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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427334/the-impact-of-the-mode-of-survey-administration-on-estimates-of-daily-smoking-for-mobile-phone-only-users
#1
Joseph Hanna, Damien V Cordery, David G Steel, Walter Davis, Timothy C Harrold
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, there have been substantial changes in landline and mobile phone ownership, with a substantial increase in the proportion of mobile-only households. Estimates of daily smoking rates for the mobile phone only (MPO) population have been found to be substantially higher than the rest of the population and telephone surveys that use a dual sampling frame (landline and mobile phones) are now considered best practice. Smoking is seen as an undesirable behaviour; measuring such behaviours using an interviewer may lead to lower estimates when using telephone based surveys compared to self-administered approaches...
April 20, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426317/trends-in-fighting-and-violence-among-adolescents-in-the-united-states-evidence-from-the-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health-2002-2014
#2
Christopher P Salas-Wright, Erik J Nelson, Michael G Vaughn, Jennifer M Reingle Gonzalez, David Córdova
OBJECTIVES: To examine trends in and correlates of fighting and violence among youths from the 3 largest racial/ethnic groups in the United States. METHODS: We derived race/ethnicity-specific prevalence estimates for fighting, group fighting, and attacks with intent to harm from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, a population-based study of youths aged 12 to 17 years. RESULTS: The prevalence of youth fighting and violence decreased significantly in all racial/ethnic groups over the study period (2002-2014), dropping from a high of 33...
April 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423479/does-a-crossover-age-effect-exist-for-african-american-and-hispanic-binge-drinkers-findings-from-the-2010-to-2013-national-study-on-drug-use-and-health
#3
Tamika C B Zapolski, Patrick Baldwin, Devin E Banks, Timothy E Stump
BACKGROUND: Among general population studies, lower rates of binge drinking tend to be found among African Americans and Hispanics compared to Whites. However, among older adult populations, minority groups have been shown to be at higher risk for binge drinking, suggesting the presence of a crossover effect from low to high risk as a function of age. To date, limited research has examined the crossover effect among African American and Hispanic populations compared to non-Hispanic Whites across large developmental time frames or explored variation in risk based on income or gender...
April 19, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412995/development-and-validation-of-prediction-models-for-risks-of-complications-in-early-onset-pre-eclampsia-prep-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Shakila Thangaratinam, John Allotey, Nadine Marlin, Ben W Mol, Peter Von Dadelszen, Wessel Ganzevoort, Joost Akkermans, Asif Ahmed, Jane Daniels, Jon Deeks, Khaled Ismail, Ann Marie Barnard, Julie Dodds, Sally Kerry, Carl Moons, Richard D Riley, Khalid S Khan
BACKGROUND: The prognosis of early-onset pre-eclampsia (before 34 weeks' gestation) is variable. Accurate prediction of complications is required to plan appropriate management in high-risk women. OBJECTIVE: To develop and validate prediction models for outcomes in early-onset pre-eclampsia. DESIGN: Prospective cohort for model development, with validation in two external data sets. SETTING: Model development: 53 obstetric units in the UK...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408072/nonmedical-use-of-prescription-opioids-among-pregnant-u-s-women
#5
Katy B Kozhimannil, Amy J Graves, Robert Levy, Stephen W Patrick
OBJECTIVES: Nonmedical use of opioids during pregnancy is associated with adverse outcomes for women and infants, making it a prominent target for prevention and identification. Using a nationally representative sample, we determined characteristics of U.S. pregnant women who reported prescription opioid misuse in the past year or during the past month. METHODS: We used data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2005-2014) in a retrospective analysis...
March 31, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406268/self-reported-reasons-for-not-receiving-mental-health-treatment-in-adults-with-serious-suicidal-thoughts
#6
S Janet Kuramoto-Crawford, Beth Han, Richard T McKeon
OBJECTIVE: This study examined self-reported reasons for not receiving mental health treatment among adults with past-year serious suicidal thoughts and their sociodemographic characteristics associated with these reasons. METHODS: Using the 2008-2013 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health, we examined 8,400 respondents aged 18 years or older who had past-year serious thoughts of suicide and did not receive mental health treatment that year. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to estimate the associations between sociodemographic characteristics and self-reported reasons for not receiving mental health treatment among these suicidal adults...
April 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403468/serious-psychological-distress-and-smoking-during-pregnancy-in-the-united-states-2008-2014
#7
Renee D Goodwin, Keely Cheslack-Postava, Deborah B Nelson, Philip H Smith, Deborah S Hasin, Teresa Janevic, Nina Bakoyiannis, Melanie M Wall
Introduction: The current study examined the relationship between acute (past 30 day) and recent (past year but not past 30 day) serious psychological distress (SPD) and smoking during pregnancy among women in the United States overall, stratified by demographic characteristics, and described the change in the prevalence of prenatal smoking among women with and without SPD, from 2008 to 2014. Methods: Data were drawn from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), an annual cross-sectional study of US persons aged 12 and over...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403461/toward-enhancing-treatment-for-pregnant-smokers-laying-the-groundwork-for-the-use-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-approaches
#8
Amy M Loree, Steven J Ondersma, Emily R Grekin
Introduction: Although effective treatments exist, most women who smoke during pregnancy neither seek nor receive treatment. Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatments (eg, mindfulness, yoga, and acupuncture) may be attractive, low-cost options that can be used to assist a large proportion of pregnant women with smoking cessation. Methods: This study examined participant characteristics and treatment utilization among pregnant smokers in the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) and the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) in order to explore the prevalence and predictors of CAM use for any purpose within this population...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381234/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-illicit-drug-use-among-university-students-in-the-association-of-southeast-asian-nations-asean
#9
Siyan Yi, Karl Peltzer, Supa Pengpid, Indri Hapsari Susilowati
BACKGROUND: Illicit drug use among university students has been recognized as a global public health issue in recent years. It may lead to poor academic performance that in turn leads to poor productivity in their later life. This study explores prevalence of and factors associated with illicit drug use among university students in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). METHODS: This multi-country cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 in Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam...
April 6, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373796/prevalence-and-socio-demographic-determinants-of-tobacco-alcohol-substance-use-and-drug-misuse-in-general-population-in-turkey
#10
Mustafa Necmi Ilhan, Zehra Arikan, Zeynep Kotan, Tolga Tunçoğlu, Mustafa Pinarci, Ahmet Taşdemir, Bülent Ay, Nadir Koçak
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the current study is to determine prevalence ratios of tobacco, alcohol, substance use and drug misuse in a large scale sample of general population and recognize related socio-demographic factors. METHODS: The study was based on a cross-sectional survey conducted with a nationally representative sample of 8045 individuals with face-to-face, in-house interviews implemented by a trained team of interviewers. RESULTS: Life-time prevalences of tobacco, alcohol, substance use and drug misuse are 51...
September 2016: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371828/physical-and-mental-health-disparities-for-young-women-with-arrest-histories
#11
Gina Fedock, Sophia Sarantakos
Young women ages 18 to 25 make up approximately 30 percent of women arrested in the United States. Although health disparities have been found for incarcerated adults, health concerns for this subpopulation of women have not been as closely examined. Aiming to fill this gap in the literature, this study examined national data for young women ages 18 to 25 who participated in the National Survey of Drug Use and Health. Physical and mental health concerns were compared for young women with and without arrest histories...
March 28, 2017: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370922/identification-and-content-validation-of-wound-therapy-clinical-endpoints-relevant-to-clinical-practice-and-patient-values-for-fda-approval-part-1-survey-of-the-wound-care-community
#12
Vickie R Driver, Lisa J Gould, Peggy Dotson, Gary W Gibbons, William W Li, William J Ennis, Robert S Kirsner, William H Eaglstein, Laura L Bolton, Marissa J Carter
Wounds that exhibit delayed healing add extraordinary clinical, economic, and personal burdens to patients, as well as to increasing financial costs to health systems. New interventions designed to ease such burdens for patients with cancer, renal, or ophthalmologic conditions are often cleared for approval by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) using multiple endpoints but the requirement of complete healing as a primary endpoint for wound products impedes FDA clearance of interventions that can provide other clinical or patient-centered benefits for persons with wounds...
April 3, 2017: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370701/prevalence-of-substance-misuse-among-us-veterans-in-the-general-population
#13
Katherine J Hoggatt, Keren Lehavot, Marketa Krenek, Catherine Amanda Schweizer, Tracy Simpson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Epidemiologic data on substance misuse prevalence among US Veterans are crucial to plan for Veterans' future healthcare needs. We estimated US Veterans' age-specific, overall, and age-adjusted prevalence of substance misuse, assessed whether prevalence differed between Veterans and civilians, and examined temporal trends in prevalence. METHODS: Substance-related measures were obtained from the National Surveys on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2012 (N = 24,210 Veterans; 338,556 civilians)...
March 29, 2017: American Journal on Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369129/reaching-endpoints-for-lymphatic-filariasis-elimination-results-from-mass-drug-administration-and-nocturnal-blood-surveys-south-gujarat-india
#14
Anjali Modi, Sukesha Gamit, Bharat S Jesalpura, George Kurien, Jayendra K Kosambiya
BACKGROUND: Following the World Health Assembly resolution on Elimination of lymphatic filariasis (ELF) as a public health problem by the year 2020, a Global Program (GPELF) was launched in 1997 to help endemic countries to initiate national programs. The current strategy to interrupt transmission of LF, is administration of once-yearly, single-dose, two-drug regimen (Albendazole with Diethylcarbamazine (DEC) to be used in endemic areas with the goal of reaching 65% epidemiological coverage for 4-6 years...
April 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366113/characteristics-of-individuals-with-behavioral-health-conditions-who-remain-uninsured-after-full-implementation-of-the-aca
#15
Mir M Ali, Judith L Teich, Ryan Mutter
OBJECTIVE: Since full implementation of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2014, the number of uninsured individuals in the United States has declined considerably; however, millions still lack health insurance. Although 29% of the remaining uninsured population (8.5 million individuals) have a mental or substance use disorder, little is known about this population. METHODS: This study used data from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health to describe demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, and use of behavioral health services among adults (ages 18-64) with a behavioral disorder who remained uninsured (unweighted N=2,300; weighted N of approximately 8...
April 3, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364579/frequency-of-prescription-opioid-misuse-and-suicidal-ideation-planning-and-attempts
#16
Lisham Ashrafioun, Todd M Bishop, Kenneth R Conner, Wilfred R Pigeon
The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between past-year frequency of prescription opioid misuse and past-year suicidal ideation, suicide planning, and suicide attempts. Secondary data analyses were conducted using data from 41,053 participants of the 2014 National Survey of Drug Use and Health. Past-year frequency of prescription opioid misuse was grouped into 4 categories: none, less than monthly (1-11 times), monthly to weekly (12-51 times), and weekly or more (52 times or more). Binomial logistic regression analyses adjusted for demographics, overall health rating, depression, anxiety, and substance use disorders to test the associations between frequency of prescription opioid misuse and suicide-related variables...
March 19, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364577/the-role-of-city-income-inequality-sex-ratio-and-youth-mortality-rates-in-the-effect-of-violent-victimization-on-health-risk-behaviors-in-brazilian-adolescents
#17
Dandara de Oliveira Ramos, Martin Daly, Maria Lucia Seidl-de-Moura, Paulo Nadanovsky
This study integrates insights from evolutionary psychology and social epidemiology to present a novel approach to contextual effects on health-risk behaviors (unprotected sex, drunkenness episodes, drugs and tobacco experimentation) among adolescents. Using data from the 2012 Brazilian National Survey of Adolescent Health (PeNSE), we first analyzed the effects of self-reported violent victimization on health-risk behaviors of 47,371 adolescents aged 10-19 nested in the 26 Brazilian state capitals and the Federal District...
March 27, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350746/perceived-stress-as-a-risk-factor-for-dyspepsia-a-register-based-cohort-study
#18
Ulrik Deding, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Henrik Bøggild
OBJECTIVE: Dyspepsia is a common condition and has a huge impact on quality of life and working capacity, but its causes are not well understood. An association between stress and dyspepsia has been debated for decades, but the issue has not been resolved. We examined the 3-year risk of redeeming a proton-pump inhibitor or an H2-receptor antagonist as a proxy of dyspepsia according to the level of perceived stress. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Perceived stress was measured in a general health survey of 16 124 Danes aged older than 16 years of age in 2010 using Cohen's Perceived Stress Scale...
May 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345152/the-impact-of-seizures-on-epilepsy-outcomes-a-national-community-based-survey
#19
Colin B Josephson, Scott B Patten, Andrew Bulloch, Jeanne V A Williams, Dina Lavorato, Kirsten M Fiest, Mary Secco, Nathalie Jette
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of seizures on persons living with epilepsy in a national, community-based setting. METHODS: The data source was the Survey of Living with Neurological Conditions in Canada (SLNCC), a cohort derived from a national population-based survey of noninstitutionalized persons aged 15 or more years. Participants had to be on a seizure drug or to have had a seizure in the past 5 years to meet the definition of active epilepsy...
March 27, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340545/a-comparison-of-the-use-of-antidepressant-treatment-between-non-hispanic-black-and-white-and-mexican-american-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-in-the-united-states
#20
Alexandra Perez, Pierina Cabrera, Carolina Gutierrez, Jose Valdes
Purpose The purpose of this study was to determine antidepressant use among Mexican Americans (MA) and non-Hispanic (NH) blacks and whites with type 2 diabetes and depressive symptoms. Methods A secondary data analysis based on National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2012 cohort data included 560 noninstitutionalized civilian MA, NH black, and NH white adults with type 2 diabetes and depressive symptoms. Unadjusted and adjusted 2-way ANOVA models evaluated whether there was a difference in the use of antidepressants by depressive symptom level across race/ethnic group...
April 2017: Diabetes Educator
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