW
Margaret L Prust, Clement K Banda, Rose Nyirenda, Frank Chimbwandira, Thokozani Kalua, Andreas Jahn, Michael Eliya, Katie Callahan, Peter Ehrenkranz, Marta R Prescott, Elizabeth A McCarthy, Elya Tagar, Andrews Gunda
INTRODUCTION: In order to facilitate scale-up of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Malawi, innovative and pragmatic models have been developed to optimize the efficiency of HIV service delivery. In particular, three models of differentiated care have emerged for stable patients: adjusted appointment spacing through multi-month scripting (MMS); fast-track drug refills (FTRs) on alternating visits; and community ART groups (CAGs) where group members rotate in collecting medications at the facility for all members...
July 21, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765261/burden-of-child-and-adolescent-obesity-on-health-services-in-england
#11
Russell M Viner, Sanjay Kinra, Dasha Nicholls, Tim Cole, Anthony Kessel, Deborah Christie, Billy White, Helen Croker, Ian C K Wong, Sonia Saxena
OBJECTIVE: To assess the numbers of obese children and young people (CYP) eligible for assessment and management at each stage of the childhood obesity pathway in England. DESIGN: Pathway modelling study, operationalising the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidance on childhood obesity management against national survey data. SETTING: Data on CYP aged 2-18 years from the Health Survey for England 2006 to 2013. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical obesity (body mass index (BMI) >98th centile), extreme obesity (BMI ≥99...
August 1, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763780/treatment-use-sources-of-payment-and-financial-barriers-to-treatment-among-individuals-with-opioid-use-disorder-following-the-national-implementation-of-the-aca
#12
Ryan M McKenna
INTRODUCTION: Despite increasing rates of opioid misuse and hospitalizations, rates of treatment for those with opioid use disorder (OUD) are very low. This study examined the impact of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act's (ACA) insurance expansion on improving rates of insurance, health care access, and treatment for those with OUD. METHODS: Data on individuals ages 18-64 with OUD come from the 2008-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (N=4100)...
July 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761945/prescription-opioid-use-misuse-and-use-disorders-in-u-s-adults-2015-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health
#13
Beth Han, Wilson M Compton, Carlos Blanco, Elizabeth Crane, Jinhee Lee, Christopher M Jones
Background: Despite the continuing epidemic of opioid misuse, data on the prevalence of prescription opioid use, misuse, and use disorders are limited. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of prescription opioid use, misuse, and use disorders and motivations for misuse among U.S. adults. Design: Survey. Setting: The 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). Participants: 72 600 eligible civilian, noninstitutionalized adults were selected for NSDUH, and 51 200 completed the survey interview...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761794/newly-incident-cannabis-use-in-the-united-states-2002-2011-a-regional-and-state-level-benchmark
#14
Jacob P Leinweber, Hui G Cheng, Catalina Lopez-Quintero, James C Anthony
BACKGROUND: Cannabis use and cannabis regulatory policies recently re-surfaced as noteworthy global research and social media topics, including claims that Mexicans have been sending cannabis and other drug supplies through a porous border into the United States. These circumstances prompted us to conduct an epidemiological test of whether the states bordering Mexico had exceptionally large cannabis incidence rates for 2002-2011. The resulting range of cannabis incidence rates disclosed here can serve as 2002-2011 benchmark values against which estimates from later years can be compared...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761670/potential-contribution-of-lifestyle-and-socioeconomic-factors-to-healthy-user-bias-in-antihypertensives-and-lipid-lowering-drugs
#15
Mitsuyo Kinjo, Edward Chia-Cheng Lai, Maarit Jaana Korhonen, Rita L McGill, Soko Setoguchi
OBJECTIVES: Healthy user bias arises when users of preventive medications such as lipid-lowering drugs (LLDs), hormone replacement therapy and antihypertensive (AH) medications are healthier than non-users due to factors other than medication effects, making the medications appear more beneficial in observational studies of effectiveness and safety. The purpose of the study is to examine factors contributing to healthy user effect in patients taking AHs or LLDs. METHODS: Among patients with hypertension or hyperlipidaemia in a population-based sample from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2010), we assessed the association between socioeconomic and lifestyle factors and the use of AHs/LLDs by logistic regression with adjustment for demographics and comorbidities in a cross-sectional study...
2017: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761500/predicting-factors-of-depression-antidepressant-use-and-positive-response-to-antidepressants-in-perinatal-and-postpartum-women
#16
Huyen Vu, Fadia T Shaya
BACKGROUND: In the United States, there is a disparity in knowledge of nationwide depression prevalence, the antidepressant use and the antidepressant responses during perinatal/postpartum periods. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the predicting factors of depression, antidepressant use and positive antidepressant response during the perinatal/postpartum periods. METHOD: The 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (NHANES) were combined to identify adult pregnant women, those within the 18-month postpartum period (n=492) and their depression statuses via demographics, health care accessibility, antidepressant use and illicit drug use information...
2017: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759320/a-cross-comparative-survey-of-information-seeking-and-scanning-about-drug-related-sources-and-topics-among-u-s-and-israeli-college-students
#17
Ying Cheng, Jisoo Ahn, Nehama Lewis, Lourdes S Martinez
There is an increasing amount of drug-related information that is easily accessible from media and interpersonal sources. Recent research shows significant positive associations between information acquisition and nonmedical drug use intentions among college students. This study examines information about amphetamines and marijuana that was actively searched ("seeking") as well as information that was encountered during routine media use ("scanning"). Data are drawn from a cross-national comparative survey of college students in the United States (N = 734) and in Israel (N = 800)...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756102/trends-in-typologies-of-concurrent-alcohol-marijuana-and-cigarette-use-among-us-adolescents-an-ecological-examination-by-sex-and-race-ethnicity
#18
Devin E Banks, Alia T Rowe, Philani Mpofu, Tamika C B Zapolski
Substance use during adolescence is a public health concern due to associated physical and behavioral health consequences. Such consequences are amplified among concurrent substance users. Although sex and racial/ethnic differences in single-substance use have been observed, the current literature is inconclusive as to whether differences exist in the prevalence of concurrent use. The current study used data from the 2011-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health to examine typologies (single and concurrent patterns) of alcohol, marijuana, and cigarette use among current adolescent users age 12-18 by sex and race/ethnicity...
July 21, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755982/use-and-perceptions-of-caffeinated-energy-drinks-and-energy-shots-in-canada
#19
Danielle Wiggers, Jessica L Reid, Christine M White, David Hammond
INTRODUCTION: In Canada, energy drinks and energy shots are currently classified and regulated differently (food and drugs versus natural health products, respectively), on the assumption that they are used and perceived differently. The current study examined potential differences in use and perceptions of energy drinks and shots. METHODS: An online survey was conducted in 2015 using a national commercial online panel of youth and young adults aged 12-24 years (n=2,040 retained for analysis in 2016)...
July 26, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749620/socioeconomic-inequality-in-concurrent-tobacco-and-alcohol-consumption
#20
Nirun Intarut, Piyalak Pukdeesamai
Background: Whilst several studies have examined inequity of tobacco use and inequity of alcohol drinking individually, comparatively little is known about concurrent tobacco and alcohol consumption. The present study therefore investigated inequity of concurrent tobacco and alcohol consumption in Thailand. Methods: The 2015 Health and Welfare Survey was obtained from Thailand’s National Statistical Office and used as a source of national representative data. Concurrent tobacco and alcohol consumption was defined as current and concurrent use of both tobacco and alcohol...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
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