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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145698/illicit-drug-use-illicit-drug-use-disorders-and-drug-overdose-deaths-in-metropolitan-and-nonmetropolitan-areas-united-states
#1
EDITORIAL
Karin A Mack, Christopher M Jones, Michael F Ballesteros
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Drug overdoses are a leading cause of injury death in the United States, resulting in approximately 52,000 deaths in 2015. Understanding differences in illicit drug use, illicit drug use disorders, and overall drug overdose deaths in metropolitan and nonmetropolitan areas is important for informing public health programs, interventions, and policies. REPORTING PERIOD: Illicit drug use and drug use disorders during 2003-2014, and drug overdose deaths during 1999-2015...
December 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141328/-association-between-smoking-smoking-cessation-and-glycemic-control-in-male-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#2
J Su, Y Qin, C Shen, Y Gao, E C Pan, X Q Pan, R Tao, Y Q Zhang, M Wu
Objective: To explore the association of smoking and smoking cessation with glycemic control in male patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: From December 2013 to January 2014, a total of 7 763 male patients with type 2 diabetes, who received national basic public health service in Changshu county of Suzhou city, Huai'an and Qinghe districts of Huai'an city, Jiangsu province, were recruited by cluster sampling. Questionnaire survey and anthropometric measurements were conducted, and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels were measured...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134767/availability-and-approval-of-cannabis-based-medicines-for-chronic-pain-management-and-palliative-supportive-care-in-europe-a-survey-of-the-status-in-the-chapters-of-the-european-pain-federation
#3
N Krcevski-Skvarc, C Wells, W Häuser
BACKGROUND: There is considerable public and political interest in the use of cannabis products for medical purposes. METHODS: The task force of the European Pain Federation (EFIC) conducted a survey with its national chapters representatives on the status of approval of all types of cannabis-based medicines, the covering of costs and the availability of a position paper of a national medical association on the use of medical cannabis for chronic pain and for symptom control in palliative/supportive care...
November 13, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131068/maternal-cannabinoid-use-alters-cannabinoid-cb1-and-endothelin-etb-receptor-expression-in-the-brains-of-dams-but-not-their-offspring
#4
Aarti Amlani, Mary G Hornick, Kevin Cooper, Preetha Prazad, Ramona Donovan, Anil Gulati
According to the 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, cannabis (marijuana) is the most commonly used recreational drug in the US. Among pregnant women aged 14-55 years, 3.4% were cannabis users. Presently, little is known about the neurodevelopmental effect of cannabis use during pregnancy and/or nursing on neonates. Endothelin (ET) is essential for normal development of the central nervous system (CNS). Decreases in ETB receptor expression correlate with a decline in nerve growth factor (NGF) and an increase in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in postnatal brain...
November 4, 2017: Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121001/tobacco-product-use-among-adults-united-states-2015
#5
Elyse Phillips, Teresa W Wang, Corinne G Husten, Catherine G Corey, Benjamin J Apelberg, Ahmed Jamal, David M Homa, Brian A King
Tobacco use remains the leading cause of preventable disease and death in the United States (1). Despite declining cigarette smoking prevalence among U.S. adults, shifts in the tobacco product landscape have occurred in recent years (2,3). Previous estimates of tobacco product use among U.S. adults were obtained from the National Adult Tobacco Survey, which ended after the 2013-2014 cycle. This year, CDC and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) assessed the most recent national estimates of tobacco product use among adults aged ≥18 years using, for the first time, data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), an annual, nationally representative, in-person survey of the noninstitutionalized U...
November 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117352/using-patient-pathway-analysis-to-design-patient-centered-referral-networks-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-tuberculosis-the-case-of-the-philippines
#6
Celine Garfin, Mariquita Mantala, Rajendra Yadav, Christy L Hanson, Mike Osberg, Aaron Hymoff, Julia Makayova
Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is the 8th leading cause of death in the Philippines. A recent prevalence survey found that there were nearly 70% more cases of tuberculosis than previously estimated. Given these new data, the National TB Program (NTP), operating through a decentralized health system, identified about 58% of the estimated new drug-sensitive (DS) TB patients in 2016. However, the NTP only identified and commenced treatment for around 17% of estimated new drug-resistant patients...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116987/a-substance-use-cost-calculator-for-us-employers-with-an-emphasis-on-prescription-pain-medication-misuse
#7
Eric Goplerud, Sarah Hodge, Tess Benham
OBJECTIVE: Substance use disorders are among the most common and costly health conditions affecting Americans. Despite estimates of national costs exceeding $400 billion annually, individual companies may not see how substance use impacts their bottom lines through lost productivity and absenteeism, turnover, health care expenses, disability, and workers' compensation. METHODS: Data on employed adults (18 years and older) from 3 years (2012 to 2014) of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health Public Use Data Files were analyzed...
November 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107787/marijuana-use-during-pregnancy-a-comparison-of-trends-and-correlates-among-married-and-unmarried-pregnant-women
#8
Sehun Oh, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Michael G Vaughn, Diana M DiNitto
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: While recent evidence indicates increases in marijuana use among adult women in the United States (US), important questions remain with respect to marijuana use during pregnancy. This study examines trends and correlates of prenatal marijuana use and the effects of marijuana-specific risk/protective factors on marijuana use trends using a nationally representative sample. METHOD: Data were derived from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2005-2014), a nationally representative survey that included 3640 married and 3987 unmarried pregnant women in the United States...
November 2, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103076/impact-of-medical-marijuana-laws-on-state-level-marijuana-use-by-age-and-gender-2004-2013
#9
Christine M Mauro, Paul Newswanger, Julian Santaella-Tenorio, Pia M Mauro, Hannah Carliner, Silvia S Martins
In states that have passed medical marijuana laws (MMLs), marijuana use (MU) increased after MML enactment among people ages 26 and older, but not among ages 12-25. We examined whether the age-specific impact of MMLs on MU varied by gender. Data were obtained from the 2004-2013 restricted-use National Survey on Drug Use and Health, aggregated at the state level. The exposure was a time-varying indicator of state-level MML (0 = No Law, 1 = Before Law, 2 = After Law). Outcomes included past-month MU prevalence, daily MU prevalence among past-year users (i...
November 4, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082025/prevalence-of-substandard-and-falsified-artemisinin-based-combination-antimalarial-medicines-on-bioko-island-equatorial-guinea
#10
Harparkash Kaur, Elizabeth Louise Allan, Ibrahim Mamadu, Zoe Hall, Michael D Green, Isabel Swamidos, Prabha Dwivedi, Maria Julia Culzoni, Facundo M Fernandez, Guillermo Garcia, Dianna Hergott, Feliciano Monti
INTRODUCTION: Poor-quality artemisinin-containing antimalarials (ACAs), including falsified and substandard formulations, pose serious health concerns in malaria endemic countries. They can harm patients, contribute to the rise in drug resistance and increase the public's mistrust of health systems. Systematic assessment of drug quality is needed to gain knowledge on the prevalence of the problem, to provide Ministries of Health with evidence on which local regulators can take action...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070499/identifying-and-characterizing-preventable-adverse-drug-events-for-prioritizing-pharmacist-intervention-in-hospitals
#11
Nakyung Jeon, Ben Staley, Thomas Johns, Glori Pflugfelder Lipori, Babette Brumback, Richard Segal, Almut G Winterstein
PURPOSE: The approach and results for identifying and characterizing preventable adverse drug events (pADEs) that are key targets for pharmacist medication therapy management (MTM) are summarized. METHODS: This study was part of a larger effort aimed at developing an electronic health record-based prediction model (the complexity score, or C-score) that ranks hospitalized patients according to their risk for pADEs. An environmental scan of published epidemiologic pADE studies and national patient safety priority areas was conducted...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070052/adherence-to-iron-supplements-among-women-receiving-antenatal-care-at-mulago-national-referral-hospital-uganda-cross-sectional-study
#12
Tusuubira S Kiwanuka, Sam Ononge, Paul Kiondo, Fatuma Namusoke
BACKGROUND: Antenatal iron supplementation is a cost effective way of reducing iron deficiency anaemia among pregnant women in resource limited countries like Uganda. Poor adherence to iron supplements has limited its effectiveness in reducing maternal anaemia as evidenced by the high burden of iron deficiency anemia in Sub-saharan Africa. The aim of this study was to determine the level of and factors associated with adherence to iron supplementation among women attending antenatal clinic at Mulago National Referral Hospital, Kampala, Uganda...
October 25, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065935/declines-in-prevalence-of-adolescent-substance-use-disorders-and-delinquent-behaviors-in-the-usa-a-unitary-trend
#13
R A Grucza, R F Krueger, Arpana Agrawal, A D Plunk, M J Krauss, J Bongu, P A Cavazos-Rehg, L J Bierut
BACKGROUND: Downward trends in a number of adolescent risk behaviors including violence, crime, and drug use have been observed in the USA in recent years. It is unknown whether these are separate trends or whether they might relate to a general reduction in propensity to engage in such behaviors. Our objectives were to quantify trends in substance use disorders (SUDs) and delinquent behaviors over the 2003-2014 period and to determine whether they might reflect a single trend in an Externalizing-like trait...
October 25, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065391/rural-and-urban-comparisons-of-polysubstance-use-profiles-and-associated-injection-behaviors-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-puerto-rico
#14
Dane Hautala, Roberto Abadie, Bilal Khan, Kirk Dombrowski
INTRODUCTION: In contrast to urban populations, little is known about polysubstance use among rural people who inject drugs (PWID), particularly in Puerto Rico where injection drug use and related health consequences are prevalent. The aim of the study is to compare injection and non-injection substance use profiles among separate urban and rural samples of Puerto Rican PWID. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data for the urban sample come from 455 PWID who participated in the CDC's National HIV Behavioral Surveillance survey of injection drug use in San Juan...
December 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065310/gender-differences-in-the-trends-and-correlates-of-major-depressive-episodes-among-juvenile-offenders-in-the-united-states
#15
Katherine J Holzer, Sehun Oh, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Michael G Vaughn, Jacqueline Landess
PURPOSE: Although it is well-established that juvenile offenders are at an elevated risk for depression and that, within this group, females have the highest risk, little is known regarding the trends in the prevalence of depression among juvenile offenders in the United States. In the present study, we systematically examine secular trends in major depressive episodes (MDE) and their correlates among male and female juvenile offenders and non-offenders in the United States. METHODS: Data were collected between 2005 and 2014 as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH)...
September 12, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063523/evaluation-of-existing-and-desired-antimicrobial-stewardship-activities-and-strategies-in-swiss-hospitals
#16
M Osthoff, Julia Belicki, Andreas F-X Widmer, For Swissnoso
Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) is an important component in the fight against antimicrobial resistance. Currently, few hospitals have an ongoing institutional AMS programme. Swissnoso - the national centre for infection prevention - has launched a national Swiss AMS initiative supported by the office of public health. To guide AMS priorities and resources, current AMS activities in Switzerland were assessed. We distributed an internet-based questionnaire directed mainly to board-certified infectious diseases specialists and, if not available, senior internal medicine staff...
October 24, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059364/u-s-adult-interest-in-less-harmful-and-less-addictive-hypothetical-modified-risk-tobacco-products
#17
Erin Keely O'Brien, Alexander Persoskie, Mark Parascandola, Allison C Hoffman
Introduction: Tobacco companies have a history of making health claims about their new products. Such claims are now regulated by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. We examined consumer interest in hypothetical modified risk tobacco products (MRTPs) among current, former and never established smokers, and examined whether interest was associated with beliefs about tobacco and cancer. Methods: Data were analyzed from the U.S. nationally representative 2015 Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS-FDA 2015; N = 3,738)...
September 28, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057382/ethnic-variations-in-sexual-behaviours-and-sexual-health-markers-findings-from-the-third-british-national-survey-of-sexual-attitudes-and-lifestyles-natsal-3
#18
Sonali Wayal, Gwenda Hughes, Pam Sonnenberg, Hamish Mohammed, Andrew J Copas, Makeda Gerressu, Clare Tanton, Martina Furegato, Catherine H Mercer
BACKGROUND: Sexual health entails the absence of disease and the ability to lead a pleasurable and safe sex life. In Britain, ethnic inequalities in diagnoses of sexually transmitted infections (STI) persist; however, the reasons for these inequalities, and ethnic variations in other markers of sexual health, remain poorly understood. We investigated ethnic differences in hypothesised explanatory factors such as socioeconomic factors, substance use, depression, and sexual behaviours, and whether they explained ethnic variations in sexual health markers (reported STI diagnoses, attendance at sexual health clinics, use of emergency contraception, and sexual function)...
October 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054789/cost-effectiveness-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-uk-a-modelling-study-and-health-economic-evaluation
#19
Valentina Cambiano, Alec Miners, David Dunn, Sheena McCormack, Koh Jun Ong, O Noel Gill, Anthony Nardone, Monica Desai, Nigel Field, Graham Hart, Valerie Delpech, Gus Cairns, Alison Rodger, Andrew N Phillips
BACKGROUND: In the UK, HIV incidence among men who have sex with men (MSM) has remained high for several years, despite widespread use of antiretroviral therapy and high rates of virological suppression. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has been shown to be highly effective in preventing further infections in MSM, but its cost-effectiveness is uncertain. METHODS: In this modelling study and economic evaluation, we calibrated a dynamic, individual-based stochastic model, the HIV Synthesis Model, to multiple data sources (surveillance data provided by Public Health England and data from a large, nationally representative survey, Natsal-3) on HIV among MSM in the UK...
October 17, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053377/substance-use-among-bi-multiracial-youth-in-the-united-states-profiles-of-psychosocial-risk-and-protection
#20
Trenette Clark Goings, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Matthew O Howard, Michael G Vaughn
BACKGROUND: Bi/multiracial youth face higher risk of engaging in substance use than most monoracial youth. OBJECTIVES: This study contrasts the prevalence of substance use among bi/multiracial youth with that of youth from other racial/ethnic groups, and identifies distinct profiles of bi/multiracial youth by examining their substance use risk. METHODS: Using data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (collected between 2002 and 2014), we analyze data for 9,339 bi/multiracial youth ages 12-17 living in the United States...
October 20, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
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