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national survey drug use and health

P F Vollebregt, A A van Bodegraven, T M L Markus-de Kwaadsteniet, D van der Horst, R J F Felt-Bersma
BACKGROUND: Patient reported outcomes regarding perianal disease and faecal incontinence in the community-based inflammatory bowel disease population are poorly described. AIMS: To determine the impacts of perianal disease and faecal incontinence on quality of life and employment in inflammatory bowel disease patients. METHODS: For this cross-sectional study, a comprehensive survey was sent out to members of the Dutch National Crohn's and Colitis patient organisation...
March 9, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Kesheng Wang, Ying Liu, Youssoufou Ouedraogo, Nianyang Wang, Xin Xie, Chun Xu, Xingguang Luo
Early alcohol, tobacco and drug use prior to 18 years old are comorbid and correlated. This study included 6239 adults with major depressive disorder (MDD) in the past year and 72,010 controls from the combined data of 2013 and 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). To deal with multicollinearity existing among 17 variables related to early alcohol, tobacco and drug use prior to 18 years old, we used principal component analysis (PCA) to infer PC scores and then use weighted multiple logistic regression analyses to estimate the associations of potential factors and PC scores with MDD...
February 24, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Bin Yu, Xinguang Chen, Yan Wang
BACKGROUND: Marijuana and tobacco are considered two closely related substances. It is of great significance to understand the mutual impact of marijuana and cigarette use when more states in the US have legalized marijuana use. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the transitions between marijuana and cigarette use among adolescents and emerging adults. METHOD: Guided by the probabilistic discrete events systems (PDES) theory, a five-stage model with 21 transition paths was constructed to quantify dynamic transitions between marijuana and cigarette use...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Christina Riley, Stephanie Dellicour, Peter Ouma, Urbanus Kioko, Ahmeddin Omar, Simon Kariuki, Zipporah Ng'ang'a, Meghna Desai, Ann M Buff, Julie R Gutman
Prompt diagnosis and effective treatment of acute malaria in pregnancy (MiP) is important for the mother and fetus; data on health-care provider adherence to diagnostic guidelines in pregnancy are limited. From September to November 2013, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in 51 health facilities and 39 drug outlets in Western Kenya. Provider knowledge of national diagnostic guidelines for uncomplicated MiP were assessed using standardized questionnaires. The use of parasitologic testing was assessed in health facilities via exit interviews with febrile women of childbearing age and in drug outlets via simulated-client scenarios, posing as pregnant women or their spouses...
March 5, 2018: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Sieta T de Vries, Petra Denig, Carmen Lasheras Ruiz, François Houÿez, Lisa Wong, Alastair Sutcliffe, Peter G M Mol
INTRODUCTION: Previously, an app has been developed for healthcare professionals (HCPs) and patients to report adverse drug reactions (ADRs) to national medicines agencies and to receive drug safety information. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess (1) European HCPs' and patients' interest in an app for this two-way risk communication; (2) their preferences and perceptions towards specific app characteristics; and (3) which HCPs and patients are particularly interested in the app...
March 2, 2018: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
Lauren R Pacek, F Joseph McClernon
INTRODUCTION: Perceived risk of smoking is associated with smoking status, interest in quitting, quit attempts, and sustained quitting. Tracking and reporting of risk perceptions is integral to inform regulation and education. However, no research describes temporal changes in perceived great risk of smoking in the U.S. using nationally representative data. METHODS: Data came from the 2006-2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). Time trends were assessed for the population overall, stratified by smoking status and by sociodemographic characteristics...
February 5, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Shondra Loggins Clay, Marquianna Griffin, Wanda Averhart
This paper explores racial disparities and risk factors of adverse pregnancy outcomes in Black and White pregnant women in the US. The study uses a cross-sectional approach to explore Black and White disparities using data from the 2012 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), which collects interview data from approximately 70,000 randomly selected participants. We included several self-reported conditions that we categorised as individual and social stressors (e.g. measures of institutionalised racism, individual health behaviours, access to quality care and social context factors)...
February 28, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
Bonnie M Vest, Rachel A Hoopsick, D Lynn Homish, Rachel C Daws, Gregory G Homish
BACKGROUND: The goal of this work was to examine associations among childhood trauma, combat trauma and substance use (alcohol problems, frequent heavy drinking (FHD), current cigarette smoking, and current/lifetime drug use) and the interaction effects of childhood trauma and combat exposure on those associations among National Guard/Reserve soldiers. METHODS: Participants (n = 248) completed an electronic survey asking questions about their military experiences, physical and mental health, and substance use...
February 27, 2018: Substance Abuse
Hilary Davies-Kershaw, Irene Petersen, Irwin Nazareth, Fiona Stevenson
BACKGROUND: Drug misuse is a serious public health problem. Evidence from previous epidemiological studies show that GPs are recording drug misuse in electronic patient records (EPR). However, although the recording trends are similar to national surveys, recording rates are much lower. AIM: To explore the factors that influence GPs to record drug misuse in the EPR, and to gain a clearer understanding of the gap between the amount of drug misuse recorded in primary care and that in national surveys and other studies...
February 26, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
Laurie A Drabble, Karen F Trocki, Rachael A Korcha, Jamie L Klinger, Cindy B Veldhuis, Tonda L Hughes
OBJECTIVE: To examine similarities and differences in demographics and key substance use and mental health outcomes in a probability sample of heterosexual women and two samples of sexual minority women (SMW), one recruited using probability and the other using non-probability methods. METHODS: Using data from four waves of the National Alcohol Survey (NAS; n = 315 SMW; 10,523 heterosexual women) and Wave 3 of the Chicago Health and Life Experiences of Women (CHLEW; n = 688 SMW) study, we examined hazardous drinking, drug use, tobacco use, depression, and help-seeking for alcohol or other drug problems...
February 21, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Anders Prior, Mogens Vestergaard, Karen Kjær Larsen, Morten Fenger-Grøn
OBJECTIVES: Mental stress is common in the general population. Mounting evidence suggests that mental stress is associated with multimorbidity, suboptimal care and increased mortality. Delivering healthcare in a biopsychosocial context is key for general practitioners (GPs), but it remains unclear how persons with high levels of perceived stress are managed in primary care. We aimed to describe the association between perceived stress and primary care services by focusing on mental health-related activities and markers of elective/acute care while accounting for mental-physical multimorbidity...
February 24, 2018: BMJ Open
Harvey L Nicholson, Jason A Ford
BACKGROUND: Prescription drug misuse, especially opioid misuse, has become a public health crisis in the US. While much research attention has been focused on prescription drug misuse, a number of notable gaps in the literature remain. The current research addresses one of these gaps by examining racial/ethnic variation in prescription opioid misuse among adults. METHODS: We use data from the 2015 NSDUH to identify correlates of prescription opioid misuse among Black respondents aged 18 and older...
February 10, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Mir M Ali, Sara Lackey, Ryan Mutter, Richard McKeon
This study utilizes data from the National Survey of Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) to analyze the relationship between perceived unmet mental health care needs and suicidal ideation and attempt. Estimates from multivariable logistic regression models suggest that individuals who report perceived unmet mental health care needs have higher probability of experiencing suicidal ideation and attempt. Perceived unmet mental health care need has an important association with suicidal ideation and attempt, and efforts aimed at improving access to care are needed to address this issue...
February 23, 2018: Administration and Policy in Mental Health
Gillian L Schauer, Erica N Peters
BACKGROUND: Past-month marijuana and tobacco use (co-use) are increasing among U.S. adults, but little is known about the prevalence of co-use among U.S. youth. This study uses nationally representative data to assess the prevalence, correlates, and trends in co-use of marijuana and tobacco, tobacco-only use, and marijuana-only use among U.S. youth. METHODS: Data came from 176,245 youth ages 12-17 who responded to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health - a nationally representative, household interview survey - between 2005 and 2014...
February 2, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Nianyang Wang, Xin Xie
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of mental health service use among US adults, examine the associations of mental health service use with health insurance coverage, mental health problems and drug use, and detect health disparities. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with 5,434 adults receiving mental health service out of 37,424 adult respondents from the 2013 National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Weighted univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the associations of potential factors with mental health service use...
February 22, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
Michelle Rotermann, Ryan Macdonald
BACKGROUND: The Canadian federal government has committed to legalize, regulate, and restrict non-medical cannabis use by adults in 2018. To prepare for monitoring the health, social and economic impacts of this policy change, a greater understanding of the long-term trends in the prevalence of cannabis use in Canada is needed. DATA AND METHODS: Nine national surveys of the household population collected information about cannabis use during the period from 1985 through 2015...
February 21, 2018: Health Reports
Ryoko Susukida, Rosa M Crum, Hwanhee Hong, Elizabeth A Stuart, Ramin Mojtabai
OBJECTIVES: Few head-to-head comparisons of cocaine dependence medications exist, and combining data from different randomized controlled trials (RCTs) is fraught with methodological challenges including limited generalizability of the RCT findings. This study applied a novel meta-analytic approach to data of cocaine dependence medications. METHODS: Data from 4 placebo-controlled RCTs (Reserpine, Modafinil, Buspirone, and Ondansetron) were obtained from the National Institute of Drug Abuse Clinical Trials Network (n = 456)...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Virak Khieu, Vandine Or, Chhakda Tep, Peter Odermatt, Reiko Tsuyuoka, Meng Chuor Char, Molly A Brady, Joshua Sidwell, Aya Yajima, Rekol Huy, Kapa D Ramaiah, Sinuon Muth
BACKGROUND: Endemicity of lymphatic filariasis (LF) in Cambodia was proven in 1956 when microfilariae were detected in mosquitos in the Kratié province. In 2001, an extensive study confirmed the presence of both Brugia malayi and Wuchereria bancrofti microfilariae. In 2003, the Ministry of Health established a national task force to develop policies and strategies for controlling and eliminating neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), with the goal of eliminating LF by 2015. This article summarizes the work accomplished to eliminate LF as a public health problem in Cambodia...
February 20, 2018: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Melissa L Anderson, Bei-Hung Chang, Nisha Kini
BACKGROUND: Within the field of behavioral health research, one of the most understudied populations is the U.S. Deaf and hard-of-hearing (D/HH) population - a diverse group of individuals with hearing loss that have varied language and communication preferences, community affiliations, and sociocultural norms. Recent research identified concerning behavioral health disparities experienced by the D/HH population; yet, little research has been conducted to extend these findings to the topic of substance use disorder...
February 16, 2018: Substance Abuse
Shanthi Ameratunga, Nicki Jackson, Roshini Peiris-John, Janie Sheridan, Emma Moselen, Terryann Clark
Using a national survey of 8,500 New Zealand high school students, we investigated adolescents' concerns about their drinking, associated factors including help-seeking preferences and access to health care services, and how these varied by ethnicity and level of socioeconomic deprivation. Approximately 23.9% of the 3,704 current drinkers reported concerns (i.e., being worried about their drinking and/or having tried to cut down). Regression analyses revealed that Māori and Pacific youth were more likely than their New Zealand European peers to be concerned about their drinking...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
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