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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635521/assessment-of-an-innovative-voluntary-substance-abuse-treatment-program-designed-to-replace-compulsory-drug-detention-centers-in-malaysia
#1
Farrah Khan, Archana Krishnan, Mansur A Ghani, Jeffrey A Wickersham, Jeannia J Fu, Sin How Lim, Sangeeth Kaur Dhaliwal, Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Frederick L Altice
BACKGROUND: As part of an ongoing initiative by the Malaysian government to implement alternative approaches to involuntary detention of people who use drugs, the National Anti-Drug Agency has created new voluntary drug treatment programs known as Cure and Care (C&C) Centers that provide free access to addiction treatment services, including methadone maintenance therapy, integrated with social and health services. OBJECTIVES:   We evaluated early treatment outcomes and client satisfaction among patients accessing C&C treatment and ancillary services at Malaysia's second C&C Center located in Kota Bharu, Kelantan...
February 22, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633501/epidemiology-of-pediatric-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis-in-the-united-states-1993-2014
#2
Sarah E Smith, Robert Pratt, Lisa Trieu, Pennan M Barry, Dzung T Thai, Shama Desai Ahuja, Sarita Shah
Background: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) is an important global public health threat, but accurate estimates of MDR TB burden among children are lacking. Methods: We analyzed demographic, clinical and laboratory data for newly-diagnosed pediatric (<15 years) TB cases reported to the US National TB Surveillance System (NTSS) during 1993-2014. MDR TB was defined as culture-confirmed TB disease with resistance to at least isoniazid and rifampicin. To ascertain potential under-estimation of pediatric MDR TB, we surveyed high burden states for clinically-diagnosed cases treated for MDR TB...
June 19, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630036/understanding-health-information-seeking-on-the-internet-among-sexual-minority-people-cross-sectional-analysis-from-the-health-information-national-trends-survey
#3
Jennifer M Jabson, Joanne G Patterson, Charles Kamen
BACKGROUND: Individuals who face barriers to health care are more likely to access the Internet to seek health information. Pervasive stigma and heterosexism in the health care setting are barriers to health care for sexual minority people (SMP, ie, lesbian, gay, and bisexual people); therefore, SMP may be more likely to use the Internet as a source of health information compared to heterosexual people. OBJECTIVE: Currently, there is a dearth of published empirical evidence concerning health information seeking on the Internet among SMP; the current project addresses this gap...
June 19, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627110/patient-preferences-for-healthcare-delivery-through-community-pharmacy-settings-in-the-usa-a-discrete-choice-study
#4
M Feehan, M Walsh, J Godin, D Sundwall, M A Munger
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: In order to improve public health, it is necessary to facilitate patients' easy access to affordable high-quality primary health care, and one enhanced approach to do so may be to provide primary healthcare services in the community pharmacy setting. Discrete choice experiments to evaluate patient demand for services in pharmacy are relatively limited and have been hampered by a focus on only a few service alternatives, most focusing on changes in more traditional pharmacy services...
June 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622626/age-related-patterns-in-nonmedical-prescription-opioid-use-and-disorder-in-the-us-population-at-ages-12-34-from-2002-to-2014
#5
Mei-Chen Hu, Pamela Griesler, Melanie Wall, Denise B Kandel
OBJECTIVES: To estimate age-related patterns in nonmedical prescription opioid (NMPO) use in the US population and disorder among past-year users at ages 12-34 between 2002 and 2014, controlling for period and birth-cohort effects. METHODS: Data are from 13 consecutive cross-sectional National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (N=542,556). Synthetic longitudinal cohorts spanning ages 12-34 were created and an age-period-cohort analysis was implemented based on the Intrinsic Estimator algorithm...
May 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617771/tobacco-use-among-middle-and-high-school-students-united-states-2011-2016
#6
Ahmed Jamal, Andrea Gentzke, S Sean Hu, Karen A Cullen, Benjamin J Apelberg, David M Homa, Brian A King
Tobacco use is the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States; nearly all tobacco use begins during youth and young adulthood (1,2). Among youths, use of tobacco products in any form is unsafe (1,3). CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) analyzed data from the 2011-2016 National Youth Tobacco Surveys (NYTS) to determine recent patterns of current (past 30-day) use of seven tobacco product types among U.S. middle (grades 6-8) and high (grades 9-12) school students. In 2016, 20...
June 16, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617665/prevalence-and-correlates-of-sleep-apnea-among-us-male-veterans-2005-2014
#7
Maylen Jackson, Benjamin J Becerra, Connie Marmolejo, Robert M Avina, Nicole Henley, Monideepa B Becerra
The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of and factors associated with sleep apnea among US male veterans. We used data from the 2005-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health to conduct survey-weighted descriptive, bivariate, and regression analyses. The prevalence of sleep apnea increased from 3.7% to 8.1% (P for trend <.001 for adjusted model) from 2005 through 2014. Increasing severity of psychological distress and unmet mental health care need were associated with increased odds of sleep apnea, as was a diagnosis of asthma...
June 15, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616097/updated-report-on-tools-to-measure-outcomes-of-clinical-trials-in-fragile-x-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Dejan B Budimirovic, Elizabeth Berry-Kravis, Craig A Erickson, Scott S Hall, David Hessl, Allan L Reiss, Margaret K King, Leonard Abbeduto, Walter E Kaufmann
OBJECTIVE: Fragile X syndrome (FXS) has been the neurodevelopmental disorder with the most active translation of preclinical breakthroughs into clinical trials. This process has led to a critical assessment of outcome measures, which resulted in a comprehensive review published in 2013. Nevertheless, the disappointing outcome of several recent phase III drug trials in FXS, and parallel efforts at evaluating behavioral endpoints for trials in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), has emphasized the need for re-assessing outcome measures and revising recommendations for FXS...
2017: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615948/marijuana-use-recent-marijuana-initiation-and-progression-to-marijuana-use-disorder-among-young-male-and-female-adolescents-aged-12-14-living-in-us-households
#9
Valerie L Forman-Hoffman, Cristie Glasheen, Kathryn R Batts
Marijuana initiation during adolescence, and early adolescence in particular, is associated with adverse health consequences. Our study used 2005-2014 data from the annual, cross-sectional National Survey on Drug Use and Health to study the prevalence and correlates of marijuana initiation, use, and marijuana use disorder (MUD; abuse or dependence) among 12- to 14-year olds living in civilian US households (n = 84 954). Examined correlates included age, sex, race/ethnicity, poverty status, metropolitan status, year of survey, depression, tobacco use, alcohol use, and fighting at school...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608294/internalized-homophobia-and-drug-use-in-a-national-cohort-of-gay-and-bisexual-men-examining-depression-sexual-anxiety-and-gay-community-attachment-as-mediating-factors
#10
Raymond L Moody, Tyrel J Starks, Christian Grov, Jeffrey T Parsons
The minority stress process of internalized homophobia (IH) has been associated with a range of adverse health outcomes among gay and bisexual men (GBM). However, evidence is mixed regarding the effect of IH on drug use, suggesting the potential role of multiple mediated pathways. Researchers have linked depression, sexual anxiety, and gay community attachment with IH. Depression, sexual anxiety, and gay community attachment have also been linked with drug use and drug-related problems suggesting potential mediating roles...
June 12, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607541/residential-mobility-transience-depression-and-marijuana-use-initiation-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#11
REVIEW
Cristie Glasheen, Valerie L Forman-Hoffman, Jason Williams
Marijuana use initiation is associated with numerous health and behavioral consequences, particularly among young adolescents. Finding easily identifiable risk markers for marijuana initiation is an important step for targeting primary and secondary prevention efforts. This study used data from the 2010-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health to evaluate the association between residential mobility (no mobility, low mobility, high mobility [ie, transience]), and major depressive episode(s) (MDE) on marijuana initiation among adolescents (12-17) and young adults (18-20)...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604425/reductions-in-hiv-diagnoses-among-african-american-women-a-search-for-explanations
#12
Wade Ivy, Ndidi Nwangwu-Ike, Gabriela Paz-Bailey
BACKGROUND: African American women experienced a 46% reduction in the rate of HIV diagnoses from 56.0 in 2008, to 30.0 in 2014 (per 100,000). The reasons for this decrease are unknown; however, we hypothesize that improvements in socioeconomic status, health care access, and risk behaviors may have contributed to this reduction. METHODS: We analyzed data from 2006, 2010, and 2013 of the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance system. African American women living at or below poverty were surveyed from 19 United States cities using respondent-driven and venue-based sampling, and tested for HIV infection...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602581/substance-use-disorder-treatment-services-for-women-in-the-veterans-health-administration
#13
Christine Timko, Katherine J Hoggatt, Frances M Wu, Amanda Tjemsland, Michael Cucciare, Amy Rubin, Tracy L Simpson
PURPOSE: The present study used national Veterans Health Administration (VHA) facility-level data to examine the extent of women's specialty substance use disorder (SUD) treatment programming in the VHA. In addition, the study compared facilities with women's specialty SUD programming with facilities without to determine whether having this programming was associated with serving other special patient populations, treatment staffing, and breadth of service provision. METHODS: The study used data from the VHA Program Evaluation and Resource Center's Drug and Alcohol Program Survey, conducted in 2015 (100% response rate among VHA specialty SUD treatment programs)...
June 8, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601715/the-association-of-personal-importance-of-religion-and-religious-service-attendance-with-suicidal-ideation-by-age-group-in-the-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health
#14
Daisuke Nishi, Ryoko Susukida, Naoaki Kuroda, Holly C Wilcox
Religiosity has been shown to be inversely associated with suicidal ideation, but few studies have examined associations by age group. This study aimed to examine the association between religiosity with suicidal ideation by age group. This study used a large nationally representative sample of 260,816 study participants from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Religiosity was defined as self-reported importance of religious beliefs and frequency of religious service attendance. The association between religiosity and suicidal ideation was assessed by multivariable logistic regression analysis stratified by age group (18-25, 26-34, 35-49, 50-64, 65 or older)...
June 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601504/-changes-in-behaviors-and-indicators-of-mental-health-between-2006%C3%A2-and-2010%C3%A2-in-the-french-working-population
#15
L Malard, J-F Chastang, I Niedhammer
BACKGROUND: The 2008 economic crisis may have had an impact on mental health but the studies on this topic are sparse, in particular among the working population. However, mental health at work is a crucial issue involving substantial costs and consequences. The aim of the study was to assess changes in behaviors and indicators of mental health in the French working population between 2006 and 2010, and to explore the differential changes according to age, origin, occupation, activity sector, public/private sector, self-employed/employee status and work contract...
June 7, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600881/ready-willing-and-able-the-role-of-cannabis-use-opportunities-in-understanding-adolescent-cannabis-use
#16
Jasmina Burdzovic Andreas, Anne Line Bretteville-Jensen
AIMS: To examine adolescent cannabis use -- both at the national and individual level -- by deconstructing it into its necessary conditions of realistic use opportunities and willingness to use the drug given such opportunities. DESIGN: Nationally-representative, repeated cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Norway. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 8,818 16-year olds who participated in the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD) in 2007, 2011, and 2015...
June 10, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600874/loose-regulation-of-medical-marijuana-programs-associated-with-higher-rates-of-adult-marijuana-use-but-not-cannabis-use-disorder
#17
Arthur Robin Williams, Julian Santaella-Tenorio, Christine M Mauro, Frances R Levin, Silvia S Martins
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Most U.S. states have passed medical marijuana laws (MMLs), with great variation in program regulation impacting enrollment rates. We aimed to compare changes in rates of marijuana use, heavy use, and Cannabis Use Disorder across age groups while accounting for whether states enacted medicalized (highly regulated) or non-medical MML programs. DESIGN: Difference-in-differences estimates with time-varying state-level MML coded by program type (medicalized v...
June 10, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599214/prevalence-and-correlates-of-treatment-utilization-among-adults-with-cannabis-use-disorder-in-the-united-states
#18
Li-Tzy Wu, He Zhu, Paolo Mannelli, Marvin S Swartz
BACKGROUND: The increase in cannabis potency may have treatment implications for cannabis use disorder (CUD). Given the reported increase in prevalence of cannabis use among adults, there is a need to understand substance use treatment needs for CUD. METHODS: We examined demographics and behavioral health indicators of adults aged ≥18 years that met criteria for past-year CUD (n=10,943) in the 2005-2013 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health. We determined prevalence and correlates of past-year treatment use for alcohol/drug, any drug, and cannabis use related problems, to inform treatment efforts for CUD...
May 29, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599211/marijuana-and-tobacco-co-use-among-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-us-pregnant-and-non-pregnant-women-2005-2014-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health-findings
#19
Victoria H Coleman-Cowger, Gillian L Schauer, Erica N Peters
BACKGROUND: Marijuana and tobacco are the most commonly used illicit and licit drugs during pregnancy. This study aimed to examine a nationally representative sample of US pregnant women and to: (1) determine the prevalence of past month marijuana and tobacco co-use, (2) identify characteristics that distinguish marijuana and tobacco co-users from users of marijuana only, tobacco only, or neither, and (3) compare characteristics that differ between pregnant and non-pregnant co-users of marijuana and tobacco...
May 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597232/factors-associated-to-medication-consumption-among-the-immigrant-population-residing-in-spain
#20
Díaz-Rodríguez Dania Rocío, Hernández-Barrera Valentín, Jiménez-Trujillo Isabel, Carrasco-Garrido Pilar
We aimed to determine the prevalence of medication use by the immigrant population residing in Spain, and to identify the factors associated with this consumption. Descriptive cross-sectional study was performed using secondary data retrieved from the 2012 Spanish National Health Survey (SNHS). Using logistic multivariate regression analysis, three models were generated: one for immigrants from high income countries (HIC), another for immigrants from low income countries (LIC), and a third one for the native population...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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