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Health valuation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077722/higher-heart-rate-variability-is-associated-with-ventromedial-prefrontal-cortex-activity-and-increased-resistance-to-temptation-in-dietary-self-control-challenges
#1
Silvia U Maier, Todd A Hare
: Higher levels of self-control in decision making have been linked to better psychosocial and physical health. A similar link to health outcomes has been reported for heart-rate variability (HRV), a marker of physiological flexibility. Here, we sought to link these two, largely separate, research domains by testing the hypothesis that greater HRV would be associated with better dietary self-control in humans. Specifically, we examined whether total HRV at sedentary rest (measured as the SD of normal-to-normal intervals) can serve as a biomarker for the neurophysiological adaptability that putatively underlies self-controlled behavior...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075579/human-health-and-economic-impacts-of-ozone-reductions-by-income-group
#2
Rebecca Karina Saari, Tammy M Thompson, Noelle E Selin
Low-income households may be disproportionately affected by ozone pollution and ozone policy. We quantify how three factors affect the relative benefits of ozone policies with household income: (1) unequal ozone reductions; (2) policy delay; and (3) economic valuation methods. We model ozone concentrations under baseline and policy conditions across the full continental U.S. to estimate the distribution of ozone-related health impacts across nine income groups. We enhance an economic model to include these impacts across household income categories, and present its first application to evaluate the benefits of ozone reductions for low-income households...
January 11, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070265/the-relationship-between-body-image-and-sexual-function-in-middle-aged-women
#3
Poorandokht Afshari, Zeinab Houshyar, Nahid Javadifar, Fatemeh Pourmotahari, Maryam Jorfi
INTRODUCTION: An individual's social and marital function, interpersonal relationships, and quality of life may, sometimes be affected by negative body image. This study is aimed at determining the relationship between body image and sexual function in middle-aged women. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 437 middle-aged women, who were referred to various public healthcare centers in Ahvaz, Iran during 2014-2015, were selected. The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) were used for data collection...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058202/how-much-are-ecuadorians-willing-to-pay-to-reduce-maternal-mortality-results-from-a-pilot-study-on-contingent-valuation
#4
María Isabel Roldós, Phaedra Corso, Justin Ingels
CONTEXT: There is an established association between the provision of health care services and maternal mortality. In Ecuador, little is known if the societal value is greater than the resources expended in preventive medicine. AIMS: The purpose of this research is to investigate Ecuadorians' willingness to pay to prevent maternal death and disabilities due to complications of care during childbirth in the context of universal coverage. METHODS AND MATERIALS: The study elicited a "contingent" market on morbidity and mortality outcomes, specific to Ecuador's epidemiologic profiles between a hypothetical market that included a 50% reduction in the risk of maternal mortality from 100 to 50 per 100,000, and a market that included a 50% reduction in the risk of maternal morbidity from 4,000 to 2,000 per 100,000...
2017: International Journal of MCH and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049466/cost-benefit-analysis-of-malaria-rapid-diagnostic-test-the-perspective-of-nigerian-community-pharmacists
#5
Ifeoma Jovita Ezennia, Sunday Odunke Nduka, Obinna Ikechukwu Ekwunife
BACKGROUND: In 2010, the World Health Organization issued a guideline that calls for a shift from presumptive to test-based treatment. However, test-based treatment is still unpopular in community pharmacies. This could be due to unwillingness of customers to spend extra finance on rapid diagnostic test (RDT). It could also result from lack of interest from community pharmacists since they may perceive no financial gain attached to this service. This study assessed the cost-benefit of test-based malaria treatment to community pharmacists...
January 3, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046080/the-annual-burden-of-seasonal-influenza-in-the-us-veterans-affairs-population
#6
Yinong Young-Xu, Robertus van Aalst, Ellyn Russo, Jason K H Lee, Ayman Chit
Seasonal influenza epidemics have a substantial public health and economic burden in the United States (US). On average, over 200,000 people are hospitalized and an estimated 23,000 people die from respiratory and circulatory complications associated with seasonal influenza virus infections each year. Annual direct medical costs and indirect productivity costs across the US have been found to average respectively at $10.4 billion and $16.3 billion. The objective of this study was to estimate the economic impact of severe influenza-induced illness on the US Veterans Affairs population...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017436/moving-beyond-traditional-valuation-of-vaccination-needs-and-opportunities
#7
David E Bloom, Logan Brenzel, Daniel Cadarette, Jessica Sullivan
Economic evaluations of vaccination traditionally focus on a relatively narrow set of vaccine benefits, such as averted medical care costs among those who are immunized. In recent years, researchers have identified additional vaccination benefits that should be incorporated into economic evaluations in order to reflect vaccination's full value. Early efforts to estimate the magnitude of these broader benefits suggest that vaccination has been substantially undervalued, which has important implications for public and private vaccine policy and human health and welfare...
December 22, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017435/informing-vaccine-decision-making-a-strategic-multi-attribute-ranking-tool-for-vaccines-smart-vaccines-2-0
#8
Stacey Knobler, Karin Bok, Bruce Gellin
SMART Vaccines 2.0 software is being developed to support decision-making among multiple stakeholders in the process of prioritizing investments to optimize the outcomes of vaccine development and deployment. Vaccines and associated vaccination programs are one of the most successful and effective public health interventions to prevent communicable diseases and vaccine researchers are continually working towards expanding targets for communicable and non-communicable diseases through preventive and therapeutic modes...
December 22, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992531/health-related-quality-of-life-impairment-and-indirect-cost-of-crohn-s-disease-a-self-report-study-in-poland
#9
Przemysław Holko, Paweł Kawalec, Małgorzata Mossakowska, Andrzej Pilc
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Evidence on indirect cost of Crohn's disease (CD) is available but typically provides information on the loss of productivity at paid work of patients. In the present study, the quality of life and indirect costs of CD patients were assessed (overall and by disease severity). METHODS: A self-report questionnaire-based study among adult Polish patients with CD was performed. We collected data on patients' characteristics, quality of life, loss of productivity, consumption of medical resources, and out-of-pocket expenses...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987630/order-of-presentation-of-dimensions-does-not-systematically-bias-utility-weights-from-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#10
Richard Norman, Georg Kemmler, Rosalie Viney, A Simon Pickard, Eva Gamper, Bernhard Holzner, Virginie Nerich, Madeleine King
BACKGROUND: Discrete choice experiments (DCEs) are increasingly used to value aspects of health. An issue with their adoption is that results may be sensitive to the order in which dimensions of health are presented in the valuation task. Findings in the literature regarding order effects are discordant at present. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the magnitude of order effect of quality-of-life (QOL) dimensions within the context of a DCE designed to produce country-specific value sets for the EORTC Quality of Life Utility Measure-Core 10 dimensions (QLU-C10D), a new utility instrument derived from the widely used cancer-specific QOL questionnaire, the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30...
December 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986200/toward-explicit-prioritization-for-the-caribbean-an-eq-5d-value-set-for-trinidad-and-tobago
#11
Henry Bailey, Elly Stolk, Paul Kind
BACKGROUND: Resource allocation decision making in the Caribbean can be greatly enhanced by the introduction of cost per quality-adjusted life-year (QALY) analysis on the basis of local preferences. In the valuation literature there have been recommendations for the elicitation methods of the EuroQol five-dimensional questionnaire (EQ-5D) that combine discrete-choice experiment (DCE) for bulk valuation with a time trade-off component for rescaling. OBJECTIVES: To create a three-level EQ-5D value set for Trinidad and Tobago using an elicitation method that takes into account the local constraints, and that can be easily deployed in other Caribbean islands...
December 2016: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972955/on-a-design-issue-of-eq-5d-3l-valuation-studies-should-likelihood-of-the-health-states-be-considered
#12
Z Yang, N Luo, J van Busschbach, E Stolk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972823/health-state-valuation-in-sri-lanka-using-the-eq-5d-3l-precursor-to-qaly-estimation-in-south-asia
#13
S Kularatna, P Scuffham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972806/valuing-health-results-from-the-health-auction-valuation-experiment-have-study
#14
J Byrnes, S Kularatna, P Scuffham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27972764/the-first-indonesian-health-related-quality-of-life-valuation-study-an-eq-5d-5l-value-set
#15
F D Purba, J Hunfeld, A Iskandarsyah, T S Fitriana, S S Sadarjoen, J Passchier, J van Busschbach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970620/a-new-approach-to-presenting-health-states-in-stated-preference-valuation-studies
#16
A M Cole, K Shah, B Mulhern, Y Feng, N Devlin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970619/valuation-of-eq-5d-5l-health-states-a-comparison-of-three-asian-countries
#17
N Luo, P Wang, G Liu, P Juntana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965851/prioritising-wheelchair-services-for-children-a-pilot-discrete-choice-experiment-to-understand-how-child-wheelchair-users-and-their-parents-prioritise-different-attributes-of-wheelchair-services
#18
Nathan Bray, Seow Tien Yeo, Jane Noyes, Nigel Harris, Rhiannon Tudor Edwards
BACKGROUND: Approximately 95 million children worldwide are disabled; 10 % use a wheelchair. In the UK, an estimated 770,000 children are disabled. National Health Service Wheelchair Services are the largest provider of wheelchairs in the UK; however, recent reports have highlighted issues with these services. This study explores the use of discrete choice experiment methods to inform wheelchair service provision for disabled children based on service user preferences. The aim was to explore how disabled children and their parents prioritise different attributes of wheelchair services...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938737/endobronchial-ultrasonography-a-sublime-procedure-and-a-guide-to-the-proper-valuation-of-health-care
#19
EDITORIAL
Kevin L Kovitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926453/quantifying-motivation-with-effort-based-decision-making-paradigms-in-health-and-disease
#20
T T-J Chong, V Bonnelle, M Husain
Motivation can be characterized as a series of cost-benefit valuations, in which we weigh the amount of effort we are willing to expend (the cost of an action) in return for particular rewards (its benefits). Human motivation has traditionally been measured with self-report and questionnaire-based tools, but an inherent limitation of these methods is that they are unable to provide a mechanistic explanation of the processes underlying motivated behavior. A major goal of current research is to quantify motivation objectively with effort-based decision-making paradigms, by drawing on a rich literature from nonhuman animals...
2016: Progress in Brain Research
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