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national survey drug use and health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211594/substance-dependence-among-those-without-symptoms-of-substance-abuse-in-the-world-mental-health-survey
#1
Luise Lago, Meyer D Glantz, Ronald C Kessler, Nancy A Sampson, Ali Al-Hamzawi, Silvia Florescu, Jacek Moskalewicz, Sam Murphy, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Yolanda Torres de Galvis, Maria Carmen Viana, Miguel Xavier, Louisa Degenhardt
The World Health Organization (WHO) World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative uses the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). The first 13 surveys only assessed substance dependence among respondents with a history of substance abuse; later surveys also assessed substance dependence without symptoms of abuse. We compared results across the two sets of surveys to assess implications of the revised logic and develop an imputation model for missing values of lifetime dependence in the earlier surveys...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209289/depression-among-current-former-and-never-smokers-from-2005-to-2013-the-hidden-role-of-disparities-in-depression-in-the-ongoing-tobacco-epidemic
#2
Renee D Goodwin, Melanie M Wall, Lorra Garey, Michael J Zvolensky, Lisa Dierker, Sandro Galea, Misato Gbedemah, Andrea H Weinberger, Jill M Williams, Mei-Chen Hu, Deborah S Hasin
BACKGROUND: After declining sharply for many years, the prevalence of smoking has remained fairly stable over the past decade. One possible explanation is that there has been an increase in the prevalence of barriers to cessation, like depression, among remaining smokers. OBJECTIVES: To estimate changes in the prevalence of depression among current, former and never smokers in the United States (U.S.) population from 2005 to 2013 overall and by age, gender, and income...
January 11, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207744/utilization-of-smoking-cessation-medication-benefits-among-medicaid-fee-for-service-enrollees-1999-2008
#3
Jennifer Kahende, Ann Malarcher, Lucinda England, Lei Zhang, Paul Mowery, Xin Xu, Varadan Sevilimedu, Italia Rolle
OBJECTIVE: To assess state coverage and utilization of Medicaid smoking cessation medication benefits among fee-for-service enrollees who smoked cigarettes. METHODS: We used the linked National Health Interview Survey (survey years 1995, 1997-2005) and the Medicaid Analytic eXtract files (1999-2008) to assess utilization of smoking cessation medication benefits among 5,982 cigarette smokers aged 18-64 years enrolled in Medicaid fee-for-service whose state Medicaid insurance covered at least one cessation medication...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196428/the-association-of-psychedelic-use-and-opioid-use-disorders-among-illicit-users-in-the-united-states
#4
Vincent D Pisano, Nathaniel P Putnam, Hannah M Kramer, Kevin J Franciotti, John H Halpern, Selma C Holden
BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies show psychedelic compounds administered with psychotherapy are potentially effective and durable substance misuse interventions. However, little is known about the association between psychedelic use and substance misuse in the general population. This study investigated the association between psychedelic use and past year opioid use disorders within illicit opioid users. METHODS: While controlling for socio-demographic covariates and the use of other substances, the relationship between classic psychedelic use and past year opioid use disorders was analyzed within 44,000 illicit opioid users who completed the National Survey on Drug Use and Health from 2008 to 2013...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194586/veterans-living-with-hiv-a-high-risk-group-for-cigarette-smoking
#5
Sarah M Wilson, Lauren R Pacek, Paul A Dennis, Lori A Bastian, Jean C Beckham, Patrick S Calhoun
The Veterans Health Administration is the largest U.S. medical provider for persons living with HIV (PLHIV). Although HIV and veteran status are known risk factors for smoking, there are no population estimates of smoking prevalence among veteran PLHIV. Using data from a national random sample (National Survey on Drug Use and Health; 2005-2014), smoking prevalence was estimated by self-reported veteran and HIV status (N = 376,620). Results indicated 42% of veteran PLHIV smoked daily, compared to 18% of veterans without HIV and 30% of non-veteran PLHIV...
February 13, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186927/patterns-of-health-related-behaviours-among-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-the-national-survey-of-school-health-brazil-2012
#6
Catarina Machado Azeredo, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Maria Fernanda Tourinho Peres, Paulo Rossi Menezes, Ricardo Araya
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyse the clustering of multiple health-related behaviours among adolescents and describe which socio-demographic characteristics are associated with these patterns. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Brazilian schools assessed by the National Survey of School Health (PeNSE, 2012). PARTICIPANTS: 104 109 Brazilian ninth-grade students from public and private schools (response rate=82...
November 10, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168448/the-impact-of-health-insurance-expansion-on-physician-treatment-choice-medicare-part-d-and-physician-prescribing
#7
Tianyan Hu, Sandra L Decker, Shin-Yi Chou
We test the effect of the introduction of Medicare Part D on physician prescribing behavior by using data on physician visits from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS) 2002-2004 and 2006-2009 for patients aged 60-69. We use regression discontinuity designs to estimate the effect of part D around the age of 65 before and after 2006 and then compare the discrete jump in outcomes at age 65 before and after Part D. We find a 32% increase in the number of prescription drugs prescribed or continued per visit and a 46% increase in the number of generic drugs prescribed or continued for the elderly after the introduction of Medicare Part D...
February 6, 2017: Int J Health Econ Manag
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160582/the-use-of-topical-corticosteroides-in-the-treatment-of-oral-lichen-planus-in-spain-a-national-survey
#8
L Piñas, A García-García, M Pérez-Sayáns, R Suárez-Fernández, M-H Alkhraisat, E Anitua
BACKGROUND: Explore the treatment of oral lichen planus with topical corticosteroids by the healthcare professionals in Spain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire targeted health professionals who treat OLP, in particular maxillofacial surgeons, dermatologist and dentist. The dissemination of the questionnaires was conducted through professional associations and dental and medical societies. The questionnaire was previously evaluated by means of a cognitive pre-test procedure to ensure that the questions were opportune and appropriate, understandable and accep-table among the professionals...
February 4, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158994/impact-of-communities-health-and-emotional-related-factors-on-smoking-use-comparison-of-joint-modeling-of-mean-and-dispersion-and-bayes-hierarchical-models-on-add-health-survey
#9
Jie Pu, Di Fang, Jeffrey R Wilson
BACKGROUND: The analysis of correlated binary data is commonly addressed through the use of conditional models with random effects included in the systematic component as opposed to generalized estimating equations (GEE) models that addressed the random component. Since the joint distribution of the observations is usually unknown, the conditional distribution is a natural approach. Our objective was to compare the fit of different binary models for correlated data in Tabaco use. We advocate that the joint modeling of the mean and dispersion may be at times just as adequate...
February 3, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152635/self-poisoning-with-baclofen-in-alcohol-dependent-patients-national-reports-to-french-poison-control-centers-2008-2013
#10
Fanny Pelissier, Luc de Haro, Florence Cardona, Cyndie Picot, Emmanuel Puskarczyk, Jean-Marc Sapori, Christine Tournoud, Nicolas Franchitto
BACKGROUND: Alcohol use disorders are frequently associated with self-intoxication in attempted suicide. In France since 2008, the off-label use of baclofen for treatment of alcohol dependence has greatly increased, leading to temporary regulation of use of the drug. At the request of the national authorities, the French Poison Control Centers carried out a retrospective survey to give an overview of baclofen exposure in this population. METHODS: A retrospective study was carried out from January 2008 to December 2013, focusing on baclofen exposures in alcohol-dependent patients managed by the nine national French Poison Control Centers...
February 3, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152391/prescription-drug-monitoring-programs-nonmedical-use-of-prescription-drugs-and-heroin-use-evidence-from-the-national-survey-of-drug-use-and-health
#11
Mir M Ali, William N Dowd, Timothy Classen, Ryan Mutter, Scott P Novak
In the United States, nonmedical prescription opioid use is a major public health concern. Various policy initiatives have been undertaken to tackle this crisis, including state prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs). This study uses the 2004-2014 National Survey of Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) and exploits state-level variation in the timing of PDMP implementation and PDMP characteristics to investigate whether PDMPs are associated with a reduction in prescription opioid misuse or whether they have the unintended consequence of increasing heroin use...
January 6, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152244/depression-care-among-depressed-adults-with-and-without-comorbid-substance-use-disorders-in-the-united-states
#12
Beth Han, Mark Olfson, Ramin Mojtabai
OBJECTIVE: We compared the prevalence of receiving depression care between adults with past-year major depressive episodes (depressed) and substance use disorders (SUD) in the United States and their depressed counterparts without SUD. METHOD: Data were from 25,500 adults who participated in the 2008-2014 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health. Descriptive analyses and logistic regression models were applied. RESULTS: During 2008-2014, approximately 55...
February 2, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149684/epidemiological-research-on-parent-child-conflict-in-the-united-states-subgroup-variations-by-place-of-birth-and-ethnicity-2002-2013
#13
Jose Ruben Parra-Cardona, Hsueh-Han Yeh, James C Anthony
BACKGROUND: Chronically escalated parent-child conflict has been observed to elicit maladaptive behavior and reduced psychological well-being in children and youth. In this epidemiological study, we sought to estimate the occurrence of escalated parent-child conflict for United States (US) adolescent subgroups defined by (a) ethnic self-identification, and (b) nativity (US-born versus foreign-born). METHODS: US study populations of 12-to-17-year-olds were sampled, recruited, and assessed for the National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 2002-2013 (n = 111, 129)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145805/examination-of-veteran-fathers-parenting-and-their-adolescent-children-s-substance-use-in-the-united-states
#14
Rachel Lipari, Lori-Ann Palen, Olivia Silber Ashley, Michael Penne, Marni Kan, Michael Pemberton
BACKGROUND: Adolescent children of U.S. military veterans may be at increased risk for engaging in substance use; however, this has yet to be examined using nationally representative data. Parental involvement and communication are potential protective factors to target with prevention efforts, but veterans' parenting has not been studied in general, nonclinical populations. OBJECTIVES: This study presents data on parenting characteristics among fathers who are veterans of the U...
February 1, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143680/drug-abuse-staff-and-clients-smoking-together-a-shared-addiction
#15
Joseph Guydish, Thao Le, Barbara Campbell, Deborah Yip, Suzhe Ji, Kevin Delucchi
Smoking is endemic in drug abuse treatment populations, and smoking prevalence in this population appears unresponsive to existing tobacco control strategies. Clinical and policy guidelines encourage programs to address smoking among clients, and research has identified key barriers to doing so. This report explores the practice of staff and clients smoking together in drug treatment programs, and how this practice is associated with other tobacco-related measures. Clients (N=1113) were surveyed and program directors were interviewed in a national sample of 24 drug abuse treatment programs affiliated with the NIDA Clinical Trials Network...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141812/the-significant-scale-up-and-success-of-transmission-assessment-surveys-tas-for-endgame-surveillance-of-lymphatic-filariasis-in-bangladesh-one-step-closer-to-the-elimination-goal-of-2020
#16
A K M Shamsuzzaman, Rouseli Haq, Mohammad J Karim, Motasim B Azad, A S M Sultan Mahmood, Abul Khair, Muhammad Mujibur Rahman, Israt Hafiz, K D Ramaiah, Charles D Mackenzie, Hayley E Mableson, Louise A Kelly-Hope
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh had one of the highest burdens of lymphatic filariasis (LF) at the start of the Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (GPELF) with an estimated 70 million people at risk of infection across 34 districts. In total 19 districts required mass drug administration (MDA) to interrupt transmission, and 15 districts were considered low endemic. Since 2001, the National LF Programme has implemented MDA, reduced prevalence, and been able to scale up the WHO standard Transmission Assessment Survey (TAS) across all endemic districts as part of its endgame surveillance strategy...
January 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135825/il-10-gene-polymorphisms-and-self-medication-with-over-the-counter-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs
#17
Stephen J Walsh
BACKGROUND: Genetic influences on self-medication with over-the-counter (OTC) drugs merit investigation. For example, patients frequently use OTC nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) to treat inflammation, but the inflammatory response is also affected by endogenous cytokines whose production varies across polymorphisms of their encoding genes. In the case of interleukin 10 (IL-10), literature suggests that a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the promoter region of the cytokine's gene (-1082 A > G [rs1800896]) influences production with higher levels associated with G variant alleles...
January 1, 2017: Biological Research for Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132682/relation-of-higher-resting-heart-rate-to-risk-of-cardiovascular-versus-noncardiovascular-death
#18
Lubna Alhalabi, Matthew J Singleton, Abdullahi O Oseni, Amit J Shah, Zhu-Ming Zhang, Elsayed Z Soliman
Higher resting heart rate (RHR) is associated with increased risk of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, with some reports showing the magnitude of association with all-cause mortality being stronger than that with cardiovascular mortality. This suggests that RHR association with mortality may not be limited to cardiovascular death. We compared the association between RHR with cardiovascular and noncardiovascular mortality in 6,743 participants (mean age 58.7 years, 52% women, 48% non-Hispanic whites) from the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES-III) after excluding those on antiarrhythmic drugs or with missing data...
January 5, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131615/the-deterrent-effects-of-australian-street-level-drug-law-enforcement-on-illicit-drug-offending-at-outdoor-music-festivals
#19
Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes, Vivienne Moxham-Hall, Alison Ritter, Don Weatherburn, Robert MacCoun
BACKGROUND: Australian and international street-level drug law enforcement deploy many strategies in efforts to prevent or deter illicit drug offending. Limited evidence of deterrence exists. This study assessed the likely impacts of four Australian policing strategies on the incidence and nature of drug use and supply at a common policing target: outdoor music festivals. METHODS: A purpose-built national online survey (the Drug Policing Survey) was constructed using five hypothetical experimental vignettes that took into account four policing strategies (High Visibility Policing, Riot Policing, Collaborative Policing, and policing with Drug Detection Dogs) and a counter-factual (no police presence)...
January 25, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131482/usage-residue-and-human-health-risk-of-antibiotics-in-chinese-aquaculture-a-review
#20
Xiao Liu, Joshua Caleb Steele, Xiang-Zhou Meng
Aquaculture is a booming industry in the world and China is the largest producer and exporter of aquatic products. To prevent and treat diseases occurred in aquaculture, antibiotics are widely applied. However, the information of antibiotics used in Chinese aquaculture is still limited. Based on peer-reviewed papers, documents, reports, and even farmer surveys, this review summarized antibiotics used in Chinese aquaculture. In 2014, more than 47.4 million tonnes of farmed aquatic products were produced in mainland China...
January 25, 2017: Environmental Pollution
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